European Journal of Nutrition Impact Factor & Information

Publisher: Springer Verlag

Journal description

The European Journal of Nutrition publishes original papers invited reviews and short communications in nutritional sciences. The major focus of manuscripts submitted to the Eur J Nutr should consequently be on: cellular and molecular aspects of nutrition mechanistic studies on interactions between nutrients and non-nutrient food components on cell organ and body functions epidemiology with emphasis on the use of biomarkers nutrient metabolism in humans studies on the relation between individual genetic susceptibility nutrition and disease regulation of gene expression through nutrients or non-nutrient food components Animal nutrition studies will only be considered for publication if a strong relation to actual problems in human nutrition is presented. Indexing and Abstract Services

Current impact factor: 3.47

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2016
2014 Impact Factor 3.467
2013 Impact Factor 3.84
2012 Impact Factor 3.127
2011 Impact Factor 2.75
2010 Impact Factor 3.343
2009 Impact Factor 2.866
2008 Impact Factor 1.899
2007 Impact Factor 2.098
2006 Impact Factor 2.356
2005 Impact Factor 2.257
2004 Impact Factor 2.098
2003 Impact Factor 1.684
2002 Impact Factor 1.644
2001 Impact Factor 2.13
2000 Impact Factor 2.059

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 3.26
Cited half-life 4.80
Immediacy index 0.93
Eigenfactor 0.01
Article influence 0.85
Website European Journal of Nutrition website
Other titles European journal of nutrition (Online)
ISSN 1436-6215
OCLC 42848305
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Springer Verlag

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  • Classification

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Purpose: Growth hormone (GH) controls liver metabolism through the transcription factor signal transducer and activator of transcription 5 (STAT5). However, it remains to be fully understood to what extent other GH/STAT5 target tissues contribute to lipid and glucose metabolism. This question was now addressed in muscle-specific STAT5 knockout (STAT5 MKO) mice model. Methods: Changes in lipid and glucose metabolism were investigated at physiological and molecular levels in muscle and liver tissues of STAT5 MKO mice under normal diet or high-fat diet (HFD) conditions. Results: STAT5 MKO mice exhibited an increased intramyocellular lipid (IMCL) accumulation in the quadriceps in HFD group. Decreased lipolytic hormone-sensitive lipase transcript levels may contribute to the increased IMCL accumulation in STAT5 MKO mice. STAT5 MKO induced hepatic lipid accumulation without deregulated STAT5 signaling. The upregulation of lipoprotein lipase and Cd36 mRNA levels, an increased trend of very low-density lipoprotein receptor mRNA levels, and elevated circulating concentrations of free fatty acid, triglyceride, and total cholesterol support the increase in hepatic lipid accumulation. Conclusions: STAT5 MKO in conjunction with a HFD deregulated both lipid and glucose metabolism in skeletal muscle, and this deregulation induced hepatic fat accumulation via increased circulating glucose, FFA, and TG concentrations. Our study emphasizes that muscle-specific STAT5 signaling is important for balancing lipid and glucose metabolism in peripheral tissues, including muscle and liver and that the deregulation of local STAT5 signaling augments HFD-induced lipid accumulation in both muscle and liver.
    European Journal of Nutrition 11/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00394-015-1101-0
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: The present placebo-controlled, double-blind, randomized trial aimed to investigate whether a natural mineral water rich in magnesium sulphate and sodium sulphate (Donat Mg) may help to improve bowel function. Methods: A total of 106 otherwise healthy subjects with functional constipation were randomly assigned to consume 300 or 500 mL of a natural mineral water as compared to placebo water, over a course of 6 weeks. The 300-mL arms were terminated due to the results of a planned interim analysis. Subjects documented the complete spontaneous bowel movements, spontaneous and overall bowel movements/week, stool consistency, gastrointestinal symptoms and general well-being in a diary. Change in the number of complete spontaneous bowel movements was defined as the primary outcome. Results: For the 75 subjects in the 500-mL arms, the change in the number of complete spontaneous bowel movements per week tended to be higher in the active group when compared to placebo after 6 weeks (T2 = 1.8; p value = 0.036; one-sided). The mean number of spontaneous bowel movements significantly increased over the course of the study, with significant differences between study arms considering the whole study time (F test = 4.743; p time × group = 0.010, 2-sided). Stool consistency of spontaneous bowel movements (p < 0.001) and the subjectively perceived symptoms concerning constipation (p = 0.005) improved significantly with the natural mineral water as compared to placebo. Conclusions: The daily consumption of a natural mineral water rich in magnesium sulphate and sodium sulphate improved bowel movement frequency and stool consistency in subjects with functional constipation. Moreover, the subjects' health-related quality of life improved. Clinical trial registration: EudraCT No 2012-005130-11.
