The American journal of emergency medicine Impact Factor & Information

Publisher: WB Saunders

Journal description

A distinctive blend of practicality and scholarliness makes the American Journal of Emergency Medicine the best source of information on emergency medical care. Covering all activities concerned with emergency medicine, it is the journal to turn to for information to help increase the ability to understand, recognize and treat emergency conditions. Issues contain clinical articles, case reports, review articles, editorials, international notes, book reviews and more.

Current impact factor: 1.27

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2016
2014 Impact Factor 1.274
2013 Impact Factor 1.152
2012 Impact Factor 1.704
2011 Impact Factor 1.976
2010 Impact Factor 1.994
2009 Impact Factor 1.542
2008 Impact Factor 1.188
2007 Impact Factor 1.164
2006 Impact Factor 1.518
2005 Impact Factor 1.994
2004 Impact Factor 1.823
2003 Impact Factor 1.489
2002 Impact Factor 1.208
2001 Impact Factor 1.133
2000 Impact Factor 1.054
1999 Impact Factor 0.947
1998 Impact Factor 0.779
1997 Impact Factor 1.056
1996 Impact Factor 0.996
1995 Impact Factor 0.534
1994 Impact Factor 0.386
1993 Impact Factor 0.419
1992 Impact Factor 0.685

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 1.45
Cited half-life 6.40
Immediacy index 0.33
Eigenfactor 0.01
Article influence 0.49
Website American Journal of Emergency Medicine, The website
Other titles American journal of emergency medicine (Online), The American journal of emergency medicine
ISSN 1532-8171
OCLC 45483883
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

WB Saunders

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Pre-print allowed on any website or open access repository
    • Voluntary deposit by author of authors post-print allowed on institutions open scholarly website including Institutional Repository, without embargo, where there is not a policy or mandate
    • Deposit due to Funding Body, Institutional and Governmental policy or mandate only allowed where separate agreement between repository and the publisher exists.
    • Permitted deposit due to Funding Body, Institutional and Governmental policy or mandate, may be required to comply with embargo periods of 12 months to 48 months
    • Set statement to accompany deposit
    • Published source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to journal home page or articles' DOI
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Articles in some journals can be made Open Access on payment of additional charge
    • NIH Authors articles will be submitted to PubMed Central after 12 months
    • Authors who are required to deposit in subject-based repositories may also use Sponsorship Option
    • Publisher last reviewed on 03/07/2015
    • 'WB Saunders' is an imprint of 'Elsevier'
  • Classification

