Disability and Rehabilitation (Disabil Rehabil)

Publisher: International Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Informa Healthcare

Journal description

Disability and Rehabilitation is an international, multidisciplinary journal which seeks to encourage a better understanding of all aspects of disability, and to promote the rehabilitation process. The journal publishes review articles, experimental and clinical research papers, case studies, clinical commentaries, reports on rehabilitation in practice, rehabilitation engineering and major book reviews, spanning a range of issues including the severity and magnitude of disability, clinical medicine including gerontology, psychosocial adjustment, social policy issues, vocational and educational training, and rehabilitation engineering. Occasional special issues on specific themes of interest to the journalís readership are published.

Current impact factor: 1.84

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2015
2013 / 2014 Impact Factor 1.837
2012 Impact Factor 1.541
2011 Impact Factor 1.498
2010 Impact Factor 1.489
2009 Impact Factor 1.555
2008 Impact Factor 1.395
2007 Impact Factor 1.414
2006 Impact Factor 1.164
2005 Impact Factor 0.988
2004 Impact Factor 1.144
2003 Impact Factor 1.053
2002 Impact Factor 0.889
2001 Impact Factor 0.683
2000 Impact Factor 0.535
1999 Impact Factor 0.559

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 1.83
Cited half-life 6.20
Immediacy index 0.24
Eigenfactor 0.01
Article influence 0.49
Website Disability & Rehabilitation website
Other titles Disability and rehabilitation (Online), Disability & rehabilitation, Journal of disability and rehabilitation
ISSN 1464-5165
OCLC 41393353
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Informa Healthcare

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author cannot archive a post-print version
  • Restrictions
    • 12 months embargo
  • Conditions
    • On author's personal website or institution website
    • Publisher copyright and source must be acknowledged
    • On a non-profit server
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • NIH funded authors may post articles to PubMed Central for release 12 months after publication
    • Wellcome Trust authors may deposit in Europe PMC after 6 months
  • Classification
    ​ yellow

Publications in this journal

  • James N Laditka, Sarah B Laditka
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    ABSTRACT: To estimate associations of eight common health conditions with life expectancy (LE) and disabled life expectancy (DLE), the percentage of life disabled in an activity of daily living. Data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics represented Americans ages 55+ (1999-2011, n = 2118, mean baseline age 63.3, 19 447 person-years). We estimated probabilities of death and disability with multinomial logistic Markov models adjusted for age, sex, race/ethnicity and education. We used the probabilities to create large populations with microsimulations, each individual having a known monthly disability status, age 55 through death. We calculated LE and DLE for the populations, repeating each microsimulation 100 times for confidence intervals. Nearly half (48.8%) of the participants had two or more conditions, 24.7% had three or more, 11.5% had four or more. Having any one condition significantly reduced LE. For example, white women lived to age 87.3 (95% confidence interval 86.5-88.1) with no conditions, 75.8 (70.9-80.7) with heart disease. Multiple conditions did not further reduce LE but often increased DLE, which for white women was 12.2% (11.1-13.2) with no conditions, 39.1% (28.3-49.8) with heart disease and 47.0% (46.9-47.1) with heart disease, diabetes and hypertension. The increasing prevalence of multiple chronic conditions may substantially increase disability. Implications for Rehabilitation The growing number of individuals with multiple chronic conditions will greatly increase the prevalence of disability in later life. It is important for rehabilitation science, practice and policy to address this emerging epidemiological transition. Rehabilitation is especially important for people with pre-diabetes, developing heart disease or early stages of other cardiovascular-related diseases as avoiding the development of multiple chronic diseases through increased activity may greatly reduce disability and mortality.
