Chemistry - A European Journal (Chem Eur J )

Publisher: Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker; Koninklijke Nederlandse Chemische Vereniging; Société royale de chimie (Belgium); Koninklijke Vlaamse Chemische Vereniging; Società chimica italiana; All authors, John Wiley and Sons

Description

Since 1995 Chemistry - A European Journal is the new international forum based in Europe for the publication of outstanding Full Papers from all areas of chemistry and related fields. Chemistry increases the visibility of European chemistry and attracts authors and readers worldwide under the motto "Made in Europe for the World". It appears bimonthly and has established itself as a truly international journal with top quality contributions from Europe the US and Japan. All manuscripts are peer-reviewed and electronic processing ensures accurate reproduction of text and data and short publication times. An additional "Concepts" section in Chemistry provides the nonspecialist reader with a useful conceptual guide to unfamiliar areas and the expert with new angles on familiar problems. For information about the European Journals see Editorial . Society Affiliations 14 European Chemical Societies Kurztext Chemistry - A European Journal publiziert seit 1995 "Full Papers" aus allen Gebieten der Chemie einschließlich ihrer Grenzbereiche. Sie erscheint zweimal monatlich. Als europäisches Forum für ausführliche Originalpublikationen zieht sie Beiträge von international bekannten Autoren aus der ganzen Welt an und ist daher für jeden Chemiker unverzichtbar. Die Rubrik "Concepts" führt Nicht-Spezialisten in neue Gebiete ein und stellt Spezialisten bekannte Probleme aus einem neuen Blickwinkel vor. Informationen über die "European Journals" siehe: Editorial . Readers Chemists of all disciplines

Impact factor 5.93

  • 5-year impact
    5.87
  • Cited half-life
    3.90
  • Immediacy index
    1.29
  • Eigenfactor
    0.17
  • Article influence
    1.53
  • Website
    Chemistry - A European Journal website
  • Other titles
    Chemistry (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany: Online), Chemistry, Angewandte Chemie (International ed. in English: Online), Angewandte Chemie (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany: Online), Chembiochem (Online), Chemphyschem (Online)
  • ISSN
    1521-3765
  • OCLC
    42084594
  • Material type
    Document, Periodical, Internet resource
  • Document type
    Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

John Wiley and Sons

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • See Wiley-Blackwell entry for articles after February 2007
    • On personal web site or secure external website at authors institution
    • Deposit in institutional repositories is not allowed
    • JASIST authors may deposit in an institutional repository
    • Non-commercial
    • Pre-print must be accompanied with set phrase (see individual journal copyright transfer agreements)
    • Published source must be acknowledged with set phrase (see individual journal copyright transfer agreements)
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Articles in some journals can be made Open Access on payment of additional charge
    • 'John Wiley and Sons' is an imprint of 'Wiley'
  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The synthesis and photochemical study of novel nonsymmetrical 1,2-dithienylethenes (DTEs) with a maleimide bridge have been carried out. The synthetic approach to the DTEs was based on selective and successive palladium-catalyzed cross-coupling reactions of 5-susbtituted-2-methyl-3-thiophenyl indium reagents with a 3,4-dichloromaleimide. The required organoindium reagents were prepared from 2-methyl-3,5-dibromothiophene by a selective coupling reaction with other triorganoindium compounds (R3In) at C-5 and subsequent metal-halogen exchange. The coupling reactions usually gave good yields and have a high atom economy with substoichiometric amounts of R3In. The results of photochemical studies show that these novel dithienylmaleimides undergo a photocyclization reaction upon irradiation in the UV region and a photocycloreversion after excitation in the visible region, thus allowing their use as photochemical switches. On-off operations can be repeated in successive cycles without appreciable loss of effectiveness in the process.