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objective: Because of concerns of high admission rates and adverse events in geriatric patients, hospitals may exclude this group from emergency department observation unit (EDOU) chest pain protocols. We sought to evaluate characteristics and outcomes of geriatric chest pain patients treated in an EDOU. Methods: We performed a prospective, observational study of chest pain patients admitted to our EDOU over a 36-month period. We recorded baseline demographics and risk factors as well as outcomes related to the EDOU stay. We performed 30-day follow-up using telephone contact and review of the electronic medical record. Results: Over the 36-month study period, 1276 chest pain patients agreed to participate in the study. Two hundred seventy-six patients (21.6%) were 65 years and older. Geriatric patients in the EDOU were more likely to report a history of coronary artery disease than nongeriatric patients (27.1% vs 11.6%, P<.001). There were no clinically significant adverse events nor deaths among geriatric patients. The proportion of geriatric patients who experienced myocardial infarction, stent, or coronary artery bypass graft during the EDOU stay or follow-up period was 4.7% vs 2.7% for nongeriatric patients (P=.09). Inpatient admission rates were significantly higher for geriatric patients (15.6% vs 9.7%, P=.006). Similarly, geriatric patients had higher rates of cardiac catheterization than did nongeriatric patients (13.4% vs 7.9%, P=.005). Conclusion: Geriatric patients with chest pain may represent a higher-risk group for evaluation in the EDOU. In our experience, however, these patients were safely evaluated in the EDOU setting and their inpatient admission rate fell within generally accepted guidelines.
    The American journal of emergency medicine 11/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.ajem.2015.10.010
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Studies have demonstrated low rates of emergency department (ED) epinephrine administration for anaphylaxis patients, suggestive of ED undertreatment of anaphylaxis. Our study assessed the appropriateness of ED epinephrine administration in anaphylaxis management. Methods: A prospective observational study was conducted involving ED patients presenting with possible allergic reactions. Patients and ED providers completed questionnaires regarding the suspected trigger, signs and symptoms, and prehospital treatment. Two board-certified allergists-immunologists independently reviewed the questionnaires, as well as electronic health records, to determine whether the cases represented anaphylaxis and whether ED epinephrine administration was appropriate. Results: Among 174 patients enrolled in the study, 61 (35%) were confirmed to have anaphylaxis. Overall, 47 anaphylaxis patients (77%) received epinephrine either before ED arrival or in the ED. In the latter situation, 24 anaphylaxis patients (39%) received epinephrine and 37 (61%) did not. Of the patients who received ED epinephrine, the allergists-immunologists determined that its administration was appropriate in all cases (95% confidence interval [CI], 83%-100%). Among the 37 patients who did not receive ED epinephrine, the allergists-immunologists determined that nonadministration of epinephrine was appropriate in 36 patients (97%; 95% CI, 84%-100%). The allergists-immunologists determined that overall, ED management was appropriate for 60 (98%) of 61 patients with anaphylaxis (95% CI, 90%-100%). Conclusions: Although more than 60% of anaphylaxis patients did not receive epinephrine in the ED, the allergists-immunologists deemed ED management appropriate in 98% of total cases. Previous retrospective studies may underestimate the appropriateness of ED anaphylaxis management, particularly when prehospital epinephrine administration is not reported.
    The American journal of emergency medicine 11/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.ajem.2015.10.003

  • The American journal of emergency medicine 11/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.ajem.2015.10.022
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background: We have found that there are usually 2 causes of acute dyspnea in our emergency department: (1) pulmonary infection only and (2) pulmonary infection in the setting of acute left ventricular heart failure (LVHF). These conditions are sometimes difficult to differentiate. Lung ultrasonography (LUS) is easily performed at the bedside and provides accurate information for diagnosis. In this study, we propose a simple B-line score to allow rapid differential diagnosis between these 2 lung conditions. Methods: A prospective, single-blind trial was conducted on 98 patients with acute dyspnea in the emergency department. Lung ultrasonography and transthoracic echocardiography were performed within 30 minutes after enrollment. The final clinical diagnosis was recorded for all patients. Using the Bedside Lung Ultrasound in Emergency protocol, we recorded the number of B lines at 4 standardized points. Based on the theory of Lichtenstein, scores of 1, 2, 3, and 4 were categorized by the number of B lines on a static screen (0 to <3, 3 to <6, 6 to <8, and ≥8, respectively). The B-line score of 4 Bedside Lung Ultrasound in Emergency protocol points was recorded, and the total B-line score was calculated. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used to evaluate the accuracy of the rapid ultrasound measurements for the final clinical diagnosis. Results: In our study, 27 patients were diagnosed with pulmonary infection and acute LVHF. The total number of B lines and the B-line score in patients with pulmonary infection in the setting of acute LVHF were 24.2±2.5 and 11.5±1.5, respectively, which were significantly higher than those in patients with pulmonary infection (12.5±6.4 and 7.2±1.9) (P=.000). In patients with pulmonary infection and acute LVHF, the effective diagnostic value of left ventricular ejection fraction and the total B-line score were similar (area under the ROC curve: 0.986 vs 0.962, P=.2607). The cutoff value of the total B-line score was 8, with a sensitivity of 80.7% and a specificity of 100%. A combination of LUS and echocardiography might improve the diagnostic accuracy (area under the ROC curve: 0.994; 95% confidence interval, 0.981-1.000; P=.000). Conclusions: This simple B-line score with LUS can help make a rapid differential diagnosis between pulmonary infection and pulmonary infection with acute LVHF. The diagnostic accuracy may be enhanced when used in conjunction with echocardiography.
    The American journal of emergency medicine 11/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.ajem.2015.10.050

  • The American journal of emergency medicine 11/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.ajem.2015.10.023

