Polymer Composites Journal Impact Factor & Information

Publisher: Society of Plastics Engineers, Wiley

Journal description

Published six times per year, Polymer Composites is the foremost engineering & scientific journal covering the fields of reinforced plastics and polymer composites. In publication since 1980, Polymer Composites offers detailed applied developments of specific interest long before they become commercial realities.

Current impact factor: 1.46

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2015
2013 / 2014 Impact Factor 1.455
2012 Impact Factor 1.482
2011 Impact Factor 1.231
2010 Impact Factor 0.998
2009 Impact Factor 1.194
2008 Impact Factor 1.054
2007 Impact Factor 1.058
2006 Impact Factor 1.163
2005 Impact Factor 0.628
2004 Impact Factor 0.649
2003 Impact Factor 0.68
2002 Impact Factor 0.746
2001 Impact Factor 0.661
2000 Impact Factor 0.633
1999 Impact Factor 0.677
1998 Impact Factor 0.716
1997 Impact Factor 0.744
1996 Impact Factor 0.788
1995 Impact Factor 0.949
1994 Impact Factor 0.719
1993 Impact Factor 0.982
1992 Impact Factor 1.019

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 1.58
Cited half-life 6.00
Immediacy index 0.23
Eigenfactor 0.01
Article influence 0.39
Website Polymer Composites website
Other titles Polymer composites (Online), Polymer composites
ISSN 1548-0569
OCLC 43437991
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details


  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author cannot archive a post-print version
  • Restrictions
    • 12 months embargo
  • Conditions
    • Some journals have separate policies, please check with each journal directly
    • On author's personal website, institutional repositories, arXiv, AgEcon, PhilPapers, PubMed Central, RePEc or Social Science Research Network
    • Author's pre-print may not be updated with Publisher's Version/PDF
    • Author's pre-print must acknowledge acceptance for publication
    • On a non-profit server
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Publisher source must be acknowledged with citation
    • Must link to publisher version with set statement (see policy)
    • If OnlineOpen is available, BBSRC, EPSRC, MRC, NERC and STFC authors, may self-archive after 12 months
    • If OnlineOpen is available, AHRC and ESRC authors, may self-archive after 24 months
    • Publisher last contacted on 07/08/2014
    • This policy is an exception to the default policies of 'Wiley'
  • Classification
    ​ yellow

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This article presents a review of studies on materials, preparation, properties, and characterization of polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) nanocomposite hydrogels. The structure and properties of Montmorillonite, the nanoclay used in the manufacture of PVA nanocomposites and techniques for making PVA nanocomposite hydrogels have been reviewed. The characterization techniques such as Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), Dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA), Scanning electron microscopy, Transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) are also studied. The XRD patterns and TEM images have proven the intercalated and exfoliated structures of PVA nanocomposite hydrogels that is due to the presence of nanoclay layers. Investigation of FT-IR spectra shows the bonding formation between OH and silanol groups of PVA and Montmorillonite. Also, the results of DSC and DMA indicated a decrease in crystallinity and the glass transition temperature of PVA by the incorporation of nanoclay, while the loss modulus is increased compared to that of pure PVA. POLYM. COMPOS., 2015. © 2015 Society of Plastics Engineers
    Polymer Composites 08/2015; DOI:10.1002/pc.23671
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    ABSTRACT: It is essential to examine the mechanisms of plastic deformation of polymer composites under external loads and large strains, especially if the material is intended to be used in a dynamic environment. This work investigated the variation of structure as well as the properties of poly(ɛ-caprolactone) (PCL) deformed under different tensile draw ratios and strain rates. The PCL/HA composites were prepared by melt mixing the PCL with up to 10 wt% HA in a twin-screw extruder. The deformation behavior of the PCL/HA composites revealed a strong correlation between the mechanical response and the accompanying structural transformations. It was found that the strain rate and stretching ratio played important roles in modulating the molecular orientation and crystallization of the PCL/HA composites. The increase in strain rate from 0.2 to 100 mm/min led to the variation of crystallinity from 56.81 to 67.50%. With an increase of the strain rate, the chain extension rate along the stretching direction increased faster than the chain relaxation, which improved the orientation of the polymer chains. The crystallinity and orientation of the deformed PCL/HA composites increased with an increase in draw ratio. The composites also possessed enhanced yield strength resulting from an increased strain rate. POLYM. COMPOS., 2015. © 2015 Society of Plastics Engineers
