Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports (Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep )

Publisher: Springer Verlag


The Current Reports journals were developed out of the recognition that specialists have increasing difficulty keeping up to date with the expanding volume of information published in their fields. Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports provides in a systematic manner: 1. the views of experts on current advances in neurology and neuroscience in a clear and readable form; 2. selections of the most important papers from the great wealth of original publications, annotated by experts.

Impact factor 3.78

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    Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports website
  • Other titles
    Current neurology and neuroscience reports (Online), Current neurology and neuroscience reports
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  • Material type
    Document, Periodical, Internet resource
  • Document type
    Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

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Springer Verlag

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    • Articles in some journals can be made Open Access on payment of additional charge
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    ‚Äč green

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The use of neuroscience in criminal law applications is an increasingly discussed topic among legal and psychological scholars. Over the past 5 years, several prominent federal criminal cases have referenced neuroscience studies and made admissibility determinations regarding neuroscience evidence. Despite this growth, the field is exceptionally young, and no one knows for sure how significant of a contribution neuroscience will make to criminal law. This article focuses on three major subfields: (1) neuroscience-based credibility assessment, which seeks to detect lies or knowledge associated with a crime; (2) application of neuroscience to aid in assessments of brain capacity for culpability, especially among adolescents; and (3) neuroscience-based prediction of future recidivism. The article briefly reviews these fields as applied to criminal law and makes recommendations for future research, calling for the increased use of individual-level data and increased realism in laboratory studies.
    Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports 02/2015; 15(2):513.
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    ABSTRACT: This review describes empirical evidence for a bidirectional relationship between tension-type headache (TTH) and sleep. In its most severe form, chronic TTH (CTTH) affects 2-3 % of the population and can be very disabling. Sleep dysregulation triggers episodic TTH, and sleep disorders may complicate and exacerbate headache. The majority of CTTH sufferers also have insomnia, and longitudinal data suggest that insomnia is a risk factor for new-onset TTH. Similarly, observational studies suggest that sleep disturbance is a risk factor for new-onset TTH and for progression from episodic to chronic TTH (i.e., headache "chronification"). CTTH is the most common headache secondary to sleep apnea and other sleep-related breathing disorders. Psychiatric disorders are comorbid with both TTH and insomnia and may further complicate diagnosis and treatment. Developments in diagnostic classification of sleep-related headache are presented.
    Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports 02/2015; 15(2):520.
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    ABSTRACT: Brain metastases are a common complication of cancer and continue to be associated with a poor prognosis. Management of brain metastases typically requires a multidisciplinary approach which may include whole-brain radiation therapy, stereotactic radiosurgery, surgery, and systemic therapy. Historically, the use of systemic therapy in brain metastases has been challenging because of the resistance to conventional chemotherapies secondary to the blood-brain barrier and an often heavily pre-treated patient population, and the paucity of well-conducted randomized trials in these heterogeneous patient populations. Newer agents, including immunotherapy and targeted therapies, are playing increasingly important roles in the up-front management of brain metastases. In this overview, we review recent advances in systemic therapies for brain metastases and the evidence supporting their use in this patient population.
    Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports 02/2015; 15(2):518.
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    ABSTRACT: Medication overuse headache (MOH) is a common and disabling headache disorder. It has a prevalence of about 1-2 % in the general population. The International Classification of Headache Disorders 3rd edition (beta version) has defined MOH as a chronic headache disorder in which the headache occurs on 15 or more days per month due to regular overuse of medication. These headaches must have been present for more than 3 months. The pathophysiology is complex and not completely known. It involves genetic and behavioural factors. There is evidence that cortical spreading depression, trigeminovascular system and neurotransmitters contribute to the pain pathway of MOH. The treatment of MOH includes patient education, stopping the offending drug(s), rescue therapy for withdrawal symptoms and preventative therapy. Relapse rates for MOH are high at 41 %. MOH can severely impact quality of life, so it is important to identify patients who are at risk of analgesic overuse.
    Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports 01/2015; 15(1):509.
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    ABSTRACT: Stroke is the second leading cause of death worldwide and a major cause of long-term severe disability representing a global health burden and one of the highly researched medical conditions. Nanostructured material synthesis and engineering have been recently developed and have been largely integrated into many fields including medicine. Recent studies have shown that nanoparticles might be a valuable tool in stroke. Different types, shapes, and sizes of nanoparticles have been used for molecular/biomarker profiling and imaging to help in early diagnosis and prevention of stroke and for drug/RNA delivery for improved treatment and neuroprotection. However, these promising applications have limitations, including cytotoxicity, which hindered their adoption into clinical use. Future research is warranted to fully develop and effectively and safely translate nanoparticles for stroke diagnosis and treatment into the clinic. This work will discuss the emerging role of nanotheragnostics in stroke diagnosis and treatment applications.
    Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports 01/2015; 15(1):505.
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    ABSTRACT: Glioblastoma is a grade IV astrocytoma that is widely accepted in clinical neurosurgery as being an extremely lethal diagnosis. Long-term survival rates remain dismal, and even when tumors undergo gross resection with confirmation of total removal on neuroimaging, they invariably recur with even greater virulence. Standard therapeutic modalities as well as more contemporary treatments have largely resulted in disappointing improvements. However, the therapeutic potential of vaccine immunotherapy for malignant glioma should not be underestimated. In contrast to many of the available treatments, vaccine immunotherapy is unique because it offers the means of delivering treatment that is highly specific to both the patient and the tumor. Peptide, heat-shock proteins, and dendritic cell vaccines collectively encapsulate the majority of research efforts involving vaccine-based treatment modalities. In this review, important recent findings for these vaccine types are discussed in the context of ongoing clinical trials. Broad challenges to immunotherapy are also considered.
    Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports 01/2015; 15(1):508.
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    ABSTRACT: Radiogenomics is a provocative new area of research based on decades of previous work examining the association between radiological and histological features. Many generalized associations have been established linking anatomical imaging traits with underlying histopathology, including associations between contrast-enhancing tumor and vascular and tumor cell proliferation, hypointensity on pre-contrast T1-weighted images and necrotic tissue, and associations between hyperintensity on T2-weighted images and edema or nonenhancing tumor. Additionally, tumor location, tumor size, composition, and descriptive features tend to show significant associations with molecular and genomic factors, likely related to the cell of origin and growth characteristics. Additionally, physiologic MRI techniques also show interesting correlations with underlying histology and genomic programs, including associations with gene expression signatures and histological subtypes. Future studies extending beyond simple radiology-histology associations are warranted in order to establish radiogenomic analyses as tools for prospectively identifying patient subtypes that may benefit from specific therapies.
    Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports 01/2015; 15(1):506.
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    ABSTRACT: Botulinum toxin (BoNT) has gained widespread use in a variety of neurological conditions. Parkinson's disease is a complex neurodegenerative disorder manifested by motor and non-motor symptoms that can cause significant disability. BoNT has been used to effectively treat a variety of symptoms related to Parkinson's disease. This review will examine the current therapeutic indications of BoNT use in the following disorders related to Parkinson's disease: cervical dystonia, blepharospasm and lid apraxia, focal hand dystonia, foot dystonia, laryngeal dystonia, oromandibular dystonia, camptocormia, hand and jaw tremor, sialorrhea, hyperhidrosis, dysphagia, constipation, and overactive bladder.
    Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports 01/2015; 15(1):511.
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    ABSTRACT: Since the discovery of aquaporin 4-IgG, a sensitive and highly specific biomarker of neuromyelitis optica (NMO), a wide range of syndromes have been recognized as being associated with this condition. This observation has led to new proposed terminology for the entire disorder, NMO spectrum disorders (NMOSD). The discovery of a pathogenic autoantibody and its target antigen has also facilitated basic research into the immunopathogenesis of the disease. Key advances include establishment of passive transfer animal models demonstrating the pathogenic potential of the autoantibody and confirming an important role of complement suggested by immunopathology of NMO brain lesions and of B-cell subsets, plasmablasts in particular. These discoveries have led to phase 1 clinical trials of targeted immunotherapy with potential for improved efficacy and less toxicity than current empiric immunosuppressant medications used to treat NMOSD. Randomized clinical trials are beginning to assess the efficacy and safety of a variety of immunotherapies in NMOSD. Therapeutic options are likely to increase, and improved outcomes in NMOSD patients are anticipated.
    Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports 09/2014; 14(9):483.
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    ABSTRACT: Low intracranial pressure headaches can, at times, be refractory to treatment including multiple blood patches and preventative medications. Imaging studies are often unable to demonstrate a cerebrospinal fluid leak that is causing headache and other associated symptoms. Onabotulinum toxin A (BTX) injection is a treatment that has proven efficacy for the treatment of chronic migraine and potentially other headache disorders. We report a patient with a long standing history of refractory low pressure headaches with brain imaging that demonstrated brain sag, and no CSF leak could be identified. She received no sustained benefit from numerous blood patches, and was unresponsive or intolerant to multiple preventative medications. With BTX treatment, the patient continued to have daily headaches, but her pain intensity improved from an average 7/10 to 3/10. This benefit has been sustained over 7 years. This case suggests that BTX may be an effective treatment for headaches due to low intracranial pressure. It also suggests that the beneficial effects of BTX in the treatment of headaches occur through a direct modulation of the nociceptive system rather than merely induction of pericranial muscle relaxation.
    Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports 09/2014; 14(9):477.
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    ABSTRACT: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic inflammatory disease of the central nervous system and represents one of the leading causes of neurologic disability in young adults. Current treatments for MS have shown limited efficacy in patients with either a progressive or an aggressive disease course. Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) has been proposed to control or even cure refractory cases of MS. Indeed, HSCT is able to temporarily eradicate the autoreactive cells and to reset the aberrant immune response to self-antigens. In the last decade, owing to the growing experience in selecting the most appropriate patients to transplant and the recent advances in chemotherapeutic and support regimens, the transplant-related mortality of autologous HSCT in MS patients dropped down to 1,3 % and the progression-free survival ranges from 47 % to 100 %. Altogether, these data support autologous HSCT as a possible second-line therapy for refractory MS.
    Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports 09/2014; 14(9):478.
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    ABSTRACT: Dementia is one of the major causes of personal, societal and financial dependence in older people and in today's ageing society there is a pressing need for early and accurate markers of cognitive decline. There are several subtypes of dementia but the four most common are Alzheimer's disease, Lewy body dementia, vascular dementia and frontotemporal dementia. These disorders can only be diagnosed at autopsy, and ante-mortem assessments of "probable dementia (e.g. of Alzheimer type)" are traditionally driven by clinical symptoms of cognitive or behavioural deficits. However, owing to the overlapping nature of symptoms and age of onset, a significant proportion of dementia cases remain incorrectly diagnosed. Misdiagnosis can have an extensive impact, both at the level of the individual, who may not be offered the appropriate treatment, and on a wider scale, by influencing the entry of patients into relevant clinical trials. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) may help to improve diagnosis by providing non-invasive and detailed disease-specific markers of cognitive decline. MRI-derived measurements of grey and white matter structural integrity are potential surrogate markers of disease progression, and may also provide valuable diagnostic information. This review summarises the latest evidence on the use of structural and diffusion MRI in differentiating between the four major dementia subtypes.
    Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports 09/2014; 14(9):475.
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    ABSTRACT: Hashimoto's encephalopathy (HE) is a syndrome of altered mental status, hallucinations, delusional thinking, and often, epileptic seizures. It is diagnosed by the clinical syndrome, the presence of elevated titers of antithyroid antibodies, the lack of another diagnosis based on clinical evaluation, and the response to corticosteroid and other immunosuppressant treatment. This review discusses the symptoms, pathophysiology, and treatment of HE. The disorder is important to recognize because aggressive treatment may bring about a favorable clinical outcome. The disorder has a relatively benign prognosis, compared with many of the entities for which it can be mistaken.
    Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports 09/2014; 14(9):476.
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    ABSTRACT: Cysts and cystic-appearing intracranial lesions are common findings with routine cerebral imaging examination. These lesions often represent a challenge in diagnosis. Intracranial cystic lesions have wide pathologic and imaging spectra, of which some require an aggressive and tailored treatment, whereas many others remain asymptomatic and do not require follow-up or intervention. Intracranial cysts can be divided in non-neoplastic lesions that are often of developmental origin but comprise as well infectious cysts and neoplastic lesions that include benign cysts associated with low-grade tumors and cysts as a component of higher grade neoplasms. Reviewed are the pathology, origin, radiologic appearance, differential diagnosis, and therapeutic aspects of intracranial cystic lesions.
    Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports 09/2014; 14(9):481.
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    ABSTRACT: Pediatric brain tumors are a leading cause of cancer-related death in children. In recent years, the application of next-generation sequencing and other high-throughput technologies to analysis of pediatric brain tumors has generated an abundance of molecular information. This has provided an unprecedented understanding of their biology and is refining tumor classification into clinically relevant subgroups. In this review, we provide an overview of our evolving molecular knowledge of the commonest pediatric brain tumors, pilocytic astrocytomas, ependymomas, medulloblastomas, and pediatric glioblastomas, as well as the biological and potential clinical implications of this new knowledge. Studies aimed at investigating intratumoral heterogeneity are also discussed.
    Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports 09/2014; 14(9):474.
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    ABSTRACT: Intracranial hypertension is caused by brain edema generated by different disorders, the commonest of which is traumatic brain injury. The treatment of brain edema focuses on drawing water out of brain tissue into the intravascular space. This is typically accomplished with osmolar therapy, most commonly mannitol and hypertonic saline. Recent human trials suggest that hypertonic saline may have a more profound and long-lasting effect in reducing intracranial hypertension following traumatic brain injury when compared with mannitol. However, reports suffer from inconsistencies in dose, frequency, concentration, and route of administration. Side effect profile, potential complications, and contraindications to administration need to be factored in when considering which first-line osmotherapy to choose for a given patient with head injury.
    Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports 09/2014; 14(9):482.
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    ABSTRACT: Over the last decade, there has been an emerging interest in the link between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and ocular health. Though the evidence for OSA playing a role in cerebrovascular disease risk seems clear, the same cannot be said for optic neuropathies. The association between OSA and glaucoma or non-arteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION) has been postulated to be secondary to direct hypoxia or mechanisms of optic nerve head vascular dysregulation. Papilledema and increased intracranial pressure have also been reported in OSA and are thought to be due to increased cerebral perfusion pressure and cerebral venous dilation secondary to hypoxia and hypercapnia. This article reviews the evidence for possible pathophysiological links between OSA and optic nerve pathology. The epidemiologic and clinical evidence for an association, direct or indirect, between OSA and glaucoma, non-arteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION), and papilledema or idiopathic intracranial hypertension is presented.
    Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports 08/2014; 14(8):465.
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    ABSTRACT: Botulinum toxin (BT) is a neurotoxin that paralyzes muscles by inhibiting release of acetylcholine from presynaptic vesicles at the neuromuscular junction. In people with multiple sclerosis (MS), clinical experience and research studies show that local injection of minute quantities of BT can temporarily control skeletal muscle spasticity, bladder detrusor hyperreflexia, and tremor. Specifically, BT injections have been shown to reduce muscle tone and improve passive function, and possibly improve active function, in patients with spasticity. Injection of BT into the bladder wall is a uniquely effective, safe, and durable treatment in patients with neurogenic detrusor hyperreflexia due to MS who have insufficient response or who do not tolerate oral antimuscarinic medications. This procedure has markedly reduced the need for indwelling catheters and bladder surgery. In addition, a recent study suggests BT may be effective for select patients with MS-associated upper extremity tremor. Appropriate use of BT can improve quality of life for many patients with MS.
    Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports 08/2014; 14(8):463.
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    ABSTRACT: Although humans have long valued creativity, the generation of such innovation is still incompletely understood. Looking at the healthy brain, researchers have localized certain parts for a basic understanding of these mechanisms. By researching the brain affected by neurological disease, scientists have observed unique manifestations of creativity, such as in frontotemporal lobar degeneration, Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease and parkinsonian spectrum disorders, and stroke, which help clarify these creative underpinnings. Incorporating both healthy and disease models of cerebral functioning, neurological and neuroscientific research from recent years has built on established theories and expanded current knowledge.
    Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports 08/2014; 14(8):464.