American journal of clinical oncology Impact Factor & Information

Publisher: American Radium Society, Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins

Journal description

Current impact factor: 2.61

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2015
2013 / 2014 Impact Factor 2.611
2012 Impact Factor 2.552
2011 Impact Factor 2.005
2010 Impact Factor 1.768
2009 Impact Factor 2.206
2008 Impact Factor 1.792
2007 Impact Factor 1.551
2006 Impact Factor 1.224
2005 Impact Factor 1.615
2004 Impact Factor 1.703
2003 Impact Factor 1.369
2002 Impact Factor 1.136
2001 Impact Factor 0.929
2000 Impact Factor 0.952
1999 Impact Factor 0.956
1998 Impact Factor 0.867
1997 Impact Factor 0.769
1996 Impact Factor 0.921
1995 Impact Factor 0.754
1994 Impact Factor 0.737
1993 Impact Factor 0.925
1992 Impact Factor 0.689

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 1.81
Cited half-life 7.60
Immediacy index 0.17
Eigenfactor 0.01
Article influence 0.54
Other titles American journal of clinical oncology (Online), American journal of clinical oncology, Am j clin oncol
ISSN 1537-453X
OCLC 47641066
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author cannot archive a post-print version
  • Restrictions
    • 12 months embargo
  • Conditions
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    • Pre-print must be removed upon acceptance for publication
    • Post-print may be deposited in personal website or institutional repository
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Must include statement that it is not the final published version
    • Published source must be acknowledged with full citation
    • Set statement to accompany deposit
    • Must link to publisher version
    • NIH authors will have their accepted manuscripts transmitted to PubMed Central on their behalf after a 12 months embargo (see policy for details)
    • Wellcome Trust and HHMI authors will have their accepted manuscripts transmitted to PubMed Central on their behalf after a 6 months embargo (see policy for details)
    • Publisher last reviewed on 19/03/2015
  • Classification
    ​ yellow

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The integration of chemotherapy, radiation therapy (RT), and surgery in the management of patients with stage IIIA (N2) non-small-cell lung carcinoma is challenging. The American College of Radiology (ACR) Appropriateness Criteria Lung Cancer Panel was charged to update management recommendations for this clinical scenario. The Appropriateness Criteria are evidence-based guidelines for specific clinical conditions that are reviewed every 3 years by a multidisciplinary expert panel. The guideline development and review include an extensive analysis of current medical literature from peer-reviewed journals and the application of a well-established consensus methodology (modified Delphi) to rate the appropriateness of imaging and treatment procedures by the panel. In those instances where evidence is lacking or not definitive, expert opinion may be used to recommend imaging or treatment. There is limited level I evidence to guide patient selection for induction, postoperative RT (PORT), or definitive RT. Literature interpretation is complicated by inconsistent diagnostic procedures for N2 disease, disease heterogeneity, and pooled analysis with other stages. PORT is an appropriate therapy following adjuvant chemotherapy in patients with incidental pN2 disease. In patients with clinical N2 disease who are potential candidates for a lobectomy, both definitive and induction concurrent chemotherapy/RT are appropriate treatments. In N2 patients who require a pneumonectomy, definitive concurrent chemotherapy/RT is most appropriate although induction concurrent chemotherapy/RT may be considered in expert hands. Induction chemotherapy followed by surgery +/- PORT may also be an option in N2 patients. For preoperative RT and PORT, 3-dimensional conformal techniques and intensity-modulated RT are most appropriate.
