Theoretical and Applied Genetics (Theor Appl Genet)

Publisher: Springer Verlag

Journal description

Founded in 1929 as "Der Züchter" a German journal for theoretical and applied genetics. In 1966 its direction changed from national to international and from plant breeding to genetics and breeding research. The title changed in 1968 to "Theoretical and Applied Genetics". Edited by H. Stubbe from 1946 to 1976 by H. F. Linskens 1977 to 1987 and by G. Wenzel from 1988. TAG will publish original articles in the following areas: Genetic and physiological fundamentals of plant breeding Applications of plant biotechnology Theoretical considerations in combination with experimental data

Current impact factor: 3.79

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2016
2014 Impact Factor 3.79
2013 Impact Factor 3.507
2012 Impact Factor 3.658
2011 Impact Factor 3.297
2010 Impact Factor 3.264
2009 Impact Factor 3.363
2008 Impact Factor 3.49
2007 Impact Factor 3.137
2006 Impact Factor 2.715
2005 Impact Factor 3.063
2004 Impact Factor 2.981
2003 Impact Factor 2.287
2002 Impact Factor 2.264
2001 Impact Factor 2.438
2000 Impact Factor 2.358
1999 Impact Factor 2.082
1998 Impact Factor 2.224
1997 Impact Factor 2.04
1996 Impact Factor 2.313
1995 Impact Factor 2.452
1994 Impact Factor 2.536
1993 Impact Factor 2.364
1992 Impact Factor 2.095

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 3.99
Cited half-life >10.0
Immediacy index 0.75
Eigenfactor 0.02
Article influence 0.93
Website Theoretical and Applied Genetics (TAG) website
Other titles Theoretical and applied genetics (Online), TAG, TAG, theoretical and applied genetics
ISSN 1432-2242
OCLC 39970596
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Springer Verlag

