Radiographics (RadioGraphics)

Publisher: Radiological Society of North America

Journal description

The primary mission of RadioGraphics is to publish the best in peer-reviewed educational material, emphasizing that presented at the annual meeting of the RSNA, for radiologists, trainees, physicists, and other radiologic professionals.

Current impact factor: 2.73

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2015
2013 / 2014 Impact Factor 2.729
2012 Impact Factor 2.791
2011 Impact Factor 2.854
2010 Impact Factor 2.76
2009 Impact Factor 2.747
2008 Impact Factor 3.095
2007 Impact Factor 2.542
2006 Impact Factor 2.344
2005 Impact Factor 2.205
2004 Impact Factor 2.494
2003 Impact Factor 2.063
2002 Impact Factor 2.191
2001 Impact Factor 1.895
2000 Impact Factor 1.396
1999 Impact Factor 1.615
1998 Impact Factor 1.042
1997 Impact Factor 1.073
1996 Impact Factor 1.068
1995 Impact Factor 1.073
1994 Impact Factor 1.078
1993 Impact Factor 0.721
1992 Impact Factor 0.688

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 3.67
Cited half-life 8.20
Immediacy index 0.39
Eigenfactor 0.01
Article influence 1.09
Website RadioGraphics website
Other titles Radiographics (Online), Radiographics
ISSN 1527-1323
OCLC 42644257
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Radiological Society of North America

  • Pre-print
    • Author cannot archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author cannot archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Can request from Publisher permission to link to article
    • RSNA will deposit final published version of NIH author's article in PubMed Central
    • RSNA requires a 12 months embargo on submission to PubMed Central
  • Classification
    ​ white

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Traditionally, due to its low cost, ready availability, and proved diagnostic accuracy, ultrasonography (US) has been the primary imaging modality for the evaluation of scrotal and, to a lesser extent, penile disease. However, US is limited by its relatively small useful field of view, operator dependence, and inability to provide much information on tissue characterization. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, with its excellent soft-tissue contrast and good spatial resolution, is increasingly being used as both a problem-solving tool in patients who have already undergone US and as a primary modality for the evaluation of suspected disease. Specifically, MR imaging can aid in differentiating between benign and malignant lesions seen at US, help define the extent of inflammatory processes or traumatic injuries, and play a vital role in locoregional staging of tumors. Consequently, it is becoming more important for radiologists to be familiar with the wide range of penile and scrotal disease entities and their MR imaging appearances. The authors review the basic anatomy of the penis and scrotum as seen at MR imaging and provide a basic protocol for penile and scrotal imaging, with emphasis on the advantages of MR imaging. Pathologic processes are organized into traumatic (including penile fracture and contusion), infectious or inflammatory (including Fournier gangrene and scrotal abscess), and neoplastic (including both benign and malignant scrotal and penile tumors) processes. (©)RSNA, 2015.
    Radiographics 06/2015; DOI:10.1148/rg.2015140161
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Radiologists play an important role in evaluation of geriatric trauma patients. Geriatric patients have injury patterns that differ markedly from those seen in younger adults and are susceptible to serious injury from minor trauma. The spectrum of trauma in geriatric patients includes head and spine injury, chest and rib trauma, blunt abdominal injury, pelvic fractures, and extremity fractures. Clinical evaluation of geriatric trauma patients is difficult because of overall frailty, comorbid illness, and medication effects. Specific attention should be focused on the effects of medications in this population, including anticoagulants, steroids, and bisphosphonates. Radiologists should use age-appropriate algorithms for radiography, computed tomography (CT), and magnetic resonance imaging of geriatric trauma patients and follow guidelines for intravenous contrast agent administration in elderly patients with impaired renal function. Because there is less concern about risk for cancer with use of ionizing radiation in this age group, CT is the primary imaging modality used in the setting of geriatric trauma. Clinical examples are provided from the authors' experience at a trauma center where geriatric patients who have sustained major and minor injuries are treated daily. (©)RSNA, 2015.
