The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America

Publisher: Acoustical Society of America; American Institute of Physics. Online Journal Publishing Service, Acoustical Society of America

Journal description

Current impact factor: 1.56

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2015
2013 / 2014 Impact Factor 1.555
2012 Impact Factor 1.646
2011 Impact Factor 1.55
2010 Impact Factor 1.644
2009 Impact Factor 1.523
2008 Impact Factor 1.717
2007 Impact Factor 1.587
2006 Impact Factor 1.433
2005 Impact Factor 1.677
2004 Impact Factor 1.482
2003 Impact Factor 1.398
2002 Impact Factor 1.31
2001 Impact Factor 1.44
2000 Impact Factor 1.366
1999 Impact Factor 1.352
1998 Impact Factor 1.213
1997 Impact Factor 1.166
1996 Impact Factor 1.28
1995 Impact Factor 1.125
1994 Impact Factor 1.273
1993 Impact Factor 1.126
1992 Impact Factor 1.186

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 1.92
Cited half-life 0.00
Immediacy index 0.25
Eigenfactor 0.04
Article influence 0.58
Other titles Journal of the Acoustical Society of America (Online), The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
ISSN 1520-8524
OCLC 38873939
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Acoustical Society of America

  • Pre-print
    • Archiving status unclear
  • Post-print
    • Author cannot archive a post-print version
  • Restrictions
    • 6 months for JASA
  • Conditions
    • On author's institutional website, governmental websites, as required by authors institution or funder
    • Authors version only on free E-print servers
    • Publisher copyright and source must be acknowledged
    • Publisher's version/PDF may be used on authors own or employers website only
    • Must link to publisher abstract
    • Set statements to accompany pre-print and post-print deposit
  • Classification
    ​ white

