Nano Letters Journal Impact Factor & Information

Publisher: American Chemical Society, American Chemical Society

Journal description

A central forum for scientists involved in nanoscale research, among a wide range of disciplines that include physical and materials chemistry, biotechnology, and applied physics. Nano Letters reports on fundamental research in all branches of the theory and practice of nanoscience and nanotechnology. It will provide rapid disclosure of the key elements of a study, publishing preliminary, experimental, and theoretical results on the physical, chemical, and biological phenomena, processes and applications of structures within the nanoscale range. Areas of interest include: Synthesis and processing of organic, inorganic, and hybrid nanosized materials by physical, chemical, and biological methods; Modeling and simulation of synthetic, assembly, and interaction processes; Characterization of unique size properties; Realization and application of novel nanostructures and nanodevices. This is the second letters journal launched by ACS, following the 1999 release of Organic Letters, and charged with the same mission: To rapidly communicate preliminary significant research results.

Current impact factor: 13.59

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2015
2013 / 2014 Impact Factor 12.94
2012 Impact Factor 13.025
2011 Impact Factor 13.198
2010 Impact Factor 12.186
2009 Impact Factor 9.991
2008 Impact Factor 10.371
2007 Impact Factor 9.627
2006 Impact Factor 9.96
2005 Impact Factor 9.847
2004 Impact Factor 8.449
2003 Impact Factor 6.144
2002 Impact Factor 5.033

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 14.13
Cited half-life 4.40
Immediacy index 2.47
Eigenfactor 0.37
Article influence 5.19
Website Nano Letters website
Other titles Nano letters (Online), Nano letters
ISSN 1530-6992
OCLC 44445939
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

American Chemical Society

  • Pre-print
    • Author cannot archive a pre-print version
  • Restrictions
    • Must obtain written permission from Editor
    • Must not violate ACS ethical Guidelines
  • Post-print
    • Author cannot archive a post-print version
  • Restrictions
    • If mandated by funding agency or employer/ institution
    • If mandated to deposit before 12 months, must obtain waiver from Institution/Funding agency or use AuthorChoice
    • 12 months embargo
  • Conditions
    • On author's personal website, pre-print servers, institutional website, institutional repositories or subject repositories
    • Non-Commercial
    • Must be accompanied by set statement (see policy)
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • If mandated sooner than 12 months, must obtain waiver from Editors or use AuthorChoice
    • Reviewed on 07/08/2014
  • Classification
    ​ white

