Library Trends

Publisher: University of Illinois (Urbana-Champaign campus). Library School; University of Illinois (Urbana-Champaign campus). Graduate School of Library Science; University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Graduate School of Library Science; University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Graduate School of Library and Information Science, Johns Hopkins University Press

Journal description

Current impact factor: 0.39

Impact Factor Rankings

Additional details

5-year impact 0.57
Cited half-life 9.20
Immediacy index 0.07
Eigenfactor 0.00
Article influence 0.18
Other titles Library trends (Online), Library trends
ISSN 1559-0682
OCLC 60615603
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Johns Hopkins University Press

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • On author's personal website, departmental website or institutional repository
    • On a non-profit server
    • Publisher copyright and source must be acknowledged
    • In open access repositories, such as PubMed Central if required by law
    • Publisher's version/PDF may be used
    • Reviewed on 03/02/14
  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The aim of this paper is to provide readers with a snapshot of the Lithuanian library sector since the year 2000. The sector functions as a modern, open, user-oriented, and professional system comparable to other library sectors in Europe. The community of Lithuanian librarians is organized in several professional associations that help in developing different aspects of library work: cooperation, supporting and expanding library activity, and coordinating mutual initiatives. The legal foundations for providing access to information, and the institutions providing information and ensuring its preservation in various forms, are set out in the Constitution of the Republic of Lithuania and a set of laws regulating library work. The Lithuanian Ministry of Culture is authorized to regulate state administration of all libraries in Lithuania. The library system consists of the networks of public libraries, academic libraries, school libraries, and special libraries. This paper presents the developments in each of these networks over the past fourteen years. In 2011, a "scientifically" derived strategic plan was developed, which marked a new turn in the management of the state library sector.
    Library Trends 09/2014; 63(2):252-266. DOI:10.1353/lib.2014.0038
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In the last twenty years, libraries in the Czech Republic have undergone extensive changes, which were evoked by a transition to a democratic society and market economy. At the beginning of the millennium, the development of libraries was gradually stabilized; this process culminated in the adoption of the new library act in 2001. The role of the Ministry of Culture is characterized in relation to libraries and grant programs in support of libraries. This paper studies the changes and trends in the individual areas of library activities, such as library collections and information resources, the construction of libraries, the automation of library processes, the retrospective conversion of Czech library catalogs and portals, the digitization of library collections, the training of library staff, and the activities of library societies and associations. An emphasis is placed on the transformations connected with the development of information technologies. The paper is complemented by selected statistical data on the development of libraries.
    Library Trends 09/2014; 63(2):161-182. DOI:10.1353/lib.2014.0041
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    ABSTRACT: This paper provides an overview of the development of libraries in the geographical area of the former German Democratic Republic (GDR) after it joined the territory of the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) in 1990. It briefly describes the situation of libraries in the GDR and the major changes that accompanied the unification process. It also touches on a series of three nationwide studies on reading and library-user behavior, and on library legislation and major national-planning initiatives since 1989. For academic libraries, the unification process was mainly favorable, as a structured plan and continuous funding were introduced as part of higher education development. For public libraries, the process was less structured, severely reducing a previously very dense system within a very short time. Recent library statistics indicate, however, that the integration of the two library systems has benefited the remaining libraries and left no clearly visible difference between library systems in the eastern and western parts of Germany.
    Library Trends 09/2014; 63(2):197-211. DOI:10.1353/lib.2014.0032
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    ABSTRACT: Libraries and librarianship in the Republic of Macedonia have a tradition spanning centuries, one that is linked to the work of Saint Clement of Ohrid and the first Slavic university in the monasteries on the banks of Lake Ohrid. Libraries and librarianship are the fountain springs of Macedonian culture but also the foundation of its ongoing mission. Libraries in Macedonia are following new trends and tendencies in their efforts to build a national library-information system, with shared cataloging as part of the regional library network (COBISS.net). Building on the continuous application of the traditional types of preservation of library materials along with contemporary methods and technologies, current practice has expanded to include digitalization. This has ensured easy online access to Macedonia's rich library holdings, offered opportunities for its written cultural heritage to be presented in both digital and traditional formats, and opened up new paths for greater international cooperation.