    Disability and Rehabilitation 05/2015; DOI:10.3109/09638288.2015.1041614
  • Lorna Paul, Stephen Brewster, Sally Wyke, Jason M R Gill, Gillian Alexander, Aleksandra Dybus, Danny Rafferty
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    ABSTRACT: To measure and compare physical activity profiles and sedentary time between community dwelling stroke survivors and healthy volunteers. Twenty-two stroke survivors (10 men, age 55.3 ± 9.9 years; 4.2 ± 4.0 years since their stroke) were recruited from local stroke support groups, and 22 controls were matched for sex, age and body mass index (BMI). All participants wore an ActivPAL™ physical activity monitor for seven days and from these data activity profiles, including the number of steps per day, time spent sedentary and time in different cadence bands, were recorded. Stroke survivors took significantly fewer steps per day than the controls (4035 ± 2830 steps/day versus 8394 ± 2941 steps/day, p < 0.001) and sedentary time (including sleep time) was significantly higher for stroke participants compared to the controls (20.4 ± 2.7 h versus 17.5 ± 3.8 h, p < 0.001). People with stroke spent a significantly higher proportion of their walking time in lower self-selected cadences compared to the controls. Community dwelling stroke survivors spent more time sedentary, took fewer steps and walked at a slower self-selected cadence. Interventions to increase walking and reduce sedentary time following stroke are required which may have the added benefit of reducing cardiovascular risk in this group. Implications for Rehabilitation Stroke survivors are predisposed to reduced physical activity and increased cardiovascular risk. This study showed that community dwelling stroke survivors spent more time sedentary, took fewer steps and walked at a slower self-selected cadence. Interventions are required which focus on reducing sedentary time as well as increasing step counts in people following stroke.
    Disability and Rehabilitation 05/2015; DOI:10.3109/09638288.2015.1041615
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    ABSTRACT: The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) Core Set for Vocational Rehabilitation is an application of the ICF of the World Health Organization with the purpose of identifying problems and resources relevant for people in a vocational rehabilitation given a health condition. The objective of the study was to validate the Comprehensive ICF Core Set for Vocational Rehabilitation from the perspective of patients with spinal cord injury (SCI). The specific aims were to explore the aspects of functioning and health important to patients with SCI regarding return to work and to examine to what extent these aspects are represented by the current version of the Comprehensive ICF Core Set for Vocational Rehabilitation. Focus group interviews were conducted. The sampling of patients followed the maximum variation strategy. Sample size satisfied saturation criterion. The focus groups were digitally recorded and transcribed verbatim. The meaning condensation procedure was used for the data analysis. After qualitative data analysis, the resulting concepts were linked to ICF categories according to established linking rules. Twenty-four SCI patients participated in seven focus groups. Sixty-three ICF categories out of 90 ICF categories contained in the Comprehensive ICF Core Set for Vocational Rehabilitation were reported by the patients. Forty-two additional categories that are not covered in the Comprehensive ICF Core Set for Vocational Rehabilitation were found but adding the health condition-specific ICF Core Set for SCI in long-term context, only 11 categories were not covered. The existing version of the Comprehensive ICF Core Set for Vocational Rehabilitation was confirmed almost entirely by the focus groups to explore the vocational situation of patients with SCI. Implications for Rehabilitation Validation of the ICF Core Set for Vocational Rehabilitation as a useful tool to facilitate social reintegration and rehabilitation of patients with SCI. Return to work is a key outcome in vocational rehabilitation of patients with SCI including those who are young with long-term employment prospects. The results of this study could provide a foundation in utilizing the ICF Core Set for Vocational Rehabilitation to guide rehabilitation goals, service planning and evaluation, and fostering an engaging relationship with employers in the context of SCI rehabilitation. SCI patients have specific needs, not entirely covered by the both ICF Core Set for SCI long-term context and for Vocational Rehabilitation. Our results underline some of the second level categories, probably related to specific SCI impairment, which can be useful to plan specific rehabilitation programs to improve the return to work after SCI.
