Planta Medica

Publisher: Gesellschaft für Arzneipflanzenforschung, Georg Thieme Verlag

Journal description

Current impact factor: 2.35

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2015
2011 Impact Factor 2.153

Additional details

5-year impact 2.46
Cited half-life 0.00
Immediacy index 0.30
Eigenfactor 0.01
Article influence 0.53
Other titles Planta medica (En ligne), Planta medica
ISSN 1439-0221
OCLC 182630769
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Georg Thieme Verlag

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    • 'Georg Thieme Verlag' is an imprint of 'Thieme Publishing'
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Publications in this journal

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    ABSTRACT: This in vitro study aimed to determine the effects of a Panax ginseng extract on aristolochic acid-mediated toxicity in HK-2 cells. A methanolic extract of ginseng (50 µg/mL) was able to reduce cell survival after treatment with 50 µM aristolochic acid for 24, 48, and 72 h, as evidenced by a resazurin reduction assay. This result was confirmed by a flow cytometric evaluation of apoptosis using annexin V-PI staining, and indicated higher apoptosis rates in cells treated with aristolochic acid and P. ginseng extract compared with aristolochic acid alone. However, P. ginseng extract by itself (5 and 50 µg/mL) increased the Ki-67 index, indicating an enhancement in cellular proliferation. Cell cycle analysis excluded a P. ginseng extract-mediated induction of G2/M cell cycle arrest such as the one typically observed with aristolochic acid. Finally, β-catenin acquisition was found to be accelerated when cells were treated with both doses of ginseng, suggesting that the epithelial phenotype of renal proximal tubular epithelial cells was maintained. Also, ginseng treatment (5 and 50 µg/mL) reduced the oxidative stress activity induced by aristolochic acid after 24 and 48 h. These results indicate that the ginseng extract has a protective activity towards the generation of cytotoxic reactive oxygen species induced by aristolochic acid. However, the ginseng-mediated alleviation of oxidative stress did not correlate with a decrease but rather with an increase in aristolochic acid-induced apoptosis and death. This deleterious herb-herb interaction could worsen aristolochic acid tubulotoxicity and reinforce the severity and duration of the injury. Nevertheless, increased cellular proliferation and migration, along with the improvement in the epithelial phenotype maintenance, indicate that ginseng could be useful for improving tubular regeneration and the recovery following drug-induced kidney injury. Such dual activities of ginseng certainly warrant further in vivo studies. Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.
    Planta Medica 03/2015; DOI:10.1055/s-0035-1545839
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    ABSTRACT: Spikenard, the dried roots of Nardostachys chinensis, contains sesquiterpenoids and is widely used as an herbal tranquilizer. We previously demonstrated that spikenard vapor showed a sedative effect when administered by inhalation, and we identified hydrocarbon sesquiterpenoids as active components. Here we investigated the other components that contribute to the effects of spikenard. Six oxygenated sesquiterpenoids, including aristolane- and guaiane-types, were isolated from an acetone extract of spikenard. We evaluated the sedative activities of these oxygenated compounds using an inhalation administration method in a caffeine-treated excitatory mouse model. We identified aristolen-1(10)-en-9-ol and patchouli alcohol as highly effective sedative components. These compounds inhibited locomotion in mice by approximately 60 % at a dose of 300 µg/cage. In addition, aristolen-1(10)-en-9-ol prolonged pentobarbital-induced sleep to the same extent as 1 mg/kg diazepam. This effect completely disappeared with the administration of the GABAA-benzodiazepine receptor antagonist flumazenil (3 mg/kg), suggesting that the sedative effect of aristolen-1(10)-en-9-ol is expressed via the GABAergic system. Furthermore, differently from diazepam, inhalation of aristolen-1(10)-en-9-ol for 1 h did not affect the motor coordination in the rota-rod test. In the present study, we identified active components and provided evidence supporting the traditional sedative use of spikenard. Our research suggests that aristolen-1(10)-en-9-ol may be an effective aromatherapy, providing mild sedation. Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.
