Inorganic Chemistry (Inorg Chem )

Publisher: American Chemical Society, American Chemical Society


Inorganic Chemistry publishes fundamental studies in all phases of inorganic chemistry. Coverage includes experimental and theoretical reports on quantitative studies of structure and thermodynamics, kinetics, mechanisms of inorganic reactions, bioinorganic chemistry, and some aspects of organometallic chemistry, solid-state phenomena, and chemical bonding theory. Emphasis is placed on the synthesis, structure, thermodynamics, reactivity, spectroscopy, and bonding properties of significant new and known compounds. Inorganic Chemistry offers full-length studies, shorter notes, and communications of immediate interest and has earned respect throughout the world for attracting and publishing outstanding research.

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    Inorganic chemistry (Online), Inorganic chemistry
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American Chemical Society

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Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Two pentacoordinate mononuclear iron carbonyls of the form (bdt)Fe(CO)P2 [bdt = benzene-1,2-dithiolate; P2 = 1,1′-diphenylphosphinoferrocene (1) or methyl-2-{bis- (diphenylphosphinomethyl)amino}acetate (2)] were prepared as functional, biomimetic models for the distal iron (Fed) of the active site of [FeFe]-hydrogenase. X-ray crystal structures of the complexes reveal that, despite similar ν(CO) stretching band frequencies, the two complexes have different coordination geometries. In X-ray crystal structures, the iron center of 1 is in a distorted trigonal bipyramidal arrangement, and that of 2 is in a distorted square pyramidal geometry. Electrochemical investigation shows that both complexes catalyze electrochemical proton reduction from acetic acid at mild overpotential, 0.17 and 0.38 V for 1 and 2, respectively. Although coordinatively unsaturated, the complexes display only weak, reversible binding affinity toward CO (1 bar). However, ligand centered protonation by the strong acid, HBF4·OEt2, triggers quantitative CO uptake by 1 to form a dicarbonyl analogue [1(H)-CO]+ that can be reversibly converted back to 1 by deprotonation using NEt3. Both crystallographically determined distances within the bdt ligand and density functional theory calculations suggest that the iron centers in both 1 and 2 are partially reduced at the expense of partial oxidation of the bdt ligand. Ligand protonation interrupts this extensive electronic delocalization between the Fe and bdt making 1(H)+ susceptible to external CO binding.
    Inorganic Chemistry 09/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The synthesis and molecular structures of the cobalt(II) N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC) complexes [(NHC)Co{N(SiMe3)2}2], where NHC = 1,3-bis(diisopropylphenyl)imidazolylidene (IPr) (6), 1,3-bis(mesityl)imidazolylidene (IMes) (7), and 1,3-bis(tert-butyl)imidazol-2-ylidene (I(t)Bu) (8), are reported. Complexes 6-8 are rare examples of three-coordinate cobalt NHC complexes. The steric congestion within the coordination environments of the cobalt(II) centers in 6 and 7 results in the longest Co-C(NHC) distances currently known. Investigating the thermal stability of 6-8, we have found that the steric congestion in 6 is such that heating the complex to reflux in toluene prompts a rearrangement from the normal, C2-bonding mode of the IPr ligand to the corresponding "abnormal" or mesoionic bonding mode. The rearrangement results in formation of [(aIPr)Co{N(SiMe3)2}2] (9), which is the first cobalt complex of an abnormal NHC ligand. The Co-C bond in 9 is 0.06 Å shorter than the analogous bond in 6, suggesting that, although the rearrangement occurs due to the spatial demands of the IPr ligand, there is also a thermodynamic driving force in terms of the Co-C bond. In contrast to the case for 6, complex 7 is stable with respect to the normal-to-abnormal rearrangement. Refluxing complex 8 in toluene results in activation of a tert-butyl substituent, which is eliminated as isobutene, followed by formation of the 1-tert-butylimidazole complex [((t)BuIm)Co{N(SiMe3)2}2] (10).
