American journal of clinical oncology Impact Factor & Information

Publisher: American Radium Society, Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins

Journal description

Current impact factor: 2.61

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2015
2013 / 2014 Impact Factor 2.611
2012 Impact Factor 2.552
2011 Impact Factor 2.005
2010 Impact Factor 1.768
2009 Impact Factor 2.206
2008 Impact Factor 1.792
2007 Impact Factor 1.551
2006 Impact Factor 1.224
2005 Impact Factor 1.615
2004 Impact Factor 1.703
2003 Impact Factor 1.369
2002 Impact Factor 1.136
2001 Impact Factor 0.929
2000 Impact Factor 0.952
1999 Impact Factor 0.956
1998 Impact Factor 0.867
1997 Impact Factor 0.769
1996 Impact Factor 0.921
1995 Impact Factor 0.754
1994 Impact Factor 0.737
1993 Impact Factor 0.925
1992 Impact Factor 0.689

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 1.81
Cited half-life 7.60
Immediacy index 0.17
Eigenfactor 0.01
Article influence 0.54
Other titles American journal of clinical oncology (Online), American journal of clinical oncology, Am j clin oncol
ISSN 1537-453X
OCLC 47641066
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author cannot archive a post-print version
  • Restrictions
    • 12 months embargo
  • Conditions
    • Some journals have separate policies, please check with each journal directly
    • Pre-print must be removed upon acceptance for publication
    • Post-print may be deposited in personal website or institutional repository
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Must include statement that it is not the final published version
    • Published source must be acknowledged with full citation
    • Set statement to accompany deposit
    • Must link to publisher version
    • NIH authors will have their accepted manuscripts transmitted to PubMed Central on their behalf after a 12 months embargo (see policy for details)
    • Wellcome Trust and HHMI authors will have their accepted manuscripts transmitted to PubMed Central on their behalf after a 6 months embargo (see policy for details)
    • Publisher last reviewed on 19/03/2015
  • Classification
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Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To assess whether sparing neck-level IB in target delineation of node-positive (N+) oropharyngeal carcinoma (OPC) can improve xerostomia outcomes without compromising locoregional control (LRC). A total of 125 N+ OPC patients with a median age of 57 years underwent chemoradiation between May 2010 and December 2011. A total of 74% of patients had T1-T2 disease, 26% T3-T4, 16% N1, 8% N2A, 48% N2B, 28% N2C; 53% base of tongue, 41% tonsil, and 6% other. Patients were divided into those who had target delineation sparing of bilateral level IB (the spared cohort) versus no sparing (the treated cohort). Sparing of contralateral high-level II nodes was also performed more consistently in the spared cohort. A prospective xerostomia questionnaire (patient reported) was given at each patient follow-up visit to this cohort of patients to assess late xerostomia. Clinical assessment (observer rated) at each patient follow-up visit was also recorded. The 2-year LRC for the spared and treated cohorts was 97.5% and 93.8%, respectively (median follow-up, 23.2 mo). No locoregional failures occurred outside of treatment fields. The spared cohort experienced significant benefits in patient-reported xerostomia summary scores (P=0.021) and observer-rated xerostomia scores (P=0.006). In addition, there were significant reductions in mean doses to the ipsilateral submandibular gland (63.9 vs. 70.5 Gy; P<0.001), contralateral submandibular gland (45.0 vs. 56.2 Gy; P<0.001), oral cavity (35.9 vs. 45.2 Gy; P<0.001), and contralateral parotid gland (20.0 vs. 24.4 Gy; P<0.001). Target delineation sparing of bilateral level IB nodes in N+ OPC reduced mean doses to salivary organs without compromising LRC. Patients with reduced target volumes had better patient-reported xerostomia outcomes.
