Planta Medica Journal Impact Factor & Information

Publisher: Gesellschaft für Arzneipflanzenforschung, Georg Thieme Verlag

Journal description

Current impact factor: 2.15

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2016
2014 Impact Factor 2.152
2013 Impact Factor 2.339
2012 Impact Factor 2.348
2011 Impact Factor 2.153
2010 Impact Factor 2.369
2009 Impact Factor 2.037
2008 Impact Factor 1.96
2007 Impact Factor 1.848
2006 Impact Factor 1.746
2005 Impact Factor 1.628
2004 Impact Factor 1.639
2003 Impact Factor 1.879
2002 Impact Factor 2.289
2001 Impact Factor 2.085
2000 Impact Factor 1.831
1999 Impact Factor 1.438
1998 Impact Factor 1.322
1997 Impact Factor 1.43
1996 Impact Factor 1.354
1995 Impact Factor 0.989
1994 Impact Factor 1.044
1993 Impact Factor 0.949
1992 Impact Factor 1.078

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 2.44
Cited half-life >10.0
Immediacy index 0.33
Eigenfactor 0.01
Article influence 0.55
Other titles Planta medica (En ligne), Planta medica
ISSN 1439-0221
OCLC 182630769
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Georg Thieme Verlag

  • Pre-print
    • Author cannot archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Author's post-print or Publisher's version/PDF on author's personal website immediately
    • Author's post-print in Institutional Repository and PubMed Central after 12 months embargo
    • Publisher's version/PDF can be used on author's personal website only
    • Publisher copyright and source must be acknowledged
    • Link to Publisher version ( must be included if article has been published online
    • Publisher last contacted on 31/03/2015
    • 'Georg Thieme Verlag' is an imprint of 'Thieme Publishing'
  • Classification
    ​ blue

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Wild artichoke (Cynara cornigera), a thistle-like perennial belonging to the Asteraceae family, is native to the Mediterranean region, northwestern Africa, and the Canary Islands. While the pleasant, albeit bitter, taste of the leaves and flowers is attributed to the sesquiterpene lactones cynaropicrin and cynarin, a comprehensive phytochemical investigation still needs to be reported. In this study seven sesquiterpene lactones were isolated from an aqueous methanol plant extract, including a new halogenated metabolite (1), the naturally isolated compound sibthorpine (2), and five metabolites isolated for the first time from C. cornigera. Structures were established by spectroscopic methods, including HREIMS, (1 )H, (13 )C, DEPT, (1 )H-(1 )H COSY, HMQC, and HMBC-NMR experiments as well as by X-ray analysis. The isolated bioactive nutrients were analyzed for their antioxidant and metal chelating activity. Compound 1 exhibited a potent metal chelating activity as well as a high antioxidant capacity. Moreover, select compounds were effective as acetyl cholinesterase inhibitors presenting the possibility for such compounds to be examined for anti-neurodegenerative activity. A computational pharmacophore elucidation and docking study was performed to estimate the pharmacophoric features and binding conformation of isolated compounds in the acetyl cholinesterase active site.
    Planta Medica 10/2015; DOI:10.1055/s-0035-1558088
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    ABSTRACT: Compositions of true lavender (Lavandula angustifolia) and spike lavender (Lavandula latifolia) essential oils, cultivated and extracted in the Southeast of Spain, were determined by gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry detection, obtaining both relative (peak area) and absolute (using standard curves) concentrations. Linalool (37-54 %), linalyl acetate (21-36 %) and (E)-β-caryophyllene (1-3 %) were the most abundant components for L. angustifolia. Linalool (35-51 %), eucalyptol (26-32 %), camphor (10-18 %), α-pinene (1-2 %), α-terpineol (1-2 %) and α-bisabolene (1-2 %) were the most abundant components for L. latifolia. The characterization was completed with enantioselective gas chromatography, in which the determined main molecules were (-)-linalool, (-)-linalyl acetate and (+)-camphor. (S)-(-)-camphene, (R)-(+)-limonene, (1R, 9S)-(-)-(E)-β-caryophyllene and (1R, 4R, 6R, 10S)-(-)-caryophyllene oxide were found in this study as the predominant enantiomers in Spanish L. angustifolia. The characterised essential oils were tested for their antioxidant activity against free radicals ABTS, DPPH, ORAC, chelating, and reducing power. Inhibitory activity on lipoxygenase was observed indicating a possible anti-inflammatory activity, mainly due to linalool, camphor, p-cymene and limonene. These results can be the starting point for a future study of the potential use of L. angustifolia and L. latifolia essential oils as natural cosmetic and natural pharmaceutical ingredients for several skin diseases.