    Polymer Composites 08/2015; DOI:10.1002/pc.23747
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    ABSTRACT: Novel superabsorbent composites were prepared using starch, acrylic acid, and organo-zeolite 4A micropowder via aqueous solution graft copolymerization. The effects of organo-zeolite 4A content on water absorbency were tested to determine the optimum conditions that ensure a high swelling ability. Under these conditions, the maximum swelling ability in distilled water was determined to be 511 g/g when the amount of organo-zeolite 4A in the feed was 10 wt%. The prepared samples were characterized with Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, and scanning electron microscope (SEM). The SEM characterization of the samples indicated that the superabsorbent composites had more pores and water than zeolite-free superabsorbents. The swelling capacities in distilled water, various salt solutions, and aqueous urea were studied. The on–off switching behavior and the release of urea from the loaded starch-g-poly(acrylic acid)/organo-zeolite 4A were also determined. The results indicated that the novel composite was responsive to salts and exhibited on–off switching behavior, as evidenced by reversible swelling and de-swelling. In addition, the slow nutrient release makes this material suitable for many potential applications in the fields of agriculture and horticulture. POLYM. COMPOS., 2015. © 2015 Society of Plastics Engineers
    Polymer Composites 08/2015; DOI:10.1002/pc.23754
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    ABSTRACT: The effects of electric fields on the filler response dynamics and electrical percolation of poly(ethylene succinate)/multiwall carbon nanotube (MWCNT) composites are studied. When subjected to AC electric fields in their melt state, PESu/MWCNT composites exhibit dramatic improvements in their transverse electrical conductivity. More importantly, the elevated conductivity values are preserved after matrix solidification. Overall, the experimental results show that the electrified composites exhibit the same electrical conductivity levels as their non-electrified counterparts at approximately threefold less filler content. The dynamics of the insulator-to-conductor transition under an electric field also are studied for these composites and correlate reasonably well with operating parameters, such as electric field intensity, matrix viscosity, and filler content through a relatively simple model. Such a model can serve as an enabling tool in the determination of process conditions for the manufacturing of electrically conducting MWCNT/polymer composites. POLYM. COMPOS., 2015. © 2015 Society of Plastics Engineers
    Polymer Composites 08/2015; DOI:10.1002/pc.23724
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    ABSTRACT: TiO2 nanoparticles were surface-modified by a convenient and mild sol–gel method. A novel hybrid membrane material was prepared by crosslinking reaction based on poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) as organic matrix and TiO2 nanoparticles as inorganic filler as well as a crosslinking agent. The chemical structure, mechanical and thermal properties, swelling performance and morphology of the hybrid membranes were characterized and investigated by FTIR, SEM, TG, and so on. The results showed that the surface modification method could make the compatibility between organic component and inorganic component good. The ultrathin PDMS hybrid membrane could easily be prepared by crosslinking reaction at room temperature and the conventional solution casting method. The preparation technology enhanced forming-membrane ability of the hybrid membrane, shortened reaction time, and decreased some by-products. In addition, the stress at break and the elongation at break of the hybrid membranes increased significantly with increasing TiO2 contents. The enhanced mechanical properties of the hybrid membranes will develop potential application of PDMS membranes. POLYM. COMPOS., 2015. © 2015 Society of Plastics Engineers
    Polymer Composites 08/2015; DOI:10.1002/pc.23721