    American journal of clinical oncology 08/2015; 38(4):343-7. DOI:10.1097/COC.0000000000000064
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    ABSTRACT: Predictors of acute hematologic toxicities during definitive chemoradiation for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) are incompletely defined. We retrospectively analyzed 604 patients treated with definitive platinum-based doublet chemoradiation therapy for stage III NSCLC. The outcome of interest was grade ≥3 acute hematologic toxicities, specifically white blood cell, hemoglobin, platelet, neutrophil, and lymphocyte decrease during chemoradiation therapy. We assessed the association between any grade ≥3 acute hematologic toxicity with patient demographic, disease, radiation factors (specifically modality and dose), and chemotherapy agents via stepwise multivariate logistic regression. Survival was compared via log-rank and univariate Cox regression analyses. There was no significant association between radiation modality and any hematologic toxicity on multivariate analysis. However, use of etoposide was found to be significantly associated with white blood cell, platelet, and neutrophil decrease compared with paclitaxel and docetaxel (all P<0.05). No differences were found between platinum agents. Overall survival (OS) and event-free survival (EFS) were significantly worse in patients who experienced grade ≥3 hemoglobin (OS: hazard ratio [HR]=1.5; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.05-2.26; P=0.03, EFS: HR=1.7; 95% CI, 1.2-2.4; P=0.0032) and lymphocyte (OS: HR=1.5; 95% CI, 1.1-2.1; P=0.01, EFS: HR=1.4; 95% CI, 1.1-1.9; P=0.02) decreases. Chemotherapy identity, specifically the nonplatinum agent, was significantly associated with grade ≥3 hematologic toxicities, whereas radiation modality was not.
    American journal of clinical oncology 07/2015; DOI:10.1097/COC.0000000000000206
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    ABSTRACT: Salvage radiation therapy (SRT) is an effective treatment for recurrent prostate cancer (PCa) after radical prostatectomy. We report the long-term outcome of men who developed biochemical recurrence (BCR) after SRT and were treated >14 years ago. In total, 61 patients treated with SRT from 1992 to 2000 at our institution were identified. Survival was calculated by Kaplan-Meier method. Log-rank test and Cox regression were used to determine significance of clinical parameters. The median follow-up was 126 months (interquartile range, 66-167 mo). Thirty-four (56%) had prostate-specific antigen (PSA) failure after SRT. At 10 years, overall survival (OS) was 67%, freedom from PSA failure (FFPF) was 33%, prostate cancer-specific survival (PCSS) was 84%, and distant metastases-free survival (DMFS) was 84%. Pathologic T-stage, Gleason score, seminal vesicle involvement, and pre-SRT PSA were associated with FFPF. For patients who failed SRT, the median time to BCR after SRT was 30 mo. A total of 19 (68%) received androgen deprivation therapy. The median OS was 13.6 years. At 10 years from time of BCR, OS was 59%, PCSS was 73%, DMFS was 75%, and castration-resistant-free survival was 70%. Early SRT failure correlated with significantly decreased DMFS and PCSS. Ten-year DMFS from SRT was 43% (BCR≤1 y) versus 91% (BCR>1 y). Extended follow-up demonstrates that despite SRT failure, PCSS remains high in select patients. Early failure (≤1 y after SRT) predicted for significantly worse outcome and may represent a subgroup with more aggressive disease that may be considered for further prospective clinical studies.
    American journal of clinical oncology 07/2015; DOI:10.1097/COC.0000000000000207
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    ABSTRACT: FOLFIRINOX is a first-line treatment option for patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer (MPC) and is associated with improved survival yet significantly more toxicities than standard gemcitabine. Our aim was to determine the proportion of patients with MPC who would be eligible for FOLFIRINOX based upon the pivotal ACCORD study criteria. Patients with confirmed MPC at the time of referral to the BC Cancer Agency between 2004 and 2007 were identified from the Gastrointestinal Cancers Outcomes Unit Database (GICOU). Proportion of patients that met the ACCORD study eligibility criteria was determined by chart review. Criteria for FOLFIRINOX exclusion were assessed using descriptive statistics. A total of 100 consecutive patients with complete chart records and MPC were identified. Fifty-two (52%) were male and the median age was 68 years (range, 42 to 98 y). The most common sites of metastases were liver (63%) and peritoneum (22%). Only 26 patients fulfilled the ACCORD study eligibility criteria. The most common reasons for FOLIFIRINOX exclusion per ACCORD were poor Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group score of ≥2 (64%), age of 76 years or greater (22%), elevated bilirubin (22%), and inadequate renal function (6%). Despite the proven survival benefit of FOLFIRINOX, only approximately one quarter of patients in the real-world setting with MPC would have been considered eligible for such therapy based upon the ACCORD eligibility criteria. Careful patient selection and more tolerable therapies are required.