    Inorganic Chemistry 09/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The synthesis of iron(II) complexes bearing new heteroatom-functionalized methylene-bridged bis(N-heterocyclic carbene) ligands is reported. All complexes are characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction (SC-XRD), nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, and elemental analysis. Tetrakis(acetonitrile)-cis-[bis(o-imidazol-2-ylidenefuran)methane]iron(II) hexafluorophosphate (2a) and tetrakis(acetonitrile)-cis-[bis(o-imidazol-2-ylidenethiophene)methane]iron(II) hexafluorophosphate (2b) were obtained by aminolysis of [Fe{N(SiMe3)2}2(THF)] with furan- and thiophene-functionalized bis(imidazolium) salts 1a and 1b in acetonitrile. The SC-XRD structures of 2a and 2b show coordination of the bis(carbene) ligand in a bidentate fashion instead of a possible tetradentate coordination. The four other coordination sites of these distorted octahedral complexes are occupied by acetonitrile ligands. Crystallization of 2a in an acetone solution by the slow diffusion of Et2O led to the formation of cis-diacetonitriledi[bis(o-imidazol-2-ylidenefuran)methane]iron(II) hexafluorophosphate (3a) with two bis(carbene) ligands coordinated in a bidentate manner and two cis-positioned acetonitrile molecules. Compounds 2a and 2b are the first reported iron(II) carbene complexes with four coordination sites occupied by solvent molecules, and it was demonstrated that those solvent ligands can undergo ligand-exchange reactions.
    Inorganic Chemistry 09/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Metallodithiolate ligands are used to design heterobimetallic complexes by adduct formation through S-based reactivity. Such adducts of dinitrosyl iron were synthesized with two metalloligands, namely, Ni(bme-daco) and V≡O(bme-daco) (bme-daco = bismercaptoethane diazacyclooctane), and, for comparison, an N-heterocyclic carbene, namely, 1,3-bis(2,4,6-trimethylphenyl)imidazol-2-ylidene (Imes), by cleavage of the (μ-I)2[Fe(NO)2]2 dimer of electronic configuration {Fe(NO)2}(9) (Enemark-Feltham notation). With Fe(NO)2I as Lewis acid acceptor, 1:1 adducts resulted for both the IMes·Fe(NO)2I, complex 2, and V≡O(bme-daco)·Fe(NO)2I, complex 4. The NiN2S2 demonstrated binding capability at both thiolates, with two Fe(NO)2I addenda positioned transoid across the NiN2S2 square plane, Ni(bme-daco)·2(Fe(NO)2I), complex 3. Enhanced binding ability was realized for the dianionic vanadyl dithiolate complex, [Et4N]2[V≡O(ema)], (ema = N,N'-ethylenebis(2-mercaptoacetamide)), which, unlike the neutral (V≡O)N2S2, demonstrated reactivity with the labile tungsten carbonyl complex, cis-W(CO)4(pip)2, (pip = piperidine), yielding [Et4N]2[V≡O(ema)W(CO)4], complex 1, whose ν(CO) IR values indicated the dianionic vanadyl metalloligand to be of similar donor ability to the neutral NiN2S2 ligands. The solid-state molecular structures of 1-4 were determined by X-ray diffraction analyses. Electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) measurements characterize the {Fe(NO)2}(9) complexes in solution, illustrating superhyperfine coupling via the (127)I to the unpaired electron on iron for complex 2. The EPR characterizations of 3 [Ni(bme-daco)·2(Fe(NO)2I)] and 4 [V≡O(bme-daco)·Fe(NO)2I] indicate these complexes are EPR silent, likely due to strong coupling between paramagnetic centers. Within samples of complex 4, individual paramagnetic centers with localized superhyperfine coupling from the (51)V and (127)I are observed in a 3:1 ratio, respectively. However, spin quantitation reveals that these species represent a minor fraction (<10%) of the total complex and thus likely represent disassociated paramagnetic sites. Computational studies corroborated the EPR assignments as well as the experimentally observed stability/instability of the heterobimetallic DNIC complexes.
    Inorganic Chemistry 08/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Two semiconducting hybrid gallium selenides, [Ga6Se9(C6H14N2)4][H2O] (1) and [C6H14N2][Ga4Se6(C6H14N2)2] (2), were prepared using a solvothermal method in the presence of 1,2-diaminocyclohexane (1,2-DACH). Both materials consist of neutral inorganic layers, in which 1,2-DACH is covalently bonded to gallium. In 1, the organic amine acts as a monodentate and a bidentate ligand, while in 2, bidentate and uncoordinated 1,2-DACH molecules coexist.
    Inorganic Chemistry 08/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Novel reaction pathways are illustrated in the synthesis of uranium(IV), uranium(V), and uranium(VI) monoimido complexes. In contrast to the straightforward preparation of UV(═NSiMe3)[N(SiMe3)2]3 (1), the synthesis of a uranium(V) tritylimido complex, UV(═NCPh3)[N(SiMe3)2]3 (4), from UIII[N(SiMe3)2]3 and Ph3CN3 was found to proceed through multiple one-electron steps. Whereas the oxidation of 1 with copper(II) salts produced the uranium(VI) monoimido complexes UVI(═NSiMe3)X[N(SiMe3)2]3 (X = Cl, Br), the reaction of 4 with CuBr2 undergoes sterically induced reduction to form the uranium(VI) monoimido complex UVI(═NCPh3)Br2[N(SiMe3)2]2, demonstrating a striking difference in reactivity based on imido substituent. The facile reduction of