Plant Genetic Resources

Publisher: National Institute of Agricultural Botany (Great Britain), Cambridge University Press (CUP)

Journal description

Plant Genetic Resources is an international journal that brings together the many diverse topics concerned with plant genetic resources. Each issue gives you access to peer-reviewed research papers on genetic variation in plants, both crop and non-crop, as well as on the technical, socio-economic, legal and geo-political aspects of PGR. Many papers feature research directed to endangered non-crop and medicinal plants. The journal is of interest to researchers and scientists involved in the plant genetic resources community, including: breeders, all those with an interest in germplasm, policy makers, consultants and research students.

Current impact factor: 0.58

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2016
2014 Impact Factor 0.58
2013 Impact Factor 1.057
2012 Impact Factor 0.728

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 0.00
Cited half-life 5.50
Immediacy index 0.06
Eigenfactor 0.00
Article influence 0.00
Website Plant Genetic Resources: Characterization and Utilization website
Other titles Plant genetic resources (Online)
ISSN 1479-2621
OCLC 55059727
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Cambridge University Press (CUP)

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Author's Pre-print on author's personal website, departmental website, social media websites, institutional repository, non-commercial subject-based repositories, such as PubMed Central, Europe PMC or arXiv
    • Author's post-print on author's personal website on acceptance of publication
    • Author's post-print on departmental website, institutional repository, non-commercial subject-based repositories, such as PubMed Central, Europe PMC or arXiv, after a 6 months embargo
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Published abstract may be deposited
    • Pre-print to record acceptance for publication
    • Publisher copyright and source must be acknowledged with set statement
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Publisher last reviewed on 07/10/2014
    • This policy is an exception to the default policies of 'Cambridge University Press (CUP)'
  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • Kyung Jun Lee · Jung-Ro Lee · Hyo-Jeong Kim · Sebastin Raveendar · Gi-An Lee · Young-Ah Jeon · Eunseong Park · Kyung-Ho Ma · Sok-Young Lee · Jong-Wook Chung
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A total of 27 accessions from ten Vicia species were investigated for flavonoid contents, total polyphenol contents, and DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl) and ABTS [2,2′-azinobis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline 6-sulfonic acid)] free radical-scavenging activities. The results revealed that NAC17 ( V. monantha ) and NAC14 ( V. hyrcanica ) had the highest total flavonoid content (1.42 ± 0.09 mg/g) and total polyphenol content [124.2 ± 0.5 μg/gallic acid equivalents (GAE) mg], respectively. Among four flavonoids, naringenin was detected at high concentrations in Vicia species. The DPPH and ABTS assays showed values in the range of 57.2 (IC 50 ) (NAC13, V. faba ) to 6530.0 (IC 50 ) (NAC24, V. sativa subsp. nigra ) and 19.1 μg/Trolox mg (NAC7, V. cracca ) to 253.4 μg/Trolox mg (NAC13, V. faba ), respectively. Among ten Vicia species, V. monantha and V. hyrcanica had the highest flavonoid content (1.31 ± 0.09 mg/g) and total polyphenol content (116.5 ± 2.0 μg/GAE mg), respectively. The highest antioxidant activity was detected in V. faba . These results will expand the flavonoid database and provide valuable information on Vicia species for the development of functional foods or feed-additive resources.
    Plant Genetic Resources 09/2015; DOI:10.1017/S147926211500043X
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We present a method for multispectral seed phenotyping as a fast and robust tool for managing genebank accessions. A multispectral vision system was used to take images of the seeds of 20 diverse varieties of rice (approximately 30 seeds for each variety). This was followed by extraction of feature information from the images. Multivariate analysis of the feature data was used to classify seed phenotypes according to accession. The proportion of correctly classified rice seeds was 93%. We conclude that the multispectral image analysis could play a role in comparing incoming seeds against existing accessions, identifying different seed types within a sample of seeds and/or in checking whether regenerated seeds match the original seeds.
    Plant Genetic Resources 08/2015; DOI:10.1017/S1479262115000362
