Planta Medica Journal Impact Factor & Information

Publisher: Gesellschaft für Arzneipflanzenforschung, Georg Thieme Verlag

Journal description

Current impact factor: 2.34

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2015
2013 / 2014 Impact Factor 2.339
2012 Impact Factor 2.348
2011 Impact Factor 2.153
2010 Impact Factor 2.369
2009 Impact Factor 2.037
2008 Impact Factor 1.96
2007 Impact Factor 1.848
2006 Impact Factor 1.746
2005 Impact Factor 1.628
2004 Impact Factor 1.639
2003 Impact Factor 1.879
2002 Impact Factor 2.289
2001 Impact Factor 2.085
2000 Impact Factor 1.831
1999 Impact Factor 1.438
1998 Impact Factor 1.322
1997 Impact Factor 1.43
1996 Impact Factor 1.354
1995 Impact Factor 0.989
1994 Impact Factor 1.044
1993 Impact Factor 0.949
1992 Impact Factor 1.078

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 2.46
Cited half-life 0.00
Immediacy index 0.30
Eigenfactor 0.01
Article influence 0.53
Other titles Planta medica (En ligne), Planta medica
ISSN 1439-0221
OCLC 182630769
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Georg Thieme Verlag

  • Pre-print
    • Author cannot archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • On author's personal website immediately
    • On Institutional Repository and PubMed Central after 12 months embargo
    • Publisher's version/PDF can be used on author's personal website only
    • Publisher copyright and source must be acknowledged
    • Link to Publisher version ( must be included if article has been published online
    • 'Georg Thieme Verlag' is an imprint of 'Thieme Publishing'
  • Classification
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Publications in this journal

  • Young Hee Choi, You-Jin Kim, Hee-Sung Chae, Young-Won Chin
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    ABSTRACT: As numerous herbal products have been used as dietary supplements or functional foods, the demands of the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic characteristics of active compounds are increasing in order to secure a consistent outcome (i.e., efficiency and safety). In this study, the pharmacokinetics including tissue distribution, metabolism, and protein binding of isoliquiritigenin, a chalcone found in Glycyrrhiza glabra, and its metabolite, liquiritigenin, at various doses in mice are reported. Also, correlations between the preferential tissue distribution and pharmacological effect of isoliquiritigenin in certain organs were investigated using the in vivo gastroprotective effect of isoliquiritigenin in mice with indomethacin-induced ulcer. The absorbed fraction of isoliquiritigenin was high, but the absolute bioavailability was low mainly due to its metabolism. In spite of the low bioavailability, the gastroprotective effect of isoliquiritigenin was attributed to its high distribution in the stomach. Isoliquiritigenin prevented the occurrence of gastric ulcers by indomethacin, which is associated with increased gastric mucous secretion because the pretreatment with isoliquiritigenin presumably counteracted the decreased cyclooxygenase 2 by indomethacin. This may suggest that the pharmacokinetic properties of isoliquiritigenin are useful to predict its efficacy as a gastroprotective agent in a target organ such as the stomach. Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.
