Fetal and pediatric pathology (Fetal Pediatr Pathol )

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

Description

Fetal and Pediatric Pathology is an established bimonthly international journal that publishes data on diseases of the developing embryo, newborns, children, and adolescents. The journal publishes original and review articles and reportable case reports. The expanded scope of the journal encompasses molecular basis of genetic disorders; molecular basis of diseases that lead to implantation failures; molecular basis of abnormal placentation; placentology and molecular basis of habitual abortion; intrauterine development and molecular basis of embryonic death; pathogenisis and etiologic factors involved in sudden infant death syndrome; the underlying molecular basis, and pathogenesis of diseases that lead to morbidity and mortality in newborns; prenatal, perinatal, and pediatric diseases and molecular basis of diseases of childhood including solid tumors and tumors of the hematopoietic system; and experimental and molecular pathology.

  • Impact factor
    0.36
  • 5-year impact
    0.00
  • Cited half-life
    0.00
  • Immediacy index
    0.00
  • Eigenfactor
    0.00
  • Article influence
    0.00
  • Website
    Fetal and Pediatric Pathology website
  • Other titles
    Fetal and pediatric pathology (Online), Fetal and pediatric pathology
  • ISSN
    1551-3823
  • OCLC
    55959727
  • Material type
    Document, Periodical, Internet resource
  • Document type
    Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Taylor & Francis

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author cannot archive a post-print version
  • Restrictions
    • 12 month embargo for STM, Behavioural Science and Public Health Journals
    • 18 month embargo for SSH journals
  • Conditions
    • Some individual journals may have policies prohibiting pre-print archiving
    • Pre-print on authors own website, Institutional or Subject Repository
    • Post-print on authors own website, Institutional or Subject Repository
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • On a non-profit server
    • Published source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Set statements to accompany deposits (see policy)
    • Publisher will deposit to PMC on behalf of NIH authors.
    • STM: Science, Technology and Medicine
    • SSH: Social Science and Humanities
    • 'Taylor & Francis (Psychology Press)' is an imprint of 'Taylor & Francis'
  • Classification
    ​ yellow

