AIDS (London, England) (AIDS)

Publisher: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins

Journal description

Current impact factor: 6.56

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2015
2013 / 2014 Impact Factor 6.557
2012 Impact Factor 6.407
2011 Impact Factor 6.245
2010 Impact Factor 6.348
2009 Impact Factor 4.909
2008 Impact Factor 5.46
2007 Impact Factor 5.842
2006 Impact Factor 5.632
2005 Impact Factor 5.835
2004 Impact Factor 5.893
2003 Impact Factor 5.521
2002 Impact Factor 5.983
2001 Impact Factor 6.881
2000 Impact Factor 8.018
1999 Impact Factor 6.931
1998 Impact Factor 6.109
1997 Impact Factor 5.05

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 0.00
Cited half-life 6.00
Immediacy index 1.15
Eigenfactor 0.07
Article influence 1.83
Other titles AIDS (London, England: Online)
ISSN 1473-5571
OCLC 225537630
Material type Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
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  • Restrictions
    • 12 months embargo
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    • Post-print may be deposited in personal website or institutional repository
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Must include statement that it is not the final published version
    • Published source must be acknowledged with full citation
    • Set statement to accompany deposit
    • Must link to publisher version
    • NIH authors will have their accepted manuscripts transmitted to PubMed Central on their behalf after a 12 months embargo (see policy for details)
    • Wellcome Trust and HHMI authors will have their accepted manuscripts transmitted to PubMed Central on their behalf after a 6 months embargo (see policy for details)
    • Publisher last reviewed on 19/03/2015
  • Classification
    ​ yellow

Publications in this journal

  • Nienke Vrisekoop, Julia Drylewicz, Rogier Van Gent, Tendai Mugwagwa, Steven Van Lelyveld, Ellen Veel, Sigrid A Otto, Mariëtte T Ackermans, Joost N Vermeulen, Hidde H Huidekoper, Jan M Prins, Frank Miedema, Rob J de Boer, Kiki Tesselaar, José A M Borghans
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    ABSTRACT: In HIV infection, the homeostasis of CD4 and CD8 T cells is dramatically disturbed, and several studies have pointed out that T-cell turnover rates are increased. To understand how the CD4 and CD8 T-cell pools are affected, it is important to have quantitative insights into the lifespans of the cells constituting the different T-lymphocyte populations. We used long-term in-vivo H2O labeling and mathematical modeling to estimate the average lifespans of naive and memory CD4 and CD8 T cells in untreated (n = 4) and combination antiretroviral therapy-treated (n = 3) HIV-1-infected individuals. During untreated chronic HIV-1 infection, naive CD4 and CD8 T cells lived on average 618 and 271 days, whereas memory CD4 and CD8 T cells had average lifespans of 53 and 43 days, respectively. These lifespans were at least three-fold shorter than those in healthy controls (n = 5). In patients on effective combination antiretroviral therapy with total CD4 T-cell counts in the normal range, we found that naive CD4 and CD8 T-cell lifespans had not completely normalized and were still two-fold shortened. The average lifespan of both naive and memory CD4 and CD8 T cells decreased during untreated chronic HIV-1 infection. Although the turnover of the memory T-cell populations nearly normalized during effective treatment, the turnover of naive CD4 and CD8 T cells did not seem to normalize completely.
    AIDS (London, England) 07/2015; DOI:10.1097/QAD.0000000000000822
  • Sheri D Weiser, Elizabeth A Bukusi, Rachel L Steinfeld, Edward A Frongillo, Elly Weke, Shari L Dworkin, Kyle Pusateri, Stephen Shiboski, Kate Scow, Lisa M Butler, Craig R Cohen
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    ABSTRACT: Food insecurity and HIV/AIDS outcomes are inextricably linked in sub-Saharan Africa. We report on health and nutritional outcomes of a multisectoral agricultural intervention trial among HIV-infected adults in rural Kenya. This is a pilot cluster randomized controlled trial. The intervention included a human-powered water pump, a microfinance loan to purchase farm commodities, and education in sustainable farming practices and financial management. Two health facilities in Nyanza Region, Kenya were randomly assigned as intervention or control. HIV-infected adults 18 to 49 years' old who were on antiretroviral therapy and had access to surface water and land were enrolled beginning in April 2012 and followed quarterly for 1 year. Data were collected on nutritional parameters, CD4 T-lymphocyte counts, and HIV RNA. Differences in fixed-effects regression models were used to test whether patterns in health outcomes differed over time from baseline between the intervention and control arms. We enrolled 72 and 68 participants in the intervention and control groups, respectively. At 12 months follow-up, we found a statistically significant increase in CD4 cell counts (165 cells/μl, P < 0.001) and proportion virologically suppressed in the intervention arm compared with the control arm (comparative improvement in proportion of 0.33 suppressed, odds ratio 7.6, 95% confidence interval: 2.2-26.8). Intervention participants experienced significant improvements in food security (3.6 scale points higher, P < 0.001) and frequency of food consumption (9.4 times per week greater frequency, P = 0.013) compared to controls. Livelihood interventions may be a promising approach to tackle the intersecting problems of food insecurity, poverty and HIV/AIDS morbidity.