    Disability and Rehabilitation 04/2015; DOI:10.3109/09638288.2015.1041611
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    ABSTRACT: Lack of time, competencies, resources and supports are documented as barriers to evidence-based practice (EBP). This paper introduces a recently developed web-based toolkit designed to assist interprofessional clinicians in implementing EBP within a paediatric rehabilitation setting. EBP theory, models, frameworks and tools were applied or adapted in the development of the online resources, which formed the basis of a larger support strategy incorporating interactive workshops, knowledge broker facilitation and mentoring. The highly accessed toolkit contains flowcharts with embedded information sheets, resources and templates to streamline, quantify and document outcomes throughout the EBP process. Case examples relevance to occupational therapy and physical therapy highlight the utility and application of the toolkit in a clinical paediatric setting. Workshops were highly rated by learners for clinical relevance, presentation level and effectiveness. Eight evidence syntheses have been created and 79 interventions have been evaluated since the strategy's inception in January 2011. The toolkit resources streamlined and supported EBP processes, promoting consistency in quality and presentation of outputs. The online toolkit can be a useful tool to facilitate clinicians' use of EBP in order to meet the needs of the clients and families whom they support. Implications for Rehabilitation A comprehensive online EBP toolkit for interprofessional clinicians is available to streamline the EBP process and to support learning needs regardless of competency level. Multi-method facilitation support, including interactive education, e-learning, clinical librarian services and knowledge brokering, is a valued but cost-restrictive supplement to the implementation of online EBP resources. EBP resources are not one-size-fits-all; targeted appraisal tools, models and frameworks may be integrated to improve their utility for specific sectors, which may limit them for others.
    Disability and Rehabilitation 04/2015; DOI:10.3109/09638288.2015.1041616
  • Disability and Rehabilitation 04/2015; DOI:10.3109/09638288.2014.946156.
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    ABSTRACT: The present purpose was to explore patients' and involved physicians' needs and requests for improving their management of neuropathic pain following spinal cord injury (SCI). Sixteen patients with SCI and neuropathic pain, and nine physicians, were interviewed in focus-groups or individual interviews. An emergent design was used and the interviews and analyses were carried out in parallel, making it possible to use and deepen new emerging knowledge. The interviews were transcribed verbatim and processed according to content analysis. A final model with four themes described the results. Three themes covered the current situation: limitations in structure, lack of knowledge and competence, and frustrations. A fourth theme, needs and requests, described suggestions by patients and physicians for future improvements. Suggestions included increased participation, increased patient involvement in the pain rehabilitation process, support in the process of learning to live with pain, implementation of multi-modal pain rehabilitation, and the use of complementary treatments for neuropathic pain. Neuropathic pain following SCI needs to be assessed and treated using a structured, inter-disciplinary, multi-modal rehabilitation approach involving patients in planning and decision-making. Implications for Rehabilitation For improving SCI neuropathic pain management, there is a great need for individually-tailored management, planned in a dialogue on equal terms between health care and the patient. Patients desire continuity and regularity and the possibility of receiving complementary treatments for SCI neuropathic pain. Access to structured pain rehabilitation is needed. Support and tools need to be provided in the learning-to-live with pain process.
    Disability and Rehabilitation 04/2015; DOI:10.3109/09638288.2015.1035456
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the conformity of the Arm Activity measure (ArmA) passive function sub-scale to the Rasch model. A consecutive cohort of patients (n = 92) undergoing rehabilitation, including upper limb rehabilitation and spasticity management, at two specialist rehabilitation units were included. Rasch analysis was used to examine scaling and conformity to the model. Responses were analysed using Rasch unidimensional measurement models (RUMM 2030). The following aspects were considered: overall model and individual item fit statistics and fit residuals, internal reliability, item response threshold ordering, item bias, local dependency and unidimensionality. ArmA contains both active and passive function sub-scales, but in this analysis only the passive function sub-scale was considered. Four of the seven items in the ArmA passive function sub-scale initially had disordered thresholds. These items were rescored to four response options, which resulted in ordered thresholds for all items. Once the items with disordered thresholds had been rescored, item bias was not identified for age, global disability level or diagnosis, but with a small difference in difficulty between males and females for one item of the scale. Local dependency was not observed and the unidimensionality of the sub-scale was supported and good fit to the Rasch model was identified. The person separation index (PSI) was 0.95 indicating that the scale is able to reliably differentiate at least two groups of patients. The ArmA passive function sub-scale was shown in this evaluation to conform to the Rasch model once disordered thresholds had been addressed. Using the logit scores produced by the Rasch model it was possible to convert this back to the original scale range. Implications for Rehabilitation The ArmA passive function sub-scale was shown, in this evaluation, to conform to the Rasch model once disordered thresholds had been addressed and therefore to be a clinically applicable and potentially useful hierarchical measure. Using Rasch logit scores it has be possible to convert back to the original ordinal scale range and provide an indication of real change to enable evaluation of clinical outcome of importance to patients and clinicians.
