Journal of physical activity & health (J Phys Activ Health )


The Journal of Physical Activity and Health (JPAH) publishes original research and review papers examining the relationship between physical activity and health, studying physical activity as an exposure as well as an outcome. As an exposure, the journal publishes articles examining how physical activity influences all aspects of health. As an outcome, the journal invites papers that examine the behavioral, community, and environmental interventions that may affect physical activity on an individual and/or population basis. The JPAH is an interdisciplinary journal published for researchers in fields of chronic disease (e.g., cancer, heart disease, mental health, weight control, neurologic deficits, etc.) where physical activity may play a role in prevention, treatment, or rehabilitation.

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  • 5-year impact
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  • Website
    Journal of Physical Activity and Health website
  • Other titles
    Journal of physical activity & health, Journal of physical activity and health, JPAH
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  • Material type
    Periodical, Internet resource
  • Document type
    Journal / Magazine / Newspaper, Internet Resource

Publications in this journal

  • Journal of physical activity & health 01/2015;
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The Transtheoretical Model (TTM) has been widely used to understand individuals’ physical activity (PA) correlates and behavior. However, the theory’s application among children in exergaming remains unknown. PURPOSE: Investigate the effects of an exergaming program on children’s TTM-based PA correlates and PA levels. METHODS: At pre-test and post-test, 212 upper elementary children (Mage = 11.17 years) from the greater Mountain West Region were administered measures regarding stages of change (SOC) for PA behavior, decisional balance for PA behaviors, PA self-efficacy, and self-reported PA levels. Following the pretest, a weekly 30-minute, 18-week Dance Dance Revolution (DDR) was implemented. Children were classified into three SOC groups: progressive children (i.e., progressed to a higher SOC stage); stable children (i.e., remained at the same SOC stage); and regressive children (i.e., regressed to a lower SOC stage). RESULTS: Progressive children had greater increased PA levels than regressive children (p<.01) from pre-test to post-test. Similarly, progressive children had greater increased self-efficacy (p<.05) and decision balance (p<.05) than regressive children. CONCLUSIONS: The findings indicate that progressive children had more improvements on self-efficacy, decisional balance, and PA levels than regressive children over time. Implications of findings are discussed.
    Journal of physical activity & health 10/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The accuracy of physical activity (PA) monitors to discriminate between PA, sedentary behavior, and non-wear in extremely obese (EO) adolescents is unknown.
    Journal of physical activity & health 09/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: We tested the hypothesis that an active video game following a high-fat meal would partially prevent the unfavorable effect of a high-fat meal on vascular function in overweight adolescents.
    Journal of physical activity & health 08/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract BACKGROUND: Moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) improves aerobic fitness in children, which is usually assessed by maximal oxygen consumption. However, other indices of aerobic fitness have been understudied. OBJECTIVE: To compare net oxygen (VO2net), net energy consumption (Enet), net mechanical efficiency (MEnet) and lipid oxidation rate in active and inactive children across body weight statuses. DESIGN: The sample included normal-weight, overweight and obese children which 44 are active (≥30 minutes of MVPA per day) and 41 are inactive (<30 minutes of MVPA per day). VO2net, Enet, MEnet and lipid oxidation rate were determined during an incremental maximal cycling test. RESULTS: Active obese had significantly lower values of VO2net and Enet and higher MEnet than inactive obese at all load stages. In addition, active obese showed a significantly higher lipid oxidation rate compared to inactive obese and to active overweight and normal-weight. VO2net, Enet and MEnet were similar across active children, regardless of body weight status. CONCLUSION: Thirty minutes or more of MVPA per day are associated to a potentiation of aerobic fitness indicators in obese prepubertal children. Moreover, the indices of aerobic fitness of inactive obese children are significantly different from those of active obese and non-obese ones.
    Journal of physical activity & health 08/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Gardens are a promising intervention to promote physical activity and foster health. However, because of the unique characteristics of gardening, no extant tool can capture physical activity (PA), postures, and motions that take place in a garden.
    Journal of physical activity & health 06/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The importance of physical activity is well known1. However, previous research suggests that breast movement during exercise can be painful, embarrassing and anecdotally deter exercise participation2,3. Therefore, this research investigates whether the breast influences physical activity participation.
    Journal of physical activity & health 06/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: To address increasing prevalence of obesity and associated chronic disease, recent national initiatives have called upon federal agencies to promote healthy lifestyles and provide opportunities for physical activity. In response, the U.S. National Park Service has developed strategies promoting health through physical activity in addition to its well-established biodiversity and landscape conservation mission. Incorporating physical activity measures with routine environmental monitoring would help identify areas where parks can promote active pursuits with minimal environmental impact. This study provides one example of how protocols developed for visitor and environmental monitoring can generate data to evaluate physical activity. Researchers implemented an observational study in high-use meadows of Yosemite National Park during the summer of 2011. Variables collected include the spatial location of visitors and activity type. Metabolic equivalents (METs) were assigned to activity categories and analyzed for average energy expenditure. Mean METs values indicated sedentary to light physical activity across the meadows, with greater means in areas with boardwalks or paved pathways. Data leveraged in this study provide park managers an example of adapting existing monitoring programs to incorporate indicators relevant to physical activity evaluation and how physical activity may impact resource conditions in national parks.
