The American journal of emergency medicine (Am J Emerg Med )

Publisher: Elsevier

Description

A distinctive blend of practicality and scholarliness makes the American Journal of Emergency Medicine the best source of information on emergency medical care. Covering all activities concerned with emergency medicine, it is the journal to turn to for information to help increase the ability to understand, recognize and treat emergency conditions. Issues contain clinical articles, case reports, review articles, editorials, international notes, book reviews and more.

  • Impact factor
    1.54
  • 5-year impact
    0.00
  • Cited half-life
    8.10
  • Immediacy index
    0.26
  • Eigenfactor
    0.01
  • Article influence
    0.46
  • Website
    American Journal of Emergency Medicine, The website
  • Other titles
    American journal of emergency medicine (Online), The American journal of emergency medicine
  • ISSN
    1532-8171
  • OCLC
    45483883
  • Material type
    Document, Periodical, Internet resource
  • Document type
    Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Elsevier

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Voluntary deposit by author of pre-print allowed on Institutions open scholarly website and pre-print servers
    • Voluntary deposit by author of authors post-print allowed on institutions open scholarly website including Institutional Repository
    • Deposit due to Funding Body, Institutional and Governmental mandate only allowed where separate agreement between repository and publisher exists
    • Set statement to accompany deposit
    • Published source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to journal home page or articles' DOI
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Articles in some journals can be made Open Access on payment of additional charge
    • NIH Authors articles will be submitted to PMC after 12 months
    • Authors who are required to deposit in subject repositories may also use Sponsorship Option
    • Pre-print can not be deposited for The Lancet
  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • The American journal of emergency medicine 05/2014; 32(5):483.
  • The American journal of emergency medicine 04/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We aimed to evaluate whether hepatic transaminase levels could predict the presence and severity of liver injury following abdominal trauma. We performed a retrospective analysis of 75 surgically treated patients and 21 non-surgically treated patients with liver injury who were managed between 2004 and 2012. We retrieved demographic, laboratory, radiologic, and intraoperative data, as well as surgical procedures and the outcome from the patients' medical records. We compared the findings between patients divided into 2 groups according to the severity of liver injury: group 1, including patients with Grade 1 or 2 liver injuries; and group 2, including patients with grade 3 to 5 liver injury. There were 87 (90.6%) males and 9 (9.4%) females. The mean age was 34 years (range, 17-90 years). The overall mortality rate was 14.6% (n = 14). The injury was blunt in 83 patients (86.5%) and penetrating in 13 patients (13.5%). There were multiple traumas in 60 patients (62.5%). Overall, 43 patients (44.8%) had a total of 61 coexisting intraabdominal injuries. The circulating aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) levels were significantly higher in group 2 than in group 1. In patients with abdominal trauma, abnormal hepatic transaminase and LDH levels are associated with liver injury. Alanine aminotransferase ≤76 U/L, aspartate aminotransferase <130 U/L, and LDH ≤410 U/L are predictive of low-grade liver injury, and patients with serum liver levels below these levels can be managed conservatively.
    The American journal of emergency medicine 04/2014;
  • The American journal of emergency medicine 04/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Blood urea nitrogen (BUN)/creatinine (Cr) ratio was recently reported to be an independent predictor of stroke-in-evolution (SIE) among patients who had suffered acute ischemic stroke. We aim to determine if providing hydration therapy to patients with a BUN/Cr ≥15 reduces the occurrence of SIE after acute ischemic stroke. This prospective interventional study included 189 patients (hydration group, n = 92; control group, n = 97) with acute ischemic stroke and a BUN/Cr ≥15. Hydration group received intravenous bolus (300-500 mL) saline followed by a maintenance saline infusion (40-80 mL/h for the first 72 h), while control group received maintenance saline infusion (40-60 mL/h for the first 24 h and 0-60 mL/h for 24-72 h). The study endpoint was the proportion of patients who developed SIE within the first three days of emergency department admission. There were no significant differences in demographic or clinical characteristics between both groups. Patients in the hydration group received a significantly larger (all P < 0.001) median volume of infused saline than patients in the control group on Days 1 (2400 vs 1440 mL), 2 (1440 vs 0 mL), and 3 (1000 vs 0 mL). The proportion of patients who experienced SIE was significantly lower in the hydration group (9/92; 9.8%) compared with the control group (21/97; 21.6%) (Fig. 1, P = 0.026). Our preliminary findings suggest that providing patients with acute ischemic stroke hydration therapy on the basis of their presenting BUN/Cr ratio may help reduce the occurrence of SIE and therefore improve prognosis.
