Breast (Edinburgh, Scotland)

Publisher: Elsevier

Journal description

Current impact factor: 2.58

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2015
2013 / 2014 Impact Factor 2.581
2011 Impact Factor 2.491
2010 Impact Factor 2.089
2009 Impact Factor 2.087
2008 Impact Factor 2.155
2006 Impact Factor 1.677
2005 Impact Factor 1.705
2004 Impact Factor 0.76
2003 Impact Factor 0.469
2002 Impact Factor 0.481
2001 Impact Factor 0.538
2000 Impact Factor 0.588
1999 Impact Factor 0.819
1998 Impact Factor 0.736
1997 Impact Factor 0.555

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 0.00
Cited half-life 4.30
Immediacy index 0.63
Eigenfactor 0.01
Article influence 0.58
Other titles Breast (Edinburgh, Scotland: Online), Breast
ISSN 1532-3080
OCLC 44392900
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details


  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Pre-print allowed on any website or open access repository
    • Voluntary deposit by author of authors post-print allowed on authors' personal website, or institutions open scholarly website including Institutional Repository, without embargo, where there is not a policy or mandate
    • Deposit due to Funding Body, Institutional and Governmental policy or mandate only allowed where separate agreement between repository and the publisher exists.
    • Permitted deposit due to Funding Body, Institutional and Governmental policy or mandate, may be required to comply with embargo periods of 12 months to 48 months .
    • Set statement to accompany deposit
    • Published source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to journal home page or articles' DOI
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Articles in some journals can be made Open Access on payment of additional charge
    • NIH Authors articles will be submitted to PubMed Central after 12 months
    • Publisher last contacted on 18/10/2013
  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Breast cancer (BC) is the 2nd commonest cause of brain metastases (BM). This retrospective review investigates the applicability of prognostic scores and highlights different outcomes for patients with HER2 positive compared to triple negative (TN) subtypes. Two hundred and seventy four patients received whole brain radiotherapy for BC BM (01/2000-12/2011). The primary objective was to determine factors influencing overall survival (OS). All information relevant to primary BC, disease recurrence, treatment, outcome and cause of death (either neurological (NP) or systemic progression (SP)) were collected. Univariate (UV) and multivariate (MV) Cox regression analysis were used. One hundred and forty four patients (53%) were ER positive, 104 (38%) HER2 positive and 57 (21%) TN. Median age at BM was 53 (27-81) years and median OS from BM diagnosis 7.3 (5.7-8.9) months. On MV analysis, Her2 status, RPA score, surgery, stereotactic radiotherapy, and absence of TN disease were independent prognostic factor for OS. NP was the cause of death in 69.2% of HER2 positive patients and 17.3% had SP. Of the TN patients, 29.8% had NP and 54.4% SP (p < 0.001). A consistent OS advantage is noted for HER2 positive BM cases and inclusion of BC subtype in the breast GPA score should improve the prognostic factors' sensitivity. The unique presentations, response to treatment and causes of death for HER2 positive patients means more aggressive focal therapy should be considered and studied in the context of clinical trials. For TN BM patients with poor performance status, best supportive care may be appropriate. Crown Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Breast (Edinburgh, Scotland) 04/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.breast.2015.03.007
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    ABSTRACT: The role of neoadjuvant endocrine therapy for resectable breast cancer is not well established, despite encouraging results obtained in the metastatic and adjuvant settings. This systematic review aims to examine existing medical literature on neoadjuvant hormone therapy (HT). Data from prospective, randomized trials was included if comparing neoadjuvant HT versus surgery alone without adjuvant treatment, or neoadjuvant HT versus chemotherapy (CT), or HT plus CT versus CT alone, or HT plus CT versus HT alone, or two distinct HT. Odds Ratios (OR) were calculated from pooled data. Five studies compared HT with tamoxifen versus HT with aromatase inhibitors (AI). A meta-analysis of their results demonstrated superiority of AIs in overall response rate (ORR) (OR 1.9; 95% CI 1.17-3.08). Two trials compared HT against CT, and pooled data from them demonstrated a trend favoring CT (OR for ORR 0.75; 95% CI 0.35-1.6). That trend disappeared when only postmenopausal women were considered (OR 1.01; 95% CI 0.62-1.63). One trial compared HT plus CT with no neoadjuvant treatment, and obtained an 83% ORR. One trial compared HT plus CT versus CT alone and found a non-significant increase in ORR for adding HT to CT (OR 1.48; 95% CI 0.58-3.77). No trial compared HT plus CT versus HT alone. Neoadjuvant HT is a safe and feasible option, but it cannot be considered equivalent to CT. If neoadjuvant HT is performed, AIs are preferable over tamoxifen due to higher response rates. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Breast (Edinburgh, Scotland) 04/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.breast.2015.03.004
