Knee Surgery Sports Traumatology Arthroscopy (Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc)

Publisher: European Society of Sports Traumatology, Knee Surgery and Arthroscopy

Journal description

Official journal of the European Society of Sports Traumatology Knee Surgery and Arthroscopy (ESSKA) Few other areas of orthopedic surgery and traumatology have undergone such a dramatic evolution in the last 10 years as knee surgery arthroscopy and sports traumatology. The goal of this European journal is to publish papers about innovative knee surgery sports trauma surgery and arthroscopy. Each issue features a series of peer-reviewed articles that deal with diagnosis and management and with basic research. Each issue also contains at least one review article about an important clinical problem. Case presentations or short notes about technical innovations are also accepted for publication. The articles cover all aspects of knee surgery and all types of sports trauma; in addition epidemiology diagnosis treatment and prevention and all types of arthroscopy (not only the knee but also the shoulder elbow wrist hip ankle etc.) are addressed. Articles on new diagnostic techniques such as MRI and ultrasound and high-quality articles about the biomechanics of joints muscles and tendons are included. Although this is largely a clinical journal it is also open to basic research with clinical relevance. Because the journal is supported by a distinguished European Editorial Board assisted by an international Advisory Board you can be assured that the journal maintains the highest standards. Reports of animal experiments must state that the "Principles of laboratory animal care" (NIH publication No. 86-23 revised 1985) were followed as well as specific national laws (e.g. the current version of the German Law on the Protection of Animals) where applicable. The editor reserves the right to reject manuscripts that do not comply with the above-mentioned requirements. The author will be held responsible for false statements or for failure to fulfil the above-mentioned requirements.

Current impact factor: 2.68

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2015
2011 Impact Factor 2.209

Additional details

5-year impact 2.57
Cited half-life 4.90
Immediacy index 0.37
Eigenfactor 0.02
Article influence 0.76
Website Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy website
Other titles Knee surgery, sports traumatology, arthroscopy (Online)
ISSN 1433-7347
OCLC 60637767
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To investigate the effect on hip-flexion strength of a 6-week hip-flexor training programme using elastic bands as resistance. We hypothesized that the training group, compared to a control group, would increase their hip-flexion strength more. Thirty-three healthy subjects (45 % females), 24(5) years of age, were included in a randomized controlled trial and allocated to heavy strength training of the hip-flexor muscles or to control (no strength training). Strength training of the hip-flexors (dominant leg) was performed three times 10 min per week for 6 weeks. The strength training group progressed from 15 repetition maximum (RM) (week 1) to 8 RM (week 6). Isometric hip-flexion strength (primary outcome) was measured by a blinded assessor using a reliable test procedure. In the strength training group, the isometric hip-flexion strength of the trained leg increased by 17 %, (p < 0.001). The between-group difference in hip-flexion strength change in the trained leg (dominant leg, training group) versus the non-trained leg (dominant leg, control group) was significantly different from baseline to follow-up, corresponding to a mean change of 0.34 (95 % CI 0.17-0.52) Nm/kg, in favour of the strength training group (p < 0.001). Simple hip-flexor strength training using elastic bands as external loading, for only 6 weeks, substantially improves hip-flexor muscle strength. This simple exercise programme seems promising for future prevention and treatment of acute and longstanding hip-flexor injuries, such as acute rectus femoris injuries and longstanding iliopsoas-related pain and impingement. I.