    Planta Medica 04/2015; DOI:10.1055/s-0035-1545914
  • Nikolaos Mavrokefalos, Vassilios Myrianthopoulos, Aikaterini S Chajistamatiou, Evangelia D Chrysina, Emmanuel Mikros
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    ABSTRACT: The identification of natural products that can modulate blood glucose levels is of great interest as it can possibly facilitate the utilization of mild interventions such as herbal medicine or functional foods in the treatment of chronic diseases like diabetes. One of the established drug targets for antihyperglycemic therapy is glycogen phosphorylase. To evaluate the glycogen phosphorylase inhibitory properties of an in-house compound collection consisting to a large extent of natural products, a stepwise virtual and experimental screening protocol was devised and implemented. The fact that the active site of glycogen phosphorylase is highly hydrated emphasized that a methodological aspect needed to be efficiently addressed prior to an in silico evaluation of the compound collection. The effect of water molecules on docking calculations was regarded as a key parameter in terms of virtual screening protocol optimization. Statistical analysis of 125 structures of glycogen phosphorylase and solvent mapping focusing on the active site hydration motif in combination with a retrospective screening revealed the importance of a set of 29 crystallographic water molecules for achieving high enrichment as to the discrimination between active compounds and inactive decoys. The scaling of Van der Waals radii of system atoms had an additional effect on screening performance. Having optimized the in silico protocol, a prospective evaluation of the in-house compound collection derived a set of 18 top-ranked natural products that were subsequently evaluated in vitro for their activity as glycogen phosphorylase inhibitors. Two phenolic glucosides with glycogen phosphorylase-modulating activity were identified, whereas the most potent compound affording mid-micromolar inhibition was a glucosidic derivative of resveratrol, a stilbene well-known for its wide range of biological activities. Results show the possible phytotherapeutic and nutraceutical potential of products common in the Mediterranean countries, such as red wine and Vitis products in general or green raw salads and herbal preparations, where such compounds are abundant. Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.
    Planta Medica 04/2015; DOI:10.1055/s-0035-1545910
  • Katerina Gioti, Roxane Tenta
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    ABSTRACT: Prostate cancer is one of the leading causes of death worldwide for men. There is increasing evidence that diet and lifestyle play a crucial role in prostate cancer biology and tumorigenesis. Due to the fact that conventional chemotherapy is not adequately effective against prostate cancer and has severe side effects, numerous in vitro studies have been conducted in order to identify the potent cytotoxic or chemopreventive activity of naturally occurring compounds and their respective molecular mechanisms of action. In this context, many natural compounds isolated from plants have been found to inhibit cancer growth and to induce cell cycle arrest, suppress angiogenesis, and promote apoptotic or autophagic cell death. Therefore, in this article, the most promising bioactive natural products and their respective mechanisms of action for the prevention or/and treatment of prostate cancer are presented. Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.
    Planta Medica 04/2015; DOI:10.1055/s-0035-1545845
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    ABSTRACT: This study aimed to develop an indirect competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay based on monoclonal antibodies against paeoniflorin to study the effects of different doses of glycyrrhizinic acid on the pharmacokinetics of paeoniflorin in mice. An anti-paeoniflorin monoclonal antibody was produced from a hybridoma created through a fusion of splenocytes immunized with paeoniflorin-bovine serum albumin and conjugated with the hypoxanthine-aminopterin-thymidine-sensitive mouse myeloma cell line SP2/0. The resultant antibody was used to develop and validate a rapid, specific and sensitive, indirect competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for the measurement of paeoniflorin (linear range 4.8-312.5 ng · mL(-1)). The intraday and interday precision values of the indirect competitive ELISA method were well within the recommended range (≤ 10 %), and the recovery rate was, on average, 101.13 %. Pharmacokinetic parameters obtained from mouse blood samples at various intervals following the oral administration of paeoniflorin and glycyrrhizic acid at three doses (1 : 0.3, 1 : 1, 1 : 3, respectively) demonstrated that the highest dose of glycyrrhizic acid inhibits the absorption of paeoniflorin. Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.
    Planta Medica 04/2015; DOI:10.1055/s-0035-1545913
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    ABSTRACT: Zornia brasiliensis, popularly known as "urinária", "urinana", and "carrapicho", is a medicinal plant used in Brazilian northeast folk medicine as a diuretic and against venereal diseases. The aim of this study was to investigate the chemical composition and antitumor potential of the leaf essential oil of Z. brasiliensis. The essential oil was obtained by hydrodistillation using a Clevenger-type apparatus and analyzed by GC-MS and GC-FID. Its composition was characterized by the presence of trans-nerolidol, germacrene D, trans-caryophyllene, α-humulene, and farnesene as major constituents. In vitro cytotoxicity of the essential oil and some of its major constituents (trans-nerolidol, trans-caryophyllene, and α-humulene) was evaluated for tumor cell lines from different histotypes using the Alamar blue assay. The essential oil, but not the constituents tested, presented promising cytotoxicity. Furthermore, mice inoculated with B16-F10 mouse melanoma were used to confirm its in vivo effectiveness. An in vivo antitumor study showed tumor growth inhibition rates of 1.68-38.61 % (50 and 100 mg/kg, respectively). In conclusion, the leaf essential oil of Z. brasiliensis presents trans-nerolidol, germacrene D, trans-caryophyllene, α-humulene, and farnesene as major constituents and is able to inhibit cell proliferation in cultures as well as in tumor growth in mice. Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.