    American journal of clinical oncology 07/2015; DOI:10.1097/COC.0000000000000205
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    ABSTRACT: Definitive chemoradiotherapy for unresectable pancreatic cancer has traditionally involved 5-fluorouracil-based chemotherapy. Our institution has a long history of combining gemcitabine and radiotherapy (RT), and performed a retrospective review of all patients treated in this manner. We reviewed the records of 180 patients treated from 1999 to 2012. Mean RT dose was 40.9 Gy in 2.2-Gy fractions, and targeted only radiographically apparent disease. Ninety-six percent of patients received full-dose gemcitabine-based chemotherapy with RT. Kaplan-Meier was used to analyze time-to-event endpoints, and Cox regression models were used to assess significant prognostic variables. Eighty-nine percent of patients completed RT without a toxicity-related treatment break. Median follow-up was 10.2 months. Twenty-nine percent of patients had a radiographic decrease in primary tumor size following treatment. Median overall survival was 11.8 months, time to distant metastasis (TDM) was 6.7 months, and time to local recurrence (TLR) was 8.3 months. On multivariate analysis, male sex, lower performance status, and higher posttreatment CA 19-9 level predicted for worse overall survival. Posttreatment, CA 19-9 was also associated with TDM and TLR, and radiographic tumor response was associated with better TLR. Definitive chemoradiation using full-dose gemcitabine is well tolerated and achieves survival outcomes comparable to reported trials in the literature.
    American journal of clinical oncology 07/2015; DOI:10.1097/COC.0000000000000200
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    ABSTRACT: Patients with clinically localized prostate cancer but markedly elevated prostate-specific antigen (PSA) are often treated with systemic agents alone. We hypothesized that they would benefit from radiation therapy. We utilized the Survival, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) Database for patients diagnosed with nonmetastatic prostate cancer from 2004 to 2008. Patients treated surgically or with brachytherapy were excluded. Survival was analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier method and Cox proportional hazard models. Propensity score was used to adjust for the nonrandomized assignment of local therapies. A total of 75,539 nonmetastatic prostate cancer patients were identified who received either radiotherapy or no local treatment. Median age was 70 years. Median follow-up of alive subjects was 60 months, with an interquartile range of 47 to 77 months. Estimated 4-year overall survival of entire population was 88%. Significant prognostic variables for overall survival on multivariate analysis included age, grade, PSA level, T stage, and use of radiation therapy. Use of radiation therapy was the most powerful predictor of both cause-specific and overall survival (HR=0.41 and 0.46, respectively, P<0.001). The benefit conferred by local treatment was seen even in subjects with PSA≥75 ng/mL. Four-year cancer-specific survival was 93.8% in those receiving radiation treatments versus 76.5% in those who did not receive any local treatment. Survival was significantly improved by radiotherapy for localized prostate cancer. Extremely high PSA levels (≥25 ng/mL) should not be considered a contraindication to local treatment.
    American journal of clinical oncology 06/2015; DOI:10.1097/COC.0000000000000201
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    ABSTRACT: Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and c-MET are tyrosine kinase growth factor receptors implicated in gastric cancer (GC), and their pathways appear to be interdependent. The aim of this study was to investigate the prognostic value of EGFR and c-MET protein overexpression by immunohistochemistry in Canadian patients with resected GC and correlate it with clinicopathologic characteristics and overall survival (OS). Tissue microarray blocks were constructed from 120 resected GCs stained with EGFR and c-MET and scored semiquantitatively (0 to 3+). Each receptor's expression was compared with clinicopathologic characteristics and survival. Descriptive statistics, Kaplan-Meyer, and Cox regression were used for statistical analyses. Of the 113 interpretable cases, overexpression of EGFR and c-MET was noted in 17 (15%) and 65 (57%), respectively; coexpression of EGFR and c-MET was observed in 12 (10%) of GC. EGFR and c-MET overexpression correlated with poor OS: median 13 versus 30 months in EGFR positive versus negative GC (hazard ratio [HR]=1.67, P=0.11); 27 versus 49 months in c-MET positive versus negative GC (HR=1.17, P=0.49), respectively. GC coexpressing EGFR and c-MET was significantly correlated with poor survival: 12 versus 29 months in double-positive versus rest of tumors both in univariate (HR=2.62, P=0.003) and multivariate analyses (HR=2.58, P=0.01). This study describes the prevalence and prognostic value of EGFR and c-MET in a Canadian population of patients undergoing curative intent resection for GC. Both c-MET and EGFR overexpression trended toward poor OS, but only the group with EGFR+/c-MET+ GC reached statistical significance on multivariate analysis.