    European Journal of Nutrition 11/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00394-015-1094-8
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: Green tea may have a beneficial role of inhibiting leukemia. Glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) are known to detoxify certain carcinogens. We investigated the roles of green tea consumption and polymorphisms of GSTM1, GSTT1 and GSTP1 on the risk of adult leukemia, and to determine whether the associations varied within GSTs genotypes. Methods: A multicenter case-control study was conducted in China, 2008-2013. It comprised 442 incident, hematologically confirmed adult leukemia cases and 442 outpatient controls, individually matched to cases by gender, birth quinquennium and study site. Data were collected by face-to-face interview using a validated questionnaire. Genetic polymorphisms were assayed by PCR. Results: An inverse association between green tea consumption and adult leukemia risk was observed. Compared with non-tea drinkers, the adjusted odds ratios (95 % confidence intervals) were 0.50 (0.27-0.93), 0.31 (0.17-0.55) and 0.53 (0.29-0.99) for those who, respectively, consumed green tea >20 years, ≥2 cups daily and dried tea leaves >1000 g annually. In assessing the associations by GSTs genotypes, risk reduction associated with green tea consumption was stronger in individuals with the GSTT1-null genotype (OR 0.24; 95 % CI 0.11-0.53) than GSTT1-normal carriers (OR 0.67; 95 % CI 0.42-1.05; P interaction = 0.02). GSTM1 and GSTP1 did not significantly modify the inverse association of leukemia with green tea. Conclusions: The results suggest that regular daily green tea consumption may reduce leukemia risk in Chinese adults regardless of GSTM1 and GSTP1 polymorphic status. The association between green tea and adult leukemia risk varied with GSTT1 genotype and highlights further study.
    European Journal of Nutrition 11/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00394-015-1104-x
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: Xenobiotic metabolism is related to the interplay between diet and breast cancer (BC) risk. This involves detoxification enzymes, which are polymorphic and metabolise various dietary metabolites. An important characteristic of this pathway is that chemoprotective micronutrients can act not only as substrates but also as inducers for these enzymes. We investigated whether functional GSTP1 (p.Ile105Val-rs1695), NAT2 (590G>A-rs1799930) SNPs and GSTM1 and GSTT1 deletion polymorphisms could modulate the effect of the Mediterranean diet (MD) on BC risk, in Greek-Cypriot women. Methods: Genotyping was performed on women from the MASTOS case-control study of BC in Cyprus. A 32-item food-frequency questionnaire was used to obtain dietary intake information. A dietary pattern, which closely resembles the MD (high loadings of vegetables, fruit, legumes and fish), was previously derived with principal component analysis and was used as our dietary variable. Results: GSTT1 null genotype increased BC risk compared with the homozygous non-null GSTT1 genotype (OR 1.21, 95 % CI 1.01-1.45). Increasing adherence to the MD reduced BC risk in women with at least one GSTP1 Ile allele (OR for Ile/Ile = 0.84, 95 % CI 0.74-0.95, for Ile/Val = 0.73, 95 % CI 0.62-0.85) or one NAT2 590G allele (OR for 590 GG = 0.73, 95 % CI 0.63-0.83, for 590 GA = 0.81, 95 % CI 0.70-0.94). p interaction values were not, however, statistically significant. Conclusion: The homozygous null GSTT1 genotype could be a risk allele for BC among Greek-Cypriot women. The anticarcinogenic effects of the high adherence to MD against BC risk could also be further enhanced when combined with the wild-type alleles of the detoxification GSTP1 or NAT2 SNPs.
    European Journal of Nutrition 11/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00394-015-1099-3
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: Vitamin D may reduce telomere shortening through anti-inflammatory and anti-cell proliferation mechanisms. In women, higher plasma 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) has been shown to be associated with longer telomere length, but the relationship has not been assessed in men. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of 25(OH)D, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D (1,25(OH)2D) and relative leukocyte telomere length (LTL) among 2483 men [1832 men for 1,25(OH)2D] who were selected as cases and controls in three studies of telomeres and cancer nested within the Health Professionals Follow-up Study. We also genotyped 95 SNPs representing common genetic variation in vitamin D pathway genes. LTL was measured by quantitative PCR, and z-scores within each study were calculated. Associations were assessed by linear as well as logistic regression adjusting for age and other potential confounders. Results: Age (P-trend < 0.0001), pack-years of smoking (P-trend = 0.04) and body mass index (P-trend = 0.05) were inversely associated with LTL. Neither 25(OH)D nor 1,25(OH)2D was associated with LTL (multivariable-adjusted P-trend 0.69 and 0.41, respectively, for the linear regression model). One SNP in the retinoid X receptor alpha gene was associated with long LTL (P = 0.0003). Conclusions: In this cross-sectional study of men, 25(OH)D and 1,25(OH)2D were not associated with relative LTL.