    Planta Medica 10/2015; DOI:10.1055/s-0035-1558095
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    ABSTRACT: Echinacea purpurea, Echinacea angustifoli and Echinacea pallida are frequently used as medicinal plants. Besides asking for evidence on their efficacy, there is an increasing interest for safety data. This review systematically presents the available literature on drug interactions, contraindications, adverse events, duration of use, and safety of use in pregnant and nursing women, and assesses the safety profile of corresponding Echinacea preparations. It is noteworthy that all safety data reported are as product specific as the pharmacological or efficacy data are. In pharmacokinetic herb-drug interaction studies performed in vivo, no significant inhibitions of human CYP2D6 and CYP3A4 isoforms have been found after the administration of standardized E. purpurea preparations. However, contradictory results exist in studies using liver microsomes. Adverse events reported during clinical trials following administration of Echinacea spp. mono-preparations were generally mild and mostly without causality. Due to published long term studies with continuous ingestion of different Echinacea preparations up to 6 month with no reported toxicological concerns, Echinacea can be recommended also for long-term use. Moreover, the contraindications in cases of autoimmune diseases and immune-suppression are questionable, since lipophilic Echinacea preparations containing alkamides suppress cellular immune responses, and beneficial effects in autoimmunity were reported. The same applies for the use during pregnancy. Although there has been some impact reported on embryonic angiogenesis in mice, no association with an increased risk for major or minor malformations during organogenesis was found in a literature review. Altogether, the different evaluated Echinacea preparations are well-tolerated herbal medicines in the management in children and adults alike.
    Planta Medica 10/2015; DOI:10.1055/s-0035-1558096
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    ABSTRACT: Flavonoids, important components of human diet, have been claimed to possess a significant antiplatelet potential, in particular due to their effects on the arachidonic acid cascade. Due to variable and incomplete results, this study was aimed at delivering a detailed analysis of the effects of 29 structurally relevant, mainly natural flavonoids on three consecutive steps of the arachidonic acid cascade.Only the isoflavonoids genistein and daidzein were shown to possess a marked cyclooxygenase-1 inhibitory activity, which was higher than that of acetylsalicylic acid using the isolated ovine enzyme, and physiologically relevant, although lower than acetylsalicylic acid in human platelets. None of the tested flavonoids possesses an effect on thromboxane synthase in a clinically achievable concentration. Contrarily, many flavonoids, particularly those possessing an isolated 7-hydroxyl group and/or a 4'-hydroxyl group, acted as antagonists on thromboxane receptors. Interestingly, the substitution of the free 7-hydroxyl group by glucose might not abolish the activity.In conclusion, the consumption of few flavonoids in a diet, particularly of the isoflavonoids genistein and daidzein, may positively influence platelet aggregation.
