Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology Impact Factor & Information

Publisher: Foundation for Promotion of Cancer Research, Oxford University Press (OUP)

Journal description

JJCO publishes original articles, reviews, case reports and epidemiological notes. Its main scope is to publish clinical research on cancer. It puts emphasis on publishing case reports and clinical investigations with various clinical implications.

Current impact factor: 2.02

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2016
2014 Impact Factor 2.016
2013 Impact Factor 1.747
2012 Impact Factor 1.898
2011 Impact Factor 1.783
2010 Impact Factor 1.856
2009 Impact Factor 1.498
2008 Impact Factor 1.405
2007 Impact Factor 1.269
2006 Impact Factor 1.376
2005 Impact Factor 1.316
2004 Impact Factor 0.96
2003 Impact Factor 0.799
2002 Impact Factor 0.691
2001 Impact Factor 0.591
2000 Impact Factor 0.786
1999 Impact Factor 0.728
1998 Impact Factor 0.728
1997 Impact Factor 0.359
1996 Impact Factor 0.472
1995 Impact Factor 0.462
1994 Impact Factor 0.485
1993 Impact Factor 0.331
1992 Impact Factor 0.297

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 2.04
Cited half-life 6.00
Immediacy index 0.25
Eigenfactor 0.01
Article influence 0.56
Website Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology website
Other titles Japanese journal of clinical oncology (Online), Japanese journal of clinical oncology, JJCO
ISSN 1465-3621
OCLC 49372166
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Oxford University Press (OUP)

  • Pre-print
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  • Post-print
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    • 6 months embargo
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    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
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    • Set phrase to accompany archived copy (see policy)
    • Eligible authors may deposit in OpenDepot
    • This policy is an exception to the default policies of 'Oxford University Press (OUP)'
  • Classification

Publications in this journal

  • Hidetaka Eguchi · Kensuke Kumamoto · Okihide Suzuki · Masakazu Kohda · Yuhki Tada · Yasushi Okazaki · Hideyuki Ishida ·
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    ABSTRACT: Germline deletion of the 3' portion of the Epithelial Cell Adhesion Molecule (EPCAM) gene located 5' upstream of MutS Homolog 2 (MSH2) is a novel mechanism for its inactivation in Lynch syndrome. However, its contribution in Japanese Lynch syndrome patients is poorly understood. Moreover, somatic events inactivating the remaining allele of MSH2 in cancer tissue have not been elucidated in Lynch syndrome patients with such EPCAM deletions. We identified a Japanese Lynch syndrome patient with colon cancer who evidenced germline deletion of a 4130 bp fragment of EPCAM encompassing exons 8 and 9 (c.859-672_*2170del). In normal colonic mucosa, two known fusion-transcripts of EPCAM/MSH2 generated from the rearranged gene were observed and heterozygous methylation of the MSH2 gene promoter was detected. In cancer tissue, dense methylation of MSH2 was observed and MLPA analysis demonstrated somatic deletion of the remaining EPCAM allele including exon 9, indicating that somatic deletion of EPCAM is responsible for complete inactivation of MSH2.
    Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology 11/2015; DOI:10.1093/jjco/hyv172
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: There is no standard second-line chemotherapy after progression on first-line therapy including gemcitabine and platinum combination in advanced gall bladder cancer patients. So this study was undertaken to assess the efficacy and safety of FOLFOX-4 regimen in this setting. Methods: In this observational study, patients with performance status ≤2, who progressed on first-line therapy, were enrolled from May 2010 to June 2014. FOLFOX-4 based treatment was administered until progression, unacceptable toxicity or up to 12 cycles. Results: A total of 66 patients were enrolled in this study. The median age of patients was 52.5 years (32-66 years),of which 24 (36.36%) were males and 42 (63.63%) were females. The median number of cycles could be given were 9.5 (2-12). Only 43.93% patients in this study completed full 12 cycles of chemotherapy. Sixteen patients (24.24%) in this study required the dose reduction at least in one cycle of chemotherapy due to toxicities. Disease control rate was seen in 39 (59.09%) patients, with complete response in none, partial response in 16 (24.24%), stable disease in 23 (34.84%) and progressive disease in 27 (40.90%) patients. The median progression free survival was 3.9 months; median overall survival was 7.6 months. The main Grade 3/4 side effects seen were hematological in 31.81% (n = 21) and gastrointestinal in 25.75% (n = 17) patients. Majority of patients (46%) had Grade 1/2 peripheral neuropathy. Conclusions: FOLFOX-4 is an effective and well-tolerated regimen as a second-line treatment in advanced gall bladder cancer patients. Further studies are required, especially in the Indian subcontinent.
    Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology 11/2015; DOI:10.1093/jjco/hyv148
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: It is known that depression and anxiety occur more frequently in pancreatic cancer patients than in those with other malignancies. However, few studies have assessed depression and anxiety using reliable psychiatric diagnostic tools. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of depression and anxiety among pancreatic cancer patients before and 1 month after the start of anticancer treatment using reliable psychiatric diagnostic tools, and to identify factors that predict their occurrence. Methods: Pancreatic cancer patients were consecutively recruited. Structured clinical interviews were used to determine the presence of affective disorders, anxiety disorders and adjustment disorders. Baseline interviews were performed prior to initiation of anticancer treatment, while follow-up interviews were performed 1 month after treatment was started. Medical, demographic and psychosocial backgrounds were also assessed as predictive factors. Results: One hundred and ten patients participated in the baseline interview and 91 in the follow-up interview. Depression and anxiety were observed in 15 patients (13.6%) at the baseline, and 15 patients (16.5%) at the follow-up. Lack of confidants was associated with depression and anxiety at the baseline. At the baseline, sadness, lower Karnofsky Performance Status and prior experience with the death of a family member due to cancer predicted newly diagnosed depression and anxiety at the follow-up. Conclusion: A considerable percentage of pancreatic cancer patients experienced depression and anxiety. Multidimensional psychosocial predictive factors were found and optimal psychological care should incorporate early detection of sadness.
    Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology 11/2015; DOI:10.1093/jjco/hyv169
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: The purpose of this study is to compare the long-term clinical outcome of hypopharynx cancer and oropharynx cancer treated with concurrent chemoradiotherapy. Methods: A total of 213 patients with locally advanced hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (n = 79) or oropharygeal squamous cell carcinoma (n = 134) were included. All patients were treated with upfront concurrent chemoradiotherapy between 1995 and 2012. Results: The median overall survival and progression-free survival differed significantly between the two groups (P < 0.05). Overall survival and progression-free survival rates at 3 years were 52% and 42% for hypopharynx cancer, and 75% and 72% for oropharynx cancer, respectively. There was no significant difference in the overall incidence of distant metastases but more locoregional recurrences occurred in patients with hypopharynx cancer compared with those with oropharynx cancer with a statistical significance (P < 0.001). Conclusions: Patients diagnosed with locally advanced hypopharyngeal had relatively poor survival after upfront concurrent chemoradiotherapy. More intensive treatment such as induction chemotherapy before concurrent chemoradiotherapy might be needed to improve survival outcome in this subgroup of patients.
    Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology 11/2015; DOI:10.1093/jjco/hyv163
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    ABSTRACT: Trousseau's syndrome (cancer-associated thrombosis) is the second leading cause of death in cancer patients, after death from cancer itself. The risk of a venous thromboembolism is 4- to 7-fold higher in patients with cancer than in those without cancer. The causes of this impaired coagulation are associated with general patient-related risk factors, and other factors that are specific to the particular cancer or treatment. It is important to assess the risk of thrombotic events in cancer patients and administer effective prophylaxis and treatment. Effective prophylaxis and treatment of venous thromboembolism reduces morbidity and mortality, and improves patients' quality of life. Low molecular weight heparin is the first-line treatment for venous thromboembolism, as an effective and safe means for prophylaxis and treatment, according to guidelines released by international scientific societies. Oral anticoagulation therapy with warfarin is preferable to no therapy. However, warfarin has low efficacy and is associated with high rates of recurrence. If low molecular weight heparin is unavailable, some guidelines recommend the use of vitamin K antagonists that have a target international normalized ratio in the range of 2-3, as acceptable alternatives. Novel oral anticoagulants that directly inhibit factor Xa or thrombin are promising for the prophylaxis of high-risk cancer patients and in the long-term treatment of venous thromboembolism. However, to date, there is insufficient evidence to support the use of these new anticoagulants.
    Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology 11/2015; DOI:10.1093/jjco/hyv165
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    ABSTRACT: Since the serrated neoplastic pathway has been regarded as an important pathway of colorectal carcinogenesis, few reports have been published on clinical cases of cancer derived from sessile serrated adenoma/polyp, especially on recurrence after resected sessile serrated adenoma/polyp. An elderly woman underwent endoscopic mucosal resection of a flat elevated lesion, 30 mm in diameter, in the ascending colon; the histopathological diagnosis at that time was a hyperplastic polyp, now known as sessile serrated adenoma/polyp. Five years later, cancer due to the malignant transformation of the sessile serrated adenoma/polyp was detected at the same site. The endoscopic diagnosis was a deep invasive carcinoma with a remnant sessile serrated adenoma/polyp component. The carcinoma was surgically removed, and the pathological diagnosis was an adenocarcinoma with sessile serrated adenoma/polyp, which invaded the muscularis propria. The surgically removed lesion did not have a B-RAF mutation in either the sessile serrated adenoma/polyp or the carcinoma; moreover, the initial endoscopically resected lesion also did not have a B-RAF mutation. Immunohistochemistry confirmed negative MLH1 protein expression in only the cancer cells. Lynch syndrome was not detected on genomic examination. The lesion was considered to be a cancer derived from sessile serrated adenoma/polyp recurrence after endoscopic resection, because both the surgically and endoscopically resected lesions were detected at the same location and had similar pathological characteristics, with a serrated structure and low-grade atypia. Furthermore, both lesions had a rare diagnosis of a sessile serrated adenoma/polyp without B-RAF mutation. This report highlights the need for the follow-up colonoscopy after endoscopic resection and rethinking our resection procedures to improve treatment.
    Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology 11/2015; DOI:10.1093/jjco/hyv154
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of proton beam therapy combined with cisplatin intra-arterial infusion via a superficial temporal artery as treatment for maxillary sinus carcinoma. Methods: Twenty-six patients with confirmed maxillary sinus carcinoma were enrolled in this study from May 2009 to April 2011. Patients underwent proton beam therapy and intra-arterial infusion chemotherapy with cisplatin. Results: The median total dose was 70.4 GyE per 32 fractions, and the median dose of cisplatin was 300 mg/body for six cycles of intra-arterial infusion. The 3-year overall survival rate was 58% for all patients (n = 26), 58% for patients with stage T4 disease (n = 12), 57% for patients with <Stage T3 disease (n = 14), 66% for patients with squamous cell carcinoma (n = 15) and 45% for patients with non-squamous cell carcinoma (n = 11). Two patients developed non-hematologic side effects such as Grade 3 radiation dermatitis, one developed osteonecrosis and one developed brain necrosis. Ocular/visual problems occurred in three patients, which included Grade 4 retinopathy and Grade 3 cataract in one and two patients, respectively. Conclusions: Proton beam therapy combined with cisplatin intra-arterial infusion administered via a superficial temporal artery appears to be safe and effective for maxillary sinus carcinoma.
    Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology 11/2015; DOI:10.1093/jjco/hyv160
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    ABSTRACT: The National Cancer Institute-Molecular Analysis for Therapy Choice trial is a clinical trial that will analyze various genetic statuses of patients' tumors to determine whether they contain abnormalities which can be a target for an available drug. National Cancer Institute-Molecular Analysis for Therapy Choice seeks to determine whether improved outcomes can be achieved when cancer treatments are personalized based on molecular abnormalities found in individual patients. As a master protocol, or basket trial, National Cancer Institute-Molecular Analysis for Therapy Choice can add or remove treatments as indicated over the duration of the study. Each treatment will be used in a unique arm, or sub-study, of the trial. The trial initially has 10 arms, each of which will enroll patients to a specific molecularly targeted treatment. It is ultimately anticipated that 20-25 drugs or combination treatments will be tested. To be eligible for the study, participants must have an advanced solid tumor or lymphoma that is no longer responding or never responded to the standard therapy. National Cancer Institute-Molecular Analysis for Therapy Choice investigators plan to obtain tumor biopsy specimens from as many as 3000 patients initially. To identify multiple genetic abnormalities that may respond to the targeted drugs selected for the trial, next-generation deoxyribonucleic acid and ribonucleic acid sequencing will be done in the genetic testing laboratories, analyzing for >4000 different variants across 143 genes. The drugs included in the trial have all either been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for another cancer indication or are still being tested in other clinical trials, but have shown some clinical levels of evidence against tumors with a particular genetic alteration.
    Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology 11/2015; DOI:10.1093/jjco/hyv162
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: Gemcitabine-based chemotherapy is widely used for unresectable advanced pancreatic cancer which contains locally advanced and metastatic pancreatic cancer. We performed meta-analysis to examine whether gemcitabine plus S-1 could improve treatment efficacy as first-line chemotherapy for those patients when compared with gemcitabine alone. Methods: STATA was used to estimate the summary hazard ratios or odds ratios and their 95% confidence intervals. Heterogeneity among trials was examined by Cochran's χ(2) test. Publication bias was evaluated by Begg's and Egger's tests. Subgroup analysis based on the extent of disease was performed. Results: Four randomized controlled trials including 878 Asian patients were analyzed. In total meta-analysis, gemcitabine plus S-1 significantly improved overall survival (hazard ratio, 0.82; 95% confidence interval, 0.70-0.96; P = 0.015), progression-free survival (hazard ratio, 0.64; 95% confidence interval, 0.55-0.74; P < 0.001), overall response rate (odds ratio, 3.00; 95% confidence interval, 2.04-4.41; P < 0.001) and disease control rate (odds ratio, 1.78; 95% confidence interval, 1.32 to 2.39; P < 0.001), and was associated with more but manageable hematologic (leukocytopenia, neutropenia, thrombocytopenia) and non-hematologic (diarrhea, stomatitis, nausea, rash) adverse events. In subgroup analysis, gemcitabine plus S-1, comparing with gemcitabine, significantly improved overall survival in locally advanced patients (hazard ratio, 0.69; 95% confidence interval, 0.48 to 0.99; P = 0.022) but not in metastatic patients (hazard ratio, 0.75; 95% confidence interval, 0.46-1.23; P = 0.256). Conclusion: This meta-analysis confirmed the survival benefits of gemcitabine plus S-1 as first-line treatment for unresectable advanced pancreatic cancer at least in Asia, while good Eastern Cooperative Oncology group performance status was warranted. Importantly, we highlighted the significant overall survival benefit of gemcitabine plus S-1 in locally advanced patients but not in metastatic patients.
    Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology 10/2015; DOI:10.1093/jjco/hyv141
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To evaluate the clinical outcomes of intensity-modulated radiotherapy for patients with oropharyngeal carcinoma. Methods: Ninety-three oropharyngeal carcinoma patients histopathologically diagnosed with squamous cell carcinoma and treated with definitive intensity-modulated radiotherapy using helical tomotherapy between January 2006 and December 2013 were analyzed. Planning target volume primary and involved nodes was delivered 66-70 Gy at 2 Gy per fraction, while planning target volume prophylactic was delivered 54 Gy using the simultaneous integrated boost technique. Results: The median follow-up period among the surviving patients was 40 months (range, 13-96). There were 76 males and 17 females with a median age of 60 years (range, 34-80). The disease was Stage II in 13%, Stage III in 10% and Stage IV in 77% of patients. Ninety-two patients received chemotherapy (99%); 68 patients received induction chemotherapy (73%), while 21 received concurrent chemotherapy (23%). The 3-year overall survival, progression-free survival and locoregional control rates were 80, 68 and 79%, respectively. Multivariate analysis identified an advanced T-category (T3-4), having double cancer, and smoking habit as significantly unfavorable factors for overall survival, progression-free survival and both progression-free survival and locoregional control, respectively. Only two patients who achieved disease control required percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy tubes in the last follow-up. The rate of Grade 2 xerostomia at 2 years was 23%. Conclusions: Intensity-modulated radiotherapy using helical tomotherapy for patients with oropharyngeal carcinoma provided not only sufficient efficacy, but also preserved parotid function.
    Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology 10/2015; DOI:10.1093/jjco/hyv157
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: A common clinicopathological factor except for T stage that could significantly influence the clinical outcome of advanced node-negative gastric cancer patients following radical gastrectomy was unknown. This study was designed to investigate the clinicopathological characteristics of these patients, and to evaluate the outcome indicators and improve the risk stratification. Methods: A total of 195 patients harboring advanced gastric adenocarcinoma with no lymph node and distant metastases and following radical gastrectomy were retrospectively analyzed from the prospectively collected database of Zhongshan Hospital of Fudan University between 2006 and 2010. Results: The 3-year and 5-year overall survival rates of this study population were 85.0 and 69.6%. Factors influencing the overall survival were the degree of tumor differentiation, the depth of invasion and the number of lymph nodes resected (LN, cutoff = 18). Lymph node was recognized as an independent prognostic factor for overall survival of advanced node-negative gastric cancer patients, and the prognosis of the patients with greater number of lymph nodes resected (LN ≥ 18) was significantly better than those with lymph node < 18, and only the patients with T3/T4 stage could be significantly stratified by lymph node. Based on this condition, a new staging system named tumor-node-metastasis staging system for T3/T4 node-negative gastric cancer was constructed, which could have statistically different overall survival between subgroups. Conclusions: Lymph node was an independent prognostic factor of patients with advanced node-negative gastric cancer, and retrieval of more than 18 lymph nodes should be warranted. In addition, these patients with lesser number of lymph nodes resected might need aggressive postoperative treatment and closer follow-up.
    Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology 10/2015; DOI:10.1093/jjco/hyv159
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: Epidemiological studies have reported an inconsistent association between obesity and ovarian cancer. To update the current knowledge of and further qualify the association between overweight, obesity and ovarian cancer risk, we conducted a meta-analysis of published observational studies. Methods: Using the PubMed, MEDLINE and EMBASE databases, we performed a literature search of all of the case-control and cohort studies published as original articles in English before March 2015. We included 26 observational studies, of which 13 were case-control studies (7782 cases and 21 854 controls) and 13 were cohort studies (5181 cases). Fixed- and random-effects models were used to compute summary estimates and the corresponding 95% confidence intervals. Subgroup analyses were also performed. Results: The pooled relative risk for overweight and obesity compared with normal weight (body mass index = 18.5-24.9 kg/m(2)) was 1.07 (95% confidence interval: 1.02-1.12) and 1.28 (95% confidence interval: 1.16-1.41), respectively. In subgroup analyses, we found that overweight/obesity increased the risk of ovarian cancer in most groups, except for the postmenopausal group (overweight: pooled relative risk = 0.97, 95% confidence interval: 0.76-1.24; obesity: pooled relative risk = 0.93, 95% confidence interval: 0.61-1.42). There was no evidence of publication bias. Conclusions: Increased body weight was associated with an increased risk of ovarian cancer; in particular, severe obesity demonstrated a stronger risk effect. No statistically significant association was observed in the postmenopausal period, but was in the premenopausal period.
    Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology 10/2015; DOI:10.1093/jjco/hyv150
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    ABSTRACT: We reported an 81-year-old woman with metastatic melanoma, in whom myasthenia gravis and rhabdomyolysis developed after nivolumab monotherapy. The first symptom of myasthenia gravis was dyspnea. Ultrasonography detected hypokinesis of the bilateral diaphragm suggesting myasthenia gravis, although there was no abnormal finding of the lungs in computed tomography images. Acetylcholine receptor binding antibodies were low-titer positive in the preserved serum before administration of nivolumab, strongly suggesting that the myasthenia gravis was a nivolumab-related immune adverse event. Despite the remarkable clinical benefits of immune checkpoint inhibitors for patients with advanced melanoma, it is important to recognize unexpected immune-related adverse events.
    Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology 10/2015; DOI:10.1093/jjco/hyv158
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To estimate selective neck irradiation omitting surgical Sublevel IIb. Methods: Bilateral necks of 47 patients (94 necks) were subjected to definitive radiotherapy for supraglottic cancer. Sixty-nine and 25 necks were clinically node negative (cN-) and clinically node positive (cN+), respectively. We subdivided Sublevel IIb by the international consensus guideline for radiotherapy into Sublevel IIb/a, directly posterior to the internal jugular vein, and Sublevel IIb/b, which was behind Sublevel IIb/a and coincided with surgical Sublevel IIb. Bilateral (Sub)levels IIa, III, IV and IIb/a were routinely irradiated, whereas Sublevel IIb/b was omitted from the elective clinical target volume in 73/94 treated necks (78%). Results: Two patients presented with ipsilateral Sublevel IIb/a metastases. No Sublevel IIb/b metastasis was observed. Five patients experienced cervical lymph node recurrence; Sublevel IIb/a recurrence developed in two patients, whereas no Sublevel IIb/b recurrence occurred even in the cN- necks of cN+ patients or cN0 patients. The 5-year regional control rates were 91.5% for Sublevel IIb/b-omitted patients and 77.8% for Sublevel IIb/b treated patients. Conclusions: Selective neck irradiation omitting Sublevel IIb/b did not compromise regional control and could be indicated for cN- neck of supraglottic cancer.
    Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology 10/2015; DOI:10.1093/jjco/hyv156
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    ABSTRACT: Biological markers for breast cancer are biomolecules that result from cancer-related processes and are associated with particular clinical outcomes; they thus help predict responses to therapy. In recent years, gene expression profiling has made the molecular classification of breast cancer possible. Classification of breast cancer by immunohistochemical expression of estrogen receptor, progesterone receptor, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 and Ki-67 is standard practice for clinical decision-making. Assessments of hormone receptor expression and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 overexpression help estimate benefits from targeted therapies and have greatly improved prognoses for women with these breast cancer types. Although Ki-67 positivity is associated with an adverse outcome, its clear identification is an aid to optimal disease management. Standardization of testing methodology to minimize inter-laboratory measurement variations is a remaining issue. Multi-gene assays provide prognostic information and identify those most likely to benefit from systemic chemotherapy. Incorporating molecular profiles with conventional pathological classification would be more precise, and could enhance the clinical development of personalized therapy in breast cancer.
    Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology 10/2015; DOI:10.1093/jjco/hyv153
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    ABSTRACT: Cellular proliferation is tightly controlled by several cell-cycle checkpoint proteins. In cancer, the genes encoding these proteins are often disrupted and cause unrestrained cancer growth. The proteins are over-expressed in many malignancies; thus, they are potential targets for anti-cancer therapies. These proteins include cyclin-dependent kinase, checkpoint kinase, WEE1 kinase, aurora kinase and polo-like kinase. Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors are the most advanced cell-cycle checkpoint therapeutics available. For instance, palbociclib (PD0332991) is a first-in-class, oral, highly selective inhibitor of CDK4/6 and, in combination with letrozole (Phase II; PALOMA-1) or with fulvestrant (Phase III; PALOMA-3), it has significantly prolonged progression-free survival, in patients with metastatic estrogen receptor-positive, HER2-negative breast cancer, in comparison with that observed in patients using letrozole, or fulvestrant alone, respectively. In this review, we provide an overview of the current compounds available for cell-cycle checkpoint protein-directed therapy for solid tumors.
    Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology 10/2015; DOI:10.1093/jjco/hyv131
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    ABSTRACT: Intra-arterial chemotherapy has been used to treat localized malignant neoplasms in patients with head and neck cancer for over 50 years as the head and neck region is particularly well suited to regional chemotherapy. Early intra-arterial chemotherapy did not prove its efficacy. In addition, the additional complications associated with establishing and maintaining arterial access have further dampened enthusiasm for this approach. Subsequent significant advances in vascular radiology techniques and the development of new devices, such as fluoroscopy units and angiographic catheters, have made possible safe, accurate and repeated superselective intra-arterial chemotherapy. Intra-arterial infusion of high-dose cisplatin with systemic neutralization by intravenous sodium thiosulfate (RADPLAT) is a theoretically attractive approach to the treatment of advanced head and neck cancer. However, a Dutch trial comparing intra-arterial and intravenous chemoradiotherapy for advanced head and neck cancer showed that RADPLAT was not superior to intravenous chemoradiotherapy. Therefore, further investigation of RADPLAT, including the refinement of the indications for its application, is needed.
    Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology 10/2015; DOI:10.1093/jjco/hyv151
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: Leuprorelin acetate (TAP-144-SR) is commonly used worldwide in prostate cancer patients. This study was conducted to assess the non-inferiority of a 6-month depot formulation of TAP-144-SR (TAP-144-SR [6M]) 22.5 mg to a 3-month depot formulation of TAP-144-SR (TAP-144-SR [3M]) 11.25 mg in prostate cancer patients in Japan. Methods: This was a 48-week Phase III, open-label, parallel-group comparative study. TAP-144-SR (6M) 22.5 mg (6M group) and TAP-144-SR (3M) 11.25 mg (3M group) were administered to 81 and 79 subjects, respectively. The primary endpoint was the rate of serum testosterone suppression to the castrate level (≤100 ng/dl). Results: Serum testosterone of all subjects excluding one subject in the 3M group was suppressed to the castrate level throughout 48 weeks. The estimated between-group difference (6M group - 3M group) in suppression rate was 1.3% (95% confidence interval: -3.4, 6.8), and its lower confidence interval was more than -10% of the pre-determined allowable limit value to judge the non-inferiority. The prostate-specific antigen concentrations were stable throughout the study in both groups. Progressive disease in the best overall response based on the Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors was 0.0% for the 6M group and 2.6% for the 3M group. Adverse events occurred in 92.6% in the 6M group and 89.9% in the 3M group. Adverse events leading to discontinuation were reported in 2.5% in the 6M group and 3.8% in the 3M group. Conclusions: TAP-144-SR (6M) was not inferior to TAP-144-SR (3M) for the suppressive effect on serum testosterone level. TAP-144-SR (6M) was also as well tolerated as TAP-144-SR (3M).
    Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology 10/2015; 45(12). DOI:10.1093/jjco/hyv149
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    ABSTRACT: In Hong Kong, urological malignancy accounted for 9.55% of all the new cases of cancer in 2012. In the male population, prostate cancer was the third most commonly diagnosed cancer, and the fifth leading cause of cancer death. Age-standardized rate of prostate cancer incidence rose from 11.5 per 100 000 men in 1992 to 28.5 per 100 000 men in 2012. On the other hand, age-standardized rate of bladder cancer incidence dropped from 6.4 per 100 000 in 2003 to 3.0 per 100 000 in 2012. The incidence of kidney cancer remained stable in recent years, with an age-standardized rate of 4.8 per 100 000 in 2012. The introduction of the robotic surgical system has made robotic-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy the most common mode of surgical treatment for prostate cancer in Hong Kong. Robotic-assisted laparoscopic radical cystectomy and robotic-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy have been gaining popularity in the locality. Minimal-invasive surgical techniques as well as different systemic therapies have led to revolutionary changes in the urology community in Hong Kong. The existing territory-wide surveillance of cancer incidence and mortality trends continue to provide us with clues to aetiology and the effects of improved diagnostic and treatment techniques.
    Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology 10/2015; 45(12). DOI:10.1093/jjco/hyv145
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To evaluate the association of molecular markers and conventional clinicopathological factors with bladder tumour recurrence in patients with primary upper tract urothelial carcinoma after radical nephroureterectomy. Methods: The expressions of Ki-67 and P53 were measured by immunohistochemical staining prospectively in 115 consecutive patients with primary upper tract urothelial carcinoma from March 2004 to February 2014. The Cox proportional hazards regression model was used to identify independent predictors. The association between Ki-67 expression and clinicopathological variables was assessed by the χ(2) test. Results: Intravesical recurrence occurred in 13 out of 115 (11.3%) patients with a mean follow-up of 54.2 months (range: 7-130). Low-level Ki-67 expression (P = 0.010), older age (>65, P = 0.040) and lower ureter tumour (P = 0.001) were independent predictors of bladder tumour recurrence in Cox regression analysis. Ki-67 expression was elevated with the progression of tumour grade (P = 0.004) but not with stage (P = 0.186). Ki-67 overexpression was also significantly higher in aggressive pathological types (P = 0.008), but only shows an inclination towards poor oncologic outcomes in the cancer-specific survival rate (P = 0.107) and the overall survival rate (P = 0.063). Conclusions: Low-level Ki-67 expression was an independent predictor for bladder tumour recurrence, while Ki-67 overexpression was associated with adverse clinicopathological parameters and poor prognosis in patients with primary upper tract urothelial carcinoma after radical nephroureterectomy.
    Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology 10/2015; DOI:10.1093/jjco/hyv139