Microbial Ecology (Microb Ecol )

Publisher: International Society for Microbial Ecology, Springer Verlag

Description

Microbial Ecology is an international journal whose aim is the advancement and dissemination of information describing the interactions between microorganisms and the biotic and abiotic components of their environments. Microbial Ecology features articles of original research and brief reviews.

  • Impact factor
    3.28
  • 5-year impact
    3.68
  • Cited half-life
    6.80
  • Immediacy index
    0.59
  • Eigenfactor
    0.02
  • Article influence
    1.16
  • Website
    Microbial Ecology website
  • Other titles
    Microbial ecology (Online)
  • ISSN
    1432-184X
  • OCLC
    41239662
  • Material type
    Document, Periodical, Internet resource
  • Document type
    Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Springer Verlag

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Author's pre-print on pre-print servers such as arXiv.org
    • Author's post-print on author's personal website immediately
    • Author's post-print on any open access repository after 12 months after publication
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Published source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Set phrase to accompany link to published version (see policy)
    • Articles in some journals can be made Open Access on payment of additional charge
  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • Microbial Ecology 12/2014; In press.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The response of microbial communities to disturbance is a major concern for microbial ecologists since potential modifications in their composition and functioning may affect ecosystems to a larger extent. Microbial ecosystems may be resistant (not affected) or may present engineering (return to initial state) or ecological resilience. In the latter case, when the disturbance is released the ecosystem evolves towards a new equilibrium state. The aim of this study was to determine if variations in the magnitude of a disturbance could induce either engineering or ecological resilience. We used phototrophic biofilms grown in mesocosms as a model of microbial ecosystem and increasing drought duration (1-8 weeks) as a range of disturbances. Biofilm composition (algal and prokaryotic), photosynthetic activity (PhytoPAM) and potential functional diversity (Biolog) were determined at the end of dry phase and after a 2- weeks rewetting phase in individual aquaria. We only observed an ecological resilience of the biofilm, with a resistance of phototrophic component for the weakest disturbance. After rewetting, the biofilm could fulfill the same functions, but its species composition was highly modified. We observed a shift from cyanobacteria dominance towards diatom dominance. The disturbance caused a transition towards a new steady state of the biofilm. We also observed a positive effect of stress duration on biofilm productivity after resilience.
    Microbial Ecology 10/2014; First published online.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Food security (a pressing issue for all nations) faces a threat due to population growth, land availability for growing crops, a changing climate (leading to increases in both abiotic and biotic stresses), heightened consumer awareness of the risks related to the use of agrichemicals, and also the reliance on depleting fossil fuel reserves for their production. Legislative changes in Europe mean that fewer agrichemicals will be available in the future for the control of crop pests and pathogens. The need for the implementation of a more sustainable agricultural system globally, incorporating an integrated approach to disease management, has never been more urgent. To that end, the Valorizing Andean Microbial Diversity (VALORAM) project (http://valoram.ucc.ie), funded under FP7, examined the role of microbial communities in crop production and protection to improve the sustainability, food security, environmental protection, and productivity for rural Andean farmers. During this work, microbial volatile organic compounds (mVOCs) of 27 rhizobacterial isolates were identified using gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS), and their antifungal activity against Rhizoctonia solani was determined in vitro and compared to the activity of a selection of pure volatile compounds. Five of these isolates, Pseudomonas palleroniana R43631, Bacillus sp. R47065, R47131, Paenibacillus sp. B3a R49541, and Bacillus simplex M3-4 R49538 trialled in the field in their respective countries of origin, i.e., Bolivia, Peru, and Ecuador, showed significant increase in the yield of potato. The strategy followed in the VALORAM project may offer a template for the future isolation and determination of putative biocontrol and plant growth-promoting agents, useful as part of a low-input integrated pest management system.
