Journal of Environmental Science and Health Part A Toxic/Hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

Journal description

With articles ranging from notes to completed studies, Toxic/Hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering is a comprehensive journal that provides an international forum for the rapid publication of essential information - including the latest engineering innovations, effects of pollutants on health, control systems, laws, and projections pertinent to environmental problems whether in the air, water, or soil. This timely journal offers answers to serious contemporary environmental issues.

Current impact factor: 1.14

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2015
2013 / 2014 Impact Factor 1.135
2012 Impact Factor 1.252
2011 Impact Factor 1.19
2010 Impact Factor 1.107
2009 Impact Factor 1.363
2008 Impact Factor 1.002
2007 Impact Factor 0.967
1996 Impact Factor 0.58
1995 Impact Factor 0.615
1994 Impact Factor 0.467
1993 Impact Factor 0.616
1992 Impact Factor 0.354

Impact factor over time

Impact factor
Year

Additional details

5-year impact 0.00
Cited half-life 0.00
Immediacy index 0.00
Eigenfactor 0.00
Article influence 0.00
Website Journal of Environmental Science and Health - Part A: Toxic/Hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering website
Other titles Journal of environmental science and health., Toxic hazardous substances and environmental engineering, Toxic/hazardous substances & environmental engineering
ISSN 1532-4117
OCLC 50757651
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Taylor & Francis

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    • The publisher will deposit in on behalf of authors to a designated institutional repository including PubMed Central, where a deposit agreement exists with the repository
    • STM: Science, Technology and Medicine
    • Publisher last contacted on 25/03/2014
    • This policy is an exception to the default policies of 'Taylor & Francis'
  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Response surface methodology (RSM) was used to optimize the operating conditions of an anaerobic-anoxic-oxic (A(2)/O) process by maximizing the removal efficiency of tetracycline (TC). Solid retention time (SRT), hydraulic retention time (HRT) and initial TC concentration (CTC, in) were selected as independent variables for incorporation in the Box-Behnken design. The results showed SRT and CTC, in were more significant parameters than HRT for the removal efficiency of TC. TC could be completely removed under the optimal conditions of an SRT of 15.5 days, an HRT of 9.9 h and a CTC, in of 283.3 μg L(-1). TC removal efficiencies of 99% and 96% were attained for synthetic and real wastewater, respectively, under the optimal conditions. This indicated the constructed model was validated and reliable for optimizing the A(2)/O process for TC removal.
    Journal of Environmental Science and Health Part A Toxic/Hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering 06/2015; 50(7):735-43. DOI:10.1080/10934529.2015.1011981
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    ABSTRACT: The hydrogeochemical conditions of a large flatland-type ash dump (Eastern Siberia, Russia) were studied. High-alkalinity sulphate water with high calcium content was found to infiltrate into the aquifer from the ash dump. The water was transformed into neutral bicarbonate solutions. Simulation of physicochemical interactions of the clarified water with ash, sandstone, and soil demonstrated that the composition of the resulting simulated solutions is similar to composition of the transformed clarified water leaking into the aquifer, and moving at various distances from their place of infiltration towards the discharge area.
    Journal of Environmental Science and Health Part A Toxic/Hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering 06/2015; 50(7):719-27. DOI:10.1080/10934529.2015.1011969
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    ABSTRACT: The present study was to evaluate the effect of bisphenol A (BPA) at the doses 1, 10, 100 and 200 µg mL(-1) on the bovine spermatozoa motility, viability and production of superoxide radical. The CASA system was used to determine the spermatozoa motility. The initial motility showed the significant differences (P < 0.001) between the groups higher than 100 µg BPA mL(-1) and the control group. Evaluation of the spermatozoa motility after 6 h of cultivation at the doses > 10 µg BPA mL(-1) was found to decrease motility significantly. After 24 h it was observed that the doses < 10 µg BPA mL(-1) statistically increased motility, while the doses > 100 µg BPA mL(-1) significantly decreased motility in comparison to control. The viability of spermatozoa as detected by the MTT assay decreased in all experimental groups, but significant differences were noted only at the highest doses of BPA after 24 h of in vitro cultivation. The intracellular superoxide production was observed by the NBT test after 24 h of BPA exposure. The results indicated that in all experimental groups the amount of superoxide increased as compared to the control group; significant changes were observed at the doses > 100 µg BPA mL(-1). In conclusion, the results from our experiments suggest the negative effects of BPA at the highest doses used on motility and viability of bovine spermatozoa and production of superoxide radical.
