Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology Impact Factor & Information

Publisher: Society of Protozoologists; International Society of Protistologists, Wiley

Journal description

Current impact factor: 3.22

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2016
2014 Impact Factor 3.217
2013 Impact Factor 2.911
2012 Impact Factor 2.162
2011 Impact Factor 2.659
2010 Impact Factor 2.397
2009 Impact Factor 2.355
2008 Impact Factor 1.502
2007 Impact Factor 1.525
2006 Impact Factor 2.288
2005 Impact Factor 1.447
2004 Impact Factor 1.403
2003 Impact Factor 1.513
2002 Impact Factor 1.444
2001 Impact Factor 1.739
2000 Impact Factor 1.519
1999 Impact Factor 1.417
1998 Impact Factor 1.148
1997 Impact Factor 1.232
1996 Impact Factor 1.738
1995 Impact Factor 1.173
1994 Impact Factor 2

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 2.63
Cited half-life 9.70
Immediacy index 0.66
Eigenfactor 0.00
Article influence 0.83
Other titles Journal of eukaryotic microbiology (Online), The journal of eukaryotic microbiology
ISSN 1550-7408
OCLC 47723595
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details


  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author cannot archive a post-print version
  • Restrictions
    • 12 months embargo
  • Conditions
    • Some journals have separate policies, please check with each journal directly
    • On author's personal website, institutional repositories, arXiv, AgEcon, PhilPapers, PubMed Central, RePEc or Social Science Research Network
    • Author's pre-print may not be updated with Publisher's Version/PDF
    • Author's pre-print must acknowledge acceptance for publication
    • Non-Commercial
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Publisher source must be acknowledged with citation
    • Must link to publisher version with set statement (see policy)
    • If OnlineOpen is available, BBSRC, EPSRC, MRC, NERC and STFC authors, may self-archive after 12 months
    • If OnlineOpen is available, AHRC and ESRC authors, may self-archive after 24 months
    • Publisher last contacted on 07/08/2014
    • This policy is an exception to the default policies of 'Wiley'
  • Classification
    ​ yellow

