Cardiology in the Young

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Description

Cardiology in the Young is devoted to cardiovascular issues affecting the young, and the older patient suffering the sequels of congenital heart disease, or other cardiac diseases acquired in childhood. The journal serves the interests of all professionals concerned with these topics. By design, the journal is international and multidisciplinary in its approach, and members of the editorial board take an active role in the its mission, helping to make it the essential journal in paediatric cardiology. All aspects of paediatric cardiology are covered within the journal. The content includes original articles, brief reports, editorials, reviews, and papers devoted to continuing professional development. High-quality colour figures are published on a regular basis, and without charge to the authors. Regular supplements are published containing the abstracts of the annual meetings of the Association for European Paediatric Cardiology, and the proceedings of the meetings organised annually by the Children's Heart Institute of Florida, and Children's Hospital of Philadelphia. The Editorial team is currently looking to expand the number of Supplements published each year. These are supplied free to subscribers."

  • Impact factor
    0.95
  • 5-year impact
    1.06
  • Cited half-life
    5.80
  • Immediacy index
    0.12
  • Eigenfactor
    0.00
  • Article influence
    0.39
  • Website
    Cardiology in the Young website
  • Other titles
    Cardiology in the young (Online)
  • ISSN
    1467-1107
  • OCLC
    55143040
  • Material type
    Document, Periodical, Internet resource
  • Document type
    Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Cambridge University Press

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • On authors personal or departmental web page or institutional repository or PubMed Central
    • Pre-print to record acceptance for publication
    • Publisher copyright and source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Authors version may be deposited immediately on acceptance
    • Publishers version/PDF may be used on authors personal or departmental web page any time after publication
    • Publishers version/PDF may be used in an institutional repository or PubMed Central after 12 month embargo
    • Articles in some journals can be made Open Access on payment of additional charge
    • If funding agency rules apply, authors may post articles in PubMed Central 12 months after publication or use Cambridge Open Option
    • Permission (not to be unreasonably withheld) needs to be sought if the author is at a different institution to when the article was originally published.
  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Myxoma in neonatal life are extremely rare. We report a case of a neonate with a pedunculated cardiac tumour arising from the anterolateral left ventricular wall protruding across the left ventricular outflow tract and continuously extending into the distal aortic arch. Surgical removal at 14 days of age via combined transaortic approach and apical ventriculotomy was indicated because of the risk of further compromise of aortic valve function and aortic arch obstruction. Histopathologic examination was consistent with a myxoma.
    Cardiology in the Young 10/2014;
  • Cardiology in the Young 10/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background: CHD is the leading cause of mortality due to birth defects. Array comparative genomic hybridisation (aCGH) detects submicroscopic copy number changes and may improve identification of the genetic basis of CHD. Methods: This is a retrospective analysis of 1252 patients from a regional referral centre who had undergone aCGH. Of the patients, 173 had CHD. A whole-genome custom-designed oligonucleotide array with >44,000 probes was used to detect copy number changes. Results: Of the 1252 patients, 335 (26.76%) had abnormal aCGH results. Of the 173 patients with CHD, 50 (28.9%) had abnormal aCGH results versus 284 (26.3%) of 1079 non-cardiac patients. There were six patients with CHD who had well-described syndromes such as Wolf-Hirschhorn, trisomy 13, DiGeorge, and Williams. Of the patients with CHD, those with left-sided heart disease had the highest proportion (14/31; 45.13%) of abnormal aCGH results, followed by those with conotruncal heart disease (10/29; 34.48%), endocardial cushion defects (13/50; 26%), complex/other heart disease (12/52; 23.08%), and patent ductus arteriosus (1/11; 9.09%). Conclusions: Patients with CHD are at a substantial risk of having microdeletions and microduplications. The incidence of abnormalities on aCGH analysis is higher than identified with karyotype, and identification of copy number changes may help identify the genetic basis of the specific heart defects. However, aCGH may not have a significant diagnostic yield in those with isolated CHD. Further research using larger data sets may help identify candidate genes associated with CHD.
    Cardiology in the Young 10/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: We report about a 12-year-old girl who presented with a blood pressure difference between the extremities with the suspicion of an aortic coarctation. After imaging and laboratory tests, the diagnosis of Takayasu arteritis was made. Owing to persistent arterial hypertension despite medical treatment, we initiated a treatment with a balloon angioplasty of the renal arteries with an eluting balloon.
    Cardiology in the Young 10/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We present a case of a 2-year-old girl who presented with respiratory distress and umbilical abscess, and was found to have an inferior sinus venosus defect, malposition of the atrial septum primum, absent septum secundum, and anomalous drainage of the right upper and lower pulmonary veins to the right atrium.