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Author's pre-print on pre-print servers such as
    • Author's post-print on author's personal website immediately
    • Author's post-print on any open access repository after 12 months after publication
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Published source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Set phrase to accompany link to published version (see policy)
    • Articles in some journals can be made Open Access on payment of additional charge
  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Key message: The QTL qhir8 affecting in vivo haploid induction in maize was mapped to a 789 kb region, embryo abortion rate and segregation ratios were analyzed, linkage markers for MAS were developed. The doubled-haploid (DH) technology has become an important tool for line development in modern maize breeding. However, the genetic basis of haploid induction remains elusive. In previous QTL mapping research, qhir8 besides qhir1 significantly affected haploid induction rate (HIR). Our objective was to fine map qhir8 and assess its effect on HIR, segregation distortion (SD) and embryo abortion (EmA). A total of 3989 F2 plants from the cross of inducers CAUHOI and UH400 were screened for recombinants in the qhir8 region. F2 plants and F3 plants from selfing progenies of 34 recombinant F2 plants were evaluated for HIR, SD and EmA. In parallel, we developed 31 new markers providing good coverage of the qhir8 region. We confirmed that qhir8 has an increasing effect on HIR and EmA, but not on SD. Moreover, we successfully narrowed down the qhir8 locus to a 789 kb region flanked by markers 4292232 and umc1867.
    Theoretical and Applied Genetics 10/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00122-015-2605-y
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Key message: Sequencing of BAC clones reveals the complex organization of the BnRf locus and allowed us to clone BnRf (b) , which encodes a nucleus-localized chimeric protein BnaA7.mtHSP70-1-like. The male sterility in an extensively used genic male sterility (GMS) line (9012A) in Brassica napus was regarded to be conferred by BnMs3/Bnms3 and the multiallelic BnRf locus including three alleles. We previously mapped BnRf to a 13.8 kb DNA fragment on the B. napus chromosome A7. In the present study, we isolated bacterial artificial chromosome clones individually covering the restorer allele BnRf (a) and the male-sterile allele BnRf (b) , and revealed that the candidate regions of BnRf (a) and BnRf (b) show complex structural variations relative to the maintainer allele BnRf (c). By analyzing the recombination events and the newly developed markers, we delimited BnRf (a) to a 35.9 kb DNA fragment that contained seven predicted open-reading frames (ORFs). However, genetic transformation of the ORF G14 from both the male-sterile and restorer lines into wild-type Arabidopsis plants led to a stable male-sterile phenotype matching a 9012A-derived GMS line (RG206A); moreover, the male sterility caused by G14 could be fully recovered by the restorer gene BnMs3. These facts indicate that BnRf (b) corresponds to G14 while BnRf (a) likely associates with another flanking ORF. G14 encodes a nucleus-localized chimeric protein designated as BnaA7.mtHSP70-1-like. Ectopic expression of G14 in Arabidopsis negatively regulates some vital genes responsible for tapetum degeneration, and delayed programmed cell death of tapetum and led to the developmental arrest of tetrads. Our work not only presents new insights on the hereditary model of sterility control but also lays a solid foundation for dissecting the molecular basis underlying male sterility and restoration in 9012A.
    Theoretical and Applied Genetics 10/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00122-015-2608-8
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Key message: The cucumber target leaf spot resistance gene cca - 3 was fine mapped in a 79-kb region harboring a CC-NB-ARC type R gene that may be responsible for the hypersensitive responses to infection of the target leaf spot pathogen in cucumber. The target leaf spot (TLS) is one of the most important foliar diseases in cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.). In this study, we conducted fine genetic mapping of a simply inherited recessive resistance gene, cca-3 against TLS with 193 F2:3 families and 890 F2 plants derived from the resistant cucumber inbred line D31 and the susceptible line D5. Initial mapping with microsatellite markers and bulked segregant analysis placed cca-3 in a 2.5-Mbp region of cucumber chromosome 6. The D5 and D31 lines were re-sequenced at 10× genome coverage to explore new markers in the target region. Genetic mapping in the large F2 population delimited the cca-3 locus in a 79-kb region with flanking markers Indel16874230 and Indel16953846. Additional fine mapping and gene annotation in this region revealed that a CC-NB-ARC type resistance gene analog, Csa6M375730, seems to be the candidate gene for cca-3. One single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) was found in the NB-ARC domain of this candidate gene sequence between D31 and D5 that may lead to amino acid change, thus altering the function of the conserved NB-ARC motif. This SNP was validated in the segregating population as well as 24 independent cucumber lines. There was significantly higher level of cca-3 expression in the leaves of D5 (susceptible) than in D31 (resistant), and the expression level was positively correlated with the areas of necrotic spots on leaves after inoculation. It seems the cca-3 resistance gene was able to induce hypersensitive responses to the infection by TLS pathogen.
    Theoretical and Applied Genetics 09/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00122-015-2604-z
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Key message: A 14 bp deletion in CsACS2 gene encoding a truncated loss-of-function protein is responsible for elongated fruit shape and perfect flowers in cucumber. In cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.), sex expression and fruit shape are important components of biological and marketable yield. The association of fruit shape and sex expression is a very interesting phenomenon. The sex determination is controlled primarily by the F (female) and M (monoecy) loci. Homozygous recessive mm plants bear bisexual (perfect) flowers, and the fruits are often round shaped. CsACS2 encoding the 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid synthase has been shown to be the candidate gene for the m locus. We recently identified an andromonoecious cucumber line H38 that has bisexual flowers but elongated fruits. To rapidly clone this monoecious gene in H38, we developed a tri-parent mapping strategy, which took advantage of the high-density Gy14 × 9930 cucumber genetic map and the powder of bulk segregant analysis. Microsatellite markers from the Gy14 × 9930 map were used to screen two pairs of unisexual and bisexual bulks constructed from H38 × Gy14 and H38 × 9930 F2 populations. Polymorphic markers were identified and used to quickly develop a framework map and place the monoecious locus of H38 in cucumber chromosome 1. Further fine mapping allowed identification of a novel allele, m-1, at the monoecious locus to control the bisexual flower in H38, which was due to a 14 bp deletion in the third exon of the CsACS2 gene encoding a truncated loss-of-function protein of the cucumber 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid synthase. This new allele provides a valuable tool in understanding the molecular mechanisms of CsACS2 in the relationships of sex determination, fruit shape, and CsACS activities in cucumber.
