Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis (J Thromb Thrombolysis )

Publisher: LINK (Springer), Springer Verlag

Description

The Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis is a long-awaited resource for contemporary cardiologists hematologists and clinician-scientists actively involved in treatment decisions and clinical investigation of thrombotic disorders involving the cardiovascular and cerebrovascular systems. Its principal focus centers on the pathobiology of thrombosis and the use of anticoagulants platelet antagonists and thrombolytic agents in scientific investigation and patient care. The journal publishes original work that interlinks basic scienctific principles with clinical investigation thus creating a unique forum for interdisciplinary dialogue. Published works will advocate the development of solid platforms for planned clinical research and precise clinically-applicable benchwork. The Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis 's comprehensive and interdisciplinary design will expand the reader's knowledge base and provide important insights for the most rapidly growing field in medicine. The journal seeks original manuscripts devoted to laboratory investigation and clinical studies. State-of-the-art reviews and editorials will be summoned by invitation. The journal will closely follow new trends on the cutting edge of the field and highlight drugs in the early stages of development which may warrant testing in the clinical arena. Updates of major national and international clinical trials will also be provided as will a forum of guidelines for interpreting the results of these trials from a patient care perspective. The Journal will publish an ongoing educational series of topics applicable to clinician scientists that will include such topics as: 'Seminars in Thrombosis Thromboysis and Vascular Biology' and a 6-part series on 'Hematology for the Cardiologist'. Manuscripts submitted must not be under consideration by an other journal and should not have been published elsewhere in similar form. All articles will be refereed by two qualified referees. All clinical trials being considered for publication will also be reviewed by a statistician. A response will be provided within four weeks of receipt.

  • Impact factor
    1.99
  • 5-year impact
    1.70
  • Cited half-life
    4.00
  • Immediacy index
    0.30
  • Eigenfactor
    0.01
  • Article influence
    0.49
  • Website
    Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis website
  • Other titles
    Journal of thrombosis and thrombolysis (En ligne)
  • ISSN
    1573-742X
  • OCLC
    300185160
  • Material type
    Periodical, Internet resource
  • Document type
    Internet Resource, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Springer Verlag

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Authors own final version only can be archived
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • On author's website or institutional repository
    • On funders designated website/repository after 12 months at the funders request or as a result of legal obligation
    • Published source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Set phrase to accompany link to published version (The original publication is available at www.springerlink.com)
    • Articles in some journals can be made Open Access on payment of additional charge
  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • Luca Masotti, Gianni Lorenzini, Cristiana Seravalle, Grazia Panigada, Giancarlo Landini, Roberto Cappelli, Sam Schulman
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    ABSTRACT: Although new oral anticoagulants (NOAs) have been marketed in many countries, concern exists about the management of bleedings related to these drugs due to the lack of specific antidotes. The aim of our study was to report on real life management of NOAs-related life-threatening or major bleedings. We report data from consecutive cases of NOAs related major bleedings admitted to 4 hospitals since NOAs became marketed in Italy. We treated 8 patients, 4 males, with mean age 84 ± 7 years, 7 of whom were on dabigatran and one on rivaroxaban. The indication for NOA was atrial fibrillation. All bleedings were spontaneous and involving the gastro-intestinal tract. At the time of bleeding all patients had a drop in hemoglobin levels over 20 g/L. Creatinine clearance was ≤30 mL/min in 4 patients. All patients received general supportive measures, 4 of 8 patients were transfused with packed red cells and one patient received platelet transfusion. Three patients were treated with tranexamic acid and one patient on dabigatran received 4-factor prothrombin complex concentrate (PCC) with bleeding cessation, although coagulation parameters were not corrected. The median time for normalization of coagulation parameters was 3 days (range 1-6 days). All patients were discharged alive and NOAs were discontinued. In NOAs related major gastro-intestinal bleeding general supportive measures seem to be effective for the majority of patients. Despite promoting bleeding cessation, 4-factor PCC does not reverse abnormal coagulation parameters.
    Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis 07/2014;
  • Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis 07/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: We report a case of infective endocarditis (IE) involving the posterior mitral leaflet (PML) with calcific embolization in a patient with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM). Amongst HOCM patients with IE, the anterior mitral leaflet and basal septal myocardium are almost always involved due to the endocardial damage caused by recurrent outflow obstruction and valvular regurgitation. The management of our patient was complicated by moderate mitral stenosis, repeated calcific embolic strokes, dynamic left ventricular outflow track obstruction, and respiratory failure due to flash pulmonary edema. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of PML involvement in HOCM presenting in this manner.
    Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis 07/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Catheter-related right atrial thrombosis (CRAT) is an underreported and potentially life-threatening complication of central venous catheter in hemodialysis patients. The accurate incidence is unknown, with reported rates ranging from 2 to 12.8 % [1] in series, up to 29 % [2] in a postmortem prospective study, and high mortality rates (18 %) [1]. The optimal treatment for CRAT is controversial and nonsystematized, including anticoagulation, thrombolysis, and surgical thrombectomy. We report two cases of CRAT in dialysis patients, who underwent surgical thrombectomy. One case required reintervention because of recurrence, a first reported case in hemodialysis population.
    Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis 07/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The no-reflow phenomenon occurs when an epicardial coronary artery is reopened following myocardial infarction, but portions of the intramural microvasculature fail to reperfuse. One potential mechanism for this is the presence of fibrin tactoids. In addition, some recent studies have suggested that dabigatran treatment may be associated with increased incidence of myocardial infarction. Our aim was to investigate the effect on myocardial infarct size and no-reflow in an acute model of ischemia/reperfusion. Anesthetized, open-chest rabbits were randomly assigned to receive dabigatran (Dab, 0.5 mg/kg bolus + infusion, 0.15 mg/kg/h, IV, n = 11) or vehicle (Veh, n = 11) 15 m before a 30-m coronary artery occlusion and during 2.5 h of the 3 h reperfusion procedure. At the end of the reperfusion period, infarct size (% risk zone) and no-reflow defect were measured. The ischemic risk zone (% of left ventricle) was similar in groups, 24 % in Dab and 25 % in Veh. Necrosis was neither reduced nor increased by Dab treatment; expressed as a percentage of the risk region, infarct size was 30 ± 4 % in Dab and 28 ± 5 % in Veh, p = 0.76. The extent of no-reflow was comparable, expressed either as a percent of the risk region (19 ± 3 %, Dab and 18 ± 3 %, Veh) or as a percent of the necrotic zone (67 ± 8 % Dab and 65 ± 10 % Veh). Dab treatment had no effect on heart rate or blood pressure. Dabigatran treatment did not prevent or ameliorate the no-reflow phenomenon, suggesting that fibrin does not play a major role in the development of microvascular obstruction. Dabigatran did not exacerbate myocardial infarct size.
    Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis 07/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: A 33-year-old Chinese man with 9-year history of Kimura's disease (KD) was admitted with a 1-month history of recurrent claudication. He did not have any clinical discomfort and had not taken any preventive medication in the past. He accepted percutaneous transluminal angioplasty and the pathologic diagnosis was reportedly consistent with necrotizing eosinophilic vasculitis. This is the rare reported case of KD associated necrotizing eosinophilic vasculitis presenting with recurrent peripheral arterial occlusive disease and the difficulties encountered in establishing an accurate diagnosis with unusual presentations. This case also highlights the possibility of recurrent complications without aggressive medical treatment in such unusual eosinophilic disorders.
    Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis 07/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: D-Dimer is a biomarker of fibrin formation and degradation. While a D-dimer within normal limits is used to rule out the diagnosis of deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism among patients with a low clinical probability of venous thromboembolism (VTE), the prognostic association of an elevated D-dimer with adverse outcomes has received far less emphasis. An elevated D-dimer is independently associated with an increased risk for incident VTE, recurrent VTE, and mortality. An elevated D-dimer is an independent correlate of increased mortality and subsequent VTE across a broad variety of disease states. Therefore, medically ill subjects in whom the D-dimer is elevated constitute a high risk subgroup in which the prospective evaluation of the efficacy and safety of antithrombotic therapy is warranted.
    Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis 07/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Data on the frequency of anti-platelet factor 4/heparin (PF4/H) antibodies and their association with outcomes in intensive care unit (ICU) patients are sparse. In this prospective, observational study we screened 320 consecutive surgical/medical ICU patients for anti-PF4/H antibodies by enzyme-immunoassay (EIA) for immunoglobulin (Ig)G/A/M separately and heparin-induced platelet activation assay (HIPA) at ICU admission (=baseline), day 6, and day 10. HIPA-positive patients were additionally tested by serotonin-release assay (SRA). Patients tested positive by day 10: for anti-PF4/H-IgG = 17.2 % and for anti-PF4/H-IgM = 42.1 %. Within the first 10 ICU days, platelet counts decreased to <100 Gpt/L in 27.8 % patients. However, only seven patients (2.2 %) experienced a drop in the platelet count ≥50 % beginning after the fourth ICU day. These included the only two patients (0.6 %; 95 % confidence interval 0.08-2.2 %) with heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT). Only strong reactions in the HIPA were reproducible by SRA. This study confirms that testing for anti-PF4/H IgG antibodies should be restricted to ICU-patients who develop a platelet count decrease of >50 % that begins after day four of heparin treatment (which may have started before ICU admission). Among patients testing positive by IgG-specific EIA a functional platelet activation assay should be performed (regarding only strong reactions as positive).
    Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis 07/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: There is a strong relationship between obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Chronic intermittent hypoxia, inflammation, oxidative stress, and endothelial dysfunction may constitute etiologic mechanisms, linking OSAS to CVD. Inflammation play an important role in the development of CVD. Platelet-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) is a new biomarker showing inflammation. No previous study has ever investigated the association between PLR, CVD and OSAS severity in patients with OSAS. This study was designed to investigate the association between PLR and CVD in patients with OSAS, and relationship between severity of OSAS, polysomnographic parameters and PLR. This was a cohort study in which patients who had undergone a full night polysomnoraphy for diagnosis of OSA were recruited. Patients were divided according to their apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) scores into OSAS negative (Group 1: AHI < 5), mild (Group 2: AHI, 5-15), moderate (Group 3:AHI,15-30), and severe OSAS (Group 4: AHI > 30) groups. The presence of heart failure, coronary artery disease or arrhythmia was defined as CVD. A total of 424 patients were included in this study. There were 57, 93, 82, and 192 patients in Groups 1, 2, 3, and 4, respectively. PLR were significantly different between groups (Group 1: 87.38; Group 2: 95.07; Group 3: 97.01, Group 4: 126.9, P < 0.05). PLR were significantly correlated with AHI, oxygen desaturation index, average and minimum O2 saturation values (P < 0.05). Values of PLR were significantly higher in patients with CVD compared with those without. Multiple regression analysis demonstrated that PLR is an independent predictor of CVD. PLR cut-off value for demonstrating the presence of CVD is higher than 108.56. In the light oh findings, PLR is strongly associated with the severity of OSAS and cardiovascular disease in OSAS patients. PLR might be used as a biomarker to predict CVD in OSAS patients.
    Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis 07/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The benefit of intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) has been questioned for patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) in cases of acute ischemic stroke (IS). Our objective was to analyze the differences in outcome according to prior diagnosis of DM and the use or not of IVT. Observational study with inclusion of consecutive IS patients admitted to an stroke unit. Demographic data, vascular risk factors, comorbidity, stroke severity and 3-month follow-up outcome (modified Rankin Scale) were compared according to prior diagnosis of DM and the use or not of IVT. A total of 1,139 IS patients were admitted; 283 (24.8 %) patients had a diagnosis of DM, and 261 were IVT treated (23.2 % of the group without DM and 21.9 % of the DM group). The IVT-treated patients with DM were older, had more comorbidities and had higher glucose levels on admission than those without DM and than IVT-treated patients. No significant differences in stroke severity, hemorrhagic transformation, in-hospital mortality or outcome at 3 months were found. The logistic regression analysis showed that stroke severity was associated with a higher risk of a poor outcome in IVT-treated patients, with no significant effect from DM after adjustment for confounders. Moreover, IVT was independently associated with a lower risk of poor outcome in DM patients (OR 0.49; 95 % CI 0.31-0.76; P = .002). DM patients should not be excluded from IVT, because DM is not associated with a poor outcome after IVT and this treatment is clearly beneficial for DM patients as compared with DM patients not treated with IVT.
    Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis 07/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Transition from the hospital into the outpatient setting is a critical event for the appropriate provision of VTE prophylaxis. Data for this transition for the situation in Germany is scant. This was a retrospective, observational study in patients receiving in-hospital thromboprophylaxis and discharged with or without a recommendation to continue. Patient with previous thromboembolism were excluded. A total of 3,211 patients were identified by 518 physicians of which 2,853 had all data available for the present analysis; mean patient's age was 57.4 ± 17.5 (SD) years, 48.2 % were male and bodyweight was 79.8 ± 16.1 kg. During hospitalization 95.5 % of surgical and 84.0 % of medical patients received any thromboprophylaxis, the mean hospital duration being 12.7 ± 20.3 days. Surgical patients had high, medium and low risk in 53.8, 37.1 and 9.1 %, respectively. Medical patients had high, medium and low risk in 78.8, 19.8 and 1.4 %. A hospital recommendation to continue thromboprophylaxis was given to 84.6 % (95 % CI 83.1-85.9 %) of surgical and 64.9 % (95 % CI 59.1-70.6 %) of medical patients and implemented in 96.6 and 94.3 %, respectively. On the other hand, in patients without a respective hospital recommendation (15.4 % of surgical and 35.1 % of medical patients), thromboprophylaxis was continued in 65.3 % of surgical and 73.1 % of medical patients because of high risk. Our data illustrate acceptable rates of prophylaxis in surgical and medical patients in Germany. As the results show, it is essential that not only hospital physicians are aware of the actual risk at discharge, but office based physicians assess thromboembolic risk.
    Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis 07/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Four target-specific oral anticoagulants (TSOA's) have been compared to a vitamin K antagonist for the treatment of acute venous thromboembolism (VTE): dabigatran (D), rivaroxaban (R), apixaban (A) and edoxaban (E). We performed an indirect comparison of the TSOA's, based on the six phase III trials identified (RE-COVER I, RE-COVER II, EINSTEIN-DVT, EINSTEIN-PE, AMPLIFY and Hokusai-VTE). There was no statistically significant difference in risk of recurrent VTE or all-cause mortality between the TSOA's. For major bleeding, the RR of an event was 0.42 (95 % CI 0.21-0.87, p = 0.02) for A versus D, compared with 0.57 (95 % CI 0.29-1.15, p = 0.12) for A versus R, 0.37 (95 % CI 0.19-0.73, p < 0.001) for A versus E, 0.74 (95 % CI 0.42-1.30, p = 0.30) for R versus D, 0.64 (95 % CI 0.38-1.08, p = 0.10) for R versus E and 1.15 (95 % CI 0.66-2.00, p = 0.62) for E versus D. For the composite endpoint of major or clinically relevant nonmajor bleeding, the RR was 0.71 (95 % CI 0.53-0.96, p = 0.02) for A versus D, 0.47 (95 % CI 0.37-0.61, p < 0.001) for A versus R, 0.54 (95 % CI 0.42-0.70, p < 0.001) for A versus E, 1.50 (95 % CI 1.17-1.92, p = 0.001) for R versus D, 1.15 (95 % CI 0.95-1.39, p = 0.16) for R versus E and 1.31 (95 % CI 1.02-1.68, p = 0.04) for E versus D. Overall, apixaban appears to be associated with a lower risk of bleeding than the other TSOA's. This analysis may be helpful to the clinician in trying to balance risk versus benefit in selecting a new anticoagulant. A dedicated randomized trial directly comparing the new agents would be required to confirm these results.
    Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis 07/2014;
  • Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis 07/2014; 24974311.
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    ABSTRACT: To describe the development of a pharmacy driven off-label recombinant factor seven (rFVIIa) protocol by a multi-disciplinary team for critical bleeding. A multi-disciplinary team made up of members from several critical care and surgical departments within the hospital were formed and charged with developing a standardized approach to how rFVIIa would be used for critical bleeding in an academic medical center. Groups represented on the multi-disciplinary team included clinical pharmacy, emergency medicine, pulmonary, hematology, cardiothoracic surgery, trauma, neurosurgery, and vascular surgery physicians. A pharmacist driven off-label rFVIIa protocol was developed and implemented for the use in those patients with critical bleeding. The protocol was based on the available literature and local expert opinion. Through the use of this protocol a significantly smaller average dose of rFVIIa is now being used when compared to those patients treated prior to the new protocol (47.5 vs. 62.2 mcg/kg, p = 0.036) while all-cause mortality was not significantly altered (35 vs. 48.8 %, p = 0.057). An effective and safe pharmacy driven protocol was implemented by a multi-disciplinary team for rFVIIa as seen by providing a significantly lower average dose of rFVIIa while not sacrificing for overall patient mortality.
    Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis 07/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Arterial thrombosis in newborns varies depending on the location of the thrombus and can be a life-threatening emergency. We present a case of extensive aorta thrombosis with a left kidney thrombosis in a newborn successful treated with local recombinant tissue-type plasminogen activator.
    Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis 06/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Concerns have emerged regarding a higher risk of stent thrombosis after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation, especially in the setting of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Therefore, we performed a meta-analysis based on individual patient data to evaluate long-term safety and effectiveness of paclitaxel-eluting stent (PES) as compared to bare metal stents (BMS) in patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for STEMI. We examined all completed randomized trials on PES for STEMI. Individual patient data were obtained from six trials. We performed survival analyses with the use of Cox-regression analysis stratified according to trial. Kaplan-Meier survival curves are presented with event rates reported as estimated probabilities. A subsequent landmark analysis was performed for patients who were event-free at 1-year follow-up in order to define outcome in terms of early (≤1 year) and late (>1 year) events. A total of six trials were finally included in the meta-analysis with 4435 patients, 2875 (64.8 %) assigned to PES and 1560 (35.2 %) to BMS. No significant differences in baseline characteristics were observed between the two groups. However, a significantly higher percentage of patients in the DES group were on dual antiplatelet therapy during 3-year follow-up, as compared to BMS. At long-term follow-up (1,095 [1,090-1,155] days), no significant difference between PES and BMS was observed in mortality (9.2 vs 11.9 %, respectively, HR [95 % CI] = 0.84 [0.67, 1.06], p = 0.15, pheterogeneity = 0.59), reinfarction (8.8 vs 7 %, respectively; HR [95 % CI] = 1.10 [0.84, 1.44], p = 0.51, pheterogeneity = 0.32), stent thrombosis (6.7 vs 4.0 % respectively, HR [95 % CI] = 1.13 [0.82, 1.55], p = 0.45, pheterogeneity = 0.99) and TVR (11.9 vs 20.0 %; HR [95 % CI] = 0.64 [0.54, 0.77], p < 0.0001, pheterogeneity = 0.25). Landmark analysis showed that PES was associated with a significantly higher rate of very late reinfarction (>1 year) (5.6 vs 3.9 %, HR [95 % CI] = 1.61 [1.05-2.47], p = 0.03, pheterogeneity = 0.51], very late ST (2.9 vs 1.1 %, HR [95 % CI] = 1.88 [1.00-3.54], p = 0.05, pheterogeneity = 0.94]. The present pooled patient-level meta-analysis demonstrates that among STEMI patients undergoing primary PCI, PES compared to BMS is associated with a significant reduction in TVR at long-term follow-up. Although there were no differences in cumulative mortality, reinfarction or stent thrombosis, the incidence of very late reinfarction and stent thrombosis was increased with PES.
    Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis 06/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Previous studies have raised interest in using the genotyping of CYP2C9 and VKORC1 to guide warfarin dosing. However, there is lack of solid evidence to prove that genotype plus clinical algorithm provides improved clinical outcomes than the single clinical algorithm. The results of recent reported clinical trials are paradoxical and needs to be systematically evaluated. In this study, we aim to assess whether genotype plus clinical algorithm of warfarin is superior to the single clinical algorithm through a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs). All relevant studies from PubMed and reference lists from Jan 1, 1995 to Jan 13, 2014 were extracted and screened. Eligible studies included randomized trials that compared clinical plus pharmacogenetic algorithms group to single clinical algorithm group using adult (≥18 years) patients with disease conditions that require warfarin use. We further used fix-effect models to calculate the mean difference or the risk ratios (RRs) and 95 % CIs to analyze the extracted data. The statistical heterogeneity was calculated using I(2). The percentage of time within the therapeutic INR range was considered to be the primary clinical outcome. The initial search strategy identified 50 citations and 7 trials were eligible. These seven trials included 1,910 participants, including 960 patients who received genotype plus clinical algorithm of warfarin dosing and 950 patients who received clinical algorithm only. We discovered that the percentage of time within the therapeutic INR range of the genotype-guided group was improved compared with the standard group in the RCTs when the initial standard dose was fixed (95 % CI 0.09-0.40; I(2) = 47.8 %). However, for the studies using non-fixed initial doses, the genotype-guided group failed to exhibit statistically significant outcome compared to the standard group. No significant difference was observed in the incidences of adverse events (RR 0.94, 95 % CI 0.84-1.04; I(2) = 0 %, p = 0.647) and death rates (RR 1.36, 95 % CI 0.46-4.05; I(2) = 10.4 %, p = 0.328) between the two groups. Allocation to genotype plus clinical algorithm may be associated with a significant improvement of the percentage of time within the therapeutic INR range for patients adopting fixed dose of warfarin. The incidence of total adverse events and death rates did not differ between these two groups. Further experiments need to be conducted to confirm these findings.
    Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis 06/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Most patients with acute pulmonary embolism (PE) are still treated as inpatients. This is a retrospective cohort study of patients with acute PE, diagnosed using V/P SPECT between 2007 and 2011. Patients were treated at home if they were hemodynamically stable, did not require oxygen or parenteral analgetics, had no contraindications to anticoagulant treatment and V/P SPECT showed an extension of the PE of less than 40 %. The aim of the study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of home treatment with our algorithm. During the study period 416 outpatients were diagnosed with acute symptomatic PE of whom in total 260 (62.5 %) were discharged home from the emergency unit and another 47 (11 %) within 24 h from admission. During 3 months follow-up one (0.3 %) patient had a recurrent thrombotic event. Eleven (3.6 %) patients had a major or clinically relevant bleed and the overall mortality was 2 % (n = 6). There were no PE-related mortality. Home treatment should be considered and is safe in the majority of hemodynamically stable outpatients with small to medium size PE, quantified using V/P SPECT.
    Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis 06/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Plasma complement C3 and C4 act as risk factor for vascular diseases related to atherosclerosis. The association C3 and C4 levels in young ischemic stroke patients with the prognosis were still not unknown. We conducted this study to establish the significance of admission C3 and C4 levels as a possible predictor of 3 months prognosis in young patients with acute ischemic stroke. We conducted this study in 1,451 young Chinese patients as determined by the modified Rankin Scale at 3 months. Bivariate logistic regression analyses were used to determine the risk factors of outcome in male and female patients. Stepwise logistic regression analysis confirmed only the lowest quartile of C3 level (0.17-0.90 g/L) was independently associated with prognosis in male patient after adjustment the confounding risk factors of stroke [0.558 (0.382-0.815); P = 0.003], but not the association for plasma C4 levels. Meanwhile, serum SUA and WBC concentrations, TIA history are typically related to prognosis at 3 months after acute ischemic stroke. Our analysis does provide compelling information regarding the baseline complement C3 levels in young ischemic stroke patients as possible predictors of early prognosis after 3 months of acute phase. Thus, our results must be seen as a hypothesis only and will have to be confirmed in larger trials.
    Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis 06/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to obtain best estimates of the efficacy and safety of cilostazol-based triple antiplatelet therapy (TAPT: aspirin, clopidogrel and cilostazol) compared with dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT: aspirin and clopidogrel) in patients undergoing coronary stent implantation. We searched the literature to identify all randomized clinical trials examining efficacy and safety of TAPT versus DAPT in patients undergoing coronary stent implantation. Major efficacy outcomes were death, non-fatal myocardial infarction (MI), ischemic stroke and stent thrombosis (ST) and the safety outcome was bleeding. Data were analyzed using the Review Manager 5.0.0 software. A total of 19 trials involving 7,464 patients were included. TAPT and DAPT were associated with similar rates of death, non-fatal MI, ischemic stroke and ST, but compared with DAPT, TAPT had lower rates of target lesion revascularization (TLR) (RR 0.67, 95 % CI 0.56-0.82, P < 0.0001) and target vessel revascularization (TVR) (RR 0.65, 95 % CI 0.55-0.77, P < 0.00001), as well as less late loss of minimal lumen diameter (mean difference -0.14, 95 % CI -0.17--0.11, P < 0.00001), and less binary angiographic restenosis (RR 0.54, 95 % CI 0.45-0.65, P < 0.00001). TAPT and DAPT had similar rates of bleeding, but TAPT had significantly higher rates of headache, palpitation, rash and gastrointestinal side-effects. Cilostazol-based TAPT compared with DAPT is associated with improved angiographic outcomes and decreased risk of TLR and TVR but does not reduce major cardiovascular events and is associated with an increase in minor adverse events.
    Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis 05/2014;

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