Journal of physical activity & health (J Phys Activ Health)

Publisher: Human Kinetics

Journal description

The Journal of Physical Activity and Health (JPAH) publishes original research and review papers examining the relationship between physical activity and health, studying physical activity as an exposure as well as an outcome. As an exposure, the journal publishes articles examining how physical activity influences all aspects of health. As an outcome, the journal invites papers that examine the behavioral, community, and environmental interventions that may affect physical activity on an individual and/or population basis. The JPAH is an interdisciplinary journal published for researchers in fields of chronic disease (e.g., cancer, heart disease, mental health, weight control, neurologic deficits, etc.) where physical activity may play a role in prevention, treatment, or rehabilitation.

Current impact factor: 1.95

Impact Factor Rankings

Additional details

5-year impact 0.00
Cited half-life 3.30
Immediacy index 0.44
Eigenfactor 0.01
Article influence 0.00
Website Journal of Physical Activity and Health website
Other titles Journal of physical activity & health, Journal of physical activity and health, JPAH
ISSN 1543-3080
OCLC 51531702
Material type Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Journal / Magazine / Newspaper, Internet Resource

Publisher details

Human Kinetics

  • Pre-print
    • Archiving status unclear
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Author's post-print only (in PDF or other image capture format)
    • On the author's personal website(s) or institutional repository
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Publisher copyright and source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Set statement to accompany deposit "as accepted for publication"
    • Publisher last contacted on 05/12/2013
  • Classification

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background: The aim of this systematic review was to identify the most optimal step-count cutoff for children and adolescents (5-19 years) among guidelines currently available in the literature. Methods: The databases searched were PubMed, SportDiscus, Science Direct, Web of Science and LILACS. Studies were categorized into Health Cohort studies or Physical Activity (PA) Cohort studies according to the reference standard used. The quality of the studies was assessed using the QUADAS-2 instrument. Results: Six Health and 3 PA Cohort studies were included in the final pool of papers after Full Text reading. With the exception of a single study, studies demonstrated a high risk of methodological bias in at least one of the QUADAS-2 domains. Guidelines ranged from 10,000 to 16,000 steps/day for the Health studies (5-16 years), and from 9,000 to 14,000 steps/day for PA studies (6-19 years). Due to the high risk of methodological bias, none of the Health Cohort guidelines were endorsed. The PA Cohort study with the lowest risk of methodological bias suggested 12,000 steps/day for children and adolescents irrespective of gender. Conclusion: PA Cohort studies demonstrated lower risk of methodological bias than Health Cohort studies. The optimal youth step-count guideline of 12,000 steps/day was endorsed.
    Journal of physical activity & health 11/2015; 12(8):1184 – 1191. DOI:10.1123/jpah.2014-0202
