Nano Letters Journal Impact Factor & Information

Publisher: American Chemical Society, American Chemical Society

Journal description

A central forum for scientists involved in nanoscale research, among a wide range of disciplines that include physical and materials chemistry, biotechnology, and applied physics. Nano Letters reports on fundamental research in all branches of the theory and practice of nanoscience and nanotechnology. It will provide rapid disclosure of the key elements of a study, publishing preliminary, experimental, and theoretical results on the physical, chemical, and biological phenomena, processes and applications of structures within the nanoscale range. Areas of interest include: Synthesis and processing of organic, inorganic, and hybrid nanosized materials by physical, chemical, and biological methods; Modeling and simulation of synthetic, assembly, and interaction processes; Characterization of unique size properties; Realization and application of novel nanostructures and nanodevices. This is the second letters journal launched by ACS, following the 1999 release of Organic Letters, and charged with the same mission: To rapidly communicate preliminary significant research results.

Current impact factor: 13.59

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2016
2014 Impact Factor 13.592
2013 Impact Factor 12.94
2012 Impact Factor 13.025
2011 Impact Factor 13.198
2010 Impact Factor 12.186
2009 Impact Factor 9.991
2008 Impact Factor 10.371
2007 Impact Factor 9.627
2006 Impact Factor 9.96
2005 Impact Factor 9.847
2004 Impact Factor 8.449
2003 Impact Factor 6.144
2002 Impact Factor 5.033

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 14.89
Cited half-life 4.90
Immediacy index 2.55
Eigenfactor 0.36
Article influence 4.89
Website Nano Letters website
Other titles Nano letters (Online), Nano letters
ISSN 1530-6992
OCLC 44445939
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

American Chemical Society

  • Pre-print
    • Author cannot archive a pre-print version
  • Restrictions
    • Must obtain written permission from Editor
    • Must not violate ACS ethical Guidelines
  • Post-print
    • Author cannot archive a post-print version
  • Restrictions
    • If mandated by funding agency or employer/ institution
    • If mandated to deposit before 12 months, must obtain waiver from Institution/Funding agency or use AuthorChoice
    • 12 months embargo
  • Conditions
    • On author's personal website, pre-print servers, institutional website, institutional repositories or subject repositories
    • Non-Commercial
    • Must be accompanied by set statement (see policy)
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • If mandated sooner than 12 months, must obtain waiver from Editors or use AuthorChoice
    • Reviewed on 07/08/2014
  • Classification