    Library Trends 09/2014; 63(2):267-283. DOI:10.1353/lib.2014.0040
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    ABSTRACT: This paper discusses trends in library network development in Russia over the past twenty-five years. The major trends in libraries of various types and levels, from national to local public libraries, are analyzed. Statistical figures reflecting decreasing numbers of libraries in Russia from 1991 to the present are presented and analyzed. A special section is dedicated to the B. N. Yeltsin Presidential Library in St. Petersburg, the electronic national library of Russia. The public library development strategy in St. Petersburg is highlighted, along with the reform of the network of public libraries in Moscow. The two most recently renovated libraries in Moscow, the F. M. Dostoevsky Library and the Prospekt Library and Information Center, are featured. The major directions for Russian libraries desiring to go "green" are presented, along with the conditions they are to meet.
    Library Trends 09/2014; 63(2):144-160. DOI:10.1353/lib.2014.0039
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    ABSTRACT: This paper offers an overview of the transfoin ation in Hungarian librarianship after 1990 and addresses the most important elements of professional development during the same period. The main organizations and types of libraries in the Hungarian library world are described. Information is provided on digital library projects and services, professional training and publications, and the development of international relations involving Hungarian librarians.
    Library Trends 09/2014; 63(2):212-232. DOI:10.1353/lib.2014.0034
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    ABSTRACT: The Global Library (GL) initiative at the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation supports public libraries as engines for individual and community development. Funding enhances access to information through publically available information technology in libraries. This technology is complemented by the provision of training and content to make it accessible and useful, and by impact assessment and advocacy to make the new services sustainable. GL has supported library modernization programs at scale in fourteen countries around the world. Based on findings on library perceptions, use, and impact from recent GL research across seventeen European Union (EU) member states, this paper focuses on projects in Bulgaria, Poland, and Romania. It offers a sense of how libraries in these countries have changed during the grant periods, presents key results obtained, and sets out prospects for the future. These prospects include greater attention paid by the EU to the increasingly important role that libraries can play in strengthening communities and improving people's lives.
    Library Trends 09/2014; 63(2):127-143. DOI:10.1353/lib.2014.0037
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    ABSTRACT: This paper presents the most important changes in the library system of Latvia in the late 1980s, when, as a result of a nonviolent struggle, Latvia regained full independence from the Soviet Union in 1990. Particular attention is paid to contributions by private foundations in the United States the George Soros, Andrew W. Mellon, and Bill & Melinda Gates Foundations to fulfill the main goal of library work: namely, helping to create a democratic society in which everyone has the opportunity to express their views and be able to freely access information. During the Soviet period, libraries were mainly agents of the dominant power; they were often forced to ignore the needs of Latvian society or even to work against them. The activities of libraries were strictly regulated and controlled. Latvian independence has allowed the libraries to end political censorship and strict control, and to independently determine their future directions and work methods. Political changes occurred so rapidly that the immediate normalization of professional work after fifty years of occupation was not possible. However, US private foundations supported strategically important areas of library work: automation and access to the internet, the creation of the State Unified Library Information System (SULTS), and the professional development of library staff. The US foundations, through requirements for the cofinancing of large-scale projects, also motivated state and municipalities in Latvia to increase their investment in libraries. The interest expressed in libraries by these foundations emphasized that Latvian libraries were vital. Consequently, targeted investments shortly after independence ensured the timely inclusion of the basic elements of the national library system the National Library of Latvia and public, school, and academic libraries in the modern information environment, thus allowing them to fulfill the main task of all libraries: the provision of public access to information.
    Library Trends 09/2014; 63(2):233-251. DOI:10.1353/lib.2014.0036
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    ABSTRACT: This paper traces computerization in Polish research libraries, from microfilming initiatives in the immediate post World War II era to the inauguration of digitization programs from the 1990s onward. It describes the initiatives taken by the new, independent Poland during the 1990s to develop an information society, including library networking, computerization, and digitization, and credits the work of the Mellon Foundation in bringing changes to Polish libraries.
    Library Trends 09/2014; 63(2):299-314. DOI:10.1353/lib.2014.0031