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Innovative methods are warranted to optimize prenatal outcomes. This study's objective was to determine if a web-based behavioral intervention can prevent excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) by increasing physical activity (PA). Methods: Participants were randomized to usual care (UC; n=21) or behavioral intervention (BI; n=24) between 10-14 weeks gestation. GWG, PA and diet were assessed at baseline, mid- and late-pregnancy. Results: No differences in GWG or adherence to GWG recommendations presented between groups. Total UC MET-minutes significantly decreased from baseline to late-pregnancy (1234 ± 372 MET-minutes, P = 0.013). Mid-pregnancy sustained PA was greater for BI than UC (20-min PA bouts: 122 ± 106 vs 46 ± 48 mins/week, P = 0.005; 30-min PA bouts: 74 ± 70 vs 14 ± 24 mins/week, P < 0.001), and greater for BI at mid-pregnancy compared to baseline (20-min PA bouts: 61.3 ± 21.9; 30-min PA bouts: 39.6 ± 14.8, both P <0.05). BI energy intake at mid-pregnancy significantly increased from baseline (336 ± 127 kcals, P = 0.04) and was significantly greater than UC (2503 ± 703 vs 1894 ± 594, P = 0.005). Conclusions: Sedentary pregnant women should increase PA but may need additional dietary counseling to prevent excessive GWG.
    Journal of physical activity & health 11/2015; DOI:10.1123/jpah.2015-0219
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    ABSTRACT: Background: An increased occurrence of lifestyle-related diseases such as osteoporosis indicates the necessity for taking preventive action, including regularly engaging in physical activity. The aim of the study was to assess the areal bone mineral density (aBMD) and bone turnover markers levels in young adult women engaging in recreational horseback riding and to determine the relationship between training characteristics and bone metabolism indices. Methods: The study involved 43 women: 23 equestrians and 20 age- and body mass index-matched controls. The hip and spine aBMD and serum levels of the bone turnover markers: osteocalcin and collagen type I cross-linked C-telopeptide were measured. Results: No significant differences were found in somatic features, concentrations of bone turnover markers, or bone mass variables. Correlation analysis of the equestrian participants showed significant relationship between body mass and BMDL1-L4 (P < 0.05) as well as between BMI and BMDL1-L4 (P ≤ 0.01) and Z-score L1-L4 (P < 0.05). Conclusions: The study showed no differences in bone mass and levels of bone metabolic indices between groups of women practicing horseback riding at the recreational level and subjects who do not participate in frequent systematic physical activity. No relationship between training characteristics and bone turnover markers were found.
    Journal of physical activity & health 11/2015; DOI:10.1123/jpah.2015-0131
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Maternal physical activity declines across gestation, possibly due to changing perception of physical activity intensity. Our purpose was to a) determine whether rating of perceived exertion (RPE) during a treadmill exercise changes at a given energy expenditure, and b) identify the influence of prepregnancy physical activity behavior on this relationship. Methods: Fifty-one subjects were classified as either exercisers (N = 26) or sedentary (N = 25). Participants visited our laboratory at 20 and 32 weeks gestation and at 12 weeks postpartum. At each visit, women performed 5 minutes of moderate and vigorous treadmill exercise; speed was self-selected. Heart rate (HR), oxygen consumption (VO2), and RPE were measured during the last minute at each treadmill intensity. Results: At moderate intensity, postpartum VO2 was higher compared with 20- or 32-week VO2, but there was no difference for HR or RPE. For vigorous intensity, postpartum HR and VO2 were higher than at 32 weeks, but RPE was not different at any time points. Conclusions: RPE does not differ by pregnancy time point at either moderate or vigorous intensity. However, relative to energy cost, physical activity was perceived to be more difficult at 32 weeks compared with other time points. Pregnant women, then, may compensate for physiological changes during gestation by decreasing walking/running speeds.
    Journal of physical activity & health 07/2015; 12(7):1039-1043. DOI:10.1123/jpah.2013-0458