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    ABSTRACT: A recent multidisciplinary consensus defined an adequate breast cancer margin as no ink on tumor. The purpose of this study was to analyze rates of residual disease at re-excision by margin width. A prospective database at a single institution was reviewed from 2000 to 2012. Institutional protocol had been to perform re-excision surgery when margins were <2 millimeters (mm). There were 2520 procedures. Re-excision surgery was performed for 12% of breast conserving therapy (BCT) procedures and 2% of mastectomies; residual disease was present in 38% and 26%, respectively. The rates of residual disease for all patients with positive, 0.1-0.9 mm, and 1.0-1.9 mm margins were 40%, 38%, and 33%, respectively. Age, race, menopause status, width of closest final margin, tumor histology, hormone receptor status, triple-negative disease and presence of lymphovascular invasion (LVI) were not significantly associated with the presence of residual disease. The presence of multiple margins <2 mm trended toward significance (p = 0.06). Median follow-up was 43 months. The five-year local recurrence rates (5-year LR) were 1.1% for mastectomy patients and 1.9% for BCT patients. Breast cancer patients with margins of excision <2 mm have a substantial risk of residual disease but the rates far exceed LR rates. These findings suggest that using residual disease rates to determine the appropriate margin width is not reliable, but also serve as a note of caution to track LR rates as institutions conform to new national guidelines for margin management. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Breast (Edinburgh, Scotland) 04/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.breast.2015.03.005
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    ABSTRACT: Compare different boost techniques after breast conserving therapy (BCT) in terms of local and loco-regional recurrences. From 2000 to 2005, patients treated with BCT for invasive breast cancer (BC) were included. An electron boost (EB) was performed for a superficial boost-volume (less than 29 mm under the epidermis), in all other cases a brachytherapy boost (BTB) was proposed. When patients refused a BTB or it was not possible for technical reasons, a photon boost (PB) was given. The primary endpoints were local and loco-regional recurrences. Secondary endpoints were metastasis-free and overall survival. 1379 patients were eligible for analysis. Most patients (1052) received an EB, 225 a BTB and 76 a PB. At a median follow-up of 8.8 years, 35 (2.5%) patients developed a local or loco-regional recurrence. Ten years local relapse-free rate was 97.9%. No differences between boost techniques were observed in relapse risk, metastasis-free and overall survival after multivariate analyses. In women treated with BCT followed by a boost irradiation to the tumor bed, no difference in local and loco-regional recurrence, metastasis-free and overall survival was observed comparing three different boost techniques. Outcome was excellent regardless of the boost technique. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Breast (Edinburgh, Scotland) 03/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.breast.2015.03.003
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    ABSTRACT: An ever growing number of medical organizations, societies, working groups and governmental agencies issue algorithms i.e. guidelines, of decision making flowcharts in diagnosis and treatment in a variety of diseases. In the field of evidence-based diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer, a large number of guidelines are available both from medical associations and national health departments. Among the most appreciated and utilized comprehensive guides is the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) Breast Cancer Guidelines and from the other side of the Atlantic the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) Guidelines in Breast Cancer. Although there is much concordance between the guidelines from these two organizations, it is intriguing to locate their discrepancies also. The aim of this report is to present a number of different points between ESMO and NCCN in the whole spectrum of breast cancer management, from prevention and diagnosis to treatment and follow up. This systematic review was performed in accordance with the PRISMA guidelines using a predefined search strategy and summarizes in detail, the differences between ESMO and NCCN guidelines regarding genetic risk evaluation and screening, surgery, chemotherapy, endocrine treatment, targeted biological agents, radiotherapy, pregnancy and fertility and follow-up. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Breast (Edinburgh, Scotland) 03/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.breast.2015.02.031
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    ABSTRACT: It is not clear how lymphatic pathways to the sentinel lymph node (SLN) change during neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) for breast cancer. Using the indocyanine green (ICG)-fluorescence method, we compared lymphatic pathways to the SLN (sentinel lymphatic pathways) and SLN location before and after NAC in 36 patients (38 breasts). Despite that 42.8% of the sentinel lymphatic pathways were changed by NAC, the locations of the SLNs were not affected by NAC. These results suggest that the true SLN can be detected even after NAC, and that SLNB can be performed after NAC for clinically node-negative patients. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Breast (Edinburgh, Scotland) 03/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.breast.2015.02.034