    Radiographics 06/2015; DOI:10.1148/rg.2015140130
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Despite remarkable progress in prevention and treatment, infectious diseases affecting the central nervous system remain an important source of morbidity and mortality, particularly in less-developed countries and in immunocompromised persons. Bacterial, fungal, and parasitic pathogens are derived from living organisms and affect the brain, spinal cord, or meninges. Infections due to these pathogens are associated with a variety of neuroimaging patterns that can be appreciated at magnetic resonance imaging in most cases. Bacterial infections, most often due to Streptococcus, Haemophilus, and Neisseria species, cause significant meningitis, whereas the less common cerebritis and subsequent abscess formation have well-documented progression, with increasingly prominent altered signal intensity and corresponding contrast enhancement. Atypical bacterial infections are characterized by the development of a granulomatous response, classically seen in tuberculosis, in which the tuberculoma is the most common parenchymal form of the disease; spirochetal and rickettsial diseases are less common. Fungal infections predominate in immunocompromised hosts and are caused by yeasts, molds, and dimorphic fungi. Cryptococcal meningitis is the most common fungal infection, whereas candidiasis is the most common nosocomial infection. Mucormycosis and aspergillosis are characterized by angioinvasiveness and are associated with high morbidity and mortality among immunocompromised patients. In terms of potential exposure in the worldwide population, parasitic infections, including neurocysticercosis, toxoplasmosis, echinococcosis, malaria, and schistosomiasis, are the greatest threat. Rare amebic infections are noteworthy for their extreme virulence and high mortality. The objective of this article is to highlight the characteristic neuroimaging manifestations of bacterial, fungal, and parasitic diseases, with emphasis on radiologic-pathologic correlation and historical perspectives. (©)RSNA, 2015.
    Radiographics 06/2015; DOI:10.1148/rg.2015140317
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In the last 2 decades, endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal surgery has become the most popular choice of neurosurgeons and otolaryngologists to treat lesions of the skull base, with minimal invasiveness, lower incidence of complications, and lower morbidity and mortality rates compared with traditional approaches. The transsphenoidal route is the surgical approach of choice for most sellar tumors because of the relationship of the sphenoid bone to the nasal cavity below and the pituitary gland above. More recently, extended approaches have expanded the indications for transsphenoidal surgery by using different corridors leading to specific target areas, from the crista galli to the spinomedullary junction. Computer-assisted surgery is an evolving technology that allows real-time anatomic navigation during endoscopic surgery by linking preoperative triplanar radiologic images and intraoperative endoscopic views, thus helping the surgeon avoid damage to vital structures. Preoperative computed tomography is the preferred modality to show bone landmarks and vascular structures. Radiologists play an important role in surgical planning by reporting extension of sphenoid pneumatization, recesses and septations of the sinus, and other relevant anatomic variants. Radiologists should understand the relationships of the sphenoid bone and skull base structures, anatomic variants, and image-guided neuronavigation techniques to prevent surgical complications and allow effective treatment of skull base lesions with the endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal approach. (©)RSNA, 2015.
    Radiographics 06/2015; DOI:10.1148/rg.2015140105
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The implementation of standardized infection control and prevention practices is increasingly relevant as modern radiology practice evolves into its more clinical role. Current Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institutes of Health, and World Health Organization guidelines for the proper use of personal protective equipment, decontamination of reusable medical equipment, and appropriate management of bloodborne pathogen exposures will be reviewed. Standard precautions apply to all patients at all times and are the mainstay of infection control. Proper hand hygiene includes washing hands with soap and water when exposed to certain infectious particles, such as Clostridium difficile spores, which are not inactivated by alcohol-based hand rubs. The appropriate use of personal protective equipment in accordance with recommendations from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention includes wearing a surgical mask during lumbar puncture. Because radiologists may perform lumbar punctures for patients with prion disease, it is important to appreciate that incineration is the most effective method of inactivating prion proteins. However, there is currently no consensus recommendation on the decontamination of prion-contaminated reusable items associated with lumbar puncture, and institutional policies should be consulted for directed management. In the event of a needlestick injury, radiology staff must be able to quickly provide appropriate initial management and seek medical attention, including laboratory testing for bloodborne pathogens. Online supplemental material is available for this article. (©)RSNA, 2015.
