Planta Journal Impact Factor & Information

Publisher: Springer Verlag

Journal description

Planta publishes original articles and invited reviews in all aspects of plant biology particularly in molecular and cell biology ultrastructure biochemistry metabolism growth development and morphogenesis ecological and environmental physiology biotechnology plant-microorganism interactions. Preference is given to experimental articles and articles serving as the basis for experimental work.

Current impact factor: 3.26

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2016
2014 Impact Factor 3.263
2013 Impact Factor 3.376
2012 Impact Factor 3.347
2011 Impact Factor 3
2010 Impact Factor 3.098
2009 Impact Factor 3.372
2008 Impact Factor 3.088
2007 Impact Factor 3.058
2006 Impact Factor 2.963
2005 Impact Factor 3.108
2004 Impact Factor 3.113
2003 Impact Factor 3.053
2002 Impact Factor 2.96
2001 Impact Factor 3.349
2000 Impact Factor 3.199
1999 Impact Factor 2.977
1998 Impact Factor 3.093
1997 Impact Factor 3.323
1996 Impact Factor 3.12
1995 Impact Factor 3.318
1994 Impact Factor 3.3
1993 Impact Factor 2.828
1992 Impact Factor 2.92

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 3.63
Cited half-life >10.0
Immediacy index 0.61
Eigenfactor 0.02
Article influence 0.95
Website Planta website
Other titles Planta (Online)
ISSN 1432-2048
OCLC 39973170
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Springer Verlag