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) has been cultivated in Latvia since the 17th century, and formal breeding programmes have been established since the start of the 20th century. The Latvian potato genetic resource collection consists of 83 accessions of Latvian origin, including landraces, old cultivars released starting from the 1930’s, modern cultivars and breeding material. These are maintained in field and in vitro collections. Pedigree information about the potato cultivars is often limited, and the use of hybrids of local cultivars as parents is common in the Latvian potato breeding programme. Ninety-four Latvian potato varieties and breeding lines and some commonly used foreign accessions were genotyped with the potato DNA diversity array technology. Analysis of the Latvian potato genetic resources collection revealed that the amount of genetic diversity has increased in the modern cultivars in comparison with the old cultivars.
    Plant Genetic Resources 08/2015; DOI:10.1017/S1479262115000398
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Stripe rust, caused by Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici (Pst), is one of the most important diseases affecting wheat. In this study, seven gene-linked markers were used to identify the presence of stripe rust resistant genes in 51 accessions of synthetic hexaploid of wheat which were found to be resistant at seedling plant stage. Molecular marker-based gene identification showed the presence of Yr5 , Yr10 and Yr15 in three accessions, Yr36 in three accessions, Yr48 in seven accessions, YrR61 in four accessions, and YrTP1 in ten accessions of resistant hexaploid of wheat. These gene-linked markers were also used for the detection of genetic diversity. A total of 68 alleles were detected by these seven gene-linked markers. The mean number of allele was 11.3 alleles per locus. Genetic diversity values ranged from 0.34 to 0.93, with highest genetic diversity value of 0.93 detected for marker Xwm477 . The lowest genetic diversity value was observed for marker Xbarc167 . The polymorphic information content value ranged from 0.33 to 0.92 with an average of 0.54. The highest number of alleles ( n = 24) were detected for marker Xwmc477 . The evidence in this study on the basis of genetic diversity and presence of Yr genes in synthetic hexaploid wheat accessions will be useful in further breeding programmes.
    Plant Genetic Resources 08/2015; -1:1-7. DOI:10.1017/S1479262115000283
  • Huimin Feng · You Chen · Bo Li · Yaoting Wu
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Musa L. was previously separated into five sections ( Eumusa , Rhodochlamys , Callimusa , Australimusa and Ingentimusa ) based on basic chromosome numbers and morphological characters. However, several molecular analyses currently support restructuring of Musa species into two sections, Musa and Callimusa . The application of simple sequence repeat molecular marker analysis to Musa phylogeny provided valuable, supplemental information about the classification of, and relationships between, Musa species and subspecies. Totally, 28 accessions of Musa acuminata Colla subspecies and varieties and 25 accessions of other Musa species were evaluated; 12 primers produced 91 polymorphic bands, polymorphic information content ranged from 0.4473 to 0.8394 (average = 0.7226), indicating that the primers showed a high level of polymorphism. Our results generally agreed with previous phylogenetic analyses based on molecular data. One clade comprised species of sections Australimusa and Callimusa ( X = 10/9); most species of sections Eumusa and Rhodochlamys ( X = 11) formed the other clade. The relationships between most species were as expected; however, some species did not conform to findings of previous studies. A wide range of variability was observed in the M. acuminata complex. M. acuminata var. chinensis and M. acuminata subsp. 522 showed the most distant relationships to other subspecies: Musa laterita , Musa ornata and Musa velutina clustered with M. acuminata var. chinensis , suggesting that they may constitute a secondary gene pool for the improvement of cultivated bananas. Molecular data indicated that Musa tongbiguanensis Chen You & Yao-Ting Wu, which was observed and described by our research group in Yunnan, China, was a distinct, new species.
    Plant Genetic Resources 08/2015; -1:1-8. DOI:10.1017/S1479262115000222
  • Hedia Bourguiba · Mohamed-Amine Batnini · Lamia Krichen · Neila Trifi-Farah · Jean-Marc Audergon
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: North Africa enclosed original apricot genetic resources with the cohabitation of grafting and seed-propagated accessions. In this study, we assessed the genetic diversity and population structure of 183 apricot accessions using 24 microsatellite markers distributed evenly in the Prunus genome. A total of 192 alleles and a high level of gene diversity (0.593) were detected among the whole panel. Genetic structure analysis revealed the presence of four genetic clusters. We also found that both geographical origin and mode of propagation are important factors structuring genetic diversity in apricot species. Results confirmed the presence of gene exchange between the northern and southern countries of the Mediterranean Basin. Subsequently, a core collection of 98 accessions based on M (maximization) strategy showing 99.47% of allele retention ratio was constructed. No significant differences for Shannon's information index and Nei's diversity index were observed between the core and entire collections. Our results provide an effective aid for future germplasm preservation and conservation strategies as well as genetic association studies development in relation to phenotypic data.