    Radiographics 06/2015; DOI:10.1148/rg.2015140034
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) is an emerging technology used in diagnostic breast imaging to evaluate potential abnormalities. In DBT, the compressed breast tissue is imaged in a quasi-three-dimensional manner by performing a series of low-dose radiographic exposures and using the resultant projection image dataset to reconstruct cross-sectional in-plane images in standard mammographic views. Improved visualization of breast detail at diagnostic DBT allows improved characterization of findings, including normal structures and breast cancer. This technology reduces the summation of overlapping breast tissue, which can mimic breast cancer, and provides improved detail of noncalcified mammographic findings seen in breast cancer. It also assists in lesion localization and determining mammographic extent of disease in women with known or suspected breast cancer. The authors review the potential uses, benefits, and limitations of DBT in the diagnostic setting and discuss how radiologists can best use DBT to characterize lesions, localize potential abnormalities, and evaluate the extent of known or suspected breast cancer. The authors' experience shows that DBT can be implemented effectively in the diagnostic workflow to evaluate and localize potential lesions more efficiently. DBT may potentially replace conventional supplemental mammography at diagnostic workup and obviate ultrasonography in select cases. Online supplemental material is available for this article. (©)RSNA, 2015.
    Radiographics 05/2015; DOI:10.1148/rg.2015140204
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Multidetector coronary computed tomography (CT), which is widely performed to assess coronary artery disease noninvasively and accurately, provides excellent image quality. Use of electrocardiography (ECG)-controlled tube current modulation and low tube voltage can reduce patient exposure to nephrotoxic contrast media and carcinogenic radiation when using standard coronary CT with a retrospective ECG-gated helical scan. Various imaging techniques are expected to overcome the limitations of standard coronary CT, which also include insufficient spatial and temporal resolution, beam-hardening artifacts, limited coronary plaque characterization, and an inability to allow functional assessment of coronary stenosis. Use of a step-and-shoot scan, iterative reconstruction, and a high-pitch dual-source helical scan can further reduce radiation dose. Dual-energy CT can improve contrast medium enhancement and reasonably reduce the contrast dose when combined with noise reduction with the use of iterative reconstruction. High-definition CT can improve spatial resolution and diagnostic evaluation of small or peripheral coronary vessels and coronary stents. Dual-source CT and a motion correction algorithm can improve temporal resolution and reduce coronary motion artifacts. Whole-heart coverage with 320-detector CT and an intelligent boundary registration algorithm can eliminate stair-step artifacts. By decreasing beam hardening and enabling material decomposition, dual-energy CT is expected to remove or reduce the depiction of coronary calcification to improve intraluminal evaluation of calcified vessels and to provide detailed analysis of coronary plaque components and accurate qualitative and quantitative assessment of myocardial perfusion. Fractional flow reserve derived from coronary CT is a state-of-the-art noninvasive technique for accurately identifying myocardial ischemia beyond coronary CT. Understanding these techniques is important to enhance the value of coronary CT for assessment of coronary artery disease. (©)RSNA, 2015.
    Radiographics 05/2015; DOI:10.1148/rg.2015140181
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The oral cavity and oropharynx are common locations of neoplastic lesions; neoplasms at these sites are often treated with surgery. The goal of this surgical treatment is to achieve tumor control while preserving, whenever possible, the function of local structures. The procedure used depends largely on the location and extension of the tumor and the disease stage. Follow-up evaluation of patients is done with computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. The ability to interpret characteristic features at CT and MR imaging is particularly important because normal anatomic structures are altered in specific patterns according to the distinct surgical technique applied. Anatomic changes resulting from the most commonly performed procedures (eg, glossectomy, pelvectomy, and mandibulectomy) will be presented with CT and MR images, multiplanar reconstructions, and schematic illustrations. Understanding of postsurgical CT and MR imaging findings is important to avoid misinterpretation and confusion. Familiarity with the typical postsurgical imaging appearance of the oral cavity and oropharynx is crucial for differentiating normal postsurgical changes from persistent or recurrent disease and for diagnosis of associated second primary malignancies. Knowledge of postsurgical findings is essential for analysis of the oral cavity and oropharynx and allows early diagnosis of tumor recurrence or typical complications after surgical reconstruction. (©)RSNA, 2015.
