Depression and Anxiety (Depress Anxiety )

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons


Depression and Anxiety welcomes original research and synthetic review articles covering molecular genetic biopsychosocial neurochemical neuropsychological physiological behavioral sociological psychodynamic psychotherapeutic cognitive and pharmacotherapeutic aspects of mood and anxiety disorders and related phenomena in humans and animals. The journal publishes full-length Research Papers Topical Reviews Brief Reports Book Reports Clinical Case Studies and Letters. Contributions are grouped and published by topic.

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  • Website
    Depression and Anxiety website
  • Other titles
    Depression and anxiety (Online), Depression and anxiety, Depression
  • ISSN
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  • Material type
    Document, Periodical, Internet resource
  • Document type
    Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

John Wiley & Sons

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    • Author can archive a pre-print version
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    • Author can archive a post-print version
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    • See Wiley-Blackwell entry for articles after February 2007
    • On personal web site or secure external website at authors institution
    • Not allowed on institutional repository
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    • Articles in some journals can be made Open Access on payment of additional charge
    • 'John Wiley and Sons' is an imprint of 'Wiley-Blackwell'
  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background Early childhood temperament, particularly negative emotionality (high tendency to show distress), may be a risk factor for subsequent depression.Methods Using data from a large UK cohort (Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children), we examined the association between temperament on the Emotionality Activity Sociability Questionnaire at age 6 and ICD-10 depression at 18. Results were adjusted for a range of confounders.ResultsChildren with high emotionality scores at age 6 had a 20% (7–36%) increase in the odds of being diagnosed with depression at age 18.Conclusions Depression at 18 years has an early developmental diathesis, which means we may be able to identify children at risk of developing depression in young adulthood.
    Depression and Anxiety 08/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Among individuals with anxiety disorders, comorbid personality disorders (PDs) increase cross-sectional symptom severity and decrease functioning. Little is known, however, about how PDs influence the course of anxiety disorders over time. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of PDs on the persistence of four anxiety disorders in a nationally representative sample in the United States.
    Depression and Anxiety 07/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Pediatric and adult anxiety disorder patients exhibit attention bias to threat and difficulty disengaging attention away from threat. Cognitive frameworks suggest that these patterns are associated with hyperactivation of regions associated with detecting threat, such as the amygdala, and hypoactivation of regions associated with regulating attention, including the lateral prefrontal cortex and rostral anterior cingulate cortex (rACC). The aim of the present study was to examine the neural correlates of these processes in children and adolescents with anxiety disorders.
    Depression and Anxiety 07/2014;
  • Depression and Anxiety 07/2014; 31(7):539-41.
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    ABSTRACT: Background Prevalence rates of postpartum depression (PPD) are 10 to 20% among various populations. Little is known about the characteristics of PPD among populations experiencing cultural transition. This study aimed to assess PPD symptoms (PPDS) prevalence and to identify risk factors unique to Arab-Bedouin women in southern Israel.Methods The sample included 564 women who visited maternal and child health clinics. Sociodemographic characteristics were obtained using in-person interviews. PPDS were assessed using a validated Arabic translation of the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS). Prevalence of PPDS was estimated using the cut-off score of EPDS ≥10; a more stringent cut-off score of EPDS ≥13 was used to define women with moderate to severe PPDS.ResultsThe prevalence of PPDS among women was 31%, of which 19.1% were assessed as having moderate to severe symptoms (EPDS ≥ 13). In a multivariate logistic regression, the variables associated with EPDS ≥10 were having an ill-infant odds ratio (OR) = 3.9, lack of husband's support (OR = 2.6), history of emotional problems (OR = 3.2), low income (OR = 1.6), low level of education (OR = 1.6), high marital conflicts (OR = 1.5), and an unplanned pregnancy (OR = 1.5).Conclusion In the generally understudied population of Arab-Bedouin women living in southern Israel, we found a high prevalence of PPDS. The unique risk factors described in our research can inform health care professionals in designing interventions for early detection and prevention of PPD.
    Depression and Anxiety 07/2014;
  • Depression and Anxiety 07/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: We examined the prevalence and predictive factors of PTSD and depression in relation with peritraumatic distress, trauma exposure, and sociodemographic characteristics among children and adolescent who survived the 2010 Haiti's earthquake.
    Depression and Anxiety 05/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Perinatal depression negatively impacts women, parenting, and children's development. However, not much is known about maternal specific beliefs that may be associated with perinatal depression. We created a new measure that examined the rigidity of perinatal women's beliefs in three major domains suggested to be closely related to mood and behavior: anticipated maternal self-efficacy, perceptions of child vulnerability, and perceptions of societal expectations of mothers (PSEM).