    Plant Genetic Resources 07/2015; DOI:10.1017/S1479262115000313
  • Yerlan Turuspekov · Joerg Plieske · Martin Ganal · Eduard Akhunov · Saule Abugalieva
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The recent introduction of Illumina single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) arrays is an important step towards comprehensive genome-wide studies of genetic diversity in wheat. In this study, 90 cultivars of hexaploid spring wheat growing in Kazakhstan were genotyped using the high-density wheat 90 K Illumina SNP array. The analysis allowed the identification of 30,288 polymorphic SNPs. A subset of 3541 high-quality SNPs were used for a comparison of 690 wheat accessions representing landraces and varieties, including those from Asia, Australia, Canada, Europe, Kazakhstan, USA and other parts of the world. Phylogenetic analysis showed a clear separation of wheat cultivars according to their geographic origin. In the phylogenetic tree, accessions from Kazakhstan and the USA formed two neighbouring clusters with a common node, and they were distinct from accessions from other regions of the world, including Europe. The results provide important new insights into the genetic relationships between diverse wheat accessions.
    Plant Genetic Resources 07/2015; DOI:10.1017/S1479262115000325
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Belgian agriculture could decrease its heavy dependency on imported protein crops by a local production of soybean. Unfortunately, soybean production is hampered by Belgium's short and cold growing season. We evaluated 409 varieties, breeding lines and genebank accessions planted at two planting dates in a row-plot experiment to explore the genotypes that are suitable for growing in Belgium. The current MG000 varieties may require additional crossings with very early-maturing genotypes to guarantee an optimal and safe harvest. Within such crossings, care must be taken to maintain the indeterminate or semi-determinate growth habit. Vegetative development was negatively correlated with flowering date and maturity date, but positively correlated with cold tolerance. Seed quality was mainly affected by mould infection (associated with strong lodging and late maturity) and mottling caused by soybean mosaic virus. Planting 3 weeks earlier resulted in 8 d earlier flowering and 7 d earlier maturing, without significant losses in seed yield per plant. The results of this row-plot experiment hold promise to select for genotypes adapted to the Belgian conditions.
    Plant Genetic Resources 07/2015; -1:1-7. DOI:10.1017/S1479262115000180
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Sweet sorghum is highly coveted to contribute and take up food and energy challenges. A collection of 84 West Africa landraces mostly from Senegal and four control cultivars were screened to identify relevant accessions and trait combination for multi-purpose (sugar/grain/biomass). The implication of photoperiod sensitivity was particularly addressed. A total of 20 traits related to phenology, morphology, grain and sugar production were assessed in two sowing dates (July and August) at CNRA Bambey in Senegal. Late sowing resulted in shortened vegetative phase and a significant decrease in traits related to plant size, stem sugar, biomass and grain productions. Broad-sense heritability was moderate to high for most of the phenology, morphology, grain and sugar-related traits, suggesting their interest for breeding. All the traits related to plant size were positively correlated with plant sugar production except plant height. A cluster analysis identified three groups contrasting in their ability to combine sugar, grain or fodder production based on 18 traits measured for the early sowing. Clusters I and III were suitable for one purpose: grain and sugar, respectively. Cluster II was the most suitable for multi-purpose, showing the best trade-off among grain, sugar and vegetative biomass production. The best accessions for stem sugar yield belonged to durra, caudatum and their intermediate types. The relationship between internode size and sweetness should be further studied, in particular exploring their relationship with internode tissue anatomy. Further studies are also needed to evaluate the role that stay-green can play in sugar yield maintenance under post-flowering drought.
    Plant Genetic Resources 06/2015; -1:1-11. DOI:10.1017/S1479262115000155