    American journal of clinical oncology 06/2015; DOI:10.1097/COC.0000000000000202
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    ABSTRACT: There is limited evidence to inform the management of patients with endometrial cancer who are not candidates for hysterectomy, and treatment alternatives have not been compared directly in randomized trials. We analyzed the prognostic factors and outcomes for patients with stage I or II endometrial adenocarcinoma in the National Cancer Institute's Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results public database. We identified a cohort of patients with stage I-II endometrial adenocarcinoma who were managed without hysterectomy and who were diagnosed during 1989 to 2010. Patients with prior primary tumors were excluded. Statistical analyses were performed to test associations between patient characteristics, radiotherapy modality, and overall and endometrial cancer-specific survival. Multivariable analyses were performed to evaluate the impact of radiation therapy (RT) type on survival outcomes after adjusting for other factors. Among the 997 women included in the analyses, 605 received no RT (60.7%), 207 (20.8%) received external-beam radiation therapy (EBRT) alone, and 185 (18.6%) received brachytherapy, either alone or in combination with EBRT. After adjusting for other tumor and demographic factors, RT type was not associated with overall or endometrial cancer-specific survival. Significant predictors of survival included: tumor stage and grade, age at diagnosis, and marital status. For patients in this population-based cohort with early-stage endometrial cancer managed without hysterectomy, the delivery of brachytherapy was not associated with improved survival, compared with EBRT alone. It seems worthwhile to pursue future clinical trials to evaluate definitive EBRT-alone strategies, omitting brachytherapy, for selected patients with medically inoperable endometrial cancer.
    American journal of clinical oncology 06/2015; DOI:10.1097/COC.0000000000000204
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    ABSTRACT: It is controversial whether concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CRT) with temozolomide is feasible and beneficial in elderly patients with glioblastoma. Retrospective analysis of 74 elderly glioblastoma patients (65 y and above) treated with concurrent CRT with temozolomide. Factors influencing prognosis and feasibility of CRT were investigated. The median overall survival was 11.3 months. Univariate analysis showed a significant difference in median overall survival for cumulative dose of concurrent temozolomide (optimal cutoff, 2655 mg/m; 13.9 mo for >2655 mg/m vs. 4.9 mo for ≤2655 mg/m; P=0.0216, adjusted for multiple testing). Furthermore, cumulative dose of concurrent temozolomide >2655 mg/m was a significant independent prognostic parameter in multivariate analysis (hazard ratio, 0.33; P=0.002). Hematotoxicity was the most common cause of treatment interruption or discontinuation in patients with an insufficient cumulative temozolomide dose. Prognostic factors for successful performance of CRT with a cumulative dose of concurrent temozolomide >2655 mg/m were female sex (odds ratio [OR], 0.174; P=0.006), age (OR, 0.826 per year; P=0.017), and pretreatment platelet count (OR, 1.013 per 1000 platelets/µL; P=0.001). For easy clinical application of the model an online calculator was developed, which is available at The probability of successful performance of concurrent CRT with temozolomide can be estimated based on the patient's age, sex, and pretreatment platelet count using the model developed in this study. Thus, a subgroup of elderly glioblastoma patients suitable for chemoradiation with temozolomide can be identified.
