Chemistry - A European Journal (Chem Eur J )

Publisher: Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker; Koninklijke Nederlandse Chemische Vereniging; Société royale de chimie (Belgium); Koninklijke Vlaamse Chemische Vereniging; Società chimica italiana; All authors, John Wiley and Sons

Description

Since 1995 Chemistry - A European Journal is the new international forum based in Europe for the publication of outstanding Full Papers from all areas of chemistry and related fields. Chemistry increases the visibility of European chemistry and attracts authors and readers worldwide under the motto "Made in Europe for the World". It appears bimonthly and has established itself as a truly international journal with top quality contributions from Europe the US and Japan. All manuscripts are peer-reviewed and electronic processing ensures accurate reproduction of text and data and short publication times. An additional "Concepts" section in Chemistry provides the nonspecialist reader with a useful conceptual guide to unfamiliar areas and the expert with new angles on familiar problems. For information about the European Journals see Editorial . Society Affiliations 14 European Chemical Societies Kurztext Chemistry - A European Journal publiziert seit 1995 "Full Papers" aus allen Gebieten der Chemie einschließlich ihrer Grenzbereiche. Sie erscheint zweimal monatlich. Als europäisches Forum für ausführliche Originalpublikationen zieht sie Beiträge von international bekannten Autoren aus der ganzen Welt an und ist daher für jeden Chemiker unverzichtbar. Die Rubrik "Concepts" führt Nicht-Spezialisten in neue Gebiete ein und stellt Spezialisten bekannte Probleme aus einem neuen Blickwinkel vor. Informationen über die "European Journals" siehe: Editorial . Readers Chemists of all disciplines

  • Impact factor
    5.93
  • 5-year impact
    5.87
  • Cited half-life
    3.90
  • Immediacy index
    1.29
  • Eigenfactor
    0.17
  • Article influence
    1.53
  • Website
    Chemistry - A European Journal website
  • Other titles
    Chemistry (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany: Online), Chemistry, Angewandte Chemie (International ed. in English: Online), Angewandte Chemie (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany: Online), Chembiochem (Online), Chemphyschem (Online)
  • ISSN
    1521-3765
  • OCLC
    42084594
  • Material type
    Document, Periodical, Internet resource
  • Document type
    Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

John Wiley and Sons

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • See Wiley-Blackwell entry for articles after February 2007
    • On personal web site or secure external website at authors institution
    • Deposit in institutional repositories is not allowed
    • JASIST authors may deposit in an institutional repository
    • Non-commercial
    • Pre-print must be accompanied with set phrase (see individual journal copyright transfer agreements)
    • Published source must be acknowledged with set phrase (see individual journal copyright transfer agreements)
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Articles in some journals can be made Open Access on payment of additional charge
    • 'John Wiley and Sons' is an imprint of 'Wiley'
  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The synthesis and photochemical study of novel nonsymmetrical 1,2-dithienylethenes (DTEs) with a maleimide bridge have been carried out. The synthetic approach to the DTEs was based on selective and successive palladium-catalyzed cross-coupling reactions of 5-susbtituted-2-methyl-3-thiophenyl indium reagents with a 3,4-dichloromaleimide. The required organoindium reagents were prepared from 2-methyl-3,5-dibromothiophene by a selective coupling reaction with other triorganoindium compounds (R3In) at C-5 and subsequent metal-halogen exchange. The coupling reactions usually gave good yields and have a high atom economy with substoichiometric amounts of R3In. The results of photochemical studies show that these novel dithienylmaleimides undergo a photocyclization reaction upon irradiation in the UV region and a photocycloreversion after excitation in the visible region, thus allowing their use as photochemical switches. On-off operations can be repeated in successive cycles without appreciable loss of effectiveness in the process.
    Chemistry - A European Journal 12/2015;
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    ABSTRACT: Herein a combined NOE NMR/DFT methodology to discriminate between adducts held together by halogen bonding (XB) and other noncovalent interactions (non-XB, such as lone pair/π), based on the determination of the XB donors′ and acceptors′ relative orientation, is proposed. In particular, 19F,1H HOESY NMR spectroscopy experiments and DFT calculations on different XB donors, such as perfluorohexyl iodide (I1), iodopentafluorobenzene (I2) and bromopentafluorobenzene (Br), combined with different Lewis bases, such as 1,4-diazabicyclo[2.2.2]octane (DABCO) and 2,4,6-trimethylpyridine (Me3Py), were performed. The results clearly show that in the case DABCO/I1 the XB adduct is practically the only one present in solution, whereas for the other pairs a certain amount of non-XB adduct is present. Combining DFT and HOESY results, the amount of non-XB adducts can be roughly quantified under our experimental conditions as 4 % for DABCO/I2, between 10 and 20 % for Me3Py/I1 and Me3Py/I2, and 44 % for DABCO/Br.
