Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management (Integrated Environ Assess Manag)

Publisher: SETAC (Society), Wiley

Journal description

The second, peer-reviewed, international journal from SETAC. IEAM will be available online and in print and is devoted to bringing together scientifc research and the use of science in decision-making, regulation, and environmental management.

Current impact factor: 0.00

Impact Factor Rankings

Additional details

5-year impact 0.00
Cited half-life 0.00
Immediacy index 0.00
Eigenfactor 0.00
Article influence 0.00
Website Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management website
Other titles Integrated environmental assessment and management, IEAM
ISSN 1551-3793
OCLC 55964374
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Wiley

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author cannot archive a post-print version
  • Restrictions
    • 12 months embargo
  • Conditions
    • Some journals have separate policies, please check with each journal directly
    • On author's personal website, institutional repositories, arXiv, AgEcon, PhilPapers, PubMed Central, RePEc or Social Science Research Network
    • Author's pre-print may not be updated with Publisher's Version/PDF
    • Author's pre-print must acknowledge acceptance for publication
    • Non-Commercial
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Publisher source must be acknowledged with citation
    • Must link to publisher version with set statement (see policy)
    • If OnlineOpen is available, BBSRC, EPSRC, MRC, NERC and STFC authors, may self-archive after 12 months
    • If OnlineOpen is available, AHRC and ESRC authors, may self-archive after 24 months
    • Publisher last contacted on 07/08/2014
    • This policy is an exception to the default policies of 'Wiley'
  • Classification
    ‚Äč yellow