    American journal of clinical oncology 05/2015; DOI:10.1097/COC.0000000000000198
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the oncologic outcome of ypT1-2N0 mid and lower rectal cancer after chemoradiotherapy (CRT) compared with pT1-2N0 rectal cancer. We compared the oncologic outcome of patients with mid and lower rectal cancer who underwent preoperative CRT and who did not, between February 2005 and August 2012. Compared with patients who did not receive preoperative CRT, patients who received preoperative CRT did not have significantly different clinicopathologic features except clinical stage and distal resection margin. The 5-year disease-free survival (DFS) rates were lower in patients who received preoperative CRT than those who did not (84.4% vs. 95.5%, P=0.029). Preoperative CRT was a prognostic factor affecting 5-year DFS in patients with pathologically proven stage T1N0 mid and lower rectal cancer (HR, 11.157; 95% CI, 1.735-71.762; P=0.011) CONCLUSIONS:: ypT2N0 rectal cancer after neoadjuvant CRT showed shorter DFS compared with pT2N0 rectal cancer.
    American journal of clinical oncology 05/2015; DOI:10.1097/COC.0000000000000196
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    ABSTRACT: We report clinical outcomes in patients treated with neoadjuvant endocrine therapy (NET) versus neoadjuvant cytotoxic chemotherapy (NCT) in a cohort of postmenopausal women with ER+, HER2- breast cancer. We retrospectively reviewed 140 patients treated between May 1998 and September 2010 and collected patient, disease, and treatment characteristics, response to neoadjuvant therapy, and clinical outcome. The median age was 59.5 years. Stage group: stage I 2.2%, stage II 26.8%, stage III 71%, the median tumor size 6 cm (range, 1.5 to 19 cm). Fifty-seven (40.7%) received NET and 83 (59.3%) NCT. One patient (1.8%) in the NET group and 7 (8.4%) in the NCT group had a pathologic complete response (P=0.142). The median follow-up was 48.1 months. Five-year cumulative incidence of locoregional recurrence (LRR) among the entire cohort was 4.1% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.5, 8.9), and any recurrence 25.3% (95% CI: 17.6, 33.6). There was no difference in cumulative incidence of LRR or overall recurrence between NET and NCT. On multivariate analysis adjusting for receipt of chemotherapy, presenting stage, and positive lymph nodes, the use of adjuvant radiation therapy was associated with decreased risk of LRR (hazard ratio [HR]=0.24, P=0.035), and ypN2 status with higher risk of LRR (HR=4.91, P=0.032). When the same multivariate model was fitted for any recurrence outcome, only ypN2 status was a significant predictor of overall recurrence (HR=3.02, P=0.005). We have demonstrated equivalent locoregional and overall outcomes in patients receiving NET versus NCT in a cohort of postmenopausal women with locally advanced ER+HER2-tumors.
    American journal of clinical oncology 05/2015; DOI:10.1097/COC.0000000000000194
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    ABSTRACT: We compared the safety and efficacy of ipilimumab and stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) to SRS alone for newly diagnosed melanoma brain metastases (MBM). We reviewed records of newly diagnosed MBM patients treated with SRS from 2009 to 2013. The primary endpoint of overall survival (OS), and secondary endpoints of local control, distant intracranial failure, and radiation necrosis were compared using Kaplan-Meier method. Univariate and multivariate analysis were performed using the Cox proportional hazards method. Fifty-four consecutive MBM patients were identified, with 20 (37.0%) receiving ipilimumab within 4 months of SRS. Ipilimumab-treated and non-ipilimumab-treated patients had similar baseline characteristics. No difference in symptomatic radiation necrosis or hemorrhage was identified between cohorts. Compared with patients in the nonipilimumab group, 1 year local control (71.4% vs. 92.3%, P=0.40) and intracranial control (12.7% vs. 29.1%, P=0.59) were also statistically similar. The ipilimumab cohort also had no difference in 1-year OS (37.1% vs. 38.5%, P=0.84). Patients administered ipilimumab within 14 days of SRS had higher 1-year (42.9%) and 2-year OS (42.9%) relative to ipilimumab delivered >14 days (33.8%, 16.9%) and SRS alone (38.5%, 25.7%) but these difference were not statistically significant. Univariate analysis and multivariate analysis both confirmed single brain metastasis, controlled primary, and active systemic disease as predictors for OS. Use of ipilimumab within 4 months of SRS seems to be safe, with no increase in radiation necrosis or hemorrhage; however, our retrospective institutional experience with this treatment regimen was not associated with improved outcomes.