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    ABSTRACT: An interpenetrating polymer network (IPN) is a novel blend of two polymers at least one of which is synthesized or crosslinked in the immediate presence of the other so that there is the least possibility of any gross phase separation. Full-IPNs, prepared from poly(vinyl alcohol) and polyacrylamide, have shown superior performances over the conventional individual polymers. The ranges of applications have grown rapidly for such class of materials. Cellulose nanoparticles extracted from sugarcane bagasse in-house are used to reinforce this PVA/PAAm (80:20) full-IPN in different proportions during the synthesis of IPN. The characteristics of this new series of IPN composite materials have been evaluated by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopic analysis, mechanical, thermal (thermogravimetric analysis and differential scanning calorimetry), and scanning electron microscopy techniques. A loading of 5 wt% of nanocellulose lead to the highest tensile strength amongst the different IPN composite films. Although the non-reinforced full-IPN and the various reinforced composites with nanocelluloses are almost identical in their thermal stability, they prove to be much superior compared to the neat polymers. POLYM. COMPOS., 2015. © 2015 Society of Plastics Engineers
    Polymer Composites 08/2015; DOI:10.1002/pc.23742
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    ABSTRACT: Composites containing polyacrylonitrile (PAN) and different mass contents of multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) were prepared and structurally investigated. X-Ray Diffraction of pristine PAN reveals the presence of crystalline and amorphous phases which change their ratio under thermal annealing and addition of MWCNT. For as prepared samples, thermal analysis reveals two glass transition temperatures, which support the hypothesis that unoriented PAN is a two-phase material. Infrared spectrum of as prepared PAN suggests that the polymer is not stabilized. Dielectric investigations of PAN/MWCNT composites show that permittivity has a strong increase as the MWCNT mass content increases, while the dielectric losses are comparable in all samples. These results suggest that PAN/MWCNT composites could find important applications in electronics. POLYM. COMPOS., 2015. © 2015 Society of Plastics Engineers
    Polymer Composites 08/2015; DOI:10.1002/pc.23744
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    ABSTRACT: Wood flour (WF)-filled composites based on a polypropylene (PP)/recycled polyethylene terephthalate (r-PET) matrix were prepared using two-step extrusion. Maleic anhydride grafted polypropylene (MAPP) was added to improve the compatibility between polymer matrices and WF. The effects of filler and MAPP compatibilization on the water absorption, mechanical properties, and morphological features of PP/r-PET/WF composites were investigated. The addition of MAPP significantly improved mechanical properties such as tensile strength, flexural strength, tensile modulus, and flexural modulus compared with uncompatibilized composites, but decreased elongation at break. Scanning electron microscopic images of fracture surface specimens revealed better interfacial interaction between WF and polymer matrix for MAPP-compatibilized PP/r-PET/WF composites. MAPP-compatibilized PP/r-PET/WF composites also showed reduced water absorption due to improved interfacial bonding, which limited the amount of absorbable water molecules. These results indicated that MAPP acts as an effective compatibilizer in PP/r-PET/WF composites. POLYM. COMPOS., 2015. © 2015 Society of Plastics Engineers
    Polymer Composites 08/2015; DOI:10.1002/pc.23745
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    ABSTRACT: In this work, films and fibers of Polypropylene based composites reinforced with quartz were investigated. The materials were processed in a twin screw extruder with filler contents of 1, 2.5, and 5 wt%. Morphology, thermal properties, and mechanical behavior of these materials were studied. A homogeneous filler dispersion and particle alignment in the extrusion direction was detected for the films. Thermograms displayed a marginal nucleating effect of quartz particles. Uniaxial tensile tests indicated a high ductility level and strain hardening for the composites processed as films (in the extrusion direction). Single fiber tests displayed improved tensile properties compared with the same materials produced as films. Quasi-static fracture tests showed a completely ductile behavior for the films in the extrusion direction. In addition, films fracture toughness was found to increase with filler content. POLYM. COMPOS., 2015. © 2015 Society of Plastics Engineers
