Knee Surgery Sports Traumatology Arthroscopy (Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc)

Publisher: European Society of Sports Traumatology, Knee Surgery and Arthroscopy, Springer Verlag

Journal description

Official journal of the European Society of Sports Traumatology Knee Surgery and Arthroscopy (ESSKA) Few other areas of orthopedic surgery and traumatology have undergone such a dramatic evolution in the last 10 years as knee surgery arthroscopy and sports traumatology. The goal of this European journal is to publish papers about innovative knee surgery sports trauma surgery and arthroscopy. Each issue features a series of peer-reviewed articles that deal with diagnosis and management and with basic research. Each issue also contains at least one review article about an important clinical problem. Case presentations or short notes about technical innovations are also accepted for publication. The articles cover all aspects of knee surgery and all types of sports trauma; in addition epidemiology diagnosis treatment and prevention and all types of arthroscopy (not only the knee but also the shoulder elbow wrist hip ankle etc.) are addressed. Articles on new diagnostic techniques such as MRI and ultrasound and high-quality articles about the biomechanics of joints muscles and tendons are included. Although this is largely a clinical journal it is also open to basic research with clinical relevance. Because the journal is supported by a distinguished European Editorial Board assisted by an international Advisory Board you can be assured that the journal maintains the highest standards. Reports of animal experiments must state that the "Principles of laboratory animal care" (NIH publication No. 86-23 revised 1985) were followed as well as specific national laws (e.g. the current version of the German Law on the Protection of Animals) where applicable. The editor reserves the right to reject manuscripts that do not comply with the above-mentioned requirements. The author will be held responsible for false statements or for failure to fulfil the above-mentioned requirements.

Current impact factor: 3.05

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2016
2014 Impact Factor 3.053
2013 Impact Factor 2.837
2012 Impact Factor 2.676
2011 Impact Factor 2.209
2010 Impact Factor 1.857
2009 Impact Factor 1.674
2008 Impact Factor 1.696
2007 Impact Factor 1.626
2006 Impact Factor 1.216
2005 Impact Factor 1.018
2004 Impact Factor 1.182
2003 Impact Factor 1.083
2002 Impact Factor 1.051
2001 Impact Factor 1.262

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 3.00
Cited half-life 4.50
Immediacy index 0.64
Eigenfactor 0.02
Article influence 0.84
Website Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy website
Other titles Knee surgery, sports traumatology, arthroscopy (Online)
ISSN 1433-7347
OCLC 60637767
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Springer Verlag

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  • Classification

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Purpose: Lateral meniscus allograft transplantation (LMAT) is a feasible surgical option for young meniscus-deficient patients. Although several studies have explored the factors that contribute to graft extrusion, they have not been fully elucidated. The aim of this study was to determine the various factors that contribute to graft extrusion. Methods: Patients with knees that had received LMAT using a keyhole technique (n = 87 knees in 82 patients) were reviewed. The median age of these patients was 22 years (range 19-54 years), and the median postprocedural follow-up interval was 5 days (range 1-136 days). Twelve magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) measurement parameters (axial and coronal location of the bone block) that could potentially influence graft extrusion were evaluated, along with absolute graft extrusion and relative percentage of extrusion (RPE). Results: A significant correlation was found between 8 of the 12 MRI measurement parameters and both the absolute extrusion and RPE (r = 0.241-0.438, p < 0.05). The absolute middle distance and depth of the bone block were independent predictors of the absolute extrusion (β = 0.30 and 0.15, respectively; p < 0.05), and the relative middle distance and relative bone-block elevation were found to be predictors of RPE (β = 2.29 and 1.44, respectively; p < 0.05). Conclusion: The rate of graft extrusions after LMAT was high in this study. Both the coronal and axial locations of the bone block were found to influence graft extrusion in LMAT. Therefore, correct positioning of the bone block, including in both the axial and coronal planes, is essential to minimize graft extrusion. Future studies need to investigate the long-term clinical outcome and longevity of extruded menisci after transplantation. Level of evidence: Therapeutic case series, Level IV.