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Superconducting layered transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) stand out among other superconductors due to the tunable nature of the superconducting transition, coexistence with other collective electronic excitations (charge density waves) and strong intrinsic spin-orbit coupling. Molybdenum disulphide (MoS2) is the most studied representative of this family of materials, especially since the recent demonstration of the possibility to tune its critical temperature, Tc, by electric-field doping. However, just one of its polymorphs, band-insulator 2H-MoS2, has so far been explored for its potential to host superconductivity. We have investigated the possibility to induce superconductivity in metallic polytypes, 1T- and 1T'-MoS2, by potassium (K) intercalation. We demonstrate that at doping levels significantly higher than that required to induce superconductivity in 2H-MoS2, both 1T and 1T' phases become superconducting, with Tc = 2.8 and 4.6K, respectively. Unusually, K intercalation in this case is responsible both for the structural and superconducting phase transitions. By adding new members to the family of superconducting TMDs our findings open the way to further manipulate and enhance the electronic properties of these technologically important materials.
    Nano Letters 11/2015; DOI:10.1021/acs.nanolett.5b04361
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    ABSTRACT: It has been hypothesized that the ribosome gains additional fidelity during protein translation by probing structural differences in tRNA species. We measure the translocation kinetics of different tRNA species through ~3 nm diameter synthetic nanopores. Each tRNA species varies in the timescale with which it is deformed from equilibrium, as in the translocation step of protein translation. Using machine-learning algorithms we can differentiate among five tRNA species, analyze the ratios of tRNA binary mixtures, and distinguish tRNA isoacceptors.
    Nano Letters 11/2015; DOI:10.1021/acs.nanolett.5b03331
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    ABSTRACT: We report, for the first time, that an encapsulated silver nanoparticle can be directly converted to a silver nanoshell through a nanoscale localized oxidation and reduction process in the gas phase. Silver can be etched when exposed to a mixture of NH3/O2 gases through a mechanism analogous to the formation of aqueous Tollens' reagent, in which a soluble silver-ammonia complex was formed. Starting with Ag@resorcinol-formaldehyde (RF) resin core-shell nanoparticles, we demonstrate that RF-core@Ag-shell nanoparticles can be prepared successfully when the etching rate and RF thickness were well controlled. Due to the strong surface plasmon resonance (SPR) coupling effect among neighboring silver nanoparticles, the RF@Ag nanoparticle showed great SPR and SERS performance. This process provides a general route to the conversion of Ag-core to Ag-shell nanostructures and might be extended to other systems.
    Nano Letters 11/2015; DOI:10.1021/acs.nanolett.5b04328
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    ABSTRACT: Coherently strained Si-SixGe1-x core-shell nanowire heterostructures are expected to possess a positive shell-to-core conduction band offset, allowing for quantum confinement of electrons in the Si core. We report the growth of epitaxial, coherently strained Si-SixGe1-x core-shell heterostructures through the vapor-liquid-solid mechanism for the Si core, followed in-situ by the epitaxial SixGe1-x shell growth using ultra-high vacuum chemical vapor deposition. The Raman spectra of individual nanowires reveal peaks associated with the Si-Si optical phonon mode in the Si core, and the Si-Si, Si-Ge, and Ge-Ge vibrational modes of the SixGe1-x shell. The core Si-Si mode displays a clear red-shift compared to unstrained, bare Si nanowires thanks to the lattice mismatch-induced tensile strain, in agreement with calculated values using a finite-element continuum elasticity model combined with lattice dynamic theory. N-type field-effect transistors using Si-SixGe1-x core-shell nanowires as channel are demonstrated.
    Nano Letters 11/2015; DOI:10.1021/acs.nanolett.5b03961
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    ABSTRACT: Efficient and bright single photon sources at room temperature are critical components for quantum information systems such as quantum key distribution, quantum state teleportation, and quantum computation. However, the intrinsic radiative lifetime of quantum emitters is typically ~10 ns, which severely limits the maximum single photon emission rate and thus entanglement rates. Here, we demonstrate the regime of ultrafast spontaneous emission (~10 ps) from a single quantum emitter coupled to a plasmonic nanocavity at room temperature. The nanocavity integrated with a single colloidal semiconductor quantum dot produces a 540-fold decrease in the emission lifetime and a simultaneous 1,900-fold increase in the total emission intensity. At the same time, the nanocavity acts as a highly efficient optical antenna directing the emission into a single lobe normal to the surface. This plasmonic platform is a versatile geometry into which a variety of other quantum emitters, such as crystal color centers, can be integrated for directional, room-temperature single photon emission rates exceeding 80 GHz.
    Nano Letters 11/2015; DOI:10.1021/acs.nanolett.5b03724
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    ABSTRACT: Using first-principles calculations, we predict that monolayered honeycomb and rectangular two-dimensional (2D) lattice forms of NbN are metastable and naturally derivable from different orientations of its rocksalt structure. While the rectangular form is shown to retain the metallic and superconducting (SC) properties of the bulk, spectacularly contrasting properties emerge in the honeycomb form of NbN: it exhibits (a) semiconducting electronic structure suitable for valleytronics and photocatalysis of water splitting, (b) piezoelectricity with a spontaneous polarization originating from a rare sd2-sp2 type hybridization, and (c) a wide gap in its phonon spectrum making it suitable for use in hot carrier solar cells. Our work demonstrates how low coordination numbers and associated strong bonding stabilize 2D nano-forms of covalently bonded solids, and introduce novel functionalities of technological importance.