  • Journal of physical activity & health 06/2015; 12(6 Suppl 1):S1-S2. DOI:10.1123/jpah.2015-0309
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    ABSTRACT: Background: The importance of physical activity is well known. However, previous research suggests that breast movement during exercise can be painful, embarrassing, and anecdotally deter exercise participation. Therefore, this research investigates whether the breast influences physical activity participation. Methods: Female respondents (n = 249) completed a breast health and physical activity survey assessing bras and bra fit, physical activity, breast pain, comments and improvements, breast history, and demographics. Results: Results found that the breast was a barrier to physical activity participation for 17% of women. "I can't find the right sports bra" and "I am embarrassed by excessive breast movement" were the most influential breast related barriers to activity. Breast pain increased with vigorous activity and poor breast support. Breast health knowledge increased the use of a sports bra and levels of physical activity. Conclusions: The breast was the fourth greatest barrier to physical activity, behind energy/motivation (first), time constraints (second), and health (third), despite its omission from previous physical activity literature. As 33% of women were not meeting physical activity guidelines, increasing breast health knowledge may reduce barriers to physical activity.
    Journal of physical activity & health 04/2015; 12(4):588-594. DOI:10.1123/jpah.2013-0236
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    ABSTRACT: African-Americans lose less weight during a behavioral intervention compared with Whites, which may be from differences in dietary intake or physical activity. Subjects (30% African-American, 70% White; n=346; 42.4±9.0 yrs.; BMI=33.0±3.7 kg/m2) in an 18-month weight loss intervention were randomized to a standard behavioral (SBWI) or a stepped-care (STEP) intervention. Weight, dietary intake, self-report and objective physical activity, and fitness were assessed at 0, 6, 12, and 18 months. Weight loss at 18 months was greater in Whites (-8.74 kg with 95% CI [-10.10, -7.35]) compared with African-Americans (-5.62 kg with 95% CI[ -7.86 ,-3.37]) (p=0.03) in the SBWI group and the STEP group(White:-7.48 kg with 95% CI[-8.80, -6.17] vs. African-American:-4.41kg with 95% CI[-6.41,-2.42]) (p=0.01). Patterns of change in dietary intake were not different between groups. Objective physical activity changed over time (p<.0001) and was higher in Whites when compared to African-Americans (p=0.01). Whites lost more weight (3.10 kg) than African-American adults. Although there were no differences in dietary intake, Whites had higher levels of objective PA and fitness. Thus, the discrepancy in weight loss may be due to differences in PA rather than dietary intake. However, the precise role of these factors warrants further investigation.
    Journal of physical activity & health 03/2015; DOI:10.1123/jpah.2014-0243
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    ABSTRACT: Measuring the way people vary across time in meeting recommended levels of physical activity is a pre-requisite to quantifying exposure in outcome studies or identifying determinants of sufficient physical activity. The study determined whether distinct patterns of change in sufficient physical activity could be identified in a population. A cohort (N=497) from a random, multi-ethnic sample of adults living in Hawaii was assessed every 6 months for 2 years beginning spring 2004. Latent transition analysis classified people as sufficiently or insufficiently active each time. In the total cohort, odds that people would move from insufficient to sufficient activity (45%-59%) at each 6-month transition were higher than odds they would move from sufficient to insufficient activity (8%-13%). However, those odds, as well as types and amounts of physical activity, differed widely among and within 3 of 4 transition classes that represented 21% of the cohort. Point-prevalence of sufficient physical activity in the total cohort was similar to contemporary U.S. estimates. However, physical activity varied between and within sub-groups of the cohort. Further research is needed using self-report and objective measures to determine patterns of change in sufficient physical activity in other representative cohorts.
    Journal of physical activity & health 03/2015; DOI:10.1123/jpah.2014-0373
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    ABSTRACT: We have a limited understanding of the physical activity (PA) and sedentary levels among individuals at risk and not at risk for developing Alzheimer's disease (AD), which was the purpose of this study. Data from the 2003-2004 NHANES were used. 3,015 participants were evaluated, with 416 indicated a family history of AD. Physical activity and sedentary behavior were assessed via accelerometry with individuals at risk for AD self-reporting a family history of AD. For the entire sample, those at risk for AD engaged in more sedentary behavior than those not at risk (494.9 vs. 477.9 min/day, p=0.03, respectively). Similarly, those at risk for AD engaged in less non-bout MVPA than those not at risk (22.4 vs. 24.3 min/day, p=0.05, respectively). Results were also significant for various subgroups at risk for AD. Despite the beneficial effects of PA in preventing AD and prolonging the survival of AD, adults at risk for AD tend to engage in more sedentary behavior and less PA than those not at risk for AD. This finding even persisted among minorities (Hispanics and non-Hispanic blacks) who are already at an increased risk of developing AD.
    Journal of physical activity & health 02/2015; DOI:10.1123/jpah.2014-0554
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    ABSTRACT: It is unknown if activity monitors can detect the increased energy expenditure (EE) of wheelchair propulsion at different speeds or on different surfaces. Individuals who used manual wheelchairs (n=14) performed five wheeling activities: on a level surface at three speeds, on a rubberized track at one fixed speed and on a sidewalk course at a self-selected speed. EE was measured using a portable indirect calorimetry system and estimated by an Actical (AC) worn on the wrist and a SenseWear (SW) activity monitor worn on the upper arm. Repeated measures ANOVA was used to compare measured EE to the estimates from the standard AC prediction equation and SW using two different equations. Repeated measures ANOVA demonstrated a significant main effect between measured EE and estimated EE. There were no differences between the criterion method and the AC across the five activities. The SW overestimated EE when wheeling at three speeds on a level surface, and during sidewalk wheeling. The wheelchair-specific SW equation improved the EE prediction during low intensity activities, but error progressively increased during higher intensity activities. During manual wheelchair propulsion, the wrist-mounted AC provided valid estimates of EE, whereas the SW tended to overestimate EE.
    Journal of physical activity & health 01/2015; DOI:10.1123/jpah.2014-0376