Theoretical and Applied Genetics (Theor Appl Genet)

Publisher: Springer Verlag

Journal description

Founded in 1929 as "Der Züchter" a German journal for theoretical and applied genetics. In 1966 its direction changed from national to international and from plant breeding to genetics and breeding research. The title changed in 1968 to "Theoretical and Applied Genetics". Edited by H. Stubbe from 1946 to 1976 by H. F. Linskens 1977 to 1987 and by G. Wenzel from 1988. TAG will publish original articles in the following areas: Genetic and physiological fundamentals of plant breeding Applications of plant biotechnology Theoretical considerations in combination with experimental data

Current impact factor: 3.79

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2016
2014 Impact Factor 3.79
2013 Impact Factor 3.507
2012 Impact Factor 3.658
2011 Impact Factor 3.297
2010 Impact Factor 3.264
2009 Impact Factor 3.363
2008 Impact Factor 3.49
2007 Impact Factor 3.137
2006 Impact Factor 2.715
2005 Impact Factor 3.063
2004 Impact Factor 2.981
2003 Impact Factor 2.287
2002 Impact Factor 2.264
2001 Impact Factor 2.438
2000 Impact Factor 2.358
1999 Impact Factor 2.082
1998 Impact Factor 2.224
1997 Impact Factor 2.04
1996 Impact Factor 2.313
1995 Impact Factor 2.452
1994 Impact Factor 2.536
1993 Impact Factor 2.364
1992 Impact Factor 2.095

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 3.99
Cited half-life >10.0
Immediacy index 0.75
Eigenfactor 0.02
Article influence 0.93
Website Theoretical and Applied Genetics (TAG) website
Other titles Theoretical and applied genetics (Online), TAG, TAG, theoretical and applied genetics
ISSN 1432-2242
OCLC 39970596
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Springer Verlag

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Author's pre-print on pre-print servers such as
    • Author's post-print on author's personal website immediately
    • Author's post-print on any open access repository after 12 months after publication
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Published source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Set phrase to accompany link to published version (see policy)
    • Articles in some journals can be made Open Access on payment of additional charge
  • Classification