    Planta Medica 09/2015; DOI:10.1055/s-0035-1557902
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    ABSTRACT: An ethanol extract prepared from the leaves of Cyclocarya paliurus, also known as sweet tea, which is one of the most popular teas utilized in traditional Chinese medicine, exhibited significant cytotoxicity against human lung and breast cancer cells. Using a bioassay-guided fractionation, we purified a pentacyclic triterpenoid, hederagenin, which exhibited superior and selective cytotoxicity against human breast and lung cancer cells. Evaluation of the structure-activity relationship between hederagenin and seven other pentacyclic triterpenoids revealed that the C3 hydroxyl group, the C17 carboxyl group and the Δ (12,13) double bond could be important active groups for the bioactivity of pentacyclic triterpenoids, whereas introduction of a hydroxyl group at C2 or C23 might reduce their bioactivity. We also investigated the cytotoxic activity of hedeargenin and demonstrated that it induces apoptosis, increases the cell membrane permeability, reduces the mitochondria potential, and suppresses NF-κB activation.
    Planta Medica 09/2015; DOI:10.1055/s-0035-1557900
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    ABSTRACT: The mammalian target of rapamycin is critical in hypoxia-triggered angiogenesis. Cardamonin inhibits proliferation of various cancer cells through suppressing the mammalian target of rapamycin. In this study, the antiangiogenic effect of cardamonin on CoCl2-mimicked hypoxic SKOV3 cells was investigated. Cardamonin exhibited an antiproliferative effect on normal and CoCl2-mimicked hypoxic SKOV3 cells. Messenger RNA expression of vascular endothelial growth factor was inhibited with cardamonin and rapamycin in SKOV3 cells under both conditions. However, cardamonin had little effect on the messenger RNA expression of hypoxia-inducible factor-α. Cardamonin inhibited the protein expression of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α, hypoxia inducible factor-2α, vascular endothelial growth factor, and the phosphorylation of mammalian target of rapamycin and ribosomal S6 kinase 1. Furthermore, angiogenesis induced by a medium of SKOV3 cells was reduced by cardamonin in a chicken embryo allantois membrane model. These findings suggest that cardamonin inhibits protein expression of hypoxia-inducible factor-α, and vascular endothelial growth factor, which was induced by CoCl2-mimicked hypoxia and this effect partially correlates with the mammalian target of rapamycin inhibition. Cardamonin might be a potential angiogenesis inhibitor for ovarian cancer therapy.
    Planta Medica 09/2015; DOI:10.1055/s-0035-1557901
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    ABSTRACT: Licorice is one of the oldest and most frequently used herbs in traditional Chinese medicine. It contains more than 20 triterpenoids and 300 flavonoids. In recent years, a lot of studies have reported that the active compounds isolated from licorice possess antitumor, antimicrobial, antiviral, anti-inflammatory, immunoregulatory, and several other activities that contribute to the recovery and protection of the nervous, alimentary, respiratory, endocrine, and cardiovascular systems. In this paper, nine different pharmacological activities of licorice are summarized. The active compounds responsible for these pharmacological activities, the molecular mechanisms, and in vivo and in vitro studies are listed in detail. Furthermore, the clinical therapeutics and toxicity studies of licorice are also discussed. We hope this work can provide a basis for further studies concerning with the safe and effective use of licorice.
    Planta Medica 09/2015; DOI:10.1055/s-0035-1557893
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    ABSTRACT: We previously reported that total coumarins, the major active components of Urtica dentata Hand, exhibited substantial protection against the development of autoimmune diabetes. Diabetic nephropathy is one of the most serious complications of diabetes and is closely correlated with end-stage renal disease. We used the rat glomerular mesangial cell line (HBZY-1) and streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats to investigate the potential protective effects and mechanisms of total coumarins on diabetic renal disease. Our data revealed that total coumarins inhibited high glucose-induced HBZY-1 cell proliferation and hypertrophy, and produced its effects through downregulating transforming growth factor-β1, connective tissue growth factor, and toll-like receptor 4 activation. Consistent with those findings, total coumarins administration in a diabetic model had anti-renal lesion effects in vivo. Total coumarins, at a dose of 50 or 100 mg/kg: 1) significantly increased body weight; 2) ameliorated morphological evidence of renal pathology; 3) decreased blood levels of glucose and urea nitrogen; 4) decreased albuminuria and serum creatinine; and 5) reduced protein and gene levels of transforming growth factor-β1, connective tissue growth factor, and toll-like receptor 4 in the kidneys. These results support the view that total coumarins treatment can be substantially renoprotective in DN.