    AIDS (London, England) 07/2015; DOI:10.1097/QAD.0000000000000781
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    ABSTRACT: HIV-1 infection of macrophages increases cathepsin B secretion and induces neuronal apoptosis, but the molecular mechanism remains unclear. We identified macrophage-secreted cathepsin B protein interactions extracellularly and their contribution to neuronal death in vitro. Cathepsin B was immunoprecipitated from monocyte-derived macrophage supernatants after 12 days postinfection. The cathepsin B interactome was quantified by label-free tandem mass spectrometry and compared with uninfected supernatants. Proteins identified were validated by western blot. Neurons were exposed to macrophage-conditioned media in presence or absence of antibodies against cathepsin B and interacting proteins. Apoptosis was measured using TUNEL labelling. Immunohistochemistry of postmortem brain tissue samples from healthy, HIV-infected and Alzheimer's disease patients was performed to observe the ex-vivo expression of the proteins identified. Nine proteins co-immunoprecipitated differentially with cathepsin B between uninfected and HIV-infected macrophages. Serum amyloid P component (SAPC)-cathepsin B interaction increased in HIV-infected macrophage supernatants, while matrix metalloprotease 9 (MMP-9)-cathepsin B interaction decreased. Pretreatment of HIV-infected macrophage-conditioned media with antibodies against cathepsin B and SAPC decreased neuronal apoptosis. The addition of MMP-9 antibodies was not protective. SAPC was overexpressed in postmortem brain tissue from HIV-positive neurocognitive impaired patients compared with HIV positive with normal cognition and healthy controls, although MMP-9 expression was similar in all tissues. Inhibiting SAPC-cathepsin B interaction protects against HIV-induced neuronal death and may help to find alternative treatments for HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders.
    AIDS (London, England) 07/2015; DOI:10.1097/QAD.0000000000000823
  • AIDS (London, England) 07/2015; 29(11):1425-1427. DOI:10.1097/QAD.0000000000000744
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    ABSTRACT: Residual immune activation was studied in 51 HIV-infected individuals, 16 with viral load between 1 and 20 copies/ml and 35 with viral load less than 1 copy/ml, and compared with results in 20 healthy blood donors. Higher T-cell activation and IP-10/CXCL10, MIG/CXCL9 and sCD14 plasma levels persisted in both HIV+ groups. The proportion of activated HLA-DR+ CD4 T cells was inversely correlated with the CD4 nadir and the current CD4 cell counts.
    AIDS (London, England) 07/2015; DOI:10.1097/QAD.0000000000000815
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study is to assess nevirapine (NVP) resistance in infants who became infected in the three arms of the Breastfeeding, Antiretrovirals and Nutrition (BAN) study: daily infant NVP prophylaxis, triple maternal antiretrovirals or no extra intervention for 28 weeks of breastfeeding. A prospective cohort study. The latest available plasma or dried blood spot specimen was tested from infants who became HIV-positive between 3 and 48 weeks of age. Population sequencing was used to detect mutations associated with reverse transcriptase inhibitor resistance. Sequences were obtained from 22 out of 25 transmissions in the infant-NVP arm, 23 out of 30 transmissions in the maternal-antiretroviral arm and 33 out of 38 transmissions in the control arm. HIV-infected infants in the infant-NVP arm were significantly more likely to have NVP resistance than infected infants in the other two arms of the trial, especially during breastfeeding through 28 weeks of age (56% in infant-NVP arm vs. 6% in maternal-antiretroviral arm and 11% in control arm, P = 0.004). There was a nonsignificant trend, suggesting that infants with NVP resistance tended to be infected earlier and exposed to NVP while infected for a greater duration than infants without resistance. Infants on NVP prophylaxis during breastfeeding are at a reduced risk of acquiring HIV, but are at an increased risk of NVP resistance if they do become infected. These findings point to the need for frequent HIV testing of infants while on NVP prophylaxis, and for the availability of antiretroviral regimens excluding NVP for treating infants who become infected while on such a prophylactic regimen.