Publications in this journal

  • The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 06/2015; 137(6):3009-3023. DOI:10.1121/1.4921284
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    ABSTRACT: Prior research has shown that echolocation clicks of several species of terrestrial and marine fauna can be modelled as Gabor-like functions. Here, a system is proposed for the automatic detection of a variety of such signals. By means of mathematical formulation, it is shown that the output of the Teager-Kaiser Energy Operator (TKEO) applied to Gabor-like signals can be approximated by a Gaussian function. Based on the inferences, a detection algorithm involving the post-processing of the TKEO outputs is presented. The ratio of the outputs of two moving-average filters, a Gaussian and a rectangular filter, is shown to be an effective detection parameter. Detector performance is assessed using synthetic and real (taken from MobySound database) recordings. The detection method is shown to work readily with a variety of echolocation clicks and in various recording scenarios. The system exhibits low computational complexity and operates several times faster than real-time. Performance comparisons are made to other publicly available detectors including pamguard.
    The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 06/2015; 137(6):3077. DOI:10.1121/1.4921609
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    ABSTRACT: Resonance behavior of an imperfect joint of elastic plates subjected to the incidence of the lowest-order symmetric (S0) Lamb mode is numerically analyzed in the frequency domain by the hybrid finite element method. To this purpose, the reflection and transmission characteristics of the S0 mode are calculated for the frequency range in which the S0 mode is the only symmetric mode that can propagate in the plates. The imperfect joint is modeled as a linear spring-type interface characterized by the normal and tangential stiffnesses. As a result, it is shown that the imperfect joint of plates has two resonance frequencies at which the out-of-plane displacement amplitudes at the joint are remarkably increased. One resonance frequency depends only on the normal stiffness, and the other only on the tangential stiffness. Each resonance frequency coincides with that of a free edge of a plate, and monotonically increases with the corresponding joint stiffness. Furthermore, it is also shown that the reflection and transmission behavior of the S0 mode at the imperfect joint of the plates can be well reproduced by the one-dimensional thin-plate approximation of extensional waves when the frequency is sufficiently small compared to the resonance frequencies.
    The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 06/2015; 137(6):3139. DOI:10.1121/1.4921610
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    ABSTRACT: When viscous corrections to the inviscid acoustic radiation force theory are implemented and applied to a standing wave field, the direction of the acoustic radiation force on particles varies from theory to theory. Specifically, some theories predict that the direction of the force depends on the particle diameter, while others reveal that the direction of the force is independent of particle diameter. The present study is an experimental investigation of the direction of the acoustic radiation force which suggests that particle diameter does affect the direction. Experiments were conducted in air using an ultrasonic standing wave field with a nominal frequency of 30 kHz. Smoke particles and fine water droplets having a range of diameters were flowed into the region of a standing wave field. The direction of the acoustic radiation force was determined by observing whether the particles accumulated in the nodes or the anti-nodes of the standing wave. Results show a change in the direction of the acoustic radiation force at a particle diameter of 0.3±0.1 μm, which corresponds to a particle diameter to acoustic-boundary-layer thickness ratio of 0.023±0.008.
    The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 06/2015; 137(6):3288. DOI:10.1121/1.4921296
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    ABSTRACT: Underwater noise from vibratory pile driving was observed using a vertical line array placed at range 16 m from the pile source (water depth 7.5 m), and using single hydrophones at range 417 m on one transect, and range 207 and 436 m on another transect running approximately parallel to a sloping shoreline. The dominant spectral features of the underwater noise are related to the frequency of the vibratory pile driving hammer (typically 15-35 Hz), producing spectral lines at intervals of this frequency. The mean-square pressure versus depth is subsequently studied in third-octave bands. Depth and frequency variations of this quantity observed at the vertical line array are well modeled by a field consisting of an incoherent sum of sources distributed over the water column. Adiabatic mode theory is used to propagate this field to greater ranges and model the observations made along the two depth-varying transects. The effect of shear in the seabed, although small, is also included. Bathymetric refraction on the transect parallel to the shoreline reduced mean-square pressure levels at the 436-m measurement site.
    The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 06/2015; 137(6):3544. DOI:10.1121/1.4921288
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    ABSTRACT: It is common for arrays to degrade as elements fail, resulting in high sidelobes. The sensitivity of sidelobe levels to element failures is examined for an arbitrarily shaded array. Using the difference of complex beampatterns, it is found that the beampattern, which can be associated with just the failed elements, controls the degraded array response in the deep sidelobe region. Using results for addition of weighted random phasers, expressions are presented for an upper bound, the mean and standard deviation of the power sidelobes of the degraded array in terms of the number and shading weights of the failed elements. The upper bound depends on the percent of elements that fail and is independent of array size. The average sidelobe level depends on both the failed-to-good ratio and the number of remaining good elements, making large arrays more robust for the same percentage of failed elements. The standard deviation of sidelobe levels is approximately equal to the mean. The ratio of failed to remaining good elements is analogous to the combined amplitude and phase variance for uncorrelated tolerance errors. Combined effects of element failures and random amplitude and phase errors are then presented.
