# Journal of Polymers and the Environment (J POLYM ENVIRON)

Publisher: Springer Verlag

## Journal description

The Journal of Polymers and the Environment fills the need for an international forum in this diverse and rapidly expanding field. The journal serves a crucial role for the publication of information from a wide range of disciplines and is a central outlet for the publication of high-quality peer-reviewed original papers review articles and short communications. The journal is intentionally interdisciplinary in regard to contributions and covers the following subjects - polymers environmentally degradable polymers and degradation pathways: biological photochemical oxidative and hydrolytic; new environmental materials: derived by chemical and biosynthetic routes; environmental blends and composites; developments in processing and reactive processing of environmental polymers; characterization of environmental materials: mechanical physical thermal rheological morphological and others; recyclable polymers and plastics recycling environmental testing: in-laboratory simulations outdoor exposures and standardization of methodologies; environmental fate: end products and intermediates of biodegradation; microbiology and enzymology of polymer biodegradation; solid-waste management and public legislation specific to environmental polymers; and other related topics.

## Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2016 1.671 1.628 1.495 1.349 1.507 1.571 1.129 1.099 1.243 1.278 1.591 0.452 0.196 0.158

## Impact factor over time

Impact factor
.
Year

5-year impact 2.06 6.30 0.19 0.00 0.42 Journal of Polymers and the Environment website Journal of polymers and the environment (Online) 1566-2543 45848804 Document, Periodical, Internet resource Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

## Publisher details

• Pre-print
• Author can archive a pre-print version
• Post-print
• Author can archive a post-print version
• Conditions
• Author's pre-print on pre-print servers such as arXiv.org
• Author's post-print on author's personal website immediately
• Author's post-print on any open access repository after 12 months after publication
• Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
• Published source must be acknowledged
• Must link to publisher version
• Set phrase to accompany link to published version (see policy)
• Articles in some journals can be made Open Access on payment of additional charge
• Classification
​ green