    Journal of Environmental Science and Health Part A Toxic/Hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering 06/2015; 50(7):669-76. DOI:10.1080/10934529.2015.1011963
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    ABSTRACT: The effects of cyclic duration and pH on biological hydrogen production were investigated in an anaerobic sequencing batch reactor. Experiments were conducted using cyclic duration of (4, 8, and 12 h) in combination with pH (4, 5, and 6) in a 3 × 3 factorial design, while hydraulic retention time and organic loading rate were maintained at 24 h and 10.3 g COD L(-1).d(-1), respectively. At pH 4, the effect of cyclic duration on hydrogen production was found to be insignificant. However, in runs with pH 5 and 6, a shorter cyclic duration of 4 h led to lower hydrogen productivity. The operational condition (pH 6, cyclic duration 12 h) induced higher hydrogen production rate of 2.3 ± 0.6 L H2/L reactor.d, whereas higher hydrogen yield of 2.2 ± 0.4 mol H2/mol sucrose was achieved at pH 5 and the same 12 h cyclic duration. The differences in hydrogen production were not statistically significant between 8 h and 12 h cyclic duration. Higher hydrogen production rates were associated with biomass (mixed liquor volatile suspended solids) concentration ranging from 8-13 g L(-1), but further increase in biomass growth was not accompanied by increased hydrogen production. Furthermore, a food-to-microorganism ratio of 0.84 was found to result in higher hydrogen production rate.
    Journal of Environmental Science and Health Part A Toxic/Hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering 06/2015; 50(7):750-6. DOI:10.1080/10934529.2015.1012001
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    ABSTRACT: Antibiotic resistance of fecal coliforms in an urban river poses great threats to both human health and the environment. To investigate the occurrence and distribution of antibiotic resistant bacteria in an urban river, water samples were collected from the Chanhe River in Xi'an, China. After membrane filtration of water samples, the tetracycline resistance rate of fecal coliforms and their resistance genes were detected by plating and polymerase chain reaction (PCR), respectively. We found that fecal coliforms were generally resistant to tetracycline and saw average resistance rates of 44.7%. The genes tetA and tetB were widely detected, and their positive rate was 60%-100% and 40%-90%, respectively. We found few strains containing tetC, tetK, tetQ and tetX, and we did not identify any strains containing tetG, tetM or tetO. The prevalence of tetA and tetB over other genes indicated that the main mechanism for resistance to tetracycline is by changes to the efflux pump. Our analysis of the types and proportion of tetracycline resistance genes in the Chanhe River at locations upstream and downstream of the urban center suggests that the increased number of tetracycline-resistant fecal coliforms and spatial variation of tetracycline resistance genes diversity were related to municipal wastewater treatment plant discharge.
    Journal of Environmental Science and Health Part A Toxic/Hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering 06/2015; 50(7):744-9. DOI:10.1080/10934529.2015.1011995
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    ABSTRACT: The specific aims of this paper are to: (i) quantify the effects of various long range transport pathways nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and particulate matter with diameter less than 10μm (PM10) concentrations in Ireland and identify air mass movement corridors which may lead to incidences poor air quality for application in forecasting; (ii) compare the effects of such pathways at various sites; (iii) assess pathways associated with a period of decreased air quality in Ireland. The origin of and the regions traversed by an air mass 96h prior to reaching a receptor is modelled and k-means clustering is applied to create air-mass groups. Significant differences in air pollution levels were found between air mass cluster types at urban and rural sites. It was found that easterly or recirculated air masses lead to higher NO2 and PM10 levels with average NO2 levels varying between 124% and 239% of the seasonal mean and average PM10 levels varying between 103% and 199% of the seasonal mean at urban and rural sites. Easterly air masses are more frequent during winter months leading to higher overall concentrations. The span in relative concentrations between air mass clusters is highest at the rural site indicating that regional factors are controlling concentration levels. The methods used in this paper could be applied to assist in modelling and forecasting air quality based on long range transport pathways and forecast meteorology without the requirement for detailed emissions data over a large regional domain or the use of computationally demanding modelling techniques.
