Cancer biology & therapy (Canc Biol Ther)

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

Journal description

Cancer, the second leading cause of death, is a heterogenous group of over 100 diseases. Cancer is characterized by disordered and deregulated cellular and stromal proliferation accompanied by reduced cell death with the ability to survive under stresses of nutrient and growth factor deprivation, hypoxia, and loss of cell-to-cell contacts. At the molecular level, cancer is a genetic disease that develops due to the accumulation of mutations over time in somatic cells. The phenotype includes genomic instability and chromosomal aneuploidy that allows for acceleration of genetic change. Malignant transformation and tumor progression of any cell requires immortalization, loss of checkpoint control, deregulation of growth, and survival. A tremendous amount has been learned about the numerous cellular and molecular genetic changes and the host-tumor interactions that accompany tumor development and progression. It is the goal of the field of Molecular Oncology to use this knowledge to understand cancer pathogenesis and drug action, as well as to develop more effective diagnostic and therapeutic strategies for cancer. This includes preventative strategies as well as approaches to treat metastases. With the availability of the human genome sequence and genomic and proteomic approaches, a wealth of tools and resources are generating even more information. The challenge will be to make biological sense out of the information, to develop appropriate models and hypotheses and to translate information for the clinicians and the benefit of their patients. Cancer Biology & Therapy aims to publish original research on the molecular basis of cancer, including articles with translational relevance to diagnosis or therapy. We will include timely reviews covering the broad scope of the journal. The journal will also publish op-ed pieces and meeting reports of interest. The goal is to foster communication and rapid exchange of information through timely publication of important results using traditional as well as electronic formats. The journal and the outstanding Editorial Board will strive to maintain the highest standards for excellence in all activities to generate a valuable resource.

Current impact factor: 3.07

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2016
2014 Impact Factor 3.072
2013 Impact Factor 3.63
2012 Impact Factor 3.287
2011 Impact Factor 2.636
2010 Impact Factor 2.907
2009 Impact Factor 2.711
2008 Impact Factor 2.761
2007 Impact Factor 2.873
2006 Impact Factor 2.818
2005 Impact Factor 2.981
2004 Impact Factor 3.279
2003 Impact Factor 3.024

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 3.62
Cited half-life 5.70
Immediacy index 0.70
Eigenfactor 0.02
Article influence 1.00
Website Cancer Biology and Therapy website
Other titles Cancer biology & therapy (Online), Cancer biology & therapy, Cancer biology and therapy
ISSN 1555-8576
OCLC 60037853
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Taylor & Francis

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  • Post-print
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    • On author's personal website or departmental website immediately
    • On institutional repository or subject-based repository after either 12 months embargo
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
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    • Published source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Set statements to accompany deposits (see policy)
    • The publisher will deposit in on behalf of authors to a designated institutional repository including PubMed Central, where a deposit agreement exists with the repository
    • STM: Science, Technology and Medicine
    • Publisher last contacted on 25/03/2014
    • This policy is an exception to the default policies of 'Taylor & Francis'
  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the most common malignancy and the leading cause of cancer death worldwide. In this report, we describe a patient with NSCLC who was treated with continuation of Bevacizumab (Bev) beyond progression to first-line Bev-based chemotherapy. The prolonged treatment with Bev by continuing the inhibition of VEGF beyond first-progression has a strong rationale. Nevertheless, few data exist regarding the efficacy and safety of Bev beyond first line of chemotherapy progression in NSCLC patients. Further studies including a large number of patients are needed, in order to select patients who could benefit from this approach.
    Cancer biology & therapy 09/2015; DOI:10.1080/15384047.2015.1095410
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    ABSTRACT: Integrins function in collective migration both as major receptors for extracellular matrix and by crosstalk to adherens junctions. Despite extensive research, important questions remain about how integrin signaling mechanisms are integrated into collective migration programs. Tetraspanins form cell surface complexes with a subset of integrins and thus are good candidates for regulating the balance of integrin functional inputs into cell-matrix and cell-cell interactions. For example, tetraspanin CD151 directly associates with α3β1 integrin in carcinoma cells and promotes rapid α3β1-dependent single cell motility, but CD151 also promotes organized adherens junctions and restrains collective carcinoma cell migration on 2D substrates. However, the individual roles of CD151's integrin partners in CD151's pro-junction activity in carcinoma cells were not well understood. Here we find that CD151 promotes organized carcinoma cell junctions via α3β1 integrin, by a mechanism that requires the α3β1 ligand, laminin-332. Loss of CD151 promotes collective 3D invasion and growth in vitro and in vivo, and the enhanced invasion of CD151-silenced cells is α3 integrin dependent, suggesting that CD151 can regulate the balance between α3β1's pro-junction and pro-migratory activities in collective invasion. An analysis of human cancer cases revealed that changes in CD151 expression can be linked to either better or worse clinical outcomes depending on context, including potentially divergent roles for CD151 in different subsets of breast cancer cases. Thus, the role of the CD151-α3β1 complex in carcinoma progression is context dependent, and may depend on the mode of tumor cell invasion.
