Veterinary Surgery Journal Impact Factor & Information

Publisher: American College of Veterinary Surgeons; European College of Veterinary Surgeons, Wiley

Journal description

Veterinary Surgery is a bimonthly journal focusing on continuing education within the broad field of veterinary surgery. Coverage includes surgical techniques, management of the surgical patient, diagnostic aids, infections, advances in metabolism, veterinary research and the history of the specialty.

Current impact factor: 1.04

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2016
2014 Impact Factor 1.041
2013 Impact Factor 0.989
2012 Impact Factor 1.242
2011 Impact Factor 1.265
2010 Impact Factor 1.437
2009 Impact Factor 1.572
2008 Impact Factor 1.664
2007 Impact Factor 1.432
2006 Impact Factor 1.121
2005 Impact Factor 1.211
2004 Impact Factor 0.993
2003 Impact Factor 1.196
2002 Impact Factor 1.045
2001 Impact Factor 0.779
2000 Impact Factor 0.957
1999 Impact Factor 1.273
1998 Impact Factor 1.09
1997 Impact Factor 1.149
1996 Impact Factor 1.241
1995 Impact Factor 0.697
1994 Impact Factor 0.54
1993 Impact Factor 0.496
1992 Impact Factor 0.522

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 1.53
Cited half-life 8.70
Immediacy index 0.21
Eigenfactor 0.00
Article influence 0.41
Website Veterinary Surgery website
Other titles Veterinary surgery (Online), Veterinary surgery, VS
ISSN 1532-950X
OCLC 45552058
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details


  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author cannot archive a post-print version
  • Restrictions
    • 12 months embargo
  • Conditions
    • Some journals have separate policies, please check with each journal directly
    • On author's personal website, institutional repositories, arXiv, AgEcon, PhilPapers, PubMed Central, RePEc or Social Science Research Network
    • Author's pre-print may not be updated with Publisher's Version/PDF
    • Author's pre-print must acknowledge acceptance for publication
    • Non-Commercial
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Publisher source must be acknowledged with citation
    • Must link to publisher version with set statement (see policy)
    • If OnlineOpen is available, BBSRC, EPSRC, MRC, NERC and STFC authors, may self-archive after 12 months
    • If OnlineOpen is available, AHRC and ESRC authors, may self-archive after 24 months
    • Publisher last contacted on 07/08/2014
    • This policy is an exception to the default policies of 'Wiley'
  • Classification
    ​ yellow

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objective: To evaluate the effects of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) on acute, full-thickness wound healing in dogs. Study design: Randomized block (dog); historical control. Animals: Adult male Beagles (n = 10). Methods: Two 2 × 2 cm(2) wounds were surgically created bilaterally on the trunk of each dog. Each side was randomized to receive LLLT (laser, LAS) or standard-of-care management (control, CON), 3 times weekly for 32 days. The LLLT consisted of a dual diode laser (7.5 mW/diode) at 635 nm and total energy density of 1.125 J/cm(2) . Wound planimetry was performed on the caudal wounds, from which percent contraction and percent epithelialization were calculated. Histologic features were evaluated at 7 time points from cranial wound biopsies. Experimental data were also compared to wounds from a historical female control cohort (historical control, HCON). Results: There was no difference between LAS and CON wounds for all parameters, including histology. The HCON wounds had significantly greater contraction and epithelialization compared to LAS and CON wounds. The LAS and CON wounds had significantly less inflammation than HCON wounds early in wound healing, but inflammation was significantly greater in LAS and CON wounds by day 21. Fibroblast infiltration and collagen deposition were significantly less in LAS and CON wounds than HCON wounds. Conclusion: There are no apparent beneficial effects of LLLT on the healing of acute wounds in healthy dogs using this LLLT protocol. Gender may influence wound healing in intact dogs.