Publications in this journal

  • Alex W Robertson · Gun-Do Lee · Kuang He · Ye Fan · Christopher S Allen · Sungwoo Lee · Heeyeon Kim · Euijoon Yoon · Haimei Zheng · Angus I Kirkland · Jamie H Warner
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    ABSTRACT: We demonstrate the formation of partial dislocations in graphene at elevated temperatures of ≥500 °C with single atom resolution aberration corrected transmission electron microscopy. The partial dislocations spatially redistribute strain in the lattice, providing an energetically more favorable configuration to the perfect dislocation. Low-energy migration paths mediated by partial dislocation formation have been observed, providing insights into the atomistic dynamics of graphene during annealing. These results are important for understanding the high temperature plasticity of graphene and partial dislocation behavior in related crystal systems, such as diamond cubic materials.
    Nano Letters 08/2015; DOI:10.1021/acs.nanolett.5b02080
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    ABSTRACT: Silicon carbide (SiC) is an intriguing material due to the presence of spin-active point defects in several polytypes, including 4H-SiC. For many quantum information and sensing applications involving such point defects, it is important to couple their emission to high quality optical cavities. Here we present the fabrication of 1D nanobeam photonic crystal cavities (PCC) in 4H-SiC using a dopant-selective etch to undercut a homo-epitaxially grown epilayer of p-type 4H-SiC. These are the first PCCs demonstrated in 4H-SiC and show high quality factors (Q) of up to ~7,000 as well as low modal volumes of < 0.5 (λ/n)(3). We take advantage of the high device yield of this fabrication method to characterize hundreds of devices and determine which PCC geometries are optimal. Additionally, we demonstrate two methods to tune the resonant wavelengths of the PCCs over 5 nm without significant degradation of the Q. Lastly, we characterize nanobeam PCCs coupled to luminescence from silicon vacancy point defects (V1, V2) in 4H-SiC. The fundamental modes of two such PCCs are tuned into spectral overlap with the zero phonon line (ZPL) of the V2 center, resulting in an intensity increase of up to 3-fold. These results are important steps on the path to developing 4H-SiC as a platform for quantum information and sensing.
    Nano Letters 08/2015; DOI:10.1021/acs.nanolett.5b02542
  • Fucong Fei · Zhongxia Wei · Qian-Jin Wang · Pengchao Lu · Shuangbao Wang · Yuyuan Qin · Danfeng Pan · Bo Zhao · Xuefeng Wang · Jian Sun · Xinran Wang · Peng Wang · Jian-Guo Wan · Jianfeng Zhou · Min Han · Fengqi Song · Baigeng Wang · Guanghou Wang
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    ABSTRACT: A lateral heterojunction of topological insulator Sb2Te3/Bi2Te3 was successfully synthesized, where in-plane epitaxial growth and one-dimensional dislocation were visualized by the high-resolution transmission electron microscopy. The semiconducting temperature-resistance curve and crossjunction rectification were realized. First-principle calculations and transport analysis revealed a staggered-gap lateral heterojunction with a small junction field. Topological surface states were demonstrated to be well maintained by the quantum weak antilocalization and single channel electronic coherence. It is appealing for a platform for spin filters and topological interface devices.
    Nano Letters 08/2015; DOI:10.1021/acs.nanolett.5b01987
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    ABSTRACT: Listeriolysin O (LLO) is the major virulence factor of Listeria monocytogenes and a member of the cholesterol-dependent cytolysin (CDC) family. Gram-positive pathogenic bacteria produce water-soluble CDC monomers that bind cholesterol-dependent to the lipid membrane of the attacked cell or of the phagosome, oligomerize into prepores and insert into the membrane to form transmembrane pores. However, the mechanisms guiding LLO towards pore formation are poorly understood. Using electron microscopy and time-lapse atomic force microscopy, we show that wild-type LLO binds to membranes, depending on the presence of cholesterol and other lipids. LLO oligomerizes into arc- or slit-shaped assemblies, which merge into complete rings. All three oligomeric assemblies can form transmembrane pores and their efficiency to form pores depends on the cholesterol and the phospholipid composition of the membrane. Furthermore, the dynamic fusion of arcs, slits and rings into larger rings and their formation of transmembrane pores does not involve a height difference between prepore and pore. Our results reveal new insights into the pore-forming mechanism and introduce a dynamic model of pore formation by LLO and other CDC pore-forming toxins.
    Nano Letters 08/2015; DOI:10.1021/acs.nanolett.5b02963