    Planta Medica 03/2015; DOI:10.1055/s-0035-1545725
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    ABSTRACT: A new prenylated xanthone, 1,3,5,8-tetrahydroxy-2-(3-methybut-2-enyl)-4-(3,7-dimethylocta-2,6-dienyl) xanthone (1), and a new benzophenone (2), together with four known xanthone derivatives, cheffouxanthone (3), smeathxanthone A (4), smeathxanthone B (5), ananixanthone (6), and two pentacyclic triterpenes, epi-friedelinol (7) and friedelin (8), were isolated from the stem bark of Garcinia smeathmannii. The structures of the compounds were elucidated on the basis of 1D and 2D NMR experiments, and compound 2 was further characterized and confirmed by single X-ray analysis. Compounds 1, 2, and 3 exhibited the most prominent antibacterial activity against gram-positive Enterococcus faecalis with minimal inhibitory concentration values of 8, 8, and 2 µg/mL, respectively, while compounds 1, 3, 4, and 6 showed the capacity to scavenge free radicals. Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.
    Planta Medica 03/2015; DOI:10.1055/s-0035-1545841
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    ABSTRACT: Aqueous extracts of Stevia rebaudiana leaves have been approved since 2008 by the Joint Expert Committee for Food Additives as sugar substitutes in many food and beverages in Western and Far East Asian countries. The compounds responsible for the natural sweetness of Stevia leaves include a diversity of diterpenoid glycosides derived from a steviol skeleton. These steviol glycosides also exhibit a low calorific value as well as promising therapeutic applications, particularly for the treatment of sugar metabolism disturbances. In this work, centrifugal partition chromatography is proposed as an efficient technical alternative to purify steviol glycosides from crude aqueous extracts of Stevia leaves on a multigram scale. Two different commercial instruments, including an ASCPC250® and a FCPE300® made of columns containing 1890 and 231 twin-cells, respectively, were evaluated and compared. All experiments were performed with a polar biphasic solvent system composed of ethyl acetate, n-butanol, and water in a gradient elution mode. When using the 1890 partition cell centrifugal partition chromatography column of 250 mL, 42 mg of stevioside, 68 mg of dulcoside A, and 172 mg of rebaudioside A, three major constituents of the initial extract were obtained from 1 g of the initial mixture at purities of 81 %, 83 %, and 99 %, respectively. The productivity was further improved by intensifying the procedure on the 231 partition cell centrifugal partition chromatography column of 303 mL with the sample mass loading increased up to 5 g, resulting in the recovery of 1.2 g of stevioside, 100 mg of dulcoside A, and 1.1 g of rebaudioside A at purities of 79 %, 62 %, and 98 %, respectively. The structures of the isolated compounds were validated by HPLC-UV, ESI-MS, (1)H, and (13)C NMR analyses. Altogether, the results demonstrate that the column design (i.e., the partition cell number) is an important aspect to be considered for a larger scale centrifugal partition chromatography isolation of Stevia-derived natural sweeteners. Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.
    Planta Medica 03/2015; DOI:10.1055/s-0035-1545840
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    ABSTRACT: The present study aimed to investigate the anti-inflammatory activity of the ethanolic extract of the aerial parts of Trichosanthes dioica and its successive fractions. The effect on oxidative stress involved in the pathogenesis of inflammation was evaluated. The ethanolic extract and its successive fractions were administered at a dose of 150 and 300 mg/kg b. w. for testing their anti-inflammatory activity by a carrageenan-induced edema model. The results showed that the ethyl acetate fraction exhibited significant potency against inflammation. Pertaining to mechanistic insight, the anti-inflammatory effect might be attributed to the attenuation in tumor necrosis factor-α level (ELISA assay) and reduced expression of cyclooxygenase-2 and nuclear transcription factor-κB (immunohistochemistry). The alleviation in oxidative stress has been pertinent to the elevation in the activities of antioxidant enzymes (superoxide dismutase, catalase, and glutathione) by active fractions. Furthermore, the ulcerogenic effect was insignificant even at a three times higher dose. Finally, it was concluded that the ethyl acetate fraction which showed significant biological potential against inflammation and oxidative stress could be viewed as a source of effective treatment. Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.