    Veterinary Surgery 10/2015; DOI:10.1111/vsu.12407
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To compare early postoperative analgesia in dogs undergoing unilateral tibial plateau leveling osteotomy (TPLO) that received bupivacaine via preoperative femoral nerve block (FNB), combination femoral-sciatic nerve block (F+SNB), or lumbosacral epidural (EPI). Study design: Randomized, blinded, prospective clinical trial. Animals: Forty-five client-owned dogs undergoing unilateral TPLO. Methods: Dogs undergoing unilateral TPLO were enrolled and randomly allocated to 1 of 3 treatments: FNB, F+SNB, or EPI. Assessments were completed by an observer blinded to treatment at 0, 1, 2, 4, 6, and 8 hours after extubation using the Glasgow Composite Pain Score-Short Form (GCPS-SF). Dogs with a total score ≥6 or ≥3 in any category were given a rescue analgesic. Outcome measures analyzed for differences across treatments were the GCPS-SF at each time point, time to first rescue analgesic, and total number of rescue analgesic doses per dog. Results: The GCPS-SF score at extubation was significantly higher for FNB (median 3) compared to F+SNB (median 2). A significantly higher proportion of dogs receiving FNB (4/14) than F+SNB (0/17) required rescue analgesic at extubation. There was no significant difference in the proportion of dogs requiring rescue at extubation between FNB and EPI (2/14) or between F+SNB and EPI. There was no significant difference in the median time to first rescue between FNB (0 hours) and F+SNB (2 hours) or between F+SNB and EPI (1.5 hours). Conclusion: In dogs undergoing unilateral TPLO, bupivacaine administered via FNB, alone or in combination with sciatic nerve block, can provide short-term postoperative analgesia not different to that with administration via lumbosacral epidural.
    Veterinary Surgery 10/2015; DOI:10.1111/vsu.12406
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    ABSTRACT: Objective To compare clotting efficiency of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and concentrated platelet-poor plasma (cPPP) to citrated whole blood after activation by autologous thrombin, bovine thrombin, or calcium chloride (CaCl2).Study DesignExperimental study.AnimalsHealthy adult horses (n = 6).MethodsPRP and cPPP were prepared by commercial devices. Using thromboelastography, clotting variables were compared after activation of citrated autologous blood, PRP, and cPPP by autologous thrombin, bovine thrombin, or CaCl2, respectively.ResultsPRP had the greatest clot strength and quickest clot rate, whereas cPPP had the weakest clot strength, slowest clot rate, and longest clot initiation time. Bovine thrombin resulted in the shortest clot initiation time, quickest clot rate, and was similar to CaCl2 for greatest clot strength. CaCl2 also resulted in the longest clot initiation time and time to reach maximum clot strength. Autologous thrombin resulted in the lowest clot strength.Conclusion When combined with either bovine thrombin or CaCl2, PRP provided the best combinations for clinical use. Autologous thrombin was suboptimal, but could be an autologous alternative for clinical application. As prepared here, cPPP had inefficient clotting, but may be sufficient for plasma spray indications.
    Veterinary Surgery 10/2015; DOI:10.1111/vsu.12404
  • Suzanne Stewart · Dean Richardson · Ray Boston · Thomas P. Schaer
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    ABSTRACT: Objective To determine (1) survival to discharge of horses with radial fractures (excluding osteochondral fragmentation of the distal aspect of the radius and stress fractures); and (2) risk factors affecting survival to hospital discharge in conservative and surgically managed fractures.Study DesignCase series.AnimalsHorses (n = 54).Methods Medical records (1990–June 2012) and radiographs of horses admitted with radial fracture were reviewed. Horses with osteochondral fragmentation of the distal aspect of the radius or stress fractures were excluded. Evaluated risk factors were age, fracture configuration, surgical repair method, surgical duration, hospitalization time, implant failure rate, and surgical site infection (SSI) rate.ResultsOf 54 horses, overall survival to discharge was 50%. Thirteen (24%) were euthanatized on admission because of (1) fracture severity; (2) presence of an open fracture; or (3) financial constraints. Fourteen (26%) horses with minimally displaced incomplete fractures were conservatively managed and 12 (86%) survived to discharge. Twenty-seven (50%) horses had surgical treatment by open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) and 15 (56%) survived to hospital discharge. Open fractures were significantly more likely to develop SSI (P = .008), which also resulted in a 17-fold increase in implant failure (P < .005). Six of 8 surgically managed horses with an open fracture did not survive to discharge. Outcome was also adversely affected by age (P < .005) and surgical duration >168 minutes (P < .027). Presence of SSI trended toward a decreased survival rate (P = .09).Conclusion Prognosis for survival to discharge with minimally displaced incomplete fractures is good. Young horses have a good prognosis survival to discharge for ORIF, whereas ORIF in adult horses has a poor prognosis and SSI strongly correlates with catastrophic implant failure.
