Endocrine (Endocrine)

Publisher: Humana Press

Current impact factor: 3.88

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2016
2014 Impact Factor 3.878
2013 Impact Factor 3.527
2012 Impact Factor 2.25
2011 Impact Factor 1.416

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 2.84
Cited half-life 4.40
Immediacy index 0.75
Eigenfactor 0.01
Article influence 0.67
ISSN 1559-0100

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Humana Press

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Publications in this journal

  • Endocrine 11/2015; DOI:10.1007/s12020-015-0800-x
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of the study is to assess the association between rs1801278 and rs2943641 of insulin receptor substrate 1 gene (IRS1) and the susceptibility to type 2 diabetes. A literature search strategy was conducted to identify all references lists of relevant studies. The fixed or random effect model was used to calculate the pooled ORs on the basis of heterogeneity. Further analyses were performed to explore the sources of heterogeneity by sensitivity analysis, meta-regression analysis, and subgroup analysis. There was significant association between rs1801278 and type 2 diabetes risk in recessive model (AA vs. GA + GG, p = 0.043) and codominant model (AA vs. GG, p = 0.007). Subgroup analysis showed that the association between rs1801278 and type 2 diabetes risk was significant in dominant model (GA + AA vs. GG, p = 0.044), codominant model (GA vs. GG, p = 0.039), codominant model (AA vs. GG, p = 0.044), overdominant model (GG + AA vs. GA, p = 0.037) in Asian and codominant model (AA vs. GG, p = 0.039) in Caucasian of rs1801278. The association between rs2943641 and type 2 diabetes risk was significant in codominant model (CT vs. CC, p = 0.023) in Caucasian. This meta-analysis suggests that rs1801278 may play a role in type 2 diabetes risk, especially in Asian. It also indicates that rs2943641 may be associated with type 2 diabetes risk in Caucasian. Further larger studies should be performed to warrant confirmation.
    Endocrine 11/2015; DOI:10.1007/s12020-015-0770-z
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    ABSTRACT: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a complex reproductive and metabolic disorder affecting 10 % of reproductive-aged women, and is well associated with an increased prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors. However, there are few data concerning the direct association of PCOS with cardiac pathologies. The present study aims to investigate the changes in cardiac structure, function, and cardiomyocyte survival in a PCOS model, and explore the possible effect of calcitriol administration on these changes. PCOS was induced in C57BL/6J female mice by chronic dihydrotestosterone administration, as evidenced by irregular estrous cycles, obesity and dyslipidemia. PCOS mice progressively developed cardiac abnormalities including cardiac hypertrophy, interstitial fibrosis, myocardial apoptosis, and cardiac dysfunction. Conversely, concomitant administration of calcitriol significantly attenuated cardiac remodeling and cardiomyocyte apoptosis, and improved cardiac function. Molecular analysis revealed that the beneficial effect of calcitriol was associated with normalized autophagy function by increasing phosphorylation levels of AMP-activated protein kinase and inhibiting phosphorylation levels of mammalian target of rapamycin complex. Our findings provide the first evidence for the presence of cardiac remodeling in a PCOS model, and vitamin D supplementation may be a potential therapeutic strategy for the prevention and treatment of PCOS-related cardiac remodeling.
    Endocrine 11/2015; DOI:10.1007/s12020-015-0797-1
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    ABSTRACT: Aromatase, a key enzyme in local estrogen synthesis, is expressed in different pituitary tumors including growth hormone (GH)-secreting adenomas. We aimed to evaluate aromatase, estrogen receptor α (ERα), estrogen receptor β (ERβ), pituitary tumor transforming gene (PTTG), and fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF2) expressions in GH-secreting adenomas, and investigate their correlation with clinical, pathologic, and radiologic parameters. This cross-sectional study was conducted in a tertiary center in Turkey. Protein expressions were determined via immunohistochemical staining in ex vivo tumor samples of 62 patients with acromegaly and ten normal pituitary tissues. Concordantly increased aromatase, PTTG, and FGF2 expressions were detected in the tumor samples as compared with controls (p < 0.001 for all). None of the tumors expressed ERα while ERβ was detected only in mixed somatotroph adenomas. Aromatase, ERβ, PTTG expressions were not significantly different between patients with and without remission (p > 0.05 for all). FGF2 expression was significantly higher in patients without postoperative and late remission (p = 0.002 and p = 0.012, respectively), with sphenoid bone invasion, optic chiasm compression, and somatostatin analog resistance (p = 0.005, p = 0.033, and p = 0.013, respectively). Aromatase, PTTG and FGF2 expressions were positively correlated with each other (r = 0,311, p = 0.008 for aromatase, FGF2; r = 0.380, p = 0.001 for aromatase, PTTG; r = 0.400, p = 0.001 for FGF2, PTTG). PTTG-mediated FGF2 upregulation is associated with more aggressive tumor features in patients with acromegaly. Also, locally produced estrogen through aromatization might have a role in this phenomenon.
    Endocrine 11/2015; DOI:10.1007/s12020-015-0802-8
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    ABSTRACT: Stimulation of growth hormone (GH) and adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) secretion by glucagon is a standard procedure to assess pituitary dysfunction but the pathomechanism of glucagon action remains unclear. As arginine vasopressin (AVP) may act on the release of both, GH and ACTH, we tested here the role of AVP in GST by measuring a stable precursor fragment, copeptin, which is stoichiometrically secreted with AVP in a 1:1 ratio. ACTH, cortisol, GH, and copeptin were measured at 0, 60, 90, 120, 150, and 180 min during GST in 79 subjects: healthy controls (Group 1, n = 32), subjects with pituitary disease, but with adequate cortisol and GH responses during GST (Group 2, n = 29), and those with overt hypopituitarism (Group 3, n = 18). Copeptin concentrations significantly increased over baseline 150 and 180 min following glucagon stimulation in controls and patients with intact pituitary function but not in hypopituitarism. Copeptin concentrations were stimulated over time and the maximal increment correlated with ACTH, while correlations between copeptin and GH were weaker. Interestingly, copeptin as well as GH secretion was significantly attenuated when comparing subjects within the highest to those in the lowest BMI quartile (p < 0.05). Copeptin is significantly released following glucagon stimulation. As this release is BMI-dependent, the time-dependent relation between copeptin and GH may be obscured, whereas the close relation to ACTH suggests that AVP/copeptin release might be linked to the activation of the adrenal axis.
    Endocrine 11/2015; DOI:10.1007/s12020-015-0783-7
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    ABSTRACT: The influence of glucagon-like peptide-1 has been studied in several studies in patients with acute myocardial infarction, but not in patients with non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI). We planned to evaluate the effects of liraglutide on left ventricular function in patients with NSTEMI. A total of 90 patients were randomized 1:1 to receive either liraglutide (0.6 mg for 2 days, 1.2 mg for 2 days, followed by 1.8 mg for 3 days) or placebo for 7 days. Eighty-three patients completed the trial. Transthoracic echocardiography was used to assess left ventricular function. At 3 months, the primary endpoint, the difference in the change in left ventricular ejection fraction between the two groups was +4.7 % (liraglutide vs. placebo 95 % CI +0.7 to +9.2 % P = 0.009) under intention-to-treat analysis. The difference in decrease in serum glycosylated hemoglobin levels was -0.2 % (liraglutide vs. placebo 95 % CI -0.1 to -0.3 %; P < 0.001). Inflammation and oxidative stress improved significantly in the liraglutide group compared to the placebo group. Liraglutide could improve left ventricular function in patients with NSTEMI, making it a potential adjuvant therapy for NSTEMI.
    Endocrine 11/2015; DOI:10.1007/s12020-015-0798-0