    Cardiology in the Young 10/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objectives: This study tested whether mothers with maternal hypothyroidism have increased odds of CHD in their offspring, and examined the relationship between CHD, maternal thyroid function, and nausea and vomiting in pregnancy. Background: Maternal hypothyroidism increases the risk for foetal demise and prematurity and can have a negative impact on neurodevelopment. Prior studies have postulated a relationship between maternal thyroid function, CHD, and maternal nausea and vomiting in pregnancy. Methods: A cross-sectional case-control study was conducted over a 17-month period to obtain a history of maternal thyroid status and nausea and vomiting in pregnancy. Paediatric echocardiograms were evaluated for CHD by a blinded paediatric cardiologist. Logistic regression analysis was performed to examine the association between CHD and maternal hypothyroidism. Results: Of the 998 maternal-child pairs, 10% (98/998) of the mothers reported a history of prenatal hypothyroidism. The overall prevalence of CHD in the study sample was 63% (630/998). Mothers with a history of hypothyroidism were significantly more likely to have offspring with CHD compared with mothers without a history of hypothyroidism (72 versus 62%; p=0.04). The adjusted odds ratio (95% confidence interval) of CHD in offspring associated with reported maternal hypothyroidism was 1.68 (1.02-2.78). Conclusion: This study suggests that maternal hypothyroidism is a risk factor for the development of CHD. Further prospective investigations are necessary to confirm this association and delineate pathogenic mechanisms.
    Cardiology in the Young 10/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Acute type A aortic dissection is a catastrophic situation, often accompanied by aortic regurgitation. A rarely described cause of aortic regurgitation, in this clinical scenario, is the prolapse of an intimal flap into the left ventricular outflow tract. We present here a case of acute type A aortic dissection with a circumferential intimal flap, prolapsing into the left ventricular outflow tract and causing massive aortic regurgitation.
    Cardiology in the Young 10/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A 31-year-old patient previously underwent a Mustard operation presented with palpitations. Atrial tachycardia and paroxysmal atrial fibrillation were documented on the surface electrocardiogram. Under the guidance of a three-dimensional electroanatomic mapping system, ablation of the isolated left-sided pulmonary vein and a cavo-tricuspid isthmus-dependent intra-atrial macro re-entry circuit eliminated atrial tachycardia and paroxysmal atrial fibrillation without the recurrence of atrial tachyarrhythmia.
    Cardiology in the Young 10/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Anomalous origin of the right coronary artery from the posterior, non-coronary sinus is extremely rare and has never been reported in a paediatric-age competitive athlete. We report this very rare case of the right coronary artery arising from the posterior sinus. In the anomalous right coronary from the posterior sinus, the proximal right coronary artery appears widely patent and has no interarterial course.
    Cardiology in the Young 10/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Assessment of foetal cardiac function is more challenging than in the adult, in whom emerging technologies are tested. The postnatal cardio-respiratory interaction is replaced by the cardio-placental circulation and impedance of the brain, and distal vascular beds play an important role in modulating flow to enable its redistribution in the foetal body. Prenatal specialists, comprising obstetricians and cardiologists, have tested a variety of traditional methodologies, as well as non-Doppler offline ultrasound methods in the foetus. This article reviews the development of techniques, outlines their use, and draws attention to pitfalls in adapting technologies validated in the adult heart to the small, fast beating, remote, and largely ungated foetal heart.
    Cardiology in the Young 09/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy is characterised by progressive, fibrofatty replacement of myocardium, and ventricular arrhythmias, and its prognosis is usually poor. Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy associated with atrial septal defect is very rare, and this combination may make the diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis difficult. We present a case of a patient with this association who underwent interventional treatment with a septal defect occluder. Transcatheter closure of atrial septal defect in a patient with arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy is hitherto unreported. During a 3-year follow-up he remained relatively stable. We also review the cases reported in the medical literature describing this uncommon association between arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy and atrial septal defect or patent foramen ovale.
    Cardiology in the Young 09/2014;
  • Cardiology in the Young 09/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Left anterior accessory pathways are considered to be rare findings. Catheter ablation of accessory pathways in this location remains a challenging target, and few reports about successful ablation of these accessory pathways are available. We describe our experience regarding a case of a manifest left anterior accessory pathway ablation using radiofrequency energy at the junction of the left coronary cusp with the non-coronary cusp.
    Cardiology in the Young 09/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Persistent primitive hepatic venous plexus is an anomaly of the systemic venous return characterised by postnatal persistence of the foetal intrahepatic venous drainage. Scimitar syndrome is a condition that consists of partial anomalous pulmonary venous return of the right pulmonary venous drainage into the systemic veins, associated with pulmonary artery hypoplasia with the underdeveloped right lung, pulmonary sequestration, and cardiac malposition. Both conditions are rare and together have been rarely described in the literature. We report the first case of this combination of lesions imaged by cardiac magnetic resonance imaging with a three-dimensional reconstruction and reviewed the literature to characterise this uncommon combination.