    Veterinary Surgery 10/2015; DOI:10.1111/vsu.12412
  • Frederik Langeneckert · Thomas Witte · Frank Schellenberger · Christian Czech · David Aebischer · Beatriz Vidondo · Christoph Koch
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    ABSTRACT: Objective To describe (1) preoperative findings and surgical technique, (2) intraoperative difficulties, and (3) postoperative complications and long-term outcome of equine cheek tooth extraction using a minimally invasive transbuccal screw extraction (MITSE) technique.Study DesignRetrospective case series.AnimalsFifty-four equids; 50 horses, 3 ponies, and 1 mule.Methods Fifty-eight MITSE procedures were performed to extract cheek teeth in 54 equids. Peri- and intraoperative difficulties, as well as short- (<1 month) and long-term (>6 months) postoperative complications were recorded. Followup information was obtained through telephone interviews, making specific inquiries about nasal discharge, facial asymmetry, and findings consistent with surgical site infection.ResultsPreoperative findings that prompted exodontia included 50 cheek teeth with apical infections, 48 fractures, 4 neoplasia, 2 displacements, and 1 supernumerary tooth. Previous oral extraction was attempted but had failed in 55/58 (95%) animals because of cheek tooth fracture in 28, or insufficient clinical crown for extraction with forceps in 27. MITSE was successful in removing the entire targeted dental structure in 47/58 (81%) procedures. However, MITSE failed to remove the entire targeted dental structure in 11/58 (19%) procedures and was followed by repulsion in 10/11 (91%). Short-term postoperative complications included bleeding (4/58 procedures, 7%) and transient facial nerve paralysis (4/58 procedures, 7%). Owners were satisfied with the functional and cosmetic outcome for 40/41 (98%) animals with followup.ConclusionMITSE offers an alternate for cheek tooth extraction in equids, where conventional oral extraction is not possible or has failed. Overall, there was low morbidity, which compares favorably with invasive buccotomy or repulsion techniques.
    Veterinary Surgery 10/2015; DOI:10.1111/vsu.12409
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    ABSTRACT: Objective To compare the biomechanical properties of a ventral transarticular lag screw fixation technique, a new dorsal atlantoaxial instability (AAI) clamp, and a new ventral AAI hook plate under sagittal shear loading after transection of the ligaments of the atlantoaxial joint.Study DesignCadaveric biomechanical study.AnimalsCanine cadavers (n = 10).Materials and Methods The occipitoatlantoaxial region of Beagles euthanatized for reasons unrelated to the study was prepared leaving only ligamentous structures and the joint capsules between the first 2 cervical vertebrae (C1 and C2). The atlanto-occipital joints were stabilized with 2 transarticular diverging positive threaded K-wires. The occipital bone and the caudal end of C2 were embedded in polymethylmethacrylate and loaded in shear to a force of 50 Newtons. The range of motion (ROM) and neutral zone (NZ) of the atlantoaxial joint were determined after 3 loading cycles with atlantoaxial ligaments intact, after ligament transection, and after fixation with each implant. The testing order of implants was randomly assigned. The implants tested last were subjected to failure testing.ResultsAll stabilization procedures decreased the ROM and NZ of the atlantoaxial joint compared to transected ligament specimens. Only stabilization with transarticular lag screws and ventral plates produced a significant reduction of ROM compare to intact specimens.Conclusion Fixation with transarticular lag screws and a ventral hook plate was biomechanically similar and provided more rigidity compared to dorsal clamp fixation. Further load cycling to failure tests and clinical studies are required before making clinical recommendations.