    Knee Surgery Sports Traumatology Arthroscopy 03/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00167-015-3583-y
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    ABSTRACT: An arthroscopic procedure for the treatment of osteochondral defects using platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) carried out in a matrix of tricalcium phosphate was developed. This prospective, case-series-based study was designed to evaluate the safety and clinical utility of this procedure. Patients with an isolated osteochondral defect larger than 5 mm long, 3 mm wide, and 5 mm deep and smaller than 30 mm long, 25 mm wide, or 20 mm deep were considered for enrolment. Only patients with chronic lesions were enroled. Arthroscopic debridement was followed by the placement of recombinant human PDGF in a matrix of tricalcium phosphate. The Ankle Osteoarthritis Scale (AOS), visual analogue scale (VAS) for pain, and SF-36 questionnaires were administered at 0, 2, 6, 12, and 24 weeks. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT) scans were taken before and after surgery. Five patients were ultimately enroled in this proof-of-concept trial. All outcome measures demonstrated marked improvement from baseline to final follow-up: The mean weight bearing VAS pain score improved by 49 %, and the mean AOS functional score improved by 28 %. Bone healing was seen on CT, and reduction in oedema signal was seen on MRI. This new procedure may offer a promising alternative for the treatment of osteochondral defects. Further high-quality studies are needed to confirm these results and to analyse the long-term effects of the procedure. The clinical relevance of this study is that the procedure may provide a less invasive option with improved bone healing compared to standard techniques . IV.
    Knee Surgery Sports Traumatology Arthroscopy 03/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00167-015-3549-0
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    ABSTRACT: Chondrocalcinosis can be associated with an inflammatory arthritis and aggressive joint destruction. There is uncertainty as to whether chondrocalcinosis represents a contraindication to unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA). This study reports the outcome of a consecutive series of patients with chondrocalcinosis and medial compartment osteoarthritis treated with UKA matched to controls. Between 1998 and 2008, 88 patients with radiological chondrocalcinosis (R-CCK) and 67 patients with histological chondrocalcinosis (H-CCK) were treated for end-stage medial compartment arthritis with Oxford UKA. One-to-two matching was performed to controls, treated with UKA, but without evidence of chondrocalcinosis. Functional outcome and implant survival were assessed in each group. The mean follow-up was 10 years. The mean Oxford Knee Score (OKS) at final follow-up was 43, 41 and 41 in H-CCK, R-CCK and control groups (change from baseline OKS was 21, 18 and 15, respectively). The change was significantly higher in H-CCK than in control but was not significantly different in R-CCK. Ten-year survival was 96 % in R-CCK, 86 % in H-CCK and 98 % in controls. Although the survival in H-CCK was significantly worse than in control, only one failure was due to disease progression. The presence of R-CCK does not influence functional outcome or survival following UKA. Pre-operative radiological evidence of CCK should not be considered to be a contraindication to UKA. H-CCK is associated with significantly improved clinical outcomes but also a higher revision rate compared with controls. Case control study, Level III.
    Knee Surgery Sports Traumatology Arthroscopy 03/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00167-015-3578-8
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    ABSTRACT: To prospectively assess midterm results in 37 patients (41 knees) who were treated with opening wedge high tibial osteotomy (OW-HTO) with the use of a monoaxial dynamic external fixator (MDEF) for medial knee osteoarthritis. Clinical and subjective evaluations were performed using the IKDC and KOOS evaluation forms and the modified Knee Society Clinical Rating System (KSS). Pin tract infections were evaluated according to Checketts-Otterburns classification. Radiographic evaluation included long-standing AP lower limb, standard lateral, Rosenberg and Merchant views. Thirty-six patients (40 knees) were evaluated at a mean follow-up period of 7 years. Ten patients (25 %) developed a minor pin tract infection. Subjective KOOS and IKDC scores showed statistically significant improvement. Clinical evaluation with IKDC and KSS forms showed no patient with instability or a range-of-motion deficit worst than pre-operatively. At MDEF removal, the mechanical axis was on average 4.5° valgus; anatomical axis 6.8° valgus; the Mikulicz' line crossed the tibial plateau on average at 64 % of the width of the tibial plateau measured from medial; the posterior slope 5°; the metaphyseal varus 4.3°; and the Insall/Salvati ratio 1.02. At latest follow-up, five patients had a loss of correction of 1°-2° on mechanical axis and one patient had a loss of correction of 3° on mechanical axis and 4 % of mechanical axis on tibial plateau. The use of a MDEF to perform an OW-HTO showed a good maintenance of correction achieved with satisfactory midterm outcome results in all patients but three who underwent total knee replacement. The only severe post-operative complication was one case of non-union in a heavy smoker. Prospective and therapeutic study, Level IV.
