Journal of physical activity & health (J Phys Activ Health)

Publisher: Human Kinetics

Journal description

The Journal of Physical Activity and Health (JPAH) publishes original research and review papers examining the relationship between physical activity and health, studying physical activity as an exposure as well as an outcome. As an exposure, the journal publishes articles examining how physical activity influences all aspects of health. As an outcome, the journal invites papers that examine the behavioral, community, and environmental interventions that may affect physical activity on an individual and/or population basis. The JPAH is an interdisciplinary journal published for researchers in fields of chronic disease (e.g., cancer, heart disease, mental health, weight control, neurologic deficits, etc.) where physical activity may play a role in prevention, treatment, or rehabilitation.

Current impact factor: 1.95

Impact Factor Rankings

Additional details

5-year impact 0.00
Cited half-life 3.30
Immediacy index 0.44
Eigenfactor 0.01
Article influence 0.00
Website Journal of Physical Activity and Health website
Other titles Journal of physical activity & health, Journal of physical activity and health, JPAH
ISSN 1543-3080
OCLC 51531702
Material type Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Journal / Magazine / Newspaper, Internet Resource

Publisher details

Human Kinetics

  • Pre-print
    • Archiving status unclear
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Author's post-print only (in PDF or other image capture format)
    • On the author's personal website(s) or institutional repository
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Publisher copyright and source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Set statement to accompany deposit "as accepted for publication"
    • Publisher last contacted on 05/12/2013
  • Classification
    ​ blue