    Nano Letters 11/2015; DOI:10.1021/acs.nanolett.5b03275
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    ABSTRACT: Success in super-resolution imaging relies on a proper choice of fluorescent probes. Here, we suggest novel easily produced and biocompatible nanoparticles - carbon nanodots - for super-resolution optical fluctuation bio-imaging (SOFI). The particles revealed an intrinsic dual-color fluorescence, which corresponds to two sub-populations of particles of different electric charge. The neutral nanoparticles localize to cellular nuclei suggesting their potential use as an inexpensive, easily produced nucleus-specific label. The single particle study revealed that the carbon nanodots possess a unique hybrid combination of fluorescence properties exhibiting characteristics of both dye molecules and semiconductor nanocrystals. The results suggest that charge trapping and redistribution on the surface of the particles triggers their transitions between emissive and dark states. These findings open up new possibilities for the utilization of carbon nanodots in the various super-resolution microscopy methods based on stochastic optical switching.
    Nano Letters 11/2015; DOI:10.1021/acs.nanolett.5b03609
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    ABSTRACT: We investigate binding and plasmonic coupling between optically trapped 80nm silver spheres using a combination of spectroscopic sensing and 3D interferometric laser particle tracking on a 1 microsecond timescale. We demonstrate that nanoparticle coupling can be either spontaneous or induced by another particle through confinement of diffusion. We reveal ultra-fast entries and exits of nano-particles inside the optical trap, fast particle rearrangements before binding and dimer formation allowing new insights into nanoparticle self-assembly.
    Nano Letters 11/2015; DOI:10.1021/acs.nanolett.5b02532
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    ABSTRACT: Mechanical forces transmitted through integrin transmembrane receptors play important roles in a variety of cellular processes ranging from cell development to tumorigenesis. Despite the importance of mechanics in integrin function, the magnitude of integrin forces within adhesions remains unclear. Literature suggests a range from 1 to 50 pN, but the upper limit of integrin forces remains unknown. Herein we challenge integrins with the most mechanically stable molecular tension probe, which is comprised of the immunoglobulin 27th (I27) domain of cardiac titin flanked with a fluorophore and gold nanoparticle. Cell experiments show that integrin forces unfold the I27 domain, suggesting that integrin forces exceed ~30-40 pN. The addition of a disulfide bridge within I27 "clamps" the probe and resists mechanical unfolding. Importantly, incubation with a reducing agent initiates SH exchange, thus unclamping I27 at a rate that is dependent on the applied force. By recording the rate of S-S reduction in clamped I27, we infer that integrins apply 110±9 pN within focal adhesions of rat embryonic fibroblasts. The rates of S-S exchange are heterogeneous and integrin subtype-dependent. Nanoparticle titin tension sensors along with kinetic analysis of unfolding demonstrate that a subset of integrins apply tension many fold greater than previously reported.
    Nano Letters 11/2015; DOI:10.1021/acs.nanolett.5b03888
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    ABSTRACT: High-tap-density silicon nanomaterials are highly desirable as anodes for lithium ion batteries, due to their small surface area and minimum first-cycle loss. However, this material poses formidable challenges to polymeric binder design. Binders adhere on to the small surface area to sustain the drastic volume changes during cycling; also the low porosities and small pore size resulting from this material are detrimental to lithium ion transport. This study introduces a new binder, Poly(1-pyrenemethyl methacrylate-co-methacrylic acid) (PPyMAA), for a high-tap-density nano-silicon electrode cycled in a stable manner with a first cycle efficiency of 82% - a value that is further improved to 87% when combined with graphite material. Incorporating the MAA acid functionalities does not change the lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) features or lower the adhesion performance of the PPy homopolymer. Our single-molecule force microscopy measurement of PPyMAA reveals similar adhesion strength between polymer binder and anode surface when compared with conventional polymer such as homo-polyacrylic acid (PAA), while being electronically conductive. The combined conductivity and adhesion afforded by the MAA and pyrene copolymer results in good cycling performance for the high-tap-density Si electrode.
    Nano Letters 11/2015; DOI:10.1021/acs.nanolett.5b03003
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    ABSTRACT: The interactions between surface plasmons (SPs) in metal nanostructures and excitons in quantum emitters (QEs) lead to many interesting phenomena and potential applications that are strongly dependent on the quantum yield of SPs. The difficulty in distinguishing all the possible exciton recombination channels hinders the experimental determination of SP quantum yield. Here, we experimentally measured for the first time the quantum yield of single SPs generated by the exciton-plasmon coupling in a system composed of a single quantum dot and a silver nanowire (NW). By utilizing the SP guiding property of the NW, the decay rates of all the exciton recombination channels, i.e., direct free space radiation channel, SP generation channel, and nonradiative damping channel, are quantitatively obtained. It is determined that the optimum emitter-NW coupling distance for the largest SP quantum yield is about 10 nm, resulting from the different distance-dependent decay rates of the three channels. These results are important for manipulating the coupling between plasmonic nanostructures and QEs and developing on-chip quantum plasmonic devices for potential nanophotonic and quantum information applications.
