Tourism in Marine Environments (Tourism Mar Environ)

Publisher: Cognizant Communication Corporation

Journal description

Tourism in Marine Environments is an interdisciplinary journal dealing with a variety of management issues in marine settings. It is a scientific journal that draws upon the expertise of academics and practitioners from various disciplines related to the marine environment, including tourism, marine science, geography, social sciences, psychology, environmental studies, economics, marketing, and many more. The marine environment has long been one of the most attractive settings for tourism. Marine tourism, as defined by Orams (Marine tourism: Development, impacts and management. Routledge; 1999, p. 9) includes 'those recreational activities that involve travel away from one's place of residence and which have as their host or focus the marine environment (where the marine environment is defined as those waters which are saline and tide-affected)'. Thus, it includes a wide spectrum of activities, such as scuba diving and snorkeling, wind surfing, fishing, observing marine mammals and birds, the cruise ship and ferry industry, all beach activities, sea kayaking, visits to fishing villages and lighthouses, maritime museums, sailing and motor yachting, maritime events, Arctic and Antarctic tourism, and many more. Tourism in Marine Environments aims to contribute to the process of theory building, and to be the leading source for research reports and analysis related to all forms of marine tourism. It is governed by an international editorial board consisting of experts in marine tourism, marine science, and related fields. This board conducts most of the manuscript reviews and therefore plays a large role in setting the standards for research and publication in the field. The Editor-In-Chief receives and processes all manuscripts, from time to time modifies the editorial board, and works to ensure a continuous improvement in quality.

Current impact factor: 0.00

Impact Factor Rankings

Additional details

5-year impact 0.00
Cited half-life 0.00
Immediacy index 0.00
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Article influence 0.00
Website Tourism in Marine Environments website
Other titles Tourism in marine environments (Online)
ISSN 1544-273X
OCLC 67618222
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Cognizant Communication Corporation

  • Pre-print
    • Author cannot archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author cannot archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • On Institutional Repositories
    • Publisher's version/PDF must be used (provided)
    • On a non-profit server
    • Publisher copyright and source must be acknowledged
  • Classification
    ​ blue