    American journal of clinical oncology 04/2015; 38(2):197-205. DOI:10.1097/COC.0000000000000154
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    ABSTRACT: Response to epidermal growth factor receptor inhibitors is poorer among stage IV colorectal cancer (CRC) patients with KRAS mutations; thus KRAS testing is recommended before treatment. KRAS testing was collected by Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) registries for 2010 CRC cases, and our goal was to provide the first population-based estimates of testing in the United States. SEER CRC cases diagnosed in 2010 were evaluated (n=30,351). χ tests and logistic regression were conducted to determine patient characteristics associated with KRAS testing, stratified by stages I-III versus stage IV. Log-rank tests were used to examine survival by testing status. KRAS testing among stage IV cases ranged from 39% in New Mexico to 15% in Louisiana. In the model, younger age, being married, living in a metropolitan area, and having primary site surgery were associated with greater odds of receiving KRAS testing. Those who received testing had significantly better survival than those who did not (P<0.0001). Among those who received testing, there was no significant difference in survival by mutated versus wild-type KRAS. Five percent of stage I-III cases received testing. Wide variation in documented KRAS testing for stage IV CRC patients exists among SEER registries. Age remained highly significant in multivariate models, suggesting that it plays an independent role in the patient and/or provider decision to be tested. Further research is needed to determine drivers of variation in testing, as well as reasons for testing in stage I-III cases where it is not recommended.
    American journal of clinical oncology 04/2015; DOI:10.1097/COC.0000000000000191
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    ABSTRACT: The PRODIGE and MPACT trials showed superiority of FOLFIRINOX and nab-paclitaxel plus gemcitabine (NG) over gemcitabine alone, respectively. However, both had strict inclusion criteria. We sought to determine the characteristics of patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer (MPC) which inform the appropriateness of first-line chemotherapy FOLFIRINOX and NG in routine practice. Patients with MPC who initiated palliative chemotherapy with gemcitabine from 2000 to 2011 at the British Columbia Cancer Agency were identified. Clinicopathologic variables and outcomes were retrospectively collected and compared among groups. Eligibility criteria for each regimen were in accordance with the respective pivotal phase III trials. A total of 473 patients were included: 25% of the patients were eligible for FOLFIRINOX versus 45% for NG. Main reasons for FOLFIRINOX ineligibility were Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS)≥2 (56.5%), age older than 75 years (19.0%), and bilirubin>1.5× upper limit of normal (18.6%), whereas those for NG ineligibility were bilirubin > upper limit of normal (24.5%), ECOG PS≥3 (14.6%), and cardiac dysfunction (13.8%). Univariate analyses revealed that FOLFIRINOX and NG-eligible patients had longer median overall survival than their respective ineligible group (8.6 vs. 4.7 mo, P<0.001; 6.7 vs. 4.9 mo, P=0.008, respectively). After accounting for ECOG PS in the multivariate model, however, eligibility for either FOLFIRINOX or NG no longer predicted for better overall survival. The majority of patients with MPC are not candidates to either NG or FOLFIRINOX due to restrictive eligibility requirements. Specific trials addressing the unmet needs of protocol ineligible patients are warranted.
    American journal of clinical oncology 04/2015; DOI:10.1097/COC.0000000000000193
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    ABSTRACT: The optimal radiation (RT) volume for node-positive endometrial cancer is controversial. This study evaluates clinical outcomes in patients with stage IIIC, N1 endometrial cancer who received RT to the pelvis (PV RT) or pelvis plus para-aortic nodes (PV-PAN RT). Overall, there were 89 women with stage IIIC endometrial cancer. Of these, 57 women had N1-only disease, forming the study cohort. Clinicopathologic characteristics, recurrence rates, endometrial cancer-specific survival (ECSS), and overall survival (OS) were examined among patients treated with pelvic RT (n=23) compared with pelvic plus para-aortic RT (n=34). Multivariable analysis of ECSS and OS was performed using Cox regression modeling. Median follow-up was 5.1 years. Adjuvant chemotherapy was used in 51/57 (89%) of N1 cases. Women with N1 disease who received PV-PAN RT compared with PV RT experienced lower recurrence (26% vs. 52%, P=0.06) and higher survival rates (5 y ECSS 81.5% vs. 47.0%, P=0.04 and OS 79.1% vs. 47.0%, P=0.01). On multivariable analysis, RT volume was not significantly associated with OS, whereas chemotherapy was associated with improved ECSS and OS. RT conferred excellent local control, whereas chemotherapy was associated with improved survival in women with N1 endometrial cancer. Distant relapse remains the most common site of recurrence despite chemotherapy.