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    ABSTRACT: Traditionally, nineteenth-century etiquette books have been used by scholars mainly as evidence of conventions of manners and good behavior, supporting an expanding print culture in a new mass market. It is argued here that etiquette books should be re-explored in terms of the emerging information culture of the nineteenth century and that viewed in this light they can be seen to be disseminating information of two very particular kinds different from the traditional maxims of behavior and social decorum associated with etiquette. The first was the very practical type of information they espoused—information that served a functional purpose. The second was the way in which new forms of promotion and puffery about products and changing social expectations were used within etiquette books, embracing the broader information discourse of this period. Together, it is suggested that the Victorians’ fascination with information was not limited to early forms of information management or technology but also embraced more sociocultural forms and that information historiography can offer new insights into traditionally overlooked source material.
    Library Trends 01/2014; 62(3):663-680. DOI:10.1353/lib.2014.0011
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    ABSTRACT: For most of 2009, the West Bend Community Memorial Library in West Bend, Wisconsin, was embroiled in controversy due to a series of community-based challenges against the presence of so-called “sexually explicit books” and “books for youth on homosexuality” in the library’s Young Adult section. The controversy generated considerable discussion and debate over the role of the library in providing access to information, the nature of intellectual freedom and professional authority, the influence of community and outside stakeholders, and the role of local governance in library operations. These discussions occurred in public meetings and across dinner tables, in community protests and editorial pages, on blogs and social media, and in professional and academic venues, and they reached far beyond the limits of the rural Wisconsin city, making the West Bend controversy an important and unique opportunity to explore how debates over intellectual freedom play out in the twenty-first century information ecosystem.
    Library Trends 01/2014; 62(4):721-729. DOI:10.1353/lib.2014.0017
  • Library Trends 01/2014; 62(4):740-749. DOI:10.1353/lib.2014.0020
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    ABSTRACT: Most public libraries in the United States did not include collections, rooms, or librarians dedicated to work with children until the early twentieth century. The establishment of children’s rooms as a customary feature of U.S. public libraries coincided with bequests to public libraries by the Carnegie Corporation. One such library, St. Louis (Missouri) Public Library, provides an example of how large, urban library systems expanded to included neighborhood branches as well as a central branch building, all of which contained a purpose-built space for work with children. As branch buildings with children’s rooms emerged, so did the need for trained children’s librarians. Paradoxically, as soon as there were rooms dedicated to children, librarians extended their reach to municipal playgrounds, schools, and other venues outside of the library. Children’s librarians found themselves traversing a variety of spaces, serving a diverse population in multiple sites.
    Library Trends 01/2014; 62(3):489-503. DOI:10.1353/lib.2014.0004
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    ABSTRACT: The West Bend library controversy of 2009 was part of a larger conservative movement critical of Young Adult (YA) literature and the American Library Association. Organizations such as Family Friendly Libraries and the American Family Association leveraged community and parental fears about teens’ reading to target public library policies supporting intellectual freedom for youth. Ginny Maziarka and her husband Jim participated in conservative library activism by drawing information and resources from other organizations and by serving as an inspiration to would-be library activists. Their critiques of YA literature and of ALA policies defending youth access propelled them into a community battle contesting the purpose and mission of the public library.
    Library Trends 01/2014; 62(4):730-739. DOI:10.1353/lib.2014.0019
  • Library Trends 01/2014; 63(2):284-298. DOI:10.1353/lib.2014.0028
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    ABSTRACT: Progressive ideas about library economy, emanating from American and British libraries, contributed directly to the development of local procedures in public libraries in Australia in the late nineteenth century. The new consciousness of library professionalism, and scientific approaches to classification and library organization, led to new ideas on library design and functioning in the major Australian public libraries, building upon a consideration of local conditions and requirements. These developments coincided fruitfully with the Federation period, when the separate Australian colonies joined to form the Australian nation. Librarians sought to modernize their institutions in a positively charged climate of national progress, self-awareness, and pride. However, the transition to progressive practices was not uniform across the major Australian libraries. Conflicts between moral and technological values meant that some librarians rejected progressive practice and maintained older approaches, particularly in the area of classification. The Tasmanian Public Library, led by Chief Librarian Alfred J. Taylor, was an example of this. This paper examines Taylor’s approach in the wider context of changing attitudes to professionalism and library economy, his own paternalistic and humanistic approach to library organization, and the specific needs of the Tasmanian community.
    Library Trends 01/2014; 62(3):541-555. DOI:10.1353/lib.2014.0000