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Key message: Alloplasmic male sterile breeding lines of Eruca sativa were developed by intergeneric hybridization with CMS- Brassica oleracea, followed by recurrent backcrosses and determination of the breeding value. Male sterile breeding lines of rocket salad (Eruca sativa) were developed by intergeneric hybridization with cytoplasmic male sterile (CMS) cauliflower (Brassica oleracea) followed by recurrent backcrosses. Five amphidiploid F1 plants (2n = 2x = 20, CE), achieved by manual crosses and embryo rescue, showed an intermediate habit. The plants were completely male sterile and lacked seed set after pollination with the Eruca parent. Allotetraploid F1-hybrid plants (4n = 4x = 40, CCEE) obtained after colchicine treatment were backcrossed six times with pollen of the Eruca parent to select alloplasmic diploid E. sativa lines. The hybrid status and the nucleo-cytoplasmic constellation were continuously controlled by RAPD and Southern analysis during subsequent backcrosses. The ploidy level was investigated by flow cytometry and chromosome analysis. Premeiotic (sporophytic) and postmeiotic (pollen abortive) defects during the anther development were observed in the alloplasmic E. sativus plants in comparison to the CMS-cauliflower donor. No further incompatibilities were noticed between the CMS-inducing cybrid cytoplasm and the E. sativa nuclear genome. The final alloplasmic E. sativa lines were diploid with 2n = 2x = 22 chromosomes and revealed complete male sterility and restored female fertility. Plant vigor and yield potential of the CMS-E. sativa BC5 lines were comparable to the parental E. sativus line. In conclusion, the employed cybrid-cytoplasm has been proven as a vital source of CMS for E. sativa. The developed lines are directly applicable for hybrid breeding of rocket salad.
    Theoretical and Applied Genetics 11/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00122-015-2630-x
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Key message: Fifty-six QTL for flour color-related traits and polyphenol oxidase activity were identified using a genome-wide linkage mapping of data from a RIL population derived from a Gaocheng 8901/Zhoumai 16 cross. Flour color-related traits, including L*, a*, b*, yellow pigment content (YPC), and polyphenol oxidase (PPO) activity are important parameters influencing the quality of wheat end-use products. Mapping quantitative trait loci (QTL) for these traits and characterization of candidate genes are important for improving wheat quality. The aims of this study were to identify QTL for flour color-related traits and PPO activity and to characterize candidate genes using a high-density genetic linkage map in a common wheat recombinant inbred line (RIL) population derived from a cross between Gaocheng 8901 and Zhoumai 16. A linkage map was constructed by genotyping the RILs with the wheat 90 K iSelect array. Fifty-six QTL were mapped on 35 chromosome regions on homoeologous groups 1, 2, 5 and 7 chromosomes, and chromosomes 3B, 4A, 4B and 6B. Four QTL were for PPO activity, and the others were for flour color-related traits. Compared with previous studies, five QTL for a*, two for b*, one for L*, one for YPC and one for PPO activity were new. The new QTL on chromosome 2DL was involved in both a* and YPC, and another on chromosome 7DS affected both a* and L*. The scan for SNP sequences tightly linked to QTL for flour color-related traits against the wheat and/or related cereals genomes identified six candidate genes significantly related to these traits, and five of them were associated with the terpenoid backbone biosynthesis pathway. The high-density genetic linkage map of Gaocheng 8901/Zhoumai 16 represents a useful tool to identify QTL for important quality traits and candidate genes.
    Theoretical and Applied Genetics 11/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00122-015-2634-6
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Key message: This is the first report on genetic mapping of a resistance locus against Fusarium wilt caused by the plant pathogen Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. melongenae in cultivated eggplant. Fusarium wilt, caused by the plant pathogen Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. melongenae, is a major soil-borne disease threatening stable production in eggplant (Solanum melongena). Although three eggplant germplasms, LS1934, LS174, and LS2436, are known to be highly resistant to the pathogen, their resistance loci have not been mapped. In this study, we performed quantitative trait locus analyses in F2:3 populations and detected a resistance locus, FM1, at the end of chromosome 2, with two alleles, Fm1 (L) and Fm1 (E) , in the F2 populations LWF2 [LS1934 × WCGR112-8 (susceptible)] and EWF2 [EPL-1 (derived from LS174) × WCGR112-8], respectively. The percentage of phenotypic variance explained by Fm1 (L) derived from LS1934 was 75.0 % [Logarithm of the odds (LOD) = 29.3], and that explained by Fm1 (E) derived from EPL-1 was 92.2 % (LOD = 65.8). Using backcrossed inbred lines, we mapped FM1 between two simple sequence repeat markers located ~4.881 cM apart from each other. Comparing the location of the above locus to those of previously reported ones, the resistance locus Rfo-sa1 from an eggplant ally (Solanum aethiopicum gr. Gilo) was mapped very close to FM1, whereas another resistance locus, from LS2436, was mapped to the middle of chromosome 4. This is the first report of mapping of a Fusarium resistance locus in cultivated eggplant. The availability of resistance-linked markers will enable the application of marker-assisted selection to overcome problems posed by self-incompatibility and introduction of negative traits because of linkage drag, and will lead to clear understanding of genetic mechanism of Fusarium resistance.
    Theoretical and Applied Genetics 11/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00122-015-2632-8
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Key message: Identification of QTL for phytosterol content, oil content, fatty acids content, protein content of defatted meal, and seed weight by multiple interval mapping in a Brassica napus DH population. Phytosterols are minor seed constituents in oilseed rape which have recently drawn wide-interest from the food and nutrition industry due to their health benefit in lowering LDL cholesterol in humans. To understand the genetic basis of phytosterol content and its relationship with other seed quality traits in oilseed rape, QTL mapping was performed in a segregating DH population derived from the cross of two winter oilseed rape varieties, Sansibar and Oase, termed SODH population. Both parental lines are of canola quality which differ in phytosterol and oil content in seed. A genetic map was constructed for SODH population based on a total of 1638 markers organized in 23 linkage groups and covering a map length of 2350 cM with a mean marker interval of 2.0 cM. The SODH population and the parental lines were cultivated at six environments in Europe and were phenotyped for phytosterol content, oil content, fatty acids content, protein content of the defatted meal, and seed weight. Multiple interval mapping identified between one and six QTL for nine phytosterol traits, between two and six QTL for four fatty acids, five QTL for oil content, four QTL for protein content of defatted meal, and three QTL for seed weight. Colocalizations of QTL for different traits were more frequently observed than individual isolated QTL. Major QTL (R (2) ≥ 25 %) were all located in the A genome, and the possible candidate genes were investigated by physical localization of the QTL to the reference genome sequence of Brassica rapa.
