# European Physical Journal C (EUR PHYS J C )

## Description

The European Physical Journal C Particles and Fields A merger of Il Nuovo Cimento A and Zeitschrift für Physik C The physics of elementary particles lies at the frontier of our understanding of nature. The journal EPJ C publishes most recent experimental and theoretical results obtained in this field. Experimental results come from the high energy physics laboratories such as CERN (Switzerland) DESY (Germany) SLAC and Fermilab (both USA) and KEK (Japan) with their accelerators and experimentral facilities and also from nonaccelerator laboratories such as Kamioka (Japan) Gran-Sasso (Italy) and others. Theoretical topics include studies and tests of the Standard Model computer simulations of Quantum Chromodynamics search for the Higgs particle and supersymmetry and the investigation of new ideas beyond the standard model. Experimental Physics e + e - experiments Lepton nucleon scattering Hadron hadron scattering B physics Neutrino physics Non-accelerator experiments High-energy nuclear reactions Theoretical Physics The standard model: Electroweak interactions and QCD Nonperturbative strong interactions Soft hadron physics Lattice field theory High temperature QCD and heavy ion physics Beyond the standard model Astroparticle physics and cosmology Quantum field theory

## Impact factor 5.44

- Hide impact factor historyImpact factorYear
- 5-year impact3.60
- Cited half-life4.00
- Immediacy index2.22
- Eigenfactor0.05
- Article influence1.52
- WebsiteEuropean Physical Journal C (EPJ C), The - Particles and Fields website
- Other titlesEuropean physical journal., Particles and fields, EPJ., Eur. phys. j
- ISSN1434-6044
- OCLC39166324
- Material typeDocument, Periodical, Internet resource
- Document typeInternet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

## Publisher details

- Pre-print
- Author can archive a pre-print version

- Post-print
- Author can archive a post-print version

- Conditions
- Author's pre-print on pre-print servers such as arXiv.org
- Author's post-print on author's personal website immediately
- Author's post-print on any open access repository after 12 months after publication
- Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
- Published source must be acknowledged
- Must link to publisher version
- Set phrase to accompany link to published version (see policy)
- Articles in some journals can be made Open Access on payment of additional charge

- Classificationâ€‹ green

## Publications in this journal

- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]

**ABSTRACT:**This work is based on pilgrim dark energy conjecture which states that phantom-like dark energy possesses the enough resistive force to preclude the formation of black hole. The non-flat geometry is considered which contains the interacting generalized ghost pilgrim dark energy with cold dark matter. Some well-known cosmological parameters (evolution parameter ($\omega_{\Lambda}$) and squared speed of sound) and planes ($\omega_{\Lambda}$-$\omega_{\Lambda}'$ and statefinder) are constructed in this scenario. The discussion of these parameters is totally done through pilgrim dark energy parameter ($u$) and interacting parameter ($d^2$). It is interesting to mention here that the analysis of evolution parameter supports the conjecture of pilgrim dark energy. Also, this model remains stable against small perturbation in most of the cases of $u$ and $d^2$. Further, the cosmological planes correspond to $\Lambda$CDM limit as well as different well-known dark energy models.European Physical Journal C 12/2014; 74(12). - [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]

**ABSTRACT:**In this paper we consider confinement and screening of the electric field. We study the behavior of a static electric field coupled to a dielectric function with the intent of obtaining an electrical confinement similar to what happens with the field of gluons that bind quarks in hadronic matter. For this we use the phenomenon of `anti-screening' in a medium with exotic dielectric. We show that tachyon matter behaves like an exotic way whose associated dielectric function modifies the Maxwell's equations and affects the fields which results in confining and Coulombian-like potentials in three spatial dimensions. We note that the confining regime coincides with the tachyon condensation, which resembles the effect of confinement due to condensation of magnetic monopoles. The Coulombian-like regime is developed at large distance which is associated with {a screening phaseEuropean Physical Journal C 11/2014; 74(12). - [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]

