Clinical Proteomics (Clin Proteonomics)

Publisher: Humana Press, BioMed Central

Journal description

The field of molecular medicine is moving beyond genomics to proteomics, the goal being the characterization of the cellular circuitry and the understanding of the impact of disease and therapy on cellular networks. Clinical proteomics is the application of proteomic technologies and informatic tools to clinical material. The translational nature of this technology provides unique challenges and unbounded opportunities that promise to transform the way disease is detected, treated, and managed.

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Website Clinical Proteomics website
Other titles Clinical proteomics (Online), Clinical proteomics
ISSN 1542-6416
OCLC 58224814
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

BioMed Central

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    • Publisher's version/PDF may be used
    • Eligible UK authors may deposit in OpenDepot
    • Creative Commons Attribution License
    • Copy of License must accompany any deposit.
    • All titles are open access journals
    • 'BioMed Central' is an imprint of 'Springer Verlag (Germany)'
  • Classification

Publications in this journal

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    ABSTRACT: In this study, we investigated the use of metabolic oligosaccharide engineering and bio-orthogonal ligation reactions combined with lectin microarray and mass spectrometry to analyze sialoglycoproteins in the SW1990 human pancreatic cancer line. Specifically, cells were treated with the azido N-acetylmannosamine analog, 1,3,4-Bu3ManNAz, to label sialoglycoproteins with azide-modified sialic acids. The metabolically labeled sialoglyproteins were then biotinylated via the Staudinger ligation, and sialoglycopeptides containing azido-sialic acid glycans were immobilized to a solid support. The peptides linked to metabolically labeled sialylated glycans were then released from sialoglycopeptides and analyzed by mass spectrometry; in parallel, the glycans from azido-sialoglycoproteins were characterized by lectin microarrays. This method identified 75 unique N-glycosite-containing peptides from 55 different metabolically labeled sialoglycoproteins of which 42 were previously linked to cancer in the literature. A comparison of two of these glycoproteins, LAMP1 and ORP150, in histological tumor samples showed overexpression of these proteins in the cancerous tissue demonstrating that our approach constitutes a viable strategy to identify and discover sialoglycoproteins associated with cancer, which can serve as biomarkers for cancer diagnosis or targets for therapy. Electronic supplementary material The online version of this article (doi:10.1186/s12014-015-9083-8) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
    Clinical Proteomics 12/2015; 12(1). DOI:10.1186/s12014-015-9083-8
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    ABSTRACT: Follicular fluid is a unique biological fluid in which the critical events of oocyte and follicular maturation and somatic cell-germ cell communication occur. Because of the intimate proximity of follicular fluid to the maturing oocyte, this fluid provides a unique window into the processes occurring during follicular maturation. A thorough identification of the specific components within follicular fluid may provide a better understanding of intrafollicular signaling, as well as reveal potential biomarkers of oocyte health for women undergoing assisted reproductive treatment. In this study, we used high and low pH HPLC peptide separations followed by mass spectrometry to perform a comprehensive proteomic analysis of human follicular fluid from healthy ovum donors. Next, using samples from a second set of patients, an isobaric mass tagging strategy for quantitative analysis was used to identify proteins with altered abundances after hCG treatment. A total of 742 follicular fluid proteins were identified in healthy ovum donors, including 413 that have not been previously reported. The proteins belong to diverse functional groups including insulin growth factor and insulin growth factor binding protein families, growth factor and related proteins, receptor signaling, defense/immunity, anti-apoptotic proteins, matrix metalloprotease related proteins, and complement activity. In a quantitative analysis, follicular fluid samples from age-matched women undergoing in vitro fertilization oocyte retrieval were compared and 17 follicular fluid proteins were found at significantly altered levels (p < 0.05) between pre-hCG and post-hCG samples. These proteins belong to a variety of functional processes, including protease inhibition, inflammation, and cell adhesion. This database of FF proteins significantly extends the known protein components present during the peri-ovulatory period and provides a useful basis for future studies comparing follicular fluid proteomes in various fertility, disease, and environmental exposure conditions. We identified 17 differentially expressed proteins after hCG treatment and together these data showed the feasibility for defining biomarkers that illuminate how the ovarian follicle microenvironment is altered in various infertility-related conditions.
    Clinical Proteomics 12/2015; 12(1):5. DOI:10.1186/s12014-015-9077-6
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    ABSTRACT: Background Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is the sixth leading cause of death and the most costly disease in the US. Despite the enormous impact of AD, there are no treatments that delay onset or stop disease progression currently on the market. This is partly due to the complexity of the disease and the largely unknown pathogenesis of sporadic AD, which accounts for the vast majority of cases. Epigenetics has been implicated as a critical component to AD pathology and a potential “hot spot” for treatments. Histone post-translational modifications (PTMs) are a key element in epigenetic regulation of gene expression and are known to be associated with the pathology of numerous diseases. Investigation of histone PTMs can help elucidate AD pathology and identify targets for therapies. Results A multiple reaction monitoring mass spectrometry assay was used to measure changes in abundance of several histone PTMs in frontal cortex from human donors affected with AD (n = 6) and age-matched, normal donors (n = 6). Of the changes observed, notable decreases in methylation of H2B residue K108 by 25 % and H4 residue R55 by 35 % were measured and are likely associated with hydrogen bonding networks important for nucleosome stability. Additionally, a 91 % increase in ubiquitination of K120 on H2B was measured as well as an apparent loss in acetylation of the region near the N-terminus of H4. Our method of quantification was also determined to be precise and robust, signifying measured changes were representative of true biological differences between donors and sample groups. Conclusion We are the first to report changes in methylation of H2B K108, methylation of H4 R55, and ubiquitination of H2B K120 in frontal cortex from human donors with AD. These notable PTM changes may be of great importance in elucidating the epigenetic mechanism of AD as it relates to disease pathology. Beyond the structural and functional impacts of the changes we have measured, the sites of altered PTMs may be used to identify enzymes responsible for their modulation, which could be used as prospective drug targets for highly specific AD therapies.