    Planta Medica 04/2015; DOI:10.1055/s-0035-1545842
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    ABSTRACT: A multitude of sooty blotch and flyspeck fungi, mainly belonging to the Ascomycetes order Capnodiales, causes dark blemishes and flyspeck-like spots on apples worldwide. Different sooty blotch and flyspeck fungi can coexist in the same orchard and even on a single fruit. Our preceding experiments revealed an activity of Microcyclospora malicola strain 1930 against the anthracnose fungus Colletotrichum fioriniae in dual culture assays. Extracts of M. malicola strain 1930 showed a broad bioactivity against filamentous fungus Mucor hiemalis and gram-positive bacterium Bacillus subtilis. A bioactivity-guided isolation led to the identification of obionin A (1) as the main active principle. In addition to 1, which was previously isolated from the marine fungus Leptosphaeria obiones, we isolated three derivatives. Metabolite 2 bears a keto function at C-6, besides the replacement of oxygen by nitrogen at position 10. Two more derivatives are adducts (3, 4) of acetone as work-up artifacts. Because obionin A (1) and its derivative 2 showed cytotoxic effects and antifungal activities, we propose a role of these secondary metabolites in the antagonism between M. malicola and other apple colonizing sooty blotch and flyspeck fungi, other epiphytes, or apple pathogens competing for the same ecological niche. Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.
    Planta Medica 04/2015; DOI:10.1055/s-0035-1545908
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    ABSTRACT: Chemical space coverage within natural product databases is an important criterion for the selection of databases for virtual screening. Chemical space analysis can also provide valuable hints towards chemical substructures that are responsible for medical activity. We therefore developed a protocol for structurally characterizing the chemical space covered in specific natural product databases by comparing it to a "standard" natural product scaffold distribution. In this contribution, we analyzed the structural characteristics of the traditional Chinese medicine database@Taiwan as an example. While we did not find classes of very characteristic small molecule scaffolds, we found that there are a number of specific macrocyclic scaffolds that are highly enriched in the traditional Chinese medicine database@Taiwan and not documented elsewhere. This surprising finding points towards underused regions in chemical space with a big potential for biological impact. Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.
    Planta Medica 04/2015; DOI:10.1055/s-0035-1545881
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    ABSTRACT: Cissampentine A (1), an enantiomer of cissampentin, three new cycleatjehenine-type bisbenzylisoquinoline alkaloids, cissampentine B-D (2-4), and five known alkaloids were isolated from the roots of Cyclea tonkinensis. Their structures were established by interpretation of NMR, high-resolution ESI-MS data, and CD spectra. In vitro studies indicated that compounds 1 and 4 exhibited cytotoxicity against the HCT-8 tumor cell line (IC50 values of 8.97 and 9.73 µM, respectively), and compound 4 was also active against the Bel-7402 tumor cell line (IC50 value of 5.36 µM). Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.