    Planta Medica 03/2015; DOI:10.1055/s-0035-1545726
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to use the pharmacokinetic information of avicularin in rats to project a dose for humans using allometric scaling. A highly sensitive and specific bioanalytical assay to determine avicularin concentrations in the plasma was developed and validated for UPLC-MS/MS. The plasma protein binding of avicularin in rat plasma determined by the ultrafiltration method was 64 %. The pharmacokinetics of avicularin in nine rats was studied following an intravenous bolus administration of 1 mg/kg and was found to be best described by a two-compartment model using a nonlinear mixed effects modeling approach. The pharmacokinetic parameters were allometrically scaled by body weight and centered to the median rat weight of 0.23 kg, with the power coefficient fixed at 0.75 for clearance and 1 for volume parameters. Avicularin was rapidly eliminated from the systemic circulation within 1 h post-dose, and the avicularin pharmacokinetic was linear up to 5 mg/kg based on exposure comparison to literature data for a 5-mg/kg single dose in rats. Using allometric scaling and Monte Carlo simulation approaches, the rat doses of 1 and 5 mg/kg correspond to the human equivalent doses of 30 and 150 mg, respectively, to achieve comparable plasma avicularin concentrations in humans. Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.
    Planta Medica 03/2015; DOI:10.1055/s-0035-1545728
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    ABSTRACT: In traditional medicine, the oleoresinous gum of Pistacia lentiscus var. chia, so-called mastic gum, has been used to treat multiple conditions such as coughs, sore throats, eczema, dyslipidemia, and diabetes. Mastic gum is rich in triterpenes, which have been postulated to exert antidiabetic effects and improve lipid metabolism. In fact, there is evidence of oleanonic acid, a constituent of mastic gum, acting as a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ agonist, and mastic gum being antidiabetic in mice in vivo. Despite these findings, the exact antidiabetic mechanism of mastic gum remains unknown. Glucocorticoids play a key role in regulating glucose and fatty acid metabolism, and inhibition of 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase 1 that converts inactive cortisone to active cortisol has been proposed as a promising approach to combat metabolic disturbances including diabetes. In this study, a pharmacophore-based virtual screening was applied to filter a natural product database for possible 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase 1 inhibitors. The hit list analysis was especially focused on the triterpenoids present in Pistacia species. Multiple triterpenoids, such as masticadienonic acid and isomasticadienonic acid, main constituents of mastic gum, were identified. Indeed, masticadienonic acid and isomasticadienonic acid selectively inhibited 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase 1 over 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase 2 at low micromolar concentrations. These findings suggest that inhibition of 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase 1 contributes to the antidiabetic activity of mastic gum. Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.
    Planta Medica 03/2015; DOI:10.1055/s-0035-1545720
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    ABSTRACT: Marine sponges are rich sources of natural products exhibiting diverse biological activities. Bioactivity-guided fractionation of the Red Sea sponge Callyspongia aff. implexa led to the isolation of two new compounds, 26,27-bisnorcholest-5,16-dien-23-yn-3β,7α-diol, gelliusterol E (1) and C27-polyacetylene, callimplexen A (2), in addition to the known compound β-sitosterol (3). The structures of the isolated compounds were determined by 1D- and 2D-NMR techniques as well as high-resolution tandem mass spectrometry and by comparison to the literature. The three compounds (1-3) were tested against Chlamydia trachomatis, an obligate intracellular gram-negative bacterium, which is the leading cause of ocular and genital infections worldwide. Only gelliusterol E (1) inhibited the formation and growth of chlamydial inclusions in a dose-dependent manner with an IC50 value of 2.3 µM. Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.
    Planta Medica 03/2015; DOI:10.1055/s-0035-1545721
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    ABSTRACT: Alzheimer's disease is a rising threat for modern societies as more and more people reach old age. To date, there is no effective treatment for this condition. In this study, we investigated the potential of Glycyrrhiza uralensis to counteract amyloid-β toxicity, one of the key features of Alzheimer's disease. An LC-MS/MS analysis revealed glycyrrhizic acid and glycosylated forms of isoliquiritigenin and liquiritigenin as major constituents of water and methanol extracts of G. uralensis. These extracts and the pure compounds were tested for their activity in two Caenorhabditis elegans models of amyloid-β aggregation and amyloid-β toxicity, respectively. The number of amyloid-β aggregates decreased by 30 % after treatment with isoliquiritigenin, the methanol extract could reduce the number by 14 %, liquiritigenin and glycyrrhizic acid by 15 %, and the aglycon of glycyrrhizic acid, glycyrrhetinic acid, by 20 %. Both extracts and isoliquiritigenin also showed significant activity against acute amyloid-β toxicity in transgenic C. elegans that express human amyloid-β peptides, delaying the paralysis in this model by 1.8 h and 1.1 h, respectively. We conclude that secondary compounds of G. uralensis may become interesting drug candidates for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease, which, however, need further analysis in other model systems. Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.
