Current Heart Failure Reports Journal Impact Factor & Information

Publisher: Current Medicine Group

Current impact factor: 0.00

Impact Factor Rankings

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5-year impact 0.00
Cited half-life 0.00
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Website Current Heart Failure Reports website
Other titles Current heart failure reports (Online), Current heart failure reports
ISSN 1546-9549
OCLC 53129493
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Current Medicine Group

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    • Articles in some journals can be made Open Access on payment of additional charge
    • Reviewed 09 June 2014
    • 'Current Medicine Group' is an imprint of 'Springer Verlag (Germany)'
  • Classification

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Improvement in functional status, long-term survival, and quality of life has always been the goal of therapy in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction. Neurohormonal modulating medications help patients achieve these goals and, in a subgroup of patients, can promote "reverse remodeling" resulting in the recovery of left ventricular systolic function. In the era of durable mechanical support, myocardial recovery that leads to explantation of the ventricular assist device occurs in a minority of cases. Optimal medical therapy appears to be a key component of achieving myocardial recovery, with recovery more likely in patients with a shorter duration of heart failure and a non-ischemic etiology. However, little is known about future management of patients who attain myocardial recovery, either with or without mechanical support. This review explores the epidemiology, physiology, cellular biology, and long-term outcomes for this subgroup of heart failure patients and outlines areas for future study.
    Current Heart Failure Reports 10/2015; 12(6). DOI:10.1007/s11897-015-0274-4
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    ABSTRACT: Congestion, defined by elevated cardiac filling pressures, is the major driver of hospitalization in acute decompensated heart failure. Careful clinical assessment should allow to determine whether volume overload or volume misdistribution is the predominating mechanism of congestion. Differentiation is imperative because therapy differs. If volume overloads prevails, loop diuretics are considered the mainstay therapy. However, early use of combinational therapy with diuretics acting more proximal or distal in the nephron could allow for a more profound natriuresis and diuresis. A stepped guided pharmacological treatment should focus on achieving complete decongestion, because persistent congestion is a major driver of readmission. If diuretic strategies remain unsuccessful, ultrafiltration should be considered. Ultrafiltration should be used with caution in the setting of worsening of renal function. When volume misdistribution and impaired venous capacitance predominate the picture of congestion, unloading-more than diuretics-with arteriolar and venous vasodilators might mitigate the clinical picture of congestion. This review offers a thorough overview and practical insight in the use of current and potential decongestive therapies.
    Current Heart Failure Reports 10/2015; 12(6). DOI:10.1007/s11897-015-0273-5
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    ABSTRACT: The feasibility, safety, and efficacy of transcatheter heart valve (THV) therapies such as MitraClip and transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) have made them valid therapeutic options in high-risk or inoperable patients with heart failure (HF). Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) demonstrated noninferiority and superiority in terms of efficacy for 12 months of TAVI versus surgical replacement and optimal medical therapy, respectively. With regard to MitraClip, noninferiority was first demonstrated in four subgroups at 12 months and then later at 4-year follow-up. This difference in clinical outcomes between the two therapies is consistent with the discrepancy in the level of recommendation and class of evidence for TAVI and MitraClip according to recent international guidelines (IB vs. IIbC, respectively). Data from ongoing RCTs and national registries will help establish the reciprocal role and hierarchy among THV therapies, surgery, and medical treatment in patients with HF.
    Current Heart Failure Reports 10/2015; 12(6). DOI:10.1007/s11897-015-0275-3
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    ABSTRACT: The understanding of the genetic basis of cardiomyopathy has expanded significantly over the past 2 decades. The increasing availability, shortening diagnostic time, and lowering costs of genetic testing have provided researchers and physicians with the opportunity to identify the underlying genetic determinants for thousands of genetic disorders, including inherited cardiomyopathies, in effort to improve patient morbidities and mortality. As such, genetic testing has advanced from basic scientific research to clinical application and has been incorporated as part of patient evaluations for suspected inherited cardiomyopathies. Genetic evaluation framework of inherited cardiomyopathies typically encompasses careful evaluation of family history, genetic counseling, clinical screening of family members, and if appropriate, molecular genetic testing. This review summarizes the genetics, current guideline recommendations, and evidence supporting the genetic evaluation framework of five hereditary forms of cardiomyopathy: dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC), restrictive cardiomyopathy (RCM), and left ventricular noncompaction (LVNC).
