Australian Journal of Linguistics (Aust J Ling )

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

Description

The A ustralian Journal of Linguistics, the official journal of the Australian Linguistic Society, is concerned with all branches of linguistics, with preference given to articles of theoretical interest. The journal maintains an international focus, while at the same time encouraging articles on Australian languages, Australian English, and language in Australian society.

  • Impact factor
    0.26
  • 5-year impact
    0.00
  • Cited half-life
    0.00
  • Immediacy index
    0.05
  • Eigenfactor
    0.00
  • Article influence
    0.00
  • Website
    Australian Journal of Linguistics website
  • Other titles
    Inter-Asia cultural studies (Online), Inter Asia cultural studies
  • ISSN
    1469-2996
  • OCLC
    44708391
  • Material type
    Document, Periodical, Internet resource
  • Document type
    Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Taylor & Francis

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Some individual journals may have policies prohibiting pre-print archiving
    • On author's personal website or departmental website immediately
    • On institutional repository or subject-based repository after either 12 months embargo for STM, Behavioural Science and Public Health Journals or 18 months embargo for SSH journals
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • On a non-profit server
    • Published source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Set statements to accompany deposits (see policy)
    • The publisher will deposit in on behalf of authors to a designated institutional repository including PubMed Central, where a deposit agreement exists with the repository
    • STM: Science, Technology and Medicine
    • SSH: Social Science and Humanities
    • Publisher last contacted on 25/03/2014
    • 'Taylor & Francis (Routledge)' is an imprint of 'Taylor & Francis'
  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In this paper we propose a semantic type-driven account of verb-formation patterns in Panyjima. By offering an explicit theory for the construal of semantically simplex event descriptions from morphologically complex verbal stems, we flesh out intuitions dating back to Clark and Clark (1979) about the role of derivational morphology in the interpretation of derived verbs, especially denominal verbs. This latter point is of particular relevance to a general theory of verb meaning (inclusive of, but not limited to, Aktionsart/lexical aspect), as most formal theories of lexical semantics have been primarily developed for languages with a rich verbal lexicon. By contrast, Australian languages often have a much smaller verbal lexicon and rely more heavily on productive processes of verbalization. The challenge we intend to meet is to provide a formal analysis that matches the productive morphology of the language under investigation. We offer an implementation couched within the Type Composition Logic (TCL) of Asher (2011), which demonstrates how TCL can successfully capture the contextual interpretation of productively derived Panyjima verbs.
    Australian Journal of Linguistics 01/2012; 32(1):115-155.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This paper proposes an analysis of an aspectual construction in Jaminjung, a non-Pama-Nyungan Australian language of the Mirndi family. At first sight, this looks like construction conveying grammatical aspect, specifically progressive, since it bears both formal and functional resemblances to typical progressive constructions. At closer investigation, however, the two morphemes crucially involved in the construction, a grammatical morpheme = mayan and a ‘semantically light’ inflecting verb, in their combination can be shown to convey lexical rather than grammatical aspect:=mayan, which occurs in a wider range of contexts, can be analysed as a marker of iterativity, and the inflecting verbs -yu ‘be’ and -ijga ‘go’ signal atelicity of different flavours, and are selected as classificatory verbs in analogy to other closed-class verbs in complex predicates in Jaminjung. The findings support a distinction made in the literature between event-internal and event-external pluractionality. Of all pluractionals, only event-internal iterative expressions (which include not only complex predicates but also iterated direct speech) are overtly marked as atelic in Jaminjung, and only those exhibit the functional overlap with a progressive. The study of this construction thus provides an insight into the pathway of grammaticalization between lexical and grammatical aspect.
    Australian Journal of Linguistics 01/2012; 32(1):7-39.
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    ABSTRACT: This paper is an overview of the tense, aspect and modality (TAM) system in Murrinh-Patha, a polysynthetic language of the Daly River region of northern Australia. Our aim is to provide a detailed account of the range of TAM categories and their uses, highlighting along the way areas of interest for theoretical semantic analysis. We build here on earlier descriptions of tense, aspect and mood in Murrinh-Patha, most notably work by Street, and argue for reanalysis and refinement in various places, resulting in what we believe to be a more accurate and revealing analysis of the overall system.
    Australian Journal of Linguistics 01/2012; 32(1):73-113.
  • Australian Journal of Linguistics 01/2012; 32:291-292.
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to devise a semantic template for non-human being terms. To achieve this objective, four non-human being concepts were analysed, and an explication for each concept was built. Comparing the explications yielded a nine-part semantic template. The usefulness of this semantic template is threefold: first, it eases the task of explicating non-human being concepts because the parts of the template can serve as guidelines to be followed while constructing the explications. Second, it eases the comparison between related non-human being concepts from different languages. Third, it reveals the devices embodied in the structure of non-human being concepts which enable people to use these complex concepts without difficulty.
    Australian Journal of Linguistics 12/2011; 31(4):411-443.