    Journal of Environmental Science and Health Part A Toxic/Hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering 06/2015; 50(7):647-58. DOI:10.1080/10934529.2015.1011955
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    ABSTRACT: Commercially available microcrystalline TiO2 was doped with silver, ferrous and ferric ion (1.0 mol %) using silver nitrate, ferrous sulfate and ferric nitrate solutions following the liquid impregnation technology. The catalysts prepared were characterised by FESEM, XRD, FTIR, DRS, particle size and micropore analysis. The photocatalytic activity of the prepared catalysts was tested on the degradation of two model dyes, methylene blue (3,7-bis (Dimethylamino)-phenothiazin-5-ium chloride, a cationic thiazine dye) and methyl blue (disodium;4-[4-[[4-(4-sulfonatoanilino)phenyl]-[4-(4-sulfonatophenyl)azaniumylidenecyclohexa-2,5-dien-1-ylidene]methyl]anilino]benzene sulfonate, an anionic triphenyl methane dye) under irradiation by UV and visible light in a batch reactor. The efficiency of the photocatalysts under UV and visible light was compared to ascertain the light range for effective utilization. The catalysts were found to have the anatase crystalline structure and their particle size is in a range of 140-250 nm. In the case of Fe(2+) doped TiO2 and Fe(3+) doped TiO2, there was a greater shift in the optical absorption towards the visible range. Under UV light, Ag(+) doped TiO2 was the most efficient catalyst and the corresponding decolorization was more than 99% for both the dyes. Under visible light, Fe(3+) doped TiO2 was the most efficient photocatalyst with more than 96% and 90% decolorization for methylene blue and methyl blue, respectively. The kinetics of the reaction under both UV and visible light was investigated using the Langmuir-Hinshelwood pseudo-first-order kinetic model. Kinetic measurements confirmed that, Ag(+) doped TiO2 was most efficient in the UV range, while Fe(3+) doped TiO2 was most efficient in the visible range.
    Journal of Environmental Science and Health Part A Toxic/Hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering 06/2015; 50(7):659-68. DOI:10.1080/10934529.2015.1011958
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    ABSTRACT: In this research, loess addition was investigated as a possible means of controlling the bulking sludge generated from a sequencing batch reactor (SBR) system treating a synthetic wastewater. The specific objective was to investigate whether loess changed the morphology of the sludge (i.e., influenced the relative abundance of filamentous species), as opposed to improving settling simply because the clay portion of the loess acted as a flocculating agent. To this end, two sets of batch tests were performed using 1 L reactors filled with bulking sludge from the SBR. The first set of batch tests investigated the effect of different loess concentration on the settling properties of the sludge; thus loess was added in concentrations of 0.0, 0.4, 2.0 and 5.0 g L(-1). The 5.0 g L(-1) loess concentration exhibited the most positive results on settling, bringing the modified sludge volume index (SVI) down into the target range of 150 mL g(-1). The second set of batch tests investigated filament length along with the modified SVI. It appeared that at the microbial level, 5.0 g L(-1)of loess caused no reduction in filament length, suggesting no reduction in the amount of filamentous microorganisms. This means that adding loess to a system after it has bulked has the potential to mask the bulking problem by improving settling, while not fixing the problem microbiologically.
    Journal of Environmental Science and Health Part A Toxic/Hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering 06/2015; 50(7):728-34. DOI:10.1080/10934529.2015.1011972
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of the study was to analyse levels of 17 trace elements and 5 major minerals in 11 Boletus badius fruiting bodies able to grow in extremely polluted waste (flotation tailings) and polluted soil in southern Poland. The presented data widen the limited literature data about the abilities of wild-growing mushroom species to grow on heavily contaminated substrates. Content of elements in waste, soil and mushrooms was analysed by flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS) and cold vapour atomic absorption spectrometry (CVAAS - Hg). The industrial areas differed greatly as regards the content of elements in flotation tailings and soil; therefore differences in Ag, Ba, Cd, Co, Fe, Mo, Ni, Pb, Ca, K, Mg, Na and P accumulation in mushrooms were observed. The highest contents of elements in mushrooms were observed for: As, Al, Cu and Zn (86 ± 28, 549 ± 116, 341 ± 59 and 506 ± 40 mg kg(-1) dry matter, respectively). Calculated bioconcentration factor (BCF) values were higher than 1 for Al (15.1-16.9), Fe (10.6-24.4) and Hg (10.2-16.4) only. The main value of the presented results is the fact that one of the common wild-growing mushroom species was able to grow on flotation tailings containing over 22 g kg(-1) of As and, additionally, effective accumulation of other elements was observed. In view of the high content of the majority of analysed elements in fruiting bodies, edible mushrooms from such polluted areas are nonconsumable.
