Journal of Clinical Neuroscience (J CLIN NEUROSCI )

Publisher: Neurosurgical Society of Australasia, Elsevier

Description

The aims of the Journal of Clinical Neuroscience are to publish work relating primarily to clinical neurosurgery and neurology, and the related neurosciences such as neuro-pathology, neuro-radiology, neuro-ophthalmology and neuro-physiology. The journal has a broad international perspective, and emphasises the advances occurring in Asia, the Pacific Rim region, Europe and North America. The Journal acts as a focus for publication of major clinical and laboratory research, as well as publishing solicited manuscripts on specific subjects from experts, case reports and other information of interest to clinicians working in the clinical neurosciences.

  • Impact factor
    1.25
  • 5-year impact
    1.31
  • Cited half-life
    4.40
  • Immediacy index
    0.22
  • Eigenfactor
    0.01
  • Article influence
    0.39
  • Website
    Journal of Clinical Neuroscience website
  • Other titles
    Journal of clinical neuroscience
  • ISSN
    1532-2653
  • OCLC
    31197430
  • Material type
    Periodical, Internet resource
  • Document type
    Journal / Magazine / Newspaper, Internet Resource

Publisher details

Elsevier

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Pre-print allowed on any website or open access repository
    • Voluntary deposit by author of authors post-print allowed on authors' personal website, arXiv.org or institutions open scholarly website including Institutional Repository, without embargo, where there is not a policy or mandate
    • Deposit due to Funding Body, Institutional and Governmental policy or mandate only allowed where separate agreement between repository and the publisher exists.
    • Permitted deposit due to Funding Body, Institutional and Governmental policy or mandate, may be required to comply with embargo periods of 12 months to 48 months .
    • Set statement to accompany deposit
    • Published source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to journal home page or articles' DOI
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Articles in some journals can be made Open Access on payment of additional charge
    • NIH Authors articles will be submitted to PubMed Central after 12 months
    • Publisher last contacted on 18/10/2013
  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Neonatal brain injury caused by extreme prematurity remains a great challenge for prevention. Erythropoietin (EPO) has shown neuroprotective effects in a series of neonatal experimental models and recent clinical trials of premature infants. In this meta-analysis of seven clinical trials, EPO was associated with a highly reproducible reduction in the risk of neurodevelopmental disability in preterm infants. Meanwhile there was no difference in the risk for morbidity, cerebral palsy, visual deficit, severe hearing deficit, necrotizing enterocolitis, intracranial hemorrhage and patent ductus arterisus. The use of EPO, to some extent, is associated with reduction of neurodevelopmental disability in preterm infants. More double blind randomized controlled trials are needed to establish the best therapeutic approach for neuroprotection in preterm infants.
    Journal of Clinical Neuroscience 08/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: A cephalic aura is a common sensory aura typically seen in frontal lobe epilepsy. The generation mechanism of cephalic aura is not fully understood. It is hypothesized that to generate a cephalic aura extensive cortical areas need to be excited. We report a patient who started to have cephalic aura after right frontal lobe resection. Magnetoencephalography (MEG) showed interictal spike and ictal change during cephalic aura, both of which were distributed in the right frontal region, and the latter involved much more widespread areas than the former on MEG sensors. The peculiar seizure onset pattern may indicate that surgical modification of the epileptic network was related to the appearance of cephalic aura. We hypothesize that generation of cephalic aura may be associated with more extensive cortical involvement of epileptic activity than that of interictal activity, in at least a subset of cases.
    Journal of Clinical Neuroscience 08/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Adult brainstem astrocytomas are a rare and heterogeneous group of malignancies. Most reports represent low-grade gliomas. This study used the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) database to analyze the association between survival and demographic factors, tumor histology, and treatment characteristics among adult patients with high-grade brainstem astrocytoma (HGBSA). Adult patients with histologically confirmed diagnoses of primary HGBSA were studied. In univariate and multivariate analysis, we investigated the effect of demographics, tumor histology and treatment modality on survival. Overall median survival in the cohort of 240 adult patients was 7 months, with 1, 2, 5 and 10 year survival rates of 33.2%, 19.7%, 10.1%, and 8.3%, respectively. Age >50 years (hazard ratio [HR] 1.98, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.45 –2.70, p < 0.001) and grade IV versus grade III tumor (HR 1.61, 95% CI 1.15–2.26, p = 0.006) were associated with statistically significant increased mortality in multivariate analyses. Surgical intervention trended toward association with lower mortality (HR 0.68, 95% CI 0.47–1.01, p = 0.055). Our findings suggest that in patients with HGBSA, younger age and lower-grade histology are associated with better prognosis. Surgical intervention trended towards a significant association with better outcome, while radiation treatment was not associated with a statistically significant benefit in survival.
