Revista de neurologia

Journal description

Current impact factor: 0.83

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2016
2014 Impact Factor 0.83
2013 Impact Factor 0.926
2012 Impact Factor 1.179
2011 Impact Factor 0.652
2010 Impact Factor 1.218
2009 Impact Factor 1.234
2008 Impact Factor 1.083
2007 Impact Factor 0.736
2006 Impact Factor 0.528
2005 Impact Factor 0.391
2004 Impact Factor 0.21
2003 Impact Factor 0.201
2002 Impact Factor 0.289
2001 Impact Factor 0.26
2000 Impact Factor 0.256
1999 Impact Factor 0.265

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 0.76
Cited half-life 6.60
Immediacy index 0.23
Eigenfactor 0.00
Article influence 0.12
ISSN 1576-6578

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Introduction: The obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS) is a common, complex and polygenic disease with diverse aetiologies interacting to produce a single phenotype. OSAS occurs throughout the entire lifespan and familial aggregation has been suggested. Several predisposing factors, as age, gender and obesity have been described. Associations between HLA polymorphisms and sleep disorders are confirmed, in European and Non-European descendent populations. However the associations found between HLA alleles and OSAS have not been consistent and have no informative value for sleep disorder classification. Aims: To explore the genetic association of HLA with OSAS in a northern Portuguese population and to evaluate the role of obesity in the context of HLA in OSAS. Patients and methods: A cohort of 131 patients with OSAS was studied. Patients followed up in an Outpatient Sleep Clinic were assessed by clinical history, night sleep polygraphic recording, multiple sleep latency test (when necessary for differential diagnosis), laboratorial and demographic studies. A control population (CP) of 223 healthy individuals was used for comparison. HLA-DRB1 genotyping was performed using a polymerase chain reaction with sequence specific primers methodology. Results: In this cohort, the HLA-DRB1*03 allele was identified as a susceptibility factor for OSAS (24% OSAS vs. 15% CP; p = 0.025; odds ratio = 1.861; 95% CI = 1.081-3.205). No significant differences were found for other HLA-DBR1* alleles. Conclusion: HLA-DRB1*03 is a susceptibility factor for OSAS in Portuguese population.
    Revista de neurologia 10/2015; 61(7):301.
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    ABSTRACT: In spite that headache is, by far, the most frequent reason for neurological consultation and that the diagnosis and treatment of some patients with headache is difficult, the number of headache clinics is scarce in our country. In this paper the main arguments which should allow us, as neurologists, to defend the necessity of implementing headache clinics are reviewed. To get this aim we should first overcome our internal reluctances, which still make headache as scarcely appreciated within our specialty. The facts that more than a quarter of consultations to our Neurology Services are due to headache, that there are more than 200 different headaches, some of them actually invalidating, and the new therapeutic options for chronic patients, such as OnabotulinumtoxinA or neuromodulation techniques, oblige us to introduce specialised headache attendance in our current neurological offer. Even though there are no definite data, available results indicate that headache clinics are efficient in patients with chronic headaches, not only in terms of health benefit but also from an economical point of view.
    Revista de neurologia 09/2015; 61 Suppl 1:S13-20.
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    ABSTRACT: Chronic migraine is a disease that affects 0.5-2.5% of the population, depending on the statistics that are analysed and the definition of chronic migraine that is used. It is extraordinarily disabling, since it does not allow the sufferer to carry out any of their scheduled personal, professional or social activities, and it has a great impact on the patients' quality of life, as measured on disability, quality of life and impact on daily activities scales. Yet, nowadays there are treatments that have proven to be effective in cases of chronic migraine, such as OnabotulinumtoxinA. It is a treatment that is well tolerated and with a high rate of efficacy. Yet it is not only a therapeutic tool, but in the world of headaches it has also opened up the doors to invasive treatments, to the learning of techniques and, in short, to placing headaches in referral units that are usually located in tertiary care hospitals. Furthermore, it has also helped to overcome the idea that patients with headache should be visited exclusively by primary care physicians or general neurologists. This is an opportunity to redefine the field of study and the care for headaches that must be seized. In the future, this is going to be complemented by novel treatments with neurostimulation and probably with monoclonal antibodies against the calcitonin gene-related peptide. A revolution has begun in our knowledge and capacity to act. It is our duty to give it the importance and usage it deserves both for our patients and for us as specialists.