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The pulmonary neuroendocrine cells (PNEC) are located in the epithelial lining of the airways and consist of solitary neuroendocrine cells (NEC) and NEC clusters, the neuroepithelial bodies (NEB). During fetal life, PNEC are the first to differentiate within the primitive airway epithelium, and bombesin expression favors branching of the respiratory tree. We investigated PNEC in Down syndrome (DS), where the lungs often show enlarged and reduced number of alveoli. Immunohistochemistry for bombesin and synaptophysin, PNEC markers, was evaluated in fetal lungs from 15 cases of DS and 11 age-matched controls from the 17th to 23rd week of gestation. Morphometric analysis assessed PNEC in the mucosal lining of each lung, expressed as number/mm. Nonparametric Mann-Whitney U test showed no statistical difference in frequency of PNEC in DS and controls. Our findings suggest that, at least in late second trimester, the distribution and frequency of PNEC in DS fetuses is not altered.
    Fetal and pediatric pathology 06/2014; 33(3):157-65.
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    ABSTRACT: Crouzon syndrome is a rare genetic disorder. It is inherited as an autosomal dominant pattern. Mutations in the FGFR2 gene are known to cause Crouzon syndrome. Craniofacial abnormalities are common at birth and may progress with time. The severity of these signs and symptoms varies among affected children. A full term, large for date, male baby was delivered to a gravida 2 mother by cesarean section having facial dimorphism suggestive of Crouzon syndrome. Genetic team confirmed the diagnosis. Baby had severe respiratory distress. On work up, upper bony airway narrowing was found (diameter 3 mm). Later on, baby was operated for the same. Baby is asymptomatic now and doing well up to 2 months of follow-up. Management of Crouzon disease is multidisciplinary and early diagnosis has prime importance. Follow-up must ensure late features like hearing problems, vision problems, dental problems, intelligence, cranial synostosis, and upper airway problems.
    Fetal and pediatric pathology 05/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To compare the incidence of histopathological features in placentas from women with cholestasis of pregnancy to healthy individuals without ICP. Methods: Placentas from mothers with and without cholestasis of pregnancy were reviewed by a pathologist masked to the study group. Subjects were excluded if they had medical problems already associated with placental histopathology. Results: Twenty-four cases and 30 controls placentas were reviewed. Seventeen placental histopathological features were found. There was no statistically significant difference between the groups. Amongst patients with cholestasis, there was a decrease in villitis of unknown etiology in those treated with ursodeoxycholic acid. Conclusion: There is no difference in the placental histopathology in cholestasis of pregnancy compared to normal pregnancies, but treatment of patients with cholestasis of pregnancy with ursodeoxycholic acid may decrease findings of villitis of unknown etiology.
    Fetal and pediatric pathology 04/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: We have read with great interest the article by Lausten-Thomsen et al. entitled "Inflammatory Markers in Umbilical Cord Blood from Small-For-Gestational-Age Newborns" in which they report Interleukin 6 (IL-6), Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels in umbilical cord blood from small-for-gestational-age (SGA) and healthy newborns. In this regard, we would like to make some additions to paper in respect to interpretations of biochemical markers. Normal CRP concentration in healthy human serum is usually lower than 10 mg/L, slightly increasing with aging. Acute inflammatory response causes release of IL-6 and other cytokines that trigger the synthesis of CRP by the liver. In this article, IL-6 levels reported as elevated but CRP levels have remained in normal range. In this situation, increasing in IL-6 levels should be approached suspiciously. Although decreased TNF-α level was compatible with IL-6 levels, increased IL-6 levels did not cause CRP elevation in this study.
    Fetal and pediatric pathology 03/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Amongst the lung tumors, granular cell tumor (GCT), also known as granular cell myoblastoma, or Abrikossoff is one of the rarest tumors. Herein, we present a case of a 6-year-old male child who presented with a history of cough, fever and recurrent pneumonia due to a 8 × 5 × 3 cm GCT.
    Fetal and pediatric pathology 03/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Pyruvate kinase deficiency (PKD) is one of the most common enzymatic defects in humans and it is an autosomal recessive disorder causing chronic nonspherocytic hemolytic anemia. Methods: A two-year-old male baby with severe hemolytic anemia and low level of pyruvate kinase (PK) activity was enrolled in this study. All exons of PKLR gene and their flanking sequences were amplified from the patient's genomic DNA using PCR. Bioinformatics software was used to evaluate the functional impacts of the mutations found in this study. Results: It was here demonstrated that the boy harbored a previously described mutation (c. 941T>C) in exon 7 and a novel mutation (c. 1183 G>C) in exon 9 of PKLR gene. Both mutations led to significant structural alterations and decreased enzymatic activity of PK, as predicted by tool software. Conclusions: The compound heterozygous mutations in the PKLR gene were the cause of inherited PKD for this patient.
    Fetal and pediatric pathology 03/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Cervical polyps (CP) are quite common in adults, they are extremely rare in children and adolescents. CP containing mesonephric duct remnants (MDR) are few millimeters in size and seldom grossly visible. Case: A 14-year-old female admitted with massive vaginal bleeding with an intact wide hymeneal opening. Pelvic MRI revealed 47 mm × 25 mm × 35 mm polypoid mass originating from the endometrial cavity. During vaginoscopy, a polypoid mass was detected at 9 o'clock position of right lip of ectocervix and was totally excised. Light microscopy showed CP including small round or branched glands containing inspissated eosinophilic secretions and patchy chronic inflammatory infiltrate. The patient was diagnosed as gaint CP containing MDR. Conclusion: Giant CP is an uncommon variant of classical polyps and exhibit distinct clinical and pathologic features. However, MDR are benign lesions of cervix, detailed histopathological evaluation should be performed to all CP to differentiate malignant lesions.