    European Journal of Nutrition 11/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00394-015-1095-7
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: The objective of this systematic review was to assess the effect of vitamin D supplementation on selected inflammatory biomarkers in obese and overweight subjects. Methods: The search process was based on the selection of publications (DB-RCT and RCT) listed in the following databases: PubMed, Web of Knowledge, Scopus, the Cochrane Library and Embase. To assess the study quality, a nine-point scoring system according to the Newcastle-Ottawa scale was used, and a high-quality study was defined by a threshold of ≥7 points. Thirteen randomized controlled trials were included. The analysed population consisted of 1955 overweight and obese subjects. The mean age ranged from 13.6 to 71.7 years. Changes in the concentration of 25-hydroxycholecalciferol (25(OH)D), C-reactive protein (CRP), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) and interleukin 6 (IL-6) were assessed. To combine individual study results, a meta-analysis was performed. Results: The baseline levels of 25(OH)D suggested vitamin D deficiency or insufficiency in the analysed population. The vitamin D supplementation did not influence on CRP (std. mean differences -0.11; 95 % CI -0.27-0.04; p = 0.15), TNF-α (std. mean differences -0.13; 95 % CI -0.38-0.12; p = 0.31) and IL-6 concentrations (std. mean differences 0.1; 95 % CI -0.43-0.63; p = 0.71). Conclusions: This meta-analysis suggests that supplementation with vitamin D does not have a significant influence on changes in the concentration of selected inflammatory biomarkers in the obese and overweight subjects.
    European Journal of Nutrition 11/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00394-015-1089-5
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction: Although empirically derived dietary patterns have been examined in relation to depression, limited data are available linking theory-based dietary patterns and psychological health. Objective: We aimed to investigate the association between adherence to DASH-style diet and psychological health among Iranian adults. Methods: This cross-sectional study was done among 3846 general public adults in Isfahan, Iran. Dietary assessment was conducted using a validated 106-item dish-based semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire. To investigate participants' adherence to DASH-style diet, we created DASH score based on earlier publications focusing on eight components (fruits, vegetables, nuts and legumes, dairy products, grains, sweetened beverages and sweets, sodium, and red and processed meats). Participants were classified into three categories based on their DASH score [low (≤40), moderate (41-50), and high adherence (≥51)]. This categorization, instead of distribution-based classification, was used due to low adherence to the DASH dietary pattern in the study population. Psychological health was examined by means of validated Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and General Health Questionnaire. Depression, anxiety, and psychological distress were defined based on standard criteria. Results: We found that moderate adherence to DASH-style diet was associated with lower odds of depression (OR 0.73; 95 % CI 0.59-0.90, P trend = 0.63) compared with those with the lowest adherence. In our stratified analyses, these associations remained significant for women (0.70; 0.54-0.91) and for normal-weight participants (0.70; 0.52-0.92). Moreover, after controlling for potential confounders, an inverse association was observed between high adherence to DASH-style diet and anxiety in normal-weight participants (0.61; 0.37-0.98). Such associations were also seen between moderate adherence to DASH-eating style and anxiety in overweight or obese individuals (0.63; 0.42-0.95). We failed to find any significant association between consumption of DASH-style diet and psychological distress. Conclusion: We found an inverse association between moderate adherence to DASH dietary pattern and depression. Further prospective studies are required to confirm these findings.
    European Journal of Nutrition 11/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00394-015-1081-0
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: Benzoxazinoids (BXs) are a group of wholegrain phytochemicals with potential pharmacological properties; however, limited information exists on their absorption, metabolism, and excretion in humans. The aim of this study was to investigate the dose-dependent uptake and excretion of dietary BXs in a healthy population. Methods: Blood and urine were collected from 19 healthy participants from a crossover study after a washout, a LOW BX diet or HIGH BX diet, and analysed for 12 BXs and 4 phenoxazinone derivatives. Results: We found that the plasma BX level peaked approximately 3 h after food intake, whereas BXs in urine were present even at 36 h after consuming a meal. No phenoxazinone derivatives could be detected in either plasma or urine. The dominant BX metabolite in both plasma and urine was 2-β-D-glucopyranosyloxy-1,4-benzoxazin-3-one (HBOA-Glc), even though 2-β-D-glucopyranosyloxy-4-hydroxy-1,4-benzoxazin-3-one (DIBOA-Glc) was the major component in the diet. Conclusion: The dietary BX treatment correlated well with the plasma and urine levels, illustrating strong dose-dependent BX absorption, which also had a rapid washout, especially from the plasma compartment.
