Human vaccines (HUM VACCINES )

Publisher: Landes Bioscience


Human Vaccines is a unique new peer-reviewed journal with an international audience that covers the following topics: discovery, research, enabling technologies, preclinical development, toxicology, product development, assays and quality control, process development, clinical studies, regulatory affairs, commercial, utilization, policy, safety, epidemiology, preventive vaccines, therapeutic vaccines, infectious disease targets, and non-infectious disease targets, e.g., cancer, allergy, autoimmunity.

  • Impact factor
  • 5-year impact
  • Cited half-life
  • Immediacy index
  • Eigenfactor
  • Article influence
  • Website
    Human Vaccines website
  • Other titles
    Human vaccines (Online), Human vaccines
  • ISSN
  • OCLC
  • Material type
    Document, Periodical, Internet resource
  • Document type
    Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Landes Bioscience

  • Pre-print
    • Author cannot archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Authors final version only
    • On Institutional Repository
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Published source must be acknowledged
    • Landes Bioscience will despoit in PubMed Central or UKPMC within 6-12 months of publication, depending on funding agency policy
    • Embargos on funding agency requirements, can be removed by payment of Open Access fee
    • Publisher's version/PDF may be used upon payment of Open Access fee
  • Classification
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Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: High strain sequence variability, interference with innate immune mechanisms, and epitope deletion are all examples of strategies that pathogens have evolved to subvert host defenses. To this list we would add another strategy: immune camouflage. Pathogens whose epitope sequences are cross-conserved with multiple human proteins at the TCR-facing residues may be exploiting "ignorance and tolerance", which are mechanisms by which mature T cells avoid immune responses to self-antigens. By adopting amino acid configurations that may be recognized by autologous regulatory T cells, pathogens may be actively suppressing protective immunity. Using the new JanusMatrix TCR-homology-mapping tool, we have identified several such 'camouflaged' tolerizing epitopes that are present in the viral genomes of pathogens such as emerging H7N9 influenza. Thus in addition to the overall low number of T helper epitopes that is present in H7 hemaglutinin (as described previously, see, the presence of such tolerizing epitopes in H7N9 could explain why, in recent vaccine trials, whole H7N9-HA was poorly immunogenic and associated with low seroconversion rates (see In this commentary, we provide an overview of the immunoinformatics process leading to the discovery of tolerizing epitopes in pathogen genomic sequences, provide a brief summary of laboratory data that validates the discovery, and point the way forward. Removal of viral, bacterial and parasite tolerizing epitopes may permit researchers to develop more effective vaccines and immunotherapeutics in the future. Find the article here:
    Human vaccines 12/2014; 10(12).
  • Human vaccines 09/2014; 7 Suppl:1.
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    ABSTRACT: Uterine cancer is the most common pelvic gynecological malignancy. Uterine sarcomas and relapsed uterine carcinomas have limited treatment options. The search for new therapies is urgent. Dendritic cell (DC) immunotherapy holds much promise, though has been poorly explored in uterine cancer. This commentary gives an insight in existing DC immunotherapy studies in uterine cancer and summarizes the possibilities and the importance of the loading of tumor antigens onto DC and their subsequent maturation. However, the sole application of DC immunotherapy to target uterine cancer will be insufficient because of tumor-induced immunosuppression, which will hamper the establishment of an effective anti-tumor immune response. The authors give an overview on the limited existing immunosuppressive data and propose a novel approach on DC immunotherapy in uterine cancer.
    Human vaccines 04/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Haemagglutination inhibition (HI) and neutralization (NT) titers as well as haemagglutinin (HA) specific antibody responses were examined in 50 healthy adults aged between 22 and 69 y old after two intranasal administrations of an inactivated whole virus vaccine derived from A/Victoria/210/2009 virus (45 μg HA per dose) at 3 week intervals. Serum HI titers after two-doses of the nasal vaccine showed > 2.5-fold rise in the ratio of geometric mean titer upon vaccination, > 40% of subjects with a ≥4-fold increase in titer and > 70% of subjects with a titer of ≥1:40, all parameters associated with an effective outcome of vaccination in the criteria defined by the European Medicines Agency. Serum neutralizing antibody responses correlated with HI antibody responses, although NT titers were about 2-fold higher than HI titers. These high levels of serum responses were accompanied by high levels of HI and neutralizing antibody responses in nasal mucus as measured in concentrated nasal wash samples that were about 10 times diluted compared with natural nasal mucus. Serum and nasal HI and neutralizing antibody responses consisted of HA-specific IgG and IgA antibody responses, with IgG and IgA antibodies being dominant in serum and nasal responses, respectively.