    Fetal and pediatric pathology 03/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Mucinous tumors of ovary are primarily diagnosed in middle-aged and elder woman. They are very infrequent in the first two decades of life and exceedingly rare in premenarchal girls. We reviewed the past 20 years of our institutional pathology files and studied the clinicopathological features of the childhood ovarian mucinous tumor cases. The study concluded that ovarian mucinous tumor cases in childhood, including premenarchal cases, may not be as rare as people previously estimated and discovered some unique features of the tumors in this age group that are beneficial for better prognosis prediction and clinical management, as well as better understanding of pathogenesis of ovarian epithelial tumors.
    Fetal and pediatric pathology 02/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Extragonadal pure yolk sac tumor of sinonasal origin is very rare. We report herein a case with sinonasal yolk sac tumor in a 1 year and 3 months old girl. The initial complaint was persistent nasal bleeding for about 2 months. Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed a lobulated soft tissue mass in paranasal sinus that extended to oral cavity, nasopharynx, and oropharynx. The histology showed typical features of yolk sac tumor and the positive immunohistochemical staining of SALL4 and α-fetoprotein. After tumor excision, adjuvant chemotherapy of JEB regimen was prescribed. After the follow-up for 13-months, α-fetoprotein was normal and neither tumor progression nor metastasis was found. We review the previous literature and discuss the etiology, histology, treatment, and the prognosis of the rare sinonasal yolk sac tumor.
    Fetal and pediatric pathology 02/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: We reviewed our Children's Hospital autopsies (1986-2009, 3-8 year groups) to determine the contribution of infections/inflammation to death and trends over time. Infections were categorized as (1) underlying cause of death, (2) mechanism of death complicating another underlying cause of death, (3) contributing (4) agonal or (5) incidental. Of 608 autopsies (44% of deaths), 401 had 691 infections (66%, 1.72 infections/infected child). In categories 1-5, there were 85 (12.3%), 237(34.3%), 231 (33.4%), 82 (11.9%) and 56(8.1%) infections. Leading infections include bronchopneumonia (188), sepsis (144- Enterococcus most common with 22), meningitis (35- Streptococcus pneumoniae most common with 10), pneumonitis (33), peritonitis (29). Sepsis declined in 2002-2009, attributed to fluid resuscitation standardization. Meningitis declined after 1993, and may be partially attributed to vaccines (Hemophilus influenza, Streptococcus pneumoniae). Despite advances in anti-microbial therapy, 66% of pediatric autopsies had inflammatory lesions, predominately as the mechanism or contributing factor rather than the underlying cause of death.
    Fetal and pediatric pathology 02/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Newborns with jaundice requiring or not requiring phototherapy (PT) are at greater risk of developing asthma later in life. In this study, we investigated the effect of PT treatment on eosinophil and eosinophilic cationic protein (ECP) levels in newborns with severe hyperbilirubinemia. Thirty newborns diagnosed with severe hyperbilirubinemia and exposed to light-emitting diode (LED) PT were enrolled into the study. Total serum bilirubin (TSB) levels, complete blood count and serum ECP concentrations were measured before and after PT. TSB and hemoglobin (Hb) counts were lower after PT (p = 0.001). There was no difference between leukocyte, lymphocyte, neutrophil and platelet count before and after PT. Eosinophil levels were increased after PT, although not significantly. ECP levels were higher after PT (p = 0.006). It may be speculated that newborns treated with LED PT, increased ECP might play a role in developing allergic diseases later in life.
    Fetal and pediatric pathology 02/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Angiomatoid Fibrous Histiocytoma (AFH) is a distinctive tumor in children, adolescent and young adults which is slow growing with metastatic potential. The histogenesis of AFH is uncertain. Here, we present a case of AFH of 6-year-old on the trunk. In addition, the differential diagnosis for this lesion is also discussed.
    Fetal and pediatric pathology 02/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: This study investigates the role of inflammation in intrauterine growth retardation by exploring the levels of inflammatory markers in umbilical cord blood from neonates who were born small-for-gestational-age (SGA) and comparing them to neonates who were born appropriate-for-gestational-age (AGA). Interleukin 6 (IL-6), Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and C-reactive protein (CRP) were measured by standard methods in term or near-term (gestational age >36 weeks) neonates born SGA (n = 45) and a matched group of neonates born AGA (n = 45). Infants exposed to maternal chronic diseases, diabetes or pre-eclampsia were excluded. SGA was defined as two standard derivations below the expected for term and gender. In multivariate regression analyses significant elevation in cord blood concentration of IL-6 was demonstrated in the SGA group (mean 4.56 vs. 2.38, p = 0.002). The results indicate the presence of elevated inflammatory markers in the cord blood from SGA infants compared to AGA infants, and consequently the results suggest an inflammatory component in intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR).
    Fetal and pediatric pathology 01/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: This study was performed aiming to evaluate the sensitivity of T-SPOT.TB assay in diagnosis of pediatric TB and investigate the association between age and results of T-SPOT.TB assay. Between March 2012 and September 2013, 102 patients, who aged ≤15 years old, were enrolled in this retrospective study and then were grouped into three age categories: Group 1, aged ≤2 years; Group 2, aged 3 to 12 years; and Group 3, aged 13 to 15 years. The χ(2) test was used to compare the sensitivities of T-SPOT.TB between groups with different ages. The overall sensitivity of T-SPOT.TB assay was 58.8% (95% confidence interval: 49.1-67.9%) and low in diagnosis of pediatric TB. Although the sensitivities varied in the three groups, the difference did not reach statistical significance (p > 0.05). Therefore, in high burden countries, T-SPOT.TB assay wasn't accurate in diagnosis of pediatric TB, and age was not associated with the results of T-SPOT.TB.
    Fetal and pediatric pathology 01/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Amelia and Meromelia may either present as an isolated defect or associated with other malformations; and the diagnosis is mainly clinical. The antenatal period of the case presented here was medically unsupervised but uneventful. The baby had bilateral upper limb Meromelia and bilateral lower limb Amelia along with a small ostium secundum atrial septal defect. Except for the young age of mother, there was no other obvious risk factor in this case. The baby had a normal and healthy neonatal outcome whereas most such cases are either stillborn or end in early neonatal death.
    Fetal and pediatric pathology 12/2013;