Planta Medica Journal Impact Factor & Information

Publisher: Gesellschaft für Arzneipflanzenforschung, Georg Thieme Verlag

Journal description

Current impact factor: 2.34

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2015
2013 / 2014 Impact Factor 2.339
2012 Impact Factor 2.348
2011 Impact Factor 2.153
2010 Impact Factor 2.369
2009 Impact Factor 2.037
2008 Impact Factor 1.96
2007 Impact Factor 1.848
2006 Impact Factor 1.746
2005 Impact Factor 1.628
2004 Impact Factor 1.639
2003 Impact Factor 1.879
2002 Impact Factor 2.289
2001 Impact Factor 2.085
2000 Impact Factor 1.831
1999 Impact Factor 1.438
1998 Impact Factor 1.322
1997 Impact Factor 1.43
1996 Impact Factor 1.354
1995 Impact Factor 0.989
1994 Impact Factor 1.044
1993 Impact Factor 0.949
1992 Impact Factor 1.078

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 2.46
Cited half-life 0.00
Immediacy index 0.30
Eigenfactor 0.01
Article influence 0.53
Other titles Planta medica (En ligne), Planta medica
ISSN 1439-0221
OCLC 182630769
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Georg Thieme Verlag

  • Pre-print
    • Author cannot archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • On author's personal website immediately
    • On Institutional Repository and PubMed Central after 12 months embargo
    • Publisher's version/PDF can be used on author's personal website only
    • Publisher copyright and source must be acknowledged
    • Link to Publisher version ( must be included if article has been published online
    • 'Georg Thieme Verlag' is an imprint of 'Thieme Publishing'
  • Classification
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Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Propolis is a cereus resin with a complex chemical composition that possesses a wide range of biological activities. The aim of this study was to evaluate the in vitro anti-Giardia lamblia activity of Sonoran propolis collected from three different areas of Sonoran Desert in northwestern Mexico (Caborca, Pueblo de Alamos, and Ures) and some of its chemical constituents. Additionally, we also analyzed the seasonal effect on the anti-G. lamblia activity of propolis. G. lamblia trophozoite cultures were treated with different concentrations of Sonoran propolis or chemical compounds during 48 h cell proliferation and cell viability were determined. Ures propolis showed the highest inhibitory activity against G. lamblia (IC50 63.8 ± 7.1 µg/mL) in a dose-dependent manner (Ures > Pueblo de Alamos > Caborca). Season had a significant effect on the in vitro anti-G. lamblia activity of Ures propolis. Summer propolis showed the highest inhibitory effect on the G. lamblia trophozoite growth (IC50 23.8 ± 2.3 µg/mL), followed by propolis collected during winter (IC50 59.2 ± 34.7 µg/mL), spring (IC50 102.5 ± 15.3 µg/mL), and autumn (IC50 125.0 ± 3.1 µg/mL). Caffeic acid phenethyl ester, an Ures propolis exclusive constituent, had the highest growth-inhibitory activity towards G. lamblia [IC50 63.1 ± 0.9 µg/mL (222.1 ± 3.2 µM)]. To our knowledge, this is the first study showing that caffeic acid phenethyl ester possesses antiparasitic activity against G. lamblia. Naringenin [IC50 125.7 ± 20.7 µg/mL (461.8 ± 76.3 µM)], hesperetin [IC50 149.6 ± 24.8 µg/mL (494.9 ± 82.2 µM)], and pinocembrin [IC50 174.4 ± 26.0 µg/mL (680.6 ± 101.7 µM)] showed weak anti-G. lamblia activity. On the other hand, chrysin and rutin did not show significant antiparasitic activity. In conclusion, our results suggest that Sonoran propolis and some of its chemical constituents had inhibitory effects on the in vitro growth of G. lamblia trophozoites. Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.