Publications in this journal

  • Journal of physical activity & health 04/2015; 12(4):588-594. DOI:10.1123/jpah.2013-0236
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    ABSTRACT: African-Americans lose less weight during a behavioral intervention compared with Whites, which may be from differences in dietary intake or physical activity. Subjects (30% African-American, 70% White; n=346; 42.4±9.0 yrs.; BMI=33.0±3.7 kg/m2) in an 18-month weight loss intervention were randomized to a standard behavioral (SBWI) or a stepped-care (STEP) intervention. Weight, dietary intake, self-report and objective physical activity, and fitness were assessed at 0, 6, 12, and 18 months. Weight loss at 18 months was greater in Whites (-8.74 kg with 95% CI [-10.10, -7.35]) compared with African-Americans (-5.62 kg with 95% CI[ -7.86 ,-3.37]) (p=0.03) in the SBWI group and the STEP group(White:-7.48 kg with 95% CI[-8.80, -6.17] vs. African-American:-4.41kg with 95% CI[-6.41,-2.42]) (p=0.01). Patterns of change in dietary intake were not different between groups. Objective physical activity changed over time (p<.0001) and was higher in Whites when compared to African-Americans (p=0.01). Whites lost more weight (3.10 kg) than African-American adults. Although there were no differences in dietary intake, Whites had higher levels of objective PA and fitness. Thus, the discrepancy in weight loss may be due to differences in PA rather than dietary intake. However, the precise role of these factors warrants further investigation.
    Journal of physical activity & health 03/2015; DOI:10.1123/jpah.2014-0243
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    ABSTRACT: Several obesity related factors are reported to exacerbate premature arterial stiffening, including inactivity and metabolic disarray. The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between physical activity, arterial stiffness and adiposity using objective methods. To further explore the role of adiposity in this complex process, obesity associated anthropometric and humoral biomarkers were measured. Seventy-nine healthy, lifelong non-smoking, subjects were recruited. Habitual physical activity was measured using accelerometry. Arterial stiffness (augmentation index; AIx & pulse wave velocity; PWV), was measured using tonometry. Body composition was estimated using bioimpedence. Adipose associated biomarkers, leptin and adiponectin, were also measured. Sedentary time was significantly associated with AIx (r=0.38, P<0.001), PWV (r=0.33, P<0.01), body fat composition (r=0.40, P<0.001) and age (r=0.30, P<0.01). Moderate + vigorous activity was inversely correlated with AIx (r= -0.28, P<0.05) body fat composition (r=-0.30, P<0.01), postprandial insulin (r=-0.35, P<0.01) and leptin/adiponectin ratio (r=-0.28, P<0.05). Moderate + Vigorous activity, body fat composition and post prandial insulin remained independent predictors of AIx but not PWV. The more time healthy individuals spend being sedentary, the greater their body fat and arterial stiffness. Conversely higher activity levels are associated with reduced body fat and less arterial stiffness.
    Journal of physical activity & health 03/2015; DOI:10.1123/jpah.2014-0395
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    ABSTRACT: Measuring the way people vary across time in meeting recommended levels of physical activity is a pre-requisite to quantifying exposure in outcome studies or identifying determinants of sufficient physical activity. The study determined whether distinct patterns of change in sufficient physical activity could be identified in a population. A cohort (N=497) from a random, multi-ethnic sample of adults living in Hawaii was assessed every 6 months for 2 years beginning spring 2004. Latent transition analysis classified people as sufficiently or insufficiently active each time. In the total cohort, odds that people would move from insufficient to sufficient activity (45%-59%) at each 6-month transition were higher than odds they would move from sufficient to insufficient activity (8%-13%). However, those odds, as well as types and amounts of physical activity, differed widely among and within 3 of 4 transition classes that represented 21% of the cohort. Point-prevalence of sufficient physical activity in the total cohort was similar to contemporary U.S. estimates. However, physical activity varied between and within sub-groups of the cohort. Further research is needed using self-report and objective measures to determine patterns of change in sufficient physical activity in other representative cohorts.
    Journal of physical activity & health 03/2015; DOI:10.1123/jpah.2014-0373
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    ABSTRACT: We have a limited understanding of the physical activity (PA) and sedentary levels among individuals at risk and not at risk for developing Alzheimer's disease (AD), which was the purpose of this study. Data from the 2003-2004 NHANES were used. 3,015 participants were evaluated, with 416 indicated a family history of AD. Physical activity and sedentary behavior were assessed via accelerometry with individuals at risk for AD self-reporting a family history of AD. For the entire sample, those at risk for AD engaged in more sedentary behavior than those not at risk (494.9 vs. 477.9 min/day, p=0.03, respectively). Similarly, those at risk for AD engaged in less non-bout MVPA than those not at risk (22.4 vs. 24.3 min/day, p=0.05, respectively). Results were also significant for various subgroups at risk for AD. Despite the beneficial effects of PA in preventing AD and prolonging the survival of AD, adults at risk for AD tend to engage in more sedentary behavior and less PA than those not at risk for AD. This finding even persisted among minorities (Hispanics and non-Hispanic blacks) who are already at an increased risk of developing AD.
    Journal of physical activity & health 02/2015; DOI:10.1123/jpah.2014-0554
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    ABSTRACT: It is unknown if activity monitors can detect the increased energy expenditure (EE) of wheelchair propulsion at different speeds or on different surfaces. Individuals who used manual wheelchairs (n=14) performed five wheeling activities: on a level surface at three speeds, on a rubberized track at one fixed speed and on a sidewalk course at a self-selected speed. EE was measured using a portable indirect calorimetry system and estimated by an Actical (AC) worn on the wrist and a SenseWear (SW) activity monitor worn on the upper arm. Repeated measures ANOVA was used to compare measured EE to the estimates from the standard AC prediction equation and SW using two different equations. Repeated measures ANOVA demonstrated a significant main effect between measured EE and estimated EE. There were no differences between the criterion method and the AC across the five activities. The SW overestimated EE when wheeling at three speeds on a level surface, and during sidewalk wheeling. The wheelchair-specific SW equation improved the EE prediction during low intensity activities, but error progressively increased during higher intensity activities. During manual wheelchair propulsion, the wrist-mounted AC provided valid estimates of EE, whereas the SW tended to overestimate EE.
    Journal of physical activity & health 01/2015; DOI:10.1123/jpah.2014-0376
