European journal of cancer prevention: the official journal of the European Cancer Prevention Organisation (ECP)

Publisher: European Cancer Prevention Organisation, Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins

Description

  • Impact factor
    2.21
  • 5-year impact
    0.00
  • Cited half-life
    6.80
  • Immediacy index
    0.30
  • Eigenfactor
    0.00
  • Article influence
    0.61
  • Other titles
    European journal of cancer prevention (Online), European journal of cancer prevention
  • ISSN
    1473-5709
  • OCLC
    362263375
  • Material type
    Periodical, Internet resource
  • Document type
    Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author cannot archive a post-print version
  • Restrictions
    • 12 months embargo
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    • Pre-print must be removed upon acceptance for publication
    • Post-print may be deposited in personal website, university's institutional repository or employers intranet
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Must include statement that it is not the final published version
    • Published source must be acknowledged with full citation
    • Must link to publisher version
    • NIH, Wellcome Trust and HHMI authors will have their accepted manuscripts transmitted to PubMed Central on their behalf (see policy for details)
  • Classification
    ​ yellow

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Establishment of an efficient rat model for colitis-associated colon carcinogenesis is critical for evaluation of the potency of cancer-preventive agents on carcinogenesis. In the present study, we examined whether the Kyoto Apc Delta (KAD) rat, a novel adenomatous polyposis coli mutant rat strain, is useful for detection of potential chemopreventive agents when this rat is used for azoxymethane (AOM) plus dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis-associated colon carcinogenesis with well-known cancer chemopreventive agents, such as celecoxib and (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG). Male KAD rats were administered a single subcutaneous injection of AOM (20 mg/kg body weight) at 5 weeks of age and 2% DSS in their drinking water for subsequent 7 days starting at 1 week after the AOM injection. The rats were also treated with either celecoxib (500 ppm in the diet) or EGCG (0.1% in their drinking water), and the effects of these agents on the development of colonic tumors were examined. At sacrifice (19 weeks of age), treatment with both celecoxib (74% inhibition, P<0.01) and EGCG (71% inhibition, P<0.05) significantly inhibited the development of colitis-associated colon tumors. Serum levels of oxidative stress products, which were increased by AOM/DSS treatment, were decreased by celecoxib and EGCG. Administration of these agents moreover lowered the serum levels of inflammatory mediators, including tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin-6, cyclooxygenase-2, and inducible nitric oxide synthase, in the AOM/DSS-treated KAD rats. These findings suggest that this AOM/DSS-induced colon carcinogenesis model using KAD rats may be useful for evaluation of the efficacy of cancer-preventive agents.
    European journal of cancer prevention: the official journal of the European Cancer Prevention Organisation (ECP) 09/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Fecal immunochemical tests (FITs) are recommended to screen average-risk adults for colorectal cancer (CRC). Little research has examined whether a two-sample FIT affects participant uptake, compared with a one-sample FIT. Examining participant uptake is important, as evidence suggests that a two-sample FIT may increase the sensitivity to detect CRC.
    European journal of cancer prevention: the official journal of the European Cancer Prevention Organisation (ECP) 09/2014;
  • European journal of cancer prevention: the official journal of the European Cancer Prevention Organisation (ECP) 09/2014; 23(5):492-4.
  • European journal of cancer prevention: the official journal of the European Cancer Prevention Organisation (ECP) 09/2014; 23(5):491-2.
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    ABSTRACT: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the third most common type of cancer worldwide, causing over 370 000 deaths per year, with approximately half of them in China. Chemotherapy is the optimal treatment for patients with advanced HCC, although chemoresistance has become a significant obstacle to successful liver cancer surgery. In this paper, we have assessed the characteristics of drugs to explore the effects of individual and combined action of organic silicone quaternary ammonium salt (Jieyoushen) and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU). The results of MTT assays showed that single and combined action of Jieyoushen and 5-FU can inhibit the proliferation of liver carcinoma cell lines in a dose-dependent and time-dependent manner, respectively. Electron microscopy and Hoechst 33342 staining showed characteristic apoptotic bodies in apoptotic cells treated with Jieyoushen and 5-FU. Flow cytometry results indicated that the percentage of cells at G0/G1 phase gradually increased, whereas it gradually decreased during the S phase after treatment. Taken together, these results suggest that the combination of Jieyoushen with 5-FU exerts a synergistic anticancer effect on HCC growth and that targeted therapeutic strategies may improve HCC sensitivity to chemotherapy.