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This article investigates the emergence of two distinct segments in the global cruise market: the local passenger, who lives within the region that they cruise to take a cruise, and the long-haul cruise passenger, who flies from their region to take a cruise in another region. The research examined the relative prior cruise behavior and relative intention of passengers to return to New Zealand as a destination. Four hundred and seventy-nine cruise passengers from nine cruise ship arrivals were interviewed in a single destination, Dunedin, New Zealand. Three hundred and sixty-four were local to the Australasian region, and 115 were long-haul arrivals, primarily from North America and the UK. The research revealed very large differences in prior behavior and future intentions between the two segments. Long-haul passengers were typically much more experienced cruisers and had a very much lower intention to return than did their local equivalents. These findings are consistent with cruise berth providers' expectations that the industry is developing into a global industry with multiple significant passenger source/destination regions and two distinct global mass cruise passenger segments: long haul and local. The implications for cruise destinations and direction for further research are discussed.
    Tourism in Marine Environments 01/2015; 10. DOI:10.3727/154427315X14181438892694
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    ABSTRACT: People cruise for many different reasons. For cruise line management, understanding what these motives are, and specifically which segments have different motives, is extremely important in engineering appropriate on-board experiences and marketing efforts. Thus, the primary purpose of this study was to measure common motives for cruising, in order to develop segments of cruisers based on these motives. A secondary purpose was to look for differences between the profiles of the resultant groups. Results of a cluster analysis of nine primary motives for cruise travel revealed five clusters termed: Relaxers, Socializers, Cultured, Unmotivated, and Highly Motivated. Each of the groups was found to be different demographically, and in their travel behavior, yet no differences were found in how they evaluated their cruise experiences. Implications for both developing cruise programming and marketing are discussed.
    Tourism in Marine Environments 01/2015; 10. DOI:10.3727/154427315X14181438892649
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    ABSTRACT: Expedition style cruise tourism represents a significant proportion of shipping activity across the Arctic. This article compares and contrasts governance structures that manage the cruise sector from case studies located in the Canadian (Nunavut) and the Russian Arctic (Murmansk and Arkhangelsk regions). Analysis of sources, including interviews with key stakeholders, strategic tourism plans, and an inventory of institutional governance reveals that in both these locations there is no central authority to govern the growth of the industry, no specific cruise or yacht management plans, and no site guidelines for highly visited shore locations (other than in protected areas). The article concludes that under current conditions there are significant barriers to supporting development of the expedition cruise sector in both these Arctic regions.
    Tourism in Marine Environments 01/2015; 10. DOI:10.3727/154427315X14181438892883
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    ABSTRACT: Today, the cruise industry has become one of the fastest growing segments of the tourism industry with an ever increasing number of international ports-of-call welcoming cruise ships to their shore. Whereas once the cost of a cruise ship vacation included accommodation, meals, entertainment, and onshore activities, pressure to reduce prices and increasing competition has meant that onshore activities are mostly no longer included in the overall ticket price. As a result, passengers individually decide and purchase any onshore activities they may wish to engage in (although much of this "purchasing" takes place on board, which means the cruise ship collects a large fee for making the sale). While there has been an abundance of academic literature that has focused on the information search processes general tourists undertake, there is a gap in the literature surrounding the processes that cruise ship passengers undertake both before and during their cruise. To understand passenger information search procedures, we undertook in-depth interviews with cruise passengers during their cruise. In total, 140 interviews were undertaken, with a main objective being to understand the amount of information sourced on the destinations that were being visited as ports of call. This article reports on the analysis of the results and discusses the implications for port development as well as cruise marketing.
    Tourism in Marine Environments 01/2015; 10. DOI:10.3727/154427315X14181438892720
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    ABSTRACT: This article reports on a study of community attitudes to cruise tourism in Akaroa, New Zealand. An important dimension of this study is the significant rate of growth in cruise arrivals over a short period of time as the result of the 2010/11 Canterbury earthquakes. Data were collected via a postal survey of the Akaroa community, and yielded a response rate of 56.6% (n = 316). The results indicate that despite the recent growth in arrivals, the Akaroa community holds a largely favorable opinion of cruise tourism. Importantly, the impacts identified by respondents were more closely aligned to threats to their identity as a destination, rather than problems with tourism, per se.
    Tourism in Marine Environments 01/2015; 10. DOI:10.3727/154427315X14181438892856
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    ABSTRACT: Cruise ships and associated developments are topics of growing scholarly and public interest. It is increasingly important to understand how these developments affect the local community. The Historic Port of Falmouth was developed through a partnership between Royal Caribbean and the Port Authority of Jamaica in 2011 and is the largest purpose-built port of call in the Caribbean. The purpose of this qualitative case study was to understand the impacts of the new development in Falmouth, Jamaica from the perspective of those who live there. Three subthemes emanating from data analysis are: big promises, big disappointments; access denied; and all is not lost at sea. After presenting these themes, we introduce the overarching theme of “big ships, big bubble” and further develop Weaver's notion of “containment” as a way to capture the mix of powerlessness and hopefulness as it was expressed by members of this community.
    Tourism in Marine Environments 01/2015; 10. DOI:10.3727/154427315X14181438892766
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    ABSTRACT: This research article investigates the effect that extended social interactions, found among the crew on board cruise ships, has on workplace engagement. Extended social interactions relate to the relatively lengthy contracts that are experienced by seafarers and the resultant implications of working and socializing in close proximity with colleagues. The project reflected on the limited context-specific literature that focused on job satisfaction, engagement, and occupational communities and more generic theory relating to managing employment relations, employee engagement, and employee commitment. An online survey was used to identify crewmembers' perceptions of the extended social interaction. The research concluded that the extended social interactions found on board cruise ships had a largely favorable impact on workplace engagement. Furthermore, respondents were overwhelmingly positive when considering the effect that their working relationships had on the professional setting.
    Tourism in Marine Environments 01/2015; 10. DOI:10.3727/154427315X14181438892973
  • Tourism in Marine Environments 01/2015; 10. DOI:10.3727/154427315X14181438892603