    Chemistry - A European Journal 01/2015; 21(1):440.
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    ABSTRACT: The EPR properties of a novel triradical obtained by single-electron oxidation of a nitroxide-spin-labelled rotaxane containing a tetrathiafulvalene unit and cyclobis(paraquat-p-phenylene) ring is reported. Rotaxanation is proved to have a dramatic effect on through-space magnetic interactions between radical fragments. Analysis of the EPR spectra by a three-jump model, allowed us to obtain structural information on the interlocked structure.
    Chemistry - A European Journal 12/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The octahedral molybdenum cluster-based compound, Cs2Mo6Bri8Bra6 was immobilized on graphene oxide (GO) by using a facile approach. High resolution transmission electron microscopy results revealed that molybdenum clusters were uniformly distributed on the GO nanosheets. Cs2Mo6Bri8Bra6 was attached to the GO support via chemical interaction between apical ligands of Mo6Bri8Bra6 cluster units and oxygen functionalities of GO, as revealed by XPS studies. The developed material was used for the synthesis of dimethyl carbonate by reduction of carbon dioxide. The synthesized catalyst, that is, GO–Cs2Mo6Bri8Brax, exhibited higher catalytic efficiency than its homogeneous analogue without using dehydrating agent. The catalyst was found to be efficiently recyclable without significant loss of catalytic activity.
    Chemistry - A European Journal 12/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: A short total synthesis of (±)-garcinol and (±)-isogarcinol, two endo-type B PPAPs with reported activity against methiciline resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), is presented. The separation of framework-constructing from framework-decorating steps and the application of two highly regio- and stereoselective Pd-catalysed allylations, that is, the Pd-catalysed decarboxylative Tsuji–Trost allylation and the diastereoselective Pd-catalysed allyl–allyl cross-coupling, are key elements that allowed the total synthesis to be accomplished within 13 steps starting from acetylacetone. After separation of the enantiomers the absolute configurations of the four natural products (i.e., (−)-garcinol, (+)-guttiferone E (i.e., ent-garcinol), (−)-isogarcinol, and (+)-isoxanthochymol (i.e., ent-isogarcinol)) were assigned based on ECD spectroscopy.
    Chemistry - A European Journal 12/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Photoregulation of RNA remains a challenging task as the introduction of a photoswitch entails changes in the shape and the stability of the duplex that strongly depend on the chosen linker strategy. Herein, the influence of a novel nucleosidic linker moiety on the photoregulation efficiency of azobenzene is investigated. To this purpose, two azobenzene C-nucleosides were stereoselectively synthesized, characterized, and incorporated into RNA oligonucleotides. Spectroscopic characterization revealed a reversible and fast switching process, even at 20 °C, and a high thermal stability of the respective cis isomers. The photoregulation efficiency of RNA duplexes upon trans-to-cis isomerization was investigated by using melting point studies and compared with the known D-threoninol-based azobenzene system, revealing a photoswitching amplitude of the new residues exceeding 90 % even at room temperature. Structural changes in the duplexes upon photoisomerization were investigated by using MM/MD calculations. The excellent photoswitching performance at room temperature and the high thermal stability make these new azobenzene residues promising candidates for in-vivo and nanoarchitecture photoregulation applications of RNA.
    Chemistry - A European Journal 12/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Reactions of the tris(3,5-dimethylpyrazolyl)methanide amido complexes [M′{C(3,5-Me2pz)3}{N(SiMe3)2}] (M′=Mg (1 a), Zn (1 b), Cd (1 c); 3,5-Me2pz=3,5-dimethylpyrazolyl) with two equivalents of the acidic Group 6 cyclopentadienyl (Cp) tricarbonyl hydrides [MCp(CO)3H] (M=Cr (2 a), Mo (2 b)) gave different types of heterobimetallic complex. In each case, two reactions took place, namely the conversion of the tris(3,5-dimethylpyrazolyl)methanide ligand (Tpmd*) into the -methane derivative (Tpm*) and the reaction of the acidic hydride MH bond with the M′N(SiMe3)2 moiety. The latter produces HN(SiMe3)2 as a byproduct. The Group 2 representatives [Mg(Tpm*){MCp(CO)3}2(thf)] (3 a/b) form isocarbonyl bridges between the magnesium and chromium/molybdenum centres, whereas direct metal–metal bonds are formed in the case of the ions [Zn(Tpm*){MCp(CO)3}]+ (4 a/b; [MCp(CO)3]− as the counteranion) and [Cd(Tpm*){MCp(CO)3}(thf)]+ (5 a/b; [Cd{MCp(CO)3}3]− as the counteranion). Complexes 4 a and 5 a/b are the first complexes that contain ZnCr, CdCr, and CdMo bonds (bond lengths 251.6, 269.8, and 278.9 pm, respectively). Quantum chemical calculations on 4 a/b* (and also on 5 a/b*) provide evidence for an interaction between the metal atoms.