    American journal of clinical oncology 04/2015; DOI:10.1097/COC.0000000000000192
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the association between polymorphisms of DNA repair genes and xenobiotic with acute adverse effects in locally advanced rectal cancer patients treated with neoadjuvant radiochemotherapy. Sixty-seven patients were analyzed for the current study. Genotypes in DNA repair genes XRCC1 (G28152A), XRCC3 (A4541G), XRCC3 (C18067T), RAD51 (G315C), and GSTP1 (A313G) were determined by pyrosequencing technology. The observed grade ≥3 acute toxicity rates were 23.8%. Chemotherapy and radiotherapy were interrupted for 46 and 14 days, respectively, due to critical complications. Four patients were hospitalized, 6 patients had been admitted to the ER, and 5 patients received invasive procedures (2 bladder catheters, 2 blood transfusions, and 1 growth factor therapy).RAD51 correlated with acute severe gastrointestinal toxicity in heterozygosity (Aa) and homozygosity (AA) (P=0.036). Grade ≥3 abdominal/pelvis pain toxicity was higher in the Aa group (P=0.017) and in the Aa+AA group (P=0.027) compared with homozygous (aa) patients. Acute skin toxicity of any grade occurred in 55.6% of the mutated patients versus 22.8% in the wild-type group (P=0.04) for RAD51. XRCC1 correlated with skin toxicity of any grade in the Aa+AA group (P=0.03) and in the Aa group alone (P=0.044). Grade ≥3 urinary frequency/urgency was significantly higher in patients with AA (P=0.01), Aa (P=0.022), and Aa+AA (P=0.031) for XRCC3 compared with aa group. Our study suggested that RAD51, XRCC1, and XRCC3 polymorphisms may be predictive factors for radiation-induced acute toxicity in rectal cancer patients treated with preoperative combined therapy.
    American journal of clinical oncology 03/2015; DOI:10.1097/COC.0000000000000182
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    ABSTRACT: We examined the incidence and the effect of alcohol abuse on pelvic control (PC), disease-free survival (DFS), and overall survival (OS) in locally advanced cervical cancer patients undergoing definitive radiation therapy (RT). Between 2007 and 2013, 95 patients treated with RT were reviewed, and the tumor characteristics, the RT dose, the treatment time, chemotherapy, and the number of cycles were recorded. The association between alcohol abuse and DFS, OS, and the duration of PC was analyzed using multivariable Cox proportional hazards models. Of the 95 patients with an average age of 54.8 years (range, 27 to 91 y), 30% were FIGO stage 1B1, 1B2, 2A, 52% stage 2B, 3A; and 18% stage 3B; 86% of the patients were treated with weekly cisplatin chemotherapy. Alcohol history showed that 10 (10.5%) patients met the CDC criteria for heavy alcohol use. With a mean follow-up time of 2 years, 85 patients (88.5%) achieved PC and 86 patients (90.5%) were free of distant metastasis. A total of 82 patients (86.3%) were alive at the last follow-up. When controlling for the total treatment time, excessive alcohol abuse was significantly associated with a decrease in DFS (P=0.005; hazard ratio [HR], 6.19; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.73, 22.18), OS (P=0.001; HR, 6.68; 95% CI: 2.10, 21.26), and PC (P=0.029; HR, 3.10; 95% CI: 1.13, 8.56) on univariable analysis. On multivariable analysis, excessive alcohol abuse was significantly associated with a decrease in DFS (P=0.005; HR, 10.57; 95% CI: 2.07, 53.93) and OS (P=0.001; HR, 10.80; 95% CI: 2.57, 45.40). In this small hypothesis-generating series of patients with heavy alcohol use, the data support the association that heavy alcohol use increases the risk of cancer recurrence and mortality. Additional research is required to better define the patient- and treatment-related factors that may be targeted for intervention.
