Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science (Theor Issues Ergon Sci )

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

Description

Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science stimulates and develops a theoretical basis for the science of ergonomics, and thus formulates a methodology for this modern discipline. The Journal is proactive in its mission to develop a unique science, and seeks to define ergonomics as distinct and inherently valuable for the global knowledge community. Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science provides an important forum for the presentation and debate of new ideas and thinking in this field. Whereas, other ergonomics publications have traditionally only responded to current needs and issues. Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science emphasizes new knowledge, publishing only original, high-quality, peer-reviewed papers. Topics will include both qualitative and quantitative methodological frameworks and theories of ergonomics. Reviews and commentaries are commissioned. The journal presents papers that discuss principles of the investigative process in ergonomics research, social and historical issues, and 'science of science' perspectives on ergonomics. It also publishes papers examining the discipline itself, including bibliographical analyses of classic papers. Unlike any other ergonomics journal published today, Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science focuses on a broad array of theoretical issues, methodology, and philosophical dialogues within the science of ergonomics.

  • Impact factor
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  • 5-year impact
    0.00
  • Cited half-life
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  • Immediacy index
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  • Eigenfactor
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  • Article influence
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  • Website
    Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science website
  • Other titles
    Theor. issues in ergon. sci
  • ISSN
    1463-922X
  • OCLC
    45789787
  • Material type
    Periodical, Internet resource
  • Document type
    Journal / Magazine / Newspaper, Internet Resource

Publisher details

Taylor & Francis

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author cannot archive a post-print version
  • Restrictions
    • 12 month embargo for STM, Behavioural Science and Public Health Journals
    • 18 month embargo for SSH journals
  • Conditions
    • Some individual journals may have policies prohibiting pre-print archiving
    • Pre-print on authors own website, Institutional or Subject Repository
    • Post-print on authors own website, Institutional or Subject Repository
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • On a non-profit server
    • Published source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Set statements to accompany deposits (see policy)
    • Publisher will deposit to PMC on behalf of NIH authors.
    • STM: Science, Technology and Medicine
    • SSH: Social Science and Humanities
    • 'Taylor & Francis (Psychology Press)' is an imprint of 'Taylor & Francis'
  • Classification
    ​ yellow

