World Journal of Surgical Oncology (World J Surg Oncol )


World Journal of Surgical Oncology is an Open Access, peer-reviewed, online journal publishing articles related to surgical oncology and its allied subjects such as epidemiology, cancer research, biomarkers, prevention, pathology, radiology, cancer treatment, clinical trials, multimodality treatment and molecular biology. Emphasis is placed on original research articles and clinical case reports. The journal will also provide balanced, extensive and timely review articles on selected topics. World Journal of Surgical Oncology considers research in surgical oncology and related fields. Oncology is a multidisciplinary super-speciality of which surgical oncology forms an integral component, especially when it comes to solid tumours. It is a fast growing speciality. Surgical oncologists around the world are involved in research extending from detecting the mechanisms underlying causation of cancer, to its treatment and prevention. The role of a surgical oncologist also extends across the whole continuum of care. With continued developments in diagnosis and treatment, the role of a surgical oncologist is ever-changing. Hence, the journal aims to keep the new generation surgical oncologist abreast with latest developments in their field and in related fields that will ultimately influence the work of surgical oncologists. There are very few journals in the field of surgical oncology; these are available at a subscription that is beyond many, especially in developing and under developed countries. Moreover, there is no Open Access journal catering for surgical oncologists. As most of the journals are print journals with space constraints, there was a demand for a journal where one could publish without space constraints but with a wide readership. As the journal had global readership without any restriction it was aptly named as World Journal of Surgical Oncology with world-wide representation on the editorial board. To facilitate rapid publication and to minimize administrative costs, World Journal of Surgical Oncology accepts only online submission.

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  • Website
    World Journal of Surgical Oncology website
  • Other titles
    World journal of surgical oncology (Online), WJSO
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  • Material type
    Document, Internet resource
  • Document type
    Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publications in this journal

  • Masanori Kobayashi, Tomoyo Sakabe, Asako Chiba, Akihito Nakajima, Masato Okamoto, Shigetaka Shimodaira, Yoshikazu Yonemitsu, Yuta Shibamoto, Noboru Suzuki, Masaki Nagaya
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    ABSTRACT: An 80-year-old man with a history of gastric cancer and pulmonary emphysema underwent a distal gastrectomy for gastric cancer in 1997. In 2010, an endoscopic examination revealed a depressed-type lesion at the oral side of the anastomosis, which was diagnosed as signet-ring adenocarcinoma. Surgical management was considered, but was rejected because of obstructive and restrictive respiratory events. Chemotherapy was terminated because of adverse events. Endoscopy was used to administer intratumoral injections of dendritic cells (DCs) targeting synthesized peptides of Wilms tumor 1 (WT1) and mucin 1, cell-surface associated (MUC1). An immunohistochemical analysis of the tumor samples indicated positivity for WT1 and MUC1. One month after seven cycles of DC had been administered (between November 2010 and April 2011), no suspicious lesions were evident, and his biopsy results were normal. The patient has been in remission for 30 months. Intratumoral injections of DCs showed therapeutic effects in this patient, who could not undergo endoscopic submucosal dissection or surgery.
    World Journal of Surgical Oncology 12/2014; 12(1):390.
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    ABSTRACT: This study was aimed to investigate whether ATP-sensitive potassium channel (KATP) is involved in curcumin's anti-proliferative effects against gastric cancer. In an in vitro study, gastric cancer cell line SGC-7901 was treated with curcumin at serial concentrations and co-administrated with the KATP opener, diazoxide. The effect of curcumin and diazoxide on proliferation were assessed by MTT assay. Mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) was studied by flow cytometry detection of rhodamine 123 staining. Apoptosis was evaluated by flow cytometry detection of Annexin V propidium iodide double staining. In an in vivo study, SGC-7901 cells were planted into nude mice as xenografts. Animals were treated with curcumin co-administered with diazoxide. Tumor volume and tumor weight were observed. Curcumin incubation significantly induced loss of MMP in SGC-7901 cells in a dose- dependent manner (P < 0.05); the cell apoptotic rate also dramatically increased after curcumin incubation in a dose-dependent manner (P < 0.05). After co-administration with diazoxide, however, we found that both the MMP-loss-inducing and the apoptosis-inducing effects of curcumin in SGC-7901 cells were significantly impaired (all P < 0.05). As a result, the proliferation of SGC-7901 cells was maintained by diazoxide treatment. Impaired mitoKATP opening causes MMP loss, and is involved in curcumin-induced apoptosis in gastric cancer.