    Chemistry - A European Journal 12/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Highly enantioselective catalytic asymmetric [2+2] cycloadditions of cyclic α-alkylidene β-oxo imides with ynamides are described. The high reactivity of the cyclic α-alkylidene β-oxo imide allows the [2+2] cycloadditions of a hindered substrate with unreactive ynamides at low temperature. The X-ray crystallographic analysis of the product suggests that the enantioselectivity of the [2+2] cycloaddition can be well explained by the chelate model comprising the intramolecular hydrogen bond, wherein the cyclic α-alkylidene β-oxo imide coordinates with CuII through the two imide carbonyls. The imide group in the product can be transformed to amide, nitrile, and ester groups; moreover, it is removable.
    Chemistry - A European Journal 12/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: We have created a selective macroscopic self-assembly process by using polymer gels modified with complementary DNA oligonucleotides or nucleobases. The hydrogels modified with complementary DNA oligonucleotides adhered to each other by simple contact. The organogels modified with complementary nucleobases selectively formed macroscopic assemblies by agitation in nonpolar organic solvents. The adhesion strength of each gel was estimated semi-quantitatively by stress–strain measurements. We achieved direct adhesion between macroscopic materials both in water and in organic media, based on complementary hydrogen bonds.
    Chemistry - A European Journal 12/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Finite temperature analysis of cluster structures is used to identify signatures of the low-temperature polymorphs of gallium, based on the results of first-principle Born–Oppenheimer molecular dynamics simulations. Pre-melting structural transitions proceed from either the β- and/or the δ-phase to the γ- or δ-phase, with a size- dependent phase progression. We relate the stability of each isomer to the electronic structures of the different phases, giving new insight into the origin of polymorphism in this complicated element.
    Chemistry - A European Journal 12/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Three related series of peri-substituted bis(tellurides) bearing naphthalene, acenaphthene and acenaphthylene backbones (Nap/Acenap/Aceyl(TeY)2 (Nap=naphthalene-1,8-diyl N; Acenap=acenaphthene-5,6-diyl A; Aceyl=acenaphthylene-5,6-diyl Ay; Y=Ph 1; Fp 2; Tol 3; An-p­ 4; An-o­ 5; Tp 6; Mes 7; Tip 8) have been synthesised and their solid-state structures determined by X-ray crystallography. Molecular conformations were classified as a function of the two C9-C-Te-C(Y) dihedral angles (θ); in the solid all members adopt AB or CCt configurations, with larger Te(aryl) moieties exclusively imposing the CCt variant. Exceptionally large J(125Te,125Te) spin–spin coupling constants between 3289–3848 Hz were obtained for compounds substituted by bulky Te(aryl) groups, implying these species are locked in a CCt-type conformation. In contrast, compounds incorporating smaller Te(aryl) moieties are predicted to be rather dynamic in solution and afford much smaller J values (2050–2676 Hz), characteristic of greater populations of AB conformers with lower couplings. This conformational dependence of through-space coupling is supported by DFT calculations.
    Chemistry - A European Journal 12/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Hydride-terminated photoluminescent silicon nanocrystals (SiNCs) were functionalized with organolithium compounds. The reaction is proposed to proceed through cleavage of SiSi bonds and formation of a SiLi surface species. The method yields colloidally stabilized SiNCs at room temperature with short reaction times. SiNCs with mixed surface functionalities can be prepared in an easy two-step reaction by this method by quenching of the SiLi group with electrophiles or by addressing free SiH groups on the surface with a hydrosilylation reaction.
    Chemistry - A European Journal 12/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The metal ions in a neutral Zn–MOF constructed from tritopic triacid H3L with inherent concave features, rigid core, and peripheral flexibility are found to exist in two distinct SBUs, that is, 0D and 1D. This has allowed site-selective postsynthetic metal exchange (PSME) to be investigated and reactivities of the metal ions in two different environments in coordination polymers to be contrasted for the first time. Site-selective transmetalation of Zn ions in the discrete environment is shown to occur in a single crystal-to-single crystal (SCSC) fashion, with metal ions such as Fe3+, Ru3+, Cu2+, Co2+, etc., whereas those that are part of 1D SBU sustain structural integrity, leading to novel bimetallic MOFs, which are inaccessible by conventional approaches. To the best of our knowledge, site-selective postsynthetic exchange of an intraframework metal ion in a MOF that contains metal ions in discrete as well as polymeric SBUs is heretofore unprecedented.