    American journal of clinical oncology 05/2015; DOI:10.1097/COC.0000000000000199
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    ABSTRACT: Esophageal toxicity has become a major concern as stereotactic hypofractionated radiation therapy is increasingly utilized for central pulmonary tumors. Our purpose was to define esophageal dosimetric parameters that predict potentially dose-limiting toxicities. In total, 157 patients with a planning target volume ≤5 cm from the esophagus were selected from an institutional database. Toxicity was scored with the CTCAE v4.0. Esophageal Dmax and Dv (dose D in Gy covering volume v in mL) in 0.5 mL increments were collected. Corresponding biologically effective dose (BED) was calculated for α/β=10,3 (BED10, BED3). Normal tissue complication probability was computed with conventionally fractionated radiotherapy parameters and equivalent dose in 2 Gy per fraction (EQD2). Dosimetric predictors were identified with multivariate logistic regression with a manual forward stepwise selection technique. The grade≥2 esophagitis rate was 5.7%. BED10 to 1.5 mL was the best predictor of esophagitis. BED10 to 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, 3.0, and 3.5 mL were also predictive but less strong. Results were similar when BED3 and physical dose were examined. Tumor-esophageal distance correlated with esophagitis (10.5% risk of≥grade 2 events with distance≤3.9 cm vs. 1.3% when>3.9 cm, P=0.016). BED10 to 1.5 mL correlated well with EQD2 normal tissue complication probability estimates. BED to 1.5 mL was the strongest predictor of grade≥2 esophagitis (independent of α/β ratio) with a 10.6% toxicity risk when BED10>21.1 Gy (14.3 Gy in 3 fractions, 16.0 Gy in 5). The overall rate of severe toxicity is low, suggesting that higher doses may be tolerable.
    American journal of clinical oncology 05/2015; DOI:10.1097/COC.0000000000000195
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    ABSTRACT: The integration of chemotherapy, radiation therapy (RT), and surgery in the management of patients with stage IIIA (N2) non-small-cell lung carcinoma is challenging. The American College of Radiology (ACR) Appropriateness Criteria Lung Cancer Panel was charged to update management recommendations for this clinical scenario. The Appropriateness Criteria are evidence-based guidelines for specific clinical conditions that are reviewed every 3 years by a multidisciplinary expert panel. The guideline development and review include an extensive analysis of current medical literature from peer-reviewed journals and the application of a well-established consensus methodology (modified Delphi) to rate the appropriateness of imaging and treatment procedures by the panel. In those instances where evidence is lacking or not definitive, expert opinion may be used to recommend imaging or treatment. There is limited level I evidence to guide patient selection for induction, postoperative RT (PORT), or definitive RT. Literature interpretation is complicated by inconsistent diagnostic procedures for N2 disease, disease heterogeneity, and pooled analysis with other stages. PORT is an appropriate therapy following adjuvant chemotherapy in patients with incidental pN2 disease. In patients with clinical N2 disease who are potential candidates for a lobectomy, both definitive and induction concurrent chemotherapy/RT are appropriate treatments. In N2 patients who require a pneumonectomy, definitive concurrent chemotherapy/RT is most appropriate although induction concurrent chemotherapy/RT may be considered in expert hands. Induction chemotherapy followed by surgery +/- PORT may also be an option in N2 patients. For preoperative RT and PORT, 3-dimensional conformal techniques and intensity-modulated RT are most appropriate.