    Knee Surgery Sports Traumatology Arthroscopy 11/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00167-015-3882-3
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the relationship between preoperative femoral axes and femoral implant position and to determine how femoral sagittal axes, including femoral anterior bowing, influence the femoral component position in total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Methods: The relationship between femoral axes (femoral anterior bowing, mechanical axis and the anterior cortical line, intramedullary axis) and implant position was compared in 50 conventional and 50 navigated TKAs. Outliers with more than a 3° margin of error in placement of the femoral component compared with the mechanical axis in the sagittal plane were calculated. Results: The femoral component flexion angle was 3.1° in the conventional group and 1.6° in the navigation group (p < 0.001). Anterior femoral bowing correlated positively with the angle between the mechanical axis and implant (r = 0.360, p = 0.010) in the conventional group and negatively with the angle between the anterior cortical line and flange of the femoral component (r = -0.355, p = 0.010) in navigated TKAs. Incidence of outliers was 48 % (24 patients) in the conventional group compared with 10 % (five patients) in the navigated group (p = 0.008). Conclusions: Femoral anterior bowing was an influential factor for implant position and could be a risk factor for both femoral implant flexion in conventional TKAs and notching in navigated TKAs. The results of this study should be considered by surgeons when assessing the risk factors for femoral geometry before performing TKAs, as these results may help them to avoid an overly flexed or extended position of the femoral component, which would affect clinical long-term survival. Level of evidence: Retrospective comparative study, Level III.
    Knee Surgery Sports Traumatology Arthroscopy 11/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00167-015-3863-6
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: To describe the anatomy of the medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) and its relationship to the Adductor Magnus (AM) tendon as well as the behaviour exhibited in length changes during knee flexion. Methods: Ten cadaveric knees were dissected. The length from the superior and inferior patellar origin of the MPFL to its femoral insertion was measured at different degrees of knee flexion (0°, 30°, 60°, 90° and 120°). The same measures were made from both patellar origins of the MPFL up to the femoral insertion of the AM. The distance between the insertion of the AM and the Hunter canal was also measured. Results: In general, isometry up to 90° was seen in all measures of the MPFL and those of the AM. The most isometric behaviour was seen in 2 measures: the length of the AM femoral insertion up to the inferior origin of the MPFL on the patella and the length of the femoral insertion of the MPFL up to the inferior origin of the MPFL on the patella. Similar behaviour was seen regardless of the anatomical or quasi-anatomical femoral point of attachment (n.s.). The distance from the AM tendon to the Hunter canal had a mean value of 78.6 mm (SD 9.4 mm). Conclusion: The behaviour exhibited during the changes in the length of the anatomical femoral footprint of the MPFL and the AM is similar. Neurovascular structures were not seen at risk. This is relevant in the daily clinical practice since the AM tendon might be a suitable point of insertion for MPFL reconstruction.
    Knee Surgery Sports Traumatology Arthroscopy 11/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00167-015-3865-4
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: To prospectively compare patellofemoral and tibiofemoral articulations in the upright weight-bearing position with different degrees of flexion using CT in order to gain a more thorough understanding of the development of diseases of the knee joint in a physiological position. Materials and methods: CT scans of the knee in 0°, 30°, 60° flexion in the upright weight-bearing position and in 120° flexion upright without weight-bearing were obtained of 10 volunteers (mean age 33.7 ± 6.1 years; range 24-41) using a cone-beam extremity-CT. Two independent readers quantified tibiofemoral and patellofemoral rotation, tibial tuberosity-trochlear groove distance (TTTG) and patellofemoral distance. Tibiofemoral contact points were assessed in relation to the anteroposterior distance of the tibial plateau. Significant differences between degrees of flexion were sought using Wilcoxon signed-rank test (P < 0.05). Results: With higher degrees of flexion, internal tibiofemoral rotation increased (0°/120° flexion; mean, 0.5° ± 4.5/22.4° ± 7.6); external patellofemoral rotation decreased (10.6° ± 7.6/1.6° ± 4.2); TTTG decreased (11.1 mm ±3.7/-2.4 mm ±6.4) and patellofemoral distance decreased (38.7 mm ±3.0/21.0 mm ±7.0). The CP shifted posterior, more pronounced laterally. Significant differences were found for all measurements at all degrees of flexion (P = 0.005-0.037), except between 30° and 60°. ICC was almost perfect (0.80-0.99), except for the assessment of the CP (0.20-0.96). Conclusion: Knee joint articulations change significantly during flexion using upright weight-bearing CT. Progressive internal tibiofemoral rotation leads to a decrease in the TTTG and a posterior shift of the contact points in higher degrees of flexion. This elucidates patellar malalignment predominantly close to extension and meniscal tears commonly affecting the posterior horns.