    European journal of cancer prevention: the official journal of the European Cancer Prevention Organisation (ECP) 09/2014; 23(5):372-84.
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to explore the effects and underlying mechanism of estrogen-related receptor γ (ERRγ) on the proliferation of endometrial carcinoma cells. Ishikawa cells, human endometrial cancer cells, were treated with estrogen. Immunofluorescence was used to observe the expression of ERRγ. Stable transfection with the plasmid containing ERRγ shRNA was carried out to knock down the expression of ERRγ in Ishikawa cells. MTT assays were performed to analyze the proliferation of Ishikawa cells. The activation of extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase (ERK)1/2 and activated protein kinase B (AKT) signaling pathways was identified using specific phosphorylated antibodies against ERK1/2 and AKT. PD98059, a MEK inhibitor, and LY294002, a PI3K inhibitor, were used in the inhibition experiments. ERRγ could translocate from the cytoplasm to the nucleus in Ishikawa cells after exposure to estrogen. Knockdown of ERRγ inhibited estrogen-induced proliferation of Ishikawa cells. More interestingly, knockdown of ERRγ abolished the activation of ERK1/2 and AKT in the Ishikawa cells treated with estrogen. Inhibition of AKT in Ishikawa cells with LY294002 resulted in a significant reduction in the levels of phospho-ERK1/2, whereas inhibition of ERK1/2 with PD98059 exerted no effects on AKT activation. Our data showed that ERRγ mediated the effects of estrogen on the proliferation of endometrial cancer cells through the activation AKT and ERK1/2 signaling pathways, which indicated that ERRγ plays a key role in endometrial cancer.
    European journal of cancer prevention: the official journal of the European Cancer Prevention Organisation (ECP) 09/2014; 23(5):418-24.
  • European journal of cancer prevention: the official journal of the European Cancer Prevention Organisation (ECP) 09/2014; 23(5):494-6.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A causal link between alcohol consumption and colorectal cancer (CRC) was established only recently by the International Agency for Research on Cancer. However, the quantitative association between alcohol drinking and CRC mortality is still an open question. We performed a systemic review and meta-analysis on epidemiological studies to quantify the risk for CRC mortality at different levels of alcohol consumption. A literature search was carried out in PubMed and Web of Science to identify all relevant studies published from January 1966 to June 2013. The pooled relative risk (RR) and the corresponding 95% confidence interval (CI) were estimated by categorical meta-analysis. A dose-risk relation was also analyzed. Nine cohort studies exploring the association between CRC mortality and alcohol drinking were identified. Compared with non/occasional drinkers, the pooled RR was 1.03 (95% CI, 0.93-1.15) for any, 0.97 (95% CI, 0.86-1.10) for light (≤12.5 g/day of ethanol), 1.04 (95% CI, 0.94-1.16) for moderate (12.6-49.9 g/day of ethanol), and 1.21 (1.01-1.46) for heavy drinkers (≥50 g/day of ethanol). For heavy drinkers, the pooled estimate was apparently higher for men (RR=1.28; 95% CI, 1.13-1.46) than for women (RR=0.79; 95% CI, 0.40-1.54; Pheterogeneity=0.007). The dose-response analysis showed a J-shaped relationship between alcohol consumption and CRC mortality. The present meta-analysis provides the evidence for an association between heavy alcohol drinking (≥50 g/day of ethanol) and CRC mortality.