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    ABSTRACT: A light-driven artificial molecular nanomachine was constructed based on DNA scaffolding. Pyrene-modified walking strands and disulfide bond-connected stator strands, employed as anchorage sites to support walker movement, were assembled into a 2D DNA tile. Pyrene molecules excited by photoirradiation at 350 nm induced cleavage of disulfide bond-connected stator strands, enabling the DNA walker to migrate from one cleaved stator to the next on the DNA tile. Importantly, the light-fuelled movements of the nanomachine could be directly observed in real time during UV irradiation using high-speed atomic force microscopy (HS-AFM).
    Nano Letters 08/2015; DOI:10.1021/acs.nanolett.5b02502
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    ABSTRACT: Dynamic structural and chemical evolution at solid-liquid electrolyte interface is always a mystery for a rechargeable battery due to the challenge to directly probe a solid-liquid interface under reaction conditions. We describe the creation and usage of in situ liquid secondary ion mass spectroscopy (SIMS) for the first time to directly observe the molecular structural evolution at the solid-liquid electrolyte interface for a lithium (Li)-ion battery under dynamic operating conditions. We have discovered that the deposition of Li metal on copper electrode leads to the condensation of solvent molecules around the electrode. Chemically, this layer of solvent condensate tends to be depleted of the salt anions and with reduced concentration of Li(+) ions, essentially leading to the formation of a lean electrolyte layer adjacent to the electrode and therefore contributing to the overpotential of the cell. This observation provides unprecedented molecular level dynamic information on the initial formation of the solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) layer. The present work also ultimately opens new avenues for implanting the in situ liquid SIMS concept to probe the chemical reaction process that intimately involves solid-liquid interface, such as electrocatalysis, electrodeposition, biofuel conversion, biofilm, and biomineralization.
    Nano Letters 08/2015; DOI:10.1021/acs.nanolett.5b02479
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    ABSTRACT: As a way to further improve the electronic properties of group V layered semiconductors, we propose to form in-layer 2D heterostructures of black phosphorus and grey arsenic. We use ab initio density functional theory to optimize the geometry, determine the electronic structure, and identify the most stable allotropes as a function of composition. Since pure black phosphorus and pure grey arsenic monolayers differ in their equilibrium structure, we predict a structural transition and a change in frontier states, including a change from a direct-gap to an indirect-gap semiconductor, with changing composition.
    Nano Letters 08/2015; DOI:10.1021/acs.nanolett.5b02227
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    ABSTRACT: Earth-abundant, low-cost electrocatalysts with outstanding catalytic activity in electrochemical hydrogen evolution reaction are critical in realizing the hydrogen economy to lift our future welfare and civilization. Here, we report that excellent hydrogen evolution reaction activity has been achieved with three-dimensional core/shell Co/Co3O4 nanosheets composed of a metallic cobalt core and an amorphous cobalt oxide shell. A benchmark HER current density of 10 mA cm-2 is achieved at an overpotential of ~ 90 mV in 1 M KOH. The excellent activity is enabled with the unique metallic/oxide core/shell structure that allows a high electrical conductivity in the core and a high catalytic activity on the shell. This finding may open a door to the design and fabrication of earth-abundant, low-cost metal oxide electrocatalysts with a satisfactory hydrogen evolution reaction activity.
    Nano Letters 08/2015; DOI:10.1021/acs.nanolett.5b02205
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    ABSTRACT: We highlight the emergence of metallic states in two-dimensional transition-metal-dichalcogenide nanostructures-nanoribbons, islands, and inversion domain boundaries-as a widespread and universal phenomenon driven by the polar discontinuities occurring at their edges or boundaries. We show that such metallic states form one-dimensional wires of electrons or holes, with a free charge density that increases with the system size, up to complete screening of the polarization charge, and can also be controlled by the specific edge or boundary configurations, e.g., through chemisorption of hydrogen or sulfur atoms at the edges. For triangular islands, local polar discontinuities occur even in the absence of a total dipole moment for the island and lead to an accumulation of free carriers close to the edges, providing a consistent explanation of previous experimental observations. To further stress the universal character of these mechanisms, we show that polar discontinuities give rise to metallic states also at inversion domain boundaries. These findings underscore the potential of engineering transition-metal-dichalcogenide nanostructures for manifold applications in nano- and optoelectronics, spintronics, catalysis, and solar-energy harvesting.
    Nano Letters 08/2015; DOI:10.1021/acs.nanolett.5b02834