    Chemistry - A European Journal 12/2015;
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    ABSTRACT: Heteroleptic silylamido complexes of the heavier alkaline earth elements calcium and strontium containing the highly fluorinated 3-phenyl hydrotris(indazolyl)borate {F12-Tp4Bo, 3Ph}− ligand have been synthesized by using salt metathesis reactions. The homoleptic precursors [Ae{N(SiMe3)2}2] (Ae=Ca, Sr) were treated with [Tl(F12-Tp4Bo, 3Ph)] in pentane to form the corresponding heteroleptic complexes [(F12-Tp4Bo, 3Ph)Ae{N(SiMe3)2}] (Ae=Ca (1); Sr (3)). Compounds 1 and 3 are inert towards intermolecular redistribution. The molecular structures of 1 and 3 have been determined by using X-ray diffraction. Compound 3 exhibits a Sr⋅⋅⋅MeSi agostic distortion. The synthesis of the homoleptic THF-free compound [Ca{N(SiMe2H)2}2] (4) by transamination reaction between [Ca{N(SiMe3)2}2] and HN(SiMe2H)2 is also reported. This precursor constitutes a convenient starting material for the subsequent preparation of the THF-free complex [(F12-Tp4Bo, 3Ph)Ca{N(SiMe2H)2}] (5). Compound 5 is stabilized in the solid state by a Ca⋅⋅⋅β-SiH agostic interaction. Complexes 1 and 3 have been used as precatalysts for the intramolecular hydroamination of 2,2-dimethylpent-4-en-1-amine. Compound 1 is highly active, converting completely 200 equivalents of aminoalkene in 16 min with 0.50 mol % catalyst loading at 25 °C.
    Chemistry - A European Journal 01/2015;
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    ABSTRACT: A series of meta-substituted fatty acid octaester derivatives and their transition-metal complexes of meso- tetraphenyl porphyrins (TPP-8OOCR, with R=Cn−1H2n−1, n=8, 12, or 16) have been prepared through very simple synthesis protocols. The thermotropic phase behavior and the liquid crystalline (LC) organization structures of the synthesized porphyrin derivatives were systematically investigated by a combination of differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), polarized optical microscopy (POM), and variable-temperature small-angle X-ray scattering/wide-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS/WAXS) techniques. The shorter octanoic acid ester substituted porphyrin (C8-TPP) did not show liquid crystallinity and its metal porphyrins exhibited an uncommon columnar mesophase. The lauric acid octaester (C12-TPP) and the palmitic acid octaester (C16-TPP) series porphyrins generated hexagonal columnar mesophase Colh. Moreover, the metal porphyrins C12-TPPM and C16-TPPM with M=Zn, Cu, or Ni, exhibited well-organized Colh mesophases of broad LC temperature ranges increasing in the order of TPPNi<TPPCu≤TPPZn with their increased effective ionic radii in the square-planar coordination. The simplicity in synthesis, the well intercolumnar organization of Colh mesophase, the broadness of the discotic LC range, and the specific UV/Vis absorption and fluorescence emission behaviors make the symmetrically substituted fatty acid octaester porphyrins and their metal complexes very attractive for variant applications.
    Chemistry - A European Journal 01/2015;
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    ABSTRACT: A novel heterogeneous dirhodium catalyst has been synthesized. This stable catalyst is constructed from dirhodium acetate dimer (Rh2(OAc)4) units, which are covalently linked to amine- and carboxyl-bifunctionalized mesoporous silica (SBA-15NH2COOH). It shows good efficiency in catalyzing the cyclopropanation reaction of styrene and ethyl diazoacetate (EDA) forming cis- and trans-1-ethoxycarbonyl-2-phenylcyclopropane. To characterize the structure of this catalyst and to confirm the successful immobilization, heteronuclear solid-state NMR experiments have been performed. The high application potential of dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP) NMR for the analysis of binding sites in this novel catalyst is demonstrated. Signal-enhanced 13C CP MAS and 15N CP MAS techniques have been employed to detect different carboxyl and amine binding sites in natural abundance on a fast time scale. The interpretation of the experimental chemical shift values for different binding sites has been corroborated by quantum chemical calculations on dirhodium model complexes.
