Breast (Edinburgh, Scotland)

Publisher: Elsevier

Journal description

Current impact factor: 2.09

Impact Factor Rankings

Additional details

5-year impact 0.00
Cited half-life 4.30
Immediacy index 0.63
Eigenfactor 0.01
Article influence 0.58
Other titles Breast (Edinburgh, Scotland: Online), Breast
ISSN 1532-3080
OCLC 44392900
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Elsevier

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    • Publisher last contacted on 18/10/2013
  • Classification
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Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The purpose of our study was to investigate and identify comprehensively the clinicopathological features and long-term outcome of young breast cancer (YBC) according to intrinsic subtype. We analyzed clinical and pathological characteristics of 2844 women who were diagnosed with invasive breast cancer from 2000 to 2007 and the treatment outcomes by age at diagnosis. The median age of the patients was 46 years (range, 21-83 years), and we divided them into three age group: ≤35 years (Group 1), 36-50 years (Group 2), and >50 years (Group 3). During a median follow-up of 100 months, the 5-year recurrence-free survival rate (RFSR) and overall survival rate (OSR) were 90.8% and 94.6%, respectively. The 10-year estimated RFSR and OSR were 81.9% and 86.9%, respectively. The prognosis of TN subtype appeared not to be worse than that of other subtypes in Group 1. In Group 1 alone (≤35 years), subtype was not identified as an independent risk factor for distant recurrence-free survival (DRFS) in a Cox-regression multivariate model (hazard ratio, 0.85; 95% CI, 0.68-1.06; p = 0.148). This analysis revealed a very high prevalence of YBC in this cohort. The poor outcomes of YBC patients might result from an increased frequency of triple negative (TN)/HER2 subtypes and the more aggressive clinical behavior of ER-positive tumors compared with older patients. Further research to elucidate the biologic difference of the ER+ tumors of YBC patients is warranted. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Breast (Edinburgh, Scotland) 02/2015;
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    ABSTRACT: Young patients with breast cancer (BC) are often concerned about treatment-induced infertility and express maternity desire. Conception after BC does not seem to affect outcome, but information in estrogen-receptor positive (ER+) disease is not definitive. From September 2012-March 2013, 212 evaluable patients with ER+ early BC, <37 years at diagnosis, from 5 regions (Europe/US/Canada/Middle-East/Australia) answered a survey about fertility concerns, maternity desire and interest in a study of endocrine therapy (ET) interruption to allow pregnancy. Overall, 37% of respondents were interested in the study; younger patients (≤30 years) reported higher interest (57%). Motivation in younger patients treated >30 months was higher (83%) than in older women (14%), interest was independent of age in patients treated for ≤30 months. A prospective study in this patient population seems relevant and feasible. The International-Breast-Cancer-Study-Group (IBCSG), within the Breast-International-Group (BIG) - North-American-Breast-Cancer-Groups (NABCG) collaboration, is launching a study (POSITIVE) addressing ET interruption to allow pregnancy. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
    Breast (Edinburgh, Scotland) 02/2015;
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    ABSTRACT: Although the effect of hormonal therapy (HT) on fracture risk during treatment of breast cancer is established, information about fracture incidence after completion of HT is scarce. In this hospital based observational study we evaluated fracture rates after completion of HT in pre- and postmenopausal women with breast cancer. All women diagnosed with breast cancer in the VieCuri Medical Center between 1998 and 2005 who started adjuvant HT with aromatase inhibitors or tamoxifen were included (n = 289). Data on fracture rate, fracture type and risk factors for fracture after completion of HT were collected. The overall fracture rate was 12% in pre- and 15% in postmenopausal women respectively during an average follow-up of 3.1 ± 2.9 years. The number of patients with at least one fracture was 41 (14%). There was no difference in fracture rates between different types of HT (P = 0.15). The most common types of fractures were toe/finger fractures in premenopausal- and hip and major fractures in postmenopausal women. Median time to first fracture was shorter in premenopausal women (1.4 years, IQR 0.2-3.5) than in postmenopausal women (2.4 years, IQR 0.7-5.1, P = 0.01). A history of previous fracture was a significant risk factor for fracture in postmenopausal women (HR 3.9, 95% CI 1.3-11.7). Fracture rates in the first years after cessation of HT for breast cancer were 12% and 15% for pre- and postmenopausal women respectively. The most common fractures in postmenopausal women were hip and major fractures. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Breast (Edinburgh, Scotland) 01/2015;