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    ABSTRACT: The quantum anomalous Hall effect (QAHE) has been recently demonstrated in Cr- and V-doped three-dimensional topological insulators (TIs) at temperatures below 100 mK. In those materials, the spins of unfilled d-electrons in the transition metal dopants are exchange coupled to develop a long-range ferromagnetic order, which is essential for realizing QAHE. However, the addition of random dopants does not only introduce excess charge carriers that require readjusting the Bi/Sb ratio, but also unavoidably introduces paramagnetic spins that can adversely affect the chiral edge transport in QAHE. In this work, we show a heterostructure approach to independently tune the electronic and magnetic properties of the topological surface states in (BixSb1-x)2Te3 without resorting to random doping of transition metal elements. In heterostructures consisting of a thin (BixSb1-x)2Te3 TI film and yttrium iron garnet (YIG), a high Curie temperature (∼550 K) magnetic insulator, we find that the TI surface in contact with YIG becomes ferromagnetic via proximity coupling which is revealed by the anomalous Hall effect (AHE). The Curie temperature of the magnetized TI surface ranges from 20 to 150 K but is uncorrelated with the Bi fraction x in (BixSb1-x)2Te3. In contrast, as x is varied, the AHE resistivity scales with the longitudinal resistivity. In this approach, we decouple the electronic properties from the induced ferromagnetism in TI. The independent optimization provides a pathway for realizing QAHE at higher temperatures, which is important for novel spintronic device applications.
    Nano Letters 08/2015; DOI:10.1021/acs.nanolett.5b01905
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    ABSTRACT: Replacing or minimizing the use of halogenated organic solvents in the processing and manufacturing of conjugated polymer-based organic electronics has emerged as an important issue due to concerns regarding toxicity, environmental impact, and high cost. To date, however, the processing of well-ordered conjugated polymer nanostructures has been difficult to achieve using environmentally benign solvents. In this work, we report the development of water and alcohol processable nanowires (NWs) with well-defined crystalline nanostructure based on the solution assembly of azide functionalized poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT-azide) and subsequent photo-cross-linking and functionalization of these NWs. The solution-assembled P3HT-azide NWs were successfully cross-linked by exposure to UV light, yielding good thermal and chemical stability. Residual azide units on the photo-cross-linked NWs were then functionalized with alkyne terminated polyethylene glycol (PEG-alkyne) using copper catalyzed azide-alkyne cycloaddition chemistry. PEG functionalization of the cross-linked P3HT-azide NWs allowed for stable dispersion in alcohols and water, while maintaining well-ordered NW structures with electronic properties suitable for the fabrication of organic field effect transistors (OFETs).
    Nano Letters 08/2015; DOI:10.1021/acs.nanolett.5b01185
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    ABSTRACT: The structure and size of ligands attached to the surfaces of gold nanorods, such as adsorbed surfactants or grafted polymers, are important considerations that facilitate the use of such nanoparticles in the human body, in advanced materials for energy harvesting, or in devices for single molecule detection. Here, we report small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) measurements from surfactant or poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) coated gold nanorods in solution, which quantitatively determine the location, structure and composition of these surface layers. In addition, by synthesizing gold nanorods using seed crystals which are coated with deuterated cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (dCTAB), we are able to exploit the isotopic sensitivity of SANS to study, for the first time, the retention of surfactant from the seed crystals to the final gold nanorod product, finding that very little exchange of the deuterated with hydrogenated surfactant occurs. Finally, we demonstrate that when Au NRs are PEGylated using standard techniques, the surfactant bilayer remains intact, and while mass spectrometry detects the presence of both surfactant and PEG, the composition as measured from SANS is predominently that of the surfactant. These measurements not only provide new insight into the synthesis and functionalization of gold nanorods, but provide a quantitative picture of the structure of grafted polymer and surfactant layers on gold nanorod surfaces which has implications for the fabrication of plasmonic and biomedical materials.
    Nano Letters 08/2015; DOI:10.1021/acs.nanolett.5b03088