    European Journal of Nutrition 10/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00394-015-1088-6
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: To examine the associations between the dietary intakes of certain B-vitamins from different food sources with the relevant plasma status indices in children. Methods: A representative subsample of 600 children aged 9-13 years from the Healthy Growth Study was selected. Dietary intakes of vitamins B2, B12, B6 and folate derived from different food sources were estimated. Plasma levels of vitamin B2 (or riboflavin), methylmalonic acid (MMA) and total homocysteine (tHcy) were also measured. Results: Plasma concentrations of vitamin B2 below 3 μg/L were found in 22.8 % of the children. Children in the lower quartile of dietary vitamin B2 intake were found to have the lowest plasma vitamin B2 levels compared to children in the upper three quartiles (5.06 ± 7.63 vs. 6.48 ± 7.88, 6.34 ± 7.63 and 6.05 ± 4.94 μg/L respectively; P = 0.003). Regarding vitamin B12 children in the lower quartile of dietary intake had higher mean plasma tHcy levels compared to children in the upper two quartiles, respectively (6.00 ± 1.79 vs. 5.41 ± 1.43 and 5.46 ± 1.64 μmol/L; P = 0.012). Positive linear associations were observed between plasma vitamin B2 levels and dietary vitamin B2 derived from milk and fruits (β = 0.133; P = 0.001 and β = 0.086; P = 0.037). Additionally, nonlinear associations were also observed between plasma vitamin B2 levels and vitamin B2 derived from red meat, as well as between tHcy levels and vitamins B12 and B6 derived from milk; vitamins B12, B6 and folate derived from cereal products and folate derived from fruits. Conclusion: A considerably high prevalence of poor plasma vitamin B2 status was observed in children. The intake of milk, fruits and cereals was associated with more favorable tHcy levels, while the intake of milk and fruits with more favorable plasma B2 levels. However, these findings need to be further confirmed from controlled dietary intervention studies examining the modulation of biomarkers of B-vitamins.
    European Journal of Nutrition 10/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00394-015-1082-z
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: Folic acid supplementation during pregnancy has been associated with a reduced risk of common neurodevelopmental delays in the offspring. However, it is unclear whether low folate status has effects on the developing brain. We evaluated the associations of maternal folic acid supplementation and folate concentrations during pregnancy with repeatedly measured prenatal and postnatal head circumference in the offspring. Methods: Within a population-based prospective cohort, we measured maternal plasma folate concentrations at approximately 13 weeks of gestation (90 % range 10.5-17.2) and assessed folic acid supplementation by questionnaire (2001-2005). Up to 11 repeated measures of head circumference were obtained during foetal life (20 and 30 weeks of gestation) and childhood (between birth and age 6 years) in 5866 children (2002-2012). Results: In unadjusted models, foetal head growth was 0.006 SD (95 % CI 0.003; 0.009, P < 0.001) faster per week per 1-SD higher maternal folate concentration. After adjustment for confounders, this association was attenuated to 0.004 SD per week (95 % CI 0.000; 0.007, P = 0.02; estimated absolute difference at birth of 2.7 mm). The association was independent of overall foetal growth. No associations were found between maternal folate concentrations and child postnatal head growth. Preconceptional start of folic acid supplementation was associated with larger prenatal head size, but not with prenatal or postnatal head growth. Conclusions: Our results suggest an independent, modest association between maternal folate concentrations in early pregnancy and foetal head growth. More research is needed to identify whether specific brain regions are affected and whether effects of folate on foetal head growth influence children's long-term functioning.