    Veterinary Surgery 09/2015; DOI:10.1111/vsu.12402
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    ABSTRACT: Objective To report and compare the duration of surgery, the frequency of complications, and the frequency of open conversion for elective surgeries performed with 2 laparoscopic techniques: a single incision port access system (SPAS) and a multiple port access system (MPAS) using a Veress needle.Study DesignRetrospective case series.AnimalsNinety-eight consecutive, client owned dogs.Methods Medical records of dogs undergoing an elective laparoscopic procedure were reviewed. Dogs were classified as SPAS or MPAS according to the initial surgical approach. Duration of surgery, intraoperative complications, reason for open conversion, and postoperative complications were recorded and compared.ResultsThe duration of surgery for SPAS gastropexy (P = .0039), ovariectomy (P = .0052), and gastropexy/ovariectomy combined (P = .0002) were significantly reduced compared to corresponding MPAS procedures. Nine splenic punctures occurred during MPAS. The frequency of intraoperative complications was significantly less for SPAS (0/44) than MPAS (12/54, P = .004). Elective conversion was performed because of gastric malpositioning in 1 dog and emergent conversion was required because of bleeding from the ovarian pedicle in 2 dogs (0/44 SPAS, 3/54 MPAS, P = .250). There were 14/76 dogs with followup to suture removal with postoperative complications, all incisional (7/31 SPAS, 7/45 MPAS, P = 1.0).Conclusion The use of SPAS for laparoscopy reduced surgical time and intraoperative complications in elective procedures.
    Veterinary Surgery 09/2015; DOI:10.1111/vsu.12373
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    ABSTRACT: Objective To assess intramedullary spinal pressure (IMP) in small breed dogs with thoracolumbar disk extrusion.Study DesignProspective cohort study.AnimalsSmall breed dogs (n = 14) with thoracolumbar disk extrusion undergoing hemilaminectomy and healthy chondrodystrophic laboratory dogs (control; n = 3) without spinal disease.Methods Diagnosis was based on clinical and neurological examinations and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and was confirmed intraoperatively. A standardized anesthesia protocol and surgical procedure were used to minimize factors that could influence IMP. Intramedullary pressure was measured through a minidurotomy at the site of spinal cord compression using a fiber optic catheter inserted perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the spinal cord. Measurements were taken after hemilaminectomy and again after removal of extruded disk material.ResultsAffected dogs had significantly higher IMP compared to control dogs (P = .008) and IMP decreased significantly post-decompression compared with initial values (P < .001). No correlation was found between IMP and neurologic grade, degree of spinal cord compression on MRI, or signal intensity changes on MRI.Conclusion Acute thoracolumbar disk extrusion is associated with increased IMP in small breed dogs and surgical decompression results in an immediate decrease of IMP.
    Veterinary Surgery 09/2015; DOI:10.1111/vsu.12399
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the ability of medical infrared imaging to differentiate between normal canine elbows and those with abnormal elbows (elbow dysplasia). Prospective cohort study. Dogs with normal (n = 15) and abnormal (n = 14) elbows. Infrared imaging was performed on all dogs and data analyzed via descriptive statistics and image pattern analysis software. Animals with elbow dysplasia had arthroscopic procedures to confirm the presence of elbow disease. Computer recognition pattern analysis was up to 100% correct in identifying abnormal elbows and normal elbows, with the medial images most consistent. The caudal, lateral, and cranial images correctly identified 83-100% abnormal elbows. The caudal and lateral images correctly identified 83% normal elbows. A significant difference in temperature was found between normal and abnormal elbows for the cranial full region of interest, lateral images, and each quadrant. Medical infrared imaging was able to correctly identify known abnormal and known normal elbows in dogs. © Copyright 2015 by The American College of Veterinary Surgeons.
    Veterinary Surgery 09/2015; 44(7). DOI:10.1111/vsu.12372
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    ABSTRACT: To describe a transthecal approach to the palmar pouch of the distal interphalangeal joint (DIPJ) in horses and compare it with the conventional blind arthroscopic technique. Ex vivo study. Cadaver forelimbs (n = 26 pairs) from mature horses. One limb from each pair was randomly assigned to each arthroscopic approach (conventional or transthecal). The conventional arthroscopic approach was performed as previously described and the transthecal approach was performed through sharp dissection of the distal reflection of the digital flexor tendon sheath (DFTS). The proportion (0-100%) of the navicular bone, palmar aspect of the condyles of the 2nd phalanx, collateral sesamoidean ligaments, and palmar synovial pouches of the DIPJ visualized by each approach was estimated. Limbs were dissected and iatrogenic damage of relevant structures was assessed. Nondirectional Mann-Whitney U-test was used to compare groups. Significance was set at P < .05. The transthecal approach provided greater visualization of the navicular bone (P < .001), palmar aspect of the 2nd phalanx (P < .001), and palmar synovial pouches of the DIPJ (P < .001) than the conventional approach. There were no significant differences in iatrogenic damage between approaches. The transthecal approach provides improved visualization of the palmar aspect of the DIPJ compared to the conventional blind approach and may be useful in nonseptic conditions of the DIPJ. However, because of the creation of communication with the DFTS, use of the transthecal approach for suspected synovial sepsis of the DIPJ may be contraindicated. © Copyright 2015 by The American College of Veterinary Surgeons.