    The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 06/2015; 137(6):3377. DOI:10.1121/1.4921034
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    ABSTRACT: Sound barriers are extensively used in environmental noise protection. However, when barriers are placed in parallel on opposite sides of a sound source, their performance deteriorates markedly. This paper describes a barrier made from materials of inhomogeneous impedance which lacks this drawback. The nonuniform impedance affects the way sound undergoes multiple reflections, and in the process traps acoustic energy. A proposed realization of the barrier comprises a closely spaced array of progressively tuned hollow narrow tubes which create a phase gradient. The acoustics of the barrier is theoretically examined and its superiority over conventional barriers is calculated using finite element modeling. Structural parameters of the barrier can be changed to achieve the required sound insertion loss, and the barrier has the potential to be widely used in environmental noise control.
    The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 06/2015; 137(6):3190. DOI:10.1121/1.4921279
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    ABSTRACT: External scattering from a finite phononic crystal (PC) is studied using the Helmholtz-Kirchhoff integral theorem integrated with a Bloch wave expansion (BWE). The BWE technique is used to describe the internal pressure field of a semi-infinite or layered PC subject to an incident monochromatic plane wave. Following the BWE solution, the Helmholtz-Kirchhoff integral is used to determine the external scattered field. For cubic PCs, the scattered results are compared to numerical treatments in both the frequency and time domain. The presented approach is expected to be valid when the PC size is larger than the acoustic wavelength. However, very good agreement in the spatial beam pattern is also documented for both large and small (with respect to the wavelength) PCs. The result of this work is a fully-analytical, efficient, and verified approach for accurately predicting external scattering from finite, three-dimensional PCs.
    The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 06/2015; 137(6):3299. DOI:10.1121/1.4921548
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    ABSTRACT: This paper applies the re-expansion method for analyzing the effects on the sound field due to planar discontinuities at the junction of two offset circular acoustic waveguides. The normal modes in the two waveguides are expanded at the junction plane into a system of functions accounting for velocity singularities at the corner points. As the new expansion has a high convergence order, only a few terms have to be considered for obtaining the solution of most practical problems. This paper gives the equivalent impedance accounting for nonplanar waves into a plane-wave analysis. The last section of the paper applies the re-expansion technique to the case of two offset pipes (step discontinuity) and to that of an offset aperture in a cylindrical pipe (diaphragm-type discontinuity). The plots of the discontinuity inductance, characterized by Karal's factor, are quite similar but the values in the second case are 1.5-2 times larger, showing that the diaphragm-type discontinuity excites much more nonplanar evanescent modes than the step discontinuity.
    The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 06/2015; 137(6):3127. DOI:10.1121/1.4921551
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    ABSTRACT: An alternative pressure-sensor based method for estimating the acoustic intensity, the phase and amplitude gradient estimation (PAGE) method, is presented. This method uses the same hardware as the standard finite-difference method, but does not suffer from the frequency-dependent bias inherent to the finite-difference method. A detailed derivation of the PAGE method and the finite-difference method is presented. Both methods are then compared using simple acoustic fields. The ability to unwrap the phase component of the PAGE method is discussed, which leads to accurate intensity estimates above previous frequency limits. The uncertainties associated with both methods of estimation are presented. It is shown that the PAGE method provides more accurate intensity estimates over a larger frequency bandwidth.
    The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 06/2015; 137(6):3366. DOI:10.1121/1.4914996
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    ABSTRACT: Recently, an increased interest has been demonstrated in evaluating hearing aids (HAs) inside controlled, but at the same time, realistic sound environments. A promising candidate that employs loudspeakers for realizing such sound environments is the listener-centered method of higher-order ambisonics (HOA). Although the accuracy of HOA has been widely studied, it remains unclear to what extent the results can be generalized when (1) a listener wearing HAs that may feature multi-microphone directional algorithms is considered inside the reconstructed sound field and (2) reverberant scenes are recorded and reconstructed. For the purpose of objectively validating HOA for listening tests involving HAs, a framework was developed to simulate the entire path of sounds presented in a modeled room, recorded by a HOA microphone array, decoded to a loudspeaker array, and finally received at the ears and HA microphones of a dummy listener fitted with HAs. Reproduction errors at the ear signals and at the output of a cardioid HA microphone were analyzed for different anechoic and reverberant scenes. It was found that the diffuse reverberation reduces the considered time-averaged HOA reconstruction errors which, depending on the considered application, suggests that reverberation can increase the usable frequency range of a HOA system.
    The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 06/2015; 137(6):3447. DOI:10.1121/1.4919330
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    ABSTRACT: Oceanic T-waves are earthquake signals that originate when elastic waves interact with the fluid-elastic interface at the ocean bottom and are converted to acoustic waves in the ocean. These waves propagate long distances in the Sound Fixing and Ranging (SOFAR) channel and tend to be the largest observed arrivals from seismic events. Thus, an understanding of their generation is important for event detection, localization, and source-type discrimination. Recently benchmarked seismic self-starting fields are used to generate elastic parabolic equation solutions that demonstrate generation and propagation of oceanic T-waves in range-dependent underwater acoustic environments. Both downward sloping and abyssal ocean range-dependent environments are considered, and results demonstrate conversion of elastic waves into water-borne oceanic T-waves. Examples demonstrating long-range broadband T-wave propagation in range-dependent environments are shown. These results confirm that elastic parabolic equation solutions are valuable for characterization of the relationships between T-wave propagation and variations in range-dependent bathymetry or elastic material parameters, as well as for modeling T-wave receptions at hydrophone arrays or coastal receiving stations.