    Knee Surgery Sports Traumatology Arthroscopy 11/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00167-015-3853-8
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: Previous studies have shown that the PCL insertion may be damaged during the tibial cut performed in total knee arthroplasty. We investigated the maximum thickness of a tibial cut that preserves the PCL insertion and to what extent the posterior slope of the tibial cut and that of the patient's tibial plateaus affect the outcome. Methods: MR images of 83 knees were analysed. The maximum thickness of a tibial cut that preserves the PCL using a posterior slope of 0°, 3°, 5° and parallel to the patient's slope of the tibial plateau, was evaluated. Correlations between the results and the degrees of the posterior slope of the patient's tibial plateaus were also investigated. Results: The maximum thickness of a tibial cut that preserves the entire PCL insertion was, on average, 5.5, 4.7, 4.2 and 3.1 mm when a posterior slope of 0°, 3°, 5° and parallel to the patients' tibial plateaus was used, respectively. When the 25th percentile was considered, the maximum thickness of a tibial cut that preserved the PCL was 4 and 3 mm with a tibial cut of 0° and 5° of posterior slope, respectively. The maximum thickness of a tibial cut that preserved the PCL was significantly greater in patients with a sagittal slope of the tibial plateaus more than 8° than in those with a sagittal slope less than 8°. Conclusion: In cruciate retaining implants, the PCL insertion may be spared in the majority of patients by performing a tibial cut of 4 mm, or even less when a posterior slope of 3°-5° is used. The clinical relevance of our study is that the execution of a conservative tibial cut, followed by a second tibial resection to achieve the thickness required for the tibial component to be implanted, may be an alternative technique to spare the PCL in CR TKA. Level of evidence: II.
    Knee Surgery Sports Traumatology Arthroscopy 11/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00167-015-3842-y
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: The posterior femoral offset may significantly impact the final flexion range after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The purpose of the present study was to compare a conventional, radiologic-based technique with an intra-operative, surgical navigation-based technique for the measurement of posterior femoral offset. The tested hypothesis was that the two measurement techniques produce different results both before and after TKA. Methods: One-hundred consecutive cases referred for end-stage knee osteoarthritis have been studied. Posterior femoral offsets, measured pre- and post-TKA from radiographs, as well as those measured from a navigation system intra-operatively, were analysed. The pre-TKA measured offsets, post-TKA measured offsets and the changes (pre- vs. post-TKA) in the offsets were statistically compared between the radiologic and the navigated measurement techniques at a 0.05 level of significance. Results: The mean paired difference between pre-TKA radiologic and navigated measurement was 4 ± 4 mm (p < 0.001). There was a significant and moderate positive correlation with a good coherence between the two measurements. The mean paired difference between post-TKA radiologic and navigated measurement was 6 ± 5 mm (p < 0.001). There was a significant and moderate positive correlation but a poor coherence between the two measurements. Conclusions: The conventional radiologic technique for the measurement of the posterior femoral offset cannot be reliably used either for pre-TKA planning of the posterior femoral resection and antero-posterior sizing of the femoral component, or for post-TKA quality control of the reconstruction of the posterior femoral offset. Level of evidence: Level IV.