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    ABSTRACT: We apply multireference electronic structure calculations to demonstrate the presence of conical intersections between the ground and first excited electronic states of three silicon nanocrystals containing defects characteristic of the oxidized silicon surface. These intersections are accessible upon excitation at visible wavelengths and are predicted to facilitate non-radiative recombination with a rate that increases with decreasing particle size. This work illustrates a new framework for identifying defects responsible for non-radiative recombination.
    Nano Letters 08/2015; DOI:10.1021/acs.nanolett.5b02848
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    ABSTRACT: Exfoliated 2H molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) has unique properties and potential applications in a wide range of fields, but corresponding studies have been hampered by the lack of effective routes to it in bulk quantities. This study presents a rapid and efficient route to obtain exfoliated 2H MoS2, which combines fast sonication-assisted lithium intercalation and infrared (IR) laser-induced phase reversion. We found that the complete lithium intercalation of MoS2 with butyllithium could be effected within 1.5 h with the aid of sonication. The 2H to 1T phase transition that occurs during the lithium intercalation could be also reversed by IR laser irradiation with a DVD optical drive.
    Nano Letters 08/2015; DOI:10.1021/acs.nanolett.5b02091
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    ABSTRACT: We grew large single three-dimensional supercrystals from colloidal Pt nanocubes (NCs) suspended in hexane. A synchrotron-based two circle diffractometer was used to obtain an unprecedented level of detail from full sets of small/wide-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS/WAXS) patterns. Automatic indexing and simulations of X-ray patterns enabled detailed reconstruction of NC translation and shape orientation within the supercrystals from atomic to mesometric levels. The supercrystal has an obtuse rhombohedral (Rh) superlattice with space group R3m and a trigonal cell angle of 106.2°. Individual NCs orient themselves in a manner of atomic Pt[111] parallel to superlattice Rh[111]. We analyzed the superlattice structure in context of three spatial relationships of proximate NCs including face-to-face, edge-to-edge, and corner-to-corner configurations. Detailed analysis of supercrystal structure reveals nearly direct corner-to-corner contacts and a tight interlocking NC structure. We employed the correlations between strain and lattice distortion and established the first structural correlating mechanism between five superlattice polymorphs to elucidate the superlattice transformations and associated developing pathways. Together, the experimental and modeling results provide comprehensive structural information toward controlling design and efficient materials-processing for large fabrication of nanobased functional materials with tailored structures and desired properties.
    Nano Letters 08/2015; DOI:10.1021/acs.nanolett.5b02879
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    ABSTRACT: In graphene, the extremely fast charge carriers can be controlled by electron-optical elements, such as waveguides, in which the transmissivity is tuned by the wavelength. In this work charge carriers are guided in a suspended ballistic few-mode graphene channel, defined by electrostatic gating. By depleting the channel, a reduction of mode number and steps in the conductance are observed, until the channel is completely emptied. The measurements are supported by tight-binding transport calculations including the full electrostatics of the sample.
    Nano Letters 08/2015; DOI:10.1021/acs.nanolett.5b01877
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    ABSTRACT: Crystalline silicon-based complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor transistors have become a dominant platform for today's electronics. For such devices, expensive and complicated vacuum processes are used in the preparation of active layers. This increases cost and restricts the scope of applications. Here, we demonstrate high-performance solution-processed CdSe nanocrystal (NC) field-effect transistors (FETs) that exhibit very high carrier mobilities (over 400 cm(2)/Vs). This is comparable to the carrier mobilities of crystalline silicon-based transistors. Furthermore, our NC FETs exhibit high operational stability and MHz switching speeds. These NC FETs are prepared by spin coating colloidal solutions of CdSe NCs capped with molecular solders [Cd2Se3](2-) onto various oxide gate dielectrics followed by thermal annealing. We show that the nature of gate dielectrics plays an important role in soldered CdSe NC FETs. The capacitance of dielectrics and the NC electronic structure near gate dielectric affect the distribution of localized traps and trap filling, determining carrier mobility and operational stability of the NC FETs. We expand the application of the NC soldering process to core-shell NCs consisting of a III-V InAs core and a CdSe shell with composition-matched [Cd2Se3](2-) molecular solders. Soldering CdSe shells forms nano-heterostructured material that combines high electron mobility and near-IR photoresponse.
    Nano Letters 08/2015; DOI:10.1021/acs.nanolett.5b01258