    Knee Surgery Sports Traumatology Arthroscopy 03/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00167-015-3564-1
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    ABSTRACT: This work aimed at studying the effect of tourniquet use on surgical performance and peri-operative outcomes of anatomic single-bundle ACL reconstruction. Eighty-four patients undergoing ACL surgery were randomized into two groups: the tourniquet (A) group and the non-tourniquet (B) group. Post-operative pain, need for analgesics, the volume of blood obtained in the drain, girth diameter changes in the thigh and calf, muscle strength and amount of haemarthrosis were used as outcome measures to compare the two groups. Fifty-eight patients were available for analysis. In the A group, the degree of pain and need to analgesics was significantly higher at 4 and 10 h. The volume measured in the surgical drain, at 24 h post-operative, was higher in the A group (p = 0.001). The calf and thigh girth diameters at 2 weeks showed a highly significant girth difference between the two groups (p = 0.001). This study showed that tourniquet use in ACL reconstruction increases immediate post-operative symptoms of pain and haemarthrosis and that the effects on muscle strength are only temporary. The tourniquet can be replaced by using of a mixture of morphine and adrenaline with no interference with the quality of visibility, nor operative time. I.
    Knee Surgery Sports Traumatology Arthroscopy 03/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00167-015-3582-z
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    ABSTRACT: A painful episode in the region of the peroneal tendons, within the retromalleolar groove, is a common precipitating event of an acute lateral ankle sprain. A forefoot striking pattern is suspected to cause peroneal tendinosis. The aim of this study is to analyse the role of peroneal tendinosis as a predisposing factor for ankle sprain trauma in runners. Fifty-eight runners who had experienced acute ankle sprain trauma, with pre-existing pain episodes for up to 4 weeks in the region of the peroneal tendons, were assessed clinically. Fractures were excluded by conventional radiography. An magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan had been performed within 14 days after the traumatic event and was subsequently evaluated by two experienced radiologists. MRI revealed peroneal tendinosis in 55 patients (95 % of the total study population). Peroneus brevis (PB) tendinosis was found in 48 patients (87 % of all patients with peroneal tendinosis), and peroneus longus (PL) tendinosis was observed in 42 cases (76 %). Thirty-five patients (64 %) had combined PB and PL tendinosis. A lesion of the anterior talofibular ligament was found to be the most common ligament injury associated with peroneal tendinosis (29 cases; 53 %), followed by a lesion of the calcaneofibular ligament (16 cases; 29 %) and a lesion of the posterior tibiofibular ligament (13 cases; 24 %). The results of this study reflect the correlation between peroneal tendinosis and ankle sprain trauma. Injuries of one or more ligaments are associated with further complications. A period of rest or forbearance of sports as well as adequate treatment of the peroneal tendinosis is essential to prevent subsequent ankle injuries, especially in runners. Modification of the running technique would also be beneficial. IV.
    Knee Surgery Sports Traumatology Arthroscopy 03/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00167-015-3562-3
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    ABSTRACT: The arthroscopic Latarjet procedure is recently becoming an increasingly popular technique. Nevertheless, position and fusion of the autograft had not been well studied yet. The purpose of this study was to assess the positioning of the coracoid graft and the fusion rate on CT scan in the arthroscopic Latarjet procedure. The study design was a prospective series of 19 consecutive patients who received arthroscopic Latarjet procedure. Radiological assessment on CT scan performed 3 months post-operatively included an analysis of the fusion and the position of the coracoid bone graft using a validated method. 02:30-04:20 was considered an ideal positioning in the sagittal view. In the axial view, the positioning was considered as flush, congruent, medial, too medial, or lateral. The median age of patients was 27.6 (±6.9). Mean operative time was of 161 min ±34.8. The fusion rate was of 78 %. Coracoid grafts were positioned 01:52 h (56° ± 14°) to 4:04 h (122° ± 12.5°). In the axial view, 32 % of the grafts positioning were considered as flush, 38 % as congruent, 30 % as medial, and 6 % too medial. No lateral position was noted. Two complications occurred, one graft fracture during screwing requiring opening conversion and an early case of osteolysis in a medial-positioned graft. The arthroscopic Latarjet procedure is a technically challenging technique that provides satisfactory fusion rate and graft positioning with a low complication rate. The clinical importance of this study lies in the observation that it is the first study to evaluate the position of the coracoid bone graft in arthroscopic Latarjet according to a detailed and validated method. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: IV.