    The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 06/2015; 137(6):3534. DOI:10.1121/1.4921029
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    ABSTRACT: An analytical model based on a homogenization process is used to predict and understand the behavior of finite length splitter/baffle-type silencers inserted axially into a rigid rectangular duct. Such silencers consist of a succession of parallel baffles made of porous material and airways inserted axially into a rigid duct. The pore network of the porous material in the baffle and the larger pores due to the airway can be considered as a double porosity (DP) medium with well-separated pore sizes. This scale separation leads by homogenization to the DP model, widely used in the porous material community. This alternative approach based on a homogenization process sheds physical insight into the attenuation mechanisms taking place in the silencer. Numerical comparisons with a reference method are used to show that the theory provides good results as long as the pressure wave in the silencer airways propagates as a plane wave parallel to the duct axis. The explicit expression of the axial wavenumber in the DP medium is used to derive an explicit expression for the optimal resistivity value of the porous material, ensuring the best dissipation for a given silencer geometry.
    The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 06/2015; 137(6):3221. DOI:10.1121/1.4921598
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    ABSTRACT: Accurate measurement of high-amplitude, broadband shock pulses in air is an important part of laboratory-scale experiments in atmospheric acoustics. Although various methods have been developed, specific drawbacks still exist and need to be addressed. Here, a schlieren optical method was used to reconstruct the pressure signatures of nonlinear spherically diverging short acoustic pulses generated using an electric spark source (2.5 kPa, 33 μs at 10 cm from the source) in homogeneous air. A high-speed camera was used to capture light rays deflected by refractive index inhomogeneities, caused by the acoustic wave. Pressure waveforms were reconstructed from the light intensity patterns in the recorded images using an Abel-type inversion method. Absolute pressure levels were determined by analyzing at different propagation distances the duration of the compression phase of pulses, which changed due to nonlinear propagation effects. Numerical modeling base on the generalized Burgers equation was used to evaluate the smearing of the waveform caused by finite exposure time of the high-speed camera and corresponding limitations in resolution of the schlieren technique. The proposed method allows the study of the evolution of spark-generated shock waves in air starting from the very short distances from the spark, 30 mm, up to 600 mm.
    The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 06/2015; 137(6):3244. DOI:10.1121/1.4921026
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    ABSTRACT: This study introduces a method to obtain the reverberation decay functions for narrow bands from the filtered time-windowed broadband room impulse responses. The method corresponds to the free decay process of the band-pass sound energy. The filtering process is independent of the band-pass filter phase responses and it reduces the filtering influence on the decay rates. It places no limit on the permissible product BT of the bandwidth B and the reverberation time T when evaluating the decay rates of the obtained decay functions.
    The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 06/2015; 137(6):3555. DOI:10.1121/1.4921287
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    ABSTRACT: Sound focusing is to create a concentrated acoustic field in the region surrounded by a loudspeaker array. This problem was tackled in the previous research via the Helmholtz integral approach, brightness control, acoustic contrast control, etc. In this paper, the same problem was revisited from the perspective of beamforming. A source array model is reformulated in terms of the steering matrix between the source and the field points, which lends itself to the use of beamforming algorithms such as minimum variance distortionless response (MVDR) and linearly constrained minimum variance (LCMV) originally intended for sensor arrays. The beamforming methods are compared with the conventional methods in terms of beam pattern, directional index, and control effort. Objective tests are conducted to assess the audio quality by using perceptual evaluation of audio quality (PEAQ). Experiments of produced sound field and listening tests are conducted in a listening room, with results processed using analysis of variance and regression analysis. In contrast to the conventional energy-based methods, the results have shown that the proposed methods are phase-sensitive in light of the distortionless constraint in formulating the array filters, which helps enhance audio quality and focusing performance.
    The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 06/2015; 137(6):3393. DOI:10.1121/1.4921602
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    ABSTRACT: One main feature of metamaterials is the occurrence of a negative dynamic mass density that is produced when an inner local resonance is present. The inner resonance can be obtained in composite materials containing composite inclusions. For suitable ratios of the physical properties of the constituting materials, the composite inclusions act as spring-mass systems. The scaling of physical properties leading to such an inner resonance and the associated effective dynamic properties of materials containing composite inclusions are briefly recalled. The resonance frequencies and dynamic mass densities are obtained in a closed form for materials containing cylindrical composite fibers or spherical composite inclusions, after solving the related boundary value elasticity problems.
    The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 06/2015; 137(6):3263. DOI:10.1121/1.4921273