    Disability and Rehabilitation 04/2015; DOI:10.3109/09638288.2015.1041613
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    ABSTRACT: To explore the circumstances surrounding the onset of stroke, and especially the symbolic meaning of time factors related to numbers and days of the week. Phenomenological qualitative study involving individual interviews conducted 5-8 weeks post-stroke. The audiotaped interviews were transcribed, then comprehensively coded by two team members, and summaries of each case were written. Since this was a secondary analysis, special attention was paid to the significance of themes, numbers and days of the week when analyzing the summaries and transcripts. Interviews were conducted with 37 participants (mean age 56.3 ± 11.9 years, 60% male). Five themes were identified with respect to the meaning attributed to numbers: (1) personal events, (2) historical events, (3) annual events, (4) age, and (5) avoidance. Themes identified as being associated with days of the week were work, leisure activities, household chores and medical tests/appointments. The impact of internalised emotions related to these perceptions can be quite significant. This study suggests that health professionals should personalise the secondary prevention of strokes by considering clients holistically and also give clients the opportunity to freely express their feelings about the meaning of time factors to foster awareness of their own perceptions. Implications for Rehabilitation The use of checklists only for stroke secondary prevention does not allow taking into account psychosocial factors as potential precipitating factors. An open dialogue about personal circumstances starting on the date and day the stroke happened enabled the emergence of meaningful themes. As relationships emerged as the overarching essential theme, quality of relationships could be addressed in rehabilitation post-stroke and thus potentially contribute to prevent stroke recurrence.
    Disability and Rehabilitation 04/2015; DOI:10.3109/09638288.2015.1038366
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    ABSTRACT: The National Health Service in Scotland published a best practice framework to support occupational therapists and physiotherapists to deliver effective services for children with developmental co-ordination disorder (DCD); however, adherence is variable. To highlight areas for development, this study compared the care pathway within a paediatric DCD service against the NHS Scotland framework. A partnership of researchers and clinicians based in the United Kingdom conducted a qualitative study with 37 participants (N = 13 interview participants, N = 24 workshop participants). In-depth interviews and/or workshops were used to map the DCD service against the NHS framework. Identified gaps were aligned with four key stages of the care pathway. Qualitative analysis software was used to analyse the data. Core principles to guide future development were identified for each phase of the pathway. These core principles related to the NHS framework and focused on issues such as involving the family, defining clear pathways and enhancing children's participation. Participants identified potential strategies for service improvement such as developing community-based interventions and information provision. Challenges when providing services for children with DCD include confusing service pathways and poor partnership working. It is, therefore, important that clinicians utilise collaborative working strategies that support children's participation. Implications for Rehabilitation There are numerous challenges related to the implementation of best practice principles into the provision of therapy services for children with developmental coordination disorder (DCD). It is important that AHPs seek ways of engaging parents and educational professionals at all stages of the care pathway in order to ensure optimum service provision for the child. Addressing participation is an important aspect and community-based strategies may be particularly beneficial, both as a preventative activity and as an intervention approach.