  • Endocrine 11/2015; DOI:10.1007/s12020-015-0790-8
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    ABSTRACT: Giant prolactinomas (gPRLomas) are rare tumors of the lactotroph defined by an unusually large size (>4 cm) and serum PRL levels >1000 ng/mL. The purpose of this study is to characterize the clinical spectrum of gPRLomas comparing them with non-giant prolactinomas. This is a retrospective study at a large referral center. Data from patients harboring gPRLomas and macroprolactinomas were retrieved from medical records of the Prolactinoma Clinic. Analysis was focused on clinical, biochemical, and tumor volume characteristics, as well as on the response to treatment with dopamine agonists. Among 292 patients with prolactinomas followed between 2008 and 2015, 47 (16 %) met the diagnostic criteria for gPRLomas (42 males). The most common complaint was a visual field defect; headache was reported by 79 % and sexual dysfunction was present in over half of the patients. Median basal PRL level and tumor volume were 6667 ng/mL (3750-10,000) and 32 cm(3) (20-50), respectively; hypogonadotropic hypogonadism was documented in 87 %. Cabergoline treatment resulted in the normalization of PRL levels in 68 % and in the reduction of >50 % in tumor volume in 87 % of the gPRLoma patients. The composite goal of PRL normalization and >50 % tumor reduction was achieved by 55 % (n = 26) of patients with gPRL and by 66 % (n = 100) of patients with no giant macroprolactinomas (p = 0.19). Recovery of hypogonadism and improvement of visual fields defects occurred in 32 % and 68 % of the patients, respectively. Cabergoline treatment was equally effective in patients with gPRLoma and those with macroprolactinomas in regard of achieving treatment goals, although the median CBG dose was slightly higher in the gPRLoma group (2 vs. 1.5 mg/w). Six patients required surgery. Beyond their impressive dimensions and the huge amount of PRL they secrete, the clinical behavior of gPRLoma is not different from macroprolactinomas. These tumors are highly responsive to cabergoline treatment, and pituitary surgery is seldom required.
    Endocrine 11/2015; DOI:10.1007/s12020-015-0791-7