    Current Heart Failure Reports 10/2015; 12(6). DOI:10.1007/s11897-015-0271-7
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    ABSTRACT: Heart failure affects over five million Americans each year and contributes to morbidity, mortality, and high health care costs. Despite the benefits of RAAS and SNS blockers, 5-year survival rates in patients with heart failure remain low, necessitating continued research and new drug targets. LCZ696 (sacubitril/valsartan) is an angiotensin-receptor neprilysin inhibitor recently approved for HFrEF, with dual actions that result in enhancement of natriuretic peptide levels and blockade of angiotensin II activities. This drug shows promise in further improving clinical outcomes in HFrEF and is being studied in patients with HFpEF. In the PARADIGM-HF study, LCZ696 (sacubitril/valsartan) was shown to reduce the composite of cardiovascular mortality and heart failure hospitalizations compared with enalapril in patients with HFrEF taking guideline-directed medical therapies and resulted in prolonged survival. In trials, hypotension occurred more frequently with LCZ696 (sacubitril/valsartan) compared to an ACE inhibitor, warranting careful dose titration. Further clinical experience with LCZ696 (sacubitril/valsartan) will provide additional information on tolerability in a broad range of patients of various demographics.
    Current Heart Failure Reports 10/2015; 12(6). DOI:10.1007/s11897-015-0270-8
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Despite increasing recognition of the importance of right ventricular (RV) dysfunction (RVD) in the pathophysiology of left heart disease, our understanding of its epidemiology in heart failure (HF) with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) remains incomplete. In part, this is due to complex RV geometry and challenging and inconsistent assessment of RV function . Consequently, the prevalence of RVD in HFpEF varies widely depending on study design and population characteristics; however, on average is observed in one third of HFpEF subjects. In these patients, RVD is most commonly associated with an advanced HF state, pulmonary hypertension, atrial fibrillation, right ventricular pacing, and tricuspid valve regurgitation. Whether these associations are causal remains uncertain.Right ventricular dysfunction is recognized to confer poor outcomes in patients with HFpEF, including increased HF hospitalization and higher overall and cardiovascular mortality. Moreover, the prognostic significance of RVD in HFpEF is independent of, and additive to, the severity of pulmonary hypertension. As greater emphasis is placed on phenotyping subgroups of patients with HFpEF in order to tailor therapeutic strategies, improved characterization of the large subset of HFpEF patients with RVD, with and without antecedent pulmonary hypertension may yield critical insights, which inform novel therapeutic interventions.
    Current Heart Failure Reports 09/2015; 12(5). DOI:10.1007/s11897-015-0267-3
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    ABSTRACT: Heart failure (HF) patients are at high risk of hospital readmission, which contributes to substantial health care costs. There is great interest in strategies to reduce rehospitalization for HF. However, many readmissions occur within 30 days of initial hospital discharge, presenting a challenge for interventions to be instituted in a short time frame. Potential strategies to reduce readmissions for HF can be classified into three different forms. First, patients who are at high risk of readmission can be identified even before their initial index hospital discharge. Second, ambulatory remote monitoring strategies may be instituted to identify early warning signs before acute decompensation of HF occurs. Finally, strategies may be employed in the emergency department to identify low-risk patients who may not need hospital readmission. If symptoms improve with initial therapy, low-risk patients could be referred to specialized, rapid outpatient follow-up care where investigations and therapy can occur in an outpatient setting.