    Cancer biology & therapy 09/2015; DOI:10.1080/15384047.2015.1095396
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    ABSTRACT: Treatment of metastatic melanoma has changed dramatically in the past 5 years with the approval of six new agents (vemurafenib, dabrafenib, trametinib, ipilimumab, pembrolizumab, and nivolumab) by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA). This review will compare the immunotherapies recently approved by the FDA (ipilimumab, nivolumab and pembrolizumab) with the long-approved immunotherapy, interleukin-2. Additional consideration will be given to the evolving landscape, including the opportunities for combination regimens. Immunotherapies have distinct mechanisms of action and unique response kinetics that differ from conventional cytotoxic and targeted therapies, and have a range of adverse events that can be safely managed by experienced health care providers. Data suggest immunotherapies can result in long-term survival in a proportion of patients. This dynamic and evolving field of immunotherapy for melanoma will continue to offer challenges in terms of optimal patient management for the foreseeable future.
    Cancer biology & therapy 09/2015; DOI:10.1080/15384047.2015.1095401
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    ABSTRACT: The present studies sought to determine whether the lethality of the drug combination [sorafenib + sildenafil] could be enhanced by the anti-inflammatory agent celecoxib, using ovarian cancer and other tumor cell lines as models. Also, in a dose dependent fashion celecoxib enhanced [sorafenib + sildenafil] lethality in multiple ovarian cancer cell lines. In a dose dependent fashion celecoxib enhanced the ability of [sorafenib + sildenafil] to reduce expression of multiple chaperone proteins in parallel with lower levels of the drug efflux pumps ABCB1 and ABCG2. Over-expression of GRP78 and HSP27 maintained pump expression in the presence of drugs. Cell killing by the three drug combination was mediated by mitochondrial / caspase 9 -dependent apoptotic signaling and by RIP-1 / caspases 2 and 4 / AIF -dependent necroptotic signaling. Pre-treatment of intrinsically resistant primary ovarian cancer cells with [celecoxib + sorafenib + sildenafil] significantly enhanced tumor cell killing by a subsequent cisplatin exposure. Similar data were obtained in some cancer cell lines, but not all, using the related platinum containing drugs, oxaliplatin and carboplatin. As our prior publications have also validated in vivo the combinations of [celecoxib + sildenafil] and [sorafenib + sildenafil] as cytotoxic to multiple tumor cell types, combined with the present findings, we would argue that the combination of celecoxib/sorafenib/sildenafil should be explored in a new phase I trial in ovarian cancer.
    Cancer biology & therapy 09/2015; DOI:10.1080/15384047.2015.1099769
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    ABSTRACT: Chewing tobacco is a common practice in certain socio-economic sections of southern Asia, particularly in the Indian subcontinent and has been well associated with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. The molecular mechanisms of chewing tobacco which leads to malignancy remains unclear. In large majority of studies, short-term exposure to tobacco has been evaluated. From a biological perspective, however, long-term (chronic) exposure to tobacco mimics the pathogenesis of oral cancer more closely. We developed a cell line model to investigate the chronic effects of chewing tobacco. Chronic exposure to tobacco resulted in higher cellular proliferation and invasive ability of the normal oral keratinocytes (OKF6/TERT1). We carried out quantitative proteomic analysis of OKF6/TERT1 cells chronically treated with chewing tobacco compared to the untreated cells. We identified a total of 3,636 proteins among which expression of 408 proteins were found to be significantly altered. Among the overexpressed proteins, stearoyl-CoA desaturase (SCD) was found to be 2.6-fold overexpressed in the tobacco treated cells. Silencing/inhibition of SCD using its specific siRNA or inhibitor led to a decrease in cellular proliferation, invasion and colony forming ability of not only the tobacco treated cells but also in a panel of head and neck cancer cell lines. These findings suggest that chronic exposure to chewing tobacco induced carcinogenesis in non-malignant oral epithelial cells and SCD plays an essential role in this process. The current study provides evidence that SCD can act as a potential therapeutic target in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma, especially in patients who are users of tobacco.