    Journal of Environmental Science and Health Part A Toxic/Hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering 06/2015; 50(7):767-75. DOI:10.1080/10934529.2015.1012014
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to determine the effectiveness of two-stage electro-coagulation (EC) process using multi-parameter optimization for treating bio-digested distillery spent wash by stainless steel (SS) and aluminum (Al) electrodes. Operating parameters have been optimized and treatment efficiency of SS and Al electrodes have been compared by central composite design of response surface analysis in terms of COD, color and total organic carbon (TOC) removal. Individual and interactive effects of four independent parameters namely initial pH (pHo: 2-10 and 4-10 for SS and Al electrodes, respectively), current density (j: 30.86-154.32 A m(-2)), inter-electrode distance (g: 0.5-2.5 cm) and electrolysis time (t: 30-150 min) on the COD, color and TOC removal efficiency were evaluated for both the electrodes. SS electrode was found to be more effective for the removal of COD, color and TOC with removal efficiencies of 70%, 93% and 72%, respectively, as compared to Al electrode, which showed respective removal efficiencies of 59%, 80% and 55%. A two-stage EC process was also conducted to study the predominance of different types of electrodes, and to increase the efficiency of EC process. Results shows that SS followed by Al electrode (with total COD, color and TOC removal efficiency of 81%, 94% and 78%, respectively) was found to be more effective than Al followed by SS electrode combination (with total COD, color and TOC removal efficiency of 78%, 89% and 76%, respectively). Present study shows that EC process can be used as an additional step to bio-methanation process so as to meet effluent discharge standards in distilleries.
    Journal of Environmental Science and Health Part A Toxic/Hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering 05/2015; 50(6):617-30. DOI:10.1080/10934529.2015.994968
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    ABSTRACT: Lead is a heavy metal known to be detrimental to neurologic, physiologic, and behavioral health of children. Previous studies from Jamaica reported that mean lead levels in soil are four times that of lead levels in some other parts of the world. Other studies detected lead levels in fruits and root vegetables, which were grown in areas with lead contaminated soil. In this study, we investigate environmental factors associated with blood lead concentrations in Jamaican children. The participants in this study comprised 125 typically developing (TD) children (ages 2-8 years) who served as controls in an age- and sex-matched case-control study that enrolled children from 2009-2012 in Jamaica. We administered a questionnaire to assess demographic and socioeconomic information as well as potential exposures to lead through food. Using General Linear Models (GLMs), we identified factors associated with blood lead concentrations in Jamaican children. The geometric mean blood lead concentration (GMBLC) in the sample of children in this study was 2.80 μg dL(-1). In univariable GLM analyses, GMBLC was higher for children whose parents did not have education beyond high school compared to those whose parents had attained this level (3.00 μg dL(-1) vs. 2.31 μg dL(-1); P = 0.05), children living near a high traffic road compared to those who did not (3.43 μg dL(-1) vs. 2.52 μg dL(-1); P < 0.01), and children who reported eating ackee compared to those who did not eat this fruit (2.89 μg dL(-1) vs. 1.65 μg dL(-1); P < 0.05). In multivariable analysis, living near a high traffic road was identified as an independent risk factor for higher adjusted GMBLC (3.05 μg dL(-1) vs. 2.19 μg dL(-1); P = 0.01). While our findings indicate that GMBLC in Jamaican children has dropped by at least 62% during the past two decades, children living in Jamaica still have GMBLC that is twice that of children in more developed countries. In addition, we have identified significant risk factors for higher blood lead concentrations in Jamaican children. We believe increasing awareness among parents regarding these risk factors could potentially lead to a lower level of lead exposure in Jamaican children.