    Current Heart Failure Reports 08/2015; 12(5). DOI:10.1007/s11897-015-0266-4
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Heart failure is a growing epidemic, and our understanding of the intricacies of its pathophysiology continues to evolve. Over the last decade, biomarkers of heart failure have been extensively investigated, particularly for diagnosis and risk stratification. While the natriuretic peptides remain the gold standard heart failure biomarker, they are plagued by their non-specific nature; furthermore, the strategy of natriuretic peptide-guided care remains elusive. Multiple candidate markers indicative of other physiologic aspects of heart failure have been identified and studied, including soluble ST2, galectin-3, and high-sensitivity cardiac troponins. Each of these biomarkers has the potential to provide unique therapeutically relevant information. Ultimately, a multi-marker approach may be applied to improve care of patients with heart failure. Definitive clinical trials and the use of advanced statistical analytic techniques are needed to truly determine the optimal strategy of biomarker-assisted diagnosis, prognostication, and management of patients who suffer from this devastating condition.
    Current Heart Failure Reports 08/2015; 12(5). DOI:10.1007/s11897-015-0268-2
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    ABSTRACT: Despite major advances in the medical care of patients following heart transplantation (HTx) and a steady increase in long-term survival, allograft surveillance is still based on endomyocardial biopsy, the gold standard since the 1970s. This invasive procedure calls for less burdening and more cost-effective approaches. In recent years, impressive progress has been made in utilizing blood-based biomarkers for the diagnosis and management of diseases in a variety of fields. Hence, a number of trials have been performed testing the usefulness of circulating molecules or other technical methods to overcome the need for surveillance myocardial biopsy in HTx patients. Here, we review current approaches and the state of research on novel biomarkers for the management of patients following heart transplantation.
    Current Heart Failure Reports 08/2015; 12(5). DOI:10.1007/s11897-015-0269-1
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    ABSTRACT: Genetic variants contribute to several steps during heart failure pathophysiology. The mechanisms include frequent polymorphisms that increase the susceptibility to heart failure in the general population and rare variants as causes of an underlying cardiomyopathy. In this review, we highlight recent discoveries made by genetic approaches and provide an outlook onto the role of epigenetic modifiers of heart failure.
    Current Heart Failure Reports 08/2015; 12(5). DOI:10.1007/s11897-015-0264-6
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    ABSTRACT: This review aims to discuss and summarize the evidence base for devices that have a role in monitoring patients with heart failure for the purpose of attempting to prevent heart failure-related admissions. Despite contemporary heart failure service provision, many patients continue to need acute admission for decompensation. There is a clinical need for a better strategy for predicting decompensation earlier so that appropriate therapeutic interventions can be commenced sooner in order to prevent the need for acute hospital admission. Between clinical assessment visits, the contemporary approach to management is based primarily on daily home monitoring of weight by patients; while this has proved useful, it falls short. For example, substantial weight gain was seen in only 20 % of ADHF admission patients according to data collected in the TEN-HMS home telemonitoring study. Monitoring devices offer the possibility of tracking additional physiological or haemodynamic parameters that may allow for earlier detection and more accurate identification of patients at risk of acute decompensation.
    Current Heart Failure Reports 06/2015; 12(4). DOI:10.1007/s11897-015-0262-8
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    ABSTRACT: Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) has evolved into a major tool for the diagnosis and assessment of prognosis of patients suffering from heart failure. Anatomical and structural imaging, functional assessment, T1 and T2 mapping tissue characterization, and late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) have provided clinicians with tools to distinguish between non-ischemic and ischemic cardiomyopathies and to identify the etiology of non-ischemic cardiomyopathies. LGE is a useful tool to predict the likelihood of functional recovery after revascularization in patients with CAD and to guide the left ventricular (LV) lead placement in those who qualify for cardiac resynchronization (CRT) therapy. In addition, the presence of LGE and its extent in myocardial tissue relate to overall cardiovascular outcomes. Emerging roles for cardiac imaging in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) are being studied, and CMR continues to be among the most promising noninvasive imaging alternatives in the diagnosis of this disease.