    Knee Surgery Sports Traumatology Arthroscopy 11/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00167-015-3855-6
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: The aim of this study was to identify the survivorship of high tibial osteotomy (HTO) to total knee arthroplasty (TKA) on a population level, and identify the patient, provider and surgical factors that influenced eventual TKA. Methods: Administrative records from physician billings and hospital admissions were used to identify all adults in Ontario, Canada, who underwent an HTO from 1994 to 2010. The primary outcome was time to TKA, which was estimated using Kaplan-Meier (KM) survival analysis. A Cox proportional hazards model examined the risk associated with patient factors (age, sex, income and co-morbidity score), provider factors (hospital status, surgeon volume and surgeon year in practice) and surgical factors (concurrent ligament reconstruction or bone grafting; and previous chondral or meniscal surgery). Results: A total of 2671 patients who underwent HTO met inclusion. The median age was 46 years (interquartile range 39-53 years), and 62 % were male. The KM survivorship of HTO to TKA at 10 years was 0.67 ± 0.01. Older age [HR 1.05 (95 % CI 1.04, 1.06), p < 0.001; 5 % increased risk for each year over age 46], female sex [HR 1.35 (95 % CI 1.17, 1.55), p < 0.001], higher comorbidity score [HR 1.58 (95 % CI 1.12, 2.22), p = 0.009] and a prior history of arthroscopy/meniscectomy [HR 1.24 (95 % CI 1.08, 1.43), p = 0.002] increased the risk of eventual TKA. However, HTO with concurrent ligament reconstruction was associated with lower [HR 0.62 (95 % CI 0.43, 0.88), p = 0.008] risk of eventual TKA. Conclusion: In this population, two-thirds of patients were able to avoid a TKA for 10 years after HTO. Specific factors such as older age, female sex, higher comorbidity and prior meniscectomy lowered survival rates. An understanding of patient risk factors for conversion to TKA may help guide surgeons in their selection of patients who will benefit most from HTO. Level of evidence: Retrospective cohort study, III.
    Knee Surgery Sports Traumatology Arthroscopy 11/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00167-015-3849-4
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: The main objective of this study was to analyse the outcomes after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) of a group of patients with at least one self-reported allergy and a group of patients without reported allergies. We hypothesized there is a significant negative influence on clinical outcome scores after TKA in patients with self-reported allergies. Methods: Four-hundred and seventy-five patients who had undergone TKA were analysed preoperatively and 1 year after surgery. The WOMAC, KSS and SF-36 scores were obtained. The patients' Yesavage depression questionnaire score was also recorded. The scores of the 330 (69.5 %) patients without self-reported allergies were compared to the scores of the 145 (30.5 %) patients with at least one self-reported allergy in the medical record. Results: Preoperative scores were similar in both groups. The WOMAC post-operative scores (23.6 vs 20.4; p = 0.037) and the KSS-Knee score (91.1 vs 87.6; p = 0.027) were worse in the group of patients with self-reported allergies than in the group without allergies. The scores from the Yesavage depression questionnaire and in the SF-36 were similar in both groups. Conclusion: Patients with at least one self-reported allergy have worse post-operative outcomes in terms of the WOMAC and KSS-Knee scores after TKA than patients without allergies. These poor outcomes do not seem to be related to depression. Therefore, more research is needed to explain them. Reported allergies could be considered a prognostic factor and used when counselling TKA patients. Level of evidence: I.