compounds 1 and 4 with KC8 allowed for the synthesis of the uranium(IV) monoimido derivatives, K[UIV(═NSiMe3)[N(SiMe3)2]3] (1-K) and K[UIV(═NCPh3)[N(SiMe3)2]3] (4-K), respectively. In contrast, an analogous uranium(IV) monoimido complex, K[UIV(═NPhF)[N(SiMe3)PhF]], PhF = -pentafluorophenyl (6), was prepared through a loss of N(SiMe3)2PhF concomitant with one-electron oxidation of a uranium(III) center. The uranium(IV) monoimido complexes were found to be reactive toward electrophiles, demonstrating N–C and N–Si single bond formation. One-electron reduction of nitrite provided a route to the uranium(VI) oxo/imido complex, [Ph4P][UVIO(═NSiMe3)[N(SiMe3)2]3]. The energetics and electrochemical processes involved in the various oxidation reactions are discussed. Finally, comparison of the UVI(═NSiMe3)X[N(SiMe3)2]3, X = Cl, Br, complexes with the previously reported UVIOX[N(SiMe3)2]3, X = Cl, Br, complexes suggested that the donor strength of the trimethylsilylimido ligand is comparable to the oxo ligand.
    Inorganic Chemistry 08/2014; ASAP Article.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Four molten salts containing imidazolium cations and europium (III) or terbium (III) centered complex anions have been successfully synthesized from ethanol/H2O solution. The single-crystal X-ray diffraction analyses reveal that these compounds have a common formula of [R][Ln(DETCAP)4] (R = 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium (C2mim), Ln = Eu (1) and Tb (2); R = 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium (C4mim), Ln = Eu (3), and Tb(4); DETCAP = diethyl- 2,2,2-trichloroacetylphosphoramidate), in which the lanthanide centers are chelated by four chelating pseudo-betadiketonate ligands (DETCAP)-, forming the respective complex anions. Their thermal behaviors and stabilities were also investigated to study the role of the length of the side chain in the cations. Fluorescence measurements at both room temperature and liquid nitrogen temperatures show that these materials show intense characteristic Eu(III) or Tb(III) emissions and have long decay times. Their overall quantum yields were determined to be in the range of 30-49%.
    Inorganic Chemistry 08/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: A novel beryllium borate, Ca3Na4LiBe4B10O24F, has been discovered. It possesses a unique ∞2[Be8B16O40F2] layer composed of two opposite parallel [Be4B4O12F]∞ layers bridged with [B12O24] polyborates. The linkage of [B12O24] to other structural units is first found in anhydrous borates. In the ∞2[Be8B16O40F2] layer, multiple tunnels are arranged along different directions resided by the alkali and alkaline-earth cations. The compound remains stable in an ambient atmosphere from room temperature to the melting point at 830 °C and melts incongruently.
    Inorganic Chemistry 08/2014; 53(16):8197.
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    ABSTRACT: A series of diphosphine ligands iPr2P-C6H4-X-C6H4-PiPr2(L1: X = CH2, L2: X = CH2CH2) was investigated to determine the preference for cis/trans coordination to palladium(0), palladium(II), and rhodium(I). Increasing the length of the bridging alkyl backbone from one to two carbons changes the geometry of the resulting palladium(II) complexes, with L1 coordinating preferentially cis, while L2 coordinates in a trans fashion. Coordination to Pd(0) leads to L1 Pd(dba) and L2Pd(dba), in which both ligands accommodate a P-M-P angle close to 120°. L2 was found to coordinate cis in a rhodium(I) complex ([L2Rh(nbd)][BF4 ], nbd = norbornadiene).
    Inorganic Chemistry 07/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: A new tetradentate dinucleating ligand [1,1'-(4-methyl-1H-pyrazole-3,5-diyl)bis(1-(pyridin-2-yl)ethanol)] (Hpbl) containing an O/N mixed donor set of atoms has been synthesized and characterized by analytical and spectroscopic techniques. The Ru-Cl and Ru-aqua complexes containing this ligand of general formula [Ru(II)X(Hpbl)(trpy)](y+) (trpy = 2,2':6',2″-terpyridine; X = Cl, y = 1; X = H2O, y = 2) have been prepared and thoroughly characterized by spectroscopic and electrochemical techniques. The Ru-aqua complex 2 undergoes N → O linkage isomerization as observed electrochemically, and the related thermodynamic and kinetic parameters are extracted from cyclic voltammetry experiments together with DIGISIM, a CV simulation package. Under basic conditions an additional isomer is observed where the pyrazolyl group in the Hpbl ligand is replaced by the geminal pyridyl group. Further structural and electronic characterization of all the isomers has been carried out by means of DFT calculations.
    Inorganic Chemistry 07/2014;

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