    Planta Medica 05/2015; DOI:10.1055/s-0035-1545982
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    ABSTRACT: The human ether-a-go-go-related gene channel is a voltage-activated K(+) channel involved in cardiac action potential. Its inhibition can lead to QT prolongation, and eventually to potentially fatal arrhythmia. Therefore, it is considered a primary antitarget in safety pharmacology. To assess the risk of human ether-a-go-go-related gene channel inhibition by medicinal plants, 700 extracts from different parts of 142 medicinal plants collected in Southern Africa were screened on Xenopus laevis oocytes. A CH2Cl2 extract from the stems and leaves of Galenia africana (Aizoaceae) reduced the peak tail human ether-a-go-go-related gene current by 50.4 ± 5.5 % (n = 3) at a concentration of 100 µg/mL. By means of high-performance liquid chromatography-based activity profiling, nine flavonoids were identified in the active time windows. However, the human ether-a-go-go-related gene channel inhibition of isolated compounds was less pronounced than that of extract and active microfractions (human ether-a-go-go-related gene inhibition between 10.1 ± 5 and 14.1 ± 1.6 at 100 µM). The two major constituents, 7,8-methylenedioxyflavone (1) and 7,8-dimethoxyflavone (13), were quantified (4.3 % and 9.4 %, respectively, in the extract). Further human ether-a-go-go-related gene inhibition tests for compounds 1 and 13 at 300 µM showed a concentration-dependent inhibitory activity (33.2 ± 12.4 and 30.0 ± 7.4, respectively). In a detailed phytochemical profiling of the active extract, a total of 20 phenolic compounds, including six new natural products, were isolated and identified. Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.
    Planta Medica 04/2015; DOI:10.1055/s-0035-1545929
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    ABSTRACT: Acanthopanax senticosus is extensively used to treat various nervous and cerebrovascular diseases in traditional medicinal systems in China and Russia. Ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight-mass spectrometry coupled with pattern recognition methods was used to investigate the effects of A. senticosus on the peripheral system in rats. The analysis of possible pathways influenced by A. senticosus was performed with MetaboAnalyst and Cytoscape software. After treatment with A. senticosus, 21 modulated metabolites in heart tissue, 20 in liver tissue, 14 in spleen tissue, 17 in lung tissue, 16 in kidney tissue, and 12 in a serum sample were identified and considered potential biomarkers of A. senticosus treatments. The regulation of some endogenous metabolites by A. senticosus could be beneficial for the treatment of several peripheral system diseases, such as hypertension, cancer, and oxidative stress, etc. However, there were also some upregulated endogenous metabolites producing potential toxicity to the peripheral system. A metabonomic analysis revealed that protection and toxicity coexisted in the effects of A. senticosus on the peripheral system, which may be a practical guide for its safe use and beneficial to the expansion of its application. Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.
    Planta Medica 04/2015; DOI:10.1055/s-0035-1545915
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    ABSTRACT: Praziquantel is the drug of choice for the treatment of schistosomiasis. However, several strains of Schistosoma mansoni are resistant to praziquantel, making it necessary to discover new drugs that might be used for its treatment. With this in mind, the properties of a schistosomicidal ethanolic extract of Garcinia brasiliensis Mart. epicarp, the fractions obtained by partitioning this extract, including the hexane fractions, ethyl acetate fraction, and the aqueous fraction, and the isolated compounds 7-epiclusianone, a major component from these fractions, and fukugetin were tested in vitro on adult worms of S. mansoni. Mortality, damage to membranes, and excretory system activity were observed at 100.0, 50.0, 75.0, and 14.0 µg/mL for the ethanolic extract of G. brasiliensis Mart. epicarp, its hexane fractions, the ethyl acetate fraction, and 7-epiclusianone, respectively. For 7-epiclusianone, these data were confirmed by fluorescent probe Hoechst 33 258 and resorufin. Additionally, the biocidal effect of 7-epiclusianone was even higher than the hexane fractions. Moreover, an inhibitory effect of 7-epiclusianone on the egg laying of female adult S. mansoni worms was observed in cercariae and schistossomula. Thus, 7-epiclusianone is a promising schistosomicidal compound; however, more studies are needed to elucidate its mechanism of toxicity and to evaluate the in vivo activity of this compound. Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.