  • The American journal of emergency medicine 11/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.ajem.2015.10.057
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objective: The aim of the study was to compare ultrasonography (US) and surface landmark techniques for detecting the cricothyroid membrane (CTM) to perform a cricothyroidotomy on healthy volunteers. Methods: In this prospective observational study, 5 operators and 24 models were included. The borders of the CTM were marked with an invisible pen. The operators were asked to point the CTM either with the palpation method or the US-guided fashion. Results: The CTM was detected accurately in 80 (66.7%) attempts with palpation and 83 (69.2%) attempts with US. There was no statistically significant difference in the accuracy of detection of the CTM with palpation and US. The mean time for detecting the CTM with palpation was 8.25 ± 4.8 seconds (95% confidence interval, 7.3-9.1). The mean time for detecting CTM with US was 17 ± 9.2 seconds (95% confidence interval, 15.3-18.7). The duration for detecting the localization of the CTM was longer with US. Conclusion: According to the results of this study, the accuracy of US and palpation was similar in detecting the localization of the CTM. However, the duration for detecting the CTM was longer with US when compared with the palpation technique.
    The American journal of emergency medicine 11/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.ajem.2015.10.054
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives: The level of soluble urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR) is significantly increased in sepsis. We investigated whether suPAR could be a valuable biomarker in sepsis. Methods: We measured suPAR and procalcitonin (PCT) levels, recorded the Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE) II and Sequential Organ Failure Assessment scores of engaged subjects, and drew Receiver Operating Characteristics curves. Results: The plasma suPAR and serum PCT levels of the sepsis group were higher than those of the systemic inflammatory response syndrome and control groups. Using suPAR to distinguish systemic inflammatory response syndrome from sepsis on day 1, the area under the curve (AUC) curve was 0.817, and when suPAR and PCT were used in combination to diagnose sepsis, the AUC was 0.927. At a cutoff point of 9.52 ng/mL, the sensitivity and specificity for diagnosis of sepsis using suPAR were 71.93% and 95.46%, respectively. At a cutoff point of 12.01 ng/mL, the sensitivity and specificity for distinguishing survival and mortality by suPAR were 87.1% and 72.5%, respectively. When suPAR and the APACHE II score were combined to distinguish survival from mortality, the AUC was 0.857. The plasma suPAR level was positively correlated with the serum PCT level (r = 0.326, P < .001), APACHE II score (r = 0.492, P < .001), and Sequential Organ Failure Assessment score (r = 0.386, P < .001). Conclusions: Use of both plasma suPAR and PCT levels enhanced the efficiency of sepsis diagnosis, and the combination of plasma suPAR and APACHE II score improved mortality prediction.
    The American journal of emergency medicine 11/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.ajem.2015.11.004

  • The American journal of emergency medicine 11/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.ajem.2015.10.015

  • The American journal of emergency medicine 11/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.ajem.2015.10.058
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background: Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest is a leading cause of mortality and serious neurological morbidity in Europe. We aim to investigate the effect of 3 cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) feedback devices on effectiveness of chest compression during CPR. Methods: This was prospective, randomized, crossover, controlled trial. Following a brief didactic session, 140 volunteer nurses inexperienced with feedback CPR devices attempted chest compression on a manikin using 3 CPR feedback devices (TrueCPR, CPR-Ezy, and iCPR) and standard basic life support (BLS) without feedback. Results: Comparison of standard BLS, TrueCPR, CPR-Ezy, and iCPR showed differences in the effectiveness of chest compression (compressions with correct pressure point, correct depth, and sufficient decompression), which are, respectively, 37.5%, 85.6%, 39.5%, and 33.4%; compression depth (44.6 vs 54.5 vs 45.6 vs 39.6 mm); and compression rate (129.4 vs 110.2 vs 101.5 vs 103.5 min(-1)). Conclusions: During the simulated resuscitation scenario, only TrueCPR significantly affected the increased effectiveness compression compared with standard BLS, CPR-Ezy, and iCPR. Further studies are required to confirm the results in clinical practice.
    The American journal of emergency medicine 11/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.ajem.2015.11.003
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Imaging in acute stroke has traditionally focussed on the 4Ps-parenchyma, pipes, perfusion, and penumbra-and has increasingly relied upon advanced techniques including magnetic resonance imaging to evaluate such patients. However, as per European Magnetic Resonance Forum estimates, the availability of magnetic resonance imaging scanners for the general population in India (0.5 per million inhabitants) is quite low as compared to Europe (11 per million) and United States (35 per million), with most of them only present in urban cities. On the other hand, computed tomography (CT) is more widely available and has reduced scanning duration. Computed tomography angiography of cervical and intracranial vessels is relatively simpler to perform with extended coverage and can provide all pertinent information required in such patients. This imaging review will discuss relevant imaging findings on CT angiography in patients with acute ischemic stroke through illustrated cases.
    The American journal of emergency medicine 11/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.ajem.2015.10.056