    World Journal of Surgical Oncology 12/2014; 12(1):389.
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this research was to assess the characteristics of octogenarian patients with colorectal cancer and compare specific outcomes due to different types of surgical procedures used to treat the disease. A total of 346 octogenarian patients undergoing surgery for colorectal cancer between April 2000 and April 2010 were retrospectively assessed according to elective (n = 261) or emergent (n = 85) admission group. The two groups were compared for clinical variables, surgical procedures, morbidity and mortality, ICU admission, length of hospital stay and overall survival. The two groups had similar comorbidities. The emergent group had a more advanced Dukes' stage, higher American Society of Anesthesiologists grading, lower anastomosis rate (40.2 versus 80.1%), higher stoma rate (30.6 versus 9.6%), more complications (71.8 versus 43.3%), nine days longer length of hospital stay and higher (82.4% versus 36.4%) ICU admission rate. Overall mortality was 9.5%, with a higher mortality rate in the emergent group (30.6%) than the elective group (3.1%). Octogenarians who undergo elective colorectal cancer surgery have better results than those requiring emergent surgery, but both are quite acceptable and we recommend that surgical intervention should not be delayed.
    World Journal of Surgical Oncology 12/2014; 12(1):386.
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    ABSTRACT: Both mucinous cystadenoma of the appendix and intestinal schistosomiasis are rare lesions. We report a rare case of simultaneous giant mucinous cystadenoma of the appendix and intestinal schistosomiasis. A 64-year-old man from China presented with a one-year history of pain in the right lower quadrant of the abdomen. There were no other pertinent historical findings, other than schistosomiasis. Imaging showed a large, tubular, mesenteric cystic structure extending downwards from the inferior wall of the cecum. Right hemicolectomy was performed for the appendiceal tumor. The final pathological diagnosis was mucinous cystadenoma with calcified Schistosome eggs within the mucosa and submucosa of the appendix, small intestine, colon, and lymph nodes. We deduced that the pathogenesis of appendiceal mucinous cystadenoma in our case was Schistosome eggs causing luminal obstruction, finally resulting in intraluminal accumulation of mucoid material. Postoperatively, the patient recovered well.
    World Journal of Surgical Oncology 12/2014; 12(1):385.
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    ABSTRACT: Pulmonary adenocarcinoma (PA) is the most common histologic type of primary lung cancer. Generally, adenocarcinoma was composed by five major components. The present study aimed to evaluate changes in the composition of adenocarcinoma components as the tumor grows; in addition, to analyze the correlation between the occupancy rates of histologic components of the tumor in regard to prognosis. Pathologic data were retrospectively evaluated for 206 patients who underwent curative resection of PA. We investigated how histologic component occupancy rates changed as tumor size and N stage increased. To evaluate local invasiveness, the major components of the present group and absent group of pleural invasion, lymphatic invasion, and vascular invasion were compared. The mean percentages of acinar and solid components significantly increased with an increase in size (P = 0.006, P < 0.001) ; however, the percentage of lepidic components decreased (P < 0.001). In cases with a solid component and a micropapillary component, a gradual increase was found with an increase N stage (P = 0.001, P < 0.001); however the percentage of lepidic components decreased (P < 0.001). Average differences of histologic components dependent upon whether pleural, lympathic and vascular invasion were present, the difference of micropapillary and lepidic components were statistically significant. With logistic regression analysis, as the occupancy rate of the lepidic component increased, the probability of pleural invasion, lymphatic invasion, and vascular invasion decreased; in cases with a micropapillary component, as the occupancy rate of increased, the probability of lymphatic invasion and vascular invasion increased. In multivariate analysis using the Cox propotional hazards model, the occupancy rates of acinar(p = 0.043; odds ratio = 1.023), micropapillary(p = 0.002; odds ratio = 1.051) and lepidic (p = 0.005; odds ratio = 0.966) components were significantly associated with recurrence. The lower the occupancy rate of a lepidic component and the higher the occupancy rates of acinar, solid, and micropapillary components, the likelihood of tumor progression increased. In addition, as the occupancy rate of a lepidic component decreased and a micropapillary component increased, local invasiveness and recurrence rate increased; thus, increasing the probability of a poor prognosis.