    The American journal of emergency medicine 04/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Parasite infestation is still associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Hookworm infestation is a very rare cause of pancreatitis. This parasitic infestation might be asymptomatic. Acute pancreatitis as a result of the hookworms migrating into the ampulla of Vater with chronic inflammantion was very rare complication. We report a case of hookworm infestation that was associated with significant complication of recurrent pancreatitis. The patient was treated with mebendazole. He was asymptomatic and had gained weight at the three month follow-up. Our case demonstrates that pancreatitis secondary to hookworm infection can occur and may resolve after anthelmintic treatment.
    The American journal of emergency medicine 04/2014;
  • The American journal of emergency medicine 04/2014;
  • The American journal of emergency medicine 04/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Allergic reactions due to drug intake are responsible from an important amount of emergency admissions. Patients mostly complain of urticarial lesions. But clinical picture may sometimes include a large scale of signs and symptoms ranging from a simple confusion to serious conditions like coma, and even cardiopulmonary arrest. In this paper, a case of anaphylactic shock and respiratory arrest after lansoprazole intake is presented. Delays in reaching basic and advanced life support decrease chance of positive results of life support in anaphylactic shock victims. It is important to remember that any medication we usually prescribe in our daily practice for treatment of any disease has a potential to kill the patient.
    The American journal of emergency medicine 04/2014;
  • The American journal of emergency medicine 04/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Cigarette smoking remains the leading cause of preventable death in the United States, and tobacco use rates are known to be higher among emergency department (ED) patients than in the general population. Despite recommendations from the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine and the American College of Emergency Physicians, many emergency clinicians remain uncertain about the benefits of providing ED-based smoking cessation interventions. To address this gap in knowledge, we performed a systematic review of cessation interventions initiated in the adult or pediatric ED setting. We conducted an electronic search of the MEDLINE and CINAHL databases through February 2014 and hand searched references from potentially relevant articles. We identified eligible studies, evaluated bias and validity, and extracted data and synthesized findings. Seventeen studies underwent critical appraisal, with 13 included in qualitative synthesis. The majority (11/13, 85%) of investigations did not report significant differences in tobacco abstinence between cessation intervention groups. The 2 studies reporting significant differences in cessation both used motivational interviewing-based interventions. Two studies evaluated patient satisfaction with ED-based tobacco cessation interventions, and both reported greater than 90% satisfaction. Findings indicate that ED visits in combination with ED-initiated tobacco cessation interventions are correlated with higher cessation rates than those reported in the National Health Interview Survey. Clear data supporting the superiority of one intervention type were not identified. Lack of a standardized control group prevented quantitative evaluation of pooled data, and future research is indicated to definitively evaluate intervention efficacy.
