Quality in primary care (Qual Prim Care )

Description

Quality in Primary Care (formerly The Journal of Clinical Governance) is the first European journal devoted solely to the topic of quality in primary healthcare. The journal is concerned with all aspects of quality in primary care and the interfaces between primary and secondary, and primary care and social care.

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  • Website
    Quality in Primary Care website
  • Other titles
    Quality in primary care (Online), Quality in primary care
  • ISSN
    1479-1072
  • OCLC
    55061615
  • Material type
    Document, Periodical, Internet resource
  • Document type
    Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This is the fifth in a series of papers about the science of quality improvement. In this paper, we explore the issue of healthcare as a system and how this contributes to our understanding of how to spread improvement.
    Quality in primary care 02/2014; 22(1):7-10.
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    ABSTRACT: Treatment fidelity has previously been defined as the degree to which a treatment or intervention is delivered to participants as intended. Underreporting of fidelity in primary care randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of complex interventions reduces our confidence that findings are due to the treatment or intervention being investigated, rather than unknown confounders. We aimed to investigate treatment fidelity (for the purpose of this paper, hereafter referred to as intervention fidelity), of an educational intervention delivered to general practice teams and designed to improve the primary care management of insomnia. We conducted telephone interviews with patients and practitioners participating in the intervention arm of the trial to explore trial fidelity. Qualitative analysis was undertaken using constant comparison and a priori themes (categories): 'adherence to the delivery of the intervention', 'patients received and understood intervention' and 'patient enactment'. If the intervention protocol was not adhered to by the practitioner then patient receipt, understanding and enactment levels were reduced. Recruitment difficulties in terms of the gap between initially being recruited into the study and attending an intervention consultation also reduced the effectiveness of the intervention. Patient attributes such as motivation to learn and engage contributed to the success of the uptake of the intervention. Qualitative methods using brief telephone interviews are an effective way of collecting the depth of data required to assess intervention fidelity. Intervention fidelity monitoring should be an important element of definitive trial design. ClinicalTrials. gov id isrctn 55001433 - www.controlled-trials.com/isrctn55001433.
    Quality in primary care 02/2014; 22(1):25-34.
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    ABSTRACT: Homeopathy is one of the most frequently used areas of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). Previous research has focused in particular on the pharmacological effectiveness of homeopathy. There is intense discussion among German family medical practitioners as to whether family medicine should adopt elements of homeopathy because of the popularity of this treatment method. For the first time in Germany, patients with chronic conditions were asked about their views on the medical care provided by homeopathic medical practitioners. The survey used questionnaire-based, semi-structured expert interviews, the contents of which were then analysed and summarised. A total of 21 women and five men aged from 29 to 75 years were surveyed. The 'fit' between therapist and patient proved to be particularly important. Both the initial homeopathic consultation and the process of searching for the appropriate medication were seen by patients as confidence-inspiring confirmations of the validity of homeopathic therapy which they considered desirable in this personalised form. The possible adoption by family medicine of elements of homeopathy may be seen as controversial, but this study again indicates the vital importance of successful communication to ensure a sustainable doctor-patient relationship. Advances in this sector not only require continuous efforts in the areas of medical training and professional development, but also touch on basic questions relating to the development of effective medical care, such as those currently being discussed in the context of the 'patient-centred medical home'.
    Quality in primary care 02/2014; 22(1):17-24.
  • Quality in primary care 02/2014; 22(1):3-5.