    World Journal of Surgical Oncology 12/2014; 12(1):388.
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    ABSTRACT: Maffucci syndrome is a rare, congenital, non-hereditary mesodermal dysplasia, manifested by multiple enchondromas and hemangiomas. Malignant transformation of these lesions is seen in up to 40% of the cases.Case report: We present a case of a patient with Maffucci syndrome and an associated chondrosarcoma of the nose. Treatment consisted of surgical resection. Because of the low grade of the tumor, additional treatment, such as radiotherapy, was not necessary. Maffucci syndrome is an exceedingly rare mesodermal dysplasia. Its manifestation in the head and neck region is even less common. Malignant transformation of the associated enchondromas is common, and should be considered whenever a change of the clinical course occurs. Random, periodically performed X-ray examinations give little additional information on malignant transformation and are considered useless.
    World Journal of Surgical Oncology 12/2014; 12(1):387.
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    ABSTRACT: miR-126 plays an important role in the proliferation, invasion, migration, and chemotherapeutics resistance in cancer. Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), as the major polyphenolic constituent present in green tea, is a promising anticancer agent. However, the role of miR-126 in EGCG anticancer remains unclear. Here, we investigated the effects of miR-126 and EGCG on cell viability, apoptosis, cell cycle distribution of osteosarcoma cells and the sensitization of miR-126 on osteosarcoma cells to EGCG. The cell viability, apoptosis and cycle distribution were analyzed using MTT assay and flow cytometry. Our results showed that EGCG (0.025, 0.05, 0.1, 0.2 g/L) suppresses proliferation of osteosarcoma MG63 and U2OS cells in a concentration-dependent and time-dependent manner and the inhibitory effects of 0.05 g/L EGCG on U2OS cells were roughly equivalent to 20 muM cisplatin (DDP); miR-126 could promote apoptosis and inhibit proliferation in U2OS cells but without significant effects on cell cycle G1 phase arrest; EGCG suppressed proliferation of U2OS cells through induction of cell cycle G1 arrest and apoptotic death; overexpression of miR-126 enhanced the inhibitory effects of EGCG on proliferation in U2OS cells via promotion of apoptosis. Our results demonstrate that enhanced expression of miR-126 increased the sensitivity of osteosarcoma cells to EGCG through induction of apoptosis.
    World Journal of Surgical Oncology 12/2014; 12(1):383.
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    ABSTRACT: Background/aims: Breast cancer is the most common tumor in women and the first cause of death for malignancy in the female population. Bile ducts are not among the common sites of metastasis from breast cancer; few cases of obstructive jaundice due to metastatic breast cancer have been described in the literature and they mostly resulted from widespread liver metastases that eventually involved the bile ducts. We report an exceptional case of metastatic infiltration of the extrahepatic bile ducts in absence of liver metastases. A 56-year-old woman who had undergone a right mastectomy 13 years earlier due to infiltrating ductal breast cancer and had remained tumor free, presented at a follow-up examination with obstructive jaundice.Imaging (computed tomography, magnetic resonance and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography) scans showed features that were suggestive of a primary tumor of the extrahepatic bile duct. At surgery, the intraoperative findings were also those of a tumor of the bile duct, however, an histological examination showed no evidence of malignancy in the mucosa, but did shown an infiltration of the external wall from adenocarcinoma. Immunohistochemistry analysis demonstrated that the tumor was metastatic breast cancer. Indeterminate stenosis of the extrahepatic bile ducts should be examined with suspicion in women with a history of breast cancer, and bile duct metastases are to be considered among the possible diagnoses. A differential diagnosis from cholangiocarcinoma is of paramount importance and mainly relies on pathology.