    Journal of Clinical Neuroscience 08/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The activation of hemostatic systems has been detected in spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) patients. The influence of plasma D-dimer levels on clinical outcome remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate the impact of elevated plasma D-dimer levels on early mortality and long-term functional outcome in spontaneous ICH. A total of 259 spontaneous ICH patients (<24 hours from ictus) between November 2010 and October 2011 were included. Clinical information and radiological findings were collected at admission. Spearman correlation analyses revealed that D-dimer concentrations were correlated with midline shift, hematoma volume, intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) score and Glasgow Coma Scale score. Patients with subarachnoid extension had significantly higher D-dimer levels than those without SAH extension. Comparison of patients with IVH and those without yielded a similar result. Multivariate stepwise backward logistic analysis identified plasma D-dimer levels as an independent risk factor for 7 day mortality (adjusted odds ratio [OR] = 1.237, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.017–1.504, p = 0.033) and 3 month poor functional outcome (modified Rankin Scale score ⩾3) (adjusted OR = 2.279, 95% CI 1.130–6.595, p = 0.026). The mechanisms by which elevated D-dimer affects the prognoses of spontaneous ICH patients remain unclear and require clarification in future studies.
    Journal of Clinical Neuroscience 08/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Sickle cell disease can present with neurological manifestations. One such presentation is with posterior reversible leukoencephalopathy also known as reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy. The condition is classically described as reversible over time; it commonly presents with oedematous changes involving the white matter of the occipital and parietal regions. Only a few patients with the association between sickle cell disease and posterior reversible leukoencephalopathy have been described in the adult literature. We present two patients from our institutions to emphasise the association between the two conditions and summarise the published cases in the literature.
    Journal of Clinical Neuroscience 08/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a progressive, neurodegenerative disorder that causes muscle weakness, disability, respiratory failure, and eventually death. However, some ALS patients are diagnosed only after developing respiratory failure. To study the reason for delayed diagnosis of ALS, we reviewed cases of ALS patients with respiratory failure. We retrospectively reviewed all 200 patients diagnosed with sporadic ALS in our hospital from January 2001 to April 2011. Among them, we focused on seven patients who were diagnosed only after developing respiratory failure. We reviewed their clinical characteristics and demographics. The mean time from onset to a correct diagnosis was 15.6 ± standard deviation of 8.0 months. Two patients had already been intubated at a previous hospital because they presented with severe respiratory failure and required emergency intubation. One patient was intubated upon arrival to our hospital. We identified three reasons for the delay in diagnosis: delayed referral to a neurologist (four patients); a shortage of neurologists in rural areas (three patients); and an atypical clinical course with respiratory failure as the initial symptom (two patients). Three patients had undergone emergency intubation without giving informed consent. To provide an informed choice and to avoid unwanted intubation for ALS patients, we suggest extending neurological knowledge of ALS to general practitioners.
    Journal of Clinical Neuroscience 08/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The treatment of intracranial aneurysms with microsurgical clipping is associated with a very low rate of recurrence. However, in cases of aneurysm recurrence after previous clipping, microsurgical dissection due to adhesions and fibrosis may be challenging, and it may be difficult to safely occlude the recurrent lesion without the risk of significant morbidity. Flow-diverting stents have drastically changed the landscape of endovascular neurosurgery. We present two patients with large, recurrent supraclinoid internal carotid artery (ICA) aneurysms which were previously clipped 17 and 23 years ago at outside institutions. Both recurrent lesions were treated with the Pipeline Embolization Device (PED; ev3 Endovascular, Irvine, CA, USA) without radiographic or clinical complications. In the first patient, the 15 mm aneurysm significantly decreased in size at 6 month angiographic follow-up. The 21 mm aneurysm in the second patient was completely occluded 7 months following PED treatment. The moderate degree of in-stent stenosis present on initial follow-up imaging resolved on angiography 11 months post-treatment. The management of recurrent aneurysms after clipping is sparsely reported in the literature due to its infrequent occurrence. In carefully selected cases, flow-diverting stents may be used for complex aneurysms of the distal ICA, even for those which have recurred following microsurgical clipping.