## Publications in this journal

• ##### Article: Tensile Properties of Polylactide/Poly(ethylene glycol) Blends
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ABSTRACT: The blends of polylactide (PLA) and poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) with different contents (0, 5, 10, 15, and 20 wt%) and molecular weights ( $$\overline{M}_{w}$$ 6000, 10,000 and 20,000, called respectively as PEG 6000, PEG 10,000, and PEG 20,000) were prepared by means of melt blending method. The effects of tensile speed, content and molecular weight of the PEG on the tensile properties of the PLA/PEG blends were investigated using a universal testing machine at 24 °C. With increasing tensile speed, the tensile modulus, strength and stress at break of the PLA/PEG blends marginally increased, while the tensile modulus and stress at break declined non-linearly, and the tensile strength dropped nearly linearly with increasing PEG 10,000 content. When the PEG 10,000 content was 5-15 wt%, the tensile strain at break of the PLA/PEG 10,000 blend markedly increased, and then decreased as the PEG 10,000 content exceeded 15 wt%. With increasing the molecular weight of PEG, tensile modulus and strength increased, whereas the tensile strain at break decreased. This showed that the application of right amount of lower molecular weight PEG was more conducive to improving the tensile toughness of the PLA/PEG blends, which was attributed to its better miscibility with PLA and increased mobility of PLA molecular chains.
Journal of Polymers and the Environment 09/2015; 23(3). DOI:10.1007/s10924-015-0718-7
• ##### Article: New Polyacrylamide [PAM] Material Formulations for the Coagulation/Flocculation/Decantation Process
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ABSTRACT: A new copolymers, high molecular weight poly(acrylamide) [AM2A0.01W20] and [AM1A0.1W20] were synthesized by radical adiabatic copolymerization in aqueous solution. The [AM2A0.01W20] copolymer was hydrolysed in basic medium by using sodium hydroxide solution and leads to a new hydrolysed poly(acrylamide) [AM3A0.01W20-H]. The structure and composition of the copolymers were established by 1H NMR, IRTF and conductivity. The molecular weights are obtained by size exclusion chromatography [SEC] and by viscosity. The variation of the reduced viscosity of aqueous copolymer solutions with copolymer concentration revealed a strong viscosity values showing very high [PAM] molecular weights. In the present work, several copolymer formulations are tested by the process of Coagulation/Flocculation/Decantation with a Jar-test, using a 30 mg L−1 clay suspension. The optimization process shows that the copolymers present different flocculation efficiencies. The copolymers with the best performances were tested on a semi-industrial experimental pilot for the Coagulation/Flocculation/Decantation process. Good Flocculation yield superior than 70 % are observed for the [AM3A0.01W20-H] with high molecular weight. Keywords High weight poly(acrylamide) [PAM] Hydrolysed poly(acrylamide) [H-PAM] Coagulation Flocculation Turbidity and viscosity
Journal of Polymers and the Environment 09/2015;
• ##### Article: Preparation of Chitin Nanofiber-Reinforced Cellulose Films Through Stepwise Regenerations from Individually Prepared Ion Gels
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ABSTRACT: In this study, we investigated the preparation of chitin nanofiber (CNF)-reinforced cellulose films through stepwise regeneration procedures from the respective ion gels with ionic liquids. Self-assembled CNF dispersions were prepared by regeneration from the chitin ion gel with the ionic liquid, 1-allyl-3-methylimidazolium bromide, using methanol, followed by dilution with adjusted amounts of methanol. Cellulose ion gels with the ionic liquid, 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride, were then prepared, soaked in the CNF dispersions, and centrifuged to simultaneously occur regeneration of cellulose and compatibilization with the CNFs. Soxhlet extraction with methanol and subsequent drying of the resulting materials gave the CNF/cellulose composite films. The IR and SEM results of the films indicated the presence of CNFs not only on the surfaces of the films but also inside the films. Powder X-ray diffraction patterns showed the amorphous structure of the cellulose in the film. Tensile testing of the films suggested the reinforcing effect of the CNFs on the mechanical properties of the films.
Journal of Polymers and the Environment 09/2015; 23(3). DOI:10.1007/s10924-015-0723-x
• ##### Article: Preparation, Characterisation, and Controlled-Release of Biodegradable Polyester and Marine-Algae Composite
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ABSTRACT: A composite material composed of maleic anhydride-grafted polycaprolactone (PCL-g-MA) and treated (cross-linked) marine algae powder (TMAP) was used to fabricate bacteria-encapsulated film bag (BEFB) material. The biodegradability of the composite was evaluated with regard to the controlled release of encapsulated bacteria. PCL and PCL-g-MA composite film bags were also assessed. Human lung fibroblasts were seeded onto two series of these composites to assess biocompatibility. The water resistance of PCL-g-MA/TMAP was greater than that of PCL/MAP, although the weight loss of both materials after burial in compost containing Burkholderia cepacia BCRC 14253 indicated comparable biodegradability, especially at high levels of MAP or TMAP substitution. After 120 days, the weight loss of the PCL-g-MA/TMAP (20 wt%) composite was greater than 50 %. PCL/MAP exhibited a weight loss of approximately 4-11 wt% more than PCL-g-MA/TMAP. The complete degradation of PCL, PCL-g-MA, and their composite film bags resulted in the release of encapsulated bacterial cells. These results demonstrate that the controlled release of BEFBs to enhance fertiliser utilisation is achievable.
Journal of Polymers and the Environment 09/2015; 23(3). DOI:10.1007/s10924-015-0712-0
• ##### Article: Effect of Irradiation on the Biodegradation of Cellophane Films
Journal of Polymers and the Environment 08/2015; DOI:10.1007/s10924-015-0740-9
• ##### Article: Non-Toxic Crosslinking of Starch Using Polycarboxylic Acids: Kinetic Study and Quantitative Correlation of Mechanical Properties and Crosslinking Degrees