    Planta Medica 03/2015; DOI:10.1055/s-0035-1545724
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    ABSTRACT: Five new cucurbitacins, kuguacins II-VI (1-5), along with five known analogues (6-10), were obtained from the fruit of Momordica charantia. Structures of the new compounds were elucidated as 5β,19-epoxycucurbit-23-en-7-on-3β,25-diol (1), 5β,19-epoxycucurbit-7,23-dion-3β,25-diol (2), 5β,19-epoxycucurbit-6-en-19,23-dion-3β,25-diol (3), 5β,19-epoxy-23,24,25,26,27-pentanorcucurbit-6-en-7,19-dion-3β,22-diol (4), and cucurbit-5-en-7,23-dion-3β,19,25-triol (5) by extensive spectroscopic and single-crystal X-ray diffraction analyses. Some cucurbitane compounds from this species were screened for their potential antidiabetic properties in terms of antigluconeogenic activity. As a result, compounds 1, 10, 11, and 12 (at 25-100 µM) showed concentration-dependent inhibition on glucose production from liver cells. In addition, compounds 11 and 12 (at 100 µM) showed around 20-30 % inhibition on PEPCK activity. Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.
    Planta Medica 03/2015; 81(4):327-32. DOI:10.1055/s-0035-1545695
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    ABSTRACT: Hyperuricemia has been considered to be a key risk factor for kidney disease. The formation of uric acid crystals in the kidney further stimulates an intensive inflammatory response. Rhein possesses various pharmacological activities, including anti-inflammatory, antioxidative, antitumor, purgative effects, and so on. To our knowledge, no previous work has been reported about the therapeutic effect of rhein on urate nephropathy. In this study, a model of hyperuricemia and nephropathy induced by adenine and ethambutol in mice was established. Meanwhile, the potential beneficial effects and mechanisms of rhein on hyperuricemia and nephropathy were also investigated. The results demonstrated that rhein significantly decreased the serum uric acid level by inhibiting the xanthine oxidase activity and increasing the excretion of urinary uric acid. In addition, rhein also markedly improved kidney damage related to hyperuricemia. Further investigation indicated that rhein improved the symptoms of nephropathy through decreasing the production of proinflammatory cytokines, including interleukin 1β, prostaglandin E2, and tumor necrosis factor-α and inhibiting the expression of transforming growth factor-β1. The present study suggests that rhein may have a considerable potential for development as an anti-hyperuricemic and nephroprotective agent for clinical application. Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.
    Planta Medica 03/2015; 81(4):279-85. DOI:10.1055/s-0034-1396241
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    ABSTRACT: Four new meroterpenoids, arnebinols A-D (1-4), and one new prenylated naphthoquinone, 5,8-O-dimethyl-11-deoxyalkannin (5), together with seven known meroterpenoids (6-12) were isolated from the roots of Arnebia euchroma. The structures of the isolated compounds were elucidated unambiguously by spectroscopic data analysis, as well as X-ray-single crystal diffraction analysis. Arnebinol A (1) and B (2) are rare meroterpenoids possessing a 6/10/5 tricyclic ring system. Compounds 1-12 were evaluated for their cytotoxicities against MG-63 and SNU387 human cancer cell lines. Compound 5 exhibited the most potent activity with IC50 values of 2.69 µM and 6.08 µM, respectively. Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.
    Planta Medica 03/2015; 81(4):320-6. DOI:10.1055/s-0035-1545693
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    ABSTRACT: Acorus calamus and its related species are of significant importance to the food and fragrance industries due to their varied applications. They are also a cause of critical concern due to their toxic β-asarone content. Several toxicity cases have occurred due to high β-asarone compositions in food products. Hence, limits for their use are strictly regulated by the Food and Drug Administration, the European Union, and legislations of different countries. The identification of species with a lower β-asarone content is of great significance. In this report, the metabolite profiles and essential oil content of A. calamus and Acorus tatarinowii rhizomes were analysed and compared using UHPLC-QTOF-MS and GC-MS techniques. The metabolite profiles were similar; however, β-asarone content was higher in A. calamus rhizomes. The developed methods can be applied for microscopic and macroscopic identification, and quality control of food products containing β-asarone. Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.