    American journal of clinical oncology 03/2015; DOI:10.1097/COC.0000000000000187
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    ABSTRACT: Toxicity is a main concern limiting the use of chemotherapy and radiotherapy (RT) for elderly patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The objective of this study was to assess the rates of treatment-related toxicity among elderly stage IIIB and IV NSCLC patients. We used the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results registry linked to Medicare records to identify 2596 stage IIIB and 14,803 stage IV NSCLC patients aged 70 years and above, diagnosed in 2000 or later. We compared rates of toxicity requiring hospitalization according to treatment (chemotherapy, RT, or chemoradiation [CRT]) in unadjusted and adjusted models controlling for selection bias using propensity scores. Among stage IIIB patients, rates of any severe toxicity were 10.1%, 23.8%, 30.4%, and 39.2% for patients who received no treatment, RT, chemotherapy alone, and CRT, respectively. In stage IV patients, rates of any severe toxicity were 31.5% versus 13.5% among those treated with and without chemotherapy, respectively. In stage IIIB patients treated with CRT, the most common toxicities was esophagitis (odds ratio, 48.5; 95% confidence interval, 6.7-350.5). Among stage IV patients treated with chemotherapy, the risk of toxicity was highest for neutropenia (odds ratio, 8.4; 95% confidence interval, 6.1-11.5). Toxicity was relatively common among stage IIIB patients with up to a 6-fold increase in elderly individuals treated with CRT and a 4-fold increase in toxicities among stage IV patients. This information should be helpful to guide discussions about the risk-benefit ratio of chemotherapy and RT in elderly patients with advanced NSCLC.
    American journal of clinical oncology 03/2015; DOI:10.1097/COC.0000000000000188
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose Orteronel (TAK-700) is an investigational, nonsteroidal, reversible, selective 17,20-lyase inhibitor. This study examined orteronel in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer that progressed after docetaxel therapy. Patients and Methods In our study, 1,099 men were randomly assigned in a 2:1 schedule to receive orteronel 400 mg plus prednisone 5 mg twice daily or placebo plus prednisone 5 mg twice daily, stratified by region (Europe, North America [NA], and non-Europe/NA) and Brief Pain Inventory–Short Form worst pain score. Primary end point was overall survival (OS). Key secondary end points (radiographic progression-free survival [rPFS], ≥ 50% decrease of prostate-specific antigen [PSA50], and pain response at 12 weeks) were to undergo statistical testing only if the primary end point analysis was significant. Results The study was unblinded after crossing a prespecified OS futility boundary. The median OS was 17.0 months versus 15.2 months with orteronel-prednisone versus placebo-prednisone (hazard ratio [HR], 0.886; 95% CI, 0.739 to 1.062; P = .190). Improved rPFS was observed with orteronel-prednisone (median, 8.3 v 5.7 months; HR, 0.760; 95% CI, 0.653 to 0.885; P < .001). Orteronel-prednisone showed advantages over placebo-prednisone in PSA50 rate (25% v 10%, P < .001) and time to PSA progression (median, 5.5 v 2.9 months, P < .001) but not pain response rate (12% v 9%; P = .128). Adverse events (all grades) were generally more frequent with orteronel-prednisone, including nausea (42% v 26%), vomiting (36% v 17%), fatigue (29% v 23%), and increased amylase (14% v 2%). Conclusion Our study did not meet the primary end point of OS. Longer rPFS and a higher PSA50 rate with orteronel-prednisone indicate antitumor activity
    American journal of clinical oncology 01/2015; DOI:10.1200/JCO.2014.56.5119
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this meta-analysis was to indirectly compare incidence of nephrotoxicity in trials using cisplatin (CIS) for treatment of solid tumors when renal function was assessed using serum creatinine (SCr) or creatinine clearance (CrCl) for eligibility criteria. Randomized trials comparing CIS-containing with non-CIS-containing chemotherapy regimens were identified in PubMed. Included studies were performed from 1990 to 2010, used SCr or CrCl as an eligibility criterion, and reported incidence of grade ≥3 nephrotoxicity for both treatment arms using World Health Organization (WHO) or National Cancer Institute (NCI) toxicity criteria. The relative risk (RR) of grade ≥3 nephrotoxicity associated with CIS versus non-CIS regimens was examined. Subgroup