    Knee Surgery Sports Traumatology Arthroscopy 03/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00167-015-3551-6
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    ABSTRACT: Distinct characteristics of acromial morphology seem to be one factor for the development of degenerative supraspinatus tendon tears. Thus, it is questionable whether patients with traumatic tendon tears also present these parameters. The hypothesis of the present study was that the acromial morphology of patients with degenerative supraspinatus tendon tears differs from patients with traumatic tears. One hundred and thirty-six patients that were treated by arthroscopic rotator cuff repair from 2010 to 2013 were included in this study. Seventy-two patients had degenerative (group 1), and 64 had traumatic (group 2) supraspinatus tendon tears. On preoperative radiographs the Bigliani type, acromial slope, acromiohumeral (AH) distance, lateral acromial angle (LAA), acromion index (AI), and critical shoulder angle (CSA) were measured. Medians of these parameters as well as of age of both groups were compared using the t test. The percentaged distribution of the Bigliani type differed (group 1 vs. 2: type 1: 18/38, type 2: 56/55, type 3: 26/8). All parameters showed significant differences between degenerative and traumatic tears. Slope: 21.2° (SD 7.6°) versus 19.2° (SD 7.9°, p = 0.026), AH distance: 8.4 mm (SD 2.3 mm) versus 9.9 mm (SD 1.9 mm, p = 0.0006), LAA: 77.0° (SD 4.0°) versus 82.5° (SD 4.7°, p < 0.0001), AI: 0.77 (SD 0.07) versus 0.73 (0.06, p = 0.0239), and CSA: 36.8° (SD 3.6°) versus 35.3° (SD 2.9°, p = 0.007). An LAA <70° or an AH distance of <5 mm only occurred in degenerative tears. Patients with degenerative tears were significantly older (60 vs. 54 years). The hypothesis that the acromial morphology of patients with degenerative supraspinatus tendon tears differs from patients with traumatic tears was confirmed. Shoulders with degenerative tears show a narrower subacromial space and a larger lateral extension as well as a steeper angulation of the acromion than with traumatic tears. Thus, the results of this study support the theory of external impingement as a cause for degenerative rotator cuff tears. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: IV.
    Knee Surgery Sports Traumatology Arthroscopy 12/2014; DOI:10.1007/s00167-014-3499-y
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    ABSTRACT: The current study was performed to characterize the influence of patellar stabilization procedures on patellofemoral and tibiofemoral dynamic motion. Six knees were evaluated pre-operatively and 1 year or longer following stabilization via tibial tuberosity realignment, with simultaneous medial patellofemoral ligament reconstruction performed for five knees. Knees were imaged during extension against gravity using a dynamic CT scanner. Models representing each knee at several positions of extension were reconstructed from the images. Local coordinate systems were created within one femur, patella and tibia for each knee, with shape matching of the bones used to transfer the coordinate axes to the other models. The patellar lateral shift and tilt and tibial external rotation were quantified based on the reference axes and interpolated to flexion angles from 5° to 40°. Pre-operative and post-operative data were compared with the paired t tests. Surgical realignment significantly decreased the average patellar lateral shift and tilt at low flexion angles. At 5°, surgical realignment decreased the average lateral shift from 15.5 (6.3) to 8.5 (4.7) mm and decreased the average lateral tilt from 20.8 (9.4)° to 13.8 (6.4)°. The changes were statistically significant (p < 0.05) at 5° and 10° of flexion, as well as 20° for lateral shift. The average tibial external rotation also increased significantly at 30° and 40° following surgery. Patellar stabilization including a component of tuberosity realignment reduces patellar lateral shift and tilt at low flexion angles, but the long-term influence of increased tibial external rotation on tibiofemoral function is currently unknown. Prospective comparative study, Level II.