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Author's pre-print on pre-print servers such as
    • Author's post-print on author's personal website immediately
    • Author's post-print on any open access repository after 12 months after publication
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Published source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Set phrase to accompany link to published version (see policy)
    • Articles in some journals can be made Open Access on payment of additional charge
  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Main conclusion: A combination of unique EPSPS structure and increased gene copy number and expression contribute to natural glyphosate tolerance in three lilyturf species. A few plants are naturally tolerant to glyphosate, the most widely used non-selective herbicide worldwide. Here, the basis for natural tolerance to glyphosate in three lilyturf species, Ophiopogon japonicus (OJ), Liriope spicata (LS), and Liriope platyphylla (LP), is characterized. These species tolerate glyphosate at about five times the commercially recommended field dose. They share three unique amino acids in their 5-enolpyruvylshikimate-3-phosphate synthase (EPSPS) that affect glyphosate binding. These correspond to Asp71Met, Ala112Ile, and Val201Met amino acid variations compared to 231 other published plant EPSPS amino acid sequences. There was also a common deletion at 91 of a highly conserved glutamic acid. Glyphosate-treated lilyturf plants accumulated little shikimic acid but had significantly higher levels of EPSPS mRNA than initially expressed in the control. The IC50 of LsEPSPS was 14.0 µM compared to the 5.1 µM of Arabidopsis thaliana. The higher K m and K i values of LsEPSPS kinetics showed that LsEPSPS had lower substrate binding affinity to glyphosate. Overexpression of LsEPSPS in the recombinant E. coli BL21 (DE3) strain enhanced its tolerance to glyphosate. Both OJ and LS had two copies of the EPSPS gene, while LP had three copies. Therefore, a combination of unique EPSPS structure and increased gene copy number and expression contribute to natural glyphosate tolerance in the three lilyturf species.
    Planta 09/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00425-015-2408-z
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    ABSTRACT: Main conclusion: A silicon transporter homolog was upregulated by Si fertilization and drought in potato roots and leaves. High Si in tuber skin resulted in anatomical and compositional changes suggesting delayed skin maturation. Silicon (Si) fertilization has beneficial effects on plant resistance to biotic and abiotic stresses. Potatoes, low Si accumulators, are susceptible to yield loss due to suboptimal growth conditions; thus Si fertilization may contribute to crop improvement. The effect of Si fertilization on transcript levels of putative transporters, Si uptake and tuber quality was studied in potatoes grown in a glasshouse and fertilized with sodium silicate, under normal and drought-stress conditions. Anatomical studies and Raman spectroscopic analyses of tuber skin were conducted. A putative transporter, StLsi1, with conserved amino acid domains for Si transport, was isolated. The StLsi1 transcript was detected in roots and leaves and its level increased twofold following Si fertilization, and about fivefold in leaves upon Si × drought interaction. Nevertheless, increased Si accumulation was detected only in tuber peel of Si-fertilized plants-probably due to passive movement of Si from the soil solution-where it modified skin cell morphology and cell-wall composition. Compared to controls, skin cell area was greater, suberin biosynthetic genes were upregulated and skin cell walls were enriched with oxidized aromatic moieties suggesting enhanced lignification and suberization. The accumulating data suggest delayed tuber skin maturation following Si fertilization. Despite StLsi1 upregulation, low accumulation of Si in roots and leaves may result from low transport activity. Study of Si metabolism in potato, a major staple food, would contribute to the improvement of other low Si crops to ensure food security under changing climate.
    Planta 09/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00425-015-2401-6
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    ABSTRACT: Main conclusion: Auxin and abscisic acid regulate strawberry fruit ripening and senescence through cross-talk of their signal transduction pathways that further modulate the structural genes related to physico-chemical properties of fruit. The physiological and transcriptomic changes in harvested strawberry fruits in responses to IAA, ABA and their combination were analyzed. Exogenous IAA delayed the ripening process of strawberries after harvest while ABA promoted the postharvest ripening. However, treatment with a combination of IAA and ABA did not slow down nor accelerate the postharvest ripening in the strawberry fruits. At the molecular level, exogenous IAA up regulated the expressions of genes related to IAA signaling, including AUX/IAA, ARF, TOPLESS and genes encoding E3 ubiquitin protein ligase and annexin, and down regulated genes related to pectin depolymerization, cell wall degradation, sucrose and anthocyanin biosyntheses. In contrast, exogenous ABA induced genes related to fruit softening, and genes involved in signaling pathways including SKP1, HSPs, CK2, and SRG1. Comparison of transcriptomes in responses to individual treatments with IAA or ABA or the combination revealed that there were cooperative and antagonistic actions between IAA and ABA in fruit. However, 17 % of the differentially expressed unigenes in response to the combination of IAA and ABA were unique and were not found in those unigenes responding to either IAA or ABA alone. The analyses also found that receptor-like kinases and ubiquitin ligases responded to both IAA and ABA, which seemed to play a pivotal role in both hormones' signaling pathways and thus might be the cross-talk points of both hormones.
    Planta 09/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00425-015-2402-5