    Planta Medica 03/2015; 81(4):333-41. DOI:10.1055/s-0035-1545694
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    ABSTRACT: Natural products are made by nature through interaction with biosynthetic enzymes. They also exert their effect as drugs by interaction with proteins. To address the question "Do biosynthetic enzymes and therapeutic targets share common mechanisms for the molecular recognition of natural products?", we compared the active site of five flavonoid biosynthetic enzymes to 8077 ligandable binding sites in the Protein Data Bank using two three-dimensional-based methods (SiteAlign and Shaper). Virtual screenings efficiently retrieved known flavonoid targets, in particular protein kinases. A consistent performance obtained for variable site descriptions (presence/absence of water, variable boundaries, or small structural changes) indicated that the methods are robust and thus well suited for the identification of potential target proteins of natural products. Finally, our results suggested that flavonoid binding is not primarily driven by shape, but rather by the recognition of common anchoring points. Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.
    Planta Medica 02/2015; DOI:10.1055/s-0035-1545697
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    ABSTRACT: The adverse effects of anticancer drugs can prompt patients to end their treatment despite the efficacy. Cisplatin is a platinum-based molecule widely used to treat various forms of cancer, but frequent and long-term use of cisplatin is limited due to severe nephrotoxicity. In the present study, we investigated the protective effect and mechanism of tetrahydrocurcumin on cisplatin-induced kidney damage, oxidative stress, and inflammation to evaluate its possible use in renal damage. Cisplatin-induced LLC-PK1 renal cell damage was significantly reduced by tetrahydrocurcumin treatment. Additionally, the protective effect of tetrahydrocurcumin on cisplatin-induced oxidative renal damage was investigated in rats. Tetrahydrocurcumin was orally administered every day at a dose of 80 mg/kg body weight for ten days, and a single dose of cisplatin was administered intraperitoneally (7.5 mg/kg body weight) in 0.9 % saline on day four. The creatinine clearance levels, which were markers of renal dysfunction, in cisplatin-treated rats were recovered nearly back to normal levels after administration of tetrahydrocurcumin. Moreover, tetrahydrocurcumin exhibited protective effects against cisplatin-induced oxidative renal damage in rats by inhibiting cyclooxygenase-2 and caspase-3 activation. These results collectively provide therapeutic evidence that tetrahydrocurcumin ameliorates renal damage by regulating inflammation and apoptosis. Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.
    Planta Medica 02/2015; DOI:10.1055/s-0035-1545696
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    ABSTRACT: We present the application of the generative topographic map algorithm to visualize the chemical space populated by natural products and synthetic drugs. Generative topographic maps may be used for nonlinear dimensionality reduction and probabilistic modeling. For compound mapping, we represented the molecules by two-dimensional pharmacophore features (chemically advanced template search descriptor). The results obtained suggest a close resemblance of synthetic drugs with natural products in terms of their pharmacophore features, despite pronounced differences in chemical structure. Generative topographic map-based cluster analysis revealed both known and new potential activities of natural products and drug-like compounds. We conclude that the generative topographic map method is suitable for inferring functional similarities between these two classes of compounds and predicting macromolecular targets of natural products. Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.
    Planta Medica 02/2015; DOI:10.1055/s-0034-1396322
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    ABSTRACT: Previous works have shown that extracts obtained from Ageratina pichinchensis are capable of reducing the time needed for wounds to heal. By means of a randomized, double-blind pilot study, the objective of this work was to evaluate the effectiveness and tolerability of a phytopharmaceutical developed with a standardized extract (5 %, cream formulation) of A. pichinchensis, topically administered in patients with diabetic foot ulcer. Micronized silver sulfadiazine (1 %) was employed as a control treatment. Treatments were randomly assigned to each patient, and clinical evolution was evaluated weekly until complete healing of the wound. All patients who concluded the study achieved complete healing of their ulcers. After six weeks of treatment, patients in the experimental group exhibited a wound-healing process of 77.5 %, while that of patients in the control group was 69.8 %. A statistically significant difference was not found between groups. The average time needed for complete wound healing was 65.47 ± 47.08 days for patients treated with the A. pichinchensis extract and 77.46 ± 50.8 days for patients in the control group (p = 0.509). There was no case in either of the groups in which adverse side effects were identified. Thus, it was concluded that the A. pichinchensis extract showed the ability to improve the healing process in patients with diabetic foot ulcer; however, no statistically significant differences were observed when compared with results obtained in patients administered the control treatment (micronized silver sulfadiazine). Some limitations of this study must be addressed, such as small sample size. This work comprises a pilot study that could be useful in a future clinical trial with a greater number of patients. Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.