analyses, adjusted indirect comparison, and metaregression were used to compare SCr and CrCl. The literature search identified 2359 studies, 42 studies met all the inclusion criteria (N=9521 patients). SCr was used as an eligibility criterion in 20 studies (N=4704), CrCl was used in 9 studies (N=1650), and either was used in 13 studies (N=3167). The overall RR for developing nephrotoxicity with CIS versus non-CIS treatment was 1.75 (P=0.005). Subgroup analyses showed an increased risk when SCr was used (RR=2.60, P=0.005) but not when CrCl was used (RR=1.50, P=0.19). Both the adjusted indirect comparison and metaregression showed a nonsignificantly reduced risk of nephrotoxicity when CrCl was used. CIS-based therapy was associated with a significant increase in severe nephrotoxicity. The risk of severe nephrotoxicity appears to be lower when CrCl was used to determine whether people should be treated with CIS.
    American journal of clinical oncology 05/2014; DOI:10.1097/COC.0000000000000081
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the cosmetic effect of a tumor-bed boost after hypofractionated whole breast irradiation (HF-WBI+B) using a patient-reported questionnaire. Between 2000 and 2005, 4392 women aged 75 years and younger with unilateral early-stage breast cancer received HF-WBI alone or HF-WBI+B. From each group, 800 randomly sampled surviving and nonrelapsed women were invited to complete the Breast Cancer Treatment Outcomes Scale questionnaire. A total of 312 women completed the questionnaire: 154 received HF-WBI alone and 158 received HF-WBI+B. Median ages of respondents were 57 years for HF-WBI alone and 52 years for HF-WBI+B (P<0.001). Women receiving HF-WBI+B had a shorter follow-up interval, higher T stage, higher grade, and were more likely to have had nodal radiotherapy and chemotherapy. There were similar responses comparing the overall appearance of the treated to untreated breast (42% stating no or slight difference for HF-WBI alone vs. 41% for HF-WBI+B, P=0.87). The HF-WBI+B group was: (a) slightly worse on the cosmetic subscale (2.3 vs. 2.1, P=0.02); (b) worse on the pain subscale (2.0 vs. 1.6, P<0.0001); but (c) better on the functional subscale (1.5 vs. 1.8, P<0.001). When the pain subscale was applied to the area around the scar (a surrogate for the tumor-bed), the 2 groups were similar (2.0 vs. 2.0, P=0.71). Similar to conventional fractionated whole breast radiotherapy with a tumor-bed boost, women who received short fractionation whole breast radiotherapy with boost self-report only slightly worse long-term cosmetic and pain outcomes compared with women who received short fractionation alone.
    American journal of clinical oncology 05/2014; DOI:10.1097/COC.0000000000000084
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    ABSTRACT: To assess the efficacy and tolerability of palliative split-course concurrent thoracic chemoradiotherapy (CRT) in patients with incurable locally advanced and metastatic non-small cell lung cancer. All patients with incurable non-small cell lung cancer and symptomatic thoracic disease treated with palliative split-course CRT between March 2006 and February 2013 at a single institution were included in this retrospective study. The primary endpoint was improvement in presenting thoracic symptoms. Secondary endpoints included toxicity, overall survival, and the cumulative incidence of locoregional failure. Fifty-five patients were identified, of whom 89% had distant metastatic disease at the initiation of treatment. The median radiotherapy dose delivered was 40 Gy over 20 fractions. Over 90% of patients were able to complete at least 2 cycles of chemotherapy, and 89% of patients completed the prescribed course of radiotherapy. Forty percent of patients had improvement in all presenting symptoms and 78% experienced improvement in at least 1 symptom. Nine and 2 patients, respectively, experienced grade 1 and 2 esophagitis and 1 patient experienced grade 2 pneumonitis. There were no cases of grade 3 toxicity. With a median follow-up for surviving patients of 4.5 months, the estimated actuarial 6-, 12-, and 24-month overall survival was 56%, 25%, and 13%, respectively. The actuarial 6-, 12-, and 24-month cumulative incidence of locoregional failure was 6%, 14%, and 22%, respectively. Split-course CRT allows for early introduction of systemic therapy while providing durable locoregional control with tolerable morbidity and significant improvement in chest symptomatology. This paradigm is a viable model for chest palliation in selected patients with intact performance status.