    Polymer Composites 08/2015; DOI:10.1002/pc.23731
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    ABSTRACT: With excellent vibration alleviating properties, resin mineral composite (RMC) has attracted special attention in the field of mechanical engineering. However, applications of RMC are restricted because of its limited mechanical strength. In this research, the glass fiber (GF) was added into RMC to increase its mechanical strength, and the effect of the length and mass fraction of GF on the mechanical strength of GF/RMC were investigated. Results showed that the compressive strength and flexural strength of RMC first increased and then decreased as the length and mass fraction of GF increased. In order to improve the interfacial bonding between GF and RMC, the GF was subsequently treated by ultrasonication, oxidation, and silanization. And three types of treated GF, i.e., ultrasonic treated GF (U-GF), ultrasonic and oxidation treated GF (O-GF), and ultrasonic, oxidation and silanization treated GF (S-GF) were obtained. Among these three types of treated GF, the S-GF exhibited superior reinforcement in RMC. In addition, the effect of oxidation parameters on the mechanical strength of S-GF/RMC was investigated. In the case of sodium hydroxide oxidation, the optimum mechanical strength of S-GF/RMC was achieved when the S-GF was treated in 1.5 mol/L sodium hydroxide for 3 h at 40°C, in which the compressive strength and flexural strength of S-GF/RMC increase by 17.5% and 20.8% compared to neat RMC, respectively. In the case of hydrogen nitrate oxidation, the best mechanical strength of S-GF/RMC was achieved when the S-GF was treated in 1.5 mol/L hydrogen nitrate for 5 h at 80°C, in which the compressive strength and flexural strength of S-GF/RMC increased by 11.2% and 18.1% compared to neat RMC, respectively. POLYM. COMPOS., 2015. © 2015 Society of Plastics Engineers
    Polymer Composites 08/2015; DOI:10.1002/pc.23723
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    ABSTRACT: A prepolymer constituted with bisphthalonitrile containing allyl groups (DBPA-Ph) and 4, 4′-bis-(maleimidodiphenyl)methane (BMI) was prepared. The reaction between DBPA-Ph and BMI was characterized with FTIR. The copolymerization behavior and processability of DBPA-Ph/BMI prepolymer was studied by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and dynamic rheological analysis. The results of DSC indicated that the DBPA-Ph/BMI system presented two-stage thermal polymerization attributing to the ene reaction between allyl moieties and maleimide at low temperature (around 263°C) and the ring-form polymerization of cyano moieties at high temperature (around 332°C), respectively. The results of dynamic rheological analysis indicated, with the introduction of BMI, the curing properties of DBPA-Ph/BMI system improved. The DBPA-Ph/BMI copolymers were prepared with relatively shorter curing time and shown high glass transition temperature (>350°C). The DBPA-Ph/BMI/glass fiber composite laminates were prepared and exhibited relatively better mechanical properties (>440 MPa) and satisfactory thermal properties (>440°C). The outstanding glass transition temperature, better processability, desirable thermal and thermo-oxidative stabilities demonstrated the introduction of BMI would contribute to the application of DBPA-Ph. POLYM. COMPOS., 2015. © 2015 Society of Plastics Engineers
    Polymer Composites 08/2015; DOI:10.1002/pc.23726
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    ABSTRACT: Poly(lactic acid)/palygorskite (PA) nanocomposites were fabricated through the melt compounding. The significant finding by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) showed that PA acted as a nucleating agent and accelerated the crystallization process of neat PLA. Consequently, a PLA crystallization peak appeared in all nanocomposites. With increasing PA content, the crystallization temperature increased from 92.1°C to 99.6°C. Dynamic Mechanical Analysis (DMA) indicated that the incorporation of PA hindered the motion of the PLA chains in the matrix, thereby increasing the maximum service temperature of the PLA. The storage modulus, , of the nanocomposite reached a plateau in the low frequency region which indicated formation of a network structure due to the increased interaction sites. The PLA/PA nanocomposites showed significant improvement in physical and thermal properties. POLYM. COMPOS., 2015. © 2015 Society of Plastics Engineers