    Chemistry - A European Journal 01/2015;
  • Chemistry - A European Journal 01/2015;
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    ABSTRACT: A series of dinuclear ruthenium(II) complexes were synthesised, and the complexes were determined to be new highly selective compounds for binding to telomeric G-quadruplex DNA. The interactions of these complexes with telomeric G-quadruplex DNA were studied by using circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy, fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) melting assays, isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC) and molecular modelling. The results showed that the complexes 1, 2 and 4 induced and stabilised the formation of antiparallel G-quadruplexes of telomeric DNA in the absence of salt or in the presence of 100 mM K+-containing buffer. Furthermore, complexes 1 and 2 strongly bind to and effectively stabilise the telomeric G-quadruplex structure and have significant selectivity for G-quadruplex over duplex DNA. In comparison, complex 3 had a much lesser effect on the G-quadruplex, suggesting that possession of a suitably sized plane for good π–π stacking with the G-quadruplets is essential for the interaction of the dinuclear ruthenium(II) complexes with the G-quadruplex. Moreover, telomerase inhibition by the four complexes and their cellular effects were studied, and complex 1 was determined to be the most promising inhibitor of both telomerase and HeLa cell proliferation.
    Chemistry - A European Journal 01/2015;
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    ABSTRACT: Herein, a new strategy has been developed through combining a microwave-assisted technique with hydrothermal treatment to reduce graphene waste and improve production yield of graphene quantum dots (GQDs) prepared by top-down methods. By using fluorinated graphene oxide (FGO) as a raw material, fluorinated GQDs and nonfluorinated GQDs can be synthesized. Additionally, in the fluorinated GQDs, the protective shell supplied by fluorine improves the pH stability of photoluminescence and the strong electron-withdrawing group, F, reduces the π- electron density of the aromatic structure; thus inhibiting reactivity toward singlet oxygen produced during irradiation and improving the photostability. Therefore, the as-prepared fluorinated GQDs with excellent photo- and pH stability are suitable for long-term cellular imaging.
    Chemistry - A European Journal 01/2015;
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    ABSTRACT: High-valent terminal metal–oxygen adducts are hypothesized to be the potent oxidizing reactants in late transition metal oxidation catalysis. In particular, examples of high-valent terminal nickel–oxygen adducts are scarce, meaning there is a dearth in the understanding of such oxidants. A monoanionic NiII-bicarbonate complex has been found to react in a 1:1 ratio with the one-electron oxidant tris(4-bromophenyl)ammoniumyl hexachloroantimonate, yielding a thermally unstable intermediate in high yield (ca. 95 %). Electronic absorption, electronic paramagnetic resonance, and X-ray absorption spectroscopies and density functional theory calculations confirm its description as a low-spin (S=), square planar NiIII–oxygen adduct. This rare example of a high-valent terminal nickel–oxygen complex performs oxidations of organic substrates, including 2,6-di-tert-butylphenol and triphenylphosphine, which are indicative of hydrogen atom abstraction and oxygen atom transfer reactivity, respectively.
    Chemistry - A European Journal 01/2015;
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    ABSTRACT: Following our interest in binary element–nitrogen compounds we report here on the synthesis and comprehensive characterization (M.p., IR/Raman, elemental analysis, 14N/133Cd/199Hg NMR) of tri- and tetraazido cadmate and mercurate anions [E(N3)(2+n)]n− (E=Cd, Hg; n=1, 2) in a series of [Ph4P]+ and [PNP]+ ([PNP]+=bis(triphenylphosphine)iminium) salts. The azide/chloride exchange in CH2Cl2 as well as the formation of tetrazolate salts in CH3CN solutions of the polyazido mercurates were investigated. Single crystal X-ray structures of all new compounds, and for comparison [Ph4P][Cd2(N3)5(H2O)], were determined. Moreover, the synthesis of anhydrous cadmium(II) azide and its DMSO adduct is presented for the first time. For a better understanding of structure and bonding in E(N3)2, [E(N3)3]− and [E(N3)4]2−, theoretical calculations at the M06-2X/aug-cc-pVDZ level were carried out.