    Veterinary Surgery 09/2015; DOI:10.1111/vsu.12398
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    ABSTRACT: To review complications in dogs with the Zürich cementless total hip arthroplasty (Z-THA) with ≥2 year followup, and compare complications between juvenile and adult dogs classified by age (≤11 and >11 months) at the time of original surgery. Retrospective case series. Three hundred and twenty-one dogs with 439 total hip arthroplasties. Medical records were reviewed from January 2002 to December 2007. Signalment, body weight and body condition score, implant size and positioning, and any complications were recorded. A step-up logistic regression analysis was performed for an outcome of any complication (yes/no). Predictors included were implant size, implant position, weight and body condition score before surgery, weight and body condition score change after surgery, breed, sex, and age. Four hundred and thirty-nine Z-THA were performed in 321 dogs. Mean (standard deviation) age was 8.5 (1.5) months, range 4.5–11 and 53.3 (31.2) months, range 12–132, for juvenile and adult dogs, respectively. Followup extended for a mean 47.8 (20.0) and 42.0 (13.5) months for juvenile and adults dogs, respectively, with complications recorded in 20% and 13% of Z-THA, respectively. All hips were successfully revised except for 2 explants in juvenile dogs and 2 in adult dogs. There were no statistical differences in the frequency of complications between juveniles or adult dogs, but the type of complication did appear to be different. From the logistic model, the probability of a complication increased with an increase in body condition score after surgery (P < .0001) and with an increase in the pre-surgery body condition score (P = .05), and decreased with an increase in weight after surgery (P = .05). The frequency of complications was less than 20% in juvenile and adult dogs and the frequency was not different across age groups. Complications were primarily related to the change (increase) in body condition score after surgery. Revision was successful in almost all dogs.
    Veterinary Surgery 09/2015; DOI:10.1111/vsu.12371
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    ABSTRACT: Objective To characterize bone height and buccal cortical bone thickness of the caudal mandible of healthy dogs.Study DesignProspective original study.Sample PopulationClient-owned dogs (n = 36).Methods Dogs were distributed by weight into 3 groups (<10, 10–20, >20 kg). Thirteen transverse plane computed tomography images were selected for each dog based on anatomic landmarks from the 4th premolar (PM4) through the 2nd molar. On each image, bone thickness was measured along the buccal surface of both mandibles from the alveolar margin to the ventral border in 3 mm increments. The number of 3 mm increments were recorded as an estimation of mandibular height.ResultsBuccal bone was generally thicker ventrally in the area studied with decreasing bone thickness over both roots of PM4 and the mesial root of the 1st molar (M1). Cortical bone thickness of <2.0 mm was measured across all groups at most locations 3 mm ventral from the alveolar margin. Mandibular bone height demonstrated significantly fewer (P < .05) 3 mm increments over the distal root of M1 in dogs >10 kg compared with the number of observations at the immediately mesial and distal locations.Conclusion Thin cortical bone overlying the mesial and distal roots of PM4 and the mesial root of M1 limits use of these areas for application of monocortical anchorage devices. Decreased mandibular bone height at mandibular M1 may create a stress riser at this location, which along with thin cortical bone may explain why this is a common area for mandibular fracture.