    Cancer biology & therapy 09/2015; DOI:10.1080/15384047.2015.1078022
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    ABSTRACT: Some compounds of a series of novel pyrrolo-1,5-benzoxa(thia)zepine, a well-known group of tubulin targeting agents, display anti-tumour effects mainly inducing cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in several human cancer models. A member of this family, pyrrolo-1,5-benzoxazepine-15 (PBOX-15), has previously shown potent pro-apoptotic activity in a variety of human tumor cell types, with minimal toxicity towards normal blood and bone marrow cells. In this study, we evaluated the PBOX-15-mediated effects in human colorectal cancer cell (CRC) lines, DLD-1 and HT-29. The compound, used at concentrations equal to or greater than 1μM, inhibited the proliferation of human CRC cells, inducing a significant cell cycle arrest in the G2/M phase. In DLD-1 cells, treatments prolonged over 48 h triggered a strong activation of the intrinsic apoptotic pathway as indicated by activation of caspase-9, caspase-3 and PARP cleavage. Moreover, nanomolar concentrations of PBOX-15, significantly improved the oxaliplatin and 5-fluouracil-induced anti-proliferative effects in DLD1 cell line. The observed synergistic interaction of both PBOX-15/Oxaliplatin and PBOX-15/5FU may involve activation of p38 MAPK and JNK pathway, which in turn significantly increased caspase-3 cleavage in DLD-1 cells, treated with PBOX-5/Oxaliplatin but not with PBOX-15/5FU. Moreover, PBOX-15/5FU-treated cells showed an increase in expression of the pro-apoptotic protein Bax. Taken together, these results show that PBOX-15 could represent a promising compound for the treatment of human CRC and a strong candidate for novel therapeutic options.
    Cancer biology & therapy 09/2015; DOI:10.1080/15384047.2015.1078028
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    ABSTRACT: To develop a potent cancer vaccine, it is important to study how to prepare highly immunogenic antigens and to identify the most appropriate adjuvants for the antigens. Here we show that a tumor lysate works as an effective antigen to prime CD4(+) T-cell help when baculovirus is employed as an adjuvant. When immunized intradermally with the combination (BLP) of baculovirus, a CT26 tumor lysate, and a cytotoxic T-cell epitope peptide before a tumor challenge, 60% of mice rejected tumors. In contrast, all mice vaccinated with baculovirus plus a tumor lysate (BL) developed tumors. In addition, flow cytometry showed that tumor-specific, interferon γ-producing CD8(+) cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) were robustly activated by intradermal immunization with BLP. When BLP was administered therapeutically to tumor-bearing mice, antitumor efficacy was better compared to BL. The established tumor was completely eradicated in 50-60% of BLP-treated mice, and induction of tumor-specific CTLs was observed, suggesting that the antitumor efficacy of BLP is mediated by CD8(+) T cells. Numerous CD4(+) T cells infiltrated the tumors of BLP-treated mice, whereas the antitumor effect of BLP almost disappeared after removal of the tumor lysate from BLP or after depletion of BLP-immunized mice of CD4(+) T cells. Thus, the combination of a peptide, lysate, and baculovirus provides stronger antitumor immunity than does a peptide plus baculovirus or a lysate plus baculovirus; effectiveness of BLP is determined by functioning of CD4(+) T cells stimulated with a tumor lysate.
    Cancer biology & therapy 09/2015; DOI:10.1080/15384047.2015.1078027
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    ABSTRACT: Invasion and metastasis via induction of matrix metalloproteinases are the main causes of death in melanoma cancer. In this study, we investigated the inhibitory effects of heat killed saprophytic bacterium Mycobacterium indicus pranii (Mw) on B16F10 melanoma cell invasion. Mw reported to be an immunomodulator has antitumor activity however, its effect on cancer cell invasion has not been studied. Highly invasive B16F10 melanoma was found sensitive to Mw which downregulated MMP-9 expression. Mw treatment inhibited nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) and activator protein-1 (AP-1) transcriptional activity and respective DNA binding to MMP-9 promoter. Moreover, Mw also overcame the promoting effects of PMA on B16F10 cell invasion. Mw decreased PMA-induced transcriptional activation of NF-κB and AP-1 by inhibiting phosphorylation of AKT and ERK-1/2. Furthermore, Mw strongly suppressed PMA-induced membrane localization of protein kinase C α (PKCα) since PKCα inhibition caused a marked decrease in PMA-induced MMP-9 secretion as well as AKT/ERK-1/2 activation. These results suggest that Mw may be a promising anti-invasive agent as it blocks tumor growth and inhibits B16F10 cell invasion by reducing MMP-9 activation through inhibition of PKCα/ AKT/ ERK-1/2 phosphorylation and NF-κB/AP-1 activation.