    Planta Medica 04/2015; DOI:10.1055/s-0035-1545927
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to explore the effect of polydatin on ventricular remodeling after myocardial infarction in coronary artery ligation rats and to elucidate the underlying mechanisms. A rat model of ventricular remodeling after myocardial infarction was established by left coronary artery ligation. Rats with coronary artery ligation were randomly divided into five groups: control, plus 40 mg/kg captopril, plus 25 mg/kg polydatin, plus 50 mg/kg polydatin, and plus 100 mg/kg polydatin. The sham-operated group was used as a negative control. Rats were administered intragastrically with the corresponding drugs or drinking water for seven weeks. At the end of the treatment, the left ventricular weight index and heart weight index were assessed. The cross-sectional size of cardiomyocytes was measured by staining myocardium tissue with hematoxylin and eosin. Collagen content was counted by Sirius red in aqueous saturated picric acid. The concentrations of angiotensin I, angiotensin II, aldosterone, and endothelin 1 in myocardium or serum were determined by radioimmunoassay. Hydroxyproline and nitric oxide concentrations and glutathione peroxidase and catalase activities in serum were measured by ultraviolet spectrophotometry. Our results showed that seven weeks of polydatin treatment resulted in a significantly reduced left ventricular weight index, heart weight index, serum concentrations of hydroxyproline and aldosterone, an increased concentration of nitric oxide as well as enhanced activities of glutathione peroxidase and catalase. Myocardial angiotensin I, angiotensin II, and endothelin 1 levels were also reduced. The cardiomyocyte cross-sectional area and collagen deposition diminished. This study suggests that polydatin may attenuate ventricular remodeling after myocardial infarction in coronary artery ligation rats through restricting the excessive activation of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system and inhibiting peroxidation. Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.
    Planta Medica 04/2015; DOI:10.1055/s-0035-1545907
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    ABSTRACT: A bioassay-oriented approach led to the isolation of 11 compounds, including three new natural flavonoids, (2S)-isookanin 7-O-α-L-arabinopyranoside (1), (2S)-isookanin 7-O-(2''-acetyl)-α-L-arabinopyranoside (2), and luteolin 7-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl-(1 → 6)-β-D-galactopyranoside (6), from Bidens humilis aerial parts. Their structures were determined via spectroscopic analyses including two-dimensional nuclear magnetic resonance. The antioxidant activity of all compounds was also tested by three different assays. The Relative Antioxidant Capacity Index (RACI) is applied herein, from the perspective of statistics, by integrating the antioxidant capacity data determined by these chemical methods. Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.
    Planta Medica 04/2015; DOI:10.1055/s-0035-1545928
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    ABSTRACT: ATP-driven transport across biological membranes is a key process to translocate solutes from the interior of the cell to the extracellular environment. In humans, ATP-binding cassette transporters are involved in absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion, and toxicity, and also play a major role in anticancer drug resistance. Analogous transporters are also known to be involved in phytohormone translocation. These include, e.g., the transport of auxin by ABCB1/19 in Arabidopsis thaliana, the transport of abscisic acid by AtABCG25, and the transport of strigolactone by the Petunia hybrida ABC transporter PDR1. Within this article, we outline the current knowledge about plant ABC transporters with respect to their structure and function, and provide, for the first time, a protein homology model of the strigolactone transporter PDR1 from P. hybrida. Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.