    World Journal of Surgical Oncology 12/2014; 12(1):384.
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    ABSTRACT: Three sporadic, synchronous, and separate lesions in the ampulla of Vater and the head of the pancreas presented in an 81-year-old male. One was symptomatic and two were incidental. One was detected preoperatively (the ampullary lesion) and two by examination of the resected specimen (the neuroendocrine and pancreatic carcinomas). The case is summarized and the literature and the issue of commonality are reviewed.
    World Journal of Surgical Oncology 12/2014; 12(1):382.
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    ABSTRACT: Motor neuron disease (MND) is occasionally aggravated by chronic infection. A misdiagnosed case of tuberculosis with MND is illustrated in a 45-year-old woman who underwent successful VATS wedge excision, which is presented herein. MND in an adult is a rare clinical entity. In order to facilitate the preoperative diagnosis and avoid the misdiagnosis of this disease, more etiological factors need to be considered.
    World Journal of Surgical Oncology 12/2014; 12(1):381.
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    ABSTRACT: Primary splenic angiosarcoma is an extremely rare and aggressive neoplasm of the vasculature. Uniformly, primary splenic angiosarcoma is a fatal disease despite early diagnosis and treatment. Only patients with localized disease amenable to surgical resection achieve long-term, disease-free survival. We present a review of the literature and report a case of a 3-year-old girl with metastatic primary splenic angiosarcoma who was offered aggressive surgical and medical treatment with curative intent despite her advanced presentation.
    World Journal of Surgical Oncology 12/2014; 12(1):379.
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    ABSTRACT: Because of long-term use for chemotherapy and fluid administration in cancer patients, a totally implantable venous access port (TIVAP) has been advised as a feasible catheter. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of ultrasound (US)-guided internal jugular vein (IJV) puncture for TIVAP implantation in patients with breast cancer. We reviewed the medical records of 492 patients who underwent US-guided IJV puncture for TIVAP implantation at our oncology department between 2010 and 2013. Indications, surgical complications, and early and long-term complications were analyzed. All TIVAPs were implanted successfully. Indications for TIVAP were chemotherapy alone (88 patients), chemoradiotherapy (387 patients), surgery (12 patients), and parenteral nutrition (5 patients). Complications were observed in 65 (13.21%) patients. The median duration of the TIVAP was 359 days (range, 28 to 712 days) without damage to the port or catheter, or leakage of drugs outside of the port system. A TIVAP can be employed for chemotherapy and parenteral nutrition on the implantation day. Using a US-guided IJV puncture to completely implant a TIVAP is feasible and safe in patients with breast cancer.
    World Journal of Surgical Oncology 12/2014; 12(1):378.
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    ABSTRACT: Adrenal tumors are detected incidentally in 4-8% of patients in imaging studies. Adenomas, pheochromocytomas and adrenocortical carcinomas represent the most common tumors of the adrenal glands. Rarely final histopathological reports are surprising.Aim: The aim of our study is a retrospective analysis of selected clinical characteristics and hormonal studies in five cases of rare adrenal tumors.Material and method: We present five interesting cases of adrenal tumors: two medullary hyperplasia, one adenomatoid tumor, one hydatid cyst and primary angiosarcoma of the adrenal gland. The final diagnosis was established by means of microscopic examination of the specimens. The number of adrenal tumors was increased due to widespread use of imaging procedures. In patients without any known extra-adrenal malignancy most lesions are benign, non hyper functioning adenomas. Adrenal tumors should be evaluated biochemically and radiologically.
    World Journal of Surgical Oncology 12/2014; 12(1):377.