    Clinical Proteomics 10/2015; 12(26). DOI:10.1186/s12014-015-9098-1
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    ABSTRACT: Chromatin is an extraordinarily complex structure. Much of this complexity results from the presence of numerous histone post-translational modifications and histone variants. Alterations in the patterns of histone post-translational modifications are emerging as a feature of many types of cancer and have been shown to have prognostic value. We have applied a liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry-based approach to comprehensively characterize the histone proteome in primary samples from chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) patients, as well as bladder and breast cancer cell culture models. When compared to non-malignant CD19+ B cells from healthy donors, the CLL histone proteome showed a distinct signature of differentially expressed species, spanning all the histones studied and including both post-translationally modified species and unmodified, non-allelic replication-dependent histone isoforms. However, the large changes in histone H3 and H4 that are characteristic of many cancer types were not observed. One of species of H2A (mass = 14,063 Da) was the most strongly associated with time to treatment in CLL patients. CLL patient samples also demonstrated histone profiles that were distinct from those of the bladder and breast cancer cells. Signatures of histone profiles are complex and can distinguish between healthy individuals and CLL patients and may provide prognostic markers. In addition, histone profiles may define tissue specific malignancies.
    Clinical Proteomics 08/2015; 12(1):22. DOI:10.1186/s12014-015-9095-4
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    ABSTRACT: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a systemic autoimmune disease characterized by chronic inflammation of the synovial joints. Early intervention followed by early diagnosis can result in disease remission; however, both early stage diagnosis and provision of effective treatment have been impeded by the heterogeneity of RA, which details of pathological mechanism are unclear. Regardless of numerous investigations of RA by means of genomic and proteomic approaches, proteins interplaying in RA synovial tissues that contain various types of synoviocytes, are not yet sufficiently understood. Hence we have conducted an HPLC/mass spectrometry-based exploratory proteomic analysis focusing on synoviocyte lesions laser-microdissected (LMD) from formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) synovial tissues (RA, n = 15; OA, n = 5), where those of Osteoarthritis (OA) were used as the control. A total of 508 proteins were identified from the RA and OA groups. With the semi-quantitative comparisons, the spectral index (SpI), log2 protein ratio (R SC ) based on spectral counting, and statistical G-test, 98 proteins were found to be significant (pair-wise p < 0.05) to the RA synovial tissues. These include stromelysin-1 (MMP3), proteins S100-A8 and S100-A9, plastin-2, galectin-3, calreticulin, cathepsin Z, HLA-A, HLA-DRB1, ferritin, neutrophil defensin 1, CD14, MMP9 etc. Our results confirmed the involvement of known RA biomarkers such as stromelysin-1 (MMP3) and proteins S100-A8 and S100-A9, and also that of leukocyte antigens such as HLA-DRB1. Network analyses of protein-protein interaction for those proteins significant to RA revealed a dominant participation of ribosome pathway (p = 5.91 × 10(-45)), and, interestingly, the associations of the p53 signaling (p = 2.34 × 10(-5)). An involvement of proteins including CD14, S100-A8/S100-A9 seems to suggest an activation of the NF-kB/MAPK signaling pathway. Our strategy of laser-microdissected FFPE-tissue proteomic analysis in Rheumatoid Arthritis thus demonstrated its technical feasibility in profiling proteins expressed in synovial tissues, which may play important roles in the RA pathogenesis.
    Clinical Proteomics 08/2015; 12(1):20. DOI:10.1186/s12014-015-9091-8
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    ABSTRACT: Carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) is a protein commonly found in human serum, with elevated CEA levels being linked to the progression of a wide range of tumors. It is currently used as a biomarker for malign tumors such as lung cancer and colorectal cancer [Urol Oncol: Semin Orig Invest 352: 644-648, 2013 and Lung Cancer 80: 45-49, 2013]. However, due to its low specificity in clinical applications, CEA can be used for monitoring only, rather than tumor diagnosis. The function of many glycoproteins is critically dependent on their glycosylation pattern, which in turn has the potential to serve in tumor detection. However, little is known about the detailed glycan patterns of CEA. To determine these patterns, we isolated and purified CEA proteins from human tumor tissues using immunoaffinity chromatography. The glycan patterns of CEA were then analyzed using a Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization-Time of Flight-Mass Spectrometry(3) (MALDI-TOF-MS(3)) approach. We identified 61 glycoforms in tumor tissue, where CEA is upregulated. These glycosylation entities were identified as bi-antennary, tri-antennary and tetra-antennary structures carrying sialic acid and fucose residues, and include a multitude of glycans previously not reported for CEA. Our findings should facilitate a more precise tumor prediction than currently possible, ultimately resulting in improved tumor diagnosis and treatment.
    Clinical Proteomics 06/2015; 12(1):17. DOI:10.1186/s12014-015-9088-3