  • Endocrine 11/2015; DOI:10.1007/s12020-015-0793-5
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    ABSTRACT: In this study, we aimed to examine dynamic thiol/disulfide homeostasis in type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and identify the factors associated with thiol oxidation. Thirty-eight subjects (18 male, 20 female) diagnosed with T1DM and 38 (17 male, 21 female) healthy volunteers without any known diseases were included in the study. Thiol/disulfide homeostasis concentrations were measured by a newly developed method (Erel & Neselioglu) in this study. After native thiol, total thiol and disulfide levels were determined; measures such as disulfide/native thiol, disulfide/total thiol, and native thiol/total thiol were calculated. In T1DM patients, compared to the control group, disulfide (p = 0.024), disulfide/native thiol (p < 0.001), and disulfide/total thiol (p < 0.001) were determined higher, while native thiol (p = 0.004) and total thiol (p < 0.001) levels were much lower. In the patient group, a positive correlation was determined between c-reactive protein (r = 325, p = 0.007; r = 316, p = 0.010, respectively), fasting blood glucose (r = 279, p = 0.018; r = 251, p = 0.035, respectively), and glycosylated hemoglobin (r = 341, p = 0.004; r = 332, p = 0.005, respectively) and rates of disulfide/native thiol and disulfide/total thiol. We determined that thiol oxidation increase in T1DM patients compared to the control group. We thought that hyperglycemia and chronic inflammation might be the major cause of increase in oxide thiol form. In order to determine the relationship between the status of autoimmunity and dynamic thiol/disulfide in T1DM, dynamic thiol/disulfide homeostasis in newly diagnosed-antibody positive-T1DM patients is required to be investigated.
    Endocrine 11/2015; DOI:10.1007/s12020-015-0784-6
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    ABSTRACT: Free 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] is suggested to be important in the determination of vitamin D deficiency, since vitamin D-binding protein (VDBP) may affect total 25(OH)D levels. There are no data about free 25(OH)D concentrations in acromegaly. We aimed to investigate serum VDBP and total and free 25(OH)D levels in patients with acromegaly in comparison with control subjects. We recruited 54 patients with acromegaly and 32 control subjects who were similar according to age, gender, and body mass index. Serum VDBP levels were found to be increased in patients with acromegaly compared to control subjects [90.35 (72.45-111.10) vs. 69.52 (63.89-80.13) mg/l, p = 0.001]. There was statistically no significant difference in serum total 25(OH)D levels between the patients with acromegaly and control subjects [18.63 (13.35-27.73) vs. 22.51 (19.20-28.96) ng/ml, p = 0.05]. Free 25(OH)D levels were significantly decreased in patients with acromegaly compared to control subjects [14.55 (10.45-21.45) vs. 17.75 (15.30-23.75) pg/ml, p = 0.03]. Free 25(OH)D levels correlated positively with total 25(OH)D (p = 0.0001) and HDL cholesterol (p = 0.04) and negatively with fasting blood glucose (p = 0.04). Our findings indicate that VDBP is increased and free 25(OH)D is decreased in acromegaly, while there is no significant alteration in total 25(OH)D.
    Endocrine 11/2015; DOI:10.1007/s12020-015-0789-1
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    ABSTRACT: Oral levothyroxine (L-T4) is the mainstay of hypothyroidism treatment. Many factors may influence its absorption, including the timing of administration. Objective of the study is to demonstrate the therapeutic equivalence of administering liquid L-T4 with breakfast or 10 min before breakfast. This was a pilot study conducted with a crossover design AB/BA where A stays for L-T4 with breakfast and B for L-T4 10 min before breakfast. A post hoc analysis was conducted to compare L-T4 administered at breakfast or 10 min before breakfast with L-T4 administered 30 min before breakfast. Sixty-one hypothyroid patients were enrolled and assigned to one of the two treatment sequences. All patients were evaluated for TSH levels at the end of each period. Fifty-nine patients completed the study. The mean thyrotropin concentration was 1.52 ± 0.73 µU/ml when L-T4 was administered with breakfast and 1.46 ± 0.81 µU/ml when it was taken 10 min before breakfast, without clinically and statistically significant differences (P = 0.59), regardless of treatment sequence and period. The mean thyrotropin concentration was 1.54 ± 0.9 µU/ml when L-T4 was administered at 0-10 min intervals before breakfast and 1.25 ± 0.7 µU/ml when it was taken 30 min before breakfast (ratio = 1.23, within our definition of equivalence set at 0.8-1.25). There is therapeutic equivalence between liquid L-T4 administration at breakfast or 10 min before breakfast. We can also hypothesize that there are no clinically relevant differences between liquid L-T4 administration 30 min before breakfast or at shorter intervals.
    Endocrine 11/2015; DOI:10.1007/s12020-015-0788-2