    Planta Medica 04/2015; DOI:10.1055/s-0035-1545882
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    ABSTRACT: Spikenard, the dried roots of Nardostachys chinensis, contains sesquiterpenoids and is widely used as an herbal tranquilizer. We previously demonstrated that spikenard vapor showed a sedative effect when administered by inhalation, and we identified hydrocarbon sesquiterpenoids as active components. Here we investigated the other components that contribute to the effects of spikenard. Six oxygenated sesquiterpenoids, including aristolane- and guaiane-types, were isolated from an acetone extract of spikenard. We evaluated the sedative activities of these oxygenated compounds using an inhalation administration method in a caffeine-treated excitatory mouse model. We identified aristolen-1(10)-en-9-ol and patchouli alcohol as highly effective sedative components. These compounds inhibited locomotion in mice by approximately 60 % at a dose of 300 µg/cage. In addition, aristolen-1(10)-en-9-ol prolonged pentobarbital-induced sleep to the same extent as 1 mg/kg diazepam. This effect completely disappeared with the administration of the GABAA-benzodiazepine receptor antagonist flumazenil (3 mg/kg), suggesting that the sedative effect of aristolen-1(10)-en-9-ol is expressed via the GABAergic system. Furthermore, differently from diazepam, inhalation of aristolen-1(10)-en-9-ol for 1 h did not affect the motor coordination in the rota-rod test. In the present study, we identified active components and provided evidence supporting the traditional sedative use of spikenard. Our research suggests that aristolen-1(10)-en-9-ol may be an effective aromatherapy, providing mild sedation. Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.
    Planta Medica 03/2015; DOI:10.1055/s-0035-1545725
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    ABSTRACT: Aqueous extracts of Stevia rebaudiana leaves have been approved since 2008 by the Joint Expert Committee for Food Additives as sugar substitutes in many food and beverages in Western and Far East Asian countries. The compounds responsible for the natural sweetness of Stevia leaves include a diversity of diterpenoid glycosides derived from a steviol skeleton. These steviol glycosides also exhibit a low calorific value as well as promising therapeutic applications, particularly for the treatment of sugar metabolism disturbances. In this work, centrifugal partition chromatography is proposed as an efficient technical alternative to purify steviol glycosides from crude aqueous extracts of Stevia leaves on a multigram scale. Two different commercial instruments, including an ASCPC250® and a FCPE300® made of columns containing 1890 and 231 twin-cells, respectively, were evaluated and compared. All experiments were performed with a polar biphasic solvent system composed of ethyl acetate, n-butanol, and water in a gradient elution mode. When using the 1890 partition cell centrifugal partition chromatography column of 250 mL, 42 mg of stevioside, 68 mg of dulcoside A, and 172 mg of rebaudioside A, three major constituents of the initial extract were obtained from 1 g of the initial mixture at purities of 81 %, 83 %, and 99 %, respectively. The productivity was further improved by intensifying the procedure on the 231 partition cell centrifugal partition chromatography column of 303 mL with the sample mass loading increased up to 5 g, resulting in the recovery of 1.2 g of stevioside, 100 mg of dulcoside A, and 1.1 g of rebaudioside A at purities of 79 %, 62 %, and 98 %, respectively. The structures of the isolated compounds were validated by HPLC-UV, ESI-MS, (1)H, and (13)C NMR analyses. Altogether, the results demonstrate that the column design (i.e., the partition cell number) is an important aspect to be considered for a larger scale centrifugal partition chromatography isolation of Stevia-derived natural sweeteners. Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.
    Planta Medica 03/2015; DOI:10.1055/s-0035-1545840
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    ABSTRACT: The present study aimed to investigate the anti-inflammatory activity of the ethanolic extract of the aerial parts of Trichosanthes dioica and its successive fractions. The effect on oxidative stress involved in the pathogenesis of inflammation was evaluated. The ethanolic extract and its successive fractions were administered at a dose of 150 and 300 mg/kg b. w. for testing their anti-inflammatory activity by a carrageenan-induced edema model. The results showed that the ethyl acetate fraction exhibited significant potency against inflammation. Pertaining to mechanistic insight, the anti-inflammatory effect might be attributed to the attenuation in tumor necrosis factor-α level (ELISA assay) and reduced expression of cyclooxygenase-2 and nuclear transcription factor-κB (immunohistochemistry). The alleviation in oxidative stress has been pertinent to the elevation in the activities of antioxidant enzymes (superoxide dismutase, catalase, and glutathione) by active fractions. Furthermore, the ulcerogenic effect was insignificant even at a three times higher dose. Finally, it was concluded that the ethyl acetate fraction which showed significant biological potential against inflammation and oxidative stress could be viewed as a source of effective treatment. Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.