    Knee Surgery Sports Traumatology Arthroscopy 10/2014; 22(10):2350-6. DOI:10.1007/s00167-014-2905-9
  • Knee Surgery Sports Traumatology Arthroscopy 09/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: For deepening trochleoplasty, a procedure used worldwide to correct trochlear dysplasia, only few surgical steps are described precisely. Important surgical landmarks, such as optimal cartilaginous trochlear depth and percentages of the new lateral and medial facet, remain unanswered. METHODS: A cross-sectional study (January 2011-August 2012) was carried out in adult patients (16-35 years) without trochlear dysplasia, who underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The main outcome was trochlear depth. The secondary outcome was the lateral/medial facet ratio. Measurements were made on the first axial cut from proximal with complete cartilage coverage of the trochlea. Differences between men and women were assessed. RESULTS: Fifty-three patients (70 % men) were included. Mean age was 24.6 years (SD ± 5.5). Overall mean trochlear depth was found to be as 4.0 mm (95 % CI 3.6-4.3). Values differed significantly by gender (p = 0.0271) with a mean of 3.4 mm (95 % CI 3.0-3.8) for women and a mean of 4.2 mm (95 % CI 3.8-4.7) for men. The mean ratio between the lateral and medial facet was 1.71 (95 % CI 1.62-1.80), the lateral facet contributing 62.6 % (95 % CI 61.3-63.8) and the medial facet contributing 37.4 % (95 % CI 36.2-38.7) to the total cartilage length. For the facet ratio, there was no statistically significant gender difference (n.s.). CONCLUSIONS: This study provides data on important landmarks for deepening trochleoplasty based on average MRI measurements in the general population. The difference between the MRI measurement and actual cartilage surface measurement is likely to be minimal, but is yet to be evaluated. Further evaluation of these landmarks by prospectively performing deepening trochleoplasty will determine the value of the clinical implication. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: II.
    Knee Surgery Sports Traumatology Arthroscopy 07/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The current study was undertaken to better define the gross anatomical and dimensional characteristics of the proximal hamstring origin.
    Knee Surgery Sports Traumatology Arthroscopy 06/2014; DOI:10.1007/s00167-014-3124-0
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose. The purpose of the present study was to determine the value of shoulder magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) obtained in the community setting interpreted by musculoskeletal radiologists in patients with shoulder pain initiated by a single non-dislocating shoulder trauma. METHODS: In 56 of 61 consecutive patients who underwent shoulder arthroscopy due to pain after a single non-dislocating shoulder trauma, the data sets of non-contrast MRI were complete. These were retrospectively interpreted by three radiologists specialized on musculoskeletal MRI who were blinded for patients' history and who did not have access to the reports of arthroscopy. Standard evaluation forms were used to assess the MRIs for superior labrum anterior and posterior (SLAP) lesions, anterior or posterior labrum lesions, lesions of the long head of biceps tendon (LHB) and for partial tears of the supraspinatus tendon and the upper quarter of the subscapularis tendon. Quality of the MRI was assessed by each radiologist on a four-point scale. RESULTS: The pooled sensitivity for the three radiologists for the detection of SLAP lesions was 45.0 %, for anterior or posterior labrum tears 77.8 and 66.7 %, for lesions of the LHB 63.2 % and for partial tears of the supraspinatus or subscapularis tendon tears 84.8 and 33.3 %. Corresponding inter-rater reliabilities were poor (SLAP lesions) to substantial (anterior labrum tears). Quality of MRI only influenced the accuracy for the detection of posterior labrum tears. CONCLUSION: A non-contrast shoulder MRI obtained in the community setting after non-dislocating shoulder trauma has a moderate sensitivity for most intraarticular pathologies when interpreted by musculoskeletal radiologists. Accuracy is dependent on the observer and not on the assessed quality. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Case series, Level IV.
    Knee Surgery Sports Traumatology Arthroscopy 06/2014; [Epub ahead of print].