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    ABSTRACT: The advent of sentinel lymph node biopsy has revolutionised surgical management of axillary nodal disease in patients with breast cancer. Patients undergoing neo-adjuvant chemotherapy for large breast primary tumours may experience complete pathological response on a previously positive sentinel node whilst not eliminating the tumour from the other lymph nodes. Results from 2 large prospective cohort studies investigating sentinel lymph node biopsy after neo-adjuvant chemotherapy demonstrate a combined false negative rate of 12.6-14.2% and identification rate of 80-89% with the minimal acceptable false negative rate and identification rate being set at 10% and 90%, respectively. A false negative rate of 14% would have been classified as unacceptable when compared to the figures obtained by the pioneers of sentinel lymph node biopsy which was 5% or less. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Breast (Edinburgh, Scotland) 03/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.breast.2015.02.026
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    ABSTRACT: Various clinician-assessed scoring criteria have been used to grade acute radiation dermatitis. However, it is not known whether these scoring criteria correlate with changes in objective skin biophysical parameters and patient-reported symptoms following radiotherapy. We seek to correlate three different clinician-assessed scoring criteria with skin biophysical changes and patient-reported symptoms in breast cancer patients undergoing radiotherapy. A prospective cohort study was performed in a university hospital medical center. The severity of acute radiation dermatitis in 101 breast cancer patients was graded using the RTOG, CTCAE and WHO clinical scoring criteria. We also measured various skin biophysical parameters (skin blood flow, pigmentation, hydration, and pH) by non-invasive techniques before and after radiotherapy. Patient-reported breast symptoms (pain, itching, local heat, and tightness) were evaluated using a questionnaire. The three different clinician-assessed scoring criteria correlated most strongly with changes in cutaneous blood flow following radiotherapy for breast cancer (correlation coefficient 0.70 for RTOG, 0.68 for CTCAE, and 0.50 for WHO). All three scoring criteria also showed moderate correlation with changes in skin pigmentation (correlation coefficients 0.4-0.5), but showed no significant correlation with skin hydration or pH (correlation coefficients <0.2). The scoring criteria correlated poorly with patient-reported breast symptoms (correlation coefficients <0.3). The three clinician-assessed scoring criteria (especially the RTOG and CTCAE criteria) show strong correlation with cutaneous blood flow measurements, but correlate less well with other skin biophysical parameters and patient-reported symptoms. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Breast (Edinburgh, Scotland) 03/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.breast.2015.01.008
  • Breast (Edinburgh, Scotland) 03/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.breast.2015.02.028
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    ABSTRACT: To assess efficacy of bevacizumab in combination with oral chemotherapy in patients with breast cancer with lymphangitic spread to the chest wall (LBC). To identify surrogate biomarkers of response to bevacizumab. We randomly assigned patients to receive bevacizumab plus either sequential or concurrent oral vinorelbine and capecitabine every 3 weeks. The primary endpoint was time to ultimate progression (TTP); the response rate and overall survival (OS) were secondary endpoints. We performed gene expression profiling on baseline tissue samples collected from triple negative LBC. We assessed circulating endothelial cells (CEC), circulating endothelial progenitors (CEP) and circulating pericyte progenitors (CPP). A total of 66 patients were enrolled. There was no difference in TTP (median TTP 5.3 vs. 4.8 months, p = 0.21) and in OS (median OS 15.8 vs 11.9 months; p = 0.25) when comparing concurrent vs sequential treatment, respectively. Response rate was 25% vs 28% in the concurrent vs sequential arm (p = 1.00), respectively. A set of 16 genes predictive of response to bevacizumab was identified. The counts of CEPs and viable CECs below the median value were associated with an improved overall survival: 26.6 vs 9.5 months for CEPs and 22.6 vs 11.0 months for viable CECs, respectively (p = 0.02). Oral chemotherapy and bevacizumab (BEVIX) is an active regimen in patients with LBC. We support the importance of using LBC as a biological model for investigating angiogenesis inhibitors. CECs and CEPs biomarkers have been identified as predictive markers of outcome and warrant further investigation. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
    Breast (Edinburgh, Scotland) 03/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.breast.2015.02.036