    AIDS (London, England) 07/2015; DOI:10.1097/QAD.0000000000000814
  • AIDS (London, England) 07/2015; 29(11):1421-1422. DOI:10.1097/QAD.0000000000000712
  • AIDS (London, England) 07/2015; 29(11):1424-1425. DOI:10.1097/QAD.0000000000000743
  • AIDS (London, England) 07/2015; 29(11):N7. DOI:10.1097/QAD.0000000000000662
  • AIDS (London, England) 07/2015; 29(11):1422-1424. DOI:10.1097/QAD.0000000000000738
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    ABSTRACT: To assess the impact of exposure to single-dose nevirapine (sdNVP) on virological response in young Ugandan/Zimbabwean children (<3 years) initiating antiretroviral therapy (ART), and to investigate other predictors of response. Observational analysis within the ARROW randomized trial. sdNVP exposure was ascertained by the caregiver's self-report when the child initiated non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI)-based ART. Viral load was assayed retrospectively over a median 4.1 years of follow-up. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to identify independent predictors of viral load below 80 copies/ml, 48 and 144 weeks after ART initiation (backwards elimination, exit P = 0.1). Median (IQR) age at ART initiation was 17 (10-23) months in 78 sdNVP-exposed children vs. 21 (14-27) months in 289 non-exposed children (36 vs. 20% <12 months). At week 48, 49 of 73 (67%) sdNVP-exposed and 154 of 272 (57%) non-exposed children had viral load below 80 copies/ml [adjusted odds ratio (aOR) 2.34 (1.26-4.34), P = 0.007]; 79 and 77% had viral load below 400 copies/ml. Suppression was significantly lower in males (P = 0.009), those with higher pre-ART viral load (P = 0.001), taking syrups (P = 0.05) and with lower self-reported adherence (P = 0.04). At week 144, 55 of 73 (75%) exposed and 188 of 272 (69%) non-exposed children had less than 80 copies/ml [aOR 1.75 (0.93-3.29), P = 0.08]. There was no difference between children with and without previous sdNVP exposure in intermediate/high-level resistance to NRTIs (P > 0.3) or NNRTIs (P > 0.1) (n = 88) at week 144. Given the limited global availability of lopinavir/ritonavir, its significant formulation challenges in young children, and the significant paediatric treatment gap, tablet fixed-dose-combination NVP-based ART remains a good alternative to syrup lopinavir-based ART for children, particularly those over 1 year and even if exposed to sdNVP.This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License 4.0, where it is permissible to download, share and reproduce the work in any medium, provided it is properly cited. The work cannot be used commercially.
    AIDS (London, England) 07/2015; DOI:10.1097/QAD.0000000000000749
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    ABSTRACT: This study compared 12-month CD4 and viral load outcomes in HIV-infected children and adolescents with virological failure, managed with four treatment switch strategies. This observational study included perinatally HIV-infected (PHIV) children in the Pediatric HIV/AIDS Cohort Study (PHACS) and Pediatric AIDS Clinical Trials (PACTG) Protocol 219C. Treatment strategies among children with virologic failure were compared: continue failing combination antiretroviral therapy (cART); switch to new cART; switch to drug-sparing regimen; and discontinue all ART. Mean changes in CD4% and viral load from baseline (time of virologic failure) to 12 months follow-up in each group were evaluated using weighted linear regression models. Virologic failure occurred in 939 out of 2373 (40%) children. At 12 months, children switching to new cART (16%) had a nonsignificant increase in CD4% from baseline, 0.59 percentage points [95% confidence interval (95% CI) -1.01 to 2.19], not different than those who continued failing cART (71%) (-0.64 percentage points, P = 0.15) or switched to a drug-sparing regimen (5%) (1.40 percentage points, P = 0.64). Children discontinuing all ART (7%) experienced significant CD4% decline -3.18 percentage points (95% CI -5.25 to -1.11) compared with those initiating new cART (P = 0.04). All treatment strategies except discontinuing ART yielded significant mean decreases in log10VL by 12 months, the new cART group having the largest drop (-1.15 log10VL). In PHIV children with virologic failure, switching to new cART was associated with the best virological response, while stopping all ART resulted in the worst immunologic and virologic outcomes and should be avoided. Drug-sparing regimens and continuing failing regimens may be considered with careful monitoring.This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License, where it is permissible to download and share the work provided it is properly cited. The work cannot be changed in any way or used commercially.