    Chemistry - A European Journal 01/2015;
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    ABSTRACT: The organocatalytic enantioselective decarboxylative Mannich reaction of malonic acid half thioesters (MAHTs) with cyclic N-sulfonyl ketimines by using N-heteroarenesulfonyl cinchona alkaloid amides afforded products with high enantioselectivity. Both enantiomers of the products could be obtained by using pseudoenantiomeric chiral catalysts. The reaction proceeds through a nucleophilic addition of the MAHTs to the ketimines prior to decarboxylation.
    Chemistry - A European Journal 01/2015;
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    ABSTRACT: A non-hygroscopic tetraphenylborate salt of N-methylmorpholine-N-oxide (NMO) is reported (NMO⋅TPB), which modulates the standard Ley-Griffith oxidation such that benzylic and allylic alcohols are oxidised selectively. An attractive feature of this new protocol is that anhydrous conditions are not required for this selective tetra-n-propylammonium perruthenate (TPAP) oxidation, superseding the requirement of molecular sieves. © 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
    Chemistry - A European Journal 01/2015;
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    ABSTRACT: We have investigated thin films of a perylene diimide derivative with a cyano-functionalized core (PDI-8CN2) deposited on Au(111) single crystals from the monolayer to the multilayer regime. We found that PDI-8CN2 is chemisorbed on gold. The molecules experience a thickness-dependent reorientation, and a 2D growth mode with molecular stepped terraces is achieved adopting low deposition rates. The obtained results are discussed in terms of their impact on field effect devices, also clarifying why the use of substrate/contact treatments, decoupling PDI-8CN2 molecules from the substrate/contacts, is beneficial for such devices. Our results also suggest that perylene diimide derivatives with CN bay-functionalization are very promising candidates for single-molecule electronic devices.
    Chemistry - A European Journal 01/2015;
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    ABSTRACT: A new cationic triazole-based metal–organic framework encapsulating Keggin-type polyoxometalates, with the molecular formula [Co(BBPTZ)3][HPMo12O40]⋅24 H2O [compound 1; BBPTZ=4,4′-bis(1,2,4-triazol-1-ylmethyl)biphenyl] is hydrothermally synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, IR spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, powder X-ray diffraction, and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The structure of compound 1 contains a non-interpenetrated 3D CdSO4 (cds)-type framework with two types of channels that are interconnected with each other; straight channels that are occupied by the Keggin-type POM anions, and wavelike channels that contain lattice water molecules. The catalytic activity of compound 1 in the oxidative desulfurization reaction indicates that it is not only an effective and size-selective heterogeneous catalyst, but it also exhibits distinct structural stability in the catalytic reaction system.
    Chemistry - A European Journal 01/2015;
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    ABSTRACT: The direct oxidative cross-coupling of primary amines is a challenging transformation as homocoupling is usually preferred. We report herein the chemoselective preparation of cross-coupled imines through the synergistic combination of low loadings of CuII metal-catalyst and o-iminoquinone organocatalyst under ambient conditions. This homogeneous cooperative catalytic system has been inspired by the reaction of copper amine oxidases, a family of metalloenzymes with quinone organic cofactors that mediate the selective oxidation of primary amines to aldehydes. After optimization, the desired cross-coupled imines are obtained in high yields with broad substrate scope through a transamination process that leads to the homocoupled imine intermediate, followed by dynamic transimination. The ability to carry out the reactions at room temperature and with ambient air, rather than molecular oxygen as the oxidant, and equimolar amounts of each coupling partner is particularly attractive from an environmentally viewpoint.