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Climate change-induced events are causing salinization of many rice-growing areas, requiring the identification of new sources of genetic variation for salt tolerance in plant genetic resources since commonly grown cultivars are sensitive to salt. To identify the level of salt tolerance across a wide range of genotypes, we used a multivariate screening method using multiple growth and physiological traits simultaneously. For this purpose, four indica, two japonica and two wild rice genotypes were grown hydroponically under 40 and 80 mM NaCl stresses; fourteen different growth, qualitative and physiological traits, e.g. plant height, biomass, root and shoot elongation rates, and tissue ion accumulation, were recorded. In general, indica varieties performed better than both japonica and wild species. Our approach identified the existence of qualitatively different mechanisms of salt tolerance across the genotypes. For example, Pokkali, a salt-tolerant indica variety, displayed both ‘Na exclusion’ and ‘ion balance’ mechanisms, whereas PSBRc50 and IR58 showed only ‘Na exclusion’, and the Japonica genotypes Banikat and Nipponbare showed only ‘ion balance’. The results demonstrated that the tolerance is dependent on the level of stress and that this varies between genotypes; Nipponbare is moderately tolerant to 40 mM NaCl but not to 80 mM. We also suggest that the use of multivariate analyses can simplify the complex salinity tolerance picture and can effectively reveal the salinity tolerant genotype from a wide range of germplasm. The results reported here identify different physiological mechanism of tolerance across the genotypes and provide a sound basis for future studies examining their underlying molecular mechanisms.
    Plant Genetic Resources 04/2015; DOI:10.1017/S1479262115000118
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Genetic diversity identified in the Capsicum genepool has been utilized extensively to improve pepper disease resistance, fruit quality and varied yield attributes. Little attention has been dedicated to evaluating the breadth of potential diversity within Capsicum for fresh-cut attributes and genetic enhancement of fresh-cut fruit quality. We evaluated fresh-cut attributes in pepper accessions with diverse fruit phenotype selected from available cultivars and the USDA, ARS Capsicum genebank. Subjective assessment of product quality and objective measurement of package atmospheric composition, tissue juice leakage and membrane electrolyte leakage after 7, 10 and 14 d of storage identified significant differences for fresh-cut attributes among as well as within sweet bell, large elongate, jalapeno and serrano germplasm. Sweet bell and large elongate fruited accessions generally exhibited increasing electrolyte leakage over days of storage, whereas jalapeno and serrano accessions maintained stable electrolyte leakage levels. Jalapeno and serrano fruit classes were typified by faster decline in package headspace O2 and accumulation in CO2 partial pressures in comparison to sweet bell and large elongated fruit classes. Regression analysis demonstrated a relationship between overall visual quality and electrolyte leakage after 14 d of storage for sweet bell and large elongated fruit classes. The results demonstrate extensive variation in Capsicum germplasm to improve pepper for fresh-cut applications and facilitate research to better understand physiological and heritable determinants of fresh-cut product quality.
    Plant Genetic Resources 04/2015; DOI:10.1017/S1479262115000131
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: African yam bean, AYB ( Sphenostylis stenocarpa Hochst. ex. A. Rich Harms), is a tuberous legume of tropical Africa. AYB has the potential to significantly boost food security due to its considerable nutritional qualities. However, the crop is underutilized. To efficiently utilize AYB genetic resources for its improvement, it is necessary to understand the crop's diversity. This study investigated the amplification ability of 36 cowpea simple sequence repeat (SSR) primers across AYB genomic DNA, extracted from 67 accessions. Thirteen (36%) of the cowpea SSRs showed transferability in AYB. Eight of these SSRs amplified above 60% of AYB accessions and generated 55 polymorphic fragments with an average of 6.9 per primer. Polymorphic information content ranged from 0.6691 to 0.8857 with an average of 0.7791. This study also assessed the genetic diversity within 67 AYB accessions using eight cowpea ( Vigna unguiculata L. Walp)-derived SSR primers. The result revealed a high level of genetic diversity with simple matching coefficient ranging from 0.458 to 1.000. A dendrogram depicting three main clusters was generated based on unweighted pair group method with arithmetic average. Cluster 1 was the most diverse with a dissimilarity range of 0.517–1.000. The level of genetic diversity revealed in this study indicates that the studied AYB germplasm can be exploited for genetic improvement. Additionally, the transferable markers will aid AYB genome research and also make possible the comparative mapping between AYB and cowpea.
    Plant Genetic Resources 03/2015; -1:1-7. DOI:10.1017/S1479262115000064