  • Endocrine 10/2015; DOI:10.1007/s12020-015-0787-3
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    ABSTRACT: Taking metformin with a meal has been shown to decrease bioavailability of metformin. We hypothesized that taking metformin 30 min before a meal improves glucose metabolism. As an animal model, 18 Zucker-rats were divided into three groups as follows: no medication (Control), metformin (600 mg/kg) with meal (Met), and metformin 10 min before meal (pre-Met). In addition, five diabetic patients were recruited and randomized to take metformin (1000 mg) either 30 min before a meal (pre-Met protocol) or with a meal (Met protocol). In the animal model, the peak glucose level of pre-Met (7.8 ± 1.5 mmol/L) was lower than that of Control (12.6 ± 2.5 mmol/L, P = 0.010) or Met (14.1 ± 2.9 mmol/L, P = 0.020). Although there was no statistical difference among the three groups, total GLP-1 level at t = 0 min of pre-Met (7.4 ± 2.7 pmol/L) tended to be higher than that of Control (3.7 ± 2.0 pmol/L, P = 0.030) or Met (3.9 ± 1.2 pmol/L, P = 0.020). In diabetic patients, the peak glucose level of pre-Met protocol (7.0 ± 0.4 mmol/L) was lower than that of Met protocol (8.5 ± 0.9 mmol/L, P = 0.021). Total GLP-1 level at t = 30 min of pre-Met protocol (11.0 ± 6.1 pmol/L) was higher than that of Met protocol (6.7 ± 3.9 pmol/L, P = 0.033). Taking metformin 30 min before a meal ameliorated postprandial hyperglycemia. This promises to be a novel approach for postprandial hyperglycemia.
    Endocrine 10/2015; DOI:10.1007/s12020-015-0786-4
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    ABSTRACT: Diurnal salivary and plasma cortisol variations are considered valid expression of circadian cortisol rhythmicity. The aim of this study was to assess the reliability of salivary and plasma cortisol and if glycemia and glycemic oscillations may interfere with their concentration. Forty-seven type 2 diabetic patients and 31 controls were studied for glycemic profile and diurnal salivary and plasma cortisol variations on two contemporary samples taken at 08:00 a.m.-11:00 p.m (Late Night, LN). Glucose variability was evaluated in diabetic patients by considering the standard deviation of blood glucose (BGSD) readings, by calculating the mean amplitude of glycemic excursions (MAGEs) and continuous overlapping net glycemic action (CONGA). A significant correlation between LN serum cortisol and morning fasting glycemia (r = 0.78; p = 0.004) was observed in T2DM group but not in the control group (r = 0.09; p = 0.74). While LN serum cortisol significantly correlated with CONGA in diabetic patients (r = 0.50; p < 0.001), LN salivary cortisol did not correlate with any indices of glucose variability. Moreover, a highly significant correlation between LN salivary and LN serum cortisol concentrations was found in control group (r = 0.80; p < 0.001) but not in diabetic patients (r = 0.07; p = 0.62). This study shows for the first time that LN salivary rather than plasma cortisol may give information on the dynamics of adrenal function of type 2 diabetic patients, as it is not significantly influenced by glycemic variations. However, our preliminary results need to be confirmed by further studies with more complete evaluations including many more patients.
    Endocrine 10/2015; DOI:10.1007/s12020-015-0777-5