    Radiographics 05/2015; 35(3):804-18. DOI:10.1148/rg.2015140077
  • Radiographics 05/2015; 35(3):656. DOI:10.1148/rg.2015154002
  • Radiographics 05/2015; 35(3):971-2. DOI:10.1148/rg.2015140306
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT)/computed tomography (CT) is ideally suited for assessment of low back pain in children and young adults. Spondylolysis is one of the most common structural causes of low back pain and is readily identified and characterized in terms of its chronicity and likelihood to heal. The value of SPECT/CT extends to identification and characterization of other causes of low back pain, including abnormalities of the posterior elements, developing vertebral endplate, transverse processes, and sacrum and sacroiliac joint. Some of the disease processes that are identifiable at SPECT/CT are similar to those that occur in adults (eg, facet hypertrophy) but may be accelerated in young patients by high-level athletic activities. Other processes (eg, limbus vertebrae) are more unique to children, related to injury of the developing spine. The authors review the spectrum of pars interarticularis abnormalities with emphasis on the imaging features of causes of pediatric low back pain other than spondylolysis. (©)RSNA, 2015.
    Radiographics 05/2015; 35(3):819-34. DOI:10.1148/rg.2015140092
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Online public repositories for sharing research data allow investigators to validate existing research or perform secondary research without the expense of collecting new data. Patient data made publicly available through such repositories may constitute a breach of personally identifiable information if not properly de-identified. Imaging data are especially at risk because some intricacies of the Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM) format are not widely understood by researchers. If imaging data still containing protected health information (PHI) were released through a public repository, a number of different parties could be held liable, including the original researcher who collected and submitted the data, the original researcher's institution, and the organization managing the repository. To minimize these risks through proper de-identification of image data, one must understand what PHI exists and where that PHI resides, and one must have the tools to remove PHI without compromising the scientific integrity of the data. DICOM public elements are defined by the DICOM Standard. Modality vendors use private elements to encode acquisition parameters that are not yet defined by the DICOM Standard, or the vendor may not have updated an existing software product after DICOM defined new public elements. Because private elements are not standardized, a common de-identification practice is to delete all private elements, removing scientifically useful data as well as PHI. Researchers and publishers of imaging data can use the tools and process described in this article to de-identify DICOM images according to current best practices. (©)RSNA, 2015.
    Radiographics 05/2015; 35(3):727-35. DOI:10.1148/rg.2015140244
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Pediatric vasculitides are multisystem diseases that can be diagnostic challenges because of variable clinical manifestations. The clinical manifestation is determined by the size of the affected vessels, organs involved, extent of vascular injury, and underlying pathologic characteristics. Henoch-Schönlein purpura and Kawasaki disease are the two most common subtypes of pediatric vasculitis. Diagnosis of pediatric vasculitis can be difficult, and the outcome can be serious or fatal in the absence of timely intervention. Imaging plays a central role in establishing the diagnosis of vasculitis involving large- and medium-sized vessels, visualizing its vascular and extravascular manifestations, and monitoring the disease course and response to treatment. Although imaging cannot depict the vessel changes of small-vessel vasculitis directly, it can be used to detect tissue damage resulting from vessel inflammation. This article discusses the classification and clinical features of the major pediatric vasculitides. The imaging approach to and nonneurologic findings of major pediatric vasculitis subtypes are reviewed for the pediatric body imager. (©)RSNA, 2015.