    Nano Letters 11/2015; DOI:10.1021/acs.nanolett.5b03654
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    ABSTRACT: As a promising high-capacity energy storage technology Li-O2 batteries face two critical challenges - poor cycle lifetime and low round-trip efficiencies, both of which are connected to the high overpotentials. The problem is particularly acute during recharge, where the reactions typically follow two-electron mechanisms that are inherently slow. Here we present a strategy that can significantly reduce recharge overpotentials. Our approach seeks to promote Li2O2 decomposition by one-electron processes, and the key is to stabilize the important intermediate of superoxide species. With the introduction of a highly polarizing electrolyte, we observe the recharge processes are successfully switched from a two-electron pathway to a single-electron one. While similar one-electron route has been reported for the discharge processes, it has rarely been described for recharge except for the initial stage due to the poor mobilities of surface bound superoxide ions (O2-), a necessary intermediate for the mechanism. Key to our observation is the solvation of O2- by an ionic liquid electrolyte (PYR14TFSI). Recharge overpotentials as low as 0.19 V at 100 mA/gcarbon are measured.
    Nano Letters 11/2015; DOI:10.1021/acs.nanolett.5b04097
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    ABSTRACT: Material defects remain as the main bottleneck to the progress of topological insulators (TIs). In particular, efforts to achieve thin TI samples with dominant surface transport have always led to increased defects and degraded mobilities, thus making it difficult to probe the quantum regime of the topological surface states. Here, by utilizing a novel buffer layer scheme composed of an In2Se3/(Bi0.5In0.5)2Se3 heterostructure, we introduce a quantum generation of Bi2Se3 films with an order of magnitude enhanced mobilities than before. This scheme has led to the first observation of the quantum Hall effect in Bi2Se3.
    Nano Letters 11/2015; DOI:10.1021/acs.nanolett.5b03770
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    ABSTRACT: We investigate by means of molecular dynamics simulations stretch-induced stepwise translocation of single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) through graphene nanopores. The intrinsic stepwise DNA motion, found to be largely independent of size and shape of the graphene nanopore, is brought about through alternating conformational changes between spontaneous adhesion of DNA bases to the rim of the graphene nanopore and unbinding due to mechanical force or electric field. The adhesion reduces the DNA bases' vertical conformational fluctuations, facilitating base detection and recognition. A graphene membrane shaped as a quantum point contact permits, by means of transverse electronic conductance measurement, detection of the stepwise translocation of the DNA as predicted through quantum mechanical Green's function-based transport calculations. The measurement scheme described opens a route to enhance the signal-to-noise ratio by not only slowing down DNA translocation to provide sufficient time for base recognition, but also by stabilizing single DNA bases and, thereby, reducing thermal noise.
    Nano Letters 11/2015; DOI:10.1021/acs.nanolett.5b03963
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    ABSTRACT: High-temperature ferromagnetic two-dimensional (2D) materials with flat surfaces have been a long sought goal due to their potential in spintronics applications. Through comprehensive first-principles calculations we show that the recently synthesized MoN2 monolayer is such a material, it is ferromagnetic with a Curie-temperature of nearly 420 K which is higher than that of any flat 2D magnetic materials studied to-date. This novel property, made possible by the electron-deficient nitrogen ions, render transition-metal dinitrides monolayers with unique electronic properties which can be switched from the ferromagnetic metals in MoN2, ZrN2, and TcN2 to half-metallic ones in YN2. Transition-metal dinitrides monolayers may, therefore, serve as good candidates for spintronics devices.
    Nano Letters 11/2015; DOI:10.1021/acs.nanolett.5b03835
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    ABSTRACT: The dielectric constant or relative permittivity (εr) of a dielectric material, which describes how the net electric field in the medium is reduced with respect to the external field, is a parameter of critical importance for charging and screening in electronic devices. Such a fundamental material property is intimately related to not only the polarizability of individual atoms, but also the specific atomic arrangement in the crystal lattice. In this letter, we present both experimental and theoretical investigations on the dielectric constant of few-layer In2Se3 nano-flakes grown on mica substrates by van der Waals epitaxy. A nondestructive microwave impedance microscope is employed to simultaneously quantify the number of layers and local electrical properties. The measured εr increases monotonically as a function of the thickness and saturates to the bulk value at around 6~8 quintuple layers. The same trend of layer-dependent dielectric constant is also revealed by first-principle calculations. Our results of the dielectric response, being ubiquitously applicable to layered 2D semiconductors, are expected to be significant for this vibrant research field.
    Nano Letters 11/2015; DOI:10.1021/acs.nanolett.5b03575