    American journal of clinical oncology 04/2014; DOI:10.1097/COC.0000000000000007
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    ABSTRACT: Inferior vena cava (IVC) filters are placed to prevent pulmonary embolism, however, some studies have suggested that IVC filters are associated with exacerbated risks of deep vein/IVC thrombosis in cancer patients. The purpose of this study is to determine if cancer patients develop higher than expected rates of venous thromboembolism complications after filter placement compared with noncancer patients. A retrospective cohort study of consecutive patients who received filters (2002 to 2006) at Johns Hopkins was conducted. Exposures and outcomes were obtained by chart review. Relative risks (RR, 95% confidence interval [CI]) for outcomes in cancer versus noncancer patients were estimated using multistate models. The cohort included 702 patients-246 with cancer and 456 without cancer. Cancer patients were older, more likely to be white and have filters placed for contraindications to anticoagulation (P<0.01). The most common cancers were lung (11.8%) and colorectal (10.6%). Cancer patients had an increase in venous thromboembolism (RR 1.9 [95% CI, 1.1, 3.2]) due to more deep venous thrombosis/IVC thrombosis (RR 1.7 [95% CI, 1.0, 3.0]). Higher pulmonary embolism rates in cancer were not statistically significant (RR 2.2 [95% CI, 0.8, 5.8]). Cancer patients have elevated risks of thrombotic complications compared with noncancer patients; however, these risks are not higher than expected based on historical controls.
    American journal of clinical oncology 04/2014; DOI:10.1097/COC.0000000000000062
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    ABSTRACT: The local-regional management of female breast cancer has been extensively investigated worldwide. The optimal approach for males diagnosed with breast cancer is less clear. We have analyzed the treatment of male breast cancer using a population-based national registry to determine the impact of surgery and radiation therapy on survival. The Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) database was queried to identify males with invasive ductal carcinoma of the breast who underwent primary surgical resection (radical mastectomy, modified radical mastectomy, total mastectomy, or segmental) for the years 1983 to 2002. Demographic, clinical, and pathologic data were culled and analyzed to determine the impact of radiation therapy (RT) following resection. Survival rates were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method and significance was determined using the log-rank test (P<0.05). Multivariate analysis with the Cox proportional hazards model was performed to determine factors significant for overall (OS) and cause-specific survival (CSS). A total of 1337 patients met the eligibility criteria and were analyzed. Median follow-up was 7.3 years (range, 1 mo to 25 y). Most men underwent modified radical mastectomy (n=1062) with a minority undergoing segmental (n=113). About 329 men received postoperative external beam RT. The median rates of OS and CSS for all men were 10.5 years and not yet reached, respectively. The surgical procedure did not significantly associate with OS or CSS. By stage, RT was associated with improved OS for stage I (P=0.03). There was a trend for improved survival with stage II (P=0.21) and III (P=0.15). RT was not associated with improved CSS by stage. RT improved rates of OS and CSS in N2 patients without reaching statistical significance (P=0.10 and 0.22). On multivariate analysis, advancing age, stage and grade, and no postoperative RT predicted for worse OS. However, when controlled for those with known hormone receptor status (n=978), only the factors of advancing age, stage, grade, and hormone receptor negativity predicted for worse OS. Advancing age, stage, and grade were the only predictors of CSS irrespective of the cohort analyzed. The primary surgical procedure did not ultimately influence OS or CSS in this population-based registry of males with breast cancer. A statistically nonsignificant improvement with postoperative RT was observed in men with lymph node involvement, larger tumor size, or higher stage. When controlled for age, stage, and grade in multivariate analysis, postoperative RT predicted for improved OS but not CSS. These data suggest a beneficial effect of RT in the postoperative setting. A prospective study is necessary to further elucidate appropriate treatment strategies for men with breast cancer.