    Journal of Environmental Science and Health Part A Toxic/Hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering 05/2015; 50(6):529-39. DOI:10.1080/10934529.2015.994932
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    ABSTRACT: The present study evaluated 15 isolates obtained of environmental samples capable of tolerating high Ni and V concentrations. Those coded as MNSH2-PHGII-1, MNSH2-PHGII-2 and MV-PHGII-2 showed a minimum inhibitory concentration higher than 200 ppm for Ni and V and showed removal percentages corresponding to 84, 75 and 26% for Ni and 60, 55 and 20.3% for V, respectively, in liquid medium. When spent catalyst was added at 16% (w/v) pulp density, the highest Ni and V removal corresponded to MNSH2-PHGII-1 and MNSH2-PHGII-2, which were identified as Microbacterium oxydans and Microbacterium liquefaciens respectively, Microbacterium oxydans was able to remove Ni at the extent of 45.4% and V at 30.4% while Microbacterium liquefaciens removed Ni at 51% and V at 41.4% from the spent catalyst. The isolate MV-PHGII-2 identified also as Microbacterium oxydans showed the lowest removal for Ni and V corresponding to 16% and 9.5%, respectively. This is the first report where strains of Microbacterium were tested for their abilities to remove Ni and V from spent catalyst, suggesting its potential use in the treatment of this solid industrial waste.
    Journal of Environmental Science and Health Part A Toxic/Hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering 05/2015; 50(6):602-10. DOI:10.1080/10934529.2015.994953
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    ABSTRACT: This study investigated the effects of surfactant-producing microorganism, Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 9027, on phenanthrene (PHE) biodegradation by two different PHE-degrading bacteria (Isolate P5-2 and Pseudomonas strain R) in soil. Phenanthrene mineralization experiments were conducted with soils inoculated with one of PHE-degraders and/or the surfactant-producer. Influence of co-inoculation with the surfactant-producing bacteria on phenanthrene transport and biodegradation was also examined in soil columns. P. strain R mineralized phenanthrene faster and to a greater extent than Isolate P5-2 in the test soil. Co-inoculation with the surfactant-producing bacteria significantly enhanced phenanthrene biodegradation by P. strain R but it did not affect the biodegradation by Isolate P5-2 in both batch and column systems. Production of biosurfactants by P. aeruginosa ATCC 9027 was negligible under the given conditions. This study demonstrated that bioaugmentation with surfactant-producing bacteria could enhance in situ bioremediation of soils contaminated with polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and the beneficial effect of the bioaugmentation depended on types of PAH-degrading microorganisms present.
    Journal of Environmental Science and Health Part A Toxic/Hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering 05/2015; 50(6):611-6. DOI:10.1080/10934529.2015.994967
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    ABSTRACT: A synthetic secondary effluent containing an aqueous mixture of emerging contaminants (ECs) has been treated by photocatalytic ozonation using Fe(3+) or Fe3O4 as catalysts and black light lamps as the radiation source. For comparative purposes, ECs have also been treated by ultraviolet radiation (UVA radiation, black light) and ozonation (pH 3 and 7). With the exception of UVA radiation, O3-based processes lead to the total removal of ECs in the mixture. The time taken to achieve complete degradation depends on the oxidation process applied. Ozonation at pH 3 is the most effective technique. The addition of iron based catalysts results in a slight inhibition of the parent compounds degradation rate. However, a positive effect is experienced when measuring the total organic carbon (TOC) and the chemical oxygen demand (COD) removals. Photocatalytic oxidation in the presence of Fe(3+) leads to 81% and 88% of TOC and COD elimination, respectively, compared to only 23% and 29% of TOC and COD removals achieved by single ozonation. The RCT concept has been used to predict the theoretical ECs profiles in the homogeneous photocatalytic oxidation process studied. Treated wastewater effluent was toxic to Daphnia magna when Fe(3+) was used in photocatalytic ozonation. In this case, toxicity was likely due to the ferryoxalate formed in the process. Single ozonation significantly reduced the toxicity of the treated wastewater.
    Journal of Environmental Science and Health Part A Toxic/Hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering 05/2015; 50(6):553-62. DOI:10.1080/10934529.2015.994939
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    ABSTRACT: Kraft pulp mills use activated sludge systems to remove organic matter from effluents. Process streams may appear as toxic spills in treatment plant effluents, such as black liquor, which is toxic to microorganisms of the activated sludge. The present study evaluates the effects of black liquor shocks in activated sludge systems. Four black liquor shocks from 883 to 3,225 mg chemical oxygen demand-COD L(-1) were applied during 24 hours in a continuously operating lab-scale activated sludge system. Removal efficiencies of COD, color and specific compounds were determined. Moreover, specific oxygen uptake rate (SOUR), sludge volumetric index (SVI) and indicator microorganisms were evaluated. Results show that the addition of black liquor caused an increase in COD removal (76-67%) immediately post shock; followed two days later by a decrease (-19-50%). On the other hand, SOUR ranged between 0.152 and 0.336 mgO2 g(-1) volatile suspended solids-VSS• min(-1) during shocks, but the initial value was reestablished at hour 24. When the COD concentration of the shock was higher than 1,014 mg/L, the abundance of stalked ciliates and rotifers dropped. Finally, no changes in SVI were observed, with values remaining in the range 65.8-40.2 mL g(-1) total suspended solids-TSS during the entire operating process. Based on the results, the principal conclusion is that the activated sludge system with the biomass adapted to the kraft pulp effluent could resist a black liquor shock with 3,225 mgCOD L(-1) of concentration during 24 h, under this study's conditions.