    Journal of Clinical Neuroscience 07/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Several studies have established the short-term safety and efficacy of cervical disc arthroplasty (CDA) as compared to anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF). However, few single-center comparative trials have been performed, and current studies do not contain large numbers of patients. We retrospectively reviewed all patients from a single military tertiary medical center between August 2008 to August 2012 who underwent single-level CDA or single-level ACDF and compared their clinical outcomes and complications. A total of 259 consecutive patients were included in the study, 171 patients in the CDA group with an average follow-up of 9.8 (±9.9) months and 88 patients in the ACDF group with an average follow-up of 11.8 (±9.6) months. Relief of pre-operative symptoms was 90.1% in the CDA group and 86.4% in the ACDF group with rates of return to full pre-operative activity of 93.0% and 88.6%, respectively. Patients who underwent CDA had a higher rate of persistent posterior neck pain (15.8% versus 12.5%), and patients who underwent ACDF were at risk for symptomatic pseudarthrosis at a rate of 3.4%. Reoperation rates were higher in the ACDF group (5.7% versus 3.5%). To our knowledge, this review is the largest, non-funded, comparison study between single-level CDA and single-level ACDF. This study demonstrates that CDA is a safe and reliable alternative to ACDF in the treatment of cervical radiculopathy and myelopathy resulting from spondylosis and acute disc herniation.
    Journal of Clinical Neuroscience 05/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Cervical disc arthroplasty has emerged as a viable technique for the treatment of cervical radiculopathy and myelopathy, with the proposed benefit of maintenance of segmental range of motion. There are relatively few, non-industry sponsored studies examining the outcomes and complications of cervical disc arthroplasty. Therefore, we set out to perform a single center evaluation of the outcomes and complications of cervical disc arthroplasty. We performed a retrospective review of all patients from a single military tertiary medical center undergoing cervical disc arthroplasty from August 2008 to August 2012. The clinical outcomes and complications associated with the procedure were evaluated. A total of 219 consecutive patients were included in the review, with an average follow-up of 11.2 (±11.0) months. Relief of pre-operative symptoms was noted in 88.7% of patients, and 92.2% of patients were able to return to full pre-operative activity. There was a low rate of complications related to the anterior cervical approach (3.2% with recurrent laryngeal nerve injury, 8.9% with dysphagia), with no device/implant related complications. Symptomatic cervical radiculopathy is a common problem in both the civilian and active duty military populations and can cause significant disability leading to loss of work and decreased operational readiness. There exist several surgical treatment options for appropriately indicated patients. Based on our findings, cervical disc arthroplasty is a safe and effective treatment for symptomatic cervical radiculopathy and myelopathy, with a low incidence of complications and high rate of symptom relief.
    Journal of Clinical Neuroscience 05/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The need for posterolateral fusion (PLF) in addition to interbody fusion during minimally invasive (MIS) transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) has yet to be established. Omitting a PLF significantly reduces overall surface area available for achieving a solid arthrodesis, however it decreases the soft tissue dissection and costs of additional bone graft. The authors sought to perform a meta-analysis to establish the fusion rate of MIS TLIF performed without attempting a PLF. We performed an extensive Medline and Ovid database search through December 2010 revealing 39 articles. Inclusion criteria necessitated that a one or two level TLIF procedure was performed through a paramedian MIS approach with bilateral posterior pedicle screw instrumentation and without posterolateral bone grafting. CT scan verified fusion rates were mandatory for inclusion. Seven studies (case series and case-controls) met inclusion criteria with a total of 408 patients who underwent MIS TLIF as described above. The mean age was 50.7years and 56.6% of patients were female. A total of 78.9% of patients underwent single level TLIF. Average radiographic follow-up was 15.6months. All patients had local autologous interbody bone grafting harvested from the pars interarticularis and facet joint of the approach side. Either polyetheretherketone (PEEK) or allograft interbody cages were used in all patients. Overall fusion rate, confirmed by bridging trabecular interbody bone on CT scan, was 94.7%. This meta-analysis suggests that MIS TLIF performed with interbody bone grafting alone has similar fusion rates to MIS or open TLIF performed with interbody supplemented with posterolateral bone grafting and fusion.
