Biodegradation (Biodegradation )

Publisher: Kluwer Online, Springer Verlag


Biodegradation publishes papers on all aspects of science pertaining to the detoxification recycling amelioration or treatment of waste materials and pollutants by naturally-occurring microbial strains or associations or recombinant organisms. Areas of particular interest include: biochemistry of biodegradative pathways genetics of biodegradative organisms and the development of recombinant biodegrading organisms enhancement of naturally-occurring biodegradative properties and activities applications of biodegradation and biotransformation technology e.g. to sewage heavy metals organohalogens high-COD wastes straight- branched-chain and aromatic hydrocarbons modelling and scale-up of laboratory processes and design of bioreactor systems international standardisation economic and legal aspects of biological treatment of waste. Subscribers to Antonie van Leeuwenhoek will receive Biodegradation as a supplementary volume included in their subscription at a reduced price. Biodegradation can also be purchased separately.

  • Impact factor
  • 5-year impact
  • Cited half-life
  • Immediacy index
  • Eigenfactor
  • Article influence
  • Website
    Biodegradation website
  • Other titles
    Biodegradation (Dordrecht: En ligne), Biodegradation, Biodegradation (Dordrecht) [ressource électronique]
  • ISSN
  • OCLC
  • Material type
    Periodical, Internet resource
  • Document type
    Internet Resource, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Springer Verlag

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Authors own final version only can be archived
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • On author's website or institutional repository
    • On funders designated website/repository after 12 months at the funders request or as a result of legal obligation
    • Published source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Set phrase to accompany link to published version (The original publication is available at
    • Articles in some journals can be made Open Access on payment of additional charge
  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Anaerobic reductive dechlorination of hexachlorobenzene (HCB) and three isomers of tetrachlorobenzene (TeCB) (1,2,3,4-, 1,2,3,5- and 1,2,4,5-TeCB) was investigated in microcosms containing chloroaromatic contaminated river sediment. All chlorobenzenes were dechlorinated to dichlorobenzene (DCB) or monochlorobenzene. From the sediment, a methanogenic sediment-free culture was obtained which dechlorinated HCB, pentachlorobenzene, three TeCB isomers, three trichlorobenzene (TCB) isomers (1,2,3-, 1,2,4- and 1,3,5-TCB) and 1,2-DCB. Dechlorination involved multiple pathways including the removal of doubly flanked, singly flanked and isolated chlorine substituents. 454-pyrosequencing of partial bacterial 16S rRNA genes amplified from selected chlorobenzene dechlorinating sediment-free enrichment cultures revealed the presence of a variety of bacterial species, including Dehalobacter and Dehalococcoides mccartyi, that were previously documented as organohalide respiring bacteria. A genus with apparent close relationship to Desulfitobacterium that also has been associated with organohalide respiration, composed the major fraction of the operational taxonomic units (OTUs). Another major OTU was linked with Sedimentibacter sp., a genus that was previously identified in strict co-cultures of consortia reductively dehalogenating chlorinated compounds. Our data point towards the existence of multiple interactions within highly chlorinated benzene dechlorinating communities.
    Biodegradation 07/2014;
  • Biodegradation 07/2014; Accepted.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A controlled field experiment was conducted to assess the potential for fermentative-methanogenic biostimulation (by ammonium-acetate injection) to enhance biodegradation of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylenes (BTEX) as well as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in groundwater contaminated with biodiesel B20 (20:80 v/v soybean biodiesel and diesel). Changes in microbial community structure were assessed by pyrosequencing 16S rRNA analyses. BTEX and PAH removal began 0.7 year following the release, concomitantly with the increase in the relative abundance of Desulfitobacterium and Geobacter spp. (from 5 to 52.7 % and 15.8 to 37.3 % of total Bacteria 16S rRNA, respectively), which are known to anaerobically degrade hydrocarbons. The accumulation of anaerobic metabolites acetate and hydrogen that could hinder the thermodynamic feasibility of BTEX and PAH biotransformations under fermentative/methanogenic conditions was apparently alleviated by the growing predominance of Methanosarcina. This suggests the importance of microbial population shifts that enrich microorganisms capable of interacting syntrophically to enhance the feasibility of fermentative-methanogenic bioremediation of biodiesel blend releases.