    The American journal of emergency medicine 04/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The benefit of antibiotic prophylaxis for simple hand lacerations (lacerations that do not involve special structures) has not been adequately studied. To assess the feasibility of a randomized controlled trial to determine the role of antibiotic prophylaxis in emergency department (ED) patients with simple hand lacerations. Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled pilot trial in 2 urban academic EDs. Adult (≥18 years old) patients with simple hand lacerations were randomized to cephalexin, 500 mg; clindamycin, 300 mg; or placebo (every 6 hours for 7 days, all in identical capsules). Outcomes: (1) feasibility determined by the number of patients who agreed to enroll and number of patients who completed follow-up, (2) infection rate (determined by 2 physicians at 10-14 days), (3) satisfaction with wound appearance (measured by a visual analogue scale at 30 days via phone). Medians, quartiles, and percentages with 95% confidence intervals (CI) were used to present data. Groups were compared with Kruskal-Wallis and Fisher exact tests, when appropriate. Over a 5-month period, 123 patients were approached, and 78 consented to enrollment (63%; 95% CI, 55-71%). Five were lost to follow-up (5/78, 6%; 95% CI, 2%-14%). Only one patient had infection on follow-up for an infection rate of 1% (95% CI, 0.01%-8%). Patient's satisfaction with wound appearance did not differ among the groups. The findings of this pilot study support the feasibility of a randomized, double-blind, controlled trial. The low rate of infection suggests the need of a large sample size for the trial.
    The American journal of emergency medicine 04/2014;
  • The American journal of emergency medicine 04/2014;
  • The American journal of emergency medicine 04/2014;
  • The American journal of emergency medicine 04/2014;
  • The American journal of emergency medicine 03/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Spontaneous ureteral rupture is defined as non-traumatic urinary leakage from the ureter. This is a diagnosis that, although uncommon, is important for emergency physicians to know about. The literature is relatively sparse. This was a retrospective review of patients who were diagnosed with spontaneous ureteral rupture. From 2006 to 2012, 18 patients were diagnosed by radiography (computed tomography or intravenous urogram) with spontaneous ureteral rupture. These cases all showed extravasation of the contrast outside the excretory system. We evaluated underlying causes, diagnostic and therapeutic procedures, and outcomes. There were 9 men and 9 women with a median age of 59 years (range, 22-82 years). In 56% of patients, a ureteral stone was the cause; in 17% of, a ureteral stricture; in 1 patient, a ureteral tumor; and in the remaining 22%, no cause was identified. In 13 patients (72.2%), primary ureteroscopy to place D-J stents was performed. The average duration of ureteral catheter stenting was 21 days (range, 8-45 days). The other 5 patients (27.8%) were managed conservatively with antibiotic treatment and the outcome was good. Ureteral stones most commonly cause spontaneous ureteral rupture. In our experience, most patients received ureteroscopy and Double-J stenting. Conservative management with antibiotics also had good outcomes. Most patients had sudden onset of abdominal or flank pain. Spontaneous ureteral rupture should be kept in the differential diagnosis of patients with acute abdominal or flank pain in the emergency department.
    The American journal of emergency medicine 03/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Although electronic health record systems (EHRs) and emergency department information systems (EDISs) enable safe, efficient, and high-quality care, these systems have not yet been studied well. Here, we assessed (1) the prevalence of EHRs and EDISs, (2) changes in efficiency in emergency medical practices after introducing EHR and EDIS, and (3) barriers to and expectations from the EHR-EDIS transition in EDs of medical facilities with EHRs in Japan. A survey regarding EHR (basic or comprehensive) and EDIS implementation was mailed to 466 hospitals. We examined the efficiency after EHR implementation and perceived barriers and expectations regarding the use of EDIS with existing EHRs. The survey was completed anonymously. Totally, 215 hospitals completed the survey (response rate, 46.1%), of which, 76.3% had basic EHRs, 4.2% had comprehensive EHRs, and 1.9% had EDISs. After introducing EHRs and EDISs, a reduction in the time required to access previous patient information and share patient information was noted, but no change was observed in the time required to produce medical records and the overall time for each medical care. For hospitals with EHRs, the most commonly cited barriers to EDIS implementation were inadequate funding for adoption and maintenance and potential adverse effects on workflow. The most desired function in the EHR-EDIS transition was establishing appropriate clinical guidelines for residents within their system. To attract EDs to EDIS from EHR, systems focusing on decreasing the time required to produce medical records and establishing appropriate clinical guidelines for residents are required.
    The American journal of emergency medicine 03/2014;

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