    European journal of cancer prevention: the official journal of the European Cancer Prevention Organisation (ECP) 08/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This research was carried out to evaluate the chemopreventive effects of different doses of metformin treatment for 6 months on rectal aberrant crypt foci (ACF) in patients with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT). A total of 120 Chinese patients with IGT were enrolled and assigned randomly to a low-dose metformin group (n=30, metformin at 250 mg/day), a middle-dose metformin group (n=30, metformin at 500 mg/day), a high-dose metformin group (n=30, metformin at 1500 mg/day), and a control (untreated with metformin) group (n=30). Each participant was followed for 6 months by protocol, and the number of ACF per patient in the above four groups was examined by magnifying colonoscopy before, and after 3 and 6 months of, treatment. The mean ACF numbers in both the middle-dose and the high-dose metformin groups were significantly decreased at 3 as well as 6 months of treatment, whereas they did not change in the low-dose metformin and the untreated groups. In the high-dose metformin group, BMI, waist circumference, fasting plasma glucose, homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance index, and 2-h plasma glucose were significantly decreased. However, no such change was observed in the middle-dose metformin group. Changes in the ACF number correlated positively with changes in the homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance (r=0.273, P=0.013), BMI (r=0.241, P=0.042), and 2-h plasma glucose (r=0.252, P=0.037), respectively, in the high-dose metformin group, but no such correlation was observed in the middle-dose metformin group. Metformin suppressed ACF formation in IGT patients in a dose-dependent manner, possibly through direct and indirect (attenuating insulin resistance) mechanisms.
    European journal of cancer prevention: the official journal of the European Cancer Prevention Organisation (ECP) 08/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The International Agency for Research on Cancer concluded that alcohol consumption was positively related to colorectal cancer. However, the association between alcohol consumption and colorectal adenoma (CRA), the established precancerous lesion of colorectal cancer, remains unclear. We identified studies from a literature search of MEDLINE, EMBASE, and ISI Web of Science through 31 October 2013, and by searching reference lists of pertinent articles. Summary relative risks with 95% confidence intervals were calculated using a random-effects model. A total of 30 studies with 26 145 incident CRA cases were included. Overall, an increase of 25 g (two drinks) per day of alcohol consumption was related to an increased risk of CRA (summary relative risk=1.27, 95% confidence interval: 1.17-1.37). There was considerable heterogeneity between studies not explained by study design, sex, geographic location, publication year, site or size of the lesions, type of adenoma, number of cases, endoscopic assessment, or adjustment for main confounders. The positive association was evident for both men and women and for colonic adenoma, but not for rectal adenoma. Increased alcohol consumption is associated with an increased risk of CRA for both men and women and for adenoma in the colon, but not in the rectum.
    European journal of cancer prevention: the official journal of the European Cancer Prevention Organisation (ECP) 08/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: In 2009, esophageal cancer was recorded as the fifth most commonly diagnosed cancer and the fourth leading cause of cancer-related death in China. Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) accounts for more than 90% of esophageal cancers. Genetic factors might play an important role in the carcinogenesis of ESCC. We conducted a hospital-based case-control study to evaluate the association between methyl-CpG binding domain 4 (MBD4) rs3138373 A>G, rs2005618 T>C, and rs3138355 G>A tag single nucleotide polymorphisms and the risk of developing ESCC. A total of 629 ESCC patients and 686 controls were recruited. Genotypes were determined using the ligation detection reaction method. When the MBD4 rs3138355 GG homozygous genotype was used as the reference group, the GA, AA, and GA/AA genotypes were not associated with ESCC risk. In the recessive model, when the MBD4 rs3138355 GG/GA genotypes were used as the reference group, the AA homozygous genotype was associated with a 28% decreased risk for ESCC (AA vs.