    Cancer biology & therapy 09/2015; DOI:10.1080/15384047.2015.1078024
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    ABSTRACT: To avoid cell cycle arrest or apoptosis, rapidly proliferating cancer cells have to promote DNA double strand break (DSB) repair to fix replication stress induced DSBs. Therefore, developing drugs blocking homologous recombination (HR) and nonhomologous end joining (NHEJ) - two major DSB repair pathways - holds great potential for cancer therapy. Over the last few decades, much attention has been paid to explore drugs targeting DSB repair pathways for cancer therapy. Here, using two well-established reporters for analyzing HR and NHEJ efficiency, we found that both HR and NHEJ are elevated in hepatoma cell lines Hep3B and HuH7 compared with normal liver cell lines Chang liver and QSG-7701. Our further study found that Harmine, a natural compound, negatively regulates HR but not NHEJ by interfering Rad51 recruitment, resulting in severe cytotoxicity in hepatoma cells. Furthermore, NHEJ inhibitor Nu7441 markedly sensitizes Hep3B cells to the anti-proliferative effects of Harmine. Taken together, our study suggested that Harmine holds great promise as an oncologic drug and combination of Harmine with a NHEJ inhibitor might be an effective strategy for anti-cancer treatment.
    Cancer biology & therapy 09/2015; DOI:10.1080/15384047.2015.1078021
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    ABSTRACT: Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK) is a non-receptor tyrosine kinase that has mainly been studied in hematopoietic cells. We have investigated whether BTK is a potential therapeutic target in prostate cancer. We find that BTK is expressed in prostate cells, with the alternate BTK-C isoform predominantly expressed in prostate cancer cells and tumors. This isoform is transcribed from an alternative promoter and results in a protein with an amino-terminal extension. Prostate cancer cell lines and prostate tumors express more BTK-C transcript than the malignant NAMALWA B-cell line or human lymphomas. BTK protein expression is also observed in tumor tissue from prostate cancer patients. Down regulation of this protein with RNAi or inhibition with BTK-specific inhibitors, Ibrutinib, AVL-292 or CGI-1746 decrease cell survival and induce apoptosis in prostate cancer cells. Microarray results show that inhibiting BTK under these conditions increases expression of apoptosis related genes, while overexpression of BTK-C is associated with elevated expression of genes with functions related to cell adhesion, cytoskeletal structure and the extracellular matrix. These results are consistent with studies that show that BTK signaling is important for adhesion and migration of B cells and suggest that BTK-C may confer similar properties to prostate cancer cells. Since BTK-C is a survival factor for these cells, it represents both a potential biomarker and novel therapeutic target for prostate cancer.
    Cancer biology & therapy 09/2015; DOI:10.1080/15384047.2015.1078023
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    ABSTRACT: Quantification of Circulating Tumor Cells (CTCs) as a prognostic marker in metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) has already been validated and approved for routine use. However, more than quantification, qualification or characterization of CTCs is gaining importance, since the genetic characterization of CTCs may reflect, in a real time fashion, genetic profile of the disease. To characterize KRAS mutations (codon 12 and 13) in CTCs from patients with mCRC and to compare with matched primary tumor. Additionally, correlate these mutations with clinical and pathological features of patients. Blood samples were collected from 26 patients with mCRC from the AC Camargo Cancer Center. CTCs were isolated by ISET technology (Isolation by Size of Epithelial Tumors; Rarecells Diagnostics, France) and mutations analyzes were performed by pyrosequencing (QIAGEN). KRAS mutation was detected in 7 of the 21 cases (33%) of samples from CTCs. In matched primary tumors, 9 of the 24 cases (37.5%) were found KRAS mutated. We observed that 5 of the 9 samples with KRAS mutation in their primary tumor had also KRAS mutation in CTCs, meaning a concordance of 71% of matched cases (P=0.017). KRAS mutation neither on primary tumor nor in CTCs was associated with clinical-pathological parameters analyzed. Faced with a polyclonal disease like colorectal cancer, which is often treated with alternating and successive lines of chemotherapy, real time genetic characterization of CTCs, in a fast and feasible fashion, can provide important information to clinical management of metastatic patients. Although our cohort was limited, it was possible to show a high grade of concordance between primary tumor and CTCs, which suggests that CTCs can be used as surrogate of primary tumors in clinical practice, when the knowledge of mutation profile is necessary and the primary tumor is not available.