    Planta Medica 03/2015; DOI:10.1055/s-0035-1545726
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to use the pharmacokinetic information of avicularin in rats to project a dose for humans using allometric scaling. A highly sensitive and specific bioanalytical assay to determine avicularin concentrations in the plasma was developed and validated for UPLC-MS/MS. The plasma protein binding of avicularin in rat plasma determined by the ultrafiltration method was 64 %. The pharmacokinetics of avicularin in nine rats was studied following an intravenous bolus administration of 1 mg/kg and was found to be best described by a two-compartment model using a nonlinear mixed effects modeling approach. The pharmacokinetic parameters were allometrically scaled by body weight and centered to the median rat weight of 0.23 kg, with the power coefficient fixed at 0.75 for clearance and 1 for volume parameters. Avicularin was rapidly eliminated from the systemic circulation within 1 h post-dose, and the avicularin pharmacokinetic was linear up to 5 mg/kg based on exposure comparison to literature data for a 5-mg/kg single dose in rats. Using allometric scaling and Monte Carlo simulation approaches, the rat doses of 1 and 5 mg/kg correspond to the human equivalent doses of 30 and 150 mg, respectively, to achieve comparable plasma avicularin concentrations in humans. Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.
    Planta Medica 03/2015; DOI:10.1055/s-0035-1545728
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    ABSTRACT: Alzheimer's disease is a rising threat for modern societies as more and more people reach old age. To date, there is no effective treatment for this condition. In this study, we investigated the potential of Glycyrrhiza uralensis to counteract amyloid-β toxicity, one of the key features of Alzheimer's disease. An LC-MS/MS analysis revealed glycyrrhizic acid and glycosylated forms of isoliquiritigenin and liquiritigenin as major constituents of water and methanol extracts of G. uralensis. These extracts and the pure compounds were tested for their activity in two Caenorhabditis elegans models of amyloid-β aggregation and amyloid-β toxicity, respectively. The number of amyloid-β aggregates decreased by 30 % after treatment with isoliquiritigenin, the methanol extract could reduce the number by 14 %, liquiritigenin and glycyrrhizic acid by 15 %, and the aglycon of glycyrrhizic acid, glycyrrhetinic acid, by 20 %. Both extracts and isoliquiritigenin also showed significant activity against acute amyloid-β toxicity in transgenic C. elegans that express human amyloid-β peptides, delaying the paralysis in this model by 1.8 h and 1.1 h, respectively. We conclude that secondary compounds of G. uralensis may become interesting drug candidates for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease, which, however, need further analysis in other model systems. Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.
    Planta Medica 03/2015; DOI:10.1055/s-0035-1545724
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    ABSTRACT: Five new cucurbitacins, kuguacins II-VI (1-5), along with five known analogues (6-10), were obtained from the fruit of Momordica charantia. Structures of the new compounds were elucidated as 5β,19-epoxycucurbit-23-en-7-on-3β,25-diol (1), 5β,19-epoxycucurbit-7,23-dion-3β,25-diol (2), 5β,19-epoxycucurbit-6-en-19,23-dion-3β,25-diol (3), 5β,19-epoxy-23,24,25,26,27-pentanorcucurbit-6-en-7,19-dion-3β,22-diol (4), and cucurbit-5-en-7,23-dion-3β,19,25-triol (5) by extensive spectroscopic and single-crystal X-ray diffraction analyses. Some cucurbitane compounds from this species were screened for their potential antidiabetic properties in terms of antigluconeogenic activity. As a result, compounds 1, 10, 11, and 12 (at 25-100 µM) showed concentration-dependent inhibition on glucose production from liver cells. In addition, compounds 11 and 12 (at 100 µM) showed around 20-30 % inhibition on PEPCK activity. Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.
    Planta Medica 03/2015; 81(4):327-32. DOI:10.1055/s-0035-1545695