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Interphase specimens, aspects of physiological reorganization and divisional morphogenesis were investigated in a strain of a hypotrichous ciliate highly similar to Urostyla grandis Ehrenberg, 1830 (type species of Urostyla), collected from a mangrove area in the estuary of the Paraíba do Sul river (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil). The results revealed that albeit interphase specimens match with the known morphologic variability of U. grandis, morphogenetic processes have conspicuous differences. Parental adoral zone is entirely renewed during morphogenesis, and marginal cirri exhibit a unique combination of developmental modes, in which left marginal rows originate from multiple anlagen arising from innermost left marginal cirral row, whereas right marginal ciliature originates from individual within-row anlagen. Based on such characteristics, a new subspecies, namely Urostyla grandis wiackowskii subsp. nov. is proposed, and consequently, Urostyla grandis grandis Ehrenberg, 1830, stat. nov. is established. Bayesian and maximum-likelihood analyses of the 18S rDNA unambiguously placed U. grandis wiackowskii as adelphotaxon of a cluster formed by other U. grandis sequences. The implications of such findings to the systematics of Urostyla are discussed. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology 10/2015; DOI:10.1111/jeu.12273
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    ABSTRACT: A small free-living freshwater bacteriotrophic flagellate Neobodo borokensis n. sp. was investigated by electron microscopy and analysis of its SSU ribosomal RNA gene. This protist has paraxonemal rods of typical bodonid structure in the flagella, mastigonemes on the proximal part of the posterior flagellum, two nearly parallel basal bodies, a compact kinetoplast, and discoid mitochondrial cristae. The flagellar pocket is supported by three microtubular roots (R1, R2 and R3) originating from the kinetosome. The cytopharynx is supported by the root R2, a microtubular prism, cytopharynx associated additional microtubules (CMT) and cytostome associated microtubules (FAS) bands. Symbiotic bacteria and small glycosomes were found in the cytoplasm. Cysts have not been found. The flagellate prefers freshwater habitats, but tolerates salinity up to 3-4 ‰. The overall morphological and ultrastructural features confirm that Neobodo borokensis represents a new species of the genus Neobodo. Phylogenetic analysis of SSU rRNA genes is congruent with the ultrastructure and strongly supports the close relationship of N. borokensis to Neobodo saliens, N. designis, Actuariola, and a misidentified sequence of "Bodo curvifilus" within the class Kinetoplastea. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology 09/2015; DOI:10.1111/jeu.12271
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    ABSTRACT: A new amoebozoan species, Vermistella arctica n. sp., is described from marine habitats in the central part of Svalbard archipelago. This is the first report on Arctic amoebae belonging to the genus Vermistella Moran and Anderson, 2007, the type species of which was described from the opposite pole of the planet. Psychrophily proved in the new strains qualifies the genus Vermistella as a bipolar taxon. Molecular phylogenetic analyses based on 18S rDNA and actin sequences did not show any affinity of the genus Vermistella to Stygamoeba regulata ATCC(®) 50892(™) strain. A close phylogenetic relationship was found between Vermistella spp. and a sequence originating from an environmental sample from Cariaco basin, the largest marine permanently anoxic system in the world. Possible mechanisms of bipolar distribution are discussed. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology 09/2015; DOI:10.1111/jeu.12270
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    ABSTRACT: In this study we surveyed six species of cockroaches, two synanthropic (i.e. ecologically associated with humans) and four wild, for intestinal trypanosomatid infections. Only the wild cockroach species were found to be infected, with flagellates of the genus Herpetomonas. Two distinct genotypes were documented, one of which was described as a new species, Herpetomonas tarakana sp. n. We also propose a revision of the genus Herpetomonas and creation of a new subfamily, Phytomonadinae, to include Herpetomonas, Phytomonas and a newly described genus Lafontella n. gen. (type species Lafontella mariadeanei comb. n.), which can be distinguished from others by morphological and molecular traits. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology 09/2015; DOI:10.1111/jeu.12268
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    ABSTRACT: We have proposed revival of the name Entamoeba nuttalli for a virulent ameba strain, P19-061405, from a rhesus macaque and located phylogenetically between E. histolytica and E. dispar. Since E. nuttalli was originally described for an ameba found in a toque macaque in Sri Lanka, the prevalence and characteristics of Entamoeba species in wild toque macaques were examined. PCR analysis of 227 stool samples from six locations showed positive rates for E. nuttalli, E. dispar and E. histolytica of 18.5%, 0.4% and 0%, respectively. Fifteen E. nuttalli strains were cultured successfully from five locations. The 18S ribosomal RNA gene showed only three nucleotide differences in comparison with P19-061405 strain. In isoenzyme analysis, the pattern of hexokinase in Sri Lankan strains was different from that of P19-061405 strains and the difference was confirmed by analysis of the genes. Hepatic inoculation of one of the Sri Lankan E. nuttalli strains in hamsters resulted in amebic abscess formation and body weight loss. These results demonstrate that E. nuttalli is prevalent in wild toque macaques and that several characteristics of the strains are unique. We conclude that use of the name E. nuttalli is appropriate for the new Entamoeba species found in non-human primates. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology 09/2015; DOI:10.1111/jeu.12265