    Biodegradation 04/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Inoculation with exogenous white-rot fungi has been proven to be an efficient method to promote lignocellulose biodegradation during agricultural waste composting. Indigenous fungal communities, the most important organisms responsible for mineralization and decomposition of lignocellulosic materials in composts, can be affected by sample properties and other biotic factors. This research was conducted to determine the effects of the Phanerochaete chrysosporium inoculation on the indigenous fungal communities during agricultural waste composting. Fungal communities in samples with different inoculation regimes were investigated by sequencing and quantitative PCR. Results showed that P. chrysosporium inoculants produced significant negative effects on the indigenous fungal community abundance during the thermophilic stage. Samples inoculated during Phase II contained higher proportion of Acremonium chrysogenum and Galactomyces geotrichum, while those non-inoculated samples were dominated by Coprinopsis cinerea and Scytalidium thermophilum. Moreover, the indigenous fungal community abundance was significantly correlated with the C/N ratio, water soluble carbon and moisture content (P < 0.05). Redundancy analysis indicated that the most variation in distribution of indigenous fungal community structure was statistically explained by nitrate, C/N ratio, and moisture content, factors which solely explained 29.6 % (F = 30.316, P = 0.002), 25.6 % (F = 26.191, P = 0.002) and 10.0 % (F = 10.249, P = 0.002) of the variation in the indigenous fungal community structure, respectively.
    Biodegradation 04/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Microbial degradation of dibenzothiophene (DBT) beyond 3-hydroxy-2-formylbenzothiophene (HFBT), a commonly detected metabolite of the Kodama pathway for DBT metabolism, and the catabolic intermediates leading to its mineralization are not fully understood. The enrichment cultures cultivated from crude oil contaminated soil led to isolation of ERI-11; a natural mixed culture, selected for its ability to deplete DBT in basal salt medium (BSM). A bacterial strain isolated from ERI-11, and tentatively named A11, degraded more than 90 % of the initial DBT (270 µM), present as the sole carbon and sulfur source, in 72 h. Gas chromatography-mass spectrophotometry (GC-MS) analyses of the DBT degrading A11 culture medium extracts led to detection of HFBT. The metabolite HFBT, produced using A11, was used in degradation assays to evaluate its metabolism by the bacteria isolated in this study. Ultra violet-visible spectrophotometry and high-performance liquid chromatography analyses established the ability of the strain A11 to deplete HFBT, present as the sole sulfur and carbon source in BSM. GC-MS analyses showed the presence of 2-mercaptobenzoic acid in the HFBT degrading A11 culture extracts. The findings in this study establish that the environmental isolate A11 possesses the metabolic capacity to degrade DBT beyond the metabolite HFBT. The compound 2-mercaptobenzoic acid is an intermediate formed on HFBT degradation by A11.
    Biodegradation 04/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of selected electron donors and electron acceptors on the anaerobic biodegradation of DDT and its major metabolites in a muck soil with a long history of exposure to the pesticide. Loss of DDT was measured in anaerobic microcosms supplemented with H2, lactate, and acetate. The greatest loss of DDT (approximately 87 %) was observed in microcosms amended with lactate and no additional electron acceptor compared to the no additional electron donor or acceptor sets. An increase in measureable concentrations of DDx was observed in un-amended microcosms. In larger scale mesocosms, significant increases in dissolved organic carbon (DOC) corresponded with low redox potentials. Increases in DOC corresponded with sharp increases in measured concentrations of DDx, followed by a decrease in measured DDT concentrations in lactate-amended mesocosms. Our studies indicate that sorbed DDx is released upon anaerobic incubation, and that indigenous microorganisms capable of DDx degradation respond to lactate additions. Both the potential for release of sorbed DDx and the potential for biodegradation of DDx should be considered during remediation of DDx-contaminated organic soils at low redox potentials.