    Theoretical and Applied Genetics 09/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00122-015-2603-0
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Key message: By using 2V-specific EST-PCR markers and sequential GISH/FISH analysis, we identified four homozygous CS-2V translocation lines, including a novel compensating T2VS·2DL translocation line NAU422. This translocation line has longer spikes and produces more grains per spike than its recurrent parent CS and three other translocation lines, which could be a valuable resource in wheat yield improvement. Dasypyrum villosum (2n = 14, VV), the wild relative of wheat, possesses novel and superior alleles at many important loci and should be utilized to improve the genetic diversity of cultivated wheat and may be very helpful for the improvement of wheat yield. In this study, four homozygous Chinese Spring (CS)-D. villosum translocation lines containing different fragments of chromosome 2V were characterized from a pool, including 76 translocations that occur in chromosomes 1 V through 7 V of D. villosum by both molecular markers and cytogenetic analysis. A rough physical map of 2V was developed which included nine markers in three segments of the short arm and ten markers in the long arm. The photoperiod response gene of D. villosum (Ppd-V1) was physically mapped to the FL 0.33-0.53 region of 2VS, while the gene controlling bristles on the glume ridges (Bgr-V1) was mapped to 2VS FL 0.00-0.33. A novel compensating Triticum aestivum-D. villosum Robertsonian translocation line T2VS·2DL (NAU422) with good plant vigor and full fertility was further characterized by sequential genomic in situ hybridization and fluorescent in situ hybridization and the use of molecular markers. Compared to its recurrent parent CS and three other translocation lines, the T2VS·2DL translocation line has longer spikes, more spikelets and more grains per spike in two season years, which suggested that the alien segment may carry yield-related genes of D. villosum. The developed T2VS·2DL translocation line with its morphological and co-dominant molecular markers could be utilized as a novel germplasm for high-yield wheat breeding.
    Theoretical and Applied Genetics 09/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00122-015-2596-8
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Key message: Maximizing crop yield while at the same time minimizing crop failure for sustainable agriculture requires a better understanding of the impacts of plant breeding on crop genetic diversity. This review identifies knowledge gaps and shows the need for more research into genetic diversity changes under plant breeding. Modern plant breeding has made a profound impact on food production and will continue to play a vital role in world food security. For sustainable agriculture, a compromise should be sought between maximizing crop yield under changing climate and minimizing crop failure under unfavorable conditions. Such a compromise requires better understanding of the impacts of plant breeding on crop genetic diversity. Efforts have been made over the last three decades to assess crop genetic diversity using molecular marker technologies. However, these assessments have revealed some temporal diversity patterns that are largely inconsistent with our perception that modern plant breeding reduces crop genetic diversity. An attempt was made in this review to explain such discrepancies by examining empirical assessments of crop genetic diversity and theoretical investigations of genetic diversity changes over time under artificial selection. It was found that many crop genetic diversity assessments were not designed to assess diversity impacts from specific plant breeding programs, while others were experimentally inadequate and contained technical biases from the sampling of cultivars and genomes. Little attention has been paid to theoretical investigations on crop genetic diversity changes from plant breeding. A computer simulation of five simplified breeding schemes showed the substantial effects of plant breeding on the retention of heterozygosity over generations. It is clear that more efforts are needed to investigate crop genetic diversity in space and time under plant breeding to achieve sustainable crop production.
    Theoretical and Applied Genetics 08/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00122-015-2585-y
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Key message: In this paper, we determine the genetic architecture controlling leaf flecking in maize and investigate its relationship to disease resistance and the defense response. Flecking is defined as a mild, often environmentally dependent lesion phenotype observed on the leaves of several commonly used maize inbred lines. Anecdotal evidence suggests a link between flecking and enhanced broad-spectrum disease resistance. Neither the genetic basis underlying flecking nor its possible relationship to disease resistance has been systematically evaluated. The commonly used maize inbred Mo17 has a mild flecking phenotype. The IBM-advanced intercross mapping population, derived from a cross between Mo17 and another commonly used inbred B73, has been used for mapping a number of traits in maize including several related to disease resistance. In this study, flecking was assessed in the IBM population over 6 environments. Several quantitative trait loci for flecking were identified, with the strongest one located on chromosome 6. Low but moderately significant correlations were observed between stronger flecking and higher disease resistance with respect to two diseases, southern leaf blight and northern leaf blight and between stronger flecking and a stronger defense response.
    Theoretical and Applied Genetics 08/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00122-015-2588-8