    American journal of clinical oncology 04/2015; 38(2):197-205. DOI:10.1097/COC.0000000000000154
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    ABSTRACT: The optimal radiation (RT) volume for node-positive endometrial cancer is controversial. This study evaluates clinical outcomes in patients with stage IIIC, N1 endometrial cancer who received RT to the pelvis (PV RT) or pelvis plus para-aortic nodes (PV-PAN RT). Overall, there were 89 women with stage IIIC endometrial cancer. Of these, 57 women had N1-only disease, forming the study cohort. Clinicopathologic characteristics, recurrence rates, endometrial cancer-specific survival (ECSS), and overall survival (OS) were examined among patients treated with pelvic RT (n=23) compared with pelvic plus para-aortic RT (n=34). Multivariable analysis of ECSS and OS was performed using Cox regression modeling. Median follow-up was 5.1 years. Adjuvant chemotherapy was used in 51/57 (89%) of N1 cases. Women with N1 disease who received PV-PAN RT compared with PV RT experienced lower recurrence (26% vs. 52%, P=0.06) and higher survival rates (5 y ECSS 81.5% vs. 47.0%, P=0.04 and OS 79.1% vs. 47.0%, P=0.01). On multivariable analysis, RT volume was not significantly associated with OS, whereas chemotherapy was associated with improved ECSS and OS. RT conferred excellent local control, whereas chemotherapy was associated with improved survival in women with N1 endometrial cancer. Distant relapse remains the most common site of recurrence despite chemotherapy.
    American journal of clinical oncology 04/2015; DOI:10.1097/COC.0000000000000192
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    ABSTRACT: Response to epidermal growth factor receptor inhibitors is poorer among stage IV colorectal cancer (CRC) patients with KRAS mutations; thus KRAS testing is recommended before treatment. KRAS testing was collected by Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) registries for 2010 CRC cases, and our goal was to provide the first population-based estimates of testing in the United States. SEER CRC cases diagnosed in 2010 were evaluated (n=30,351). χ tests and logistic regression were conducted to determine patient characteristics associated with KRAS testing, stratified by stages I-III versus stage IV. Log-rank tests were used to examine survival by testing status. KRAS testing among stage IV cases ranged from 39% in New Mexico to 15% in Louisiana. In the model, younger age, being married, living in a metropolitan area, and having primary site surgery were associated with greater odds of receiving KRAS testing. Those who received testing had significantly better survival than those who did not (P<0.0001). Among those who received testing, there was no significant difference in survival by mutated versus wild-type KRAS. Five percent of stage I-III cases received testing. Wide variation in documented KRAS testing for stage IV CRC patients exists among SEER registries. Age remained highly significant in multivariate models, suggesting that it plays an independent role in the patient and/or provider decision to be tested. Further research is needed to determine drivers of variation in testing, as well as reasons for testing in stage I-III cases where it is not recommended.
    American journal of clinical oncology 04/2015; DOI:10.1097/COC.0000000000000191
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    ABSTRACT: The PRODIGE and MPACT trials showed superiority of FOLFIRINOX and nab-paclitaxel plus gemcitabine (NG) over gemcitabine alone, respectively. However, both had strict inclusion criteria. We sought to determine the characteristics of patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer (MPC) which inform the appropriateness of first-line chemotherapy FOLFIRINOX and NG in routine practice. Patients with MPC who initiated palliative chemotherapy with gemcitabine from 2000 to 2011 at the British Columbia Cancer Agency were identified. Clinicopathologic variables and outcomes were retrospectively collected and compared among groups. Eligibility criteria for each regimen were in accordance with the respective pivotal phase III trials. A total of 473 patients were included: 25% of the patients were eligible for FOLFIRINOX versus 45% for NG. Main reasons for FOLFIRINOX ineligibility were Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS)≥2 (56.5%), age older than 75 years (19.0%), and bilirubin>1.5× upper limit of normal (18.6%), whereas those for NG ineligibility were bilirubin > upper limit of normal (24.5%), ECOG PS≥3 (14.6%), and cardiac dysfunction (13.8%). Univariate analyses revealed that FOLFIRINOX and NG-eligible patients had longer median overall survival than their respective ineligible group (8.6 vs. 4.7 mo, P<0.001; 6.7 vs. 4.9 mo, P=0.008, respectively). After accounting for ECOG PS in the multivariate model, however, eligibility for either FOLFIRINOX or NG no longer predicted for better overall survival. The majority of patients with MPC are not candidates to either NG or FOLFIRINOX due to restrictive eligibility requirements. Specific trials addressing the unmet needs of protocol ineligible patients are warranted.