    Cancer biology & therapy 08/2015; DOI:10.1080/15384047.2015.1070991
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    ABSTRACT: Following a genotoxic stress, the tumor suppressor p53 translocates to mitochondria to take part in direct induction of apoptosis, via interaction with BCL-2 family members such as BAK and BAX. We determined the kinetics of the mitochondrial translocation of p53 in HCT-116 and PA-1 cells exposed to different genotoxic stresses (doxorubicin, camptothecin, UVB). This analysis revealed an early escalation in the amount of mitochondrial p53, followed by a peak amount and a decrease of mitochondrial p53 at later time points. We show that the serine 20 phosphorylated form of p53 is present at the mitochondria and that the decrease of p53 mitochondrial level during late apoptosis correlates with a decrease of Ser-20 phosphorylation. Moreover, the S20A p53 mutant translocates well to mitochondria after a genotoxic stress but its mitochondrial localization is very low during late apoptosis when compared to wt p53. The S20A mutant also appears to be compromised for interaction with BAK. We propose here that the level of serine 20 phosphorylation is influential on p53 mitochondrial localization during late apoptosis. Additionally, we report the presence of a new ≃45 kDa caspase-cleaved fragment of p53 in the cytosolic and mitochondrial fractions of apoptotic cells.
    Cancer biology & therapy 08/2015; DOI:10.1080/15384047.2015.1070978
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    ABSTRACT: Sphingolipid metabolism has been identified as a potential therapeutic target in cancer. Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) is a potent bioactive sphingolipid metabolite produced by sphingosine kinases-1 and -2 (SPHK1 and SPHK2). Elevated SPHK1 has been found in numerous cancer types and been shown to contribute to survival, chemotherapeutic resistance and malignancy. However, its role in large granular Natural Killer (NK)-lymphocyte (LGL) leukemia has not been investigated. Here, we examine SPHK1 as a therapeutic target in LGL leukemia. We found that SPHK1 is overexpressed in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from LGL leukemia patients which results in elevated S1P in the sera. The use of SPHK1 inhibitors, SKI-II or SKI-178, decreased leukemic NK cell viability and induced caspase-dependent apoptosis. SKI-II and SKI-178 restored the sphingolipid balance by increasing ceramide and decreasing S1P in leukemic NKL cells. SKI-II and SKI-178 also induced apoptosis in primary NK-LGLs from leukemia patients. Mechanistic studies in NK-LGL cell lines demonstrated that SKI-178 and SKI-II induced cell cycle arrest at G2M. We found that SKI-178 induced phosphorylation of Bcl-2 at Ser70, and that this was dependent on CDK1. We further show that SPHK1 inhibition with SKI-178 leads to decreased JAK-STAT signaling. Our data demonstrate that SPHK1 represents a novel therapeutic target for the treatment of NK-LGL leukemia.
    Cancer biology & therapy 08/2015; DOI:10.1080/15384047.2015.1078949
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    ABSTRACT: The Zinc finger X-chromosomal protein (ZFX), a novel member of the Krueppel C2H2-type zinc finger protein family, has been implicated in multiple human cancers. However, the clinical significance of ZFX expression in gallbladder cancer (GBC) remains largely unknown. In this study, we focused on the clinical significance, biological function and mechanism of ZFX in GBC, and found that ZFX protein overexpression was frequently detected in GBC tissues. The expression of ZFX was significantly correlated with histological grade, perineural invasion, and margin status and lead to a significantly poorer prognosis in GBC patients(P <0.001). Furthermore, knockdown of ZFX result in significant inhibition of proliferation, migration, invasion and cause cell cycle arrest in GBC-SD cells, while over-expression of ZFX in NOZ shows the opposite results. Activation of PI3K/AKT pathway maybe the potential mechanism behind these effects. In conclusion, ZFX may serve as a oncogene and could be used as a potential prognostic marker and genetic treatment target for GBC patients.