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    ABSTRACT: Sex, age, body mass index (BMI), perceived health and health behavior are correlates known to affect physical activity and sedentary time. However, studies have often been cross-sectional, and less is known about long-term correlates. Thus, the aims were to investigate 1) the associations between a set of characteristics (demographic, biological, psychological and behavioral) and objectively measured physical activity and sedentary time at 13 year follow-up, and 2) the association between changes in these characteristics over time and physical activity and sedentary time. Baseline characteristics were collected in 40-year-olds in 1996, and follow-up data on objectively measured physical activity and sedentary time were obtained in 2009 (n=240). Data were analyzed by multiple linear regressions. Self-reported physical activity (p<0.001) and improved perceived health (p=0.046) were positively associated with moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) whereas BMI (p=0.034) and increased BMI (p=0.014) were negatively associated with MVPA at follow-up. Women spent less time being sedentary than men (p=0.019). Education (p<0.001) was positively associated and improved perceived health (p=0.010) was negatively associated with sedentary time at follow-up. MVPA and sedentary time at follow-up were associated with behavioral, biological and demographic correlates. However, the nature of our analyses prevents us from inferring causality.
    Journal of physical activity & health 01/2015; DOI:10.1123/jpah.2014-0390
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    ABSTRACT: Tracking refers to the tendency for an individual to maintain their rank within a group over time. This study longitudinally investigated the eight-year tracking of pedometer-determined physical activity among physically independent elderly Japanese people aged 72 to 80 years. Steps/day were measured when participants were aged 72 and assessed again after two, five and eight years. The number of participants with a two year follow-up (72 to 74 years) was 177 (101 males, 76 females), with a five year follow-up (72 to 77 years) was 183 people (110 males, 73 females) and with an eight-year follow-up (72 to 80 years) was 145 people (91 males, 54 females). Step counts were continuously measured for one week in January, April, July and October during each year of assessment. A high rank correlation coefficient for steps/day exceeding 0.6 was obtained at the two, five and eight-year follow-up examinations for both males and females. This study suggests that the rank within a group of pedometer-determined steps/day remains stable over up to 8-years in healthy Japanese people aged between 72 to 80 years old.
    Journal of physical activity & health 01/2015; DOI:10.1123/jpah.2014-0450
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    ABSTRACT: Urban Aboriginal youth are a rapidly growing segment of the Canadian population that unfortunately bears a disproportionate level of illness. One way to improve the health of urban Aboriginal youth is to increase their physical activity. It is important to understand what this group's beliefs and behaviors are on physical activity so that programs that meet their needs can be developed. This ethnographic study engaged 15 urban Aboriginal youth to understand what their physical activity beliefs and behaviors were. Results revealed four themes: "group physical activity preference", "focus on the family", "traditional physical activity", and "location of residence as a barrier". These themes illustrated that urban Aboriginal youth have a preference for group physical activity and enjoy traditional Aboriginal forms of activity. Results also showed that the family plays a critical role in their physical activity patterns. Lastly, participants in this study believed that their location of residence was a barrier to physical activity. Community leaders need to be sensitive to the barriers that this cultural group faces and build on the strengths that are present among this group when developing physical activity programming.
    Journal of physical activity & health 01/2015; DOI:10.1123/jpah.2014-0533
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    ABSTRACT: Little is known about factors that modify the effectiveness of exercise interventions in increasing exercise. We aimed to identify moderators of the effectiveness of aerobic exercise intervention in maintaining increased aerobic exercise among older individuals. The participants of a 4-year randomized controlled trial were a population sample of 1410 men and women aged 57-78 years. The aerobic exercise group included 185 individuals and the control group included 169 individuals who reported low aerobic exercise at baseline. Maintained increase in aerobic exercise was defined as at least 60-minute increase in moderate-to-heavy aerobic exercise per week from baseline to 2- and 4-year assessments. Individuals in the aerobic exercise group were 2.5 (95% CI 1.5-3.9) times more likely to maintain increased aerobic exercise than those in the control group. Individuals aged <68.5 years but not older individuals succeeded in maintaining increased aerobic exercise in the intervention group (p=0.02 for interaction). Individuals who were past smokers (p=0.02 for interaction), were working (p=0.05 for interaction) or had symptoms of depression (p=0.05 for interaction) succeeded better in maintaining increased aerobic exercise in the intervention group than other individuals. These findings help in more precise targeting of future exercise interventions among older individuals.
    Journal of physical activity & health 01/2015; DOI:10.1123/jpah.2014-0299
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    ABSTRACT: To compare moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity (MVPA) assessed via questionnaires to an objective measure of MVPA in overweight or obese young adults. MVPA was assessed in 448 [median BMI = 31.2 (Interquartile Range: 28.5-34.3) kg/m2] young adults [median age: 30.9 (Interquartile Range: 27.8-33.7) years]. Measure included the SenseWear Armband (MVPAOBJ), the Paffenbarger Questionnaire (MVPAPAFF), and the Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ). The GPAQ was used to compute total MVPA (MVPAGPAQ-TOTAL) and MVPA from transportation and recreation (MVPAGPAQ-REC). The association between MVPAOBJ and MVPAPAFF was rs=0.40 (p<0.0001). Associations between MVPAOBJ and MVPAGPAQ-TOTAL and MVPAGPAQ-REC were rs=0.19 and rs=0.32, respectively (p<0.0001). MVPAGPAQ-TOTAL was significantly greater than MVPAOBJ (p<0.0001). Median differences in MET-min/week between MVPAOBJ and MVPAPAFF or MVPAGPAQ-REC were not significantly different from zero. There was proportional bias between each self-reported measure of MVPA and MVPAOBJ. There were significant associations between all measures of MVPA and fitness. MVPAOBJ was significantly associated with BMI and percent body fat. Objective and self-reported measures of MVPA are weakly to moderately correlated, with substantial differences between measures. MVPAOBJ provided predictive validity with fitness, BMI, and percent body fat. Thus, an objective measure of MVPA may be preferred to self-report in young adults.
    Journal of physical activity & health 01/2015; DOI:10.1123/jpah.2014-0277