    Theoretical and Applied Genetics 10/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00122-015-2621-y
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Key message: We show the usefulness of integrating effector screening in a breeding program and in resistance gene cloning, with Phytophthora resistance in the Swedish potato breeding clone SW93-1015 as an example. Phytophthora infestans is one of the most devastating plant pathogens worldwide. We have earlier found that the SW93-1015 potato breeding clone has an efficient resistance against P. infestans under field conditions in Sweden, which has an unusually high local diversity of the pathogen. This potato clone has characteristics that are different from classical R-gene-mediated resistance such as elevated levels of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) under controlled conditions. Analysis of 76 F1 potato progenies from two individual crosses resulted in nearly 50 % resistant clones, from both crosses. This result suggests that the SW93-1015 clone has a simplex genotype for this trait. Screening with over 50 different P. infestans effectors, containing the conserved motif RXLR (for Arg, any amino acid, Leu, Arg), revealed a specific response to Avr2, which suggests that SW93-1015 might contain a functional homolog of the R2 resistance gene. We cloned eight R2 gene homologs from SW93-1015, whereof seven have not been described before and one gene encoded a protein identical to Rpi-ABPT. Expression of this gene in potato cultivar Désirée provided R2-specific resistance, whereas other homologues did not. Using RNAseq analyses we designed a new DNA marker for the R2 resistance in SW93-1015. In summary, we have demonstrated the use of effector screening in practical breeding material and revealed the key resistance mechanism for SW93-1015.
    Theoretical and Applied Genetics 10/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00122-015-2613-y
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Key message: Using map-based cloning of Tril gene, we identified a homeodomain-leucine zipper gene involved in the initiation of multicellular trichomes (including the spines of fruit) in cucumber. Fruit spines are a special type of trichome that impacts the quality and appearance of cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) fruit. Scanning electron microscopy revealed that the trichome-less (tril) mutant originating from European greenhouse cucumber has a completely glabrous phenotype on cotyledons, hypocotyls, young leaves, fruits, and fruit stalks. Genetic analysis revealed that tril was inherited as a recessive allele at a single locus. Using 1058 F2 individuals derived from a cross between cucumber tril mutant CGN19839 and the micro-trichome (mict) mutant 06-2, tril was mapped to chromosome 6, and narrowed down to a 37.4 kb genomic region which carries seven predicted genes. Genetic and molecular analyses revealed that gene Cucsa.045360 is a possible candidate gene for the differentiation of epidermal cells to trichomes. It is a member of the class IV homeodomain-leucine zipper (HD-Zip IV) family and encodes homeodomain and START domain, sharing 66.7 % predicted amino acid sequence identity to PROTODERMAL FACTOR2 (PDF2) and 35.0 % to GLABRA2 (GL2) of Arabidopsis. The homeobox domain had changed amino acid sequence because of an insertion in tril mutant. The results of genetic analysis and transcriptome profiling indicated that the Tril gene had an epistatic effect on the Mict gene in trichome development. Phenotypes of the tril mutant such as glabrous fruits and female flowers at every node could be used in developing new cultivars.
    Theoretical and Applied Genetics 10/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00122-015-2628-4
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Key message: Diachronic analysis showed no significant changes in the level of genetic diversity occurred over the past 27 years' domestication, which indicated genetic diversity was successfully maintained under on-farm conservation. Rice (Oryza sativa L.) is one of the earliest domesticated crop species. Its genetic diversity has been declining as a result of natural and artificial selection. In this study, we performed the first analysis of the levels and patterns of nucleotide variation in rice genomes under on-farm conservation in Yunnan during a 27-year period of domestication. We performed large-scale sequencing of 600 rice accessions with high diversity, which were collected in 1980 and 2007, using ten unlinked nuclear loci. Diachronic analysis showed no significant changes in the level of genetic diversity occurring over the past 27 years' domestication, which indicated genetic diversity was successfully maintained under on-farm conservation. Population structure revealed that the rice landraces could be grouped into two subpopulations, namely the indica and japonica groups. Interestingly, the alternate distribution of indica and japonica rice landraces could be found in each ecological zone. The results of AMOVA showed that on-farm conservation provides opportunities for continued differentiation and variation of landraces. Therefore, dynamic conservation measures such as on-farm conservation (which is a backup, complementary strategy to ex situ conservation) should be encouraged and enhanced, especially in crop genetic diversity centers. The results of this study offered accurate insights into short-term evolutionary processes and provided a scientific basis for on-farm management practices.
    Theoretical and Applied Genetics 10/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00122-015-2617-7
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Key message: The QTL qhir8 affecting in vivo haploid induction in maize was mapped to a 789 kb region, embryo abortion rate and segregation ratios were analyzed, linkage markers for MAS were developed. The doubled-haploid (DH) technology has become an important tool for line development in modern maize breeding. However, the genetic basis of haploid induction remains elusive. In previous QTL mapping research, qhir8 besides qhir1 significantly affected haploid induction rate (HIR). Our objective was to fine map qhir8 and assess its effect on HIR, segregation distortion (SD) and embryo abortion (EmA). A total of 3989 F2 plants from the cross of inducers CAUHOI and UH400 were screened for recombinants in the qhir8 region. F2 plants and F3 plants from selfing progenies of 34 recombinant F2 plants were evaluated for HIR, SD and EmA. In parallel, we developed 31 new markers providing good coverage of the qhir8 region. We confirmed that qhir8 has an increasing effect on HIR and EmA, but not on SD. Moreover, we successfully narrowed down the qhir8 locus to a 789 kb region flanked by markers 4292232 and umc1867.
    Theoretical and Applied Genetics 10/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00122-015-2605-y