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study aims to assess the vulnerability of populations to storm surge flooding in 12 coastal localities of Virginia, U.S.A. Population vulnerability is assessed by way of three physical factors (elevation, slope, and storm surge category), three built-up components (road availability, access to hospitals, and access to shelters), and three household conditions (storm preparedness, financial constraints to recover from severe weather events, and health fragility). Fuzzy analysis is used to generate maps illustrating variation in several types of population vulnerability across the region. When considering physical factors and household conditions, the most vulnerable neighborhoods to sea level rise and storm surge flooding are largely found in urban areas. However, when considering access to critical infrastructure, we find rural residents to be more vulnerable than non-rural residents. These detailed assessments can inform both local and state governments in catastrophic planning. In addition, the methodology may be generalized to assess vulnerability in other coastal corridors and communities. The originality is highlighted by evaluating socioeconomic conditions at refined scale, incorporating a broader range of human perceptions and predispositions, and employing a geoinformatics approach combining physical, built-up and socioeconomic conditions for population vulnerability assessment. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management 08/2015; DOI:10.1002/ieam.1705
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    ABSTRACT: In the last decade, there has been renewed interest in approaches for the assessment of the bioaccumulation potential of chemicals, principally driven by the need to evaluate large numbers of chemicals as part of new chemical legislation while reducing vertebrate test organism use called for in animal welfare legislation. This renewed interest has inspired research activities and advances in bioaccumulation science for neutral organic chemicals in aquatic environments. In January 2013, ILSI Health and Environmental Sciences Institute convened experts to identify the state of the science and existing shortcomings in terrestrial bioaccumulation assessment of neutral organic chemicals. Potential modifications to existing laboratory methods were identified, including areas where new laboratory approaches and/or test methods could be developed to address terrestrial bioaccumulation. The utility of "non-ecotoxicity" data (e.g., mammalian laboratory data) was also discussed. The highlights of the workshop discussions are presented along with potential modifications in laboratory approaches and new test guidelines that could be used for assessing the bioaccumulation of chemicals in terrestrial organisms. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management 08/2015; DOI:10.1002/ieam.1692
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    ABSTRACT: The Species Sensitivity Distribution (SSD) distribution approach to estimating Water Quality Guidelines (WQGs) is the preferred method in all jurisdictions reviewed (Australia, Canada, New Zealand, OECD members, South Africa, United States) and is one of the recommended methods for European Commission members for 33 priority and priority hazardous substances. In the event that jurisdiction-specific criteria for data quality, quantity and taxonomic representation are not met, all of these jurisdictions endorse the use of additional Safety Factors (SFs) applied to either the SSD-based WQG or, the lowest suitable toxicity test endpoint. In Canada, the British Columbia Ministry of Environment endorses this latter approach as the preferred approach in the belief that so-derived WQGs are more protective than SSD-based WQGs. The level of protection afforded by the latter SF approach was evaluated by statistically sampling minima from random samples of the following distributions: normal, Gumbel, logistic, and Weibull, using a range of Coefficients of Variation (CVs) and applying the SFs of 2 or 10 used in British Columbia. The simulations indicate that the Potentially Affected Fraction of Species (PAF) can be as high as 20%, or, approach 0%. The PAF varies with sample size and CV. Because CVs can vary systematically with mode of toxic action, the PAF using SF-based WQGs can also vary systematically with analyte class. The varying levels of protection afforded by SF-based WQGs are generally inconsistent with the common water quality management goal that allows for a small degree of change under long-term exposure. The findings suggest that further efforts be made to develop high-quality WQGs that support informed decision-making and are consistent with the environmental management goal instead of using SFs in the hope of achieving an acceptable but unknown, degree of environmental protection. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved
    Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management 08/2015; DOI:10.1002/ieam.1694
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    ABSTRACT: This paper describes the overall decision framework for eventual decisions about decommissioning the 27 operating oil and gas platforms offshore southern California. These platforms will eventually reach the end of their useful lifetimes (estimated between 2015 and 2030, although specific dates have not been determined). Current law and regulations allow for alternative uses in lieu of the complete removal required in existing leases. To prepare for eventual decommissioning, the California Natural Resources Agency initiated an in-depth process to identify and investigate issues surrounding possible decommissioning alternatives. The detailed evaluation of alternatives focused on two - complete removal and artificial reefing that included partial removal to 85 feet below the waterline. These were selected after a comparison of the technical and economic feasibility of several potential alternatives, availability of a legal framework for implementation, degree of interest from proponents, and relative acceptance by state and federal decision makers. Despite California's history of offshore oil and gas production, only seven decommissioning projects have been completed and these were all relatively small and close to shore. In contrast, nearly 30% of the California platforms are in water depths (as much as 1200 feet) that exceed any decommissioning project anywhere in the world. Most earlier projects considered an artificial reefing alternative but none were implemented and all platforms were completely removed. Future decisions about decommissioning must grapple with a more complex decision context involving greater technological / logistical challenges and cost, a wider range of viable options, tradeoffs among environmental impacts and benefits, and an intricate maze of laws, regulations, and authorities. The specific engineering differences between complete and partial removal provide an explicit basis for a thorough evaluation of their respective impacts. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management 08/2015; DOI:10.1002/ieam.1695
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    ABSTRACT: Globally, ecosystems are subjected to prolonged droughts and extreme heat events, leading to forest die-offs and dominance shifts in vegetation. Some scientists and managers view soil as the main resource to be considered in monitoring ecosystem responses to aridification. As the medium through which precipitation is received, stored and redistributed for plant use, soil is an important factor in the sensitivity of ecosystems to a drying climate. This study presents a novel approach to evaluating where on a landscape soils may be most sensitive to drying, making them less resilient to disturbance, and where potential future vegetation changes could lead to such disturbance. The drying and de-vegetation of arid lands can increase wind erosion, contributing to aerosol and dust emissions. This has implications for air quality, human health and water resources. This approach combines soil data with vegetation simulations, projecting future vegetation change, to create maps of potential areas of concern for soil sensitivity and dust production in a drying climate. Consistent with recent observations, the projections show shifts from grasslands and woodlands to shrublands in much of the southwestern region. There is an increase in forested area, but there are shifts in the dominant types and spatial distribution of the forests. There is a net increase in desert ecosystems in the region and some changes in alpine and tundra ecosystems. Approximately 124,000 km2 of soils flagged as "sensitive" are projected to have vegetation change between 2041 and 2050, and 82,927 km2 of soils may become sensitive due to future vegetation changes. These maps give managers a way to visualize and identify where soils and vegetation should be investigated and monitored for degradation in a drying climate, so restoration and mitigation strategies can be focused in these areas. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management 08/2015; DOI:10.1002/ieam.1691