    European journal of cancer prevention: the official journal of the European Cancer Prevention Organisation (ECP) 08/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Childhood leukemia etiology, and mainly the interactions of genetic and environmental risk factors, remains largely unexplored. This national hospital-based case-control study was carried out in Brazil among children aged 0-23 months who were recruited at cancer and general hospitals in 13 states. Maternal medicine intake during pregnancy, including analgesic intake, was assessed by face-to-face interviews with the mothers of 231 leukemia patients and 411 controls. Unconditional logistic regression was used to ascertain crude and adjusted odds ratios (ORs), and their 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for the association between maternal analgesic use during pregnancy and early age leukemia. Acetaminophen use during the first trimester of pregnancy showed an OR=0.39 (95% CI 0.17-0.93) for acute lymphocytic leukemia and an OR=0.37 (95% CI 0.16-0.88) for use in the second trimester. For acute myeloid leukemia, an OR=0.11 (95% CI 0.02-0.97) was found following acetaminophen use in the second trimester. For acute lymphocytic leukemia, the exclusive use of dipyrone during preconception showed an OR=1.63 (95% CI 1.06-2.53) and dipyrone intake during lactation showed an OR=2.00 (95% CI 1.18-3.39). These results suggest that acetaminophen use during pregnancy may protect against development of early age leukemia in the offspring, whereas dipyrone use may act as a risk factor for such an outcome.
    European journal of cancer prevention: the official journal of the European Cancer Prevention Organisation (ECP) 08/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Although radon exposure (RE) has been confirmed to increase the risk of lung cancer (LC), questions remain about the shape of the dose-response relationship between RE and the risk of LC. We carried out a dose-response meta-analysis to investigate and quantify the potential dose-response association between residential and occupational exposure to radon and the risk of LC. All cohort and case-control studies published in English and Chinese on Embase, PubMed, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) digital databases through November 2013 were identified systematically. We extracted effect measures (relative risk, odds ratio, standardized mortality ratio, standardized incidence ratio, or standardized rate ratio) from individual studies to generate pooled results using meta-analysis approaches. We derived meta-analytic estimates using random-effects models taking into account the correlation between estimates. Restricted cubic splines and generalized least-squares regression methods were used to model a potential curvilinear relationship and to carry out a dose-response meta-analysis. Stratified analysis, sensitivity analysis, and assessment of bias were performed in our meta-analysis. Sixty publications fulfilling the inclusion criteria for this meta-analysis were finally included. Occupational RE was associated with LC [risk ratio 1.86, 95% confidence interval (CI)=1.67-2.09; I=92.2%; 27 prospective studies], for pooled risk estimate of the: standardized mortality ratio [2.00 (95% CI=1.82-2.32)]; standardized incidence ratio [1.45 (95% CI=1.20-1.74)]; relative risk [2.10 (95% CI=1.64-2.69)]. In a subgroup analysis of uranium miners and residents exposed to occupational uranium, the summary risk was 2.23 (95% CI=1.86-2.68) and 1.23 (95% CI=1.05-1.44). The overall meta-analysis showed evidence of a nonlinear association between RE and the risk of LC (Pnonlinearity<0.014); in addition, the point value of residential radon also improved the results quantitatively, where odds ratios were 1.11 (95% CI=1.07-1.15) and 1.21 (95% CI=1.14-1.29) when the radon concentration was at the point of 100 and 200 Bq/m compared with the lowest. For 17 prospective studies with at least three categories of occupational cumulative radon dose, the dose-risk model estimated a risk ratio of 1.26 (95% CI=1.21-1.30) for 100 working level months and 1.51 (95% CI=1.38-1.65) for 200 working level months, respectively. The assessment of risk of bias within individual studies and across studies indicated risk that was unlikely to alter these results markedly. This meta-analysis shows a nonlinear dose-response association between environmental RE and the risk of LC. This increased risk is particularly apparent when the cumulative exposure to radon is well beyond that resulting from exposure to the recommended limit concentration for a prolonged period of time.