    AIDS (London, England) 07/2015; DOI:10.1097/QAD.0000000000000809
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    ABSTRACT: HIV-infected people are at increased risk of cancers of infectious origin. We estimated the burden of cancer attributable to infections among HIV-infected people in the United States in 2008. Incidence rates for cancer sites associated with infections were estimated from record linkage between HIV/AIDS registries and cancer registries. Rates were applied to estimates of the population living with diagnosed HIV in the United States in 2008 to obtain the number of incident cancer cases. Site-specific attributable fractions and corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated from infection prevalence among cancer cases. Infection prevalence data were derived from literature review of case series. Of an estimated 6200 incident cancer cases (95% CI 6000-6500), 2500 (95% CI 2400-2700) were attributable to infection (attributable fraction = 40%, 95% CI 39-42). The most important infections were Kaposi sarcoma herpes virus, Epstein-Barr virus, and human papillomavirus, which together were responsible for 2200 new cancer cases (95% CI 2100-2400), mainly Kaposi sarcoma, lymphomas, and ano-genital cancers. The attributable fraction in HIV-infected people was highest in the age group 20-29 years (69%, 95% CI 65-72). MSM were the HIV transmission group with the highest attributable fraction (48%, 95% CI 46-50), due to the high incidence of both Kaposi sarcoma and anal cancer. The very high fraction of cancer attributable to infection in HIV-infected people points to special opportunities to prevent these cancers, that is, avoidance, detection, and early treatment of cancer-associated infections, and universal early detection and uninterrupted treatment of HIV infection to avoid immunosuppression.
    AIDS (London, England) 07/2015; DOI:10.1097/QAD.0000000000000808
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    ABSTRACT: There is limited research investigating the possible mechanisms of how starting combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) at a higher CD4 cell count decreases mortality. This study investigated the association between initiating cART with short-term and long-term achievement of viral suppression; emergence of any drug resistance and of an AIDS-defining illness (ADI); long-term treatment adherence; and all-cause mortality. This retrospective cohort study included 4120 naive patients who initiated cART between 2000 and 2012. Patients were followed until 2013, death or until the last contact date (varied by outcome). The main exposure was the interaction between period of cART initiation (2000-2006 and 2007-2012) and CD4 cell count at cART initiation (<500 versus ≥500 cells/μl). We considered both baseline and longitudinal covariates. We fitted different multivariable models using cross-sectional and longitudinal statistical methods, depending on the outcome. Patients who initiated cART with a CD4 cell count at least 500 cells/μl in 2007-2012 had an increased likelihood of achieving viral suppression at 9 months and of maintaining an adherence level of at least 95% over time, and the lowest probability of developing any resistance and an ADI during follow-up. These patients were not the ones with the highest likelihood of maintaining viral suppression over time, most likely due to viral load blips experienced during the follow-up. The outcomes in this study likely play an important role in explaining the positive impact of early cART initiation on mortality. These results should alleviate some of the concerns clinicians may have when initiating cART in patients with high CD4s as recommended by current treatment guidelines.
    AIDS (London, England) 07/2015; DOI:10.1097/QAD.0000000000000790
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    ABSTRACT: This study determines rates and risk factors associated with hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) and hepatitis B 'e' antigen (HBeAg) seroclearance, two important prognostic indicators during infection with hepatitis B virus (HBV), in a large contemporary cohort of patients coinfected with HIV-HBV. Prospective cohort study of predominately antiretroviral therapy (ART) experienced, coinfected patients. Participants enrolled in the French HIV-HBV Cohort had complete HBV serological battery conducted at inclusion and every yearly visit. Piecewise-exponential survival models were used to determine risk factors associated with seroclearance. A total of 290 patients, of whom 151 (52.1%) were HBeAg positive, had been followed for a median 7.4 years (interquartile range [IQR] = 3.1-8.0). Tenofovir (TDF) containing ART became increasingly more frequent, as rates of undetectable HBV-DNA increased accordingly (at baseline = 39.3%, end of follow-up = 91.0%). In HBeAg-positive patients, 60 of 151 had HBeAg seroclearance (cumulative 46.4% at end of follow-up) after a median 3.0 years (IQR = 2.0-4.9). Overall, 17 of 290 patients had HBsAg seroclearance (cumulative 7.4% at end of follow-up) after a median 4.6 years (IQR = 2.1-7.2). Lower levels of time-averaged cumulative HBV-DNA were significantly associated with both HBeAg and HBsAg seroclearance (P < 0.001 and P = 0.01, respectively). In post hoc analysis among patients initiating TDF, incidence rates of HBeAg seroclearance peaked at year 4 of TDF treatment (13.1/100 person-years), whereas a steep drop in HBsAg seroclearance incidence rates occurred after year 3 (at year 3 = 1.2/100 person-years versus thereafter = 0.6/100 person-years). HBsAg seroclearance and, to a lesser extent, HBeAg seroclearance remain difficult endpoints for patients coinfected with HIV-HBV to achieve. HBV-DNA suppression, associated with effective treatment, is strongly linked to seroclearance, but this mostly occurs within the first years of ART-containing highly potent anti-HBV activity.