    Knee Surgery Sports Traumatology Arthroscopy 11/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00167-015-3837-8
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: Anterior knee pain is a major reason for unsatisfied patients after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Since malposition and increased retropatellar peak pressure are supposed to contribute to pain, we conducted this in vitro study to analyse the influence of mediolateral tibial component position on tibiofemoral and patella kinematics as well as retropatellar pressure. Methods: Eight fresh frozen cadaver specimens were tested after a fixed-bearing TKA. To evaluate the influence of mediolateral tibial component position, special inlays with 3 mm of medialization and lateralization were constructed. For the analysis, a weight-bearing knee rig under a loaded squat from 20° to 120° of flexion was used. Tibiofemoral and patella kinematics were measured with an ultrasonic-based three-dimensional motion analysis system. Additionally, retropatellar pressure distribution was registered with a pressure-sensitive film. Results: Alteration of mediolateral tibial component position by 3 mm did not reveal a significant influence on retropatellar peak pressure (7.5 ± 2.5 vs. 7.2 ± 2.6 MPa). Regarding tibiofemoral kinematics, 3-mm medialization of the tibial baseplate significantly increased lateral femoral rollback and femorotibial external rotation. Medialization of 3 mm also significantly increased the relative medial patella shift and decreased lateral patella tilt. Discussion: Medialization of the tibial baseplate came along with more lateral rollback and external femorotibial rotation. For the positioning of the tibial baseplate, rotational alignment seems to be more important than mediolateral orientation. Since retropatellar peak pressure remained rather unchanged, the tibial baseplate should be placed by the surgeon looking for a maximal tibial coverage without overhang.
    Knee Surgery Sports Traumatology Arthroscopy 11/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00167-015-3843-x
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: Open-wedge high tibial osteotomy (OWHTO) is a well-established procedure in the management of medial compartment osteoarthritis and osteonecrosis of the medial femoral condyle. Several studies have evaluated factors that negatively influence outcomes. However, few reports have investigated the effect of age on HTO outcome. We evaluated the influence of the age on the outcome after HTO. Methods: The TomoFix(®) plate was used to perform 60 consecutive OWHTOs. Twenty-six knees in 23 patients >65 years old (mean age at surgery 68.7 ± 2.9 years; range 65-75 years, group A) were compared with 34 knees in 27 patients <65 years old (mean age at surgery 56.2 ± 7.5 years; range 38-64 years, group B) with respect to the clinical and radiological outcomes after HTO. The clinical evaluation included the Japanese Orthopedic Association Knee Score (JOA score), Oxford Knee Score (OKS) and complications after surgery. Results: There were no statistical differences in the background factors between the two groups. Postoperatively, the mean JOA score showed a significant improvement in both groups. The mean OKS after surgery was 41.6 ± 5.9 in group A and 41.4 ± 5.9 in group B. There were no statistical differences in the postoperative knee alignment and clinical outcomes between the two groups. Conclusion: OWHTO using the rigid long plate was an effective procedure independent of patient's age. The results showed that age did not influence the clinical and radiological outcomes after OWHTO.
    Knee Surgery Sports Traumatology Arthroscopy 11/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00167-015-3847-6

  • Knee Surgery Sports Traumatology Arthroscopy 11/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00167-015-3896-x
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: To compare the age-based cost-effectiveness of total knee arthroplasty (TKA), unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA), and high tibial osteotomy (HTO) for the treatment of medial compartment knee osteoarthritis (MCOA). Methods: A Markov model was used to simulate theoretical cohorts of patients 40, 50, 60, and 70 years of age undergoing primary TKA, UKA, or HTO. Costs and outcomes associated with initial and subsequent interventions were estimated by following these virtual cohorts over a 10-year period. Revision and mortality rates, costs, and functional outcome data were estimated from a systematic review of the literature. Probabilistic analysis was conducted to accommodate these parameters' inherent uncertainty, and both discrete and probabilistic sensitivity analyses were utilized to assess the robustness of the model's outputs to changes in key variables. Results: HTO was most likely to be cost-effective in cohorts under 60, and UKA most likely in those 60 and over. Probabilistic results did not indicate one intervention to be significantly more cost-effective than another. The model was exquisitely sensitive to changes in utility (functional outcome), somewhat sensitive to changes in cost, and least sensitive to changes in 10-year revision risk. Conclusions: HTO may be the most cost-effective option when treating MCOA in younger patients, while UKA may be preferred in older patients. Functional utility is the primary driver of the cost-effectiveness of these interventions. For the clinician, this study supports HTO as a competitive treatment option in young patient populations. It also validates each one of the three interventions considered as potentially optimal, depending heavily on patient preferences and functional utility derived over time.