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    ABSTRACT: The Englishes of British settlers in different parts of the world reflect the history and culture of their respective societies. In expanding to distant lands, colonists encountered natural environments very different from those of Britain. As a consequence, the English of British settlers in different countries has changed in response to new landscapes. Individual landscape terms in various languages do not always have exact equivalents in other languages, or even in different varieties of the same language. One example is the term the bush in Australian English. The bush denotes an Australian landscape zone, but the word has developed additional senses related to culture and human geography. This study delineates the semantics of the bush in Australian English in relation to Australian culture. These meanings of the bush are described using the Natural Semantic Metalanguage (NSM) approach to linguistic analysis. The study finds that the bush is a keyword in Australian culture. Overall the study shows that in Australian English and other settler Englishes the meanings of national landscape terms can shed light on the relationship between settlers’ cultures, and their new environments and ways of life.
    Australian Journal of Linguistics 12/2011; 31(4):445-471.
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    ABSTRACT: This paper analyses the functions of represented speech and thought (RST) in narratives in Umpithamu, a Pama-Nyungan language of Cape York Peninsula (Australia). The paper first surveys the different mechanisms available for marking a shift from the narrator's deictic centre to a narrative participant, including a number of constructions that use perception and motion predicates to signal RST. The analysis then focuses on the narrative functions of RST, showing that it has a macrostructural function beyond the representation of a specific participant's speech and thought, more specifically highlighting the central episodes of a narrative. The evidence comes from an analysis of three genres with a different macrostructure: one (personal history) for which the classic Labovian schema of complication–resolution works well and two others (both dealing with the supernatural world) that rely on different structuring principles. It is shown that RST is systematically associated with central episodes across the three genres, and that the location and nature of RST co-vary with the different location and nature of these episodes in the three genres. In narratives of supernatural encounter, for instance, RST conveys modal negotiation about the interpretation of the central events in terms of the supernatural world.
    Australian Journal of Linguistics 12/2011; 31(4):491-517.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Jaszczolt examines the default semantic analysis of ‘the best architect designed this church’, uttered when standing in front of El Temple de la Sagrada Família in Barcelona. At first sight, Jaszczolt's conclusion that the cognitive default reading of the sentence is ‘Antoni Gaudí designed El Temple de la Sagrada Família, and the speaker believes him to be the best architect’ looks right; but is it in fact an appropriate semantic analysis, even given Jaszczolt's pragmatics-rich approach? Our knowledge of what the particular speaker is likely to know is our only guide here. We will make different assumptions for the speaker who is a four-year-old child, George W. Bush, or a native of Barcelona (and so on). The same goes for the addressee: an adult addressing a four-year-old child will very likely follow up by identifying the architect. We only know whether speaker and hearer correctly identify the architect from the co-text, and this requires considerably more inferencing from contextual and encyclopaedic data than Jaszczolt allows. This paper criticizes some of the assumptions of Default Semantics and suggests some emendations to the theory, including additional machinery showing a mapping from the words uttered to the intended meaning in the case of ‘the best architect designed this church’.
    Australian Journal of Linguistics 12/2011; 31(4):389-409.
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    ABSTRACT: Gurindji Kriol is the home language of children and adults under about 40 years of age in traditionally Gurindji speaking communities of northern Australia. For phonetics and phonology, a significant aspect of the mixed language status of Gurindji Kriol is that, in running speech, approximately two-thirds of word tokens are Kriol-derived, and one-third are Gurindji-derived. In this study, we describe vowel pronunciation in the Kriol-derived words relative to their English cognates, by comparing picture-prompted citation speech from five young Gurindji Kriol speaking women and four young Australian English speaking women from Katherine, the nearest town. The results indicate systematic differences in vowel pronunciation and vowel variability between Gurindji Kriol and Katherine English, in monophthongs and diphthongs. We also consider the vowel variation in these tokens in the context of the likely vowel phoneme inventory in Gurindji Kriol, or the extent of permitted within-category variation in the languages.
    Australian Journal of Linguistics 09/2011; 31(3):305-326.
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    ABSTRACT: Evidence of Australian English vowel shifting has been found recently, in data primarily from Sydney and surrounding areas. Although regional variation in the Australian accent remains under-investigated, some signs of regional vowel differences have been found, suggesting that data from other regional centres must also be considered to accurately assess the nature and extent of vowel change. This study contributes to the ongoing re-assessment of Australian vowel characteristics by examining formant data of the /hVd/ vowels of 13 female and nine male adolescents from Melbourne, in relation to recent data from Sydney and Adelaide and earlier data from New South Wales. Results yield evidence of regional vowel differences, with signs that these interact with vowel innovation, and that the presence of regional and innovative vowel characteristics differs for males and females.
    Australian Journal of Linguistics 09/2011; 31(3):275-303.