    Cancer biology & therapy 07/2015; DOI:10.1080/15384047.2015.1070994
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    ABSTRACT: A greater understanding of the molecular basis of breast cancer metastasis will lead to identification of novel therapeutic targets and better treatments. Rap1B is a small GTPase that suppresses the metastasis of breast cancer cells by increasing cell-cell adhesion. In breast cancer, a decrease in Rap1B prenylation and subsequent loss of Rap1B at the plasma membrane decreases cell-cell adhesion and increases cell scattering, which promotes the metastatic phenotype. Protein kinase A (PKA) was recently found to phosphorylate Rap1B and inhibit its prenylation. PKA is activated by G protein-coupled receptors (GPCR) that stimulate Gαs. In this study, we investigated whether the general Gαs activator, cholera toxin, and agonists of the β-adrenergic receptor (βAR), which is a Gαs-coupled GPCR, promote Rap1B phosphorylation and inhibit its prenylation. We show here that cholera toxin and βAR activation phosphorylate Rap1B and inhibit its prenylation and membrane localization, reducing cell-cell adhesion and promoting cell scattering. Furthermore, we report that breast cancer cell migration is decreased by the FDA-approved β-blocker, propranolol. Pharmacological targeting of GPCRs, especially those such as the βAR that are regulated by FDA-approved drugs, to increase cell adhesion and decrease cell scattering could provide a promising therapeutic approach to reduce breast cancer metastasis.
    Cancer biology & therapy 07/2015; DOI:10.1080/15384047.2015.1070988
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    ABSTRACT: We previously established that hepatocyte cell adhesion molecule (hepaCAM), a typical structure of immunoglobulin (Ig)-like adhesion molecules, inhibited the proliferation and the progression of cultured human bladder cancer cells. As increasing evidence reveals that aberrant activation of canonical Wnt pathway is involved in the pathogenesis of bladder cancer, and β-catenin serves as a pivotal molecule of Wnt pathway. Then, we explored whether the anti-proliferation effect of hepaCAM was associated with Wnt/β-catenin pathway in human bladder cancer cells. The negative correlation between hepaCAM and β-catenin in transitional cell carcinoma of bladder (TCCB) was found. Follow by, studied the effect of hepaCAM on the key elements of Wnt pathway. Here, Our researches showed that hepaCAM played a central role in modulating the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway by interfering nuclear protein levels of β-catenin, leading to down-regulate transcriptional activity of LEF/TCF and its target genes c-Myc and cyclinD1. Mechanistically, we demonstrated that hepaCAM-activated GSK3β led to elevate the phosphorylation of β-catenin, contributing to the aberrant translocation of β-catenin. In addition, Anti-proliferation and associated molecular mechanisms of hepaCAM were demonstrated by using vivo experiment. In conclusion, our reports uncover that expression of hepaCAM suppresses the proliferation of bladder cancer cells through a Wnt/β-catenin-dependent signaling pathway in vitro and in vivo.
    Cancer biology & therapy 07/2015; DOI:10.1080/15384047.2015.1071732
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    ABSTRACT: In a previous study we reported the role of potent bisindole-PBD conjugate as an inclusion in the arsenal of breast cancer therapeutics. In breast cancer cell proliferation, PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway plays a crucial role by prosurvival mechanism that inhibits programmed cell death. Here, two breast cancer cells lines, MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 were treated with Vorinostat (suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid / SAHA) and bisindole-PBD (5b). We have investigated the effect on PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway and SIRT expression including epigenetic regulation. There was consistent decrease in the level of PI3K, AKT, mTOR proteins upon treatment of 5b in both MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 cell lines compared to untreated controls. Treatment with caspase inhibitor (Q-VD-OPH) confirmed that the effect of 5b on PI3K signaling was ahead of apoptosis. Real time PCR and western blot analysis showed profound reduction in the mRNA and protein levels of SIRT1 and SIRT2. Molecular docking studies also supported the interaction of 5b with various amino acids of SIRT2 proteins. Treatment with 5b caused epigenetic changes that include increase of acetylated forms of p53, increase of histone acetylation at p21 promoter as well as decrease in methylation state of p21 gene. Compound 5b thus acts as SIRT inhibitor and cause p53 activation via inhibition of growth factor signaling and activation of p53 dependent apoptotic signaling. This present study focuses bisindole-PBD on epigenetic alteration putting 5b as a promising therapeutic tool in the realm of breast cancer research.
    Cancer biology & therapy 07/2015; DOI:10.1080/15384047.2015.1071731