**ABSTRACT:**We investigate the approximate Noether gauge symmetries of the geodesic Lagrangian for the Bardeen spacetime model. This is accommodated by a set of new approximate Noether gauge symmetry relations for the perturbed geodesic Lagrangian in the spacetime. A detailed analysis to the spacetime of Bardeen model up to third-order approximate Noether gauge symmetries is presented.European Physical Journal C 10/2014; 74(12). - [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]

**ABSTRACT:**We analyze the pion transition form factor using dispersion theory. We calculate the singly-virtual form factor in the time-like region based on data for the $e^+e^-\to 3\pi$ cross section, generalizing previous studies on $\omega,\phi\to3\pi$ decays and $\gamma\pi\to\pi\pi$ scattering, and verify our result by comparing to $e^+e^-\to\pi^0\gamma$ data. We perform the analytic continuation to the space-like region, predicting the poorly-constrained space-like transition form factor below 1 GeV, and extract the slope of the form factor at vanishing momentum transfer $a_\pi=(30.7\pm0.6)\times 10^{-3}$. We derive the dispersive formalism necessary for the extension of these results to the doubly-virtual case, as required for the pion-pole contribution to hadronic light-by-light scattering in the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon.European Physical Journal C 10/2014; 74(11). - [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]

**ABSTRACT:**Recent numerical studies of the coupled Einstein-Klein-Gordon system in a cavity have provided compelling evidence that {\it confined} scalar fields generically collapse to form black holes. Motivated by this intriguing discovery, we here use analytical tools in order to study the characteristic resonance spectra of the confined fields. These discrete resonant frequencies are expected to dominate the late-time dynamics of the coupled black-hole-field-cage system. We consider caged Reissner-Nordstr\"om black holes whose confining mirrors are placed in the near-horizon region $x_{\text{m}}\equiv (r_{\text{m}}-r_+)/r_+\ll\tau\equiv (r_+-r_-)/r_+$ (here $r_{\text{m}}$ is the radius of the confining mirror and $r_{\pm}$ are the radii of the black-hole horizons). We obtain a simple analytical expression for the fundamental quasinormal resonances of the coupled black-hole-field-cage system: $\omega_n=-i2\pi T_{\text{BH}}\cdot n[1+O(x^n_{\text{m}}/\tau^n)]$, where $T_{\text{BH}}$ is the temperature of the caged black hole and $n=1,2,3,...$ is the resonance parameter.European Physical Journal C 10/2014; 74(11). - [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]

**ABSTRACT:**It is known that quaternions represent rotations in 3D Euclidean and Minkowski spaces. However, product by a quaternion gives rotation in two independent planes at once and to obtain single-plane rotations one has to apply by half-angle quaternions twice from the left and on the right (with its inverse). This 'double cover' property is potential problem in geometrical application of split quaternions, since (2+2)-signature of their norms should not be changed for each product. If split quaternions form proper algebraic structure for microphysics, representation of boosts in (2+1)-space leads to the interpretation of the scalar part of quaternions as wavelength of particles. Invariance of space-time intervals and some quantum behavior, like noncommutativity and fundamental spinor representation, probably also are algebraic properties. In our approach the Dirac equation represents the Cauchy-Riemann analyticity condition and the two fundamental physical parameters, speed of light and Planck's constant, appear from the requirement of positive definiteness of quaternionic norms.European Physical Journal C 10/2014; 74(12). - [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]

**ABSTRACT:**uPDFevolvis an evolution code for TMD parton densities using the CCFM evolution equation. A description of the underlying theoretical model and technical realisation is given together with a detailed program description, with emphasis on parameters the user may want to change.European Physical Journal C 10/2014; 74(10). - [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]