    Depression and Anxiety 05/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Metacognitive therapy (MCT) is a relatively new approach to treating mental disorders. The aim of the current meta-analysis was to examine the efficacy of MCT in patients with mental disorders. A comprehensive literature search revealed 16 published as well as unpublished studies on the efficacy of MCT, of which nine were controlled trials. These studies report on 384 participants suffering from anxiety or depression. Treatment efficacy was examined using a random effects model. On primary outcome measures the aggregate within-group pre- to posttreatment and pretreatment to follow-up effect sizes for MCT were large (Hedges' g = 2.00 and 1.65, respectively). Within-group pre- to posttreatment changes in metacognitions were also large (Hedges' g = 1.18) and maintained at follow-up (Hedges' g = 1.31). Across the controlled trials, MCT was significantly more effective than both waitlist control groups (between-group Hedges' g = 1.81) as well as cognitive behavior therapy (CBT; between-group Hedges' g = 0.97). Results suggest that MCT is effective in treating disorders of anxiety and depression and is superior compared to waitlist control groups and CBT, although the latter finding should be interpreted with caution. The implications of these findings are limited by small sample sizes and few active control conditions. Future studies should include larger sample sizes and also include comparisons of MCT with other empirically supported therapies.
    Depression and Anxiety 05/2014; 31(5):402-11.
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    ABSTRACT: Background There is an urgent need for more effective treatments for major depressive disorder (MDD). As understanding of the cognitive and affective neuroscience underlying psychiatric disorders expands, so do opportunities to develop interventions that capitalize on the capacity for brain plasticity. Cognitive training is one such strategy. In this article, we report a proof-of-concept study of a novel cognitive-emotional training exercise designed to enhance cognitive control for emotional information processing and targeting components of the neural networks that have been implicated in MDD.Methods Twenty-one participants with MDD in a current episode were randomly assigned to one of the two treatment conditions: 11 participating in a cognitive-emotional training paradigm (emotional faces memory task (EFMT)) involving eight sessions over 4 weeks, and 10 participating in an active control condition (control training, CT). Assessments of MDD symptoms, negative affective bias in cognitive processing, and neurocognition (attention and working memory) were administered at baseline and after 4 weeks.ResultsParticipants in the EFMT group exhibited a greater reduction in MDD symptoms compared to the CT group, and 6 of the 11 EFMT participants achieved clinical response (≥50% reduction in symptoms). EFMT participants also exhibited changes in negative affective bias in the hypothesized direction whereas the CT participants did not. Both groups exhibited similar, small improvements in attention and working memory.Conclusions Cognitive-emotional training may represent a feasible and effective intervention strategy for MDD. This proof-of-concept study highlights the need for future studies to fully understand the effectiveness, and mechanisms of effect, of these training strategies.
    Depression and Anxiety 04/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Background Prenatal maternal depressive, anxious, and stress symptoms have been found to be associated with child and adolescent behavior problems. In this paper, we investigate their impact on behavior problems and depressive symptoms in adulthood.Methods Participants included 3,099 mother–offspring pairs from the Mater University Study of Pregnancy (MUSP), an Australian based, prebirth cohort study. We used latent class growth analysis (LCGA) with parallel processes to identify trajectories of maternal depressive, anxious, and stress symptoms over four time periods between the mothers’ first clinic visit and 5 years postpregnancy. We fitted the estimates from the maternal trajectories in multivariate logistic regression models to predict internalizing and externalizing behavior at age 21. We adjusted for a wide range of prenatal and postnatal factors, including maternal life events, relationship quality, contact with the new born, as well as concurrent maternal depressive and anxious symptoms and father's history of mental health problem.ResultsLCGA found seven groups of mothers; one group of mothers exhibited high levels of depressive, anxious, and stress symptoms during pregnancy but not at later time points. Their offspring experienced increased levels of behavior problems and depressive symptoms.Conclusions This paper provides the first evidence that high levels of maternal subjective depressive, anxious, and stress symptoms experienced in early pregnancy may predict internalizing and externalizing behavior problems and depressive symptoms in young adults.
    Depression and Anxiety 04/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Background Even though traumatic stress is a major risk factor for depression, most people do not develop a depression. The effects of stress may particularly emerge after repeated exposure in vulnerable individuals. Therefore, we hypothesized that (1) increased exposure to stress across the life span is associated with an increased depression risk and (2) this effect is the most pronounced in individuals with high levels of neuroticism.Methods We investigated the effect of childhood maltreatment, major life events, daily hassles, and a composite index thereof (cumulative stress index) on depressive symptoms and major depressive disorder (MDD) including the possible moderating role of neuroticism in a discovery sample from the general population (N = 563) and an independent replication sample from the Netherlands Study of Depression and Anxiety (N = 2,274).ResultsAll stress domains were independently associated with depressive symptoms in the discovery sample. In the replication sample, we confirmed these findings for childhood maltreatment and daily hassles but not for major life events with depressive symptoms as outcome. Nevertheless, all stress domains significantly contributed to the presence of MDD in the replication sample. The cumulative stress index was significantly associated with depression in the discovery (β = 1.42, P < .001) and replication sample (β = 3.79, P < .001), especially in those individuals with high levels of trait neuroticism (discovery: β = 0.013, P < .001; replication: β = 0.367, P < .001).Conclusions This is the first study to show that cumulative stress exposure across different stress domains contributes to depressive symptoms and MDD in adulthood. Moreover, we show that increased exposure to stress across the life span has more impact on vulnerable individuals with high levels of trait neuroticism.
    Depression and Anxiety 04/2014;

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