Agriculture and Human Values (Agr Hum Val )

Publisher: Agriculture, Food, and Human Values Society, Springer Verlag

Description

Agriculture and Human Values is the official journal of the Agriculture Food and Human Values Society. Since World War II agricultural production systems and food consumption patterns have undergone astonishing changes. Agricultural research has expanded the productive capacity of the world's farms tremendously but this expansion has raised questions about the sustainability of modern practices about the criteria for judging risks and benefits of chemical and biological technologies about the poor's entitlement to food production and safety in developing countries and about who will farm in the future and how. The Agriculture Food and Human Values Society is an organization of professionals dedicated to an open and free discussion of these and other related issues and to an understanding of the values that underlie alternative visions of the food and agricultural systems. The journal seeks to create educational and scholarly junctures among the humanities the social sciences food and nutrition studies and the agricultural disciplines and to promote an ethical social and biological understanding of agriculture. Contributions on a broad range of topics relating to the main theme are welcome. They should be addressed to a general academic readership while maintaining high standards of scholarship. The journal publishes essays on normative issues in assessing conventional and alternative food production marketing distribution and consumption systems on the sociology of knowledge in the areas of agriculture nutrition and food systems on the application of science and technology studies to agriculture and food systems on the philosophy of the applied agricultural sciences on critical theory applied to agriculturally related topics on social economic and agricultural development theory and on other value issues related to production and consumption systems including topics on environmental values and on animal welfare. It also publishes book reviews and reports. From time to time the editors will invite guest editors to plan issues on special themes. Submissions are double-blind reviewed from at least two disciplinary perspectives and where relevant the editors seek review comments from philosophers and social scientists as well as from the disciplines represented by the authors.

  • Impact factor
    1.36
  • 5-year impact
    1.66
  • Cited half-life
    7.40
  • Immediacy index
    0.11
  • Eigenfactor
    0.00
  • Article influence
    0.56
  • Website
    Agriculture and Human Values website
  • ISSN
    1572-8366
  • OCLC
    67323270
  • Material type
    Internet resource
  • Document type
    Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Springer Verlag