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    ABSTRACT: The rising prevalence of obesity and diabetes in Kuwait represents a significant challenge for the country's healthcare system. Diabetes care in Scotland has improved by adopting a system of managed clinical networks supported by a national informatics platform. In 2010, a Kuwait-Dundee collaboration was established with a view to transforming diabetes care in Kuwait. This paper describes the significant progress that has been made to date. The Kuwait-Scotland eHealth Innovation Network (KSeHIN) is a partnership among health, education, industry and government. KSeHIN aims to deliver a package of clinical service development, education (including a formal postgraduate programme and continuing professional development) and research underpinned by a comprehensive informatics system. The informatics system includes a disease registry for children and adults with diabetes. At the patient level, the system provides an overview of clinical and operational data. At the population level, users view key performance indicators based on national standards of diabetes care established by KSeHIN. The national childhood registry (CODeR) accumulates approximately 300 children a year. The adult registry (KHN), implemented in four primary healthcare centres in 2013, has approximately 4000 registered patients, most of whom are not yet meeting national clinical targets. A credit-bearing postgraduate educational programme provides module-based teaching and workplace-based projects. In addition, a new clinical skills centre provides simulator-based training. Over 150 masters students from throughout Kuwait are enrolled and over 400 work-based projects have been completed to date. KSeHIN represents a successful collaboration between multiple stakeholders working across traditional boundaries. It is targeting patient outcomes, system performance and professional development to provide a sustainable transformation in the quality of diabetes healthcare for the growing population of Kuwaitis with diabetes in Kuwait.
    Quality in primary care 02/2014; 22(1):43-51.
  • Quality in primary care 02/2014; 22(1):1-2.
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    ABSTRACT: The patient perspective is central to quality improvement. This article describes how health services are involving individuals and the public in improving healthcare. It describes the importance and different methods of accessing patient and carer feedback on satisfaction, experience and outcomes, and explores current thinking on individual involvement, engagement in commissioning, and the role of the public in redesigning health services.
    Quality in primary care 02/2014; 22(1):11-5.
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    ABSTRACT: Expanding clinical teaching opportunities is essential for securing a sustainable health workforce. Although Tasmanian general practitioners (GPs) are keen to provide learning opportunities for medical students, they have identifed time pressures due to a need to meet patient service demand and a need for more guidance on effective clinical teaching, as factors impacting their ability to increase clinical supervision. By developing a clinical audit activity, we delivered an educational resource that did not require direct GP supervision yet provided meaningful learning outcomes for students. Through systematically reviewing patient records it was hoped that students would strengthen practicebased quality improvement activities, thus 'giving back' to their placement practice. A clinical audit curriculum was developed for fourth-year medical students at the Launceston Clinical School (n = 46) and implemented during their general practice rotation. This included a lecture and tutorial, and structured activities based on an audit of diabetes care. Preparation and support was provided to GP supervisors and practice staff through ongoing practice visits conducted by school academics. Implementation of the curriculum within general practice was evaluated through focus groups conducted with staff from five training practices (n = 29). Evaluation of student experiences is ongoing. This paper reports on the experiences of general practice supervisors and other practice staff. GPs and practice staff responded positively, indicating that the syllabus provided novel teaching opportunities and a modest contribution to improving patient records and patient care. Major learning opportunities identified included the development of skills working with patient records and practice software, and understanding the importance of accurate and reliable medical records for the optimal delivery of patient care. Conducting clinical audit provides students with novel learning opportunities while also strengthening the capacity of teaching general practices to provide clinical placements. Students learnt about the importance of monitoring professional practice using systematic clinical audit, and the complexities of managing patients within primary care. In so doing, they enhanced the robustness and rigor of patient records within their placement practice.
    Quality in primary care 02/2014; 22(1):35-41.
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    ABSTRACT: Professional bodies have long overseen the maintenance of standards of training and practice within the different healthcare professions. Organisational regulation of healthcare in England comprises two main elements: regulation of the quality and safety of care offered by healthcare providers, currently undertaken by the Care Quality Commission (CQC); and regulation of the market in healthcare services, currently the responsibility of Monitor and the Department of Health. The eighth in the series, this article considers the expanding roles of newer bodies, particularly in relation to primary care. The cost-effectiveness of these new arrangements is unknown - and possibly unknowable.
    Quality in primary care 01/2014; 22(2):57-61.
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    ABSTRACT: The success of immunisation programmes depends on the quality with which they are administered. The Vaccine Advice for CliniCians Service (VACCSline) is an advice service to support immunisers and promote excellence in immunisation practice, through specialist guidance and local education, covering a catchment population of two million people. All enquiries are recorded onto a database and categorised. Vaccine error is selected when a vaccine has not been prepared or administered according to national recommendations or relevant expert guidance.
    Quality in primary care 01/2014; 22(3):139-46.