    Planta Medica 02/2015; DOI:10.1055/s-0034-1396315
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    ABSTRACT: The sesquiterpene zerumbone, isolated from the rhizome of Zingiber zerumbet Sm., besides its widespread use as a food flavouring and appetiser, is also recommended in traditional medicine for the treatment of several ailments. It has attracted great attention recently for its effective chemopreventive and therapeutic effects observed in various models of cancer. To assess the zerumbone safety profile, a pharmacology study designed to flag any potential adverse effect on vasculature was performed. Zerumbone was tested for vasorelaxing activity on rat aorta rings and for L-type Ba(2+) current blocking activity on single myocytes isolated from the rat-tail artery. The spasmolytic effect of zerumbone was more marked on rings stimulated with 60 mM than with 30 mM K(+) (IC50 values of 16 µM and 102 µM, respectively). In the presence of 60 mM K(+), zerumbone concentration-dependently inhibited the contraction induced by the cumulative additions of Ca(2+), this inhibition being inversely related to the Ca(2+) concentration. Phenylephrine-induced contraction was inhibited by the drug, though less efficiently and independently of the presence of an intact endothelium, without affecting Ca(2+) release from the intracellular stores. Zerumbone inhibited the L-type Ba(2+) current (estimated IC50 value of 458.7 µM) and accelerated the kinetics of current decay. In conclusion, zerumbone showed an overall weak in vitro vasodilating activity, partly attributable to the blocking of the L-type Ca(2+) channel, which does not seem to represent, however, a serious threat to its widespread use. Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.
    Planta Medica 02/2015; DOI:10.1055/s-0034-1396307
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    ABSTRACT: Boswellic acids have long been considered the main bioactive components of frankincense, and many studies in vitro and in animals as well as several clinical studies have confirmed their various bioactivities. In particular, a large number of mechanistic studies have confirmed their anti-inflammatory and antitumor activities. However, not every boswellic acid exhibits a satisfactory pharmacological performance, which depends on the chemical structure and functional groups of the acid. To enhance the pharmacological values of boswellic acids, derivatization has been specifically applied with the aim of discovering more active derivatives of BAs. In addition, the preliminary pharmacokinetic studies of these compounds using various standard methods show their poor bioavailability in humans and rodents, which has led to questions of their pharmacological relevance and potentially limits their use in clinical practice and pharmaceutical development. To improve these effects, some approaches have shown some improvements in effectiveness, and the new formula compatibility approach is considered a very reasonable method for improving the bioavailability of boswellic acids. Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.
    Planta Medica 02/2015; DOI:10.1055/s-0034-1396313
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    ABSTRACT: Some polyphenols, obtained from plants of broad use, induce a favorable endothelial response in hypertension and beneficial effects in the management of other metabolic cardiovascular risks. Previous studies in our laboratories using the calyces of Hibiscus sabdariffa as a source of polyphenols show that significant effects on hypertension are noticeable in humans only when provided in high amounts. Available data are suggestive in animal models and ex vivo experiments, but data in humans are difficult to acquire. Additionally, and despite the low bioavailability of polyphenols, intervention studies provide evidence for the protective effects of secondary plant metabolites. Assumptions on public health benefits are limited by the lack of scientific knowledge, robust data derived from large randomized clinical trials, and an accurate assessment of the bioactive components provided by common foodstuff. Because it is likely that clinical effects are the result of multiple interactions among different polyphenols rather than the isolated action of unique compounds, to provide polyphenol-rich botanical extracts as dietary supplements is a suggestive option. Unfortunately, the lack of patent perspectives for the pharmaceutical industries and the high cost of production and release for alimentary industries will hamper the performance of the necessary clinical trials. Here we briefly discuss whether and how such limitations may complicate the extensive use of plant-derived products in the management of hypertension and which steps are the necessary to deal with the predictable complexity in a possible clinical practice. Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.
    Planta Medica 02/2015; DOI:10.1055/s-0034-1396310