Molecular Neurobiology (MOL NEUROBIOL)

Publisher: Humana Press, Humana Press

Journal description

As one of the premier review journals in the neurosciences, Molecular Neurobiology is specifically designed to synthesize and critically assess research trends in experimental and clinical neuroscience at the molecular level. Its distinguished editorial board is comprised of four Nobelists and other preeminent neuroscientists who carefully review papers to ensure their high quality.

Current impact factor: 5.14

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2016
2014 Impact Factor 5.137
2013 Impact Factor 5.286
2012 Impact Factor 5.471
2011 Impact Factor 5.735
2010 Impact Factor 6.068
2009 Impact Factor 4.735
2008 Impact Factor 3.025
2007 Impact Factor 4.067
2006 Impact Factor 3.762
2005 Impact Factor 4.311
2004 Impact Factor 4.373
2003 Impact Factor 4.516
2002 Impact Factor 2.095
2001 Impact Factor 2.4
2000 Impact Factor 4.382
1999 Impact Factor 5.623
1998 Impact Factor 4.388
1997 Impact Factor 3.483

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 5.46
Cited half-life 4.00
Immediacy index 1.21
Eigenfactor 0.01
Article influence 1.51
Website Molecular Neurobiology website
Other titles Molecular neurobiology
ISSN 1559-1182
OCLC 15640289
Material type Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Journal / Magazine / Newspaper, Internet Resource

Publisher details

Humana Press

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Authors own final version only can be archived
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • On author's personal website immediately
    • On any open access repository after 12 months from publication
    • Published source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Set phrase to accompany link to published version: The original publication is available at
    • Articles in some journals can be made Open Access on payment of additional charge
    • 'Humana Press' is an imprint of 'Springer Verlag (Germany)'
  • Classification