    Microbial Ecology 10/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: As part of a larger investigation, the effect of apex predation on estuarine bacterial community structure, through trophic cascading, was investigated using experimental in situ mesocosms. Through either the removal (filtration) or addition of specific size classes of planktonic groups, four different trophic scenarios were established using estuarine water and its associated plankton. One such treatment represented a "natural" scenario in which stable apex predatory pressure was qualified. Water samples were collected over time from each of the treatments for bacterial community evaluation. These samples were assessed through pyrosequencing of the variable regions 4 and 5 of the bacterial 16S rRNA gene and analysed at the species operational taxonomic unit (OTU) level using a community procedure. The blue-green group dominated the samples, followed by Proteobacteria and Bacteroidetes. Samples were the most similar among treatments at the commencement of the experiment. While the bacterial communities sampled within each treatment changed over time, the deviation from initial appeared to be linked to the treatment trophic scenarios. The least temporal deviation-from-initial in bacterial community was found within the stable apex predatory pressure treatment. These findings are consistent with trophic cascade theory, whereby predators mediate interactions at multiple lower trophic levels with consequent repercussions for diversity.
    Microbial Ecology 10/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Modern research in the area of probiotics is largely devoted to discovering factors that promote the adherence of probiotic candidates to host mucosal surfaces. The aim of the present study was to test the role of aggregation factor (AggL) and mucin-binding protein (MbpL) from Lactococcus sp. in adhesion to gastrointestinal mucosa. In vitro, ex vivo, and in vivo experiments in rats were used to assess the adhesive potential of these two proteins expressed in heterologous host Lactobacillus salivarius BGHO1. Although there was no influence of MbpL protein expression on BGHO1 adhesion to gut mucosa, expression of AggL had a negative effect on BGHO1 binding to ileal and colonic rat mucosa, as well as to human HT29-MTX cells and porcine gastric mucin in vitro. Because AggL did not decrease the adhesion of bacteria to intestinal fragments in ex vivo tests, where peristaltic simulation conditions were missing, we propose that intestinal motility could be a crucial force for eliminating aggregation-factor-bearing bacteria. Bacterial strains expressing aggregation factor could facilitate the removal of pathogens through the coaggregation mechanism, thus balancing gut microbial ecosystems in people affected by intestinal bacteria overgrowth.
    Microbial Ecology 05/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Bacterial resistance to antibiotics has become a public health issue. Over the years, pathogenic organisms with resistance traits have been studied due to the threat they pose to human well-being. However, several studies raised awareness to the often disregarded importance of environmental bacteria as sources of resistance mechanisms. In this work, we analyze the diversity of antibiotic-resistant bacteria occurring in aquatic environments of the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, that are subjected to distinct degrees of anthropogenic impacts. We access the diversity of aquatic bacteria capable of growing in increasing ampicillin concentrations through 16S rRNA gene libraries. This analysis is complemented by the characterization of antibiotic resistance profiles of isolates obtained from urban aquatic environments. We detect communities capable of tolerating antibiotic concentrations up to 600 times higher than the clinical levels. Among the resistant organisms are included potentially pathogenic species, some of them classified as multiresistant. Our results extend the knowledge of the diversity of antibiotic resistance among environmental microorganisms and provide evidence that the diversity of drug-resistant bacteria in aquatic habitats can be influenced by pollution.