    Knee Surgery Sports Traumatology Arthroscopy 11/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00167-015-3821-3
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: To evaluate efficacy and safety of extraphyseal tibial eminence avulsion fracture repair with absorbable sutures and a distal bone bridge fixation in comparison to previously described technique with non-absorbable sutures and distal screw fixation. Methods: In a physeal-sparing technique, tibial eminence fractures (n = 25; McKeever type II/III n = 11/14) were either treated in group A (n = 15, follow-up 28.1 months) using an absorbable suture fixed over a bone bridge or in group B (n = 10, follow-up 47.4 months) with a non-absorbable suture wrapped around an extraarticular tibial screw. IKDC and Lysholm scores were assessed, and the difference between the surgical and contralateral knee in anteroposterior (AP) translation, measured with a Rolimeter. Results: There was no significant difference between group A and group B in IKDC and Lysholm scores with 90.1 points ± 10.2 and 94.1 points ± 8.1, respectively (n.s.). AP translation did not differ between groups (n.s.). Eight of ten screws in group B had to be removed in a second intervention. A total of four arthrofibroses were counted (three in group A). Conclusion: Extraphyseal tibial eminence repair with absorbable sutures and a distal bone bridge fixation results in similar rates of radiographic and clinical healing at 3 months after surgery as non-absorbable sutures tied around a screw, while avoiding the need for hardware removal. The minimal invasive technique to fix an eminence fracture without any permanent sutures or hardware is advantageous for children. To our knowledge, this is the first study that compares non-absorbable with absorbable sutures for a physeal-sparing technique. Level of evidence: III.
    Knee Surgery Sports Traumatology Arthroscopy 11/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00167-015-3844-9
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: The aim of this study was to quantify the contributions of medial soft tissues to stability following cruciate-retaining (CR) or posterior-stabilised (PS) total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Methods: Using a robotic system, eight cadaveric knees were subjected to ±90-N anterior-posterior force, ±5-Nm internal-external and ±8-Nm varus-valgus torques at various flexion angles. The knees were tested intact and then with CR and PS implants, and successive cuts of the deep and superficial medial collateral ligaments (dMCL, sMCL) and posteromedial capsule (PMC) quantified the percentage contributions of each structure to restraining the applied loads. Results: In implanted knees, the sMCL restrained valgus rotation (62 % across flexion angles), anterior-posterior drawer (24 and 10 %, respectively) and internal-external rotation (22 and 37 %). Changing from CR TKA to PS TKA increased the load on the sMCL when resisting valgus loads. The dMCL restrained 11 % of external and 13 % of valgus rotations, and the PMC was significant at low flexion angles. Conclusions: This work has shown that medial release in the varus knee should be minimised, as it may inadvertently result in a combined laxity pattern. There is increasing interest in preserving constitutional varus in TKA, and this work argues for preservation of the sMCL to afford the surgeon consistent restraint and maintain a balanced knee for the patient.
    Knee Surgery Sports Traumatology Arthroscopy 10/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00167-015-3796-0
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: In this study, we examined whether the OKS demonstrated a floor or a ceiling effect when used to measure the outcome of knee replacement surgery in a large national cohort. Methods: NHS PROMs database, containing pre- to 6 month post-operative OKS on 72,154 patients, mean age 69 (SD 9.4), undergoing knee replacement surgery, was examined to establish the proportion of patients achieving top or bottom OKS values pre- and post-operatively. Results: Pre-operatively, none of patients achieved the maximum/'best' (48) and minimum (0) scores. Post-operatively, no patients (0 %) achieved the minimum/'worst' score, but the percentage achieving the maximum score increased to 2.7 %. Subgroup analyses demonstrated that the highest post-operative overall ceiling percentage was 3 %, in a subgroup of patients between 60 and 79 years of age and 13.7 % in a group of patients who had a pre-operative OKS above 41. Furthermore, 10.8 % of patients achieved the top post-operative OKS-PCS and 4.7 % top post-operative OKS-FCS. Conclusion: Based on NHS PROMs data, the OKS does not exhibit a ceiling or floor effect overall, or for both its pain and function subscales, and remains a valid measure of outcomes for patients undergoing TKA. Level of evidence: Large-scale retrospective observations study, Level II.