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    ABSTRACT: This study analyzed 563 fecal specimens of asymptomatic pigs from five cities of northeast China for the prevalence and genetic characteristics of Enterocytozoon bieneusi. The parasite was detected in 267 of 563 (47.4%) pigs by nested PCR of the ribosomal internal transcribed spacer (ITS). The differences in prevalence between preweaned (58.0%, 94/162) and growing pigs (39.6%, 114/288) and between weaned (52.2%, 59/113) and growing pigs are significant (P < 0.05). Genotypic typing and phylogenetic analysis facilitated identification of six human-pathogenic genotypes EbpC, O, CS-4, EbpA, Henan-IV, and PigEBITS5 and six potentially zoonotic genotypes EbpB, CC-1, CS-1, CS-3, CHN7, and CS-10. Genotypes CS-4 (32/35) and EbpC (3/35) from Harbin and Henan-IV (5/64) from Qiqihar determined in pigs herein represented the main causative agents of human microsporidiosis in Harbin. The most dominant genotype EbpC found in pigs from Daqing (35/65) and Qiqihar (a close neighbor to Daqing) (47/64) contributed significantly to human infections in Daqing. Genotype EbpC was also a leading E. bieneusi pathogen in humans, drinking water, and wastewater in central China. This study provided robust evidence that pigs could be an outstanding source of human microsporidiosis and water contamination in China. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology 09/2015; DOI:10.1111/jeu.12264
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    ABSTRACT: Trichomonas vaginalis is a sexually transmitted parasite and, while it is often asymptomatic in males, the parasite is associated with disease in both sexes. Metronidazole is an effective treatment for trichomoniasis, but resistant strains have evolved and, thus, it has become necessary to investigate other possible therapies. In this study, we examined the effects of native and oxidized forms of the sodium salts of eicosapentaenoic, docosahexaenoic and arachidonic acids on T. vaginalis activity. Eicosapentaenoic acid was the most toxic with 190 μM and 380 μM causing approximately 90% cell death in Casu2 and ATCC 50142 strains, respectively. In contrast, oxidized eicosapentaenoic acid was the least toxic, requiring >3 mM to inhibit activity, while low levels (10 μM) were associated with increased parasite density. Mass spectrometric analysis of oxidized eicosapentaenoic acid revealed C20 products containing one to six additional oxygen atoms and various degrees of bond saturation. These results indicate that eicosapentaenoic acid has different effects on T. vaginalis survival, depending on whether it is present in the native or oxidized form. A better understanding of lipid metabolism in T. vaginalis may facilitate the design of synthetic fatty acids that are effective for the treatment of metronidazole-resistant T. vaginalis. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology 09/2015; DOI:10.1111/jeu.12263
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    ABSTRACT: CRYPTOSPORIDIUM spp., Giardia duodenalis, and Enterocytozoon bieneusi are common gastrointestinal protists in humans and animals. Two hundred three fecal specimens from 80 wildlife species were collected in Zhengzhou Zoo and their genomic DNA extracted. Three intestinal pathogens were characterized with a DNA sequence analysis of different loci. Cryptosporidium felis, C. baileyi, and avian genotype III were identified in three specimens (1.5%), the manul, red-crowned crane, and cockatiel respectively. Giardia duodenalis was also found in five specimens (2.5%) firstly: assemblage B in a white-cheeked gibbon and beaver, and assemblage F in a Chinese leopard and two Siberian tigers respectivley. Thirteen genotypes of E. bieneusi (seven previously reported genotypes and six new genotypes) were detected in 32 specimens (15.8%), which most were reported for the first time. A phylogenetic analysis of E. bieneusi showed that five genotypes (three known and two new) clustered in group 1; three known genotypes clustered in group 2; one known genotype clustered in group 4; and the remaining four genotypes clustered in a new group. In conclusion, zoonotic Cryptosporidium spp., G. duodenalis, and E. bieneusi are maintained in wildlife and transmitted between them. Zoonotic disease outbreaks of these infectious agents possibly originate in wildlife reservoirs.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology 09/2015; DOI:10.1111/jeu.12269