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Stroke is the leading cause of severe disability, and lacunar stroke is related to cognitive decline and hemiparesis. There is no effective treatment for the majority of patients with stroke. Thus, stem cell-based regenerative medicine has drawn a growing body of attention due to the capabilities for trophic factor expression and neurogenesis enhancement. Moreover, it was shown in an experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) model that even short-lived stem cells can be therapeutic, and we have previously observed that phenomenon indirectly. Here, in a rat model of lacunar stroke, we investigated the molecular mechanisms underlying the positive therapeutic effects of short-lived human umbilical cord-blood-derived neural stem cells (HUCB-NSCs) through the distinct measurement of exogenous human and endogenous rat trophic factors. We have also evaluated neurogenesis and metalloproteinase activity as cellular components of therapeutic activity. As expected, we observed an increased proliferation and migration of progenitors, as well as metalloproteinase activity up to 14 days post transplantation. These changes were most prominent at the 7-day time point when we observed 30 % increases in the number of bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU)-positive cells in HUCB-NSC transplanted animals. The expression of human trophic factors was present until 7 days post transplantation, which correlated well with the survival of the human graft. For these 7 days, the level of messenger RNA (mRNA) in the analyzed trophic factors was from 300-fold for CNTF to 10,000-fold for IGF, much higher compared to constitutive expression in HUCB-NSCs in vitro. What is interesting is that there was no increase in the expression of rat trophic factors during the human graft survival, compared to that in non-transplanted animals. However, there was a prolongation of a period of increased trophic expression until 14 days post transplantation, while, in non-transplanted animals, there was a significant drop in rat trophic expression at that time point. We conclude that the positive therapeutic effect of short-lived stem cells may be related to the net increase in the amount of trophic factors (rat + human) until graft death and to the prolonged increase in rat trophic factor expression subsequently.
    Molecular Neurobiology 11/2015; DOI:10.1007/s12035-015-9530-6
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    ABSTRACT: We investigated the effects of an acute intrastriatal QUIN administration on cellular redox and bioenergetics homeostasis, as well as on important signaling pathways in the striatum of wild-type (Gcdh (+/+) , WT) and knockout mice for glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase (Gcdh (-/-) ) fed a high lysine (Lys, 4.7 %) chow. QUIN increased lactate release in both Gcdh (+/+) and Gcdh (-/-) mice and reduced the activities of complex IV and creatine kinase only in the striatum of Gcdh (-/-) mice. QUIN also induced lipid and protein oxidative damage and increased the generation of reactive nitrogen species, as well as the activities of the antioxidant enzymes glutathione peroxidase, superoxide dismutase 2, and glutathione-S-transferase in WT and Gcdh (-/-) animals. Furthermore, QUIN induced DCFH oxidation (reactive oxygen species production) and reduced GSH concentrations (antioxidant defenses) in Gcdh (-/-) . An early increase of Akt and phospho-Erk 1/2 in the cytosol and Nrf2 in the nucleus was also observed, as well as a decrease of cytosolic Keap1caused by QUIN, indicating activation of the Nrf2 pathway mediated by Akt and phospho-Erk 1/2, possibly as a compensatory protective mechanism against the ongoing QUIN-induced toxicity. Finally, QUIN increased NF-κB and diminished IκBα expression, evidencing a pro-inflammatory response. Our data show a disruption of energy and redox homeostasis associated to inflammation induced by QUIN in the striatum of Gcdh (-/-) mice submitted to a high Lys diet. Therefore, it is presumed that QUIN may possibly contribute to the pathophysiology of striatal degeneration in children with glutaric aciduria type I during inflammatory processes triggered by infections or vaccinations.
    Molecular Neurobiology 11/2015; DOI:10.1007/s12035-015-9548-9
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    ABSTRACT: Cerebral ischemic stroke is a major public health problem leading to high mortality rates and disability in adults. The NMDA receptor (NMDAR)/neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS)/NO-dependent excitotoxicity has been recognized to play an important role in cerebral ischemic stroke pathogenesis. Accumulating evidence suggests that the biological function of nNOS is associated with its ability to couple proteins and its subcellular localization. Previously, we and others determined that nNOS could translocate into the nucleus in cultured astrocytes, but the underlying mechanisms and biological significance remained unclear. In the present study, we identified a specific interaction between