    Cardiology in the Young 09/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: Symptomatic neonates with Ebstein's anomaly pose significant challenge. Within this cohort, neonates with associated anatomical pulmonary atresia have higher mortality. We review our experience with this difficult subset. Methods: A total of 32 consecutive symptomatic neonates with Ebstein's anomaly underwent surgical intervention between 1994 and 2013. Of them, 20 neonates (62%, 20/32) had associated pulmonary atresia. Patients' weights ranged from 1.9 to 3.4 kg. All patients without pulmonary atresia had two-ventricle repair. Of the 20 neonates, 16 (80%, 16/20) with Ebstein's anomaly and pulmonary atresia had two-ventricle repair and 4 had single-ventricle palliation, of which 2 underwent Starnes' palliation and 2 Blalock-Taussig shunts. Six recent patients with Ebstein's anomaly and pulmonary atresia had right ventricle to pulmonary artery valved conduit as part of their two-ventricle repair. Results: Overall early mortality was 28% (9/32). For those without pulmonary atresia, mortality was 8.3% (1/12). For the entire cohort of neonates with Ebstein's anomaly and pulmonary atresia, mortality was 40% (8/20; p=0.05). Mortality for neonates with Ebstein's anomaly and pulmonary atresia having two-ventricle repair was 44% (7/16). Mortality for neonates with Ebstein's anomaly and pulmonary atresia having two-ventricle repair utilising right ventricle to pulmonary artery conduit was 16% (1/6). For those having one-ventricle repair, the mortality was 25% (1/4). Conclusions: Surgical management of neonates with Ebstein's anomaly remains challenging. For neonates with Ebstein's anomaly and anatomical pulmonary atresia, single-ventricle palliation is associated with lower early mortality compared with two-ventricle repair. This outcome advantage is negated by inclusion of right ventricle to pulmonary artery conduit as part of the two-ventricle repair.
    Cardiology in the Young 09/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Isolation of the left subclavian artery is a rare anomaly associated with acyanotic CHDs and right aortic arch. This condition can be asymptomatic or can present with neurological and left upper-limb ischaemic symptoms; it does not form a vascular ring. Treatment options include implantation of the subclavian artery to the aortic arch vessels and closure of the patent ductus arteriosus to prevent pulmonary run off. Here we describe a child who was incidentally detected to have this condition during evaluation of atrial septal defect for device closure.
    Cardiology in the Young 09/2014;
  • Cardiology in the Young 09/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Anthracyclines are effective medications for childhood cancer. Their limitation is the risk of cardiomyopathy. Although diastolic dysfunction has been described in patients who received anthracyclines, cardiac monitoring has focused on systolic function, which is abnormal in up to 41% of the patients. We conducted a study to assess diastolic function utilising transmitral inflow Doppler velocities and tissue Doppler imaging in anthracycline-treated children 5 years post-therapy. Methods: This was a retrospective study on 63 anthracycline-treated patients. Echocardiographic parameters included peak early and late transmitral inflow Doppler velocities (E, A), E/A ratio, E deceleration time, and tissue Doppler imaging early and late diastolic mitral annulus velocities (E', A'), E/E' ratio, and E'/A' ratio. Results: All indices of diastolic function that we measured were normal in the anthracycline-treated patients. Conclusion: We conclude that diastolic function assessed by transmitral inflow Doppler velocities and tissue Doppler imaging is normal in anthracycline-treated children 5 years after completion of treatment. Further longitudinal study is needed to determine whether diastolic function becomes abnormal with time in this patient population.
    Cardiology in the Young 09/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objectives: The improved management of Fontan patients has resulted in good outcome. As such, these patients may necessitate care for non-cardiac surgery. We sought to determine the long-term outcome of our Fontan series palliated with the most recent surgical techniques. Our second objective was to report the incidence and the perioperative course after non-cardiac procedures. We reviewed the records of all patients with either a lateral tunnel or an extracardiac conduit Fontan between 1996 and 2008. Follow-up was recorded until June, 2013, including records regarding non-cardiac interventions. Results: Overall, 58 patients were included. Of them, one patient underwent a takedown of his Fontan, and five patients died in the immediate postoperative course. The cumulative survival of the remaining 52 patients was 81%. There was no significant difference in survival between right and left ventricle morphologies (p=0.56), nor between both types of Fontan (p=0.9). Chronic arrhythmias (25%), fatigue/dyspnoea (40%), thrombotic complications (19%), and embolic events (10%) were among the most recurrent comorbidities. In total, 45 non-cardiac interventions were performed on 26 patients, with three bleeding complications and one death. Conclusions: This study shows excellent long-term survival after both lateral tunnel and extracardiac conduit Fontan. The incidence of cardiovascular morbidity remains high, however. We also report a high number of non-cardiac interventions. Thorough understanding of the Fontan physiology is mandatory when non-cardiac anaesthesiologists are in charge of these patients.
    Cardiology in the Young 09/2014;