    Microbial Ecology 05/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Sponges are important components of marine benthic communities. High microbial abundance sponges host a large diversity of associated microbial assemblages. However, the dynamics of such assemblages are still poorly known. In this study, we investigated whether bacterial assemblages present in Spongia lamella remained constant or changed as a function of the environment and life cycle. Sponges were collected in multiple locations and at different times of the year in the western Mediterranean Sea and in nearby Atlantic Ocean to cover heterogeneous environmental variability. Co-occurring adult sponges and offsprings were compared at two of the sites. To explore the composition and abundance of the main bacteria present in the sponge mesohyl, embryos, and larvae, we applied both 16S rRNA gene-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) and sequencing of excised DGGE bands and quantitative polymerase chain reactions (qPCR). On average, the overall core bacterial assemblage showed over 60 % similarity. The associated bacterial assemblage fingerprints varied both within and between sponge populations, and the abundance of specific bacterial taxa assessed by qPCR significantly differed among sponge populations and between adult sponge and offsprings (higher proportions of Actinobacteria in the latter). Sequences showed between 92 and 100 % identity to sequences previously reported in GenBank, and all were affiliated with uncultured invertebrate bacterial symbionts (mainly sponges). Sequences were mainly related to Chloroflexi and Acidobacteria and a few to Actinobacteria and Bacteroidetes. Additional populations may have been present under detection limits. Overall, these results support that both ecological and biological sponge features may shape the composition of endobiont bacterial communities in S. lamella.
    Microbial Ecology 05/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The whitefly Bemisia tabaci complex contains many cryptic species, of which the Middle East-Asia Minor 1 (MEAM1) and Mediterranean (MED) are notorious invasive pests. In our field-collected whitefly samples, MEAM1 harbors an obligate primary symbiont "Candidatus Portiera aleyrodidarum" and two secondary symbionts, "Candidatus Hamiltonella defensa" and Rickettsia sp., whereas MED has only "Ca. Portiera aleyrodidarum" and "Ca. Hamiltonella defensa." Both "Ca. Portiera aleyrodidarum" and "Ca. Hamiltonella defensa" are intracellular endosymbionts residing in the bacteriomes, whereas Rickettsia sp. has a scattered distribution throughout the host body cavity. We examined responses of these symbionts to adverse temperatures as well as survival of the host insects. After cold treatment at 5 or 10 °C or heat treatment at 35 or 40 °C for 24 h, respectively, the infection rates of all symbionts were not significantly decreased based on diagnosis PCR. However, quantitative PCR assays indicated significant reduction of "Ca. Hamiltonella defensa" at 40 °C, and the reduction became greater as the duration increased. Compared with "Ca. Hamiltonella defensa," "Ca. Portiera aleyrodidarum" was initially less affected in the first day but then showed more rapid reduction at days 3-5. The density of Rickettsia sp. fluctuated but was not reduced significantly at 40 °C. Meanwhile, the mortality rates of the host whiteflies elevated rapidly as the duration of exposure to heat treatment increased. The differential responses of various symbionts to adverse temperatures imply complex interactions among the symbionts inside the same host insect and highlight the importance of taking the whole bacterial community into account in studies of symbioses.
    Microbial Ecology 05/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Wolbachia are widespread endosymbionts in arthropods and some nematodes. This genus of bacteria is known to manipulate host reproduction by inducing cytoplasmic incompatibility (CI). This important phenotype is implicated in the control of host populations since Wolbachia can suppress host populations through the induction of CI in a way similar to the sterile insect technique. Here, we identified a candidate CI-inducing Wolbachia strain from the parasitic wasp Scleroderma guani (wSguBJ) by sequencing and phylogenetic analysis. This Wolbachia strain was then isolated, purified, and artificially transfected into the new whitefly host Bemisia tabaci through nymphal microinjection. Infection frequency monitoring by molecular detection showed that 60-80 % of the offspring from transfected whitefly populations was infected with wSguBJ six generations after the transfer. Laboratory rearing experiments indicated that the artificial transfection caused no significant difference in the numbers of offspring between the transfected and naturally infected populations and had no significant detrimental effects on the development of transfected males, although the development of transfected females was delayed. Reciprocal crossings revealed that bidirectional CI was induced between the transfected and naturally infected whiteflies. These data indicated that the cross-order transfer of the heterologous Wolbachia strain by nymphal microinjection was successful. Mass release of the transfected males that could stably carry the heterologous Wolbachia without significant compromise of fecundity/development may provide an alternative approach to control of host populations.
    Microbial Ecology 05/2014;