    Chemistry - A European Journal 01/2015;
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    ABSTRACT: A preparative procedure for obtaining a pair of twisted molecular baskets, each comprising a chiral framework with either right ((P)-1syn) or left ((M)-1syn) sense of twist and six ester groups at the rim has been developed and optimized. The racemic (P/M)-1syn can be obtained in three synthetic steps from accessible starting materials. The resolution of (P/M)-1syn is accomplished by its transesterification with (1R,2S,5R)-(−)-menthol in the presence of a TiIV catalyst to give diastereomeric 8P and 8M. It was found that dendritic-like cavitands 8P and 8M, in CD2Cl2, undergo self-inclusion (1H NMR spectroscopy) with a menthol moiety occupying the cavity of each host. Importantly, the degree of inclusion of the menthol group was (1H NMR spectroscopy) found to be greater in the case of 8P than 8M. Accordingly, it is suggested that different folding characteristic of 8P and 8M ought to affect the physicochemical characteristics of the hosts to permit their effective separation by column chromatography. The absolute configuration of 8P/8M, encompassing right- and left-handed “cups”, was determined with the exciton chirality method and also verified in silico (DFT: B3LYP/TZVP). Finally, the twisted baskets are strongly fluorescent due to three naphthalene chromophores, having a high fluorescence quantum yield within the rigid framework of 8P/8M.
    Chemistry - A European Journal 01/2015;
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    ABSTRACT: An increased supply of scarce or inaccessible natural products is essential for the development of more sophisticated pharmaceutical agents and biological tools, and thus the development of atom-economical, step-economical and scalable processes to access these natural products is in high demand. Herein we report the development of a short, scalable total synthesis of (-)-α-kainic acid, a useful compound in neuropharmacology that is, however, limited in supply from natural resources. The synthesis features sequential platinum-catalyzed direct allylic aminations and thermal ene-cyclization, enabling the gram-scale synthesis of (-)-α-kainic acid in six steps and 34 % overall yield. © 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
    Chemistry - A European Journal 01/2015;
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    ABSTRACT: A Rh-catalyzed benzo/[7+1] cycloaddition of cyclopropyl-benzocyclobutenes (CP-BCBs) and CO to benzocyclooctenones has been developed. In this reaction, CP-BCB acts as a benzo/7-C synthon and the reaction involves two CC bond cleavages: a thermal electrocyclic ring-opening of the four-membered ring in CP-BCB and a Rh-catalyzed CC cleavage of the cyclopropane ring.
    Chemistry - A European Journal 01/2015;
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    ABSTRACT: Ultrathin wavy nanowires represent an emerging class of nanostructures that exhibit unique catalytic, magnetic, and electronic properties, but the controlled production of bimetallic wavy nanowires remains a significant challenge. Ultrathin bimetallic PtSn nanowires have been prepared with high yield and featuring a highly wavy structure. Owing to the ultrathin nature and unique electronic properties of these PtSn wavy nanowires, they exhibit improved catalytic performance for the hydrogenation of nitrobenzene, as well as for the hydrogenation of styrene. These results suggest a new strategy to prepare highly active catalysts through defect engineering and can significantly impact broad practical applications.
    Chemistry - A European Journal 01/2015;
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    ABSTRACT: A general methodology for the α-arylation of ketones using a nickel catalyst has been developed. The new well-defined [Ni(IPr*)(cin)Cl] (1 c) pre-catalyst showed great efficiency for this transformation, allowing the coupling of a wide range of ketones, including acetophenone derivatives, with various functionalised aryl chlorides. This cinnamyl-based Ni-N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC) complex has demonstrated a different behaviour to previously reported NHC-Ni catalysts. Preliminary mechanistic studies suggest a Ni(0) /Ni(II) catalytic cycle to be at play. © 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
    Chemistry - A European Journal 01/2015;