    American journal of clinical oncology 04/2014; DOI:10.1097/COC.0000000000000078
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    ABSTRACT: There is a systematic relationship between fatigue, sleep, and decreased quality of life in cancer patients, with notably poor sleep quality among many head and neck cancer patients during and after treatment. An often overlooked cause of sleep disturbance in this patient population is obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). This review explores the current literature on the prevalence and clinical correlates of OSA, management outcomes, and data on cytokine-mediated fatigue in OSA. OSA appears to be prevalent in head and neck cancer patients, both at baseline and after treatment, especially with multimodality therapy including radiation therapy. Predictors of developing OSA include larger tumor size and hypopharynx or larynx primary site. There is evidence that the level of fatigue seen in these patients is not necessarily correlated with the severity of their OSA. Current research highlights the role of proinflammatory cytokines, which can also be synergistically activated by radiation therapy, as mediators of fatigue. Primary management of OSA consists of continuous positive airway pressure. Although continuous positive airway pressure has been shown to improve clinical symptoms, compliance with its use remains a problem and will be an area of future research.
    American journal of clinical oncology 04/2014; DOI:10.1097/01.coc.0000436086.61460.cb
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    ABSTRACT: Hospital case volume has been shown to be a predictor of patient mortality for treatment for various cancers. The influence of hospital case volume on malignant melanoma survival and treatment utilization is unknown. We used the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results-Medicare linked databases to identify patients aged 65 years or older diagnosed with metastatic melanoma between 2000 and 2009. We analyzed claims data to ascertain cancer treatment variation by hospital case volume. Overall survival was evaluated using propensity score methods. Among 1438 patients, 612 (42.6%) were treated in low-volume hospitals (≤5 patients) after receiving their diagnosis, 479 (33.3%) were treated in intermediate-volume hospitals (6 to 10 patients), and 347 (24.1%) were treated in high-volume hospitals (>10 patients). In Cox proportional hazards models, treatment in a high-volume hospital after propensity score adjustment was associated with a significant improvement in survival when adjusting for other characteristics (intermediate volume: hazard ratio [HR]=0.70, P=0.0007; high volume: HR=0.63, P<0.0001). Patients treated in high-volume hospitals were less likely to receive chemotherapy, surgery, and/or radiation therapy after a metastatic melanoma diagnosis. For patients diagnosed with metastatic melanoma, being treated in a high-volume hospital was associated with an improvement in survival and lower utilization of chemotherapy, immunotherapy, surgery, and radiation therapy.
    American journal of clinical oncology 04/2014; DOI:10.1097/COC.0000000000000074
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the outcomes of patients treated with hypofractionated stereotactic radiotherapy (HSRT) for radiosensitive and radioresistant brain metastases. Between August 2006 and July 2013, a total of 56 lesions in 44 patients with brain metastases were treated with HSRT. Twenty-three (41.1%) lesions were radioresistant. Patients were treated to a total dose of 24 to 30 Gy in 3 to 5 fractions. Median planning target volume was 6.18 cm. The primary endpoint for this study was local control with secondary endpoints of overall survival, distant failure, performance status, and treatment toxicity. The median follow-up for all patients was 5 months (range, 0.4 to 58.3 mo). Six- and 12-month Kaplan-Meier estimates of local control for all lesions were 85.6% and 79.4%, respectively. Radioresistant tumors had a 6- and 12-month local control rate of 87.0%, whereas radiosensitive tumors had a 6- and 12-month local control rate of 82.5% and 72.2%, respectively (P=0.41). Six- and 12-month distant brain control rates were 56.8% and 46.9%, respectively. Overall survival was significantly associated with recursive partitioning analysis classes I, II, and III (P=0.0003) and graded prognostic assessment classes 2 to 3 and 1 to 1.5 (P=0.041). HSRT is a safe and feasible alternative to single-session stereotactic radiosurgery for brain metastases. No difference was observed in local control rates between radioresistant and radiosensitive tumors.