**ABSTRACT:**In this paper, we introduce bulk viscosity in the formalism of modified gravity theory in which the gravitational action contains a general function $f(R,T)$, where $R$ and $T$ denote the Ricci scalar and the trace of the energy-momentum tensor, respectively within the framework of a flat Friedmann-Robertson-Walker model. As equation of state for prefect fluid, we take $p=(\gamma-1)\rho$, where $0 \leq \gamma \leq 2$ and viscous term as a bulk viscosity due to isotropic model, of the form $\zeta =\zeta_{0}+\zeta_{1}H$, where $\zeta_{0}$ and $\zeta_{1}$ are constant, and $H$ is the Hubble parameter. The exact non-singular solutions of field equations are obtained by assuming a particular form of $f(R,T) = R+2f(T)$ with constant and time-dependent bulk viscosity. A big-rip singularity is also observed for $\gamma<0$ at a finite value of cosmic time under certain constraints. We study all possible scenarios to analyze the behavior of the scale factor and matter density, and discuss the expansion history of the universe with deceleration parameter. It is observed that the universe accelerates or exhibits transition from decelerated phase to accelerated phase under certain constraints due to the presence of bulk viscosity.European Physical Journal C 10/2014; 74:3070. -
##### Article: Thermodynamic analysis of topological black holes in Gaussâ€“Bonnet gravity with nonlinear source

[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]

**ABSTRACT:**Employing two classes of nonlinear electrody- namics,weobtaintopologicalblackholesolutionsofGaussâ€“ Bonnet gravity. We investigate geometric properties of the solutions and find that there is an intrinsic singularity at the origin. We investigate the thermodynamic properties of the asymptotically flat black holes and also asymptotically adS solutions. Using a suitable local transformation, we general- ize static horizon-flat solutions to rotating ones. We discuss their conserved and thermodynamic quantities as well as the first law of thermodynamics. Finally, we calculate the heat capacity of the solutions to obtain a constraint on the horizon radius of stable solutions.European Physical Journal C 09/2014; 74. - [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]

**ABSTRACT:**Spectral functions do not fully describe quasielastic electron and neutrino scattering from nuclei because they only model the initial state. Final state interactions distort the shape of the differential cross section at the peak and increase the cross section at the tails of the distribution. We show that the kinematic distributions predicted by the $\psi'$ superscaling formalism can be well described with a modified {\it {effective spectral function}} (ESF). By construction, models using ESF in combination with the transverse enhancement contribution correctly predict electron QE scattering data. Our values for the binding energy parameter $\Delta$ are smaller than $\overline{\epsilon}$ extracted within the Fermi gas model from pre 1971 data by Moniz, probably because these early cross sections were not corrected for coulomb effects.European Physical Journal C 09/2014; 74(10). - [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]

**ABSTRACT:**We apply a series of null diagnostics based on the statefinder hierarchy to diagnose differernt holographic dark energy models including the original holographic dark energy, the new holographic dark energy, the new agegraphic dark energy, and the Ricci dark energy models. We plot the curves of statefinders $S^{(1)}_3$ and $S^{(1)}_4$ versus redshift $z$ and the evolutionary trajectories of $\{S^{(1)}_3, \epsilon\}$ and $\{S^{(1)}_4, \epsilon\}$ for these models, where $\epsilon$ is the fractional growth parameter. Combining the evolution curves with the current values of $S^{(1)}_3$, $S^{(1)}_4$, and $\epsilon$, we find that the statefinder $S^{(1)}_4$ performs better than $S^{(1)}_3$ for diagnosing the holographic dark energy models. In addition, the conjunction of the statefinder hierarchy and the fractional growth parameter is proven to be a useful method to diagnose the holographic dark energy models, especially for breaking the degeneracy of the new agegraphic dark energy model with different parameter values.European Physical Journal C 09/2014; 74(10).

Data provided are for informational purposes only. Although carefully collected, accuracy cannot be guaranteed. The impact factor represents a rough estimation of the journal's impact factor and does not reflect the actual current impact factor. Publisher conditions are provided by RoMEO. Differing provisions from the publisher's actual policy or licence agreement may be applicable.