    Chemistry - A European Journal 12/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: π-Extended thiadiazoles 4–8 fused with various electron-donating heteroaromatic moieties have been designed and synthesized. Just like thiadiazoles 1–3 synthesized previously, 4–8 exhibit intramolecular charge-transfer (CT) interactions, moderate-to-good fluorescence quantum yields of up to 0.78, and electrochemical amphoterism. In comparison with 1–3, the benzannulation in thiadiazoles 4–7 moderately extends the π conjugation and significantly increases the stability of the cationic species formed upon electrochemical oxidation. The fluorescence quantum yields increase remarkably from 3 to 6 and 7 due to the efficient suppression of nonradiative intersystem crossing resulting from the benzannulation. The properties of 4–8 strongly reflect the different species annulated to the pyrrole rings, namely benzothiophene, naphthalene, and benzofuran. Eleven crystals, including poly- and pseudopolymorphic crystals of 1 (1-Crys.(Y) and 1-Crys.(G)), 2 (2-Crys.(O) and 2-Crys.(G)), 4 (4-Crys.(O) and 4-Crys.(G)), and 6 (6-Crys.(O) and 6-Crys.(G)), were obtained and characterized by X-ray crystallography. The fluorescence colors and efficiencies are distinct for each poly- and pseudopolymorph of 1, 2, 4, and 6. It has been suggested that both the extent of the electronic interactions in the π-stacked dimers and the presence of excitonic interactions originating in the 1D face-to-face slipped columns affect the fluorescence wavelengths of the poly- and pseudopolymorphs.
    Chemistry - A European Journal 12/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The design of PtIV pro-drugs as anticancer agents is predicated on the assumption that they will not undergo substitution reactions before entering the cancer cell. Attempts to improve the cytotoxic properties of PtIV pro-drugs included the use of haloacetato axial ligands. Herein, we demonstrate that PtIV complexes with trifluoroacetato (TFA) or dichloroacetato (DCA) ligands can be unstable under biologically relevant conditions and readily undergo hydrolysis, which results in the loss of the axial TFA or DCA ligands. The half-lives for PtIV complexes with two TFA or DCA ligands at pH 7 and 37 °C range from 6 to 800 min, which is short relative to the duration of cytotoxicity experiments that last 24–96 h. However, complexes with two monochloroacetato (MCA) or acetato axial ligands are stable under biologically relevant conditions. The loss of the axial ligands depends primarily on the electron-withdrawing strength of the axial ligands, but also upon the nature of the equatorial ligands. We were unable to find obvious correlations between the structures of the PtIV complexes and the rates of decay of the parent compounds. The X-ray crystal structures of the bis-DCA and bis-MCA PtIV derivatives of oxaliplatin did not reveal any significant structural differences that could explain the observed differences in stability.
    Chemistry - A European Journal 12/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Nearly isosteric oxo to thioxo substitution was employed to interrogate the structure of foldamers with a urea backbone and explore the relationship between helical folding and hydrogen-bonding interactions. A series of oligomers with urea bonds substituted by thiourea bonds at discrete or all positions in the sequence have been prepared and their folding propensity was studied by using a combination of spectroscopic methods and X-ray diffraction. The outcome of oxo to thioxo replacements on the helical folding was found to depend on whether central or terminal ureas were modified. The canonical helix geometry was not affected upon insertion of thioureas close to the negative end of the helix dipole, whereas thioureas close to the positive pole were found to increase the terminal flexibility and cause helix fraying. Perturbation was amplified when a selenourea was incorporated instead, leading to a structure that is only partly folded.
    Chemistry - A European Journal 12/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The enantioselective Michael addition using water as both nucleophile and solvent has to date proved beyond the ability of synthetic chemists. Herein, the direct, enantioselective Michael addition of water in water to prepare important β-hydroxy carbonyl compounds using whole cells of Rhodococcus strains is described. Good yields and excellent enantioselectivities were achieved with this method. Deuterium labeling studies demonstrate that a Michael hydratase catalyzes the water addition exclusively with anti-stereochemistry.
    Chemistry - A European Journal 12/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Ciguatoxins, the principal causative agents of ciguatera seafood poisoning, are extremely large polycyclic ethers. We report herein a reliable route for constructing the left wing of CTX1B, which possesses the acid/base/oxidant-sensitive bisallylic ether moiety, by a 6-exo radical cyclization/ring-closing metathesis strategy. This new route enabled us to achieve the second-generation total synthesis of CTX1B and the first synthesis of 54-deoxyCTX1B.
    Chemistry - A European Journal 12/2014;