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    ABSTRACT: A number of fuel spills, of both recent and historic origins, have occurred on World Heritage listed subantarctic Macquarie Island. Sites contaminated by mainly diesel fuels are undergoing remediation by the Australian Antarctic Division. The risks posed by these sites are being managed using a "weight of evidence" approach, for which this study provides a preliminary line of evidence for the ecological assessment component of this site management decision framework. This knowledge is pertinent, given the absence of environmental guidelines for fuel contaminants in subantarctic ecosystems. We provide a field-based site-specific ecological risk assessment for soil invertebrate communities across the fuel spill sites, before the commencement of in situ remediation activities. Springtails (Collembola) were the most abundant taxa. Springtail community patterns showed only limited correlations with the level of fuel contamination at the soil surface, even when elevated levels occurred in the substratum layers. Of the environmental variables measured, community patterns were most strongly correlated with vegetation cover. We identify a suite of 6 species that contribute most to the community dynamics across these sites. A subset of these we propose as useful candidates for future development of single-species toxicity tests: Folsomotoma punctata, Cryptopygus caecus, Cryptopygus antarcticus and Parisotoma insularis. Findings from this study advance our understanding of soil invertebrate community dynamics within these contaminated sites, directly contributing to the improved management and restoration of the sites. Not only does this study provide an important line of evidence for the island's ecological risk assessment for fuel contaminants, it also enhances our understanding of the potential impact of fuels at other subantarctic islands. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management 07/2015; DOI:10.1002/ieam.1674
  • Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management 07/2015; 11(3):515-6. DOI:10.1002/ieam.1648
  • Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management 07/2015; 11(3):518-9. DOI:10.1002/ieam.1652
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    ABSTRACT: Businesses may be missing opportunities to account for ecosystem services in their decisions because they do not have methods to quantify and value ecosystem services. We developed a method to quantify and value coastal protection and other ecosystem services in the context of a cost-benefit analysis of hurricane risk mitigation options for a business. We first analyze linked biophysical and economic models to examine the potential protection provided by marshes. We then applied this method to The Dow Chemical Company's Freeport, TX facility to evaluate natural (marshes), built (levee), and hybrid (marshes and a levee designed for marshes) defenses against a 100-year hurricane. Model analysis shows that future sea-level rise decreases marsh area, increases flood heights, and increases the required levee height (12%) and cost (8%). In this context, marshes do not provide sufficient protection to the facility located 12 km inland to warrant a change in levee design for a 100-year hurricane. Marshes do provide some protection near shore and under smaller storm conditions, which may help maintain the coastline and levee performance in the face of sea-level rise. In sum, the net present value to the business of built defenses [$217 million (2010 USD)] is greater than natural defenses [$15 million (2010 USD)] and similar to the hybrid defense scenario [$229 million (2010 USD)]. Examination of a sample of public benefits from the marshes shows they provide at least $117 million (2010 USD) in coastal protection, recreational value, and carbon sequestration to the public, while supporting 12 fisheries and >300 wildlife species. This study provides information where natural defenses may be effective and a replicable approach that businesses can use to incorporate private, as well as public, ecosystem service values into hurricane risk management at other sites. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved
    Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management 06/2015; DOI:10.1002/ieam.1678
  • Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management 06/2015; 11(3). DOI:10.1002/ieam.1647
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    ABSTRACT: Standard risk assessment of plant protection products (PPP) combines 'worst-case' exposure scenarios with effect thresholds using assessment (safety) factors to account for uncertainties. If needed, risks can be addressed applying more realistic conditions at higher tiers, which refine exposure and/or effect assessments using additional data. However, it is not possible to investigate the wide range of potential scenarios experimentally. In contrast, ecotoxicological mechanistic effect models do allow addressing a multitude of scenarios. Furthermore, they may aid the interpretation of experiments such as mesocosm studies, allowing extrapolation to conditions not covered in experiments. Here we explore how to use mechanistic effect models in the aquatic risk assessment of a model insecticide (Modelmethrin), applied several times per season, but rapidly dissipating between applications. The case study focuses on potential effects on aquatic arthropods, the most sensitive group for this substance. The models provide information on the impact of a number of short exposure pulses on sensitive/vulnerable populations and, when impacted, assess recovery. The species to model were selected based on their sensitivity as in laboratory and field (mesocosm) studies. The 'GUTS' model, which describes the toxicokinetics and toxicodynamics of chemicals in individuals, was linked to three >individual >based >models (IBM), translating individual survival of sensitive organisms into population level effects. The impact of pulsed insecticide exposures on populations were modeled using the spatially explicit IBM 'MASTEP' for Gammarus pulex, the Chaoborus IBM for populations of Chaoborus crystallinus and the 'IdamP' model for populations of Daphnia magna. The different models were able to predict the potential effects of Modelmethrin applications to key arthropod species inhabiting different aquatic ecosystems; the most sensitive species were significantly impacted unless respective mitigation measures were implemented (buffer zones resulting in reduced exposure). As expected the impact was stronger in shallow ditches as compared to deeper pond scenarios. Furthermore, as expected, recovery depended on factors such as temperature (affecting population growth rate and number of generations) and the frequency of non-impacted systems, respectively the connectivity of aquatic ecosystems. These model predictions were largely in line with field observations and/or the results of a mesocosm study, providing additional evidence on the suitability and reliability of the models for risk assessment purposes. Due to their flexibility, models may predict the likelihood of unacceptable effects - based on previously defined protection goals - for a range of insecticide exposure scenarios and freshwater habitats. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management 06/2015; DOI:10.1002/ieam.1676
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    ABSTRACT: Global declines of bumble bees and other pollinator populations are of concern because of their critical role for crop production and maintenance of wild plant biodiversity. Although the consensus among scientists is that the interaction of many factors, including habitat loss, forage scarcity, diseases, parasites, and pesticides potentially plays a role in causing these declines, pesticides have received considerable public attention and scrutiny. In response, regulatory agencies have introduced more stringent pollinator testing requirements for registration and re-registration of pesticides, to ensure the risks to pollinators are minimized. In this context, guidelines for testing bumble bees (Bombus spp.) in regulatory studies are not yet available and there is a pressing need to develop suitable protocols for routine higher tier studies with these non-Apis, social bees. To meet this need, Bayer CropScience LP, Syngenta Crop Protection LLC US, and Valent U.S.A. Corporation organized a workshop bringing together a group of global experts on bumble bee behavior, ecology and ecotoxicology to discuss and develop draft protocols for both semi-field (Tier II) and field (Tier III) studies. The workshop was held May 8-9, 2014 at the Bayer Bee Care Center, North Carolina. The participants represented academic, consulting, and industry scientists from Europe, Canada, USA, and Brazil. The workshop identified a clear protection goal and generated proposals for basic experimental designs, relevant measurements and endpoints for both semi-field (tunnel) and field tests. These initial recommendations are intended to form the basis of discussions to help advance the development of appropriate protocol guidelines. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management 06/2015; DOI:10.1002/ieam.1675