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    ABSTRACT: Evaluating quality improvement interventions requires a variety of methods. These range from quantitative methods, such as randomised controlled trials, to quasi-experimental (controlled before-and-after and interrupted time series) and uncontrolled before-and-after studies, including clinical audits, to determine whether improvement interventions have had an effect. Qualitative methods are often also used to understand how or why an intervention was successful and which components of a complex or multifaceted intervention were most effective. Finally, mixed methods designs such as action research or case study methods are widely used to design and evaluate improvement interventions.
    Quality in primary care 01/2014; 22(2):63-70.
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    ABSTRACT: EUprimecare is a study funded by the Seventh Framework Programme of the European Union, aimed at analysing the quality of the different models of primary care in Europe. The objective of this study was to describe and analyse the determinants associated with patient satisfaction in primary care in Europe.
    Quality in primary care 01/2014; 22(3):147-55.
  • Quality in primary care 01/2014;
  • Quality in primary care 01/2014; 22(2):53-5.
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    ABSTRACT: Background: The National Health Service (NHS) has announced its new target to increase the 'shockingly low dementia diagnosis rate' in England from the current level of 45% to 66% by end of March 2015. Clinical commissioning groups (CCGs) in England have committed to meeting this target. The Norfolk and Suffolk dementia diagnosis rate (DDR) is below the rate for England in some areas; across the CCGs included in this study, the average DDR was 39.9% with a standard deviation of 5.3.Aims: This study aimed to explore and understand the low DDR in Norfolk and Suffolk and to learn what might be needed to support general practitioners (GPs) to meet the targets set by the UK Department of Health.Methods: An online survey was developed including questions from the National GP Audit 2009. The link to the online survey was sent via email to all GPs in four participating CCGs in Norfolk and Suffolk. SPSS was used for descriptive analysis. Chi-square tests were conducted to identify significant differences in response rates between groups of GPs.Results: The survey was completed by 28% (N = 113) of 400 GPs in 108 practices across three CCGs receiving the survey link. There was a significant difference in response rates from GPs in each CCG, but there were no significant differences in terms of their answers to the questions in the survey. GP respondents expressed confidence in their ability to identify cases of dementia for onward referral to memory services. Participating GPs also acknowledged the benefits to patients and their carers of a timely dementia diagnosis at an early stage of the disease. However, they reported concerns about the quality and availability of post-diagnostic support services for people with dementia and their carers. In this survey, GPs' attitudes were more positive about diagnosing dementia than those responding to the National Audit 2009.Conclusions: Despite GPs' attitudes being more positive than in 2009 about diagnosing dementia, the Norfolk and Suffolk DDR remains low. This may reflect lack of GP confidence in the quality and availability of post-diagnostic support services. This study has identified a need to map the existing post-diagnostic support services for people with dementia and to identify gaps in services. This could lead to the development of a resource which might enable GPs to provide relevant advice to newly diagnosed patients and their carers, facilitate signposting to support services, and give GPs confidence to increase the DDR in their area.
    Quality in primary care 01/2014; 22(2).
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    ABSTRACT: This is the tenth in a series of articles about the science of quality improvement. We explore how evidence-based healthcare relates to quality improvement, implementation science and the translation of evidence to improve healthcare practice and patient outcomes. Evidence-based practice integrates the individual practitioner's experience, patient preferences and the best available research information. Incorporating the best available research evidence in decision making involves five steps: asking answerable questions, accessing the best information, appraising the information for validity and relevance, applying the information to care of patients and populations, and evaluating the impact for evidence of change and expected outcomes. Major barriers to implementing evidence-based practice include the impression among practitioners that their professional freedom is being constrained, lack of appropriate training and resource constraints. Incentives including financial incentives, guidance and regulation are increasingly being used to encourage evidence-based practice.
    Quality in primary care 01/2014; 22(3):125-32.
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    ABSTRACT: Individual practice needs to be developed to improve effectiveness, safety and patient experience. Although good systems can support better individual performance, without personal development, individual practice can be a source of error. This, the final article in our series on the science of quality improvement, describes models of competence and practice and the causes of good or poor practice. We show how quality improvement techniques can be used to improve individual practice and how this can be incorporated into the appraisal process for doctors, nurses and other healthcare professionals.
    Quality in primary care 01/2014; 22(3):133-8.