    European journal of cancer prevention: the official journal of the European Cancer Prevention Organisation (ECP) 08/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination has been reimbursed in Belgium since 2007 for girls (12-15 years), extended to girls up to 18 years in 2008. This study assesses the trend of HPV 16/18 infections in women less than 25 years of age participating in opportunistic cervical cancer screening. A significant reduction in the prevalence of HPV 16 [relative risk (RR)=0.61, 95% confidence interval=0.39-0.95] and a nonsignificant reduction in HPV 18 (RR=0.65, 95% confidence interval=0.29-1.48) was found in the youngest group (15-19 years). The prevalences in the older age group did not change significantly. These findings show the early effects of HPV vaccination and confirm the effectiveness of immunization in a real-life setting.
    European journal of cancer prevention: the official journal of the European Cancer Prevention Organisation (ECP) 08/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to assess the impact of the regimen of screening on the frequency of early diagnosis and resection in two computed tomography screening programs. The stage and size distribution of all screen-diagnosed lung cancers was compared. A total of 775 patients in the International Early Lung Cancer Action Program (I-ELCAP) and 664 patients in the National Lung Screening Trial (NLST) were screen-diagnosed; that is, resulting from a positive result requiring further diagnostic workup. The frequency of stage I diagnoses, resections, tumor size, and lung cancer-specific survival were determined. Cox regression was used to identify the key determinants of lung cancer cure. The frequency of clinical stage I lung cancer in I-ELCAP was 82%, and in the NLST it was 67% (P<0.0001). The frequency of stage I (pathologic and clinical if not resected) was 78% in I-ELCAP and 62% in the NLST (P<0.0001). Surgical resection was performed in 86% (664/755) in I-ELCAP and 76% (492/644, P<0.0001) in the NLST. The average tumor size was 17 mm in I-ELCAP and 23 mm in the NLST (P<0.0001). The 5-year survival rate was 83% in I-ELCAP and 62% in the NLST (P<0.0001). Cox regression showed that I-ELCAP provided a 50% better survival benefit than the NLST and that stage I and resection were key determinants of survival, independent of age, smoking history, and tumor size. The higher frequency of stage I disease and resection and smaller tumor size resulted in a significantly higher survival rate in I-ELCAP than in the NLST. These differences strongly support the importance of a specified regimen of screening, as alternative explanations have been addressed.
    European journal of cancer prevention: the official journal of the European Cancer Prevention Organisation (ECP) 08/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Fat consumption has been hypothesized to influence pancreatic cancer risk, but the results of epidemiologic studies have been controversial. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of case-control and cohort studies to investigate this issue. Relevant published studies were identified by searching MEDLINE (PubMed) through February 2014. Two authors (Q.-W.S. and Q.-Y.Y.) independently assessed eligibility and the extracted data. Study-specific relative risks (RRs) were pooled using a random-effects model. We also carried out heterogeneity and publication bias analyses. Six cohort and 13 case-control studies with 6159 pancreatic cancer cases and 1 068 476 noncases were included in this meta-analysis. The summary RR for pancreatic cancer for the highest versus lowest intake was 1.04 [95% confidence interval (CI)=0.90-1.20, I=57.3%, P for heterogeneity=0.001] for total fat. In addition, when separately analyzed by study design, case-control (RR=1.03, 95% CI=0.83-1.27, I=55.8%, P for heterogeneity=0.007) and cohort studies (RR=1.05, 95% CI=0.85-1.29, I=66.7%, P for heterogeneity=0.010) yielded similar results. Furthermore, no statistically significant associations were observed in the subgroup analyses on the basis of fat source, geographic location, whether using energy-adjusted models, and whether adjusted for several potential confounders and important risk factors. There was no evidence of publication bias or significant heterogeneity between subgroups on meta-regression analyses. The results of this meta-analysis do not support an independent association between diets high in total fat and pancreatic cancer risk.