    Veterinary Surgery 09/2015; DOI:10.1111/vsu.12401
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    ABSTRACT: Objective To report the surgical repair of cor triatriatum sinister (CTS) incorporating heart-beating cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) in a cat.Study DesignClinical case report.AnimalFourteen-month-old, 5.9-kg male castrated Maine Coon cat.Materials and Methods The cat had a 3 month history of inappetance, weight loss, and recurrent pulmonary edema. CTS with severe systolic pulmonary arterial (SPA) hypertension (124 mm Hg) was diagnosed by 2D echocardiography, color flow and continuous wave Doppler modes, and left atrial and pulmonary angiography. Surgery was performed through a left intercostal thoracotomy. CPB was initiated and the heart was kept beating. The left atrial appendage was opened and the intra-atrial membrane was excised.ResultsAfter 48 hours, the cat was doing well. Reduced SPA pressure (52 mm Hg) with decreased right heart enlargement was observed on ultrasound examination and the cat was discharged 6 days after surgery with oral antibiotics for 10 days, aspirin, and furosemide. Four months after surgery, the cat presented with increased activity and weight gain and was completely asymptomatic. Transthoracic echocardiography showed a marked improvement of all echo-Doppler variables with disappearance of SPA hypertension (24 mm Hg). Four years after surgery, the cat was still doing well with no recurrence of clinical signs despite the lack of medical treatment.ConclusionCTS in the cat may be successfully treated by surgery facilitated by use of CPB leading to early and long-term substantial improvement in clinical status and cardiac function. CTS can safely be repaired under CPB in cats.
    Veterinary Surgery 09/2015; DOI:10.1111/vsu.12403
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    ABSTRACT: Objective To report the clinical findings and outcome of locking compression plate (LCP) fixation of tarsal subluxations in horses.Study DesignRetrospective case series.AnimalsHorses (n = 3) and ponies (2).Methods All horses and ponies diagnosed with tarsal subluxations and treated with LCP fixation at our institution between 2011 and 2013 were included. Data were collected from the medical records, including all radiographic and computed tomographic (CT) studies and reviewed. Long-term (>1 year) followup examination, including owner interview, and clinical and radiographic examinations were performed for all cases.ResultsSubluxations of the tarsometatarsal (n = 3) and proximal intertarsal (2) joints were diagnosed. CT examinations revealed complex joint injuries, including a combination of avulsion fragments and compression injuries at the opposite side of the joint from the subluxation. The LCP was applied to the plantarolateral or medial side of the limb. All horses survived and were discharged from the hospital. Short-term complications included mild laminitis (n = 1) and peroneus tertius rupture (2). At long-term followup, both ponies were sound and used as intended, whereas all horses showed mild to moderate lameness at the trot and were used for pleasure riding only. Radiographic signs of osteoarthritis developed in the joint affected by subluxation in all cases and in adjacent small tarsal joints in 2 horses and 1 pony.ConclusionLCP fixation of tarsal subluxations resulted in stable fixation and allowed adequate healing. Subluxation of the small tarsal joints represents a complex injury and osteoarthritis commonly develops in the affected and adjacent joints.
    Veterinary Surgery 09/2015; DOI:10.1111/vsu.12400
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    ABSTRACT: To describe the clinical signs and histologic changes in cats clinically affected with medial humeral epicondylitis (MHE) and evaluate long-term outcome after either conservative or surgical treatment. Prospective cohort study. Client-owned cats (n = 17) with MHE. Cats diagnosed with MHE, based on clinical signs, radiographs and computed tomography (CT), were prospectively recruited. Cats were treated conservatively for an initial 4 weeks, followed by either surgery or continued conservative treatment. Followup examinations were performed at 6 and 12 weeks and at 6-49 months. Cats had a mean age of 10.3 years and presented for chronic lameness. Examination revealed pain on palpation caudodistal to the medial epicondyle and by exerting antebrachial supination/pronation with elbow and carpal flexion. Lameness was restricted to 1 limb although CT revealed bilateral disease in 11/17 cats. Free mineralized joint bodies were identified in 9/17 cats. Nine cats were treated surgically and 8 cats were treated conservatively. Intraoperative findings included new bone formation at the origin of the humeral head of the flexor carpi ulnaris muscle with displacement and adhesions of the ulnar nerve. Microscopic examination revealed neurogenic myopathy in 4/9 cats treated surgically. Seven of 9 cats treated surgically were free from lameness by 12 weeks. Seven of 8 cats treated conservatively were chronically lame throughout the study. Cats with forelimb lameness should be evaluated for MHE. This condition is associated with free joint bodies and neurogenic myopathy. Surgical treatment is associated with excellent outcome in the majority of cats. © Copyright 2015 by The American College of Veterinary Surgeons.