    Current Heart Failure Reports 06/2015; 12(4). DOI:10.1007/s11897-015-0261-9
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    ABSTRACT: Idiopathic giant cell myocarditis (IGCM) is a rare disease causing progressive myocarditis characterized by myocardial necrosis and giant cells. Patients often present with rapidly progressive heart failure, ventricular arrhythmias, and heart block. Without treatment, the disease often results in progressive pump failure requiring urgent cardiac transplantation or the need for mechanical circulatory support. The underlying pathophysiologic mechanisms are not yet defined but appear to involve genetics, autoimmune disorders, and possibly environmental factors such as viruses. Combined immunosuppressive regimens appear to prolong survival from death or cardiac transplant. Nevertheless, cardiac transplant is an effective treatment. The disease can recur in the transplanted heart resulting in death or the need for retransplant.
    Current Heart Failure Reports 04/2015; 12(3). DOI:10.1007/s11897-015-0260-x
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    ABSTRACT: The success achieved in advances in cancer therapy has been marred by development of cardiotoxicity, which causes significant morbidity and mortality. This has led to the development of surveillance protocols for cardiotoxicity utilizing multimodality imaging techniques and investigation of various drugs to treat and prevent cardiotoxicity in this subset of patients. Cardiac biomarkers hold important diagnostic and prognostic value in various cardiac diseases. In this review, we discuss the use of biomarkers in patients receiving chemotherapy, highlighting data behind the use of troponin, B-type natriuretic peptide, and myeloperoxidase. We also discuss the use of dexrazoxane, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, and beta blockers in the treatment and prevention of chemotherapy-induced cardiotoxicity. Cardiac biomarkers may serve an important role in selecting patients that are at high risk of cardiotoxicity and can potentially be used to guide the administration of drugs to treat and prevent cardiotoxicity.
    Current Heart Failure Reports 04/2015; 12(3). DOI:10.1007/s11897-015-0258-4
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is the most common form of heart failure (HF) in older adults. The primary chronic symptom in patients with HFpEF, even when well compensated, is severe exercise intolerance. Cardiac and peripheral functions contribute equally to exercise intolerance in HFpEF, though the latter has been the focus of fewer studies. Of note, multiple studies with exercise training have shown that exercise intolerance can improve significantly in the absence of improvements in exercise cardiac output, indicating a role of peripheral, noncardiac adaptations. In addition, clinical drug trials performed to date in HFpEF, all of which have focused on influencing cardiovascular function, have not been positive on primary clinical outcomes and most have not improved exercise capacity. Mounting evidence indicates that sarcopenic obesity, characterized by the coexistence of excess fat mass and decreased muscle mass, could contribute to the pathophysiology of exercise intolerance in older HFpEF patients and may provide avenues for novel treatments.
    Current Heart Failure Reports 03/2015; 12(3). DOI:10.1007/s11897-015-0257-5
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    ABSTRACT: Venous congestion and endothelial and neurohormonal activation are known to occur in acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF), yet the temporal role of these processes in the pathophysiology of decompensation is not fully understood. Conventional wisdom presumes congestion to be a consequence of worsening cardiovascular function; however, the biomechanically driven effects of venous congestion are biologically plausible contributors to ADHF that remain largely unexplored in vivo. Recent experimental evidence from human models suggests that fluid accumulation and venous congestion are not simply consequences of poor cardiovascular function, but rather are fundamental pro-oxidant, pro-inflammatory, and hemodynamic stimuli that contribute to acute decompensation. The latest advances in the monitoring of volume status using implantable devices allow for the detection of venous congestion before symptoms arise. This may ultimately lead to improved treatment strategies including not only diuretics, but also specific, adjuvant interventions to counteract endothelial and neurohormonal activation during early preclinical decompensation.
    Current Heart Failure Reports 03/2015; 12(3). DOI:10.1007/s11897-015-0254-8