Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques (J LAPAROENDOSC ADV S)

Publisher: Mary Ann Liebert

Journal description

A bimonthly peer-reviewed journal for practicing surgeons on the surgical techniques that encompass laparoscopy, endoscopy, and advanced surgical technology in all surgical disciplines. It is the first journal to focus on these techniques both in general surgery and in areas of specialization which include gastroenterology, gynecology, ENT, and cardiovascular and thoracic surgery.

Current impact factor: 1.19

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2015
2013 / 2014 Impact Factor 1.187
2012 Impact Factor 1.066
2011 Impact Factor 1.4
2010 Impact Factor 1.198
2009 Impact Factor 1.012
2008 Impact Factor 0.912

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 1.18
Cited half-life 4.40
Immediacy index 0.31
Eigenfactor 0.01
Article influence 0.33
Website Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques website
Other titles Journal of laparoendoscopic & advanced surgical techniques. Part A, Journal of laparoendoscopic and advanced surgical techniques
ISSN 1557-9034
OCLC 36334866
Material type Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Journal / Magazine / Newspaper, Internet Resource

Publisher details

Mary Ann Liebert

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • On author's personal website
    • On institutional repository, pre-print server or research network after 12 months embargo
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Set statement to accompany deposit (see policy)
    • Publisher copyright and source must be acknowledged
    • NIH authors will have their final paper, (post peer review, copy-editing and proof-reading) deposited in PubMed Central on their behalf
    • Must link to publisher version with DOI
  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy (LPD), although an advanced surgical procedure, is being increasingly used for pancreatic head and periampullary tumors. We present our experience of 15 years with the largest series in total LPD for periampullary and pancreatic head tumors with data on oncological outcome and long-term survival. Prospective and retrospective data of patients undergoing LPD from March 1998 to April 2013 were reviewed. Of the 150 cases, 20 cases of LPD (7 cases done for chronic pancreatitis and 13 cases for benign cystic tumors of the pancreas) have been excluded, which leaves us with 130 cases of LPD performed for malignant indications. In total, 130 patients were chosen for the study. The male:female ratio was 1:1.6, with a median age of 54 years. We had one conversion to open surgery in our series, the overall postoperative morbidity was 29.7%, and the mortality rate was 1.53%. The pancreatic fistula rate was 8.46%. The mean operating time was 310±34 minutes, and the mean blood loss was 110±22 mL. The mean hospital stay was 8±2.6 days. Resected margins were positive in 9.23% of cases. The mean tumor size was 3.13±1.21 cm, and the mean number of retrieved lymph nodes was 18.15±4.73. The overall 5-year actuarial survival was 29.42%, and the median survival was 33 months. LPD has evolved over a period of two decades and has the potential to become the standard of care for select periampullary and pancreatic head tumors with acceptable oncological outcomes, especially in high-volume centers. Randomized controlled trials are needed to establish the advantages of LPD.
    Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques 03/2015; DOI:10.1089/lap.2014.0502
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    ABSTRACT: Reports on laparoscopic liver resection for intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma are still scarce. With increased experience in laparoscopic liver resection, its application to intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma can now be considered. Our aim is to determine the feasibility and safety of laparoscopic liver resection for intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma and to analyze its clinical and oncologic outcomes. Among the 84 patients with intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma operated on from March 2004 to April 2012, 37 patients with a T-stage of 2b or less were included in the study. Eleven patients underwent laparoscopic liver resection, and 26 underwent open liver resection. Treatment and survival outcomes were analyzed. Intraoperative blood loss was significantly greater in the open group (P=.024), but with no difference in the blood transfusion requirement between groups (P=.074), and no operative mortality occurred. The median operative time, postoperative resection margin, and length of hospital stay were comparable between groups (P=.111, P=.125, and P=.077, respectively). Four (36.4%) patients in the laparoscopic group developed recurrence compared with 12 (46.2%) patients in the open group (P=.583). After a median follow-up of 17 months, the 3- and 5-year overall survival rates were 77.9% and 77.9%, respectively, in the laparoscopic group compared with 66.2% and 66.2%, respectively, in the open group (P=.7). There was also no significant difference in the 3- and 5-year disease-free survival rates for the laparoscopic group at 56.2% and 56.2%, respectively, versus the open group at 39.4% and 39.4%, respectively (P=.688). Laparoscopic liver resection for intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma is technically safe with survival outcome comparable to that of open liver resection in selected cases.
    Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques 03/2015; DOI:10.1089/lap.2014.0233
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Epidemiological studies have shown an equal gender distribution of obesity in the United States; however, literature suggests approximately 80% of patients undergoing bariatric surgery are female. The aim of this study is to identify factors that contribute to this gender disparity. Study Design: A retrospective analysis of the Nationwide Inpatient Sample was performed. Obese patients who underwent open or laparoscopic gastric bypass or sleeve gastrectomy were identified using International Classification of Diseases, 9th edition codes. Patients <18 years of age were excluded. Female gender was used as a dependent variable to determine factors that influence gender distribution. Multivariate analyses adjusted for age, race, state within the United States, Charlson Comorbidity Index, income level, and insurance status. Results: From 1998 to 2010, 190,705 patients underwent bariatric surgery (93% gastric bypass, 7% sleeve gastrectomy). Females made up 81.36% of the population. An 80% to 20% female to male distribution was maintained for every year (1998-2010) and was unchanged within individual states. Patients were more likely to be female if from a lower-income neighborhood or if African American or Hispanic (P<.05). Patients were less likely to be female with increasing age, more comorbidities, or private insurance (P<.05). Conclusions: The unequal gender distribution in bariatric surgery patients is influenced by demographic and socioeconomic factors. This disparity is narrowed in patients who are older and have more comorbidities, whereas the disparity is widened for certain races and lower incomes. Given the equal distribution of obesity in the United States, the widespread gender gap in bariatric surgery may suggest an underuse in obese men.
    Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques 02/2015; DOI:10.1089/lap.2014.0639
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Objective: To describe our technique of robotic rectovesical fistula (RVF) repair through the report of a case unique for its pathogenesis. RVF is a rare but devastating complication of prostatic surgery and can nowadays be managed with a minimally invasive approach.
    Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques 08/2014; 24(8):567-70. DOI:10.1089/lap.2014.0002
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Objective: To first describe laparoscopic nephrectomy (LN) for patients with acute blunt Grade 4 renal injuries using a retroperitoneal approach. Patients and Methods: Three patients (2 males and 1 female) with acute blunt renal trauma underwent retroperitoneal LN successfully. The revised American Association for Surgery of Trauma grading system was used to grade renal injuries. All three patients with Grade 4 renal injuries required blood transfusions preoperatively and angiographic embolization because of hemodynamic instability. Given the severity of the renal injuries, failure of angiographic embolization, and persistent blood loss, surgical intervention was used. We performed retroperitoneal LN using four trocars within 24 hours after trauma for the patients. Results: Pure retroperitoneal LN was successfully performed in all 3 patients without requiring hand-assisted or open surgery. The renal hematoma dimension for the patients was 7.5, 8.4, and 9.2 cm, respectively. Operative time was 80, 110, and 130 minutes, respectively. Estimated blood loss was 100, 140, and 300 mL, respectively. The incision size was 4.2, 4.2, and 4.5 cm, respectively. The average hospital stay was 6 days. Pathology showed renal injuries without incidental renal tumors. Conclusions: Despite the technical challenges, LN for patients with acute blunt Grade 4 renal injuries using a retroperitoneal approach is safe and feasible in carefully selected patients if conservative measures and angiographic embolization fail. However, it is important to note that one should keep a low threshold for open conversion or the hand-assisted approach whenever necessary.
    Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques 05/2014; 24(7). DOI:10.1089/lap.2014.0006
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Introduction: Single-port laparoscopic surgery (SPLS), one of the advanced techniques of laparoscopic surgery, is performed through a single multichannel port. Regarding colorectal surgery, several colorectal procedures, including right colectomy, sigmoidectomy, and total proctocelectomy with ileal pouch anal anastomosis, have been performed successfully. The aim of this study was to elucidate the feasibility and safety of SPLS for the treatment of the patient with colorectal cancer in Korea. Subjects and Methods: Data were collected retrospectively from six hospitals through a Web-based case reporting form, which requested baseline characteristics of the patient, intraoperative findings, postoperative course, pathologic results of the tumor, and postoperative surveillance. Results: From May 2009 to June 2012, 257 patients were included in this study. Anterior resection was performed in 117 patients, low anterior resection in 66 patients, and right colectomy in 53 patients. The primary entry incision site was umbilicus in all patients except for 2 cases; in these, stoma sites were used for the entry of the single port. The total mean incision length was 3.8±2.3 cm. Among 257 initially SPLS-attempted patients, 45 (17.5%) patients needed additional ports (one additional port in 44 patients), and 2 patients (0.78%) had to be converted to open laparotomy. Intraoperative complications were noted in 5 patients, including anastomotic failures in 3 patients and bleeding in 1 patient. Postoperative complications were noted in 34 patients (13.2%). Anastomotic leak developed in 11 patients, urinary retention in 5 patients, and wound complications in 4 patients. Re-admission was needed in 15 patients (5.8%). Conclusions: SPLS could be performed safely and appropriately in selected colorectal cancer cases by experts in laparoscopic colorectal surgery in Korea. Prospective randomized trials to demonstrate the benefit and effectiveness of SPLS in colorectal cancer surgery with long-term oncologic results are needed.
    Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques 05/2014; 24(7). DOI:10.1089/lap.2013.0503
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Introduction: Single-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy (SILC) has been increasing in use steadily, and many researchers have reported the safety and feasibility of SILC. However, most studies were confined to selected patients and excluded patients with acute inflammation. In this study, we evaluated the safety and feasibility of SILC with our technique in patients with acute cholecystitis. Patients and Methods: Ninety-six patients with acute cholecystitis undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy at Uijeonbu St. Mary's Hospital (Uijeongbu, Korea) between October 2011 and December 2012 were retrospectively reviewed. SILC was performed in 49 patients, and conventional three-port laparoscopic cholecystectomy was performed in 47 patients. Patient demographics and operative outcomes were compared between groups to evaluate the safety and feasibility of SILC using our technique. Results: There were no differences between groups in demographics except for the sex ratio. SILC was more often performed in female patients (69% versus 34%, P=.001). There were no statistically significant differences between groups in terms of operation time, critical view of safety identification time, iatrogenic gallbladder perforation, port-site seroma, and postoperative hospital stay, respectively. One patient in each group required conversion to open cholecystectomy because of massive bleeding. Conclusions: This study showed that needlescopic grasper-assisted SILC with our technique is acceptable not only in selected patients but also in patients with acute cholecystitis. Lateral and cephalad retraction using a needlescopic grasper and a snake retractor can make SILC safe and easy in acute cholecystitis through better visualization of the triangle of Calot.
    Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques 05/2014; DOI:10.1089/lap.2013.0552
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Background: Experimental knowledge about mesh behavior at the esophageal hiatus is rare, but such information is essential in order to find a safe and effective method of mesh reinforcement. This study aimed to investigate the influence of mesh structure on the biological behavior of polypropylene prostheses placed at the hiatus. Materials and Methods: Twenty-four pigs in three groups of eight underwent implantation of heavyweight small-porous (HW-SP), heavyweight large-porous (HW-LP), or lightweight large-porous (LW-LP) circular polypropylene mesh at the hiatus. Eight weeks later, the meshes were explanted. Macroscopic analysis was performed evaluating mesh deformation, adhesions, and position relative to the hiatal margin. Histological analysis comprised evaluation of foreign body reaction and tissue integration by mononuclear cell count and immunostaining of Ki-67, collagen type I, and collagen type III. Results: No mesh-related complications occurred. Mesh shrinkage was observed within all groups and was the lowest for HW-LP, higher for HW-SP, and highest for LW-LP (13.8% versus 19.5% versus 25.5%; P<.001). The adhesion score was highest for HW-SP, lower for HW-LP, and lowest for LW-LP (11.0 versus 8.0 versus 6.0; P<.001). The collagen type I/III ratio was higher for HW-SP compared with HW-LP and LW-LP (3.1 versus 2.2 versus 1.8; P=.014). Conclusions: Heavyweight polypropylene meshes may be advantageous for application at the hiatus. They provide a solid fixation of the esophagogastric junction by adhesions, which may contribute to a reduction of hernia recurrence. In heavyweight meshes, the large-porous structure is associated with superior form stability, and small-porous meshes are superior with regard to solidity of tissue integration, which may prevent mesh migration.
    Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques 05/2014; DOI:10.1089/lap.2013.0588
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Background: Transareola single-site endoscopic thyroidectomy has been successfully established as a surgical approach. This study investigated the feasibility and safety of transareola single-site endoscopic thyroidectomy for bilateral thyroid disease. Patients and Methods: Twelve patients who underwent bilateral thyroidectomy were enrolled in this study. The surgical outcomes were analyzed, including operation time, intraoperative bleeding volume, postoperative pain score, and cosmetic satisfaction score. Results: All patients underwent successful transareola single-site endoscopic bilateral thyroidectomy, and no patient was semiconverted to three-port endoscopic surgery or open surgery. Seven patients underwent bilateral partial thyroidectomy, and 5 patients underwent subtotal thyroidectomy plus contralateral partial thyroidectomy. The mean operation time was 165±23.8 minutes (range, 142-185 minutes). The mean intraoperative bleeding volume was 27.3±12.3 mL (range, 20-45 mL). The mean postoperative wound drainage was 121±45.8 mL (range, 85-137 mL). The drainage tube was removed 3-4 days after surgery. The mean visual analog scale score was 3.3±2.5 (range, 1-5) at 24 hours postoperatively. The patients were followed up for 2 month with no complaint of chest wall wound pain and numbness. The mean cosmetic satisfaction score was 9.55±0.8 (range, 8-10). Conclusions: Transareola single-site endoscopic bilateral thyroidectomy is feasible and safe and has the advantages of high cosmetic satisfaction.
    Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques 05/2014; DOI:10.1089/lap.2013.0494
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Objective: Palmar hyperhidrosis is a common disease that causes intense significant embarassment for patients. Bilateral single-port thoracoscopic sympathectomy is an effective surgical treatment with high success rates and improvement in quality of life. In order to reduce surgical invasion and to seek better cosmetic results, we describe a novel protocol for thoracic sympathectomy in the treatment of palmar hyperhidrosis. Materials and Methods: Between January 2012 and September 2012, bilateral thoracic sympathectomy was performed through the anterior mediastinal pleura using the pleural videoscope with a single unilateral skin incision in 10 men and 6 women. Results: In total, 16 patients were cured, and the skin temperature increased by a mean of 2.7±0.6°C. The average operation time was 67.9±15.8 minutes, with a postoperative hospital stay of 1.9±0.6 days and operative bleeding of less than 20 mL. All operations were successful, with no severe complications or perioperative mortality. Follow-up of 9.8±2.3 months (range, 7-14 months) showed that palmar sweating improved in all patients, and the effective rate was 100%. Conclusions: A single unilateral incision for two-sided thoracic sympathectomy through the anterior mediastinal pleura is an effective, feasible, safe, and minimally invasive procedure with excellent cosmetic results.
    Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques 05/2014; 24(5):328-32. DOI:10.1089/lap.2013.0473
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Objective: Natural orifice translumenal endoscopic surgery (NOTES(®); American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy [Oak Brook, IL] and Society of American Gastrointestinal and Endoscopic Surgeons [Los Angeles, CA]) has generated excitement among surgeons as potentially scar-free surgery. We developed this technique while taking into consideration that it could also be applied to transoral thyroid surgery. Patient and Methods: We report the case of a 35-year-old woman with a 0.5×0.5-cm papillary thyroid microcarcinoma. We implemented a modified approach for the removal of the thyroid by using a frenotomy incision of the mouth, accompanied by an endoscope system. Results: A modified approach for the removal of the thyroid was used on the patient. The total operating time was 120 minutes, and there were no specific complications. The patient continues to be free of any diseases 12 months after the excision. Conclusions: Thyroidectomy can be performed by a transoral endoscope-assisted approach through a frenotomy incision of the mouth. We describe the detailed procedures for an endoscope-assisted transoral thyroidectomy using a frenotomy incision.
    Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques 05/2014; 24(5):345-9. DOI:10.1089/lap.2014.0110
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Aim: To compare the clinical effectiveness of the treatment of choledocholithiasis by laparoscopic common bile duct (CBD) exploration and by endoscopic sphincterotomy (EST). Materials and Methods: A meta-analysis of studies about CBD stones was performed to analyze EST in comparison with laparoscopic CBD exploration procedures. Trials were identified by searching the Medline, EMBASE, PubMed, CBM, and CNKI databases from January 1990 to December 2012 for laparoscopic CBD exploration or EST for CBD stones. Results: Fifteen studies were identified in the meta-analysis. The incidence of bleeding or pancreatitis in the EST group was higher than that in the laparoscopic group. However, the incidence of bile leakage in the EST group was lower than that in the laparoscopic group. The differences in cases of retained stones or total complications were not statistically significant between the laparoscopic and EST groups (P>.05). There were more successful cases in the laparoscopic group than in the EST group (P<.05). Hospital cost was less in the laparoscopic group than in the EST group (P<.05). Mean operation time and hospital stay in the laparoscopic group were shorter than those in the EST group (P<.05). Conclusions: To some degree, laparoscopic treatment of the CBD may be a better way of removing stones than EST.
    Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques 05/2014; 24(5):287-94. DOI:10.1089/lap.2013.0546
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Objective: To describe a novel practical technique for trocar placement in extraperitoneal laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (eLRP) and robotic-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (eRALP) in patients who had lower midline abdominal incisions. Subjects and Methods: Between March 1999 and November 2013, 3080 LRPs were performed in our department. In total, 1745 eLRPs and 416 eRALPs were enrolled in the study. Group 1 consisted of 57 cases (45 eLRPs and 12 eRALPs) with median lower incision scars after previous abdominal surgery. Group 2 consisted of the same numbers of patients without previous surgeries after matched-pair analyses was performed according to body mass index, age, and operation style. Demographic, perioperative, and postoperative data were recorded. Additionally, we described our novel practical trocar replacement technique for extraperitoneal approach. Statistical analyses were performed. Results: Mean age was 65.6±6.2 years. Mean follow-up was 102.9±24.5 months. There were 12 eRALPs and 45 eLRPs in each group. Demographic, perioperative, and postoperative data were similar in the two groups except for trocar placement time. The trocar placement time was longer in Group 1 than in Group 2 (P<.001). In all patients with previous abdominal surgery with lower abdominal incision scars, we were able to establish trocar placement and correct access to the extraperitoneal space. Moreover, we had no conversions or complications in any patient. Conclusions: Our technique seems safe and practical for trocar placements for eLRP and eRALP in patients with lower abdominal incision scars.
    Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques 04/2014; DOI:10.1089/lap.2013.0569
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Purpose: We evaluated the effect of different suture materials in a laparoscopic preperitoneal ligation of the patent processus vaginalis in a rabbit survival model. Materials and Methods: New Zealand White rabbits underwent laparoscopic assisted preperitoneal ligation of the patent processus vaginalis. The processus vaginalis was closed with silk (n=10), polyglactin 910 (Vicryl(®); Ethicon, a Johnson & Johnson Company, Somerville, NJ) (n=10), or polypropylene (Prolene(®); Ethicon) (n=10). At necropsy, the suture was removed, and repair integrity was evaluated. Results: All rabbits survived to necropsy without complications. No suture material was identified during necropsy of the Vicryl group. Eight (80%) of the Vicryl closures failed, with six (60%) failing at initial inspection. Following removal of suture material, nine (90%) of the Prolene closures failed, and only one (10%) of the silk closures failed (P=.009). Conclusions: The silk suture resulted in an improved closure rate. Ligation with silk suture probably incited an increased inflammatory response that likely created a scar while persisting long enough for the scar to become established. In contrast, the Vicryl sutures probably failed because the sutures dissolved before a scar was able to fully develop. Finally, the Prolene closures were suture dependent as evidenced by failure when the suture was removed. Nonabsorbable braided suture may improve closure of pediatric indirect inguinal hernias during laparoscopic-assisted preperitoneal ligation.
    Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques 04/2014; DOI:10.1089/lap.2013.0352
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Background: Laparoscopic-assisted extended hepatectomy and laparoscopic hepaticojejunostomy reconstruction can be performed for hilar cholangiocarcinoma by combining our existing protocols for laparoscopic anatomic hepatectomy and laparoscopic hand-sewn bilio-enteric anastomosis. Subjects and Methods: Our first patient was a 42-year-old man with cholangitis and jaundice from tumor obstructing the hepatic duct bifurcation who underwent a right extended hepatectomy for hilar cholangiocarcinoma (Bismuth IIIa), radical portal lymphadenectomy, and Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy using laparoscopic techniques. A four-trocar, one 6-cm wound protector laparoscopic technique was used. Inflow and outflow exclusion was achieved first, followed by liver transection. Radical portal lymphadenectomy was performed. A Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy was constructed laparoscopically. We have performed three other cases using the same technique: two requiring right extended hepatectomy and one requiring left extended hepatectomy. Results: No intraoperative complications occurred during the 4.0-hour procedure. Tumor margins were clear. The patient was given oral diet on Day 1 and discharged on Day 3 after surgery. No blood transfusions were necessary. A cholangiogram performed 10 days after surgery demonstrated patent hepaticojejunostomy, and magnetic resonance imaging performed during week 3 demonstrated the normal caliber of the intrahepatic biliary system. At 6 months, the patient was completely without symptoms and exhibited normal liver function tests. Conclusions: Laparoscopic-assisted right extended hepatectomy for hilar cholangiocarcinoma with laparoscopically hand-sewn hepaticojejunostomy in select patients can be achieved with good outcomes.
    Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques 04/2014; DOI:10.1089/lap.2013.0574
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Background: Endoscopic thyroid surgery is gaining wide acceptance; however, existing endoscopic methods for thyroidectomy have shown several limitations. Recently, a transoral technique using video assistance and endoscopy has been reported for thyroidectomy. The aim of this study was to define a new technique of transoral thyroidectomy using a mandibular periosteal approach to complement other types of natural orifice surgery and minimally invasive surgery. Materials and Methods: Transoral periosteal thyroidectomies were performed in seven living pigs to evaluate the feasibility and safety of the new approach. Total thyroidectomies were performed in all animals. Follow-up examinations were carried out for 7 days and followed by autopsy. Results: Through three trocars in the mandibular periosteal area, it was possible to create a working space under the platysma muscle and to reach the pretracheal area. Total thyroidectomies were also performed via the transoral, mandibular periosteal approach without complications in seven orally intubated living pigs. Postoperatively, the white blood cell count remained normal in all cases. On the postoperative sacrifice of the pigs, three locally encapsulated seromas were observed. Both recurrent laryngeal nerves were intact in all cases. Conclusions: Transoral periosteal thyroidectomy could be feasible and safe.
    Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques 04/2014; DOI:10.1089/lap.2013.0218
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Background: Reducing the length of stay and discharge time for patients could benefit multiple hospital units by saving money, reducing waiting time, and providing the opportunity for more patients to be treated. However, no experience of laparoscopic transcystic common bile duct exploration (LTCBDE) with discharge less than 24 hours has been reported until now. The objective of this study was to assess the feasibility and safety of LTCBDE with discharge less than 24 hours. Patients and Methods: A retrospective review showed that 34 of 111 patients scheduled in our institution were discharged less than 24 hours after LTCBDE between June 1 and December 31, 2011. A multimodal approach including appropriate preoperative assessment, education and counseling, early postoperative oral intake, and early mobilization was carried out. Outcomes were analyzed for patient demographics, postoperative stay, operation time, intraoperative bleeding, and reasons for failed LTCBDE. Results: Of 111 patients admitted for LTCBDE, 34 patients were discharged within 24 hours postoperatively. This study population comprised 11 males and 23 females with a mean age of 54.6±14.7 years (range, 28-79 years). The mean postoperative stay was 20.21±0.39 hours. There were no postoperative complications or deaths during the hospital stay or at the follow-up 12 months postoperatively in these 34 patients. Conclusions: LTCBDE with discharge less than 24 hours is feasible and safe in selected patients with common bile duct stones of no more than three in number and no more than 6 mm in size. The benefit of the multimodal approach and LTCBDE may be synergistic, allowing a quick recovery of gastrointestinal function.
    Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques 04/2014; DOI:10.1089/lap.2013.0537
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Background: Solid pancreatic pseudopapillary tumors make up 1%-3% of all pancreatic tumors, occur predominantly in females, and usually present in the third and fourth decades of life. Less frequently, these tumors may present in children. Complete surgical excision is the treatment of choice with excellent outcomes. Usage of a laparoscopic approach has become more common for adult patients. However, the laparoscopic approach is not routinely used in the pediatric population. Materials and Methods: A literature review was performed noting 13 documented cases of solid pancreatic pseudopapillary tumors resected laparoscopically in children. We report our case series of three children with a solid pancreatic pseudopapillary tumor treated through a minimally invasive approach. Results: In the literature, most patients had the tumor in the body or distal pancreas. The most common complication was pancreatic fistula, which was managed with total parenteral nutrition. In addition, there were reports of recurrence after biopsy of the tumor. In our case series 2 of the 3 patients received a splenectomy because of the proximity of the tumor to the spleen. There were no intraoperative or postoperative complications. Follow-up length from 13 to 36 months revealed no evidence of recurrence. Conclusions: In the pediatric population, solid pancreatic pseudopapillary tumors located in the body or tail of the pancreas can be managed with a laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy.
    Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques 04/2014; DOI:10.1089/lap.2013.0511
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Background: Controversy still exists about the need for pyloric drainage procedures after esophagectomy with gastric conduit reconstruction. Although pyloric drainage may prevent postoperative delayed gastric emptying (DGE), it may also promote dumping syndrome and bile reflux. The aims of this study were to audit the incidence and management of DGE in patients without routine pyloric drainage after esophagectomy in a university medical center. Patients and Methods: From July 2006 to June 2012, data from 356 consecutive patients who underwent esophagectomy with a gastric conduit without pyloric drainage for esophageal or gastric cardia carcinoma were reviewed. Major observation parameters were the incidence, management, and outcomes of DGE. Results: Overall incidence of DGE was 15.7% (56 of 356). Early DGE developed in 26 patients, and late DGE developed in 30 patients. There were no differences in demographic and intraoperative data between the two groups with or without DGE. More DGE was documented in patients with an intra-right thoracic gastric conduit (P=.031). A higher incidence of postoperative pneumonia was observed in patients exhibiting early DGE, but without significance (P=.254). There were also no significant impacts on respiratory failure (P=.848) and anastomotic leakage (P=.257). There was an increased postoperative hospital stay with DGE, but without significance (P=.089). Endoscopic balloon dilatation of the pylorus was used to manage 33.9% of patients with DGE, yielding a 78.9% (15 of 19) success rate without complications. In 3 patients endoscopy showed the pylorus was open, and their symptoms improved over time. One patient with tumor-related DGE was treated by pyloric stent. The remaining patients were adequately treated with conservative management. Conclusions: Omitting the operative drainage procedure does not lead to an increased frequency of DGE after esophagectomy with a gastric conduit. Many patients responded to conservative management, and endoscopic balloon pyloric dilatation can be effective in managing the DGE postoperatively.
    Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques 04/2014; DOI:10.1089/lap.2013.0416
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Background: Recently, robot-assisted neck dissection (ND) using a transaxillary approach in thyroid cancer patients with lateral neck metastases (LNM) was demonstrated to be feasible. The aim of this study was to compare the surgical outcomes of a modified transaxillary and retroauricular (TARA) versus a conventional transcervical approach in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) patients with LNM. Patients and Methods: In total, 47 patients with PTC underwent total thyroidectomy with central compartment ND and modified radical ND except Level I. Twenty-two NDs were performed via the TARA approach, and 25 unilateral NDs were performed via the conventional transcervical approach. Results: The TARA and the open ND groups consisted of 22 and 25 patients, respectively. The operation time for ND in the TARA group was longer than that in the open ND group (209.4±38.2 minutes versus 143.1±30.5 minutes; P=.000). The mean scar satisfaction score in the TARA group was higher than in the conventional ND group (3.9±1.0 versus 2.8±1.0; P=.000). There were no differences in the mean number of retrieved lymph nodes. Conclusions: The robot-assisted ND via the TARA approach can be an alternative option that produces excellent esthetic results for the management of LNM in PTC patients.
    Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques 04/2014; DOI:10.1089/lap.2013.0296