    Polymer Composites 08/2015; DOI:10.1002/pc.23727
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    ABSTRACT: Degradable poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) nanocomposites containing sigma cell cellulose (SC) were prepared by in situ polymerization and then characterized by Fourier transform infrared, ultraviolet–visible spectroscopy, and X-ray diffraction methods. Morphology was studied using scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. The formation of PEDOT/SC (PESC) composites were examined by thermogravimetric analyses. Results indicated a strong interaction between PEDOT and SC. Temperature-dependent direct current (DC) conductivity within 298–503 K and biodegradable properties of PESC were investigated. Results showed that SC addition significantly improved the temperature-dependent DC conductivity and biodegradability of PESC composites. The increased conductivity of PESC can be explained by the increased mobility of charge carriers caused by increased SC concentration. POLYM. COMPOS., 2015. © 2015 Society of Plastics Engineers
    Polymer Composites 08/2015; DOI:10.1002/pc.23756
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    ABSTRACT: The UV absorber 4,4′-diaminostilbene-2,2′-disulfonate (DASDSA) has been successfully intercalated into an inorganic host Zn2Al layered double hydroxide (Zn2Al-DASDSA LDH), which is expected to lead stabilization and protection of this thermally unstable UV absorber. Using a modified solvent mixing method, polypropylene/AMO-Zn2Al-DASDSA LDH (PP/AMO-LDH; AMO = aqueous miscible organic treated) nanocomposites were prepared using unmodified PP at various LDH loadings of 0.2–4 wt%. The characterization data indicated that AMO-LDH nanoparticles were evenly dispersed within the PP matrix because of the excellent compatibility between PP and the AMO-LDH. The resistance to thermal degradation of PP/AMO LDH nanocomposites was significantly increased even with very low LDH loadings. The 50% weight loss temperature (T0.5) of PP was increased by 43°C with 4 wt% LDH. UV analysis demonstrated that adding AMO-Zn2Al-DASDSA LDH could significantly enhance the UV absorption capacity of PP. For the enhancement of the photo-stability of PP, the performance of AMO-Zn2Al-DASDSA was much better than the control material Zn2Al-NO3. POLYM. COMPOS., 2015. © 2015 Society of Plastics Engineers
    Polymer Composites 08/2015; DOI:10.1002/pc.23764
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    ABSTRACT: To restrain the migration and extractability of the antioxidants and improve the dispersion of nanosilica in natural rubber (NR), antioxidant 2-tert-butyl-6-(3-tert-butyl-2-hydroxy-5-methylbenzyl)-4-methyphenyl acrylate (GM) functionalized nanosilica was prepared using antioxidant coupling agent (KH590-GM) as functional modifier, which was first synthesized through thiol-ene reaction between the mercapto group of γ-mercaptopropyl trimethoxysilane (KH590) and the CC double bonds of antioxidant GM. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and 1H nuclear magnetic resonance confirmed the structure of KH590-GM and GM functionalized nanosilica. Thermogravimetry analysis indicated that the grafting rate of GM functionalized nanosilica reached 13.4%, and the antioxidant had good thermal stability. Scanning electron microscope and mechanical properties measurement showed GM functionalized nanosilica was dispersed uniformly in NR vulcanizates, and helpful for the increase of the tensile strength and tensile stress of NR vulcanizates. Based on the study of the antioxidative behavior and extraction resistance of the NR vulcanizates, it was found that in contrast to NR vulcanizates with GM, the ageing coefficient and oxidation induction time of that with GM functionalized nanosilica increased to 0.66 and 39 min from 0.58 and 30 min, respectively. Furthermore, the NR vulcanizates with GM functionalized nanosilica also exhibited excellent extraction resistance. POLYM. COMPOS., 2015. © 2015 Society of Plastics Engineers
    Polymer Composites 08/2015; DOI:10.1002/pc.23688