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    ABSTRACT: The word final phonology of Lardil was brought to the attention of linguists by Ken Hale in the 1960s and since then certain properties of the data have led it to occupy a privileged position, in a canon of data sets against which new theoretical proposals are frequently tested. Several seminal arguments for new and high-profile phonological theories are now based at least in part upon analyses of Hale's data set. After reviewing what is of such interest in Lardil, a body of data is assembled which alters our understanding of the empirical facts and theoretical implications of Lardil phonology. Hale's process of Laminalization is reanalyzed as Apicalization; constrained lexical exceptions are found with respect to Apocope, Apicalization and Truncation; and a process of Raising is identified. A discussion of the systematicity of these new data, and of their demonstrable antiquity leads to the conclusion that future formal analyses of the language must account not only for already well-known properties of the data, but for the existence of multiple, active patterns that apply selectively throughout the lexicon.
    Australian Journal of Linguistics 09/2011; 31(3):327-350.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of continuity of reference on the use of subject personal pronouns (SPP) in the Turkish spoken in Turkey and in New York City (NYC) from a variationist perspective. Whereas the variable use of SPPs in Turkish has been extensively analyzed in many studies conducted in Europe, it has received much less attention in the US. One of the aims of the present study is to replicate the study conducted by Otheguy et al., where the influence of different social and linguistic variables on the expression of Spanish SPPs was examined across Latin American and Caribbean immigrant generations in NYC. The present study is part of a dissertation that examined several linguistic and social variables that condition the presence and absence of SPPs in the speech of 20 adult speakers living in Turkey and 20 living in NYC, but reports here only the results regarding the rates of use of overt SPPs in Turkish and the effects of continuity of reference on the use of SPPs.In both the TT and TNY samples, there were an equal number of males and females. The speakers ranged in age from 20 to 80 years old. The results of the study indicate that there was an increase in the use of overt SPPs in both the same- and different-reference environments among the TNY and a significantly higher rate of overt SPP use for TNY than for TT. These findings are consistent with those obtained in the work by Otheguy et al.
    Australian Journal of Linguistics 09/2011; 31(3):351-369.
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    ABSTRACT: Linguistic fieldworkers undertake the highly challenging task of entering a new community, often one with which they have no previous experience, and documenting the local language. While there is a good deal of discussion in the literature about the various issues related to fieldwork (methodology, technology, field site, ethics, etc.), much less attention is paid to two important aspects of applied linguistics that relate directly to fieldwork: language learning and community literacy. This article makes the argument that linguists who engage with language learning and literacy development in their own practice will enjoy improved outcomes for both themselves and their host community. The current literature on language learning theory is then reviewed, with a particular view to how this knowledge can be applied to the field. Recent publications on literacy theory and practice are also appraised in a similar fashion.
    Australian Journal of Linguistics 05/2011; 31(2):187-209.
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    ABSTRACT: In this paper, I discuss the operation of metonymy and the interaction of metaphor and metonymy in the grammaticalization of prepositions into prefixes. The metonymic shift that allows the integration of the prefix with the base can take place directly in cases in which both elements share the same domain. When two different domains are involved, the previous operation of a metaphor that neutralizes ontological differences between domains is required. To examine the metonymic and metaphoric operations, I take two Polish prepositions (na ‘on’ and do ‘to’) that have become prefixes and have changed the meaning of two specific verbs to which they have been attached, pakować ‘put things into a container’ and myśleć ‘think’, respectively. The first verb belongs to the domain of physical space, while the second does not. The analysis is conducted within the framework of Cognitive Grammar, which takes the view that all grammatical elements in language are meaningful and that they impose and symbolize particular ways of construing conceptual content. This paper shows that this is particularly evident in processes of grammaticalization of prepositions into prefixes.
    Australian Journal of Linguistics 05/2011; 31(2):211-231.
  • Australian Journal of Linguistics 12/2010; 30(4):393-396.
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    ABSTRACT: This article analyzes and compares the meanings of two English contact verbs: slap and smack. Although they are sometimes regarded as synonymous in their primary senses, evidence is adduced to show that each verb has a distinct meaning. Corpus data are used to identify the everyday patterns of each verb's use and the analysis and discussion focus on the syntactic and semantic implications of these patterns. Attention is also given to the social and cultural factors that have influenced the way people think about the actions described by the verbs. Meanings are expressed in explications using the Natural Semantic Metalanguage (NSM), which uses reductive paraphrase to describe each verb in terms of simpler prime concepts; this allows direct comparison of their semantic content. Slap and smack are shown to share many salient semantic features but, at the same time, to have unique characteristics which make them capable of distinctive description. Their prototypical meanings provide a strong conceptual foundation for other senses, including metaphorical uses.
    Australian Journal of Linguistics 09/2010; 30(3):323-348.