nNOS and Sox2 (SRY (sex determining region Y)-box 2), a member of the Sox family of transcription factors, both in vivo and in vitro. Our studies showed that nNOS is transported into the nucleus and interacted with Sox2 to form a nNOS-Sox2 complex in neurons at the early stage following glutamate stimulation. Mechanistically, via activating the transcription of Shh (Sonic hedgehog), the downstream target of Sox2, this nNOS-Sox2 complex exerted a neuroprotective function against glutamate-induced excitotoxicity. Utilizing the MCAO focal ischemia model on rats, we further verified that the 'nNOS-Sox2-Shh' axis was involved in the ischemic neuronal injury. Taken together, our studies revealed that the 'nNOS-Sox2-Shh' axis functions as a novel feedback compensatory mechanism to protect neurons against the early excitotoxicity and ischemic injury.
    Molecular Neurobiology 11/2015; DOI:10.1007/s12035-015-9545-z
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    ABSTRACT: The prognostic factors associated with the survival of glioma patients have not been well established. Loss of heterozygosity (LOH) of 9p was known to be a typical molecular signature of gliomas, but it was still unclear whether LOH of 9p was associated with poorer survival in patients with gliomas. We searched PubMed and Embase databases from the earliest records to May 2015 to identify studies that met the inclusion criteria. Either a fixed- or a random-effects model was used to calculate the pooled hazard ratio (HR) according to the between-study heterogeneity. Thirteen eligible studies involving 1465 cases of gliomas were included in the meta-analysis. There was little between-study heterogeneity (I (2) = 15 %), and the fixed-effects model was used to calculate the pooled HR. Meta-analysis of total 13 studies showed that LOH of 9p was significantly associated with poorer prognosis of glioma patients (HR = 1.39, 95%CI 1.17-1.64, P = 0.0002). Meta-analysis of eight studies reporting adjusted estimates showed that LOH of 9p was independently associated with poorer prognosis of glioma patients (HR = 1.40, 95%CI 1.14-1.72, P = 0.001). Subgroup analysis by types of gliomas showed that LOH of 9p was significantly associated with poorer prognosis in patients with glioblastoma (HR = 1.34, 95%CI 1.01-1.78, P = 0.04). There was no obvious risk of publication bias shown in the funnel plot. LOH of 9p is significantly associated with poorer prognosis of glioma patients, which is a useful biomarker in predicting patients' survival.
    Molecular Neurobiology 11/2015; DOI:10.1007/s12035-015-9523-5
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    ABSTRACT: MicroRNA-124 (miR-124), a brain-specific miRNA molecule, has been implicated in stimulating neurite outgrowth and elongation during neuronal differentiation. However, the direct target genes and the mechanisms of miR-124-induced neurite outgrowth are poorly understood. In this study, we demonstrated that miR-124 directly targeted and downregulated the endogenous expression of oxysterol-binding protein (OSBP). A previous study found that the expression of miR-124 increased during brain development. In the present study, we demonstrated that the expression of OSBP decreased during the development of the C57BL/6 mouse cortex, which was negatively correlated with miR-124 expression. OSBP knockdown using specific shRNAs promoted neurite outgrowth and elongation in both Neuro-2a cells and primary cultured mouse cortical neurons. Conversely, OSBP overexpression strongly repressed the neurite elongation-enhancing effect of miR-124 in Neuro-2a cells. Our results suggested that OSBP may be a target and downstream effector of miR-124 for regulating neurite outgrowth and elongation.
    Molecular Neurobiology 11/2015; DOI:10.1007/s12035-015-9540-4
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    ABSTRACT: Mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) are expressed in postmitotic neurons and act as important regulators in intracellular signaling. In addition to their nuclear distribution and roles in regulating gene expression, MAPKs, especially the extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) subclass, reside in peripheral dendritic spines and synapses, including the postsynaptic density (PSD) microdomain. This peripheral pool of MAPKs/ERKs is either constitutively active or sensitive to changing synaptic input. Active MAPKs directly interact with and phosphorylate local substrates to alter their trafficking and subcellular/subsynaptic distributions, through which MAPKs regulate function of substrates and contribute to long-lasting synaptic plasticity. A number of physiologically relevant substrates of MAPKs have been identified at synaptic sites. Central among them are key synaptic scaffold proteins (PSD-95 and PSD-93), cadherin-associated proteins (δ-catenin), Kv4.2 K(+) channels, and metabotropic glutamate receptors. Through a reversible phosphorylation event, MAPKs rapidly and efficiently modulate the function of these substrates and thus determine the strength of synaptic transmission. This review summarizes the recent progress in cell biology of synaptic MAPKs and analyzes roles of this specific pool of MAPKs in regulating local substrates and synaptic plasticity.