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    ABSTRACT: Women who have undergone surgical treatment for breast cancer often benefit from a contralateral reduction mammaplasty (CRM) aimed at symmetrization of the contralateral breast unaffected by the initial cancer. In our 7-year multicentric study (12 centers) of 2718 patients, incidence of CRM cancers (CRMc) was 1.47% (n = 40) [95% CI 1.05%-2.00%]. The CRMc group had significantly more initial mammary cancers of invasive lobular carcinoma (ILC, 22.5% vs 12.0%) and ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS, 35.0% vs 21.6%) types than the healthy CRM group (p = 0.017). 35.0% (n = 14) of patients had en bloc resection; 25.0% (n = 10) of surgical specimens were correctly oriented. En bloc resection and orientation of surgical specimens enable precise pinpointing of the CRMc. A salvage lumpectomy may be proposed as an option when margins are invaded. The histological distribution of the 40 CRMc (mean size 12.7 mm) was carcinoma in situ (CIS) 70%, ILC 12.5%, invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC) 12.5% and tubular carcinoma (TC) 5.0%. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Breast (Edinburgh, Scotland) 03/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.breast.2015.02.033
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this qualitative research was to identify the healthcare, information and support needs of women living with metastatic breast cancer. Semi-structured qualitative interviews were conducted with 18 women. Women were asked about their experiences of living with metastatic breast cancer and their information and support needs. Women valued relationships with their healthcare professionals, particularly their oncologists. They wanted more attention paid to side-effects of ongoing treatments, which had a negative impact on their health. While oncologists were a primary source of information, women also drew on other sources. There were mixed findings about the value of support groups, with women preferring to seek alternative sources of social support. A diagnosis of metastatic breast cancer brings heightened reliance on healthcare professionals to respond to women's needs in a way that is different to that required with a diagnosis of early breast cancer. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Breast (Edinburgh, Scotland) 03/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.breast.2015.02.025
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    ABSTRACT: This study explored whether longer provider delays (between first presentation and treatment) were associated with later stage and poorer survival in women with symptomatic breast cancer. Data from 850 women with symptomatic breast cancer were linked with the Scottish Cancer Registry; Death Registry; and hospital discharge dataset. Logistic regression and Cox survival analyses with restricted cubic splines explored relationships between provider delays, stage and survival, with sequential adjustment for patient and tumour factors. Although confidence intervals were wide in both adjusted analyses, those with the shortest provider delays had more advanced breast cancer at diagnosis. Beyond approximately 20 weeks, the trend suggests longer delays are associated with more advanced stage, but is not statistically significant. Those with symptomatic breast cancer and the shortest presentation to treatment time (within 4 weeks) had the poorest survival. Longer time to treatment was not significantly associated with worsening mortality. Poor prognosis patients with breast cancer are being triaged for rapid treatment with limited effect on outcome. Prolonged time to treatment does not appear to be strongly associated with poorer outcomes for patients with breast cancer, but the power of this study to assess the effect of very long delays (>25 weeks) was limited. Efforts to reduce waiting times are important from a quality of life perspective, but tumour biology may often be a more important determinant of stage at diagnosis and survival outcome. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Breast (Edinburgh, Scotland) 03/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.breast.2015.02.027
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    ABSTRACT: This phase 2 randomized study evaluated trebananib (AMG 386), a peptide-Fc fusion protein that inhibits angiogenesis by neutralizing the interaction of angiopoietin-1 and -2 with Tie2, in combination with paclitaxel with or without bevacizumab in previously untreated patients with HER2-negative locally recurrent/metastatic breast cancer. Patients received paclitaxel 90 mg/m(2) once weekly (3-weeks-on/1-week-off) and were randomly assigned 1:1:1:1 to also receive blinded bevacizumab 10 mg/kg once every 2 weeks plus either trebananib 10 mg/kg once weekly (Arm A) or 3 mg/kg once weekly (Arm B), or placebo (Arm C); or open-label trebananib 10 mg/kg once a week (Arm D). Progression-free survival was the primary endpoint. In total, 228 patients were randomized. Median estimated progression-free survival for Arms A, B, C, and D was 11.3, 9.2, 12.2, and 10 months, respectively. Hazard ratios (95% CI) for Arms A, B, and D versus Arm C were 0.98 (0.61-1.59), 1.12 (0.70-1.80), and 1.28 (0.79-2.09), respectively. The objective response rate was 71% in Arm A, 51% in Arm B, 60% in Arm C, and 46% in Arm D. The incidence of grade 3/4/5 adverse events was 71/9/4%, 61/14/5%, 62/16/3%, and 52/4/7% in Arms A/B/C/D. In Arm D, median progression-free survival was 12.8 and 7.4 months for those with high and low trebananib exposure (AUCss ≥ 8.4 versus < 8.4 mg·h/mL), respectively. There was no apparent prolongation of estimated progression-free survival with the addition of trebananib to paclitaxel and bevacizumab at the doses tested. Toxicity was manageable. Exposure-response analyses support evaluation of combinations incorporating trebananib at doses > 10 mg/kg in this setting., NCT00511459. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
    Breast (Edinburgh, Scotland) 03/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.breast.2014.11.003