    Journal of Clinical Neuroscience 05/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Corpectomy cages with rectangular endcaps utilize the stronger peripheral part of the endplate, potentially decreasing subsidence risk. The authors evaluated cage subsidence during cyclic biomechanical testing, comparing rectangular versus round endcaps. Fourteen cadaveric spinal segments (T12-L2) were dissected and potted at T12 and L2, then assigned to a rectangular (n=7) or round (n=7) endcap group. An L1 corpectomy was performed and under uniform conditions a cage/plate construct was cyclically tested in a servo-hydraulic frame with increasing load magnitude. Testing was terminated if the test machine actuator displacement exceeded 6mm, or the specimen completed cyclic loading at 2400N. Number of cycles, compressive force and force-cycles product at test completion were all greater in the rectangular endcap group compared with the round endcap group (cycles: 3027 versus 2092 cycles; force: 1943N versus 1533N; force-cycles product: 6162kN·cycles versus 3973kN·cycles), however these differences were not statistically significant (p⩾0.076). After normalizing for individual specimen bone mineral density, the same measures increased to a greater extent with the rectangular endcaps (cycles: 3014 versus 1855 cycles; force: 1944N versus 1444N; force-cycles product: 6040kN·cycles versus 2980kN·cycles), and all differences were significant (p⩽0.030). The rectangular endcap expandable corpectomy cage displayed increased resistance to subsidence over the round endcap cage under cyclic loading as demonstrated by the larger number of cycles, maximum load and force-cycles product at test completion. This suggests rectangular endcaps will be less susceptible to subsidence than the round endcap design.
    Journal of Clinical Neuroscience 05/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Increased levels of asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) have been observed in patients with acute ischemic stroke. We aimed to investigate the correlation between ADMA and ischemic stroke, and evaluate the effect of supplementation of folic acid and vitamin B12 on concentrations of ADMA. Patients were randomized into intervention and non-intervention groups within 3days after symptom onset. Intervention group patients were treated with folic acid (5mg daily) and vitamin B12 (500μg twice daily) for 12weeks. ADMA and homocysteine (Hcy) concentrations were measured before treatment (baseline) and 2 and 12weeks after treatment. The laboratory measures were also collected from healthy controls. Eighty five subjects were enrolled in this study, from whom 72 with complete baseline and follow-up laboratory data were included in the present analysis. Thirty four patients were assigned to the intervention group and 38 patients to the non-intervention group. Sixty people were enrolled as healthy controls. Levels of ADMA and Hcy were raised (p<0.05) in patients with acute ischemic stroke. With supplementation of both folic acid and vitamin B12, the levels of ADMA and Hcy decreased significantly at 2 and 12weeks (p<0.05). The present study reconfirmed that ADMA can be regarded as a risk biomarker for acute ischemic stroke. We observed that with supplementation of folic acid and vitamin B12, levels of ADMA were decreased in patients with acute ischemic stroke.
    Journal of Clinical Neuroscience 05/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Ataxia with oculomotor apraxia type 2 (AOA2) is an autosomal recessive cerebellar ataxia associated with mutations in SETX, which encodes the senataxin protein, a DNA/RNA helicase. We describe the clinical phenotype and molecular characterization of a Colombian AOA2 patient who is compound heterozygous for a c.994 C>T (p.R332W) missense mutation in exon 7 and a c.6848_6851delCAGA (p.T2283KfsX32) frameshift deletion in SETX exon 21. Immunocytochemistry of patient-derived fibroblasts revealed a normal cellular distribution of the senataxin protein, suggesting that these mutations do not lead to loss or mis-localization of the protein, but rather that aberrant function of senataxin underlies the disease pathogenesis. Furthermore, we used the alkaline comet assay to demonstrate that patient-derived fibroblast cells exhibit an increased susceptibility to oxidative DNA damage. This assay provides a novel and additional means to establish pathogenicity of SETX mutations.