    Revista de neurologia 09/2015; 61 Suppl 1:S3-7.
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    ABSTRACT: Headache is the most common reason for visiting in neurology. Almost a third of all patients surveyed in this specialty visit for this reason. The gradual increase in the complexity of the care afforded to patients with headaches requires neurologists to become more specialised and leads to the creation of specialised units where this more complex care can be implemented. The heads of the neurology department are responsible for structuring and coordinating the different care units. This article shows the findings of a survey carried out on a group of heads of neurology departments in order to determine the current state of headache units, that is, their opinion regarding the creation, functioning and development of headache units in Spanish hospitals, and the parameters of their efficacy and effectiveness.
    Revista de neurologia 09/2015; 61 Suppl 1:S9-S12.
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    ABSTRACT: Headache units have come into being to respond to the need to address the treatment of patients with complex headaches in a multidisciplinary manner. Although headaches are one of the most prevalent medical pathologies, it is surprising how little is being done to foster the development of such units. Within the multidisciplinary organisation, the role of the neurologist with adequate training in this field is essential. He or she is the person responsible for receiving, directing, supervising and coordinating the treatment, together with other medical specialties. The basic core of the team should consist of a psychiatrist, psychologist and physiotherapist. Their joint coordinated action generates an objective improvement in the pain over and beyond that achieved with each isolated treatment.
    Revista de neurologia 09/2015; 61 Suppl 1:S21-6.
  • Revista de neurologia 09/2015; 61 Suppl 1:S1-2.
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    ABSTRACT: Different gastrointestinal symptoms, such as excessive salivation, deterioration and other disorders affecting the teeth, dysphagia, gastroparesis, gastroesophageal reflux, constipation, difficult defecation or loss of weight are frequent events in all the stages of the development of Parkinson's disease and affect at least a third of the patients. These symptoms reflect the dysfunction of the enteric nervous system, and the stomach is one of the organs where alpha-synuclein is first deposited. Other factors, such as the dysfunction of structures in the central nervous system like the dorsal motor nucleus of the vagal nerve, hormonal factors or secondary effects deriving from the consumption of antiparkinsonian drugs, are involved in its origin. The present article offers a detailed review of the epidemiological, pathophysiological, clinical and therapeutic management aspects of the different gastrointestinal symptoms in Parkinson's disease.
    Revista de neurologia 09/2015; 61(6):261-70.
  • Revista de neurologia 09/2015; 61(6):284-5.
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction: The 3q29 microdeletion and microduplication syndromes are characterised by a marked phenotypic heterogeneity, and delayed development and a mild-moderate degree of intellectual disability are the most frequent clinical manifestations. Case reports: Two patients with reciprocal chromosomal aberrations in the 3q29 region. The patient with 3q29 microdeletion presented learning disabilities, borderline microcephaly, mild facial dysmorphism, attentional deficit and impulsiveness, and anxious and obsessive traits. The patient with reciprocal 3q29 microduplication presented learning disabilities, mild facial dysmorphism and a disruptive behavioural profile that was not previously associated with this duplication. Conclusions: The phenotypes of these patients are compared and the literature about paediatric patients with 3q29 microdeletions and microduplications is reviewed.
    Revista de neurologia 09/2015; 61(6):255-60.