    American journal of clinical oncology 04/2014; DOI:10.1097/COC.0000000000000076
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    ABSTRACT: Gamma knife stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) has become an important management strategy for patients with meningiomas. Although prior reports have studied early tumor control, neurological response, and associated morbidity, our purpose was to use clinical and imaging studies to determine whether long-term outcomes remain stable over time. We studied 290 consecutive patients (92 men and 198 women) who underwent gamma knife SRS for a meningioma between 1987 and 1997. The median tumor margin dose was 15 Gy and the median tumor volume was 5.5 mL. Target definition was performed using contrast enhanced computed tomography in 72 patients and magnetic resonance imaging in 218 patients. The median patient age at radiosurgery was 61 years. Twenty patients had a history of fractionated radiation therapy, 136 patients had undergone a subtotal resection, and 22 patients had recurrences after initial gross total resection. The overall tumor control rate was 91%. Twenty-six patients (9%) had evidence of delayed local tumor growth and 44 (15%) had regional tumor progression, which occurred at a median of 38 months. The 10- and 20-year actuarial rates of freedom from tumor progression of the targeted tumor were 87.7%±2.5% and 87.2%±4.2%. Of 234 patients who had symptoms before SRS (n=62, 26%) improved, 126 (54%) had no change in symptoms and 46 (20%) gradually worsened. Thirty-two of 34 (94%) asymptomatic patients remained asymptomatic. We found no difference in long-term tumor control rates between patients who had undergone craniotomy before radiosurgery (89%) and patients who underwent primary radiosurgery (93.1%). Adverse radiation effects were detected in 3.1% of patients. Factors associated with worse progression-free survival included prior radiation therapy (P<0.0001) and higher grade meningioma (P<0.0001). At a median of 8.7 years after SRS, 137 patients were dead at a median age of 77 years. We found that gamma knife SRS provided durable tumor control with low morbidity in meningioma patients.
    American journal of clinical oncology 04/2014; DOI:10.1097/COC.0000000000000080
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    ABSTRACT: To analyze the outcome of patients with ampullary cancer who had undergone curative surgery followed by adjuvant chemoradiotherapy and to identify the prognostic factors for these patients METHODS:: Between January 1991 and August 2006, 71 patients with ampullary cancer underwent curative resection followed by adjuvant radiotherapy. There were 38 males and 33 females, and median age was 56 years (range, 28 to 77 y). Postoperative radiotherapy was delivered to tumor bed and regional lymph nodes up to 40 to 50 Gy at 2 Gy/fraction; 67 patients also received intravenous 5-fluorouracil as a radiosensitizer. Median follow-up duration was 72 months for survivors. There were 5 isolated locoregional recurrences, 20 isolated distant metastases, and 11 combined locoregional and distant relapses. The 5-year locoregional relapse-free and overall survival rates were 76.2% and 64.5%, respectively. On multivariate analysis, nodal ratio and histologic differentiation were significant prognostic factors for overall survival (P=0.0382 and 0.0331, respectively). Adjuvant chemoradiotherapy after curative resection can achieve a long-term survival rate in patients with ampullary cancer. Nodal ratio and histologic differentiation are independent prognostic factors for these patients.
    American journal of clinical oncology 04/2014; DOI:10.1097/COC.0000000000000075