    Journal of Clinical Neuroscience 05/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Double filtration plasmapheresis (DFPP) is used to treat myasthenia gravis (MG). However, the definite mechanism is unclear. This study investigated whether DFPP improves MG through an immunomodulatory action. Thirty-five MG patients were randomly divided into two treatment groups: Group A (DFPP combined with oral methylprednisolone) and Group B (oral methylprednisolone alone). Their antibody levels, clinical scores, cytokine levels, and CD4(+)CD25(high)Foxp3(+) (regulatory T cell [Treg]) levels were then determined. Anti-titin antibody levels were significantly lower in Group A compared with Group B after treatment. The clinical remission rate in Group A was significantly higher than in Group B. The changes in cytokine levels (interleukin [IL]-2, IL-4, IL-10, and interferon-γ) in sera and the peripheral blood mononuclear cell culture supernatants did not significantly differ before and after the treatments in both groups (p<0.05). The soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1) levels were lower in Group A than in Group B (p<0.05). MG patients exhibited a lower percentage of Treg cells than normal patients. DFPP combined with methylprednisolone treatment increased the Treg cell percentage more than treatment with methylprednisolone alone (p<0.05). DFPP treatment more effectively lowers sICAM-1 and increases Treg cell expression, consequently benefiting MG patients.
    Journal of Clinical Neuroscience 05/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: There are no confirmatory or diagnostic tests or tools to differentiate between essential tremor (ET) and tremor in idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD). Although a number of imaging studies have indicated that there are differences between ET and PD, the functional imaging study findings are controversial. Therefore, we analyzed regional cerebral blood flow (CBF) by perfusion brain single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) to identify differences between ET and tremor-dominant Parkinson's disease (TPD). We recruited 33 patients with TPD, 16 patients with ET, and 33 healthy controls. We compared the severity of tremor symptoms by comparing the Fahn-Tolosa-Marin rating scale (FTM) score and the tremor score from Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) between TPD and ET patients. Subjects were evaluated by neuropsychological assessments, MRI and perfusion SPECT of the brain. Total FTM score was significantly higher in ET patients than TPD patients. However, there was no significant difference in FTM Part A scores between the two patient groups, while the scores for FTM Part B and C were significantly higher in ET patients than TPD patients. Brain SPECT analysis of the TPD group demonstrated significant hypoperfusion of both the lentiform nucleus and thalamus compared to the ET group. Brain perfusion SPECT may be a useful clinical method to differentiate between TPD and ET even during early-phase PD, because the lentiform nucleus and thalamus show differences in regional perfusion between these two groups during this time period. Additionally, we found evidence of cerebellar dysfunction in both TPT and ET.
    Journal of Clinical Neuroscience 05/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MIS TLIF) has become an increasingly popular method of lumbar arthrodesis. However, there are few published studies comparing the clinical outcomes between unilateral and bilateral instrumented MIS TLIF. Sixty-five patients with degenerative lumbar spine disease were enrolled in this study. Thirty-one patients were randomized to the unilateral group and 34 to the bilateral group. Recorded demographic data included sex, age, preoperative diagnosis, and degenerated segment. Operative time, blood loss, hospital stay length, complication rates, and fusion rates were also evaluated. The Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) score and Visual Analog Scale (VAS) pain score data were obtained. All patients were asked to follow-up at 3 and 6months after surgery, and once every 6months thereafter. The mean follow-up was 26.6months (range 18-36months). The two groups were similar in sex, age, preoperative diagnosis, and operated level. The unilateral group had significantly shorter operative time, lower blood loss, and shorter hospital time than the bilateral group. The average postoperative ODI and VAS scores improved significantly in each group. No significant differences were found between the two groups in relation to ODI and VAS. All patients showed evidence of fusion at 12months postoperatively. The total fusion rate, screw failure, and general complication rate were not significantly different. Results showed that single-level MIS TLIF with unilateral pedicle screw fixation would be sufficient in the management of preoperatively stable patients with lumbar degenerative disease. It seems that MIS TLIF with unilateral pedicle screw instrumentation is a better choice for single-level degenerative lumbar spine disease.