    Disability and Rehabilitation 04/2015; DOI:10.3109/09638288.2015.1037464
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    ABSTRACT: Severe pain, anxiety, depression, and fear-avoidance belief (FAB) are widespread among patients hospitalised for acute low back pain (LBP). Research shows that these psychological factors impact negatively on rehabilitation. This study aimed to investigate and develop an understanding of pain in patients with fear avoidance belief hospitalised for LBP. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with nine patients selected by an FAB questionnaire: averaged FAB - physical activity score was 21 and FAB - work score was 30. All participants were recruited from a rheumatology ward. Analyses were based on the content analysis. The analysis revealed two main categories: (1) back history until the pain became dominant, demonstrating the importance of the LBP histories before admission to hospital. (2) Being in a universe of pain verified, the severe pain expressed through metaphors and a need to be involved in the rehabilitation. During interviews, the participants did not indicate high FAB behaviour. Despite high scores, the FAB questionnaire might not be sufficient to detect FAB in patients hospitalised for acute LBP. It is important to include the deeper meaning of metaphors and the personal story behind the expression of pain as a way of understanding each individual with LBP. Implications for Rehabilitation FAB questionnaire is not sufficient either to detect fear avoidance in LBP patients hospitalised with acute conditions or to catch the complexities of individual pain experiences. It seems essential for health care professionals (HCP) to involve the patient in their treatment and development of a rehabilitation plan based on their individual histories and concerns about the future. The metaphors expressed are a way for HCPs to gain insight into the psychological aspect of pain for the individual patient.
    Disability and Rehabilitation 04/2015; DOI:10.3109/09638288.2015.1037465
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    ABSTRACT: There is widespread acceptance that patients demonstrating neglect/hemi-inattention (HI) following right hemisphere stroke (RHS) underachieve functionally compared to their counterparts without neglect. However, empirical evidence for this view needs examination. The purpose of this review is to critically appraise relevant studies that compared outcomes from RHS patients with/without hemi-attention and suggest more robust follow-up research. Twelve studies published in 1995-2013 were critically reviewed. Two independent reviewers appraised design features including sample representation, assessment and data analysis methods. Strengths and limitations were highlighted. Results were largely inconsistent. Considerable heterogeneity within patient groups and across studies complicated interpretation. Evidence suggested average group disparity in scores between patients with and without HI at discharge but the cause of functional disparity could not be attributed specifically to HI from the data and modelling results available. The relationship between HI status and functional recovery warrants further investigation in studies with stronger methodology to ensure rigour and robustness in the results. Pending further research, HI status should not be regarded as a key predictor of functional recovery or rehabilitation potential in patients with RHSs. This group should continue to receive appropriate therapeutic intervention aimed at maximising their functional recovery post-stroke. Implications for Rehabilitation Findings from this review demonstrate a paucity of evidence to support the presence of hemi-inattention as a key predictor of functional recovery in patients with right hemisphere stroke; as such, practitioners should take this into consideration when planning rehabilitation programmes of their patients. In the initial months following right hemisphere stroke, there are wide-ranging differences in the rate and amount of functional recovery in patients, with and without hemi-inattention. Practitioners should not limit the aspirations of their patients based on the presence or absence of hemi-inattention. This review has identified a number of measurement limitations in commonly employed assessment tools for hemi-inattention and overall functional recovery. As such, practitioners should take the limitations of specific measures into account when interpreting the results contextually and with respect to their patients' situation.
    Disability and Rehabilitation 04/2015; DOI:10.3109/09638288.2015.1037865
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    ABSTRACT: To translate and cross-culturally adapt the Functional Independence Measure (FIM) into the Persian language and to test the reliability and validity of the Persian FIM (PFIM) in patients with stroke. In this cross-sectional study carried out in an outpatient stroke rehabilitation center, 40 patients with stroke (mean age 60 years) were participated. A standard forward-backward translation method and expert panel validation was followed to develop the PFIM. Two experienced occupational therapists (OTs) assessed the patients independently in all items of the PFIM in a single session for inter-rater reliability. One of the OTs reassessed the patients after 1 week for intra-rater reliability. There were no floor or ceiling effects for the PFIM. Excellent inter-rater and intra-rater reliability was noted for the PFIM total score, motor and cognitive subscales (ICCagreement 0.88-0.98). According to the Bland-Altman agreement analysis, there was no systematic bias between raters and within raters. The internal consistency of the PFIM was with Cronbach's alpha from 0.70 to 0.96. The principal component analysis with varimax rotation indicated a three-factor structure: (1) self-care and mobility; (2) sphincter control and (3) cognitive that jointly accounted for 74.8% of the total variance. Construct validity was supported by a significant Pearson correlation between the PFIM and the Persian Barthel Index (r = 0.95; p < 0.001). The PFIM is a highly reliable and valid instrument for measuring functional status of Persian patients with stroke. Implications for Rehabilitation The Functional Independence Measure (FIM) is an outcome measure for disability based on the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). The FIM was cross-culturally adapted and validated into Persian language. The Persian version of the FIM (PFIM) is reliable and valid for assessing functional status of patients with stroke. The PFIM can be used in Persian speaking countries to assess the limitations in activities of daily living of patients with stroke.