    Planta Medica 09/2015; DOI:10.1055/s-0035-1557866
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    ABSTRACT: To examine whether quercetin interacts with vitamin D receptor, we investigated the effects of quercetin on vitamin D receptor activity in human intestinal Caco-2 cells. The effects of quercetin on the expression of the vitamin D receptor target genes, vitamin D3 24-hydroxylase, cytochrome P450 3A4, multidrug resistance protein 1, and transient receptor potential vanilloid type 6 were measured using quantitative polymerase chain reaction. The vitamin D receptor siRNA was used to assess the involvement of the vitamin D receptor. Vitamin D receptor activation using a vitamin D responsive element-mediated cytochrome P450 3A4 reporter gene assay was investigated in Caco-2 cells transfected with human vitamin D receptor. We also studied the magnitude of the vitamin D receptor activation and/or synergism between 1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25(OH)2D3] and quercetin-like flavonoids. Slight but significant increases in the mRNA expression of cytochrome P450 3A4, vitamin D3 24-hydroxylase, multidrug resistance protein 1, and transient receptor potential vanilloid type 6 were observed after 3 days of continual quercetin treatment. The silencing effect of vitamin D receptor by vitamin D receptor siRNA in Caco-2 cells significantly attenuated the induction of the vitamin D receptor target genes. Moreover, quercetin significantly enhanced cytochrome P450 3A4 reporter activity in Caco-2 cells in a dose-dependent manner, and the expression of exogenous vitamin D receptor further stimulated the vitamin D receptor activity. Quercetin-like flavonoids such as kaempferol stimulated the vitamin D receptor activity in a manner similar to that seen with quercetin. Taken together, the data indicates that quercetin upregulates cytochrome P450 3A4 and multidrug resistance protein 1 expression in Caco-2 cells likely via a vitamin D receptor-dependent pathway.
    Planta Medica 09/2015; DOI:10.1055/s-0035-1557898
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    ABSTRACT: For many centuries, seeds of Nigella sativa (black cumin), a dicotyledon of the Ranunculaceae family, have been used as a seasoning spice and food additive in the Middle East and Mediterranean areas. Traditionally, the plant is used for asthma, hypertension, diabetes, inflammation, cough, bronchitis, headache, eczema, fever, dizziness, and gastrointestinal disturbances. The literature regarding the biological activities of seeds of this plant is extensive, citing bronchodilative, anti-inflammatory, antinociceptive, antibacterial, hypotensive, hypolipidemic, cytotoxic, antidiabetic, and hepatoprotective effects. The active ingredients of N. sativa are mainly concentrated in the fixed or essential oil of seeds, which are responsible for most health benefits. This review will provide all updated reported activities of this plant with an emphasis on the antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory effects. Results of various studies have demonstrated that the oil, extracts, and their active ingredients, in particular, thymoquinone, possess antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory effects, supporting the common folk perception of N. Sativa as a potent analgesic and anti-inflammatory agent. Many protective properties are attributed to reproducible radical scavenging activity as well as an interaction with numerous molecular targets involved in inflammation, including proinflammatory enzymes and cytokines. However, there is a need for further investigations to find out the precise mechanisms responsible for the antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory effects of this plant and its active constituents.