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    ABSTRACT: Breast reconstruction is safe and improves quality of life. Despite this, many women do not undergo breast reconstruction and the reasons for this are poorly understood. This study aims to identify the factors that influence a woman's decision whether or not to have breast reconstruction and to better understand their attitudes toward reconstruction. An online survey was distributed to breast cancer patients from Breast Cancer Network Australia. Results were tabulated, described qualitatively and analyzed for significance using a multiple logistic regression model. 501 mastectomy patients completed surveys, of which 62% had undergone breast reconstruction. Factors that positively influenced likelihood of reconstruction included lower age, bilateral mastectomy, access to private hospitals, decreased home/work responsibilities, increased level of home support and early discussion of reconstructive options. Most common reasons for avoiding reconstruction included "I don't feel the need" and "I don't want more surgery". The most commonly sited sources of reconstruction information came from the breast surgeon followed by the plastic surgeon then the breast cancer nurse and the most influential of these was the plastic surgeon. A model using factors easily obtained on clinical history can be used to understand likelihood of reconstruction. This knowledge may help identify barriers to reconstruction, ultimately improving the clinicians' ability to appropriately educate mastectomy patients and ensure effective decision making around breast reconstruction. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Breast (Edinburgh, Scotland) 01/2015;
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    ABSTRACT: Accurate determination of human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER2) status is essential for optimal selection of breast cancer patients for gene targeted therapy. The analytical performance of microarray analysis using TargetPrint for assessment of HER2 status was evaluated in 138 breast tumours, including 41 fresh and 97 formalin-fixed paraffin embedded (FFPE) specimens. Reflex testing using immunohistochemistry/in situ hybridization (IHC/ISH) in four discordant cases confirmed the TargetPrint results, achieving 100% agreement regardless of whether fresh tissue or FFPE specimens were used. One equivocal IHC/ISH case was classified as HER2-positive based on the microarray result. The proven clinical utility in resolving equivocal and borderline cases justifies modification of the testing algorithm under these circumstances, to obtain a definitive positive or negative test result with the use of microarrays. Determination of HER2 status across three assay platforms facilitated improved quality assurance and led to a higher level of confidence on which to base treatment decisions. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Breast (Edinburgh, Scotland) 01/2015;
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    ABSTRACT: Given the crucial role of pathology reporting in the management of breast cancers, we aimed to investigate the quality and variability of breast cancer pathology reporting in Belgium. Detailed information on non-molecular and molecular parameters was retrieved from the pathology protocols available at the Belgian Cancer Registry for 10,007 breast cancers diagnosed in Belgium in 2008. Substantial underreporting was shown for several clinically relevant non-molecular parameters, such as lymphovascular invasion. High-volume laboratories performed only slightly better than others, and analyses at the individual laboratory level showed clear inter-laboratory variability in reporting for all volume categories. Information on ER/PR and HER2 IHC was mentioned in respectively 91.7% and 90.8% of evaluative cases. HER2 ISH data were available for 78.5% of the cases judged to be 2+ for HER2 IHC. For cases with different specimens analysed, discordance between these specimens was highest for HER2, followed by PR. For HER2, results obtained from different laboratories were even less concordant. In addition, inter-laboratory differences were noted in the used ER/PR scoring systems, the proportion of ER-/PR+ cases, and the relation between histological grade and ER/PR positivity. Data on Ki67 were only available for 43.8% of the investigated cases, and showed inconsistent use of cut-off values. Breast pathology reporting in Belgium in 2008 was suboptimal and showed considerable inter-laboratory variability. Synoptic reporting has been proposed as a facilitator towards increased reporting quality and harmonization, but the lack of aligned informatics remains a major hurdle in its concrete implementation. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Breast (Edinburgh, Scotland) 01/2015;