    Human vaccines 06/2013; 9(9).
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    ABSTRACT: Toxoplasma gondii is a ubiquitous protozoan parasite that can infect a wide range of animals including humans. This single known species in the genus Toxoplasma is considered as one of the most successful eukaryotic pathogens which is of major medical and veterinary importance. Effective vaccines may contribute toward preventing and controlling the spread of toxoplasmosis. The present communication addresses the current status of development of vaccines against T. gondii. Further discussion is made on the difficulties along with challenges, such as vaccine construct, mode of vaccine administration and standardization of immunization evaluation. Finally suggestions are made on possible directions for future research on the development of vaccines against T. gondii.
    Human vaccines 10/2012; 8(10):1305-1308.
  • Human vaccines 03/2012; 8(3).
  • Human vaccines 01/2012;
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    ABSTRACT: Dr. Yin started his research on infectious disease prevention in the 1980s. In 1985, Dr. Yin sucessfully isolated the hepatitis A virus, after which, in 2002, he developed the first proprietary inactivated hepatitis A vaccine in China and soon launched it into the China market. Led by Dr. Yin, Sinovac successfully developed the vaccine prducts against SARS, H5N1, H1N1, hepatitis A and B and infleunza. Currently, Sinovac is working on the R&D of EV71 vaccine against hand, foot and mouth disease, and pneumococcal conjugate vaccine. Sinovac aims to provide Chinese children with international quality vaccines, and provide children in the world with vaccines made in China.
    Human vaccines 12/2011; 7(12):1250-3.
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    ABSTRACT: The primary objective of this study was to assess determinants of vaccine uptake in adults living in Germany exemplified by one standard vaccination (tetanus) and one vaccination targeting specific risk-groups (seasonal influenza). Data from 21,262 telephone household-interviews representative of the adult population in Germany were collected in 2009 and analysed. A total 73.1% of the adult population had a sufficient tetanus vaccination status according to national recommendations (i.e. last tetanus shot ≤10 years ago). Influenza vaccination coverage in the target population (i.e. persons ≥60 years, chronically ill, healthcare workers) was 44.1%. Persons who received professional vaccination advice within the past five years were more frequently vaccinated against tetanus and influenza than persons without (p< 0.001). Private physicians were identified as the most important source for vaccination advice. Having a statutory health insurance, last physician contact < 1 year ago, and living in the eastern part of Germany were independently associated with higher tetanus and influenza vaccine uptake. Low socio-economic status, two-sided migration background, and the feeling of being insufficiently informed on the benefits of vaccination were independently associated with low uptake of tetanus but not influenza vaccines. Our results show that tetanus vaccination coverage in the general adult population and influenza vaccination coverage in the target population are unsatisfactorily low in Germany. Since physicians' advice has a major impact on the vaccination decision, physician reminder systems could provide a method to increase vaccination coverage in adults. For tetanus, information activities should target population groups with an increased risk of being undervaccinated.
    Human vaccines 12/2011; 7(12):1317-25.
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    ABSTRACT: Even among vaccinated cohorts, prevention and control of mumps outbreaks remain a challenge, owing to sub-optimal population immunity. This is especially true in confined settings, where a single case could be the index for an imminent outbreak. Efficacy of post-exposure prophylaxis has not been demonstrated, while early identification of mumps and comprehensive vaccination of populations in confined settings during outbreaks may enable containment of mumps and disrupt further spread. However, we are not aware of official international guidelines concerning vaccination of exposed individuals during an outbreak, especially in a confined setting. In this article we present our experience with mumps containment during outbreaks through vaccination campaigns in the Israeli civilian and military populations and discuss lessons for containment efforts in other settings. Our analysis shows that a comprehensive ring vaccination should be considered in any case of mumps in confined settings.
    Human vaccines 12/2011; 7(12):1389-93.