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: ‘Safety in design’ is becoming an increasingly used approach in a variety of domains. Also known as ‘safe design’ or ‘prevention through design’, the general process seeks to eliminate health and safety hazards, or minimise potential risks, by systematically involving end-users and decision makers in the full life cycle of the designed product or system. This article focuses on the need to better integrate human factors considerations within safe design for high-hazard industries. In particular, it describes the benefits of applying a task-based approach to assist design processes. By way of presenting a safe design method for equipment used in mining, it shows the need to obtain end-user input both to better reveal design deficiencies and to identify effective solutions for future equipment. Overall, a multidisciplinary framework is advocated, in particular by blending human factors techniques and structured risk management methods with the existing equipment design processes.
    Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science 01/2014; 15(3).
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    ABSTRACT: The operational control of complex systems such as power control and air traffic control is increasingly relegated to advanced technology devices with the expectation that operations controllers will maintain oversight of system and intervene where appropriate. Moreover, the centralisation of operations control has resulted in the oversight of systems remotely, typically through a human–machine interface. This article discusses the principles that underlie the design of interfaces for remote systems, drawing on theories of skill acquisition to address the needs of less experienced operators who are increasingly being engaged as operations controllers. Specifically, adaptive interfaces are advocated that are designed to facilitate the progression to expertise. Using cue utilisation as an underlying theoretical perspective, interfaces can be designed to extract and emphasise the relationship between features and events that eventually form the basis of the cues employed by expert practitioners.
    Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science 01/2014; 15(3).
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    ABSTRACT: Astronauts report certain experiences that can be classified as awe and wonder when looking out of their space station or shuttle portals at two different stimuli: the earth and deep space. Based on these reports, it was of interest to further investigate those types of experiences by using a mixed-reality environment resembling an International Space Station workstation designed to expose subjects to simulated stimuli of the earth and deep space. The study is multidisciplinary, involving simulation construction, physiological assessment, psychological testing, textual analysis, and phenomenological interviews. The goal was to induce in the average person the experiences and responses of the astronauts. Preliminary results show promise for using a virtual/mixed-reality environment in a laboratory when assessing cognitive/affective experiences, such as awe and wonder, found in a real-world context.
    Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science 01/2014; 15(4).
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    ABSTRACT: We present the psychological theory of action identification as a framework for a more in-depth understanding of a human operator's cognitive activity in the scope of cognitive engineering. A comparison of theoretical models and findings shows that both frameworks are founded on a similar theory of cognitive control based on an ontological viewpoint of means–ends relationships with the proposal that an individual mentally ‘navigates’ or ‘moves’ through a hierarchical arrangement of these relationships. However, whilst cognitive engineering begins the analysis from a viewpoint on affordances coming from the external work domain, the action identification theory starts from a viewpoint on action identities internally attributed to actions by individuals. We show that the conceptual articulation of these two approaches leads to confirming qualitative findings on an agent's cognitive activity and to proposing general cognitive principles that would explain a single agent's mental navigation through the abstraction hierarchy.
    Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science 01/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of the several studies reported here was to improve the lighting conditions at industrial visual testing and inspection workplaces beyond the specifications given in technical standards. In this context, special emphasis was laid on the examination of the effects of directional and diffuse lighting as well as of sample-specific lighting scenarios with respect to the ability to detect three-dimensional (3D) details. The sample-specific lighting scenarios were designed according to ergonomic principles and adapted to different material surfaces. Landolt rings of various sizes were laser-engraved on several surface types, which are representative of the surfaces encountered in industrial final inspection tasks. The sample surfaces were fixed in a special object mount, which allowed defined and reproducible test arrangements. In a first step, the luminance distribution on the samples and the contrast between the Landolt rings and the background of the samples were measured depending on different illumination types and inclinations of the surface types. Additionally, laboratory tests were carried out in which the test subjects’ visual acuity was measured while detecting 3D details (e.g. the Landolt rings) on the surfaces of different materials illuminated in different ways. It turned out that all results were strongly dependent on the inclination of the samples rather than on the lighting scenarios applied. In a further study, the time-related performance in detecting surface flaws on samples under different lighting scenarios was measured. For this purpose, the average error quota was assessed, i.e. the proportion of wrongly identified Landolt rings among the overall number of optotypes and the response time to the identification of a presented optotype were determined. Both parameters gave evidence of the long-term advantage of the ergonomic sample-specific lighting scenarios. In a last step, the various illuminations were evaluated through a structured interview of the test subjects. The subjective assessment of the illuminations also indicated a high dependency on the geometric arrangement between light source and the sample under examination. Especially, in the context of long-term inspections, the subjects preferred the sample-specific lighting scenarios. The diffuse lighting was also assessed predominantly and positively. The illumination with directional lighting and with the lighting according to technical standards was, mostly, rated disadvantageously.
    Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science 01/2013; 14(2).
  • Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science 01/2013;
  • Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science 01/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: We reconceptualised several problems concerning the measurement of cognitive workload – fixed versus variable limits on channel capacity, work volume versus time pressure, adaptive strategies, resources demanded by tasks when performed simultaneously, and unclear distinctions between workload and fatigue effects – as two cusp catastrophe models: buckling stress resulting from acute workload, and fatigue resulting from extended engagement. Experimental participants completed a task that was intensive on non-verbal episodic memory and had an automatically speeded component. For buckling stress, the epoch of maximum (speeded) performance was the asymmetry parameter; however, anxiety did not contribute to bifurcation as expected. For fatigue, the bifurcation factor was the total work accomplished, and arithmetic, a compensatory ability, was the asymmetry parameter; R 2 for the cusp models outperformed the linear comparison models in both cases. A research programme is outlined that revolves around the two models with different types of task and resource configurations.
    Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science 09/2012; 13(5):586-602.
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    ABSTRACT: This article provides a discussion of driver behaviour models. Based on a literature survey and using experimental driving simulator data, three types of driver behaviour models are evaluated: motivational models, adaptive control models and trait models. It is shown that motivational models are comprehensive but lack specificity. Many adaptive control models yield precise results but tend to be overly specific and psychologically implausible. Trait models have not been successful in the past and have been criticised for providing post hoc explanations and for the absence of a multifactorial structural approach. We demonstrate that if the right multivariate statistical techniques are used, trait models are suitable for the parsimonious modelling of predictive-valid driver characteristics, thereby taking an intermediate position on a dimension ranging from specific to unspecific models.
    Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science 09/2012; 13(5):528-545.
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    ABSTRACT: Over the past three decades, the concept of situation awareness (SA) has received significant attention in most safety critical domains. One notable omission is the area of road safety, where relatively little research has been conducted to date. This article presents a review of road transport-related SA research applications and discusses, from a theoretical and methodological viewpoint, issues requiring clarification in this context. In particular, we attempt to identify the most appropriate theoretical and methodological position in order to drive future road transport-related applications, and pinpoint key areas requiring investigation. We argue that the key to integrated solutions is to take a systems approach as advocated by protagonists of distributed SA, which considers infrastructure, road environment, vehicles and vehicle technology as well as pedestrians, drivers and vulnerable road users together. The implications of this for future research directions are then discussed and a series of key lines of future enquiry are articulated.
    Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science 07/2012; 13(4):472-492.
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    ABSTRACT: The objectives of this investigation are to: (1) present the structural anthropometric measurements of the Canadian adult male and female population in a manner that can be readily applied by designers and (2) clarify the fallacy of the ‘average person’ concept on the basis of the anthropometric data obtained from this research. The descriptive statistics of Canadian male and female anthropometric measurements are presented in terms of 5th, 50th and 95th percentiles and standard deviations, especially to facilitate the design of industrial workstations, equipment and tools. The fallacy of the ‘average person’ concept is that no one is average in all body dimensions and only a few persons in several dimensions. This was demonstrated in the body dimensions data obtained from this investigation. It was shown that body dimensions, expressed in percentile ranks, are not uniformly or constantly proportional to stature. A statistical test was performed to confirm this inference.
    Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science 05/2012; 13(3):380-392.
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    ABSTRACT: Humans experience emotional arousal, when threat to life and limb is imminent, such as in high stakes, emergency situations that occur in sociotechnical systems like fire fighting, aviation, combat, etc. Emotional arousal has both advantages and disadvantages. On the downside, it introduces perceptual distortions and biases and inability to process symbolic information and alters motor abilities. As emergency human–machine interfaces (HMIs) will be used to bring a system under control, i.e. to avoid or minimise losses, they should be designed to accommodate the human capacities that have been altered by danger-induced emotional arousal. A model called direct perception–action coupling (DPAC) that combines direct perception and embodied cognition, which is not predicated on higher cognitive functions, has been developed to describe the available capacities of an operator under stress. Finally, the conceptual application of human performance theories under stress, through the DPAC model, to design emergency HMIs is discussed with examples.
    Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science 05/2012; 13(3):358-379.
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    ABSTRACT: We investigated the emotional intent of car buyers and designers in two related studies. The first study involved 179 Asian and European car owners from 10 countries who were interviewed in a survey. The results showed that several car design descriptors gave similar emotional associations in Europe and in Asia. Clearly, car owners look beyond functionality to consider emotional design features. The affective descriptors of the Asian sample were used in a second study involving seven car designers from an automotive company in mainland China. They were instructed to include affective features in their design of a car dashboard after first designing without instructions to include those features. The designers had no previous experience of affective car design, but the results revealed emotional changes to their design. It can be concluded that car designers may need to learn how to include emotional design features as a design procedure.
    Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science 04/2012; 2012(pp. 1–20).
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    ABSTRACT: Multimedia has become a part of youngsters’ daily life, although the quality of the current products is not always satisfactory from an educational point of view. Sadly, many multimedia resources are not used as tools for socialising, transmitting knowledge and know-how for improving society. Thus, the aim of the research was highlighting the importance of the user-centred design for developing an educational information system, based on a computer game, for improving knowledge in the ergonomics and occupational safety and health for the children's domain.
    Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science 01/2012; 13(1):4-17.
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    ABSTRACT: Product manufacturers are looking for ways to design and refine their customisation offerings, based on knowledge of affective needs. One approach, CATER, has at its heart an ontology, which supports the exchange of data between the relevant sub-systems in a semantically meaningful manner. This article presents the ontology, specifically emphasising the role of Citarasa, product breakdown and customer selection history. It also presents the ontology development process, including a validation exercise, and discussion of the implications for affective customisation that emerge from the ontology and the development process. This includes issues of how generic an affective ontology can be, the importance of iteration in the customer selection and the functional component of affective requirements.
    Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science 01/2012; 13(4):393-410.

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