    Molecular Neurobiology 11/2015; DOI:10.1007/s12035-015-9535-1
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    ABSTRACT: Mutations in Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase (SOD1) cause autosomal dominant amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), a devastating neurodegenerative disease with no effective treatment. Despite ample evidence indicating involvement of mutation-induced SOD1 protein misfolding and aggregation in ALS pathogenesis, the molecular mechanisms that control cellular management of misfolded, aggregation-prone SOD1 mutant proteins remain unclear. Here, we report that parkin, an E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase which is linked to Parkinson's disease, is a novel regulator of cellular defense against toxicity induced by ALS-associated SOD1 mutant proteins. We find that parkin mediates K63-linked polyubiquitination of SOD1 mutants in cooperation with the UbcH13/Uev1a E2 enzyme and promotes degradation of these misfolded SOD1 proteins by the autophagy-lysosome system. In response to strong proteotoxic stress associated with proteasome impairment, parkin promotes sequestration of misfolded and aggregated SOD1 proteins to form perinuclear aggresomes, regulates positioning of lysosomes around misfolded SOD1 aggresomes, and facilitates aggresome clearance by autophagy. Our findings reveal parkin-mediated cytoprotective mechanisms against misfolded SOD1 toxicity and suggest that enhancing parkin-mediated cytoprotection may provide a novel therapeutic strategy for treating ALS.
    Molecular Neurobiology 11/2015; DOI:10.1007/s12035-015-9537-z
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    ABSTRACT: The expression of matrix metalloproteinase-13 (MMP-13) has been shown to be elevated in some pathophysiological conditions and is involved in the degradation of extracellular matrix in astrocytes. In current study, the function of MMP-13 was further investigated. The conditioned medium (CM) collected from activated microglia increased interleukin (IL)-18 production and enhanced MMP-13 expression in astrocytes. Furthermore, treatment with recombinant IL-18 increased MMP-13 protein and mRNA levels in astrocytes. Recombinant IL-18 stimulation also increased the enzymatic activity of MMP-13 and the migratory activity of astrocytes, while administration of MMP-13 or pan-MMP inhibitors antagonized IL-18-induced migratory activity of astrocytes. In addition, administration of recombinant IL-18 to astrocytes led to the phosphorylation of JNK, Akt, or PKCδ, and treatment of astrocytes with JNK, PI3 kinase/Akt, or PKCδ inhibitors significantly decreased the IL-18-induced migratory activity. Taken together, the results suggest that IL-18-induced MMP-13 expression in astrocytes is regulated by JNK, PI3 kinase/Akt, and PKCδ signaling pathways. These findings also indicate that IL-18 is an important regulator leading to MMP-13 expression and cell migration in astrocytes.
    Molecular Neurobiology 11/2015; DOI:10.1007/s12035-015-9529-z
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    ABSTRACT: Proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) is reported as a famous marker in various tumors. A couple of articles have been published about the clinical function of PCNA on cancer progression; however, these results are conflicting in some degree. Thus, it is crucial to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis to identify their real actions. Here, we took cervical cancer and glioma as example and then pooled hazard ratios (HRs) or odds ratios (ORs) with 95 % confidence intervals (95 % CIs). In the present study, the PCNA expression in cervical cancer and gliomas patients was both correlated with 5-year-overall survival (OS) (HR = 4.41, 95 % CI 2.71-7.17, p = 0.000; HR = 4.40, 95 % CI 3.00-6.47, p = 0.000; respectively). In addition, a fixed effect model revealed a significant association between PCNA and FIGO stage (OR = 4.48, 95 % CI 3.48-5.77, p = 0.000) or WHO grade (OR = 5.64, 95 % CI 4.15-7.68, p = 0.000), rather than age (OR = 1.01, 95 % CI 0.71-1.43, p = 0.957; OR = 1.00, 95 % CI 0.80-1.24, p = 0.989; respectively). No heterogeneity was observed across all studies. According to funnel plot, no publication bias was reported. In conclusion, our systematic review suggests that PCNA expression is significantly associated with poor 5-year survival, advanced stage or higher WHO grade, which might be suggested as a useful prognostic and diagnostic biomarker, or an effective therapy target in cervical cancer, gliomas, or even more cancers.
    Molecular Neurobiology 11/2015; DOI:10.1007/s12035-015-9525-3