    Planta Medica 04/2015; 81(06). DOI:10.1055/s-0035-1545880
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    ABSTRACT: Proanthocyanidins (condensed tannins) constitute a class of oligomeric and polymeric polyphenols with flavan-3-ols as monomeric building blocks. Despite the high impact of proanthocyanidins, these polyphenols are mostly quantified by colorimetric methods or by chromatographic determination of the flavan-3-ols as cleavage products or low molecular oligomers as lead compounds. For St. John's wort (Hyperici herba) from Hypericum perforatum, a protocol for preparative isolation of oligomeric and polymeric proanthocyanidins from an acetone-water extract by chromatography on Sephadex®LH20 in combination with preparative high-performance liquid chromatography on the diol stationary phase was developed, yielding procyanidin reference clusters with a defined degree of polymerization from 3 to 10. Identity and purity of these clusters was proven by high-performance liquid chromatography (RP18 and diol phase) and mass spectrometry. For identification and quantification of proanthocyanidin clusters from St. John's wort, an ICH-Q2 (International harmonized guideline for analytical validation) validated high-performance liquid chromatography method with fluorimetric detection was developed using an acetone-water extract of the herbal material, purified by solid-phase extraction for the removal of naphthodianthrones. The method enabled the quantification of procyanidin clusters with a degree of polymerization from 2 to 10. Analysis of nine batches of Hyperici herba from different sources indicated a high variability of proanthocyanidin content in the range from 8 to 37 mg/g. In all of the batches investigated, the trimer cluster DP3 was the dominant proanthocyanidin (about 40 %), followed by DP 4 (about 15 %) and DP5 (about 12 %). Monitoring of procyanidin distribution during seasonal growth of fresh plants of H. perforatum indicated the highest proanthocyanidin content in young plants (about 50 mg/g) and a time-dependent decrease during the growing season to about 16 mg/g. The highest proanthocyanidin content was found in young leaves and flowers, while the fruits were proanthocyanidin-free; older parts of the stem and the herb had a lower proanthocyanidin content. From these data, it can be concluded that proanthocyanidins serve as part of the plant defense system in the reproductive organs. Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.
    Planta Medica 04/2015; DOI:10.1055/s-0035-1545916
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    ABSTRACT: As numerous herbal products have been used as dietary supplements or functional foods, the demands of the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic characteristics of active compounds are increasing in order to secure a consistent outcome (i.e., efficiency and safety). In this study, the pharmacokinetics including tissue distribution, metabolism, and protein binding of isoliquiritigenin, a chalcone found in Glycyrrhiza glabra, and its metabolite, liquiritigenin, at various doses in mice are reported. Also, correlations between the preferential tissue distribution and pharmacological effect of isoliquiritigenin in certain organs were investigated using the in vivo gastroprotective effect of isoliquiritigenin in mice with indomethacin-induced ulcer. The absorbed fraction of isoliquiritigenin was high, but the absolute bioavailability was low mainly due to its metabolism. In spite of the low bioavailability, the gastroprotective effect of isoliquiritigenin was attributed to its high distribution in the stomach. Isoliquiritigenin prevented the occurrence of gastric ulcers by indomethacin, which is associated with increased gastric mucous secretion because the pretreatment with isoliquiritigenin presumably counteracted the decreased cyclooxygenase 2 by indomethacin. This may suggest that the pharmacokinetic properties of isoliquiritigenin are useful to predict its efficacy as a gastroprotective agent in a target organ such as the stomach. Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.
    Planta Medica 04/2015; DOI:10.1055/s-0035-1545914
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    ABSTRACT: Prostate cancer is one of the leading causes of death worldwide for men. There is increasing evidence that diet and lifestyle play a crucial role in prostate cancer biology and tumorigenesis. Due to the fact that conventional chemotherapy is not adequately effective against prostate cancer and has severe side effects, numerous in vitro studies have been conducted in order to identify the potent cytotoxic or chemopreventive activity of naturally occurring compounds and their respective molecular mechanisms of action. In this context, many natural compounds isolated from plants have been found to inhibit cancer growth and to induce cell cycle arrest, suppress angiogenesis, and promote apoptotic or autophagic cell death. Therefore, in this article, the most promising bioactive natural products and their respective mechanisms of action for the prevention or/and treatment of prostate cancer are presented. Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.