    AIDS (London, England) 07/2015; DOI:10.1097/QAD.0000000000000795
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    ABSTRACT: The centrality of quality as a strategy to achieve impact within the U.S. President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) has been widely recognized. However, monitoring program quality remains a challenge for many HIV programs, particularly those in resource-limited settings, where human resource constraints and weaker health systems can pose formidable barriers to data collection and interpretation. We describe the practicalities of monitoring quality at scale within a very large multicountry PEPFAR-funded program, based largely at health facilities. The key elements include the following: supporting national programs and strategies; developing a conceptual framework and programmatic model to define quality and guide the provision of high-quality services; attending to program context, as well as program outcomes; leveraging existing and routinely collected data whenever possible; developing additional indicators for judicious use in targeted, in-depth assessments; providing hands-on support for data collection and use at the facility, sub-national, and national levels; utilizing web-based databases for data entry, analysis, and dissemination; and multidisciplinary support from a large team of clinical and strategic information advisors.
    AIDS (London, England) 07/2015; 29 Suppl 2:S129-S136. DOI:10.1097/QAD.0000000000000713
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    ABSTRACT: To improve quality of care through decreasing existing gaps in the areas of coverage, retention, and wellness of patients receiving HIV care and treatment. The antiretroviral therapy (ART) Framework utilizes improvement methods and the Chronic Care Model to address the coverage, retention, and wellness gaps in HIV care and treatment. This is a time-series study. The ART Framework was applied in five health centers in Buikwe District, Uganda. Quality improvement teams, consisting of healthcare workers and expert patients, were established in each of the five healthcare facilities. The intervention period was October 2010 to September 2012. It consisted of quality improvement teams analyzing their facility and systems of care from the perspective of the Chronic Care Model to identify areas of improvement. They implemented the ART Framework, collected data and assessed outcomes, focused on self-management support for patients, to improve coverage, retention, and wellness gaps in HIV care and treatment. Coverage was defined as every patient who needs ART in the catchment area, receives it. Retention was defined as every patient who receives ART stays on ART, and wellness defined as having a positive clinical, immunological, and/or virological response to treatment without intolerable or unmanageable side-effects. Results from Buikwe show the gaps in coverage, retention, and wellness greatly decreased a gap in coverage of 44-19%, gap in retention of 49-24%, and gap in wellness of 53-14% during a 2-year intervention period. The ART Framework is an innovative and practical tool for HIV program managers to improve HIV care and treatment.
    AIDS (London, England) 07/2015; 29 Suppl 2:S187-S194. DOI:10.1097/QAD.0000000000000742
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    ABSTRACT: Achieving long-term retention in HIV care is an important challenge for HIV management and achieving elimination of mother-to-child transmission. Sustainable, affordable strategies are required to achieve this, including strengthening of community-based interventions. Deployment of community-based health workers (CHWs) can improve health outcomes but there is a need to identify systems to support and maintain high-quality performance. Quality-improvement strategies have been successfully implemented to improve quality and coverage of healthcare in facilities and could provide a framework to support community-based interventions. Four community-based quality-improvement projects from South Africa, Malawi and Mozambique are described. Community-based improvement teams linked to the facility-based health system participated in learning networks (modified Breakthrough Series), and used quality-improvement methods to improve process performance. Teams were guided by trained quality mentors who used local data to help nurses and CHWs identify gaps in service provision and test solutions. Learning network participants gathered at intervals to share progress and identify successful strategies for improvement. CHWs demonstrated understanding of quality-improvement concepts, tools and methods, and implemented quality-improvement projects successfully. Challenges of using quality-improvement approaches in community settings included adapting processes, particularly data reporting, to the education level and first language of community members. Quality-improvement techniques can be implemented by CHWs to improve outcomes in community settings but these approaches require adaptation and additional mentoring support to be successful. More research is required to establish the effectiveness of this approach on processes and outcomes of care.
    AIDS (London, England) 07/2015; 29 Suppl 2:S155-S164. DOI:10.1097/QAD.0000000000000716