    Journal of physical activity & health 06/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The Active Healthy Kids Scotland Report Card aims to consolidate existing evidence, facilitate international comparisons, encourage more evidence-informed physical activity and health policy, and improve surveillance of physical activity. Application of the Active Healthy Kids Canada Report Card process and methodology to Scotland, adapted to Scottish circumstances and availability of data. The Active Healthy Kids Scotland Report Card 2013 consists of indicators of 7 Health Behaviors and Outcomes and 3 Influences on Health Behaviors and Outcomes. Grades of F were assigned to Overall Physical Activity, Sedentary Behavior (recreational screen time), and Obesity Prevalence. A C was assigned to Active Transportation and a D- was assigned to Diet. Two indicators, Active and Outdoor Play and Organized Sport Participation, could not be graded. Among the Influences, Family Influence received a D, while Perceived Safety, Access, and Availability of Spaces for Physical Activity and the National Policy Environment graded more favorably with a B. The Active Healthy Kids Canada process and methodology was readily generalizable to Scotland. The report card illustrated low habitual physical activity and extremely high levels of screen-based sedentary behavior, and highlighted several opportunities for improved physical activity surveillance and promotion strategies.
    Journal of physical activity & health 05/2014; 11(4 Suppl 1):S93-7.
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    ABSTRACT: This study aimed to determine the optimal number of steps per day needed to meet the current physical activity guidelines in a large population sample of Japanese adults. An accelerometer-based activity monitor (Kenz Lifecorder) was used to simultaneously measure moderate-to vigorous-intensity physical activity (MVPA) and step counts in 940 Japanese adults (480 women) aged 20-69 y. The step count per day equivalents to two different physical activity recommendations (23 MET-h/wk and 150 min/wk of MVPA) were derived using linear regression analysis and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) methodology. Linear regression analysis showed that daily step counts correlated with weekly PAEE(r = 0.83) and daily minutes of MVPA (r = 0.83). Linear regression analysis also showed that 23MET-h/wk of MVPA is equivalent to 11,160steps/d, and 150 min/wk of MVPA is equivalent to 7,716 steps/d. ROC analysis yielded similar findings: 10,225 steps/dare required to accumulate≥23 MET-h/wk of MVPA and 7,857 steps/d are needed to meet the recommendation of ≥150 min/wk of MVPA. The findings suggest that 10,000-11,000and 7,700-8,000steps/d represent the optimal thresholds for accumulating ≥ 23 MET-h/wk of MVPA and ≥ 150 min/wk of MVPA, respectively, for Japanese adults.
    Journal of physical activity & health 12/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: Previous research has reported peak vertical acceleration and peak loading rate thresholds beneficial to bone mineral density (BMD). Such thresholds are difficult to translate into meaningful recommendations for physical activity. Cadence (steps/min) is a more readily interpretable measure of ambulatory activity. To examine relationships between cadence, peak vertical acceleration and peak loading rate during ambulation and identify the cadence associated with previously reported bone-beneficial thresholds for peak vertical acceleration (4.9 g) and peak loading rate (43 BW/s). Ten participants completed eight trials each of: slow walking, brisk walking, slow running, and fast running. Acceleration data were captured using a GT3X+ accelerometer worn at the hip. Peak loading rate was collected via a force plate. Strong relationships were identified between cadence and peak vertical acceleration (r=0.96, p<0.05) and peak loading rate (r=0.98, p<0.05). Regression analyses indicated cadences of 157±12 steps/min (2.6±0.2 steps/s) and 122±10 steps/min (2.0±0.2 steps/s) corresponded with the 4.9 g peak vertical acceleration and 43 BW/s peak loading rate thresholds, respectively. Cadences ≥2.0-2.6 steps/s equate to acceleration and loading rate thresholds related to bone health. Further research is needed to investigate whether the frequency of daily occurrences of this cadence is associated with BMD.
    Journal of physical activity & health 10/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The relationship between clinically-assessed and free-living walking is unclear. Cadence (steps/min) can be measured accurately under both conditions using modern technologies, thus providing a common measurement metric. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to compare clinical and free-living cadence in older adults. METHODS: 15 community-dwelling older adults (7 men, 8 women; 61-81 years) completed GAITRite-determined normal and dual-task walks and wore objective monitors for one week. Descriptive data included gait speed (cm/sec), steps/day, as well as cadence. Nonparametric tests evaluated differences between normal and dual-task walks and between accelerometer- and pedometer-determined steps/day. Free-living time detected above clinically-determined cadence was calculated. RESULTS: Participants crossed the GAITRite at 125.56 ± 15.51 cm/sec (men) and 107.93 ± 9.41 steps/min (women) during their normal walk and at 112.59 ± 17.90 cm/sec and 103.10 ± 1.30 steps/min during their dual-task walk (differences between walks p<.05). Overall, they averaged 7159 ± 2480 (accelerometer) and 7813 ± 2919 steps/day (pedometer; difference NS). On average, <10 min/day was spent above clinically-determined cadences. CONCLUSIONS: High-functioning, community-dwelling older adults are capable of walking at relatively high cadences (i.e., > 100 steps/min). However, the same behavior appears to be uncommon in daily life, even for a minute.
    Journal of physical activity & health 12/2012;