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    ABSTRACT: Ultrasonic irradiation and solution dispersion methods were used to organize transparent worthwhile poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) nanocomposite (NC) films which contain different amounts of modified zinc oxide nanoparticles (NP)s. First, modification of ZnO NPs was accomplished by biocompatible poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) to increase NCs compatibility and dispersity in the PVC matrix. The investigation followed by the fabrication and characterization of PVC/ZnO-PVA NCs which obtained via fast and facile ultrasonication irradiation. The measurements of X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and field emission scanning electron microscopy were used for the characterization of properties, structure and morphology of the obtained NPs and their NCs. Furthermore, thermal and optical properties of the resulting NCs were also carried out by thermogravimetric analysis, ultraviolet-visible transmission, and absorption spectra. Morphology results demonstrate well-dispersed characteristics of ZnO-PVA NPs incorporated in the PVC matrix which resulted from modification. Also, modified ZnO NPs enhanced mechanical properties of prepared NC films. Prepared NCs could be categorized as self-extinguishing materials on the basis of the limiting oxygen index values. POLYM. COMPOS., 2015. © 2015 Society of Plastics Engineers
    Polymer Composites 08/2015; DOI:10.1002/pc.23750
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    ABSTRACT: Chitosan/sepiolite (CS/SEP) bionanocomposite films have been prepared and characterized with Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), X-ray diffraction, and scanning electron microscopic analysis. The results indicated the formation of a phase separated microcomposite structure at low and high content of SEP. The point of zero charge was determined as neutral pH. The thermal behavior of the samples was examined by TGA/derivative thermogravimetric (DTG) analysis. The dispersed clay improved the thermal stability of the matrix systematically with the increase of clay loading. The release of Tetracycline (TC) was also studied in a batch system as function of pH, clay content, and contact time at 37°C. Increase in the clay content of the composite resulted decrease in the release of TC due to the interaction of the silanol groups (SiOH) of the clay and the OH groups of the drug by the formation of the hydrogen bonding. Diffusion rate of TC to aqueous medium decreased by increasing SEP content. POLYM. COMPOS., 2015. © 2015 Society of Plastics Engineers
    Polymer Composites 08/2015; DOI:10.1002/pc.23751
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    ABSTRACT: In this work, the use of nano-boron carbide as a nanomodifier of phenolic matrix was envisioned. Particularly, nano-boron carbide/phenolic-based nanocomposites were produced and investigated. The obtained nanostructured matrices were also used to produce carbon fiber-based bulk molding compounds (BMC). The thermal stability of nanocomposites and BMCs was investigated by thermogravimetric analysis both in nitrogen and in air atmospheres. The good dispersion and distribution of the nanosized particles in the matrix was confirmed by transmission electron microscopy while the post-burning appearance of the BMCs was investigated by visual inspection and scanning electron microscopy. The experimental data highlighted the remarkable effects of nano-boron carbide on the thermal stability and oxidation resistance of the carbon fiber-based BMCs. Moreover, the boron oxide produced by the conversion of boron carbide allowed a substantial improvement of the dimensional stability of the BMC which also exhibited considerable residual structural integrity after burning. POLYM. COMPOS., 2015. © 2015 Society of Plastics Engineers
    Polymer Composites 08/2015; DOI:10.1002/pc.23752
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    ABSTRACT: In this study, flax fiber reinforced and flax/basalt hybridized vinyl ester composites were produced and their interlaminar fracture toughness (mode II) behavior was investigated using the three-point bend end-notched flexural (3ENF) testing. From the results, the average of the maximum values for each group of specimen obtained for critical strain energy release rate GIIC and stress intensity factor KII for flax/vinyl ester specimens were 1,940 J/m2 and 134 kPam0.5. Similarly, GIIC and KII values recorded for hybridized specimens were 2,173 J/m2 and 178 kPam0.5, respectively. The results for the flax/basalt hybridized composites exhibited an improved fracture toughness behavior compared to flax/vinyl ester composites without hybridization. The cohesive zone modeling (CZM) was also used to predict the delamination crack propagation in mode-II in laminated composite structures. After the experimental study, the 3ENF specimens were modeled and simulated using ANSYS. The CZM/FEA results were in reasonable agreement with the experimental results. POLYM. COMPOS., 2015. © 2015 Society of Plastics Engineers
    Polymer Composites 08/2015; DOI:10.1002/pc.23743