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    ABSTRACT: Anastomotic bleeding is rare but is one of the dangerous complications, with associated morbidity and mortality, at the early stage of rectal cancer surgery. The aim of this study was to report our experiences in the treatment of this emergency condition. We retrospectively analyzed the general characteristics, treatment and outcome of patients with severe anastomotic bleeding after undergoing rectal cancer resection with stapled anastomosis at the Department of Colorectal Surgery of Changhai Hospital (China) between January 2011 and December 2013. Anastomotic bleeding occurred in six out of 2,181 patients (0.3%) who underwent anterior resection with stapled anastomosis due to rectal cancer. All patients' bleeding was stopped with colonoscopic techniques. There were no anastomotic leakages or strictures in these six patients. Anastomotic bleeding was a very rare complication after rectal cancer resection with stapled anastomosis. Colonoscopic treatment, including electrocoagulation and clipping, were both safely and effectively used in the early postoperative period to cease persistent anastomotic bleeding.
    World Journal of Surgical Oncology 12/2014; 12(1):376.
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    ABSTRACT: The nature of the relationship between Helicobacter pylori and reflux esophagitis (RE) is not fully understood. In addition, the effect of H. pylori eradication on RE and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is unclear. This study was designed to investigate the relationship between H. pylori infection and the grade of GERD in patients with reflux symptoms. Between January 2010 and July 2013, 184 consecutive patients with daily reflux symptoms for at least one year were evaluated at the ambulatory for functional esophageal disease, Tor Vergata University Hospital, Rome, Italy. All patients underwent a pretreatment evaluation, which included anamnesis, clinical examination, Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGDS) with biopsy, esophageal manometry and 24-hour pH-metry. All statistical elaborations were obtained using Statigraphies 5 plus for Window XP. There was no statistical difference regarding Lower Esophageal Sphincter (LES) pressure between patients who were H. pylori-positive and H. Pylori-negative (19.2 +/- 9.5 (range: 3.7 to 46.2) and 19.7 +/- 11.0 (range: 2.6 to 61), respectively). Further, no significant difference was evidenced in esophageal wave length (mean value: 3.1 seconds in H. pylori-negative patients versus 3.2 seconds in H. pylori-positive patients) or in esophageal wave height (mean value: 72.2 +/- 39.3 in H. pylori-negative patients versus 67.7 +/- 28.4 in H. pylori-positive patients). We observed that hiatal hernia (P = 0.01), LES opening (P = 0.05), esophageal wave length (P = 0.01) and pathological reflux number (P = 0.05) were significantly related to the presence of esophagitis. However, H. pylori infection was not significantly related to the presence of reflux esophagitis. Our clinical, endoscopic, manometric and pH-metric data shows no significant role of H. pylori infection in the development of GERD or in the pathogenesis of reflux esophagitis. However, current data do not provide sufficient evidence to define this relationship and further prospective large studies are needed.
    World Journal of Surgical Oncology 12/2014; 12(1):375.
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    ABSTRACT: Primary primitive neuroectodermal tumors (PNETs) are extremely rare in the lung and especially in adult women. We describe a case of PNET of the lung with aggressive behavior in 31-year-old woman. Diagnosis was based on histopathological and immunohistochemical studies, and confirmed by molecular genetic analysis of chromosome rearrangements in the EWSR1 gene region. Clinical follow-up, post-mortem findings, and differential diagnosis are also discussed.
    World Journal of Surgical Oncology 12/2014; 12(1):374.