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    ABSTRACT: Women harbouring BRCA1/2 mutations are known to be at higher lifetime risk of developing breast cancer than non-carriers. Compared to mastectomy, conservative surgery is also associated, in this patient population, with a higher probability to developing recurrent ipsilateral breast cancer following primary treatment. To reduce these risks, the management of BRCA1/2 - associated cancers has therefore focused on optimal prophylactic and therapeutic interventions at the time of diagnosis. In a recent past, comparative analyses of radiosensitivity levels have been carried out in murine embryos harbouring BRCA1/2 gene mutation and in non-carriers. The fact that a number of these experimental data are in favour of higher radiosensitivity levels in carriers of germline mutations leads to concern regarding the potential consequences of exposure to radiation, especially in terms of excessive toxicity in normal tissues and radiation-induced malignancies. The objective of this review is to determine whether or not the potentially higher radiosensitivity of normal and tumour cells has a clinical relevance in BRCA1/2 mutations carriers in terms of disease control, acute and late adverse events, and tumourigenesis. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Breast (Edinburgh, Scotland) 12/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Physician attributes, job satisfaction and confidence in clinical skills are associated with enhanced performance and better patient outcomes. We surveyed 252 pathologists to evaluate associations between enjoyment of breast pathology, demographic/clinical characteristics and diagnostic performance. Diagnostic performance was determined by comparing pathologist assessments of a set of 60 cases with consensus assessments of the same cases made by a panel of experienced pathologists. Eighty-three percent of study participants reported enjoying breast pathology. Pathologists who enjoy breast interpretation were more likely to review ≥10 cases/week (p = 0.003), report breast interpretation expertise (p = 0.013) and have high levels of confidence interpreting breast pathology (p < 0.001). These pathologists were less likely to report that the field was challenging (p < 0.001) and that breast cases make them more nervous than other types of pathology (p < 0.001). Enjoyment was not associated with diagnostic performance. Millions of women undergo breast biopsy annually, thus it is reassuring that although nearly a fifth of practicing pathologists who interpret breast tissue report not enjoying the field, precision is not impacted. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Breast (Edinburgh, Scotland) 12/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: We examined how radiation dose levels in digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) differ from those used in 2-view full-field digital mammography (FFDM). Acquisition parameter settings and information on the average absorbed dose to the glandular tissues within the breasts were reviewed based on clinical studies that evaluated DBT and FFDM. Dose ratios (DDBT/DFFDM) were derived from imaging protocols, which included tomosynthesis in 1- or 2-views alone, and as an adjunct technique to FFDM. Stand-alone DBT was associated with a much lower to a slightly higher radiation dose compared to that of comparable FFDM units, as summarized in dose ratio ranges of 0.34-1.0 for 1-view DBT, and 0.68-1.17 for 2-view DBT. One of the lowest reported dose estimates was obtained using a photon-counting DBT unit (avg. 0.70 mGy/scan; range: 0.28-1.26 mGy). Breast doses for DBT combined with FFDM are summarized in dose ratio ranges of 1.03-1.5 for 1-view DBT plus FFDM, and 2.0-2.23 for 2-view DBT plus FFDM. In the latter of these settings, the dose was reduced by ∼45% when 2D-views, reconstructed from the DBT images ("synthetic 2D images"), were used as a substitute for FFDM. Stand-alone DBT operated at lower to slightly higher radiation doses in comparison to FFDM. For DBT combined with FFDM, radiation doses were elevated, at maximum by a factor ∼2 1/4 of that of FFDM alone. In this setting, a replacement of FFDM with synthetic 2D-views reduced the breast dose approximately by half, which has substantial implications for population screening programs. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Breast (Edinburgh, Scotland) 12/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: To examine whether discordance in the hormone-receptor status predicts clinical outcomes in patients with bilateral synchronous (SBC) or metachronous breast cancer (MBC), we analyzed data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results program (1998-2011) using Cox models. After excluding 10,231 patients with missing data on hormone receptors in at least one tumor, 4403 SBC and 7159 MBC were included in the study. Among SBC cases, patients with estrogen receptor (ER)-discordant tumors had higher mortality risk (multivariable-adjusted hazard ratio [HR] = 1.96, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.60-2.40) than patients with ER concordant-positive tumors, whereas patients with ER concordant-negative tumors had the highest risk (HR = 2.49, 95% CI 2.03-3.07). Among MBC cases, patients with a positive-to-negative change in ER status (HR = 1.32, 95% CI: 1.08-1.62) or ER concordant-negative tumors (HR = 1.48, 95% CI: 1.19-1.85) had worse survival than patients with ER concordant-positive tumors. In conclusion, discordance in the hormone-receptor status was an independent predictor of survival outcomes. Copyright © 2014. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
    Breast (Edinburgh, Scotland) 12/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Breast cancer (BC) is the most commonly diagnosed cancer and a leading cause of death in younger women. We analysed incidence, mortality and relative survival (RS) in women with BC aged 20-49 years at diagnosis, between 1996 and 2009 in Switzerland. Trends are reported as estimated annual percentage changes (EAPC). Our findings confirm a slight increase in the incidence of BC in younger Swiss women during the period 1996-2009. The increase was largest in women aged 20-39 years (EAPC 1.8%). Mortality decreased in both age groups with similar EAPCs. Survival was lowest among women 20-39 years (10-year RS 73.4%). We observed no notable differences in stage of disease at diagnosis that might explain these differences. The increased incidence and lower survival in younger women diagnosed with BC in Switzerland indicates possible differences in risk factors, tumour biology and treatment characteristics that require additional examination. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Breast (Edinburgh, Scotland) 12/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Z0011 study suggests patients with minimal disease do not require axillary clearance. Exclusions include T3 tumours, mastectomy or neoadjuvant treatment. This study assessed the utility of pre-operative US-guided core biopsy of axillary nodes and its correlation with nodal macrometastases. 247 women with breast cancer outside Z0011 criteria were reviewed retrospectively. Sensitivity and specificity of pre-operative axillary ultrasound and core biopsy compared to final histology was assessed by contingency tables. 75/247 patients had macrometastases. Ultrasound-axilla was 72% sensitive and 77% specific in predicting macrometastasis. The positive (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) was 58% and 86.4% respectively. Core-biopsy of axilla node, was 92.6% sensitive and 66.7% specific in detecting macrometastasis. PPV and NPV 79.4% and 86.7% respectively. Positive pre-operative ultrasound-guided core biopsy accurately predicts macroscopic involvement of axillary nodes. Selected patients outside Z0011 parameters can proceed to axillary clearance without sentinel node biopsy or risking overtreatment. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Breast (Edinburgh, Scotland) 12/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Chemoprevention is an option for women who are at increased risk of breast cancer (five year risk ≥1.7%). It is uncertain, however, how often women accept and complete five years of therapy and whether clinical or demographic factors predict completion. Medical records were abstracted for 219 women whose five year risk of breast cancer was ≥1.7% and who were offered chemoprevention while attending a high risk breast clinic at the Moffitt Cancer Center. We examined the likelihood of accepting chemoprevention and completing five years of therapy, and potential clinical and demographic predictors of these outcomes, using multivariable logistic regression and survival analysis models. There were 118/219 women (54.4%) who accepted a recommendation for chemoprevention and began therapy. The likelihood of accepting chemoprevention was associated with lifetime breast cancer risk and was higher for women with specific high risk conditions (lobular carcinoma in situ and atypical ductal hyperplasia). Women with osteoporosis and those that consumed alcohol were also more likely to accept medication. There were 58/118 (49.2%) women who stopped medication at least temporarily after starting therapy. Based on survival curves, an estimated 60% of women who begin chemoprevention will complete five years of therapy. A substantial percentage of women at increased risk of breast cancer will decline chemoprevention and among those that accept therapy, approximately 40% will not be able to complete five years of therapy because of side effects. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Breast (Edinburgh, Scotland) 12/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Despite the benefits of adjuvant endocrine therapy for hormone receptor positive breast cancer, many women are non-adherent or discontinue endocrine treatment early. We studied differences in adherence to adjuvant endocrine therapy by ethnicity in a cohort of New Zealand women with breast cancer and its impact on breast cancer outcomes. We analysed data on women (n = 1149) with newly diagnosed hormone receptor positive, non-metastatic, invasive breast cancer who were treated with adjuvant endocrine therapy in the Waikato during 2005-2011. Linked data from the Waikato Breast Cancer Registry and National Pharmaceutical Database were examined to identify differences by ethnicity in adherence to adjuvant endocrine therapy and the effect of sub-optimal adherence on cancer recurrence and mortality. Overall, a high level of adherence of ≥80% was observed among 70.4% of women, which declined from 76.8% to 59.3% from the first to fifth year of treatment. Māori women were significantly more likely to be sub-optimally adherent (<80%) compared with European women (crude rate 37% vs. 28%, p = 0.005, adjusted OR = 1.51, 95% CI 1.04-2.17). Sub-optimal adherence was associated with a significantly higher risk of breast cancer mortality (HR = 1.77, 95% CI 1.05-2.99) and recurrence (HR = 2.14, 95% CI 1.46-3.14). Sub-optimal adherence to adjuvant endocrine therapy was a likely contributor for breast cancer mortality inequity between Māori and European women, and highlights the need for future research to identify effective ways to increase adherence in Māori women. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Breast (Edinburgh, Scotland) 12/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: This is the first comprehensive analysis comparing specific aspects of tumor detection between the two "traditional" breast cancer detection methods self-detection (SD) and clinical breast examination (CBE). a) Which method is better in detecting smaller tumors? Both methods showed similar mean tumor diameters (SD: 22.1 mm vs. CBE: 21.9 mm; p = 0.991). b) Different frequency distributions of tumor locations would indicate that certain locations in the breast are more difficult to palpate: comparison of both methods showed comparable results (p = 0.835). c) General differences in tumor sizes with regard to certain locations would be of importance because the patients and/or the physicians could be educated to pay particular attention to certain locations during physical examination, where larger tumors tend to be found: tumors located in the central region were with 25.0 mm significantly larger than those in the peripheral regions of the breast (superior: 21.6 mm, p = 0.001; inferior: 21.6 mm, p = 0.015; lateral: 21.9 mm, p = 0.002; medial (20.9 mm, p = 0.001). Tumor sizes within the four peripheral regions did not differ significantly. d) Patients whose tumors were found by CBE were older than those whose tumors were found by SD (67 years vs. 60 years, p < 0.001). Conclusion: annual CBE should be an integral part of general medical care in older women. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Breast (Edinburgh, Scotland) 12/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: We performed a systematic review to address the comparative effectiveness of different imaging modalities in evaluating treatment response among metastatic breast cancer patients. We searched seven multidisciplinary electronic databases for relevant publications (January 2003-December 2013) and performed dual abstraction of details and results for all clinical studies that involved stage IV breast cancer patients and evaluated imaging for detecting treatment response. Among 159 citations reviewed, 17 single-institution, non-randomized, observational studies met our inclusion criteria. Several studies demonstrate that changes in PET/CT standard uptake values are associated with changes in tumor volume as determined by bone scan, MRI, and/or CT. However, no studies evaluated comparative test performance between modalities or determined relationships between imaging findings and subsequent clinical decisions. Evidence for imaging's effectiveness in determining treatment response among metastatic breast cancer patients is limited. More rigorous research is needed to address imaging's value in this patient population. Copyright © 2014. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
    Breast (Edinburgh, Scotland) 12/2014;