    Biodegradation 03/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Delftia acidovorans MC1071 can productively degrade R-2-(2,4-dichlorophenoxy)propionate (R-2,4-DP) but not 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetate (2,4-D) herbicides. This work demonstrates adaptation of MC1071 to degrade 2,4-D in a model two-dimensional porous medium (referred to here as a micromodel). Adaptation for 2,4-D degradation in the 2 cm-long micromodel occurred within 35 days of exposure to 2,4-D, as documented by substrate removal. The amount of 2,4-D degradation in the adapted cultures in two replicate micromodels (~10 and 20 % over 142 days) was higher than a theoretical maximum (4 %) predicted using published numerical simulation methods, assuming instantaneous biodegradation and a transverse dispersion coefficient obtained for the same pore structure without biomass present. This suggests that the presence of biomass enhances substrate mixing. Additional evidence for adaptation was provided by operation without R-2,4-DP, where degradation of 2,4-D slowly decreased over 20 days, but was restored almost immediately when R-2,4-DP was again provided. Compared to suspended growth systems, the micromodel system retained the ability to degrade 2,4-D longer in the absence of R-2,4-DP, suggesting slower responses and greater resilience to fluctuations in substrates might be expected in the soil environment than in a chemostat.
    Biodegradation 02/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To get insight in the biodegradation and potential read-across of fatty acid amides, N-[3-(dimethylamino)propyl] cocoamide and N-(1-ethylpiperazine) tall oil amide were used as model compounds. Two bacteria, Pseudomonas aeruginosa PK1 and Pseudomonas putida PK2 were isolated with N-[3-(dimethylamino)propyl] cocoamide and its hydrolysis product N,N-dimethyl-1,3-propanediamine, respectively. In mixed culture, both strains accomplished complete mineralization of N-[3-(dimethylamino)propyl] cocoamide. Aeromonas hydrophila PK3 was enriched with N-(1-ethylpiperazine) tall oil amide and subsequently isolated using agar plates containing dodecanoate. N-(2-Aminoethyl)piperazine, the hydrolysis product of N-(1-ethylpiperazine) tall oil amide, was not degraded. The aerobic biodegradation pathway for primary and secondary fatty acid amides of P. aeruginosa and A. hydrophila involved initial hydrolysis of the amide bond producing ammonium, or amines, where the fatty acids formed were immediately metabolized. Complete mineralization of secondary fatty acid amides depended on the biodegradability of the released amine. Tertiary fatty acid amides were not transformed by P. aeruginosa or A. hydrophila. These strains were able to utilize all tested primary and secondary fatty acid amides independent of the amine structure and fatty acid. Read-across of previous reported ready biodegradability results of primary and secondary fatty acid amides is justified based on the broad substrate specificity and the initial hydrolytic attack of the two isolates PK1 and PK3.
    Biodegradation 02/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Biofilm biodegradation was coupled with ultra-violet photolysis using the internal loop photobiodegradation reactor for degradation of quinoline. Three protocols-photolysis alone (P), biodegradation alone (B), and intimately coupled photolysis and biodegradation (P&B)-were used for degradation of quinoline in batch and continuous-flow experiments. For a 1,000 mg/L initial quinoline concentration, the volumetric removal rate for quinoline was 38 % higher with P&B than with B in batch experiments, and the P&B kinetics were the sum of kinetics from the P and B experiments. Continuous-flow experiments with an influent quinoline concentration of 1,000 mg/L also gave significantly greater quinoline removal in P&B, and the quinoline-removal kinetics for P&B were approximately equal to the sum of the removal kinetics for P and B. P&B similarly increased the rate and extent of quinoline mineralization, for which the kinetics for P&B were nearly equal to the sum of kinetics for P and B. These findings support that the rate-limiting step for mineralization was transformation of quinoline, which was accelerated by the simultaneous action of photolysis and biodegradation.