    Radiographics 05/2015; 35(3):849-65. DOI:10.1148/rg.2015140076
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Cardiac sarcoidosis is a rare but potentially fatal disorder with a nonspecific spectrum of clinical manifestations, including conduction disorders, congestive heart failure, ventricular arrhythmias, and sudden cardiac death. Although early treatment to improve morbidity and mortality is desirable, sensitive and accurate detection of cardiac sarcoidosis remains a challenge. Except for the histopathologic finding of noncaseating granulomas in an endomyocardial biopsy specimen, most diagnostic tests are limited and nonspecific at best. Therefore, the decision to initiate treatment is based largely on the patient's clinical symptoms and the course of the disease, rather than histologic confirmation. Successful recognition of cardiac sarcoidosis ultimately requires rigorous collaboration among a clinician, radiologist, and pathologist. Advanced imaging modalities, such as cardiac magnetic resonance imaging and positron emission tomography with fluorodeoxyglucose, have become increasingly useful in facilitating diagnosis and therapeutic monitoring, although limited prospective studies exist. This article describes the clinical parameters and pathologic findings of cardiac sarcoidosis and the advanced imaging features and differential diagnostic challenges that must be considered for a successful diagnostic approach. In addition, to improve the understanding of abnormalities detected with different imaging modalities, we suggest a unified terminology in describing radiologic findings related to cardiac sarcoidosis. (©)RSNA, 2015.
    Radiographics 05/2015; 35(3):657-79. DOI:10.1148/rg.2015140247
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Despite technologic advances in prosthetic joint replacement, young patients who have lost a large volume of bone or soft tissue because of a tumor or traumatic injury may not be good candidates for prosthetic implants, which have limited longevity relative to that of biologic tissue grafts. In recent years, the use of biologic materials in orthopedic surgery has increased. Such materials, known as allografts, consist of cadaveric bone, cartilage, and other soft tissues that can be transplanted into a living patient. Alternatively, osteochondral autografts, or autologous grafts of the patient's own bone and/or cartilage, can be harvested from one body site and transplanted to another. Surgical procedures range from the local implantation of small osteochondral plugs to the replacement of entire joints with allografts. The size of the allograft used depends on the amount of bone and soft tissue needed. The use of allografts in patients with large-volume bone loss often preserves limb function, obviating amputation, which makes it an attractive option for treatment of young patients. Advantages of using allografts include the similarity of graft materials to native tissues and the decreased patient morbidity in the absence of an autograft donor site; disadvantages include slower biologic remodeling and graft incorporation than are typical with the use of autologous grafts. Potential complications of allograft tissue implantation include graft nonunion, collapse, and failure; infection; and secondary osteoarthritis. The article discusses the indications for and basic steps involved in each type of transplant procedure, normal pre- and postoperative imaging appearances, and imaging features that may be indicative of transplant complications. (©)RSNA, 2015.
    Radiographics 05/2015; 35(3):780-92. DOI:10.1148/rg.2015140070
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Bibliometric parameters have become an important part of modern assessment of academic productivity. These parameters exist for the purpose of evaluating authors (publication count, citation count, h-index, m-quotient, hc-index, e-index, g-index, i-10 [i-n] index) and journals (impact factor, Eigenfactor, article influence score, SCImago journal rank, source-normalized impact per paper). Although in recent years there has been a proliferation of bibliometric parameters, the true meaning and appropriate use of these parameters is generally not well understood. Effective use of existing and emerging bibliometric tools can aid in assessment of academic productivity, including readiness for promotions and other awards. However, if not properly understood, the data can be misinterpreted and may be subject to manipulation. Familiarity with bibliometric parameters will aid in their effective implementation in the review of authors-whether individuals or groups-and journals, as well as their possible use in the promotions review process, maximizing the effectiveness of bibliometric analysis. (©)RSNA, 2015.
    Radiographics 05/2015; 35(3):736-46. DOI:10.1148/rg.2015140036
  • Radiographics 05/2015; 35(3):899-900. DOI:10.1148/rg.2015140124