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    ABSTRACT: c-Jun N-terminal kinases (JNKs), which belong to a mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) family, are involved in the regulation of several physiological functions in mammals and act as mediators of apoptosis, obesity, and memory storage in the brain, including the processes of neuronal de- and regeneration. JNK subfamily is encoded by three separate but related genes: jnk1, jnk2, and jnk3, giving rise to at least ten distinct splice variants of the JNK proteins. JNK3 is thought to be a major contributor to neurodegeneration in mammalian brain. The role of JNK1 in the pathological processes affecting cognitive function, especially in diseases such as Alzheimer's disease (AD), is less clear. In order to evaluate the effects of JNK1 deficiency in an experimental model of familial Alzheimer's disease, double transgenic APPswe/PS1dE9 mice were crossed with the JNK1 heterozygous deficient animals (jnk1+/-). As expected, a ∼50 % reduction in JNK1 protein levels was observed in the hippocampi of 9-month-old APPswe/PS1dE9/jnk1+/- mice, compared with the APPswe/PS1dE9 group. JNK1 deficiency resulted in reduced BACE1 expression, suggesting alterations in amyloidogenic pathway. However, no significant inter-group differences in the total number of β-amyloid plaques were observed in the hippocampal region. In addition, protein levels of PPAR gamma coactivator-1α (PGC-1α), a molecule involved in mitochondrial biogenesis and energy homeostasis, were decreased in 9-month-old APPswe/PS1dE9 mice but not in APPswe/PS1dE9/jnk1+/- animals. Furthermore, JNK1 deficiency did not have an effect on pro-inflammatory marker expression in the hippocampus. Heterozygous deficiency of JNK1 results in the decrease of BACE1 protein levels, which is not accompanied by the reduction in the total number of β-amyloid plaques in the hippocampi of APPswe/PS1dE9 mice. Moreover, PGC-1α expression is restored in APPswe/PS1dE9/jnk1+/- animals, which indicates a possible role of JNK1 in brain mitochondrial regulation. Nevertheless, our results suggest that partial inhibition of JNK1 is not sufficient to prevent the neuropathological processes in this model. It may be necessary to inhibit both the JNK1 and JNK3 simultaneously, especially as previous studies suggest that JNK3 contributes to AD neuropathology.
    Molecular Neurobiology 11/2015; DOI:10.1007/s12035-015-9522-6
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    ABSTRACT: Alterations of brain iron levels have been observed in a number of neurodegenerative disorders. We have previously demonstrated that iron overload in the neonatal period results in severe and persistent memory deficits in the adulthood. Protein degradation mediated by the ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) plays a central regulatory role in several cellular processes. Impairment of the UPS has been implicated in the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative disorders. Here, we examined the effects of iron exposure in the neonatal period (12th-14th day of postnatal life) on the expression of proteasome β-1, β-2, and β-5 subunits, and ubiquitinated proteins in brains of 15-day-old rats, to evaluate the immediate effect of the treatment, and in adulthood to assess long-lasting effects. Two different memory types, emotionally motivated conditioning and object recognition were assessed in adult animals. We found that iron administered in the neonatal period impairs both emotionally motivated and recognition memory. Polyubiquitinated protein levels were increased in the hippocampus, but not in the cortex, of adult animals treated with iron. Gene expression of subunits β1 and β5 was affected by age, being higher in the early stages of development in the hippocampus, accompanied by an age-related increase in polyubiquitinated protein levels in adults. In the cortex, gene expression of the three proteasome subunits was significantly higher in adulthood than in the neonatal period. These findings suggest that expression of proteasome subunits and activity are age-dependently regulated. Iron exposure in the neonatal period produces long-lasting harmful effects on the UPS functioning, which may be related with iron-induced memory impairment.
    Molecular Neurobiology 11/2015; DOI:10.1007/s12035-015-9514-6
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    ABSTRACT: Carnosic acid (CA) and carnosol are the major diterpenes found in Rosmarinus officinalis (rosemary), a culinary spice. CA and carnosol account for over 90 % of its anti-oxidant activity in rosemary leaves. The diterpenes exert anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-carcinogenic activities, and present neuroprotective effects in both in vitro and in vivo experimental models. In some cases, CA exerted protective effects upon neuronal cells more intensely than resveratrol or sulforaphane. Therefore, CA and carnosol demonstrate a potential pharmacological role for rosemary diterpenes in ameliorating mammalian brain redox status, among other parameters, as for instance the modulation of neuroinflammation. The aim of this review is to discuss the biological effects of CA and carnosol on neuronal and glial cells with focus on the mechanism of action of such diterpenes.
    Molecular Neurobiology 11/2015; DOI:10.1007/s12035-015-9519-1