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    ABSTRACT: Several enteric microsporidia species have been detected in humans and other vertebrates and their identifications at the genotype level are currently being elucidated. As advanced methods, reagents, and disposal kits for detecting and identifying pathogens become commercially available, it is important to test them in settings other than in laboratories with "state-of-the-art" equipment and well-trained staff members. In the present study, we sought to detect microsporidia DNA preserved and extracted from FTA (fast technology analysis) cards spotted with human fecal suspensions obtained from Cameroonian volunteers living in the capital city of Yaoundé to preclude the need for employing spore-concentrating protocols. Further, we tested whether amplicon nucleotide sequencing approaches could be used on small aliquots taken from the cards to elucidate the diversity of microsporidia species and strains infecting native residents. Of 196 samples analyzed, 12 (6.1%) were positive for microsporidia DNA; Enterocytozoon bieneusi (Type IV and KIN-1), Encephalitozoon cuniculi, and Encephalitozoon intestinalis were identified. These data demonstrate the utility of the FTA cards in identifying genotypes of microsporidia DNA in human fecal samples that may be applied to field testing for prevalence studies. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology 08/2015; DOI:10.1111/jeu.12262
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    ABSTRACT: An unusual heterolobosean amoeba, isolate LO, was isolated recently from a sample with a salinity of ~4‰, from Lake Turkana in East Africa. 18S rDNA phylogenies confirm that isolate LO branches among halophilic amoeboflagellates assigned to Pharyngomonas. We examined the ultrastructure of the amoeba and cyst stages of isolate LO, as well as the amoebae and cysts of Pharyngomonas kirbyi (isolates AS12B and SD1A). The amoebae of all three isolates lacked discrete dictyosomes and had discoidal/flattened mitochondrial cristae, but the mitochondria were not enrobed by rough endoplasmic reticulum. The cysts of all three isolates showed a thick, bipartite cyst wall, and lacked cyst pores. The cysts of isolate LO were distinct in that the ectocyst was very loose-fitting, and could contain 'crypts'. No flagellate form of isolate LO has been observed to date, and a salinity-for-growth experiment showed that isolate LO can grow at 15‰ to 100‰ salinity, indicating that it is halotolerant. By contrast, other studied Pharyngomonas isolates are amoeboflagellates and true halophiles. Therefore, we propose isolate LO as a new species, Pharyngomonas turkanaensis n. sp. It is possible that P. turkanaensis descended from halophilic ancestors, and represents a secondary reestablishment of a physiology adapted for moderate salinity. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology 08/2015; DOI:10.1111/jeu.12260
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    ABSTRACT: The peritrich ciliate Epistylis portoalegrensis n. sp. was found in two bodies of freshwater located in Porto Alegre, Southern Brazil. Morphological features were investigated using live and protargol-stained specimens. The zooids presented a vase to cylindrical shape narrowed at the scopula, and a mean size of 131 X 37 μm in vivo. A C-shaped macronucleus lay in the middle of the cell close to a single contractile vacuole. The oral infraciliature was typical for the genus, with all infundibular polykineties composed by three distinct rows of kinetosomes. Colonies are often non-branched with no lateral stalk, carrying several zooids stemming from a single point. Specimens from the two sampling sites showed identical arrangement of the infraciliature, similar morphometry, identical 18S rDNA sequences, and a single nucleotide difference across the more variable ITS regions. Molecular phylogenetic analyses placed Epistylis portoalegrensis in a well-supported clade containing other Epistylis species, within the order Vorticellida. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology 07/2015; DOI:10.1111/jeu.12252
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    ABSTRACT: Using a transmission electron microscopy-based approach, this study details the striking similarities between Cryptosporidium parvum and the gregarines during in vitro axenic development at high ultra-structural resolution. C. parvum zoites displayed three unusual regions within uninucleated parasites: epimerite-like, protomerite-like and the cell body; these regions exhibited a high degree of morphological similarity to gregarine-like trophozoites. The presence of a mucron-like bulging structure at the side of the free ovoid gregarine-like zoites was observed after 2 h of cultivation. An irregular pattern of epicytic-like folds were found to cover the surface of the parasites 24 h post-cultivation. Some extracellular stages were paired in latero-caudal or side-side syzygy, with the presence of a fusion zone between some of these zoites. The present findings are in agreement with phylogenetic studies that have proposed a sister relationship to gregarines. Cryptosporidium appears to exhibit tremendous variety in cell structure depending on the surrounding environment, thereby mimicking the "primitive" gregarines in terms of the co-evolution strategy between the parasites and their environments. Given this degree of similarity, different aspects of the evolutionary biology of Cryptosporidium need to be examined, considering the knowledge gained from the study of gregarines. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology 07/2015; DOI:10.1111/jeu.12250