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    ABSTRACT: DJ-1 is a key regulator in human tumorigenesis, including brain malignancies. The mechanisms by which DJ-1 contributes to the pathogenesis of medulloblastoma (MB) remain unclear, and its impact on the prognosis for patients with MB has not been identified. The aim of this study was to determine whether the DJ-1 protein is associated with tumorigenesis of MBs, and whether DJ-1 is a valuable factor for predicting the prognosis of patients with MB. We collected 66 pairs of MB and adjacent normal cerebellum samples. Expression of DJ-1, Ser 473-phosphorylated-Akt (p-Akt), PTEN, and Ki-67 (MIB-1) was detected by immunohistochemical staining, and the correlation of these immunostaining results with the clinicopathological features of patients with MB was determined. High DJ-1 expression (48.5%, 32/66) in tumor cells of MBs was significantly associated with the classic MB variant (P = 0.003), high proliferative activity (P = 0.002) and undifferentiated tumor (P = 0.001), whereas high p-Akt expression (56.1%, 37/66) was associated with tumor metastasis stage (P = 0.007), undifferentiated tumor (P = 0.007), and high-risk tumor (P = 0.002). High DJ-1 expression also correlated with high p-Akt expression and high MIB-1 index. However, only high levels of DJ-1(P = 0.009) and high MIB-1 index (P = 0.001) were strong independent prognostic factors associated with worse overall survival. Although the validity of the preliminary data in this study needs to be confirmed by a larger number of cases, our study indicates that DJ-1, PTEN, and p-Akt might play important roles in cell proliferation and differentiation of MBs. The evaluation of expression of DJ-1 and related proteins might be useful for predicting the prognosis of patients with MB.
    World Journal of Surgical Oncology 12/2014; 12(1):373.
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    ABSTRACT: We aimed to find different proteins between dendritic cells (DCs) and tumor antigen-pulsed DCs to help find a new biomarker for endometrial cancer (EC). Mononuclear cells were isolated from cord blood and induced to DCs by cytokines. A comparative proteomic analysis was performed on DCs and tumor lysate-pulsed DCs by liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). Differential proteins were identified by Western blot analysis. The expression of Ras-related protein Rab-8A (RAB8A) was found to be different in the in two kinds of cells. This phenomenon was also proven in endometrial cancer tissues. RAB8A might be a new biomarker for endometrial cancer. Using LC-MS/MS to perform a comparative proteomic analysis about DCs and tumor lysate-pulsed DCs may help us to find new biomarker of cancer.
    World Journal of Surgical Oncology 12/2014; 12(1):371.
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    ABSTRACT: Laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy is rarely performed, and it has not been particularly successful due to its technical complexity. The objective of this study is to highlight how robotic surgery could improve a minimally invasive approach and to expose the usefulness of robotic surgery even in complex surgical procedures. The surgical technique employed in our center to perform a pancreaticoduodenectomy, which was by means of the da VinciTM robotic system in order to remove a duodenal gastrointestinal stromal tumor, is reported. Robotic technology has improved significantly over the traditional laparoscopic approach, representing an evolution of minimally invasive techniques, allowing procedures to be safely performed that are still considered to be scarcely feasible or reproducible.
    World Journal of Surgical Oncology 12/2014; 12(1):372.
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    ABSTRACT: The potential of secretory leukocyte protease inhibitor (SLPI) as a biomarker for colorectal cancer was studied. A prospective, randomized, controlled, clinical trial was conducted in 2013 and 2014 to confirm whether the expression of SLPI correlates with prognosis and metastasis in colorectal cancer patients. Immunohistochemistry was used to detect SLPI expression in colorectal cancer. The expression of SLPI was scored by two pathologists independently. Statistical analysis of the data was performed using a chi2 test to investigate the influence of SLPI on the pathologic characteristics of colorectal cancer. Compared with normal tissue, SLPI was overexpressed in colorectal cancer tissue. Overexpression of SLPI correlated with different grades (moderate or good differentiation: 2.7% low expression versus 97.3% high expression, low differentiation: 41.7% low expression versus 58.3% high expression), TNM stage (I or II: 4.2% low expression versus 95.8% high expression; III or IV: 19.7% low expression versus 80.3% high expression), lymphatic metastasis (18.6% low expression versus 81.4% high expression) and distal metastasis (86.5% low expression versus 13.5% high expression), but not with patient age or sex (P = 0.613, P = 0.871). Upregulated SLPI correlates with aggressive pathologic characteristics of colorectal cancer; SLPI could be used as an indicator of progression and metastasis in patients with colorectal cancer.
    World Journal of Surgical Oncology 12/2014; 12(1):369.