    European journal of cancer prevention: the official journal of the European Cancer Prevention Organisation (ECP) 08/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to review the literature for malignant melanoma, basal and squamous cell carcinomas to understand: (a) national estimates of the direct health system costs of skin cancer and (b) the cost-effectiveness of interventions for skin cancer prevention or early detection. A systematic review was performed using Medline, Cochrane Library and the National Health Service Economic Evaluation Databases as well as a manual search of reference lists to identify relevant studies up to 31 August 2013. A narrative synthesis approach was used to summarize the data. National cost estimates were adjusted for country-specific inflation and presented in 2013 euros. The CHEERS statement was used to assess the quality of the economic evaluation studies. Sixteen studies reporting national estimates of skin cancer costs and 11 cost-effectiveness studies on skin cancer prevention or early detection were identified. Relative to the size of their respective populations, the annual direct health system costs for skin cancer were highest for Australia, New Zealand, Sweden and Denmark (2013 euros). Skin cancer prevention initiatives are highly cost-effective and may also be cost-saving. Melanoma early detection programmes aimed at high-risk individuals may also be cost-effective; however, updated analyses are needed. There is a significant cost burden of skin cancer for many countries and health expenditure for this disease will grow as incidence increases. Public investment in skin cancer prevention and early detection programmes show strong potential for health and economic benefits.
    European journal of cancer prevention: the official journal of the European Cancer Prevention Organisation (ECP) 08/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Epidemiologic studies have previously reported an association between high fat intake and colon cancer risk. However, findings have generally been inconclusive. This study aimed to investigate the association between fat as a percentage of energy intake and colon cancer risk. Study subjects included 215 cases and 215 matched controls identified by the Defense Medical Surveillance System. Percentage energy from fat (Pfat) was estimated using a short dietary screener developed by the National Cancer Institute for two time periods: the year before the first blood draw and the year before colon cancer diagnosis. Conditional logistic regression analysis was used to assess the relationship between colon cancer risk and Pfat. Odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated. Compared with the lowest quartile of Pfat, the adjusted odds of having colon cancer were 2.00 (95% CI 0.96-4.18), 2.83 (95% CI 1.41-5.66), and 3.37 (95% CI 1.58-7.17), respectively, for the second, third, and highest quartiles in the year before cancer diagnosis. Similar results were observed for Pfat at an earlier time point. Our findings suggest a positive association between Pfat and colon cancer in the US military population.
    European journal of cancer prevention: the official journal of the European Cancer Prevention Organisation (ECP) 07/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to analyse the effect of smoking on prostate cancer-specific mortality and all-cause mortality. A retrospective cohort study was conducted with 1109 patients with prostate cancer diagnosed from 1992 to 2008, identified through the Hospital del Mar Cancer Registry (Barcelona, Spain). Information on smoking habits was retrieved from clinical records and patients were classified into three categories: never smoker, exsmoker and current smoker. Patients were followed up until December 2011. Survival curves were plotted using Kaplan-Meier methods. Cox models were used to estimate hazard ratios and 95% confidence intervals. Median age at diagnosis was 70.6 years and 16.7% of patients had stage IV tumours. During the follow-up period, 466 deaths occurred, 36.1% of them being specifically due to prostate cancer. The median follow-up time of the censored patients was 5.8 years. There was a significant difference in disease-specific survival between never smokers, exsmokers and current smokers (P=0.0001). Current smokers presented a worse 5-year survival rate (82.9%) compared with exsmokers (88.9%) and never smokers (89.6%). In the multivariate analysis, after adjusting for age, disease stage, Gleason score and prostate-specific antigen, the hazard ratio for smokers was 1.80 (95% confidence interval: 1.04-3.13) compared with never smokers. In the exsmokers group the risk for prostate cancer-specific mortality was very similar to that of never smokers. However, the statistical difference disappeared when we stratified by stage (I-III and IV). In conclusion, smoking was identified as an independent and negative prognostic factor for prostate cancer-specific and all-cause mortality. These findings suggest that smoking-cessation programmes could be beneficial for prostate cancer patients.
    European journal of cancer prevention: the official journal of the European Cancer Prevention Organisation (ECP) 07/2014;

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