    Veterinary Surgery 08/2015; DOI:10.1111/vsu.12370
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    ABSTRACT: To report short- and long-term complications and outcomes of dogs treated for tracheal collapse secondary to chondromalacia with extra-luminal rings (ELR) or intra-luminal stents (ILS). Retrospective cohort. Dogs with naturally occurring tracheal collapse (n = 103). Medical records (2002-2012) of dogs diagnosed with tracheal collapse that had treatment with ELR (n = 73) or ILS (30) were reviewed. Demographic information, procedural information, complications, survival time, and subjective outcomes were recorded. Follow-up periods were defined as <730 days (short-term) and >730 days (long-term). Ninety-two percent of dogs undergoing ELR and 100% of dogs undergoing ILS survived to hospital discharge. ELR dogs were significantly younger (P = .009) and significantly fewer had main-stem bronchial collapse (P < .001). After accounting for effects of age and presence of main-stem bronchial collapse, there was no significant difference in median survival time between groups. Dogs with main-stem bronchial collapse (regardless of treatment type) had a shorter survival time than dogs without main-stem bronchial collapse. Major complications occurred in ELR (42%) and ILS dogs (43%). Both ELR and ILS are associated with high complication rates. Younger dogs and dogs without main-stem bronchial collapse had a longer survival time, regardless of treatment. © Copyright 2015 by The American College of Veterinary Surgeons.
    Veterinary Surgery 08/2015; DOI:10.1111/vsu.12365
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    ABSTRACT: To compare 1) complications between 2 ureteral harvest techniques (ureteral papilla harvest [UPH] and ureteral transection [UT]); 2) to investigate the prevalence of kidney failure in a population of kidney donors; and 3) to evaluate owner satisfaction with commercially sourced cats adopted after kidney donation. Retrospective case series. Cats (n = 72) that had unilateral nephrectomy for kidney donation. Medical records were reviewed and information on short- and long-term complications and evidence of kidney failure was recorded. Clients were interviewed by telephone to ascertain their satisfaction with the adopted donor cats as pets. Seventy-two cats had unilateral nephrectomy. Forty-two owners were able to be contacted for survey data. Twenty-eight cats had complete medical records including serum BUN, creatinine, and urine specific gravity. For these 28 cats, mean age at nephrectomy was 1.9 years (median, 1.1 years; range, 0.5-9.3 years) and mean age at follow-up was 6.8 years (median, 5.1 years; range, 1.0-18.7 years). There was no difference in major or minor complication rates between UPH and UT techniques. Kidney failure occurred in 17.8% of cats. All owners were satisfied with the adopted donor cats, which were obtained from commercial facilities. UPH is a safe technique in cats being used for kidney donation. Commercially sourced cats make suitable pets after kidney donation. The prevalence of kidney failure in the donor population appears to be higher than that in the general population, but definitive conclusions cannot be made based on this study. Further, prospective study is needed to identify the true prevalence of kidney failure in cats after unilateral nephrectomy. © Copyright 2015 by The American College of Veterinary Surgeons.
    Veterinary Surgery 08/2015; DOI:10.1111/vsu.12362
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    ABSTRACT: To describe the diagnosis and surgical management of congenital laxity of the fibularis tendon resulting in hyperextension of the tarsus in calves. Case series. Fourteen calves (3 unilateral, 11 bilateral) diagnosed with congenital tarsal instability caused by laxity of the fibularis musculotendinous unit resulting in hyperextension of the tarsus. Diagnosis was made by clinical and radiologic assessments. The tarsus was surgically prepared and an incision made on the dorsal surface of the tarsus after intrathecal anesthesia with the calf sedated. A locking-loop suture (4 loops) was applied to the fibularis tendon using polyglactin 910. The free ends of the suture were then tied to the shank of a cortical bone screw inserted in the proximal metatarsus. The calves were evaluated on postoperative days 15, 30, and 60 and were walking normally. Congenital tarsal instability because of laxity of the fibularis musculotendoninous unit is described and surgical treatment directed at shortening the tendon shows promising results. © Copyright 2015 by The American College of Veterinary Surgeons.
    Veterinary Surgery 08/2015; DOI:10.1111/vsu.12366