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Author's pre-print on pre-print servers such as arXiv.org
    • Author's post-print on author's personal website immediately
    • Author's post-print on any open access repository after 12 months after publication
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Published source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Set phrase to accompany link to published version (see policy)
    • Articles in some journals can be made Open Access on payment of additional charge
  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This paper examines heterogeneous impacts of gendered household headship and control of resources on food security in rural Tanzania (as measured by a World Food Programme score based on quantity and quality of food consumed in the household over a 7 day period). Analysis with minimal attention to heterogeneity in gender considerations indicates no differences in household food security between male and female-headed households. But with a more differentiated household headship variable (reflecting heterogeneity in household composition) and accounting for gendered differences in resource ownership, the results differ markedly. Using more gender-disaggregated variables, our results show significant differences between female-headed and male-headed households. In these results we find support for the claim that gender norms in the study villages often restrict women’s access to resources, resulting in more vulnerable female-headed households. Female-headed households with no male adults present are particularly vulnerable. The study also points to specific opportunities for enhanced food security with attention to female and joint ownership of livestock. These results represent a hopeful sign that efforts to enhance female livestock ownership could be a useful strategy to address lower levels of food consumption in these Tanzanian villages.
    Agriculture and Human Values 01/2015;
  • Agriculture and Human Values 06/2013; 30(2):247-258.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Upland Japan suffers from extreme depopula- tion, aging, and loss of agricultural, economic, and social viability. In addition, the absence of a successor generation in many marginalized hamlets endangers the continuation of local knowledge associated with upland agricultural livelihoods and severely limits the prospects of rural revi- talization and development. Resettlement by incomer organic farmers represents an opportunity to both pass on valuable local knowledge and rejuvenate local society. Survey and interview data are used to explore the knowl- edge dynamics at play in upland Japan between local and incomer organic farmers. Using a ‘‘knowledge culture’’ framework, socio-cultural and symbolic barriers and spatial conditions limiting local knowledge exchange are identi- fied and analyzed. Despite a number of reasons to suggest affinity and natural alignment toward knowledge sharing, each group’s ideas of ‘‘legitimate knowledge’’ and acceptable behavior have contested the field of communi- cation and confused the negotiation process. Building on previous studies of farmer’s knowledge networks, exam- ples in this study suggest that negotiation between knowledge cultures can be facilitated by both active means and intrinsic factors, and be derailed because of physical and temporal symbolic references. The degree to which locals and incomers collaborate and identify with each other as stakeholders with a common future may determine the extent to which local knowledge, especially local knowledge from past agricultural regimes, can play a role within upland endogenous development.
    Agriculture and Human Values 09/2012; 29(3):393-412.
  • Agriculture and Human Values 01/2012; 29(2):259-273.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: ABSTRACT: This article analyzes learning in context through the prism of a sustainable dairy-farming project. The research was performed within a nutrient management project that involved the participation of farmers and scientists. Differences between heterogeneous forms of farmers knowledge and scientific knowledge were discursively constructed during conflict and subsequent alignment over the validity and relevance of knowledge. Both conflict and alignment appeared to be essential for learning in context. Conflict spurred learning when disagreeing groups of actors developed their knowledge in order to strengthen their arguments. Conflict caused self-referentiality when the actors no longer listened to each other. This inhibited self-reflection, thus blocking ongoing learning. Nevertheless, after a period of alignment, scientific models and knowledge of farmers were reevaluated and recontextualized. Through determining how to use scientific models and farmers knowledge for further learning, aimed at a shared goal, the participating actors also learned how to learn.
    Agriculture and Human Values 01/2005; 22(2):137-148.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Rice crop diversity has decreased dramatically in the recent past. Understanding the causes that underlie the evident genetic erosion is critical for the food security of subsistence rice farmers and biodiversity. Our study shows that farmers in the northeastern Philippines had a marked reduction in rice diversity from 1996 to 1998. The ultimate causes were a drought resulting from the El Niño phenomenon in 1997 and flooding due to two successive typhoons in 1998. The proximate causes, however, included local water control factors, limitations in the household and village-level seed infrastructure, farm location in relation to the goods and services necessary to obtain seeds, policies and programs of the Department of Agriculture, and the characteristics of the rice varieties themselves. The implications of our study are that genetic erosion is not always the result of purposeful acts by farmers nor is it necessarily gradual. Improving on-farm seed technology will stabilize the seed production, distribution, and use system and thereby enhance household food security. Ultimately, rice diversity will be improved only if diversity is a safe and viable option for farmers. Therefore, public policy that supports farmers who maintain a diverse set of cultivars is critical for any on-farm conservation strategy.
    Agriculture and Human Values 01/2002; 19(2):133-149.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Nearly all contemporary people subsist on cultivated plants, most of which are vulnerable to diseases. Yet, there have been few studies of what traditional people know – and do not know – about crop disease. Agricultural scientists in general are becoming aware of the potential contribution of social scientists and farmers in developing integrated management of crop diseases. The International Potato Center (CIP) has focused on stimulating farmer-scientist collaboration in developing management of late blight, a major fungal disease of potatoes and other plants. Understanding farmers' knowledge of this and other plant diseases is an important element in furthering such collaboration. Although not all agricultural scientists recognize the value of social science, this literature search shows that some agricultural scientists now actively collaborate with farmers, in ways that cross the boundary into social science research. During this search, much of the work we found was written by plant pathologists and entomologists. We found over fifty publications on farmer knowledge of crop disease, and we have annotated the material that we thought most relevant to farmer- scientist collaboration for research of crop diseases, especially late blight.
    Agriculture and Human Values 01/1999; 16:75-81.
  • Agriculture and Human Values 01/1994; 11:178-182.