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    ABSTRACT: Aim: To evaluate whether a tighter blood pressure (BP) control in patients with recent ischemic stroke is associated with the presence of nocturnal hypotension (NHP) episodes. Patients and methods: We included one hundred consecutive patients who had been discharged for ischemic stroke in the previous six months. To evaluate adequacy of BP control in these patients office BP and 24-h ambulatory BP monitoring values were used. Results: We studied 63 males and 37 females; mean age was 69 ± 11 years. Sixty-eight lacunar and 32 non-lacunar strokes were included. Episodes of NHP were observed in 59 patients. Clinical hypertension was present in 34 patients. An abnormal pattern of circadian rhythm of BP was present in 72 subjects. Only 18 patients had BP within normal limits. Episodes of NHP were more frequent in subjects with good BP control versus patients with bad BP control: 88.8% and 52.4 % respectively (p = 0.007). The presence of NHP episodes was also inversely related to number of BP parameters altered (p = 0.001). Conclusions: Tight control of BP after ischemic stroke is associated with a high frequency of NHP episodes. It is likely that aggressively lowering BP levels within the normal range after an ischemic stroke may be not beneficial, particularly in elderly patients.
    Revista de neurologia 09/2015; 61(6):249-54.
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction: The presence of a structural lesion in the preoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of drug-resistant epilepsy patients has been usually associated with a favourable surgical outcome. We present our experience in our Epilepsy Surgery Unit. Patients and methods: Clinical records from 265 patients, operated on from 1990-2010 in our institution, were reviewed. Patients were classified, according to MRI findings, into three groups: surgical lesion (SL), tumors or vascular malformations requiring surgery 'per se'; orientative lesion (OL), dysplasia, atrophy or mesial temporal sclerosis; and (NL) group, with normal MRI. Seizure outcomes were analysed in relation to this classification. Results: Period 1990-2000, 151 patients: 87% of SL, 65% of OL and 57% of NL patients were in Engel class I or II at the two-year follow-up. Among temporal lobe epilepsy cases (TLE), 87% of SL, 67% of OL and 56% of NL patients achieved seizure control. Differences were statistically significative. Period 2001-2010, 114 patients: 100% of SL, 90% of OL, and 81% of NL patients were in Engel's class I or II. Both TLE and extratemporal (ETLE) SL patients obtained a 100% seizure control. Among the OL patients, 95% with TLE and 43% of ETLE achieved seizure control. In the NL group, the percentages were 88% in TLE, and 50% in ETLE. Conclusions: In our series, SL was a predictor of a favorable outcome. In TLE patients, good results were achieved despite normal MRI. Patients with ETLE and NL did not have a worse outcome than those with OL. A classification in SL, OL and NL seems more helpful for predicting the surgical outcome than the traditional classification lesion versus non-lesion MRI. Radiological findings must be carefully evaluated in the context of a complete epilepsy surgery evaluation.
    Revista de neurologia 09/2015; 61(6):241-248.
  • Revista de neurologia 09/2015; 61(6):288.
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    ABSTRACT: The use of dual task paradigms has revealed behavioural interactions between certain motor tasks, like standing or walking, and cognitive tasks when performed simultaneously. Despite the potential relevance of these findings accounting for certain neurological symptoms (i.e., falls), or for the design of new therapeutic interventions, there is few information available about such interaction effects in traumatic brain injury (TBI). To assess the presence of cognitive-motor interactions during dual tasking in TBI patients. Twenty TBI patients and 19 healthy matched controls performed two attentional and two working memory tasks (simple reaction times, complex reaction times, 1-back numeric, 1-back spatial) during dual task conditions, that is, at the same time than one motor task (standing and walking), and during single task conditions (without a motor task). Reaction times were recorded in response to all cognitive tasks. Patients exhibit slower performance than controls in all cognitive tasks (p < 0.05). While neither patients nor controls showed changes in reaction times in the two simpler attentional tasks during dual tasking as compared to single tasking conditions, TBI patients do exhibit improvements in working memory tasks (F(2, 74) = 2.9; p < 0.05) during dual tasking-walking (p < 0.02). The possible causes of positive cognitive-motor interactions during simultaneous execution of motor-working memory tasks in TBI patients are discussed, as well as the potential therapeutic value of dual task paradigms in the rehabilitation of these patients.