    Disability and Rehabilitation 04/2015; DOI:10.3109/09638288.2015.1036173
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    ABSTRACT: Cancer-related cognitive dysfunction (CRCD) impacts memory, attention, concentration, language, multi-tasking, and organizational skills and decreases participation and quality of life for cancer survivors. The objectives of this article are: (1) to outline the neuroscience of CRCD, its risk factors, and its effect on participation; and (2) to identify and summarize the literature on rehabilitation interventions and coping techniques for CRCD in cancer survivors. A scoping review of articles cited in PubMed, MEDLINE, PsychINFO, and CINAHL was performed. To be included, articles must have been published in a peer-reviewed scientific journal between 1996 and 2014, written in English, and included a quantitative or qualitative non-pharmacological study of interventions and/or coping strategies for adult cancer survivors experiencing CRCD. Ten articles met the inclusion criteria for final review. Six studies tested the efficacy of rehabilitation treatments on CRCD. Three involved cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), while three tested neuropsychological and/or cognitive training interventions. Four qualitative studies investigated coping strategies used by survivors with CRCD. CBT-based treatments and neuropsychological/cognitive training methods may ameliorate symptoms of CRCD. The most commonly-reported coping strategy is utilization of assistive technology and memory aids. Further research is needed about efficacious rehabilitation techniques for this population. Implications for Rehabilitation Cancer-related cognitive dysfunction (CRCD) may impact up to 50% of cancer survivors. CRCD can significantly decrease participation and quality of life during survivorship. Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and neuropsychological/cognitive training methods may ameliorate symptoms of CRCD. The most common coping strategy reported by cancer survivors with CRCD is the use of assistive technology and memory aids.
    Disability and Rehabilitation 04/2015; DOI:10.3109/09638288.2015.1038364
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to determine whether different initiation of exercise training (ET) produces different effect sizes for left ventricular (LV) remodeling and cardiopulmonary rehabilitation in patients with LV dysfunction after myocardial infarction (MI). Trials evaluating ET outcomes identified by searches in OVID MEDLINE, EMBASE, PubMed and WEB OF SCIENCE were used. Meta-analysis was conducted with the use of the software STATA 11.0. The results were expressed as the standardized mean difference (SMD), with corresponding 95% CI and p value. The largest changes in LV remodeling and cardiopulmonary capacity rehabilitation were obtained when programs began the acute phase after MI. With the healing of MI, the beneficial effects of ET on LV ejection fraction (LVEF), LV end-systolic diameter (LVDs) and peak VO2 were gradually weakened even worse. The incidence of major adverse cardiac events was not significantly increased in acute phase post-MI. Sensitivity analyses show that ET still had significant effect in reducing LVDs and increasing peak VO2, while ET no longer had statistical effect in increasing LVEF but showed favorable trends when the same research institution's works were excluded. ET has favorable effects on LV remodeling and cardiopulmonary rehabilitation in LV dysfunction post-MI patients. The greatest benefits are obtained when ET starts at the acute phase following MI. Implications for Rehabilitation Early exercise training is safe and feasible in acute and healing phase after myocardial infarction. Early exercise training could attenuate LV remodeling and improve cardiopulmonary capacity in patients with myocardial infarction after hospital discharge (around one week post-MI). Exercise training has favorable effects on LV remodeling and cardiopulmonary capacity rehabilitation. Exercise training should be treated to have the same roles with drugs in secondary prevention of myocardial infarction.
    Disability and Rehabilitation 04/2015; DOI:10.3109/09638288.2015.1036174