  • The American journal of emergency medicine 11/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.ajem.2015.11.002

  • The American journal of emergency medicine 10/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.ajem.2015.10.024

  • The American journal of emergency medicine 10/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.ajem.2015.09.039
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives: Delaying appendectomy is a controversial issue. This study aimed at identifying the effect of time delays in surgery, especially for patients with noncomplicated appendicitis on computed tomography (CT). Methods: Postappendectomy patients were analyzed from October 2013 to August 2014. Among the patients, data of those with findings of noncomplicated appendicitis on CT were gathered and the following time parameters were reviewed: CT examination time and appendectomy time. Other basic information and postoperative complications were checked. Patients were divided into a noncomplicated appendicitis group and a complicated appendicitis group. Perforated appendicitis and periappendiceal abscesses were regarded as complicated appendicitis. All other appendicitis from simple, focal to suppurative, and gangrenous appendicitis were regarded as noncomplicated appendicitis. Results: In total, 397 patients were enrolled. The mean age was 33.2 years and the number of male/female patients was 216:181, respectively. The mean times from CT to operation were 5.9 vs 6.3hours for both the noncomplicated and complicated appendicitis groups (P=.758). The time from CT to operation showed no statistical relation to occurrences of complicated appendicitis, or postoperative complications such as ileuses, wound complications, and length of hospital stay. Conclusions: The time from CT to operation has no effect on the results of appendicitis. Further study in large-scaled, multicenter setting might yield more reliable results.
    The American journal of emergency medicine 10/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.ajem.2015.10.009

  • The American journal of emergency medicine 10/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.ajem.2015.10.001
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives: Prehospital pediatric airway management is difficult and controversial. Options include bag-mask ventilation (BMV), endotracheal tube (ETT), and laryngeal mask airway (LMA). Emergency Medical Services personnel report difficulty assessing adequacy of BMV during transport. Capnography, and capnograph tracings in particular, provide a measure of real-time ventilation currently used in prehospital medicine but have not been well studied in pediatric patients or with BMV. Our objective was to compare pediatric capnographs created with 3 airway modalities. Methods: This was a prospective study of pediatric patients requiring ETT or LMA ventilation during elective surgical procedures. Data were collected during BMV using 2 bag types (flow-inflating and self-inflating). The ETT or LMA was placed and ventilation with each bag type repeated. Ten- to 14-second capnographs were reviewed by 2 blinded anesthesiologists who were asked to assess ventilation and identify the airway and bag type used. Descriptive statistics, κ, and risk ratios were calculated. Results: Twenty-nine patients were enrolled. Median age was 4.4 years (2 months to 16.8 years). One hundred sixteen capnographs were reviewed. Reviewers were unable to differentiate between airway modalities and agreed on adequacy of ventilation 77% of the time (κ = 0.6, P < .001). Bag-mask ventilation was rated inadequate more frequently than ETT or LMA ventilation. There were no difference between ETT and LMA ventilation and no difference between the 2 bag types. Conclusion: Capnographs are generated during BMV and are virtually identical to those produced with ETT or LMA ventilation. Attention to capnographs could improve outcomes during emergency treatment and transport of critically ill pediatric patients requiring ventilation with any of these airway modalities.
    The American journal of emergency medicine 10/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.ajem.2015.09.012