    Revista de neurologia 09/2015; 61(5):202-10.
  • Revista de neurologia 09/2015; 61(5):239-40.
  • Revista de neurologia 09/2015; 61(5):238-9.
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    ABSTRACT: Cerebral radiation is an indispensable cornerstone in the treatment of many primary and metastatic brain tumors. However, besides its desired therapeutic effect on tumor cells, a significant proportion of patients will experience neurotoxic side effects as the consequence of radiotherapy. Radiation necrosis can result in progressive neurological symptoms and radiographic changes. To differentiate radiation necrosis from progressive tumor based on imaging can pose a diagnostic challenge because the MRI characteristics may be similar in both situations. Therefore, surgical biopsy and pathological confirmation is sometimes necessary to guide further management. Effective treatment options for cerebral radiation necrosis exist and should be offered to symptomatic patients. A better understanding of the cellular and molecular processes underlying the development of radiation necrosis is necessary to prevent and minimize radiation-associated morbidity and to improve treatment strategies.
    Revista de neurologia 09/2015; 61(5):225-232.
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    ABSTRACT: Valproic acid (VPA) is a useful antiepileptic drug for controlling different types of epilepsy. It has several side effects and is associated to increased body weight, as well as metabolic and endocrine disorders, including metabolic syndrome. To determine the prevalence of obesity and metabolic syndrome among paediatric patients with epilepsy treated in monotherapy with VPA. The study was cross-sectional, observational and analytical. A sample of patients treated with VPA between 2010-2014 were studied and the body mass index (BMI), abdominal perimeter, arterial blood pressure, glucose, triglycerides and high density lipoproteins (HDL) were studied in search of obesity and metabolic syndrome. Obesity was defined as a BMI above the 95th percentile, and metabolic syndrome was considered if at least three of the following criteria were fulfilled: abdominal perimeter above the 90th percentile, systolic arterial pressure above the 90th percentile, triglycerides above 110 mg/dL and HDL below 40 mg/dL. A total of 47 patients with a mean age of 10.1 ± 4 years were studied; 51.06% were males. Eight (17%) of them developed obesity and, of those, two (25%) had metabolic syndrome. Three patients went on to become overweight (6%). Statistically significant differences were observed in the mean age in comparison to the BMI groups, where the obese patients were adolescents (ANOVA, p = 0.0001) and those who took more VPA per day were the obese (ANOVA, p = 0.024). Patients treated with VPA who become obese may go on to develop metabolic syndrome. They require careful monitoring and, if they are seen to put on weight, withdrawal of the drug should be considered.
    Revista de neurologia 09/2015; 61(5):193-201.
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    ABSTRACT: Gelastic seizures are infrequent epileptic seizures in which the main manifestation is inappropriate laughter. They have a variety of causations. A search of the literature did not reveal any cases of pathological laughter that was clearly related with strokes, although there a numerous reports of non-epileptic pathological laughter as a prodromal symptom in stroke patients (fou rire prodromique). We report the case of a patient with infarcted cingulate gyrus who progressed with gelastic seizures at onset and during the course of the clinical process. An 81-year-old female who suddenly presented bouts of difficulties in verbal expression with disconnection from the milieu that were accompanied by fits of unmotivated and uncontrollable laughter that lasted less than five minutes. Following the attacks, her level of consciousness had dropped. In some of the attacks there were also involuntary movements of the upper limbs. Resonance imaging revealed the existence of an acute ischaemic lesion in the left territory of the cingulate gyrus and an electroencephalogram revealed the existence of epileptogenic activity in the left-hand anterior temporal and frontal regions. The clinical profile, the results of the complementary examinations and the response to the antiepileptic treatment allow us to state that in the episode reported in this patient we are dealing with gelastic seizures related to an acute ischaemic lesion in the left cingulate gyrus.
    Revista de neurologia 09/2015; 61(5):211-4.