    Journal of Environmental Science and Health Part A Toxic/Hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering 05/2015; 50(6):639-45. DOI:10.1080/10934529.2015.994974
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    ABSTRACT: The work provides a comparative analysis of changes in soil properties in the last 10-13 years along the pollution gradient of air emissions from Kandalaksha aluminium plant in connection with the reduction of their volume. The content of the priority pollutant fluorine (F) in atmospheric precipitation and in the organic horizon of soil in the plant impact zone significantly decreased in 2011-2013 compared to 2001. The aluminium concentrations reduced only in immediate proximity to the plant (2 km). The fluorine, calcium (Ca) and magnesium (Mg) concentrations are higher in liquid phase compared to solid phase thus these elements can migrated to greater distances from the pollution source (up to 15-20 km). Silicon (Si), aluminium (Al), iron (Fe) and phosphorus (P) can be found only in solid phases and in fall-out within the 5 km. The acidity of soil litter reduced by 2 pH units in the proximity to the plot within the 2 km. The zone of maximum soil contamination decreased from 2.5 km to 1.5 km from the emission source, the zones of heavy and moderate pollution reduced by 5 km in connection with the reduction of pollutant emissions in the plant. A high correlation between the fluorine concentrations in vegetables and litter was found. Higher fluorine concentrations in the soil result in its accumulation in plants. Mosses accumulate fluorine most intensively.
    Journal of Environmental Science and Health Part A Toxic/Hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering 05/2015; 50(6):547-52. DOI:10.1080/10934529.2015.994937
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    ABSTRACT: Generation of liquid and gaseous effluents is associated with almost all anthropogenic activities. The discharge of these effluents into the environment without treatment has reduced the availability and quality of natural resources, representing a serious threat to the balance of different ecosystems and human health. Universal access to water and global warming are topics of intense concern and are listed as priorities in the vast majority of global scientific, social and political guidelines. Conventional techniques to treat liquid and gaseous effluents pose economic and/or environmental limitations that prevent their use in certain applications. The technique of phycoremediation, which uses microalgae, macroalgae, and cyanobacteria for the removal or biotransformation of pollutants, is an emerging technology that has been highlighted due to its economic viability and environmental sustainability. This literature review discusses different techniques of microalgae cultivation and their use in the phycoremediation of contaminants in wastewater.
    Journal of Environmental Science and Health Part A Toxic/Hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering 05/2015; 50(6):585-601. DOI:10.1080/10934529.2015.994951
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    ABSTRACT: Electrooxidation is widely used to remove harmful organic and inorganic substances as well as pathogenic microorganisms. This study investigates the removal of Microcystis ichthyoblabe cells and their hepatotoxin microcystin-LR by the electrooxidation process using Pt/Ti electrodes. Additionally, the morphology changes and cell sizes were determined by scanning electron microscopy and a particle size analyzer, respectively. The algal cells were severely damaged by the electrooxidation process. During the initial treatment, intracellular microcystin-LR was released from the cells, increasing the extracellular microcystin-LR concentration. The electrooxidation charge required to remove cells and MC-LR was 3 × 10(4) C and 6 × 10(4) C, respectively. The removal efficiencies of M. ichthyoblabe cells and microcystin-LR were insensitive to initial cell density, initial microcystin-LR concentration and solution conductivity, but were heavily reduced at large algal suspension volume. Therefore, to achieve simultaneous removal of Microcystis cells and their MC, it is necessary to control the volume of algal suspension.
    Journal of Environmental Science and Health Part A Toxic/Hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering 05/2015; 50(6):563-70. DOI:10.1080/10934529.2015.994942