    Biodegradation 02/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Thermally-enhanced bioremediation is a promising treatment approach for petroleum contamination; however, studies examining temperature effects on anaerobic biodegradation in zones containing light non-aqueous phase liquids (LNAPLs) are lacking. Herein, laboratory microcosm studies were conducted for a former refinery to evaluate LNAPL transformation, sulfate reduction, and methane generation over a one-year period for temperatures ranging from 4 to 40 °C, and microbial community shifts were characterized. Temperatures of 22 and 30 °C significantly increased total biogas generation compared to lower (4 and 9 °C) and higher temperatures (35 and 40 °C; p < 0.1). Additionally, at 22 and 30 °C methane generation commenced ~6 months earlier than for 35 and 40 °C. Statistically significant biodegradation of benzene, toluene and xylenes was observed at elevated temperatures but not at lower temperatures (p < 0.1). Additionally, a novel differential chromatogram approach was developed to overcome challenges associated with resolving losses in complex mixtures of hydrocarbons, and application of this method revealed greater losses of hydrocarbons at 22 and 30 °C as compared to lower and higher temperatures. Finally, molecular biology assays revealed that the composition and activity of microbial communities shifted in a temperature-dependent manner. Collectively, results demonstrated that anaerobic biodegradation processes can be enhanced by increasing the temperature of LNAPL-containing soils, but biodegradation does not simply increase as temperature increases likely due to a lack of microorganisms that thrive at temperatures well above the historical high temperatures for a site. Rather, optimal degradation is achieved by holding soils at the high end of, or slightly higher than, their natural range.
    Biodegradation 01/2014;
  • Biodegradation 01/2014; 15:145-151.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effective components of the demulsifying bacterial strain Bacillus mojavensis XH-1 and its demulsification process. Sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) and the shotgun LC-MS/MS method were used to separate and identify proteins with efficient demulsification activity. The zeta potential changes of the emulsion before and after addition of the biodemulsifier were tested, and the relationships between oil-in-water interfacial tension, the demulsification efficiency and the biodemulsifier structure were examined. The study results indicate that the effective biodemulsifier components were extracellular proteins attached to the cells or secreted into the culture solution that presented as a 50-80 kDa band observed by SDS-PAGE. Six of the proteins were unknown or unnamed, and the demulsifying functions of another 14 proteins had not been previously reported. The main demulsification mechanisms were determined to be solubilization and replacement. When the concentration of the biodemulsifier was low, the replacement mechanism dominated, and the demulsification ratio increased with the biodemulsifier concentration. Solubilization dominated when a high concentration of biodemulsifier was provided, and the demulsification ratio decreased as the biodemulsifier concentration increased.
    Biodegradation 11/2013;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The impact of modified montmorillonites on adsorption and biodegradation of crude oil C1-phenanthrenes, C1-dibenzothiophenes, C2-phenanthrenes and C2-dibenzothiophenes was investigated in aqueous clay/oil microcosm experiments with a hydrocarbon degrading microorganism community. Consequently, the effect on C1-dibenzothiophenes/C1-phenanthrenes, C2-dibenzothiophenes/C2-phenanthrenes, 2+3-methyldibenzothiophene/4-methyldibenzothiophene and 1-methyldibenzothiophene/4-methyldibenzothiophene ratios commonly used as diagnostic ratios for oil forensic studies was evaluated. The clay mineral samples were treated to produce acid activated montmorillonite, organomontmorillonite and homoionic montmorillonite which were used in this study. The different clay minerals (modified and unmodified) showed varied degrees of biodegradation and adsorption of the C1-phenanthrenes, C1-dibenzothiophenes, C2-phenanthrenes and C2-dibenzothiophenes. The study indicated that as opposed to biodegradation, adsorption has no effect on the diagnostic ratios. Among the diagnostic ratios reviewed, only C2-dibenzothiophenes/C2-phenanthrenes ratio was neither affected by adsorption nor biodegradation making this ratio very useful in forensic studies of oil spills and oil-oil correlation.
    Biodegradation 11/2013;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In this study, the effects of electric field on the activity of anammox biomass were investigated. In batch mode, experimental results demonstrated that the nitrogen removal rate enhanced by 25.6 % compared with the control experiment at the electric field of 2 V/cm with application time of 20 min. However, continuous application (24 h) of electric field impacted a mal-effect on anammox biomass during the intensity between 1 and 4 V/cm. After the electric field was removed, the activity of anammox biomass could recover within 2 weeks. This implied that the mal-effect of electric field on anammox biomass was reversible. The decrease of heme c contents and crude enzyme activity demonstrated to be the main reason for the depress of the anammox biomass activity. Transmission electron microscope observation also proved the morphological change of anammox biomass under electric field.
    Biodegradation 11/2013;

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