Journal of Polymers and the Environment 08/2015; DOI:10.1007/s10924-015-0738-3
• ##### Article: Thermal Composites of Biobased Polyamide with Boron Nitride Micro Networks
Journal of Polymers and the Environment 08/2015; DOI:10.1007/s10924-015-0733-8
• ##### Article: Biosynthetic Process and Characterization of Poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate)-block-poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) by R. eutropha
Journal of Polymers and the Environment 08/2015; DOI:10.1007/s10924-015-0735-6
• ##### Article: Identification and Measurement of Intermolecular Interaction in Polyester/Polystyrene Blends by FTIR-Photoacoustic Spectrometry
Journal of Polymers and the Environment 07/2015; DOI:10.1007/s10924-015-0731-x
• ##### Article: Structure and Thermal Properties of Polyurethanes Synthesized from Cardanol Diol
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ABSTRACT: Amorphous polyurethanes (PUs) were prepared from isophorone diisocyanate and various diols based on ethylene glycol, containing phenol (PD), hydrogenated cardanol (HCD) and cardanol (CD) as side groups. The influence of side groups on thermal and thermo-oxidative stability was studied by thermogravimetric analysis and differential scanning calorimetry. The finding revealed that pendent C15 alkyl side groups of HCD-PU and CD-PU improved thermal stability of PUs. The possible crosslinks of olefinic side groups enhanced both thermal and thermo-oxidative stability of CD-PU. Both EG-PU and CD-PU exhibited good oxidative resistance. The glass transition temperature arranged in the order of EG-PU > PD-PU > HCD-PU > CD-PU. Cardanol molecules on PU backbones acted as an internal plasticizer and elevated the flexibility of PUs.
Journal of Polymers and the Environment 06/2015; 23(2). DOI:10.1007/s10924-014-0707-2
• ##### Article: Molecular Dynamics Simulations and Hygrothermal Aging of Polyurea–POSS Nanocomposites
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ABSTRACT: The long-term performance of any novel material in its working environment is an intriguing area of research. The combined effect of the moisture content (relative humidity) and temperature of the environment degrades the mechanical properties of polymer composites. In the first part of this manuscript, polyurea-polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS) nanocomposites are subjected to continuous hygrothermal cycling. The effects of prolonged hygrothermal aging on the mechanical performance of the composites are evaluated in terms of the change in tensile strength and elongation at failure. Aged composites are subjected to FTIR spectroscopy to study the chemical changes resulting from the hydrolysis of polyurea. In the second part, attempts are made to study the effect of the addition of POSS nanoreinforcement on the mechanical properties of the resulting composite materials using molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. Results obtained here show poor agreement between MD simulation results and results obtained using dynamic mechanical analysis studies. However, qualitatively, both simulation and experimental results exhibit similar effects due to addition of POSS nanoparticles on the mechanical properties of polyurea-POSS nanocomposites.
Journal of Polymers and the Environment 06/2015; 23(2). DOI:10.1007/s10924-015-0710-2
• ##### Article: Effect of Common Chemical Treatments on the Process Kinetics and Mechanical Properties of Flax/Epoxy Composites Manufactured by Resin Infusion
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ABSTRACT: Chemical treatments are widely employed to improve the fiber-matrix adhesion in composites based on eco-friendly fibers such as flax. To better understand the influence of these treatments on processing behavior, this study characterized the surface chemistry and morphology of woven flax fabrics treated by acetone, alkaline, silane and diluted epoxy. Flax/epoxy composites were then manufactured by resin infusion and the flow front and preform thickness evolution was monitored. The alkaline treatment was shown to result in a 50 % increase in equivalent permeability due to an increase in porosity which led to a decrease in flexural properties. The processing results were found to be in good agreement with predictions of a 1-dimensional model. This study suggests that infusion times are not considerably affected by the observed changes in surface energy. However, other implications of the treatments such as an increase in fibrillation can alter the infusion times significantly.
Journal of Polymers and the Environment 06/2015; 23(2). DOI:10.1007/s10924-015-0709-8
• ##### Article: Keratin Extracted from Chicken Feather Waste: Extraction, Preparation, and Structural Characterization of the Keratin and Keratin/Biopolymer Films and Electrospuns
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ABSTRACT: In this work, keratin was extracted from chicken feather waste via an environment-friendly method, sulphitolysis method, by using various sodium metabisulphite contents (0.0-0.5 M). Percentage yield and molecular weight of the extracted keratin were characterized by gravimetry and gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE), respectively. It was found that the yield increased, with the increase of sodium meta-bisulphite content, to the maximum value of 87.6 % yield, by using sodium meta-bisulphite content at 0.2 M. Molecular weight range of the product also decreased with the increase of the sodium meta-bisulphite content. The extracted keratin, with highest molecular weight ranged between 12 and 20 kDa, was further used for fabricating into fibers by using the electrospinning process. It was found that pure keratin solution could not be electrospun into fiber. However, by blending keratin with more than 10 wt% PLA, the fibers can be prepared. Results from FTIR and DSC also reveal that the crystal structure of the keratin changed from the β-sheet structure (rigid and small displacement characteristic) to the α-helix structure (elastic and large displacement characteristic) after keratin/PLA blends (10-50 wt% keratin) were prepared by the electrospinning method.
Journal of Polymers and the Environment 04/2015; DOI:10.1007/s10924-015-0725-8