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    ABSTRACT: Main conclusion: The T-DNA 6b oncogene induces complex and partly unprecedented phenotypic changes in tobacco stems and leaves, which result from hypertrophy and hyperplasia with ectopic spot-like, ridge-like and sheet-like meristems. The Agrobacterium T-DNA oncogene 6b causes complex growth changes in tobacco including enations; this unusual phenotype has been called "6b enation syndrome". A detailed morphological and anatomical analysis of the aerial part of Nicotiana tabacum plants transformed with a dexamethasone-inducible dex-T-6b gene revealed several striking growth phenomena. Among these were: uniform growth of ectopic photosynthetic cells on the abaxial leaf side, gutter-like petioles with multiple parallel secondary veins, ectopic leaf primordia emerging behind large glandular trichomes, corniculate structures emerging from distal ends of secondary veins, pin-like structures with remarkable branching patterns, ectopic vascular strands in midveins and petioles extending down along the stem, epiascidia and hypoascidia, double enations and complete inhibition of leaf outgrowth. Ectopic stipule-like leaves and inverted leaves were found at the base of the petioles. Epinastic and hyponastic growth of petioles and midveins yielded complex but predictable leaf folding patterns. Detailed anatomical analysis of over sixty different 6b-induced morphological changes showed that the different modifications are derived from hypertrophy and abaxial hyperplasia, with ectopic photosynthetic cells forming spot-like, ridge-like and sheet-like meristems and ectopic vascular strands forming regular patterns in midveins, petioles and stems. Part of the enation syndrome is due to an unknown phloem-mobile enation factor. Graft experiments showed that the 6b mRNA is mobile and could be the enation factor. Our work provides a better insight in the basic effects of the 6b oncogene.
    Planta 09/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00425-015-2387-0
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    ABSTRACT: Main conclusion: This is a first report of an Ala-205-Phe substitution in acetolactate synthase conferring resistance to imidazolinone, sulfonylurea, triazolopyrimidines, sulfonylamino-carbonyl-triazolinones, and pyrimidinyl (thio) benzoate herbicides. Resistance to acetolactate synthase (ALS) and photosystem II inhibiting herbicides was confirmed in a population of allotetraploid annual bluegrass (Poa annua L.; POAAN-R3) selected from golf course turf in Tennessee. Genetic sequencing revealed that seven of eight POAAN-R3 plants had a point mutation in the psbA gene resulting in a known Ser-264-Gly substitution on the D1 protein. Whole plant testing confirmed that this substitution conferred resistance to simazine in POAAN-R3. Two homeologous forms of the ALS gene (ALSa and ALSb) were detected and expressed in all POAAN-R3 plants sequenced. The seven plants possessing the Ser-264-Gly mutation conferring resistance to simazine also had a homozygous Ala-205-Phe substitution on ALSb, caused by two nucleic acid substitutions in one codon. In vitro ALS activity assays with recombinant protein and whole plant testing confirmed that this Ala-205-Phe substitution conferred resistance to imidazolinone, sulfonylurea, triazolopyrimidines, sulfonylamino-carbonyl- triazolinones, and pyrimidinyl (thio) benzoate herbicides. This is the first report of Ala-205-Phe mutation conferring wide spectrum resistance to ALS inhibiting herbicides.
    Planta 09/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00425-015-2399-9
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    ABSTRACT: Main conclusion: Arabidopsis plants in NaCl suffering half growth inhibition do not suffer osmotic stress and seldom shoot Na (+) toxicity; overaccumulation of Na (+) plus K (+) might trigger the inhibition. It is widely assumed that salinity inhibits plant growth by osmotic stress and shoot Na(+) toxicity. This study aims to examine the growth inhibition of Arabidopsis thaliana by NaCl concentrations that allow the completion of the life cycle. Unaffected Col-0 wild-type plants were used to define nontoxic Na(+) contents; Na(+) toxicities in shoots and roots were analyzed in hkt1 and sos1 mutants, respectively. The growth inhibition of Col-0 plants at 40 mM Na(+) was mild and equivalent to that produced by 8 and 4 mM Na(+) in hkt1 and sos1 plants, respectively. Therefore, these mutants allowed to study the toxicity of Na(+) in the absence of an osmotic challenge. Col-0 and Ts-1 accessions showed very different Na(+) contents but similar growth inhibitions; Ts-1 plants showed very high leaf Na(+) contents but no symptoms of Na(+) toxicity. Ak-1, C24, and Fei-0 plants were highly affected by NaCl showing evident symptoms of shoot Na(+) toxicity. Increasing K(+) in isotonic NaCl/KCl combinations dramatically decreased the Na(+) content in all Arabidopsis accessions and eliminated the signs of Na(+) toxicity in most of them but did not relieve growth inhibition. This suggested that the dominant inhibition in these conditions was either osmotic or of an ionic nature unspecific for Na(+) or K(+). Col-0 and Ts-1 plants growing in sorbitol showed a clear osmotic stress characterized by a notable decrease of their water content, but this response did not occur in NaCl. Overaccumulation of Na(+) plus K(+) might trigger growth reduction in NaCl-treated plants.
    Planta 09/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00425-015-2400-7
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    ABSTRACT: Main conclusion: High-throughput sequencing and degradome analysis for Cercis gigantea identified 194 known miRNAs and 23 novel miRNAs with 61 targets. The comparison results of highly conserved miRNAs and non-conserved miRNAs implied that C. gigantea miRNAs were subjected to the neutral evolution. MicroRNAs play a key role in post-transcriptionally regulating gene expression during plant growth, development and other various biological processes. Although numerous miRNAs have been identified and documented, to date, there are no reports on Cercis gigantea (C. gigantea) miRNAs. In this study, C. gigantea miRNAs and their target genes were investigated by extracting RNA from young roots, tender stems, young leaves, and flower buds of C. gigantea to establish a small RNA and a degradome library to further sequence. This study identified 194 known miRNAs belonging to 52 miRNA families and 23 novel miRNAs. Among these, 158 miRNAs from 27 miRNA families were highly conserved and existed in a plurality of plants. In addition, 60 different targets for 30 known families and one target for novel miRNA were identified by high-throughput sequencing and degradome analysis in C. gigantea. The comparison results revealed that highly conserved miRNAs have higher expression levels, more family members and more targets than non-conserved miRNAs, indicating that C. gigantea miRNAs were subjected to the neutral evolution. Meanwhile, these conserved miRNAs were also found to be involved in auxin signal transduction, regulation of transcription, and other developmental processes, which will help further understanding regulatory mechanisms of C. gigantea miRNAs.
    Planta 09/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00425-015-2389-y