    Planta Medica 09/2015; DOI:10.1055/s-0035-1557838
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    ABSTRACT: Epilepsy is a complex neurological disorder characterized by the repeated occurrence of electrical activity known as seizures. This activity induces increased intracellular calcium, which ultimately leads to neuronal damage. Houttuyniae Herba, the aerial part of Houttuynia cordata, has various pharmacological effects and is widely used as a traditional herb. In the present study, we evaluated the protective effects of Houttuyniae Herba water extract on kainic acid-induced neurotoxicity. Kainic acid directly acts on calcium release, resulting in seizure behavior, neuronal damage, and cognitive impairment. In a rat primary hippocampal culture system, Houttuyniae Herba water extract significantly protected neuronal cells from kainic acid toxicity. In a seizure model where mice received intracerebellar kainic acid injections, Houttuyniae Herba water extract treatment resulted in a lower seizure stage score, ameliorated cognitive impairment, protected neuronal cells against kainic acid-induced toxicity, and suppressed neuronal degeneration in the hippocampus. In addition, Houttuyniae Herba water extract regulated increases in the intracellular calcium level, its related downstream pathways (reactive oxygen species production and mitochondrial dysfunction), and calcium/calmodulin complex kinase type II immunoreactivity in the mouse hippocampus, which resulted from calcium influx stimulation induced by kainic acid. These results demonstrate the neuroprotective effects of Houttuyniae Herba water extract through inhibition of calcium generation in a kainic acid-induced epileptic model.
    Planta Medica 09/2015; DOI:10.1055/s-0035-1557832
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    ABSTRACT: Lophanthera lactescens is a medicinal plant commonly used in traditional medicine to relieve fever and pain in inflammatory processes. In the present study, the in vivo antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory effects of the methanolic extract from L. lactescens have been investigated. Antinociceptive activity was evaluated through writhing, formalin, and tail flick tests, while the anti-inflammatory activity was evaluated through paw oedema and air pouch tests in mice. A phytochemical analysis was performed. The extract produced significant inhibition on nociception induced by acetic acid-induced abdominal writhing, formalin, and tail flick tests, and on inflammation induced by oedema and air pouch tests. The previous administration of atropine and glibenclamide reduced the antinociceptive effect produced by the methanolic extract from L. lactescens on the tail flick test in 89 % and 66 %, respectively. The methanolic extract had no significant effect in the open field test. No intoxication symptoms were observed in the animals administered orally at increasing doses up to 2000 mg/kg. The methanolic extract from the stem bark of L. lactescens possesses antinociceptive properties on models of acute pain induced by chemical and thermal stimuli as well as in models of inflammation and further suggests that this anti-inflammatory activity might involve inhibition of the proinflammatory cytokines, and the antinociceptive activity might involve participation of the cholinergic system and adenosine triphosphate-dependent K+ channel. Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.
    Planta Medica 08/2015; DOI:10.1055/s-0035-1557837
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    ABSTRACT: During hyperglycemia, the first step toward the formation of advanced glycation end products is the nonenzymatic glycation between the carbonyl group of a sugar and the primary amino group of a protein. Advanced glycation end products are then produced through more complex reactions. Reactive oxygen species derived from advanced glycation end products may play a key role in inflammation of the endothelium, leading to the complications seen in diabetes. Glycolaldehyde-induced advanced glycation end products have been reported to express proinflammatory cytokines, such as tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin-1β. This study focused on Capsosiphon fulvescens, a Capsosiphonaceae type of green algae that has shown potential as a functional food material. Pheophorbide a, an anti-glycation compound, was isolated from C. fulvescens by extraction using a mixture of ethanol and water, followed by column fractionation of the resulting extract. The compound separated from C. fulvescens was identified by means of high-performance liquid chromatography combined with mass spectrometry. Pheophorbide a showed scavenging activity of the intracellular reactive oxygen species as well as monocyte adhesiveness inhibitory activity on the human myelomonocytic cell line (THP-1) and human umbilical vein endothelial cells cocultivation system. The mRNA levels of inflammation-related genes such as monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 and interleukin-6 were significantly decreased by pheophorbide a, and advanced glycation end products-stimulated tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin-1β were downregulated as well. These results indicate that pheophorbide a has significant reactive oxygen species-scavenging activity, monocyte adhesive inhibitory activity, and downregulatory activity of cytokines related to inflammation affecting the endothelium. Pheophorbide a could therefore be a promising candidate for modulating endothelial cell dysfunction. Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.
    Planta Medica 08/2015; DOI:10.1055/s-0035-1557829