    Knee Surgery Sports Traumatology Arthroscopy 10/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00167-015-3788-0
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: Current clinical practice guidelines sometimes still recommend stopping aspirin five to seven days before knee arthroplasty surgery. Literature regarding multimodal blood management and continuation of anti-platelet therapy in this type of surgery is scant. The study hypothesis was that knee arthroplasty under low-dose aspirin mono-therapy continuation does not cause more total blood loss than knee arthroplasty performed without aspirin. Blood loss would be measured by haemoglobin (Hb) and haematocrit (HTC) levels drop at day 2 or day 4 for patients who benefit from multimodal bleeding control measures. Methods: A database of all patients undergoing knee arthroplasty between 2006 and 2014 was analysed. Demographic, surgical and complete blood workup data were collected. A retrospective comparison study analysed both groups in terms of blood loss, by mean calculated blood loss as haemoglobin or haematocrit drop between the preoperative Nadir value and the postoperative day 2 and 4 value. A group of 198 (44 UKA and 154 TKA) patients underwent surgery without interrupting their aspirin therapy for cardiovascular prevention. Mean (SD) age was 71 (8) and the mean (SD) BMI was 29 (5.5) kg/m(2). The control group consisted of 403 (102 UKA and 301 TKA) patients who were not under aspirin, or any other anti-platelet agent. Mean (SD) age was 65 (10) (p < 0.05) and the mean (SD) BMI was 29 (5.0) kg/m(2) (n.s.). All patients in the control group were randomly selected. Results: There were no differences in terms of visible (early) or hidden (late) blood loss as measured by Hb drop in between both groups. There is no difference in transfusion rates. Conclusions: Modern multimodal blood management provides sufficient blood loss prevention during and after knee arthroplasty to allow physicians to continue low-dose aspirin mono-therapy for cardiovascular prevention. Level of evidence: III.
    Knee Surgery Sports Traumatology Arthroscopy 10/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00167-015-3824-0
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: Clinicians frequently diagnose chronic ankle instability using the manual anterior drawer test and stress radiography. However, both examinations can yield incorrect results and do not reveal the extent of ankle instability. Stress ultrasound has been reported to be a new diagnostic tool for the diagnosis of chronic ankle instability. The purpose of this study was to assess the diagnostic value of stress ultrasound for chronic ankle instability compared to the manual anterior drawer test, stress radiography, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and arthroscopy. Methods: Twenty-eight consecutive patients who underwent ankle arthroscopy and subsequent modified Broström repair for treatment of chronic ankle instability were included. The arthroscopic findings were used as the reference standard. A standardized physical examination (manual anterior drawer test), stress radiography, MRI, and stress ultrasound were performed to assess the anterior talofibular ligament (ATFL) prior to operation. Ultrasound images were taken in the resting position and the maximal anterior drawer position. Results: Grade 3 lateral instability was verified arthroscopically in all 28 cases with a clinical diagnosis (100 %). Twenty-two cases showed grade III instability on the manual anterior drawer test (78.6 %). Twenty-four cases displayed anterior translation exceeding 5 mm on stress radiography (86 %), and talar tilt angle exceeded 15° in three cases (11 %). Nineteen cases displayed a partial chronic tear (change in thickness or signal intensity), and nine cases displayed complete tear on MRI (100 %). Lax and wavy ATFL was evident on stress ultrasound in all cases (100 %). The mean value of the ATFL length was 2.8 ± 0.3 cm for the stressed condition and 2.1 ± 0.2 cm for the resting condition (p < 0.001). Conclusion: Stress ultrasound may be useful for the diagnosis of chronic ankle instability in addition to the manual anterior drawer test and stress radiography. Level of evidence: III.
    Knee Surgery Sports Traumatology Arthroscopy 10/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00167-015-3828-9