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    ABSTRACT: Main conclusion: Epicuticular wax of cherry laurel does not contribute to the formation of the cuticular transpiration barrier, which must be established by intracuticular wax. Barrier properties of cuticles are established by cuticular wax deposited on the outer surface of the cuticle (epicuticular wax) and in the cutin polymer (intracuticular wax). It is still an open question to what extent epi- and/or intracuticular waxes contribute to the formation of the transpiration barrier. Epicuticular wax was mechanically removed from the surfaces of isolated cuticles and intact leaf disks of cherry laurel (Prunus laurocerasus L.) by stripping with different polymers (collodion, cellulose acetate and gum arabic). Scanning electron microscopy showed that two consecutive treatments with all three polymers were sufficient to completely remove epicuticular wax since wax platelets disappeared and cuticle surfaces appeared smooth. Waxes in consecutive polymer strips and wax remaining in the cuticle after treatment with the polymers were determined by gas chromatography. This confirmed that two treatments of the polymers were sufficient for selectively removing epicuticular wax. Water permeability of isolated cuticles and cuticles covering intact leaf disks was measured using (3)H-labelled water before and after selectively removing epicuticular wax. Cellulose acetate and its solvent acetone led to a significant increase of cuticular permeability, indicating that the organic solvent acetone affected the cuticular transpiration barrier. However, permeability did not change after two subsequent treatments with collodion and gum arabic or after treatment with the corresponding solvents (diethyl ether:ethanol or water). Thus, in the case of P. laurocerasus the epicuticular wax does not significantly contribute to the formation of the cuticular transpiration barrier, which evidently must be established by the intracuticular wax.
    Planta 09/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00425-015-2397-y
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    ABSTRACT: Main conclusion: The activation and level of expression of an endogenous, stress-responsive biosensor (bioreporter) can be visualized in real-time and non-destructively using highly accessible equipment (fluorometer). Biosensor output can be linked to computer-controlled systems to enable feedback-based control of a greenhouse environment. Today's agriculture requires an ability to precisely and rapidly assess the physiological stress status of plants in order to optimize crop yield. Here we describe the implementation and utility of a detection system based on a simple fluorometer design for real-time, continuous, and non-destructive monitoring of a genetically engineered biosensor plant. We report the responses to heat stress of Arabidopsis thaliana plants expressing a Yellow Fluorescent Protein bioreporter under the control of the DREB2A temperature-sensing promoter. Use of this bioreporter provides the ability to identify transient and steady-state behavior of gene activation in response to stress, and serves as an interface for novel experimental protocols. Models identified through such experiments inform the development of computer-based feedback control systems for the greenhouse environment, based on in situ monitoring of mature plants. More broadly, the work here provides a basis for informing biologists and engineers about the kinetics of bioreporter constructs, and also about ways in which other fluorescent protein constructs could be integrated into automated control systems.
    Planta 08/2015; 242(5). DOI:10.1007/s00425-015-2393-2
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    ABSTRACT: Main conclusion: Light quality has various effects on photochemistry and protein phosphorylation in Zea mays and Arabidopsis thaliana thylakoids due to different degrees of light penetration across leaves and redox status in chloroplasts. The effect of the spectral quality of light (red, R and far red, FR) on the function of thylakoid proteins in Zea mays and Arabidopsis thaliana was investigated. It was concluded that red light stimulates PSII activity in A. thaliana thylakoids and in maize bundle sheath (BS) thylakoids, but not in mesophyll (M) thylakoids. The light quality did not change PSI activity in M thylakoids of maize. FR used after a white light period increased PSI activity significantly in maize BS and only slightly in A. thaliana thylakoids. As shown by blue native (BN)-PAGE followed by SDS-PAGE, proteins were differently phosphorylated in the thylakoids, indicating their different functions. FR light increased dephosphorylation of LHCII proteins in A. thaliana thylakoids, whereas in maize, dephosphorylation did not occur at all. The rate of phosphorylation was higher in maize BS than in M thylakoids. D1 protein phosphorylation increased in maize and decreased in A. thaliana upon irradiation with both R and growth light (white light, W). Light variations did not change the level of proteins in thylakoids. Our data strongly suggest that response to light quality is a species-dependent phenomenon. We concluded that the maize chloroplasts were differently stimulated, probably due to different degrees of light penetration across the leaf and thereby the redox status in the chloroplasts. These acclimation changes induced by light quality are important in the regulation of chloroplast membrane flexibility and thus its function.
    Planta 08/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00425-015-2392-3
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    ABSTRACT: Main conclusion: The role of mannitol differs from that of glucose, fructose and sucrose in sepal cell expansion associated with flower opening in Delphinium × belladonna. Sepals of Delphinium × belladonna are colored and much larger than the petals. To determine whether the role of mannitol in sepal growth associated with flower opening differs from those of ubiquitous metabolic sugars including glucose, fructose and sucrose, we investigated changes in cell number, subcellular concentrations of soluble carbohydrates, and osmotic potential in sepals during flower opening in Delphinium × belladonna cv. Bellamosum. The number of epidermal cells in the sepals did not increase from the stage when sepal pigmentation started, whereas the cell area increased during flower opening, indicating that petal growth during flower opening depends on cell expansion. Mannitol concentrations in the vacuole at three different stages were approximately 100 mM, which were much higher than the other carbohydrate concentrations, but they decreased slightly at open stage. In contrast, mannitol concentration in the cytoplasm was 56 mM at bud stage, but it increased to 104 mM at open stage. Glucose and fructose concentrations in the vacuole at open stage increased to 45 and 56 mM, respectively. Total osmotic potential in apoplast and symplast, which was partially due to soluble carbohydrates, was almost constant during flower opening. Therefore, mannitol may be acting constitutively as the main osmoticum in the vacuole where it may contribute to the maintenance of the osmotic balance between the cytoplasm and vacuole in open flowers. The role of mannitol differs from those of glucose, fructose, and sucrose in sepal cell expansion in Delphinium × belladonna.
    Planta 08/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00425-015-2385-2