    Planta Medica 04/2015; DOI:10.1055/s-0035-1545845
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    ABSTRACT: The identification of natural products that can modulate blood glucose levels is of great interest as it can possibly facilitate the utilization of mild interventions such as herbal medicine or functional foods in the treatment of chronic diseases like diabetes. One of the established drug targets for antihyperglycemic therapy is glycogen phosphorylase. To evaluate the glycogen phosphorylase inhibitory properties of an in-house compound collection consisting to a large extent of natural products, a stepwise virtual and experimental screening protocol was devised and implemented. The fact that the active site of glycogen phosphorylase is highly hydrated emphasized that a methodological aspect needed to be efficiently addressed prior to an in silico evaluation of the compound collection. The effect of water molecules on docking calculations was regarded as a key parameter in terms of virtual screening protocol optimization. Statistical analysis of 125 structures of glycogen phosphorylase and solvent mapping focusing on the active site hydration motif in combination with a retrospective screening revealed the importance of a set of 29 crystallographic water molecules for achieving high enrichment as to the discrimination between active compounds and inactive decoys. The scaling of Van der Waals radii of system atoms had an additional effect on screening performance. Having optimized the in silico protocol, a prospective evaluation of the in-house compound collection derived a set of 18 top-ranked natural products that were subsequently evaluated in vitro for their activity as glycogen phosphorylase inhibitors. Two phenolic glucosides with glycogen phosphorylase-modulating activity were identified, whereas the most potent compound affording mid-micromolar inhibition was a glucosidic derivative of resveratrol, a stilbene well-known for its wide range of biological activities. Results show the possible phytotherapeutic and nutraceutical potential of products common in the Mediterranean countries, such as red wine and Vitis products in general or green raw salads and herbal preparations, where such compounds are abundant. Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.
    Planta Medica 04/2015; 81(06). DOI:10.1055/s-0035-1545910
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    ABSTRACT: This study aimed to develop an indirect competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay based on monoclonal antibodies against paeoniflorin to study the effects of different doses of glycyrrhizinic acid on the pharmacokinetics of paeoniflorin in mice. An anti-paeoniflorin monoclonal antibody was produced from a hybridoma created through a fusion of splenocytes immunized with paeoniflorin-bovine serum albumin and conjugated with the hypoxanthine-aminopterin-thymidine-sensitive mouse myeloma cell line SP2/0. The resultant antibody was used to develop and validate a rapid, specific and sensitive, indirect competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for the measurement of paeoniflorin (linear range 4.8-312.5 ng · mL(-1)). The intraday and interday precision values of the indirect competitive ELISA method were well within the recommended range (≤ 10 %), and the recovery rate was, on average, 101.13 %. Pharmacokinetic parameters obtained from mouse blood samples at various intervals following the oral administration of paeoniflorin and glycyrrhizic acid at three doses (1 : 0.3, 1 : 1, 1 : 3, respectively) demonstrated that the highest dose of glycyrrhizic acid inhibits the absorption of paeoniflorin. Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.
    Planta Medica 04/2015; DOI:10.1055/s-0035-1545913
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    ABSTRACT: Cissampentine A (1), an enantiomer of cissampentin, three new cycleatjehenine-type bisbenzylisoquinoline alkaloids, cissampentine B-D (2-4), and five known alkaloids were isolated from the roots of Cyclea tonkinensis. Their structures were established by interpretation of NMR, high-resolution ESI-MS data, and CD spectra. In vitro studies indicated that compounds 1 and 4 exhibited cytotoxicity against the HCT-8 tumor cell line (IC50 values of 8.97 and 9.73 µM, respectively), and compound 4 was also active against the Bel-7402 tumor cell line (IC50 value of 5.36 µM). Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.
    Planta Medica 04/2015; DOI:10.1055/s-0035-1545882
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    ABSTRACT: Chemical space coverage within natural product databases is an important criterion for the selection of databases for virtual screening. Chemical space analysis can also provide valuable hints towards chemical substructures that are responsible for medical activity. We therefore developed a protocol for structurally characterizing the chemical space covered in specific natural product databases by comparing it to a "standard" natural product scaffold distribution. In this contribution, we analyzed the structural characteristics of the traditional Chinese medicine database@Taiwan as an example. While we did not find classes of very characteristic small molecule scaffolds, we found that there are a number of specific macrocyclic scaffolds that are highly enriched in the traditional Chinese medicine database@Taiwan and not documented elsewhere. This surprising finding points towards underused regions in chemical space with a big potential for biological impact. Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.
    Planta Medica 04/2015; 81(06). DOI:10.1055/s-0035-1545881