    European Journal of Nutrition 10/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00394-015-1058-z
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: We previously showed the deleterious effects of increased dietary protein on renal manifestations and glucose metabolism in leptin receptor-deficient (db) mice. Here, we further examined its effects on glucose metabolism, including urinary C-peptide. We also orally administered mixtures corresponding to low- or high-protein diets to diabetic mice. Methods: In diet experiments, under pair-feeding (equivalent energy and fat) conditions using a metabolic cage, mice were fed diets with different protein content (L diet: 12 % protein, 71 % carbohydrate, 17 % fat; H diet: 24 % protein, 59 % carbohydrate, 17 % fat) for 15 days. In oral administration experiments, the respective mixtures (L mixture: 12 % proline, 71 % maltose or starch, 17 % linoleic acid; H mixture: 24 % proline, 59 % maltose or starch, 17 % linoleic acid) were supplied to mice. Biochemical parameters related to glucose metabolism were measured. Results: The db-H diet mice showed significantly higher water intake, urinary volume, and glucose levels than db-L diet mice but similar levels of excreted urinary C-peptide. In contrast, control-H diet mice showed significantly higher C-peptide excretion than control-L diet mice. Both types of mice fed H diet excreted high levels of urinary albumin. When maltose mixtures were administered, db-L mixture mice showed significantly higher blood glucose after 30 min than db-H mixture mice. However, db mice administered starch-H mixture showed significantly higher blood glucose 120-300 min post-administration than db-L mixture mice, although both groups exhibited similar insulin levels. Conclusions: High-protein, low-carbohydrate diets deteriorated diabetic conditions and were associated with insufficient insulin secretion in db mice. Our findings may have implications for dietary management of diabetic symptoms in human patients.
    European Journal of Nutrition 10/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00394-015-1075-y
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) is a key folate pathway enzyme with the T variant of the MTHFR gene increasing the risk of low folate status, particularly coupled with low folate intake. As genetic variability of MTHFR influences folate status, it is important to ensure an adequate intake that overrides genetic effects but minimises any adverse effects. Our aim was to assess the influence of MTHFR genotype on folate status followed by response to supplementation. Methods: We performed a meta-analysis of ten folate intervention studies to assess the degree to which MTHFR C677T genotype influenced plasma homocysteine and serum folate levels as measures of folate status. We then examined response after supplementation at intake values up to the upper tolerable limit. Results: The MTHFR 677TT genotype was associated with higher plasma homocysteine (2.7 μmol/L, TT vs. CT/CC; 2.8 μmol/L, TT vs. CC) and lower serum folate (2.5 nmol/L, TT vs. CT/CC; 3.6 nmol/L, TT vs. CC). In two studies, the TT groups had mean plasma Hcy >15 μmol/L. Serum folate levels were >7 nmol/L for all genotype groups. After supplementation of 400 up to 1670 μg DFEs of folic acid or folic acid + fortified foods and/or natural food folates for a minimum of 4 weeks, there were no significant differences in plasma homocysteine levels; however, individuals with the TT genotype had a lower serum folate response to supplementation (7.2 nmol/L, TT vs. CT/CC; 8.7 nmol/L, TT vs. CC). Conclusions: This meta-analysis confirms observations from observational and intervention studies that MTHFR TT genotype is associated with increased plasma homocysteine and lowered serum folate and less response to short-term supplementation. The results can be used for modelling and guiding personalised intake recommendations for the nutrient folate.
    European Journal of Nutrition 10/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00394-015-1076-x
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: Telomeres, DNA-protein structures that cap and protect chromosomes, are thought to shorten more rapidly when exposed to chronic inflammation and oxidative stress. Diet and nutritional status may be a source of inflammation and oxidative stress. However, relationships between telomere length (TL) and diet or adiposity have primarily been studied cross-sectionally among older, overweight/obese populations and yielded inconsistent results. Little is known about the relationship between diet or body composition and TL among younger, low- to normal-weight populations. It also remains unclear how cumulative exposure to a specific diet or body composition during the years of growth and development, when telomere attrition is most rapid, may be related to TL in adulthood. Methods: In a sample of 1459 young adult Filipinos, we assessed the relationship between blood TL at ages 20.8-22.5 and measures of BMI z-score, waist circumference, and diet collected between the ages of 8.5 and 22.5. TL was measured using monochrome multiplex quantitative PCR, and diet was measured using multiple 24-h recalls. Results: We found no associations between blood TL and any of the measures of adiposity or between blood TL and the seven dietary factors examined: processed meats, fried/grilled meats and fish, non-fried fish, coconut oil, fruits and vegetables, bread and bread products, and sugar-sweetened beverages. Conclusions: Considering the inconsistencies in the literature and our null results, small differences in body composition and consumption of any single pro- or anti-inflammatory dietary component may not by themselves have a meaningful impact on telomere integrity, or the impact may differ across distinct ecological circumstances.
    European Journal of Nutrition 10/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00394-015-1080-1