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    ABSTRACT: This article details the findings of research undertaken on cruise ship operations around Iceland and in the North Atlantic in the year 2013 and until the end of the summer season 2014. The focus of the research was on the socioeconomic impact of cruise ship arrivals on small and/or peripheral destinations in Iceland, set within the context of cruise tourism development in the North Atlantic and the Arctic more broadly. The article details who can expect to receive benefits from cruise ship arrivals in a peripheral destination in Iceland. The findings demonstrate that Iceland is largely dependent on big cruise ships for the accrued benefit, yet opportunities exist for smaller harbors to cater to expedition-type vessels, vessels that are indeed doing arctic exploration, and Iceland could function as the gateway harbor, with well-developed infrastructure for these purposes.
    Tourism in Marine Environments 01/2015; 10. DOI:10.3727/154427315X14181438892928
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    ABSTRACT: In understanding the importance of interpretation in guiding sustainable turtle tourism, this article reports on the effect of an interpretation program, the Jurabi Turtle Experience (JTE), on the behavior of turtle-watching tourists at the Jurabi Coastal Park, on the Northwest Cape of Western Australia. Ninety-seven turtle-watching tourists in the Jurabi Coastal Park, including people who attended the JTE and others who did not, were sampled during the peak turtle nesting season (December–January) using participant observation and a questionnaire. People participating in the JTE showed increased compliance with a behavioral code of conduct for turtle watching and higher satisfaction with the experience compared with people who did not participate. These increases strengthen the case for continuing the JTE and possibly requiring all Jurabi Coastal Park visitors to participate in a JTE-like experience.
    Tourism in Marine Environments 09/2014; 10(1):31-48. DOI:10.3727/154427314X14056884441707
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    ABSTRACT: Development strategies for remote artisanal fishing communities in the less developed world often promote tourism as an alternative livelihood. However, little is known regarding the perspectives of fisherfolk in these communities on tourism as a potential livelihood. Furthermore, there is a paucity of research into fisherfolks' understanding of tourism, how they identify their roles for potential involvement in tourism, and their desire to be “developed.” This article reports on a case study of Barangay Victory, a remote fishing-based community in the Bolinao region of the Philippines. Twenty-one face-to-face semistructured interviews were conducted with community members. Methods were grounded within participatory action research and phenomenological inquiry. Interviews were recorded and transcribed. Using a deductive approach, data sets were manually coded and a thematic analysis was conducted. Results demonstrate that residents rely heavily upon marine resources but, despite a reported declining fishery, the majority of fisherfolk remain satisfied with fishing as an occupation. Furthermore, although respondents stated a general willingness to engage in tourism development, the understanding of tourism (both the term itself and its potential role as a livelihood) was minimal. Thus, when considering the potential of tourism as a development strategy, though participant responses were positive, the results from this study have been interpreted as a yes that means a no. This lack of understanding of tourism as well as the expressed contentment with fishing as an occupation needs to be carefully considered when development strategies propose a livelihood shift towards tourism.
    Tourism in Marine Environments 09/2014; 10. DOI:10.3727/154427314X14056884441743
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    ABSTRACT: This article follows up on the seminal experience written by Weeden, Woolley, and Lester in 2011 where a cruise field trip was undertaken with a group of undergraduate students in the UK. It presents the reflections of students who undertook a cruise field trip carried out in Australia with 24 undergraduate students. While some of the experiential learning findings obtained in this research (n = 22) support what was presented from the smaller sample of the above-mentioned article (n = 8)—facilitation of group cohesion and first-hand understanding of managerial and operational aspects of the cruise sector—new pedagogical opportunities were also identified.
    Tourism in Marine Environments 09/2014; 10(1):115-120. DOI:10.3727/154427314X14056884441905
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    ABSTRACT: Cape Rodney–Okakari Point (Goat Island) Marine Reserve, established in 1975, is New Zealand's oldest and most visited marine protected area (MPA). This study reports on the experiences of its visitors. A self-reply questionnaire (n=305) using the real-time satisfaction (RTS) measurement was utilized to investigate peak summer visitors' activities, satisfaction levels, and knowledge of marine protection. Results revealed a diversity of visitors who primarily identify the reserve as a place to “swim with the fish.” Visitors were mostly satisfied, but were dissatisfied with a number of aspects, primarily overcrowding and the lack of parking. Results indicated there is support for stronger managerial approaches to limit visitor numbers and restrict activities such as commercial tourism.
    Tourism in Marine Environments 09/2014; 10. DOI:10.3727/154427314X14056884441860
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    ABSTRACT: Because of the increasing number of scuba divers worldwide, satisfaction and safety issues are crucial for success in the tourism industry. This study established characteristics of scuba diving guides to achieve diver safety along with the environmental impact concerns related to this activity. A hybrid MCDM model was used to address dependent relationships among a set of criteria. Preferences of divers towards dive guides can be calculated using ANP and DEMATEL to determine the relative weights of each criterion. The result shows that diving skill is the crucial factor for professional dive guides, including the skill in leading dives and managing problems.
    Tourism in Marine Environments 09/2014; 10. DOI:10.3727/154427314X14056884441824
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    ABSTRACT: We evaluated the effectiveness of harbor seal (Phoca vitulina)-related vessel regulations in Glacier Bay National Park. We observed 100% compliance with area closures intended to minimize disturbance to dependent pups, yet dependent pups were still present in the inlet after the area was opened to vessels. Compliance with the 463 meter (m) minimum approach distance regulation by vessels was low (22%), although 33% of vessel–seal encounters resulted in disturbance when vessels were still >463 m from seals. Ice cover was the best predictor of disturbance. Our results indicated that vessel regulations might be variably effective due to biological irrelevance, noncompliance, or environmental factors. MPA regulations should be evaluated to ensure achievement of conservation objectives.
    Tourism in Marine Environments 01/2014; 10. DOI:10.3727/154427314X14056884441626
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    ABSTRACT: Horta was the first city of the Azores Islands (Portugal) to have a marina. Over time, yachts from all over the world have brought to this city more than the expected tourism economic impact. In fact, the existence of the marina developed a nautical culture in the local population, as well as a strong symbolic relationship with the sea. The marina has become the most important structure of the city and a brand of this island. Survey results show that Horta and the marina are seen by residents as a single integrated element.
    Tourism in Marine Environments 12/2013; 9(3/4):193. DOI:10.3727/154427313X13818453739594