    American journal of clinical oncology 04/2015; DOI:10.1097/COC.0000000000000193
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the association between polymorphisms of DNA repair genes and xenobiotic with acute adverse effects in locally advanced rectal cancer patients treated with neoadjuvant radiochemotherapy. Sixty-seven patients were analyzed for the current study. Genotypes in DNA repair genes XRCC1 (G28152A), XRCC3 (A4541G), XRCC3 (C18067T), RAD51 (G315C), and GSTP1 (A313G) were determined by pyrosequencing technology. The observed grade ≥3 acute toxicity rates were 23.8%. Chemotherapy and radiotherapy were interrupted for 46 and 14 days, respectively, due to critical complications. Four patients were hospitalized, 6 patients had been admitted to the ER, and 5 patients received invasive procedures (2 bladder catheters, 2 blood transfusions, and 1 growth factor therapy).RAD51 correlated with acute severe gastrointestinal toxicity in heterozygosity (Aa) and homozygosity (AA) (P=0.036). Grade ≥3 abdominal/pelvis pain toxicity was higher in the Aa group (P=0.017) and in the Aa+AA group (P=0.027) compared with homozygous (aa) patients. Acute skin toxicity of any grade occurred in 55.6% of the mutated patients versus 22.8% in the wild-type group (P=0.04) for RAD51. XRCC1 correlated with skin toxicity of any grade in the Aa+AA group (P=0.03) and in the Aa group alone (P=0.044). Grade ≥3 urinary frequency/urgency was significantly higher in patients with AA (P=0.01), Aa (P=0.022), and Aa+AA (P=0.031) for XRCC3 compared with aa group. Our study suggested that RAD51, XRCC1, and XRCC3 polymorphisms may be predictive factors for radiation-induced acute toxicity in rectal cancer patients treated with preoperative combined therapy.
    American journal of clinical oncology 03/2015; DOI:10.1097/COC.0000000000000182
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    ABSTRACT: We examined the incidence and the effect of alcohol abuse on pelvic control (PC), disease-free survival (DFS), and overall survival (OS) in locally advanced cervical cancer patients undergoing definitive radiation therapy (RT). Between 2007 and 2013, 95 patients treated with RT were reviewed, and the tumor characteristics, the RT dose, the treatment time, chemotherapy, and the number of cycles were recorded. The association between alcohol abuse and DFS, OS, and the duration of PC was analyzed using multivariable Cox proportional hazards models. Of the 95 patients with an average age of 54.8 years (range, 27 to 91 y), 30% were FIGO stage 1B1, 1B2, 2A, 52% stage 2B, 3A; and 18% stage 3B; 86% of the patients were treated with weekly cisplatin chemotherapy. Alcohol history showed that 10 (10.5%) patients met the CDC criteria for heavy alcohol use. With a mean follow-up time of 2 years, 85 patients (88.5%) achieved PC and 86 patients (90.5%) were free of distant metastasis. A total of 82 patients (86.3%) were alive at the last follow-up. When controlling for the total treatment time, excessive alcohol abuse was significantly associated with a decrease in DFS (P=0.005; hazard ratio [HR], 6.19; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.73, 22.18), OS (P=0.001; HR, 6.68; 95% CI: 2.10, 21.26), and PC (P=0.029; HR, 3.10; 95% CI: 1.13, 8.56) on univariable analysis. On multivariable analysis, excessive alcohol abuse was significantly associated with a decrease in DFS (P=0.005; HR, 10.57; 95% CI: 2.07, 53.93) and OS (P=0.001; HR, 10.80; 95% CI: 2.57, 45.40). In this small hypothesis-generating series of patients with heavy alcohol use, the data support the association that heavy alcohol use increases the risk of cancer recurrence and mortality. Additional research is required to better define the patient- and treatment-related factors that may be targeted for intervention.
    American journal of clinical oncology 03/2015; DOI:10.1097/COC.0000000000000187