    Journal of Clinical Neuroscience 05/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Elevated cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) concentrations of asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), an endogenous inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase, have been found in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). In addition, CSF levels of ADMA are associated with the severity of vasospasm. However, the relation between CSF ADMA levels and the clinical outcome of SAH patients is still unclear. We hypothesized that elevated ADMA levels in CSF might be related to the clinical outcome of SAH patients. CSF ADMA levels were measured in 20 SAH patients at days 3-5, days 7-9 and days 12-14 after SAH onset using high-performance liquid chromatography. Cerebral vasospasm was assessed by transcranial Doppler ultra sonography. Clinical outcome at 2year follow-up was evaluated using the Karnofsky Performance Status scale (KPS). CSF ADMA concentrations in all SAH patients were significantly increased at days 3-5 (p=0.002) after SAH, peaked on days 7-9 (p<0.001) and remained elevated until days 12-14 (p<0.001). In subgroup analysis, significant increases of CSF ADMA levels were found in patients both with and without vasospasm. The KPS scores significantly correlated with CSF levels of ADMA at days 7-9 (correlation coefficient=-0.55, p=0.012; 95% confidence interval -0.80 to -0.14). Binary logistic regression analysis indicated that higher ADMA level at days 7-9 predicted a poor clinical outcome at 2year follow-up after SAH (odds ratio=1.722, p=0.039, 95% confidence interval 1.029 to 2.882). ADMA may be directly involved in the pathological process and future adverse prognosis of SAH.
    Journal of Clinical Neuroscience 05/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Stereotactic frame placement for radiosurgery is assumed to be an uncomfortable experience. We developed angled anterior posts for the Leksell frame to avoid pin penetration of the temporalis muscle. This study aimed to determine the frequency of angled post requirement and quantify the patient pain experience from frame placement. We prospectively enrolled 63 patients undergoing radiosurgery. Angled posts were used when conventional post trajectory was posterior or within 3mm of the superior temporal line to avoid temporalis muscle penetration. Pain scores (0 to 10) were collected prior to frame placement, immediately after frame placement, before radiosurgery, after radiosurgery, and a day after radiosurgery. A total of 63 patients were enrolled: 33 (48%) patients required angled posts. Women were significantly more likely to require angled posts than men (60.0% versus 33.3%, respectively; p=0.034). Mean pain scores were very low, ranging from 0.33 to 2.23. There were no significant differences in pain outcomes between both groups at all time points. Stereotactic frame placement is not perceived to be a painful procedure. This information may be useful when counseling patients about the pain experience with frame application and the option of using angled anterior posts.
    Journal of Clinical Neuroscience 05/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Sinonasal and anterior skull base (ASB) schwannomas are rare entities. The majority of these lesions are found within the sinonasal tract, although some have intracranial extension via invasion of the ASB. Often, these tumors can be confused for other entities, especially olfactory groove meningiomas and esthesioneuroblastomas in the olfactory groove region, and juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibromas in the infratemporal fossa. We present a single institutional series of four patients with sinonasal and ASB schwannomas that were resected purely via an endoscopic endonasal approach. A retrospective chart review was performed to identify individuals with sinonasal and/or ASB schwannomas. Demographic data, presenting symptoms, imaging, treatment, and follow-up were recorded. Two male and two female patients were included in this study. The average age was 53.5years (range, 21 to 71). The most common presenting symptoms were facial pain and hyposmia. All tumors were treated with endoscopic endonasal resection. One patient had intradural intracranial extension and required an extended endoscopic endonasal transcribriform approach with ASB resection, while another case involving the infratemporal fossa was treated with an extended endoscopic endonasal transpterygoid approach to this region. There were no major complications at an average follow-up of 9months (range, 0 to 16). Sinonasal and ASB schwannomas are rare entities, with often nondescript symptoms and can often mimic other types of skull base tumors. Total resection via a purely endoscopic endonasal approach can be considered for these rare neoplasms.
    Journal of Clinical Neuroscience 05/2014;